U-36 submarine

Built as a Type VIIA submarine under yard No 559 by Krupp Germania Werft AG, Kiel for the German Navy.
02 March 1936 laid down.
04 November 1936 launched as the U-36.
Displacement: 626 ton surfaced, 745 ton submerged, dim. 64.51 x 5.85 x 9.50m. (height), draught 4.32m. surface.
Powered by two MAN 6-cyl. M6V 40/46 diesel engines, 2,319 hp surfaced, speed 17 knots, two electro motors 750 hp, submerged, speed 8.0 knots.
Range by a speed of 10 knots, 6,200 mile surface, 94 mile by a speed of 4 mile, submerged.
Test depth circa 220 metre.
Armament: 1 – 88/45 deck gun with 220 rounds, - - 2cm AA gun, torpedo tubes one stern 4 bow carried 11 torpedoes or 22 TMA mines.
Crew 42-46 men.
16 December 1936 commissioned.

German submarine U-36 was a Type VIIA U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine which served during World War II.[1] She was constructed in the earliest days of the U-boat arm at Kiel in 1936, and served in the pre-war Navy in the Baltic Sea and North Sea under Kapitänleutnant (Kptlt.) Klaus Ewerth. Korvettenkapitän (K.Kapt.)Wilhelm Fröhlich took command in October 1938 and continued in the role until the boat was lost.
During the war, U-36 undertook two patrols, but was sunk by a torpedo fired by HMS SALMON. She was lost with all hands.
Construction and design
U-36 was ordered by the Kriegsmarine on 25 March 1935 as part of the German Plan Z and in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Her keel was laid down in the AG Weser shipyard in Bremen as yard number 559 on 2 March 1936. After about eight months of construction, she was launched on 4 November 1936 and commissioned on 16 December under the command of Kptlt. Klaus Ewerth.
Main article: German Type VII submarine
Like all Type VIIA submarines, U-36 displaced 626 tonnes (616 long tons) while surfaced and 745 t (733 long tons) when submerged. She was 64.51 m (211 ft 8 in) in overall length and had a 45.50 m (149 ft 3 in) pressure hull. U-36 's propulsion consisted of two MAN 6-cylinder 4-stroke M6V 40/46 diesel engines that totaled 2,100–2,310 PS (1,540–1,700 kW; 2,070–2,280 bhp). Her maximum rpm was between 470 and 485. The submarine was also equipped with two Brown, Boveri & Cie GG UB 720/8 electric motors that totaled 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp). Their maximum rpm was 322. These engines gave U-36 a total speed of 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph) while surfaced and 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) when submerged. This resulted in a range of 6,200 nmi (11,500 km; 7,100 mi) while traveling at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) on the surface and 73–94 nmi (135–174 km; 84–108 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) when submerged. The U-boat's test depth was 220 m (720 ft) but she could go as deep as 230–250 m (750–820 ft) without having her hull crushed.[3]
U-36 's armament consisted of five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four located in the bow and one in the stern). She could have up to 11 torpedoes on board or 22 TMA or 33 TMB mines. U-36 was also equipped with a 8.8 cm SK C/35 naval gun and had 220 rounds for it stowed on board. Her anti-aircraft defenses consisted of one 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft gun.
First patrol
U-36 was at sea when the war broke out, having set out from Wilhelmshaven on 31 August 1939. She arrived in Kiel on 6 September and the following day departed for her first war patrol. She then patrolled the North Sea for three weeks, hoping to catch ships traveling between Britain and Scandinavia carrying war supplies. During this patrol, the boat sank two steamers, TRURO and SILESIA—one British and the other from neutral Sweden—carrying British produce.
HMS SEAHORSE, a British submarine, later fired on U-36 and subsequently claimed to have sunk her, although in fact the torpedo missed. On 27 September Fröhlich and his crew captured another Swedish vessel, ALGERIA, which he proceeded to escort back to Germany as the patrol came to an end. She returned to her berth in Kiel at the end of September, where she remained until December. During her first patrol, U-36 was also credited with having laid the mine that sank the Norwegian freighter, SOLAAS.
Second patrol
On 17 November 1939, Naval High Command (SKL) issued orders for U-36 and U-38 to scout the location for Basis Nord, a secret German naval base for raids on Allied shipping located off the Kola Peninsula and provided by the Soviet Union.[ The mission required coded messages to be flashed to Soviet naval vessels patrolling the area preceding a Soviet escort to the prospective base location.
However, U-36 never left the Norwegian Sea. On 4 December 1939, two days out of Wilhelmshaven, she was spotted on the surface near the Norwegian port of Stavanger by the British submarine HMS SALMON. SALMON then fired one torpedo at her unwitting counterpart. It sank U-36, all 40 of the sailors aboard were lost. During the same patrol, the SALMON also torpedoed the light cruisers LEIPZIG and NÜRNBERG. Following the loss of U-36, U-38 continued towards the Kola Peninsula, successfully reaching the location and accomplished the scouting mission for Basis Nord.

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Source: from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_su ... U-36_(1936)

SCORPION USS (SSN-589)

The nuclear submarine was built under yard No 150 by General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, USA for the USA Navy.
20 August 1958 laid down.
19 December 1959 launched as the USS SCORPION one of the Skipjack-class submarines.
Displacement: 2,930 surface, 3,124 submerged, dim. 76.8 x 9.7 x 9.1m. (draught).
One SSW nuclear reactor, one shaft, speed 30? knots.
Armament: 6 – 21 inch torpedo tubes, 2 – Mark 45 torpedoes.
Crew 83.
29 July 1960 commissioned.
USS SCORPION (SSN-589) was a Skipjack-class nuclear submarine of the United States Navy and the sixth vessel of the U.S. Navy to carry that name. SCORPION was lost on 22 May 1968, with 99 crewmen dying in the incident. The USS SCORPION is one of two nuclear submarines the U.S. Navy has lost, the other being USS THRESHER. It was one of four mysterious submarine disappearances in 1968; the others being the Israeli submarine INS DAKAR, the French submarine MINERVE and the Soviet submarine K-129.
Service
SCORPION  's keel was laid down 20 August 1958 by General Dynamics Electric Boat in Groton. She was launched 19 December 1959, sponsored by Mrs. Elizabeth S. Morrison, the daughter of the last commander of the World War II-era USS SCORPION (which was also lost with all hands, in 1944). SCORPION was commissioned 29 July 1960, Commander Norman B. Bessac in command.
Service: 1960–1967
Assigned to Submarine Squadron 6, Division 62, SCORPION departed New London, Connecticut, 24 August for a two-month European deployment. During that time, she participated in exercises with 6th Fleet units and NATO-member navies. After returning to New England in late October, she trained along the eastern seaboard until May 1961. On 9 August 1961, she returned to New London, moving to Norfolk, Virginia, a month later. In 1962, she earned a Navy Unit Commendation.
Norfolk was SCORPION 's port for the remainder of her career, and she specialized in developing nuclear submarine warfare tactics. Varying roles from hunter to hunted, she participated in exercises along the Atlantic coast, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico operating areas. From June 1963 to May 1964, she interrupted operations for an overhaul at Charleston. She resumed duty in late spring, but was again interrupted from 4 August to 8 October for a transatlantic patrol. In the spring of 1965, she conducted a similar patrol in European waters.
During late winter, early spring, and autumn of 1966, she deployed for special operations. After completing those assignments, her commanding officer (CO) received a Navy Commendation Medal for outstanding leadership, foresight, and professional skill. Other SCORPION officers and crewmen were also cited for meritorious achievement. SCORPION is reputed to have entered an inland Russian sea during a "Northern Run" in 1966, where it filmed a Soviet missile launch through its periscope before fleeing from Soviet Navy ships.
Overhaul: 1967
On 1 February 1967, SCORPION entered Norfolk Naval Shipyard for another extended overhaul. However, instead of a much-needed complete overhaul, she received only emergency repairs to get quickly back on duty. The preferred SUBSAFE program required increased submarine overhaul times, from nine months in length to 36 months. Intensive vetting of submarine component quality SUBSAFE was required, coupled with various improvements and intensified structural inspections — particularly, hull-welding inspections using ultrasonic testing — and reduced availability of critical parts like seawater piping. Cold War pressures prompted U.S. Submarine Force Atlantic (SUBLANT) officers to hunt for ways to cut corners; the last overhaul cost only one-seventh of those given other nuclear submarines at the same time. This was the result of concerns about the "high percentage of time offline" for nuclear attack submarines, estimated at about 40% of total available duty time.
SCORPION  's original "full overhaul" was reduced in scope; long-overdue SUBSAFE work, such as a new central valve control system, was not performed. Crucially, her emergency system was not corrected for the same problems that destroyed THRESHER. While Charleston Naval Ship Yard claimed the Emergency Main Ballast Tank Blow (EMBT) system worked as-is, SUBLANT claimed it did not and their EMBT was "tagged out" or listed as unusable. Perceived problems with overhaul duration led to a delay on all SUBSAFE work in 1967.
CNO Admiral David Lamar McDonald approved SCORPION 's reduced overhaul on 17 June 1966. On 20 July, McDonald deferred SUBSAFE extensions, otherwise deemed essential until 1963.
Service: 1967–1968
In late October 1967, SCORPION started refresher training and weapons system acceptance tests, and was given a new commanding officer, Francis Slattery. Following type training out of Norfolk, Virginia, she got underway on 15 February 1968 for a Mediterranean Sea deployment. She operated with the 6th Fleet into May and then headed west for home. SCORPION suffered several mechanical malfunctions including a chronic problem with Freon leakage from refrigeration systems. An electrical fire occurred in an escape trunk when a water leak shorted out a shore power connection. (However, major steam and leakage problems are not uncommon on U.S. Navy or Royal Navy submarine deployments, even in the 21st Century. There is no evidence that the SCORPION s speed was restricted in May 1968, although it was conservatively observing a depth limitation of 500 feet, due to the incomplete implementation of planned post-THRESHER safety checks and modifications.
Departing the Mediterranean on 16 May, two men left SCORPION at Naval Station Rota in Spain, one for a family emergency (RM2 Eric Reid) and the other (IC1 Joseph Underwood) was dispatched for health reasons. Some U.S. ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) operated from the U.S. Naval base at Rota and it is speculated that USS SCORPION provided noise cover for USS JOHN C.CALHOUND (SSBN-630) as they both ran out to the Atlantic and that, as usual, there were Soviet fast nuclear attack submarines (SSN) attempting to detect and follow the U.S. SSBN; in this case two fast 32 knot Soviet November class hunter-killers. SCORPION was then detailed to observe Soviet naval activities in the Atlantic in the vicinity of the Azores. An Echo II class submarine was operating with this Soviet task force, as well as a Russian guided missile destroyer.[ Having observed and listened to the Soviet units, SCORPION prepared to head back to Naval Station Norfolk.
Disappearance: May 1968
For an unusually long period of time, beginning shortly before midnight on 20 May and ending after midnight 21 May, SCORPION attempted to send radio traffic to Naval Station Rota, but was only able to reach a Navy communications station in Nea Makri, Greece, which forwarded SCORPION 's messages to ComSubLant. Lt John Roberts was handed Commander Slattery's last message, that he was closing on the Soviet submarine and research group, running at a steady 15 knots at 350 feet "to begin surveillance of the Soviets". Six days later the media reported she was overdue at Norfolk.
Search: 1968
The Navy suspected possible failure and launched a public search. SCORPION and her crew of 99 were declared "presumed lost" on 5 June. Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 June. The public search continued with a team of mathematical consultants led by Dr. John Piña Craven, the Chief Scientist of the U.S. Navy's Special Projects Division. They employed the methods of Bayesian search theory, initially developed during the search for a hydrogen bomb lost off the coast of Palomares, Spain, in January 1966 in the Palomares B-52 crash.
Some reports indicate that a large and secret search was launched three days before SCORPION was expected back from patrol. This, combined...

Battle of Athos 1807.

The naval Battle of Athos (also known as the Battle of Monte Sanctoand the Battle of Lemnos ) took place from the 19 to 22 June 1807 and was a key naval battle of the Russo-Turkish War (1806–12, part of the Napoleonic Wars). It was fought a month after the Battle of the Dardanelles . The battle was triggered by Dmitry Senyavin 's retreat from theDardanelles , which he had been blockading since March, towards the Russian naval base at Tenedos . The Ottoman commander, Kapudan Pasha Seyit-Ali , ventured with 9 battleships , 5 frigates and 5 other vessels out of the strait into the Aegean Sea . Thereupon Senyavin returned to cut off his retreat and fell upon the Ottoman fleet halfway between Mount Athos and Lemnos . Trying to avoid a battle or distraction from Tenedos, the Turkish fleet went around him on the south side and rushed to the west. Senyavin, leaving the smaller ships to help the fortress, set out to find the enemy, and found him on 19 June in an unsettled situation at anchor between the island of Lemnos and Athos Mountain. From his previous experience, Senyavin had learned that the Ottomans fought bravely unless their flagship was sunk or taken captive. He therefore ordered Aleksey Greig and other captains of his battleships to concentrate their attack on the three Ottoman flagships, whilst other Russian vessels were to prevent Ottoman frigates from delivering help. The Russians approached in two parallel lines of five battleships each, turning north to run alongside the Ottoman line. During the battle 3 Ottoman battleships and four frigates - around one third of the Sultan's fleet - were either sunk or forced aground. The rest retired to the safety of the Dardanelles. On the way they scuttled another battleship and a frigate near Thasos on 4 July and lost a frigate and a sloop nearSamothrace on about 5 July. In the morning of 20 June it was revealed that the whole Turkish fleet, catching a tailwind, was going north to the island of Thassos. A battleship and two frigates (the former captain of the ship helped Bey) were cut off their squadron by the Russians. On 21 June Senyavin dispatched rear-admiral Greig with three ships of the line in pursuit of the latter, but the Turkish sailors threw their ships ashore and burned them. At dawn of 22 June in the retreating Turkish squadron exploded another battleship and a frigate, and two damaged frigates sank off the island of Samothrace. Of the 20 Turkish ships in Dardanelles, only 12 returned. On 23 June Senyavin decided not to pursue the enemy and return to help beleaguered Tenedos. However, due to the wind and calms he arrived there just on 25 June. Turkish troops surrendered, and, leaving all their guns and arms, were transported to the Anatolian coast. As a result of the battle, the Ottoman Empire lost a combat-capable fleet for more than a decade and signed an armistice with Russia on 12 August.
The design stamp is made after painting of Aleksey Bogolyubov: “Battle of Athos 1807”.
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Source: Wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FBattle_of_Athos.

WASPADA KDB

Built as a fast attack patrol craft by Vosper Thornycroft, Singapore for the Royal Brunei Navy.
?Laid down.
03 August 1977 launched as the KDB WASPADA P02 one of the Waspada class, she was the lead ship of her class of three ships.
Tonnage 175 ton standard, 206 full load, dim. 36.9 x 7.2 x 1.8m. (draught)
Powered by two MTU 20V 538 TB91 diesel engines, 8,985 hp, twin shafts, speed 32 knots.
Range by a speed of 14 knots, 1,380 miles.
Armament: 2 – 30mm Oerlikons L85 AA, 2 – 7.62 mm machine guns. 2 – MM.38 Exocet anti-ship missiles.
Crew 24.
02 August 1978 completed.

After completed she was used as a patrol craft in the Brunei waters, and the class was ideally suited for the coastal requirement of Brunei.
1988 She underwent an upgrade, her fire-control and ESM systems were improved.
15 April 2011 transferred to the Indonesian Navy, and renamed KRI SALAWAKU (642).
2015 In service.

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Source: Internet. Small Craft Navies by Christopher Chant.

DARUSSALAM KDB

THE Brunei Postal Services Department will issue commemorative stamps to mark the 50th anniversary of the Royal Brunei Navy (RBN) on October 30. 2015.
The first design is a picture of His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah, the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, donning a Service Dress during the commissioning of RBN’s KDB DARUSSALAM.
The second design consists of pictures of His Majesty donning a Bush Jacket and the national flag hoisting ceremony by navy members.
The third design will have pictures of His Majesty donning a seagoing attire as well as the three generations of Royal Brunei Navy vessels –PAHLAWAN, (also on Brunei 1971 75c sg180.) WASPADA and DARUSSALAM.
Bintara Omarali Hj Johari designed the stamps and sheets, while Royal Brunei Navy provided the text.

On two stamps you can find the offshore patrol vessel KDB DARUSSALAM built by the Lürssen-Werft, Bremen-Vegesack, Germany for the Royal Brunei Navy.
? Laid Down.
? Launched as the KDB DARUSSALAM (06) the lead ship of the Darussalam class of which four has been built.
Displacement 1,625 ton standard, dim. 80 x 13 x 3.0m. (draught)
Powered by two MTU 12V 1163 TB93 diesel engines, 11,400 hp., twin shafts, speed 22 knots.
Range 7.500 mile by full speed. Endurance 21 days.
Armament: 4 – Exocet MM40 Block 3 missiles, 1 – Bofors 57mm Mk3, 2 – Oerlikons 20 mm GAM-B01 AA.
Crew 54.
Has a helicopter platform on the stern for a medium helicopter.
07 January 2011 completed.
14 May 2011 commissioned in Brunei.
2016 In service.

Brunei 2015 50sen sg?, scott?
Source: Various internet sites.

MERIKARHU (Finland)

Built in 1994 by Finnyards Oy, Rauma, #406, for the Finnish Coast Guard.
Patrol Ship, Displacement:1400 tons, L:57,80m. B:11m. Draft:4,70m. 2 Wärtsilä 8R22MD diesels, each:1420 kW. 15 kn. crew:14, Armament:1-12,7 mm. machine gun.
Homeport Helsinki.

JENNY WIHURI (Finland)

Built in 1999 by Uki Workboat, Uusikaupunki for the Finnish Lifeboat Institution, Helsinki.
Rescue/Salvage Ship, Displacement:45 tons, L:23,80m. B:5,60m. Draft:1,40m. 2 Caterpillar 3412H diesels:1492 kW. 24 kn. crew:6.
(Finland 2012, 1st class, StG.?)
Internet.
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