GIETHOORNSE PUNTER

Netherland issued in 2016 a sheet with 10 stamps of which only one has a maritime theme, it shows the village Giethoorn https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giethoorn with a canal and bridges and a GIETHOORNSE PUNTER in the canal.
This type of boats is built at Giethoorn to transport produce and people, and to fish in the many narrow waterways of the area.

The GIETHOORNSE PUNTER is a flat bottom longitudinally planked, curved fore-end-aft: low sheer. Sharp ends; slightly fuller forward of amidships; raked straight stem and sternpost. Wide lower strake on each side, narrow top strake turns inward and stops before the ends; hard chines. Widely spaced, 3-piece frames extend to top of top strake with no gunwale. Open except for a short fore-and/or stern deck; floor boards.
The fishing punters have a live well-box amidships. Outboard rudder with high head; downsloping tiller. One or two leeboards on the sailing type. Single unstayed mast stepped through the forward thwart. Mainly sprit-rigged, but some use a leg-of-mutton sail. Also punted (as seen on the stamp) or rowed with two pairs of oars; now may employ an outboard motor.
Reported lengths 6 – 8m; e.g., length overall 6.3m, on bottom 5m; maximum width 1.45m on bottom 1.0m; depth 0.5m.

Source Aak to Zumbra a Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.
Netherland 2016 international stamp sg?, scott?

AFGHANISTAN ANCIENT SHIPS 1986

4a: An late thirteenth century vessel used to transport English crusaders to the Holy Land. This drawing was made after the Winchelsea and Sandwich Seals. The original ship a double ended, would have measured 73 feet long, 19½ feet beam, with a depth of 9 ft 7-in. The mast would have risen 58 feet above the deck and set one large square sail. Could carry 100 men and a crew of 30. She was steered from the starboard stern side with a rudder oar.
This vessel carried a fighting castle near the bow and stern.
This ships sailed from England to the Mediterranean, the type was derived from the knarr.
Source: Shipping Wonders of the World. The complete encyclopedia of Sailing Ships by Batchelor & Chant.

5a: A Roman galley see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10800&p=11421&hilit=roman+galley#p11421

6a: An English cog as depict on the Poole seal. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=13989&p=15640&hilit=cinque+port+ship#p15640

7a: An Egyptian merchant ship: Images of cargo vessels were found in the sepulchers of the 3rd Dynasty. The vessels were moved with the help not only of oars but of a sail either. At some images of vessels from the complex of pre-dynasty period of Egypt Negada the 2nd (4 000 B. C.) one can clearly see a sail. It was a narrow square sail fastened to the two-legged removable mast. On the stern platform there were six long steering oars. The rowing oars were removable and they were used without any support as in a modern canoe. The hull was built of thoroughly elaborated acacia plates. It was flimsy and to make it more firm the ancient Egyptian shipbuilders stretched along the hull a thick rope supported by posts. The same wattled rope tightly surrounded the whole hull of the ship. Vessels of such a type had various purposes and mainly they were river ships. On their outer form they resembled ships of pre-dynasty period: they had a moon-shaped profile, more exactly an orange peel profile, with raised ends, a flat bottom, with big width and a small draught. Not less than 40% of the ship's hull height had to be dipped into the water so as it could float along the river. It is considered that in departure to the sea they took ballast. Partially the construction of such vessels is explained that in Egypt only these trees like acacia and fig-tree were grown up from which they could make only short boards. The outer keel was absent and the inner keel went from the bow to the stern with powerful cross beams - traverses at which planking boards were fastened. The planking consisted of short boards that were strengthened by pins.
Downloaded from: http://sailhistory.com/content/view/86/

8a: Three mast carrack: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10705&p=11298&hilit=carrack#p11298

9a: Shows us an Egyptian ship used in the trade between Egypt and Punt.
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14305&p=16697&hilit=punt#p16697

11a: Medieval Northern European Dromon: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=13587&p=15050&hilit=dromon#p15050

Afghanistan 1986 4a/11a sg 1137/43, scott 1224/1230.
Source: Internet various sites.

Ambush HMS

HMS Ambush is an Astute-class nuclear fleet submarine of the Royal Navy, the second boat of her class. Ambush is the third vessel, and the second submarine, to bear the name in Royal Naval service. She was ordered in 1997, laid down in 2003 and commissioned in 2013.

Ambush's nuclear reactor will not need to be refuelled during the boat's 25-year service. Since the submarine can purify water and air, she will be able to circumnavigate the planet without resurfacing. The main limit is that the submarine will only be able to carry three months' supply of food for 98 officers and ratings.

Ambush has provision for up-to 38 weapons in six 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes. The submarine is capable of using Tomahawk Block IV land-attack missiles with a range of 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) and Spearfish heavyweight torpedoes.

Ambush was ordered from GEC's Marconi Marine (now BAE Systems Submarine Solutions) on 17 March 1997. She was laid down at Barrow-in-Furness on 22 October 2003, officially named on 16 December 2010, launched on 6 January 2011, completed her initial dive test on 30 September 2011, and departed Barrow for sea trials on 15 September 2012. Ambush was commissioned in a ceremony at HM Naval Base Clyde on 1 March 2013.

Ambush was scheduled to conduct her maiden operations sometime in 2014. She has already conducted trials, linking up with RFA Diligence. She has also conducted torpedo and Tomahawk cruise missile tests, with early signs showing that they were successful. Ambush sailed down to Brazil in 2014 and also made a port call in Port Canaveral. In April 2015, Ambush participated in Exercise Joint Warrior, the largest military exercise held in Europe, alongside 55 other naval ships of NATO navies. She further participated in Exercise Dynamic Manta 15. In August 2015, The Sun reported that Ambush had conducted reconnaissance off the coast of Libya to locate targets for potential strikes against ISIS.

On 20 July 2016, while surfacing on an exercise in the Strait of Gibraltar, Ambush was in collision with the Panama flagged merchant ship Andreas, sustaining significant damage to the top of her conning tower where some of her sonar equipment is housed. It was reported that no crew members were injured during the collision and that the submarine's nuclear reactor section remained completely undamaged. Repairs were estimated to have cost £3 million to complete.

Wikipedia

Queen Hatshepsut

Although the status of women in ancient Egypt was higher than in any other ancient civilization, the notion that a woman could be king was abhorrent to the Egyptians. Yet, a woman did become king and not just an ordinary king. She became the first great woman in recorded history, the forerunner of such figures as Cleopatra, Elizabeth I, and Catherine the Great. Her name was Hatshepsut and she ruled as pharaoh for fifteen years. Sadly, after her death the Egyptians, who were a deeply conservative people, obliterated her memory so that later pharaohs such as Ramses II and Cleopatra would have been ignorant of her existence.
Hatshepsut’s grandfather, Ahmose I, defeated the Hyksos who had invaded Lower Egypt and occupied it for more than one hundred years during the Second Intermediate Period. It was he who inaugurated the New Kingdom and the eighteenth dynasty, giving rise to some of the most extraordinary characters in ancient Egyptian history.

Hatshepsut was descended from a number of strong women, including Aahotep, the mother of King Ahmose I. Aahotep was a military leader and she received the “Golden Flies” awarded to soldiers who fought courageously.
When Ahmose died, his son Amenhotep became pharaoh but he left no male heirs. Thutmose I, a commoner and army general, became king by marrying Amenhotep’s sister Nefertiri.
Thutmose I was a strong pharaoh and, with his large professional army, made conquests south into Nubia and north as far as the Euphrates River; the farthest any pharaoh had gone up to that time. He erected two large obelisks at Karnak Temple and began the tradition of royal burials in the Valley of the Kings.

Although Thutmose had three sons and two daughters by his great wife, only one of these children was alive when he died: the twelve-year-old Hatshepsut. Thutmose did have a son by a minor wife, also called Thutmose, and to strengthen his claim to the throne, this son was married to Hatshepsut.
However, Thutmose II suffered from poor health and reigned for only fourteen years. He left a daughter by Hatshepsut and a son, again called Thutmose, by Isis, a harem girl.
It is possible that Thutmose II realized Hatshepsut was ambitious for power because he proclaimed the young Thutmose his successor. But when he died Thutmose III was still a child, and his aunt and stepmother, Hatshepsut, acted as regent for him.
Not content to be the power behind the child king, Hatshepsut soon proclaimed herself pharaoh, and the boy was kept away from the court. He was sent off to join the army where he grew up.
To support her cause, Hatshepsut claimed that the god Amun had taken the form of her father and visited her mother, and she herself was the result of this divine union. As the self-proclaimed daughter of God, she further justified her right to the throne by declaring that the god Amun-Ra had spoken to her, saying, “Welcome my sweet daughter, my favourite, the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Maatkare, Hatshepsut. Thou art the king, taking possession of the Two Lands.”
Hatshepsut dressed as a king, even affecting a false beard, but it was never her intention to pass herself off as a man; rather, she referred to herself as the “female falcon.” Her success was due, at least in part, to the respect of the people for her father’s memory and the loyal support of influential officials who controlled all the key positions of government.
During her rule, the Egyptian economy flourished; she expanded trading relations and dispatched a major sea-borne expedition to the land of Punt, on the African coast at the southernmost end of the Red Sea.
Hatshepsut launched an extensive building program, repairing the damage wrought by the invading Hyksos and building magnificent temples. She renovated her father’s hall in the Temple of Karnak, erecting four great obelisks nearly 100 feet (30m) tall, and added a chapel. But her greatest achievement was her mortuary temple at Deir el Bahri, one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt. She called it the ‘Most Sacred of Sacred Places’. The walls were illustrated with a colorful account of the trading expedition to Punt, featuring images of ships and of the marching army led by her general, Nehsi. From the drawings we can see that the expedition brought back many wonderful things including gold, ebony, animal skins, baboons, and refined myrrh, as well as living myrrh trees that were then planted around the temple. The walls at Deir el Bahri also depict the houses of the people of Punt and an image of its obese queen.

As Hatshepsut and her political allies aged, her hold on the throne weakened. The early death of her daughter, whom she had married to Thutmose III, may have contributed to her decline. Eventually, her nephew took his rightful place as pharaoh, though the circumstances of this event are unknown and what became of Hatshepsut is a mystery. Whether she died naturally or was deposed and eliminated is uncertain. What we do know is that about twenty years after her death, Thutmose had her name removed from nearly all the monuments and replaced with either the name of her father, her husband, or Thutmose III himself. Ironically, some of the best-preserved obelisks in Egypt are those of Hatshepsut. Thutmose III had stone walls built around them to hide them from public view, but these walls also served the purpose of protecting them from the elements.

Internet

500 YEARS OF PORTUGUESE DISCOVERIES

In 1989 three stamps were used by Portugal to honour 500 years of Portuguese Discoveries.
The pearls of the history of Portugal are without a shadow of doubt the discovery voyages and the achievement of the Portuguese navigators.
The stamp were designed after drawings by Carlos Alberto Santos.
The 30e stamp, I have not any idea which building is depict.

From Mr. Jean-Louis Araignon I received the following information on the stamp:

On the stamp is written in Portuguese 100 centenary of Se de Braga (the cathedral of Braga).
The picture match with the south side of cathedral, not with the front side which appear in most of pictures:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braga_Cat ... aga-02.jpg

I can not find a connection between Braga and discovery voyages, also Braga is a inland town, that the stamp has not a maritime connection.

The 55e shows us a caravel in front of the Sao Jorge da Mina fortress. On the Gold Coast (now Ghana), de fort is better known as Elmina Castle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elmina_Castle
The 60e shows three sailors with a chart and an astrolabe on board most probably a caravel. The vessel in the background is a caravel.

Portugal 1989 30/60p sg2126/28 scott ?
Source Internet. Portuguese Post

TANIN and RAHAV submarines

The Israel Navy did not have any submarines when it was founded in March 1948. The thought of acquiring and operating submarines did not ripen until a few years later. It was a bold and innovative step for the teams slated to operate these submarines as well as the technical personnel who would maintain them. Submarine personnel are selected meticulously, as they must be extremely level-headed and professional, and beyond all else must be able to work and live as a team.

S Class Submarine, 1959
The Navy's flotilla of submarines was established in 1959 and included two outdated submarines purchased from the British Navy's surplus. These submarines, with all their limitations, served as a first step for Israel's young Navy. One of them, the INS (Israeli Naval Ship) TANIN, participated in a daring operation during the Six Day War.

Only two submarine of the S Class have been sailing under the Israeli flag the TANIN and RAHAV, only the class is given, below are the details of the two submarines depict on the stamp.

TANIN: Built as a submarine under yard no 1142 by Cammell Laird & Co. Limited., Birkenhead for the Royal Navy.
08 May 1944 laid down.
14 May 1945 launched as HMS SPRINGER (P264) one of the S Class.
Displacement 814-872 ton surface, 990 tons submerged. Dim. 66 x 7.16 3.4m. (draught surface)
Powered by two 8-cyl. Admiralty diesel engine 1,550 hp., Admiralty electro motor 1,300 hp, speed surface 14.5 knots, submerged 10 knots.
Bunker capacity 44 tons.
Range by a speed of 10 knots, 6,000 mile.
Armament: 1 - 3inch gun, 1 20mm cannon and 3 – 303 calibre machine guns. 6 forward torpedo tubes 21 inch and 1 stern tube 21 inch.
Crew 48.
02 August 1945 commissioned.

HMS SPRINGER was an S class submarine of the Royal Navy, and part of the Third Group built of that class. She was built by Cammell Laird and launched on 14 May 1945. So far she has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name SPRINGER.
Built as the Second World War was drawing to a close, she did not see much action. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.

Israeli Navy service as TANIN, Six Day War
SPRINGER was sold to the Israeli Navy in 1958 and renamed TANIN S71 (Hebrew: תנין‎; Crocodile or Tannin). TANIN participated in the Six Day War, launching naval commandos to attack the port of Alexandria. She then tried to torpedo an Egyptian sloop but was severely damaged by a depth charge counter attack. Her commander was awarded the Medal of Courage for his actions at the port of Alexandria. She received spare parts from her sister ship RAHAV, formerly HMS SANGUINE, when RAHAV was retired in 1968. TANIN was listed for disposal in 1972.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_SPRINGER_(P264)

RAHAV: built as a submarine by Cammell Laird & Co. Limited at Birkenhead for the Royal Navy.
10 January 1944 laid down.
15 February 1945 launched as HMS SANGUINE P266 one of the S Class.
Details the same as the TANIN.
13 May 1945 commissioned.

HMS SANGUINE was an S class submarine of the Royal Navy, and part of the Third Group built of that class. She was built by Cammell Laird and launched on 15 February 1945. So far she has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name SANGUINE.
Built as the Second World War was drawing to a close, she did not see much action. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

Israeli Navy as RAHAV
SANGUINE was sold to the Israeli Navy in 1958 and renamed RAHAV S73 in March 1959, after the mythical sea-monster Rahab. Not operational during the Six-Day War, she was retired in 1968 and cannibalized for spare parts for TANIN, formerly HMS SPRINGER, RAHAV’s sister ship which did see combat in 1967.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_SANGUINE_(P266)

Israel 2017 2s50 sg?, scott?
Source: Info received from Mr. Dotan with thanks, and Internet.

ESPRIT DE BARACHOIS painting

In 2013 St Pierre et Miquelon issued two stamps of 0.60 Euro with paintings on it. The stamp painted by the French maritime painter François Bellec gives Esprit de barachois and shows us “doris” pulled on shore by a capstan at Langlade. More info on the doris is given on: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=11927&p=12785&hilit=doris#p12785

The photo shows the capstan they use to pull the doris on shore. On the stamp red painted.

A barachois is a term used in Atlantic Canada and Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Mauritius Island to describe a coastal lagoon separated from the ocean by a sand or shingle bar. Salt water may enter the barachois during high tide.
The bar often is formed as a result of sediment deposited in the delta region of a river or - as is the case in Miquelon - by a tombolo.
The term comes from a Basque word, “barratxoa”, meaning “little bar”. The popular derivation from the French “barre à choir” is without historical merit.
In Newfoundland English, the word has become written and pronounced as barrasway.
The term is also used to describe the coves in the lagoon of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean.
Grand Barachois is a large natural lagoon in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. It lies immediately south of Miquelon Island, and is formed largely by the 12 kilometre-long tombolo of La Dune.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barachois
St Pierre et Miquelon 2012 0.60 Euro, sg?, scott?
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Unidentified ships on stamps

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