The quinquereme of Carthage

The Carthaginians were famed in antiquity for their seafaring skills and innovation in ship design. The empire their navy protected stretched from Sicily to the Atlantic coast of Africa. Able to match the tyrants of Sicily and the Hellenistic kingdoms Carthage’s dominance of the seas would be challenged and ultimately replaced by the Romans, who were able to create a navy that became just as successful as their land army. Inheriting the skills passed on to them by the mother country Phoenicia the Carthaginians were admired across the ancient Mediterranean not only for their seamanship but also the quality of their ships. Such were the requirements of Carthage’s large navy that ships were constructed using mass-produced pieces marked with numbers for ease of assembly. The wood used for ships was oak, fir, and pine. The size of the fleet changed depending on the period, but according to the ancient historian Polybius, Carthage had a fleet of 350 ships in 256 BCE. During the Punic Wars with Rome between 264 BCE and 146 BCE the fleet had to be constantly renewed to recover from losses in battles and storms. The naval fleet of Carthage was composed of large warships propelled by sail and oars which were used to ram enemy vessels using a bronze ram mounted on the prow below the waterline. Direction was controlled by two steering-oars fixed to either side of the stern. Each oar was fitted with a horizontal bar for the helmsmen to handle. The Phoenicians had invented the trireme with three banks of rowers, but after using these in their early history the Carthaginians would later progress in the 4th century BCE to the bigger and faster ships with its arrangement of four and five rowers per vertical line men per oar, the quadrireme and quinquereme. Quinquirem (Latin quinquiremis, from quinque - five and remus - paddle) or pentera is a combat rowing boat with five rows of oars arranged one above the other or in staggered order. Each oar was driven by one rower, the number of oars in one row reached 25. Displacement is over 200 tons, length is 45 meters, width is 6 meters, draft is 2.5 meters, crew is about 250 people. The rowers of the third and fourth upper rows were located in a closed crinoline - a paradox, and the lower ones - one above the other in the hull of the ship.For the coordination of the rowing, the rope connection of the oars of one row and the stops limiting the size of the stroke were used. The nose and stern of the panthers were decorated with acrostole (continuation of the stems). The aft part of the ship was surrounded by a hanging gallery with a balustrade, under which the boat was usually suspended. The penthers had two masts with battle mars. The sailing armament consisted of large straight sails, which were used only on transitions when passing winds. Unlike the more primitive trireme, the quinckverme could penetrate through the enemy ship at high speed.The construction of the quinquel was started in Rome during the First Punic War after the storm threw a similar Carthaginian ship on the coast of Italy, as birems and triremes were unable to cope with the multi-tiered heavy ships of Carthage, whose side, protected by a whole forest of oars, was unavailable to the ramming blow comparatively easy Roman bireme.
The main aim in a naval battle was to ram and hole an enemy vessel or break its bank of oars. Polybius describes the skills and tactics of the Carthaginian navy in battle thus: “They much surpassed the Romans in speed, owing to the superior build of their ships and the better training of the rowers, as they had freely developed their line [formation] in the open sea. For if any ships found themselves hard pressed by the enemy it was easy for them, owing to their speed, to retreat safely to open water and from thence, fetching round on the ships that pursued…them, they either got in their rear or attacked them in the flank. As the enemy then had to turn round they found themselves in difficulty owing to the weight of the hulls and the poor oarsmanship of the crews, [so the Carthaginians] rammed them repeatedly and sunk many”.
Gabonaise 2017;1150f. Source:


The America’s Cup, affectionately known as the Auld Mug, is the oldest active trophy in international sport. First contested in 1851, it predates the modern Olympics by 45 years.
The competition for this prestigious Cup began when a schooner named America won a race around the Isle of Wight against a fleet of Britain’s finest boats. In 1857 the owners of America donated the Cup to the New York Yacht Club (NYCC). The Cup was to become a ‘challenge trophy’ for ‘friendly competition between foreign countries’. And so began America’s 132 year winning-streak and domination of the sport.
America successfully defended the cup 24 times until in 1983 they met their match when they failed to beat Australia. The longest winning streak in history was finally broken.
The America’s Cup is notoriously difficult to win. Since the first race over 150 years ago, only four nations have been able to join the extremely exclusive winner’s circle, New Zealand being one of them.
1995 was New Zealand’s year for victory. Team New Zealand sailed to glory in their superior craft and the America’s Cup was welcomed with open arms back to the southern hemisphere. However, this was short-lived and despite having been successful defending the Cup in 2000, we lost and fare-welled the Cup in 2003.
2017 America's Cup Stamp Sheet
The America’s Cup is not without its dramas, and there have been many. From swifter, lighter boats, to the multi-hulled catamarans. 2017 was to be no different, with New Zealand revealing their secret weapon, cyclers. No longer was the traditional hand crank enough to generate the hydraulic pressure which powered the foiling cat, instead leg power was introduced and put to the test. Through these special commemorative stamps, you can take a closer look at the incredible skill and innovation that enabled New Zealand to sail away to victory. Celebrate the highly talented team and all that they have achieved in order to bring the America’s Cup back to New Zealand.

She was built at the Team New Zealand base at Auckland as an AC Class catamaran.
16 February 2017 launched as EMIRATES TEAM NEW ZEALAND and christened by Tina Symmans.
Weight of boat 2,332-2,432 kg.
Hull constructed from carbonfiber
Length 15 meter, beam 8.47m
Top speed under full sail 46 knots.
Rig type: wing sloop, mainsail area 100m². Mast length 23.60m.
Crew 6.

The AC50 (defined in the America's Cup rules as AC Class yacht, or ACC) is a wing sail catamaran box rule, governing the construction and operation of the yachts to be used for inshore racing in the 2017 Louis Vuitton Cup and the 2017 America's Cup.
The class replaced the AC72 class used in the 2013 America's Cup. The class does not prohibit the use of hydrofoils so L-shaped daggerboard stabilizers as well as T-shaped rudder elevators, which were previously used in AC72s, were developed for the competition. Prototype versions of AC50 class crossbeams, wings, appendages, as well as steering and trimming systems have been tested by all syndicates on AC45 platforms as surrogate yachts. The class allows hydraulic control of the wing and appendages. Motors and computers are banned in the class. Each challenger team is only allowed to build one AC50 for competition.
The class achieved a maximum peak speed of 47.2 knots (87.4 km/h) over the water, recorded by ACRM telemetry aboard MAGIC BLUE.
The next America's Cup will be sailed in the AC75 monohull.

.After completed and trials, she was shipped by an airplane to Bermuda.

The America Cup Races took part in Bermuda and Wikipedia has all the info:

After the cup the EMIRATES TEAM NEW ZEALAND was shipped back to New Zealand by a cargo vessel to Auckland.
2018 Still at Auckland.

Source: New Zealand Post web-site and various internet sites.

The TEAM ORACLE yacht also depict on the miniature sheet has the same details as EMIRATES TEAM NEW ZEALAND.

New Zealand 2017 $2.70 sgMS, scott 2736 a/f, all stamps shows the New Zealand yacht, while 2736e and 2736f shows also TEAM ORACLE yacht.


Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817‒1900) was a Russian painter, art patron, professor, academician and an honorary member of the Imperial Academy of Arts. He was born in Feodosia on July 29, 1817. He founded an art school and a gallery there, which now boasts the most complete collection of the painter’s works.

The artist mainly painted seascapes during his trips to England, Spain, Germany, Africa, America and Middle East. During his life, he created around 6,000 paintings and won international fame as a marine artist.

Aivazovsky was an art patron and used his fortune generously for charitable purposes. He gave money to build an archeological museum in Feodosia and for many urban development works.

The postage stamp features the Entrance to Sevastopol Bay (1852) painting by Ivan Aivazovsky, and the souvenir sheets margins bear a portrait of the artist.

(It looks a squadron of the Russian fleet arrived in port.)

Source: Russian Post
Russia 2017 95R sgMS?, scott 7838


This se tenant stamps issued by Slovenia in 1992 shows us on the 47t, Columbus vessel the SANTA MARIA see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12481

The 27t stamp shows us Pater Marco Anton Kappus.
Marcus Antonius (Marco Anton) Kappus was born in Kamna Gorica, a small village in the Slovenian Alps (then part of Austria-Hungary). He came to America in 1687 and, like Fr. Eusebio Kino, SJ, distinguished himself as a Jesuit educator, writer, explorer, and missionary among the Opata Indians in the territory of Sonora and the Pimeria Alta, today northern Mexico and southern Arizona. He was one of three Jesuits to be involved in the proof that California was not an island, a fact alluded to by the old map on the stamp above which depicts Baja California joined to Sonora with the image of Kappus and Indians. On 8 June 1701 Kappus sent to Vienna the first news of Kino's discovery that California was not an island, but a peninsula and part of the mainland. His letters are an important source of historical information even today about life in Sonoma at the turn of the century.
Slovenia 1992 27/47t sg 157/58, scott 137 a/b.

SHIP OF FOOLS painting Hieronymus Bosch

The stamp shows a small boat most probably from around 1490-1500 of which I not have any information.

Ship of Fools (painted c. 1490–1500) is a painting by Hieronymus Bosch, now on display in the Musée du Louvre, Paris. The surviving painting is a fragment of a triptych that was cut into several parts. The Ship of Fools was painted on one of the wings of the altarpiece, and is about two thirds of its original length. The bottom third of the panel belongs to Yale University Art Gallery and is exhibited under the title Allegory of Gluttony. The wing on the other side, which has more or less retained its full length, is the Death and the Miser, now in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.. The two panels together would have represented the two extremes of prodigality and miserliness, condemning and caricaturing both.
Dendrochronological study has dated the wood to 1491, and it is tempting to see the painting as a response to Sebastian Brant's Das Narrenschiff or even the illustrations of the first edition of 1493. Another possible source for the ship allegory is the 14th-century Le Pèlerinage de l'Âme by Guillaume de Deguileville , which was printed in Dutch in 1486 (shortly after William Caxton printed it as The Pylgremage of the Sowle in 1483). A Drawing of the Ship of Fools (nl), also in the Louvre, appears to be a later copy.
Dendrochronological studies by Peter Klein have radically altered the provenance of some paintings, for instance the Escorial Crowning with Thorns panel can only have been painted after 1525 and so is not a Bosch original. The same goes for the Rotterdam Marriage feast at Cana panel which can only have been painted after 1553. It has also become clear that the Rotterdam Pedlar tondo, the Paris Ship of Fools panel and the Washington Death of a Miser panel have been painted on wood from the same tree.
The two to eight years between the felling of the tree and its use as a painting substrate allows The Ship of Fools to be a direct satire of a frontispiece of Sebastian Brant's book.
St Vincent & Grenadines 2016 $7.50 sgMS?, scott 4093a

Perahu Payang

Perahu Payang are built specially for river and coastal area. In the past are use only in fishing activities, and as a transportation from village to village. The Perahu Payang (drag-net boat) is the largest traditional Terengganu fishing boat, named due to the usage of payang (drag-net) netting. The Payang boat is normally used for deep sea fishing activities operated by 15 crews on board. Measuring at 14.2 meter long, 2.27 meter wide and 3.10 meter high, the Payang boat is propelled using wind power blowing on its two sails thrusting it forward into the sea. In the past, these boats were mostly found in Setiu district, especially along the Kuala Setiu Coastline. However, the boats were also used in other districts along the coast from Kuala Setiu until Kuala Kemaman.

Perahu buatan barat

«Perahu buatan barat»(Boat of east manufacture) of Peninsular Malaysia- undecked fishing boat of the east coast and adjacent Thailand.Double-ended; vertical cutwater,but above the the water line; stem and sternpost flare outward and extend upward as much as 1.5-1.8m. Plank-built on a dugout base, which forms a broad keel. A spar rest, often elaborately carved, extends outboard on the port side abaft the stem; in some areas, a similar piece extends out the starboard side and serves to secure the anchor. Boats collorfully painted. Boat building tradition is one of the skills mastered by Malay craftsmen. Decoration on the Perahu Buatan Barat, the Malay traditional boat is one of the uniqueness of the production of traditional boats in East Coast of Malaysia. The tradition of Malay boat building, each plank was given specific names based on the line of planks. There is one line called 'papan tarik' or 'papan cantik' was usually decorated with paintings by a variety of motifs and patterns from the bow to the stern of the boat. The motifs usually taken from the surrounding environment as well as flora and fauna will be painted with motifs repeated but with differing formations. The aim of this study is to identify the motifs and analyze the formation of motifs by using mathematical methods of frieze pattern. In the monsoon season, substitution of short, stumpy stem and sternpost permits better handling through the surf. Some have an aft-raking stick amidships to which the steering oar is affixed. Normally steps 2 masts, each setting a rectangular mat or canvas sail. Foremast stepped in the eyes, as is a single mast. Crew of 5-7, but some exceptionally large boats may employ 30 men. Reported lengths 9.8-10.4, beam ca. 1.83m, depth 0.76m; in northern Kelantan, only ca. 5.5m long.
Source: A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra.

Unidentified ships on stamps

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