Inazuma (DD-105)

Laid down 8 May 1997, Launched 9 September 1998, Commissioned 15 March 2000.

The Murasame-class destroyer is a third-generation general purpose destroyer in service with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF).
The Murasame was a successor to the Asagiri class, and like its predecessor, it mainly tasked with ASW and ASuW. It shows a number of improvements to design and equipment, such as:
Introduction of stealth technology.
Both superstructure and hull have angled rather than the traditional vertical surfaces. There is however no angled tripod mainmast like the one of the American Arleigh Burke-class destroyer because of the heavy weather of the Sea of Japan in winter.
New-generation C4I system.
This class is equipped with the new generation OYQ-9 combat direction system and the OYQ-103 ASW control system. The OYQ-9 CDS is composed of one AN/UYK-43, one AN/UYK-44, and AN/UYQ-21 workstations. The totality of the OYQ-103 and associated sub-systems is the Japanese equivalent of the American AN/SQQ-89 ASWCS.
Enhanced electronics.
The advanced OPS-24 active electronically scanned array radar and OPS-28 surface search and target acquisition radar introduced into the fleet with the Asagiri class remains on board, and there are some new system such as the NOLQ-3 integrated electronic warfare system and OQS-5 hull sonar. The NOLQ-3 EW suite is thought to be the Japanese equivalent of the American AN/SLQ-32.
Modified missile systems.
To enhance the low-observability and combat readiness capability, the Mk.41 vertical launching system (for the RUM-139 VL ASROC) and Mk.48 VLS (for the Sea Sparrow) replace the traditional swivel octuple launchers. And the surface-to-surface missile system is alternated by the SSM-1B of Japanese make. Currently, ships of this class have been switching the point defense missile system from the traditional Sea Sparrow to the Evolved Sea Sparrow.
The Murasame class was designed to replace the JMSDF's smaller destroyers that were reaching block obsolescence, ensuring the fleet could maintain its strength while increasing its firepower. It was originally planned that 14 of these would be built, but this was reduced to nine when the Takanami class (a modified variant of the Murasame) was designed and construction begun.
The Murasame-class destroyers' weapon systems include the Evolved Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile, Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile, RUM-139 VL ASROC, the SSM 1B anti-ship missile, two Mark 15 20 mm Phalanx CIWS gun mounts, two torpedo mounts in a triple tube configuration and a 76 mm 62cal rapid-fire naval gun.
With the exception of Kirisame, all ships of the class share their names with World War II destroyers.
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 4,550 long tons (4,623 t) standard 6,100 long tons (6,198 t) full load
Length: 151 m (495 ft)
Beam: 17.4 m (57 ft 1 in)
Draft: 5.2 m (17 ft 1 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Ishikawajima Harima LM-2500 gas turbines
2 × Kawasaki Rolls Royce Spey SM1C gas turbines
60,000 shp (45 MW)
2 shafts
Speed: 30 knots (35 mph; 56 km/h)
Complement: 165
Armament: 1 × 76 mm 62cal rapid fire gun (OTO Melara 3)
2 × missile canister up to 8 Type 90 (SSM-1B)
2 × 20 mm Phalanx CIWS
2 × Type 68 triple torpedo tubes
VLS Mk 48 (16 cells)
  • Evolved Sea Sparrow SAM
VLS Mk 41 (16 cells)
  • RUM-139 VL ASROC
Aircraft carried: 1 × SH-60J(K) anti-submarine helicopter

Wikipedia

Hiei (DDH-142)

Laid down 8 March 1972, Launched 13 August 1973. Decommissioned 16 March 2011.

The Haruna-class destroyer was a destroyer class built for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) in the early 1970s. These helicopter carrying destroyers (DDH) are built around a large central hangar which houses up to three helicopters.
Originally, the Coastal Safety Force and its successor, the JMSDF, had intended to enable its fleet aviation operating capability. In 1960, the Defense Agency planned to construct one helicopter carrier (CVH) with the Second Defense Build-up Plan, but this project was shelved and finally cancelled because the JMSDF changed their plan to dispersing its fleet aviation assets among destroyers, not concentrating in few helicopter carrier. The Japanese DDH was planned to be a hub with this dispersing fleet aviation concept with their logistics service capability for aircraft.
At the beginning, equipment of this class were similar to those of the Takatsuki-class DDA. All weapons, two 5-inch/54 caliber Mark 42 (Type 73) guns and one Type 74 octuple missile launcher (Japanese version of the American Mark 16 GMLS), were settled on the forecastle deck. But with the Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM) program in 1983 and 1984, Sea Sparrow launchers, Phalanx CIWS systems and chaff launchers were added on the superstructure. With this upgrading program, this class became also enable to operate Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS) with OYQ-6/7 combat direction system.
The rear-half of the superstructure was helicopter hangar, and the afterdeck was the helicopter deck with the beartrap system. To operate large HSS-2 ASW helicopters safely, the full length of the helicopter deck reached 50 meters.
Type Destroyer
Displacement: 4,950 long tons (5,029 t) standard
6,900 long tons (7,011 t) full load
Length: 153.1 m (502 ft)
Beam: 17.5 m (57 ft 5 in)
Draft: 5.2 m (17 ft 1 in)
Propulsion: 2 boilers 850 psi (60 kg/cm², 5.9 MPa), 430 °C
2 turbines
2 shafts
60,000 hp (45,000 kW)
Speed: 31 knots (36 mph; 57 km/h)
Complement: 370
360 (DDH-141)
36 officers
Armament: Sea Sparrow Mk.29 SAM octuple launcher
ASROC octuple launcher
2 × 5"/54 caliber Mk.42 guns (Type 73)
2 × 20 mm Phalanx CIWS
2 × Mark 32 triple torpedo tubes (Mk-46 torpedoes)
Aircraft carried: 3 × SH-60J(K) anti-submarine helicopters
Wikipedia

CALYPSO HMS 1845

This is Pitcairn's second issue of stamps featuring nineteenth century paintings; the first was released on 16 January 1985.
The artist responsible for the original monochromatic paintings forming the basis for this issue was Lieutenant Conway Shipley, an officer on HMS CALYPSO which arrived at Pitcairn Island on 9 March 1848 and "sailed at sunset" two days later.
The Pitcairn Island Register, a manuscript volume in which were recorded the more notable events occurring on the island, says of the visit:

At 9 am (on 10 March 1848) Captain Worth, and a party of officers, landed; and the greetings on both sides were cordial. Our people, men, women and children, are almost beside themselves.
Many valuable and useful presents were brought to the island...
The Shipley paintings now form part of a private collection in Australia.
Source: Pitcairn Post.

Built as a cruiser sloop by the Chatham Dockyard, Chatham for the Royal Navy.
17 March 1834 ordered.
December 1837 laid down.
08 May 1845 launched as the HMS CALYPSO one of the Daphne class.
Tonnage 734 ton (bm), dim. 120.1 x 37.9 x 9.7ft. (draught), length of keel 99.3 ft.
Armament 20 – 32pdrs. guns.
Crew 145, later increased to 175.
12 December 1845 commissioned under command of Captain Henry John Worth.

18 March 1846 sailed for the Pacific Station via Cape Horn to Callao, Peru where she arrived on 03 August 1846. Later that year arrived in Valparaiso.
1847 Made various voyages to the Pacific Islands with on board the British Consul, investigating reported crimes and complaints.
June 1847 at Tahiti

Oct 1847 departed from Tahiti to Raiatea and neighbouring islands.

9 Mar 1848 a letter from Captain Worth reports that the ship arrived at Pitcairn Islands from Callao. Bad weather delayed landing by 24 hours, when the captain went ashore with half the officers and youngsters, bringing presents from the inhabitants of Valparaiso. There being no anchorage the ship was standing off and on. The number of inhabitants is 140 and all appear happy and healthy. 100 lbs. of powder, ensign and union jack, casks of salt beef and pork, agricultural implements, clothes and books etc. were landed before departure
11 Mar 1848 departed for Tahiti
1 Jul 1848 The Falcon reports that H.M.S. Calypso arrived at Tahiti from the South American station on the 22nd March, having called at Pitcairn's Island on her way, with presents from the British and Chilian Governments. She departed again on the 26th March, for the purpose of recognising and saluting the independent Leeward Islands, and from thence would proceed to Valparaiso, calling at the Navigators' and Fejee (Fiji) Islands.

Circa 7 Aug 1848 arrived Upolu, Navigator Islands, and blockaded port for 10 days, obtaining redress for grievances complained of by British subjects.

17 August 1848 departed for Valparaiso

23 Sep 1848 The COCQUETTE reports that the CALYPSO had visited the Feejee Islands where "severe punishment" was inflicted on the local natives for the murder of 2 Englishmen.
See report of 21 Oct 1848 below.

21 Oct 1848 H.M.S. CALYPSO, Captain Worth, was at the Fejees about the middle of June. During her visit she burnt the town of Unduvan, some eight or nine miles from the Missionary Station at Viwa. This summary act was caused by aggression of the natives of that village, who about a year before had taken forcible possession of a boat belonging to some white residents, murdering two of their number. On the 20th of June the CALYPSO opened upon the town, keeping up a heavy fire. On the following day, under cover of her guns, she landed her Marines and Blue Jackets, marching them on the town, and burning it with but little resistance. On the retiring of this force, the natives rushed out and attacked them, wounding one of the seamen in the thigh. They were, however, speedily put to the rout, with a loss of eight men killed, and twenty wounded. After this affair, the British re-embarked, without further molestation. On the same evening, the chief of the village proceeded on board the CALYPSO, soliciting pardon, according to native custom, by presenting to Captain Worth, a whale's tooth, three hogs, and a basket of earth.
http://www.pbenyon.plus.com/18-1900/C/00781.html
Early 1849 was she on the west coast of Mexico till March, then she sailed to Valparaiso before she headed for Cape Horn and home where she arrived on 17 September in Chatham,.
24 September 1849 paid off.
1851 Was fitted out again for service.
23 July 1851 recommissioned under command of Captain Arthur Forbes for North America and the West Indies.
23 November 1857 under command of Cmdr. Frederick Byng Montresor for the Pacific.
January/February 1858 fitted out for sea service at Chatham.
February 1860 was beached at Tabogas Island, Pacific (Bay of Panama).
January 1862 paid off.
29 January 1866 breaking up completed by Castle & Beech at Charlton(near London).

Pitcairn Island 1987 $1.80 sg?, scott?
Source: http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/s ... hp?t=15929 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1817-1863 by Rif Winfield.

Le DAUPHIN stern trawler

Built as a factory stern trawler under yard No 107 by the Chantiers Augustin Normand. Le Havre for the Hiram Fishing Co. Ltd., Haifa, Israel.
14 September 1962 launched as the HIRAM I, christened by Mrs. Zila Becker. She was named after the Phoenician King of Tyre.
Tonnage 1,597 grt, dim. 77.3 x 11.3m, length between pp. 66.2m.
Powered diesel electric by three diesel engines,?hp., one shaft, speed 13 knots.
March 1963 delivered. Imo No 5411591

September 1970 sold to Armament Andres Ledun, Fecamp, France, as replacement of the loss of his vessel NICOLAS SELLES when she returned from the Grand Banks in 1969. Renamed Le DAUPHIN,
During the time under his ownership she made 35 voyages, and caught 3,773,462 kilo salted cod, 13,201,474 frozen cod, with a total worth of 184,440,716 Frank (Euro 28,117,806).
1989 Sold to S. Evans & Sons, Great Britain, renamed in KING NEPTUNE.
1990 Sold to Gardline Shipping Ltd. Hull, not renamed. This company used second hand trawlers as offshore support vessels in the oil industry, so most probably the KING NEPTUNE was used in this roll.
22 April 1993 she arrived in Goole and was scrapped by R Cooke.

St Pierre et Miquelon 2017 1.20 Euro, sg?, scott?
Source: http://www.fecamp-terre-neuve.fr/Navires/Dauphin.html http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz

AFTERGLOW

Built as a wooden steam-drifter by the yard of John Chambers at Lowestoft, G.B. for the British Admiralty.
The building program for this steam drifters commenced in May 1917, with an average cost for hull and machinery of £11.500.
Launched as the AFTERGLOW.
Tonnage 94 grt, dim. 94 x 20 x 10ft, length bpp. 86ft.
One 3-cyl. triple expansion steam engine manufactured by Pollit & Wigzell at Sowerby Bridge, Yorkshire, 270 ihp., one shaft, speed 9 knots.
07 October 1918 delivered to the Admiralty.

If she ever was used by the Admiralty I am not sure, First World War was almost finished when she was delivered, most probably laid up.
Early 1920 she arrived at the Falkland Islands for service as a patrol vessel to protect the Fur Seal Rookeries in the colony.
1931 Sold to the Falkland Islands & Dependencies Sealing Company and renamed PORT RICHARD.
From November 1939 hired by the Royal Navy and renamed HMS AFTERGLOW, and used as an armed patrol vessel around the Falkland Islands. Armed with 1-3pdr. gun.
August 1944 returned to owners, after she received damage in the shallow and treacherous Reef Channel at Saunders Island. Laid up in Stanley Harbour.
During a gale later she dragged ashore.
Her remains can today be seen on the beach close to the Stanley Market Garden.

Falkland Islands 2017 £1.22 sg?, scott?
Sources: Ships of the Royal Navy Vol. 2 by J.J. Colledge. Condemned at Stanley by John Smith. Falkland Island Post. Internet

ACTAEON barque 1838

The extraordinary voyages of 16th century seafarers transformed history as newly-developed deep water sailing ships, equipped with the mariner’s compass, enabled Europeans to venture beyond the horizon and scour the oceans for new land, dreams and gold. During one such voyage in 1592, to the Magellan Straits, the little recognized but most accomplished navigator, John Davis, in his ship, Desire, was storm-blown under bare poles amongst these apparently unknown and unpeopled islands. But it is likely that the archipelago had been quietly known about for years by the major sea powers, as an ill-defined cluster of blobs appear, vaguely positioned near the eastern end of the Magellan Strait, on maps from 1507 onwards. Amerigo Vespucci may well have seen them from the deck of a Portuguese ship as early as 1502.
The 700 islands, islets, rocks and reefs which comprise the Falklands are situated some 315 nautical miles down-wind and down-stream from Cape Horn. Battered by frequent gales and surrounded by strong currents, the Islands have always provided both peril and sanctuary for the seafarer. Over 180 ships are known to have met their end in the wild seas which surround the Falklands. Without doubt there will have been others which sank without trace.

During the 1850’s there was a sudden upsurge in sea-borne traffic around Cape Horn. Vessels trading in Californian and Australian gold, Chilean copper and Peruvian guano began calling into Stanley for repair and provisions. The nearest alternative port was Montevideo a thousand miles to the north. Some ships attempting to round the Horn were overloaded, some unseaworthy, and others simply unlucky. Many suffered severe battering and, riding the prevailing westerlies, limped back into harbour to lick their wounds. A few lame ducks never recovered. Others were deliberately wrecked and their cargoes sold by unscrupulous dealers. The growing port gained a notorious reputation and a flock of worn-out windjammers. Several are still stuck in the Stanley harbour mud. But time and tide and two pernicious sea worms, the teredo and the gribble, have hastened their demise and in many cases their crumbling woodwork has all but disappeared.
This issue depicts some of those vessels which finished their days beached along the Falklands’ shorelines. They remain an integral part of the Islands’ history and a reminder of the salty men who sailed in them.
(The name given on the stamp is wrong, it must be the ACTAEON.)

Built as a wooden cargo vessel in 1838 by John Harley at Miramichi, New Brunswick, Canada for W. Locketts, Liverpool.
Launched as the ACTAEON.
Tonnage 561 ton, dim. 35.4 x 8.5 x 6.1m.
Lloyd’s gives in 1839 that she was ship rigged but in all the other Lloyds Registers she is given barque rigged.
1839 The first time mentioned in Lloyds Register Her first captain is given as G. Fielding, homeport Liverpool and on a voyage from Liverpool around Cape Horn, not a destination given.
1843 Her captain given as Faulkner.
1845 Her captain given as Joseph L. Duly and underway from Liverpool to New Orleans.
1850 Her captain given as High.
The 561-ton British barque ACTAEON arrived on 22nd January 1853 under the command of Captain Robertson. 156 days out from Liverpool and bound for San Francisco laden with coal, she put back into Stanley after failing to round Cape Horn and was subsequently scuttled after survey.

Falkland Islands 2017 31p sg?, scott?
Source: Falkland Island Post. Lloyds Registers1839-1854, http://wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?116487

Clipper ship Goolwa 1864.

"During the sixties the Orient Line came to be known in Australia for the remarkable speed of its beautiful little composite clippers". A magnificent clipper ship named the Goolwa has been launched from the building yard of Messrs Hall, Footdee, Aberdeen in 1864. The vessel is 717 tons register and will be classed 13 years as at Lloyd's. She will trade between London and Adelaide, Australia, and is the property of Messrs Anderson, Thomson and Co., London. She will be commanded by Captain Johnston. The Goolwa is a composite ship and has all the new and improved apparatus for swift sailing. South Australian Register, 29th November 1866: Left Adelaide, Goolwa, ship, 717 tons, A Johnston master, for London, 6 passengers, cargo - wool hides, bark, copper & wine. South Australian Register, 28th September 1869: Deaths - John Walter Douglas, aged 28, chief officer on ship Goolwa, washed overboard off Cape Horn, homeward bound from Adelaide. South Australian Register, 13th September 1869: Goolwa, ship, 717 tons, A. Johnston, departed Adelaide for London via Port Augusta (South Australia) to load wool. cargo tiles and copper. Sydney Morning Herald, 1st August 1872: Departed Newcastle, New South Wales, Goolwa, ship Johnston, for Wallaroo, South Australia with 900 tons coal. South Australian Register, 28th April 1875: Civil action heard at Port Adelaide - cause of action arose in 1873 when capt. Johnston was in ship Goolwa. Plaintiff, Mr Wilson, said he engaged to deliver 1000 pairs of parrots to Captain Johnston, when he arrived at port Augusta to hand over last 2 or 3 cages (670 pairs) the ship was gone and birds, in consequence of exposure, died. Mr Wilson claimed captain Johnston had told him the ship would leave on October 20th and that he was there on October 11th to deliver them. Captain Johnston claimed he had set no date for last delivery of birds, but had tried to contact Mr Wilson before sailing. Magistrate found for Captain Johnston. South Australian Register, 31st January 1880: Port Adelaide Police Court - R. W. Farquhar, steward, was charged by J. T. Torkelson, master of ship Goolwa, of refusing duty between 28th December and January 5th. He alleged steward would not weigh out flour to the crew, but estimated and on several occassions steward refused request to clean the cabin and told master to do it himself. Ordered to be imprisoned until rising of the court and to forfeit 5 days pay. Sydney Morning Herald, 3rd July 1880: Goolwa, ship, arrived London 30th June from Adelaide, 2nd March. South Australian Register, 16th April 1884: Adelaide Police Court - Capt. J. T. Torkelson stated his ship Goolwa belonged London and arrived at port Adelaide 3rd April. He alleged cook and steward had embezzled spirits, wines, beer and preserves valued at £3 from ship's stores. 2nd Officer at 12o'clock previous Saturday night had discovered them intoxicated near spirit locker, which was inspected and found to have been broken open. They were also seen trying to sell liquor to The Criterion Hotel. Sentenced to 12 weeks imprisonment. Clipper Goolwa was a hard driven fast ship in the Adelaide trade. She diappeared from the register in 1880. The design stamp is made after painting of William Foster.
Cameroun 2016;300f.SG?
Source:http://www.aberdeenships.com/single.asp?offset=1150&index=100158 http://www.19thcenturyshipportraitsinpr ... gd-oc.html
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