TAN SUO YI HAO research vessel

This set of stamps shows the leading international achievements China has reached in the fields of science and technology.
The first depicts the five-hundred-meter aperture spherical radio telescope. The background shows the powerful functions of the telescope as a multidisciplinary research tool through the representation of neutral hydrogen, pulsars, space objects and other scientific symbols.
The second is the quantum science experiment satellite "Mo-tse", the world's first successful implementation of 1,000-kilometer level star two-way quantum distribution.
The third stamp is the Exploration scientific investigation vessel. In addition to the ship, the stamp also shows unmanned submersibles and an underwater glider.
The fourth shows the Bohai Sea Granary Science and Technology Demonstration Project, which researches and develops high-quality, high-yield advanced growing methods and crop varieties that have salt tolerance.
The fifth is the Sunway · Taihu light super computer. Located in the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, the super computer has a calculation speed of 12.54 quadrillion times a second.

China Postal web-site.

The third stamp has a maritime theme and shows us the research vessel TAN SUO YI HAO of which I found the following details.

Built as a tug- pipelayer dive support vessel under yard No 391 by Shipyard Amels B.V. Makkum the Netherlands for Blue Fish River S.A., Panama a member of the Heerema Group of companies in the Netherlands, Heerema Marine Contractors S.A. was the manager of the ship.
16 September 1983 laid down.
16 March 1984 launched as the EXPLORER II.
Tonnage 2,987 grt, 2,524 dwt, dim. 82.0 x 18.3 x 8.0m., length bpp. 73.5m, draught maximum 6.91m.
Powered by four Wärtsilä type Vasa 6R32 in-line engines, each 2,205 kW powering two Lips c.p. nozzle propellers, speed 12 knots.
Fitted out with an Eager Beaver trencher digger and has a dynamic positioning system.
The ships superstructure is placed forward to have plenty of deck space aft and storage space for ROVs. Carried an aluminium landing platform for a Bell helicopter
27 June 1984 completed.

September 1991 sold to Northern Ocean Service Ltd., Cayman Islands, renamed NORTHERN EXPLORER.
1998 Managed by ETPM Deepsea in Aberdeen, Scotland.
2000 ETPM was taken over by Stolt Offshore, Aberdeen and renamed SEAWAY EXPLORER.
2003 Stolt Offshore got in financial trouble and the SEAWAY EXPLORER was sold to the China National Offshore Oil Corporation and renamed HAI YANG SHI YOU 299.

2013 Transferred to Institute of Deep-Sea-Science & Engineering (IDSSE) in Sanya, Hainan Province and renamed TAN SUO YI HAO.
She was lengthened by the Chengxi Shipyard in Guangzhou and refitted in a research vessel. After a 13 month modification her details are now.
Tonnage 5,073 grt, 2,448 dwt, length 94.45m.
Accommodation for a crew of 60 including 39 scientists
Equipped with laboratories, data processing and information centres. Carried a Haidou ARV which can dive to a depth of 11,000 meters, a Tianya and Haijiao deep-sea landers, an ocean floor seismometer.
Her maiden voyage was in 2017 to the Mariana Trench, during her 52 day voyage she conducted 84 research projects.
2018 In service, same name and owner. IMO No 8315451.

Source: Marine News. Wikipedia. http://www.miramarshipindex.nz Various internet sites.
China 2017 1.20f sg?, scott? (Two photos of the ship, one under the name EXPLORER II the second what the Chinese have made of her after 33 years.)

HMS Britannia (1682)

Charles II’ s magnificent flagship was a 100 gun 3-decked line of battleship. Built in Chatham, England, and launched in 1682, the Britannia was the biggest ship of Charles II’s Thirty-Ship program. She was originally designed (by Sir Phineas Pett II) with a beam 16” in excess of its specifications in order to balance a heightened main battery. The Admiralty rejected the increased beam width, although they held the battery at its new level. It was not until her commissioning several years later, when, loaded with weaponry, it was discovered that Britannia was too top heavy to fight. She was withdrawn from service for modification and returned, refitted with a girdle of fir. It increased her beam from 47’ 4” to 48’ 8”. (Pett’s original sixteen inches).
Gracefully reflecting the cavalier era of the late seventeenth century, this magnificent 100-gun battleship of King Charles II is depicted on the picture of artist James A Flood, when “Britannia” under the command of Lord Russel, seeking the French fleet in 1692 following the Battle of Barfleur.
In 1692, Britannia became Lord Russell’s Flagship under William & Mary and engaged in direct combat with the prized French Flagship Soleil-Royal (serving under Conte de Tourville). Outnumbered and fatigued, the French were forced to retire. Heavily pursued by the British, most of their fleet, including Soleil-Royal, were forced ashore, destroyed, and burnt. The battle was more than a victory for the British; it marked a pivotal point for the French, whose sea power fell into a decline that would continue into the following century. And so it was that Britannia, although having only once engaged in such fevered battle, landed a role that would establish her placement among the British Navy’s most famous warships. In 1705 she took on board Charles III of Spain, when on her way to Catalonia . In 1715, Britannia was ordered to be taken to pieces and rebuilt at Woolwich Dockyard, from where she relaunched on 30 October 1719, again as a 100-gun first rate. Britannia was placed on harbour service in 1745, and was broken up in 1749. She was captained from 1734 to 1736 by Sir Tancred Robinson. The design stamp is made after painting of James A Flood: «Britannia Chasing the French».

Burundi 2017;450f. Sources:wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Britannia_(1682). http://www.jamesaflood.com/britfrench.html

ATLAS topsail schooner 1908

Four–masted schooner ATLAS was built for coastal trade in Bath, Maine, in 1908 and named BERTHA L DOWNS. She was purchased in 1923 by a minor Åland shipping company headed by Captain Arthur Andersson, who also commanded her until 1927. This vessel was more prosperous, carrying timber in the Baltic and North Seas.
Allan Palmer has illustrated the vessel sailing close-hauled in the North Sea on her way to England. In the background we even spot a British smack. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smack_(ship)
ATLAS was sold to Estonian ship-owners in 1931 and Arthur Andersson’s company turned to steam ships.

Built by Edward W Hyde on the former shipyard of the New England Co.at Bath Maine, USA. for Benedict-Manson Marine Co., New Haven Conn.
Launched as the BERTHA L DOWNS
Tonnage 716 gross, 606 net, dim.58.40 x (53.47 bpp) x 11.30 x 4.32m.
Topsail schooner rigged.
1908 completed, homeport New Haven Conn.

Her first captain was Robert T. Wells.
1916 Sold to Denmark, not an owner given. If she was then renamed most probably yes.
1923 Sold to Arthur Andersson, captain owner, Mariahamn, Aland Islands. At that time she carried the name ATLAS.
Lloyds Registry 1931 still give him as owner.
1932 Sold to K. Jurnas, Pärna on Hiiumaa Island, Estonia, not renamed.
It is given that she was fitted out at that time with an auxiliary oil engine, make and power not given.
She survived World War II.
Lloyds Registry 1945 give that K.Jurnas was still the owner
1948 Scrapped at Kiel, Germany.
Conway’s History of the Ship series of books, which are more interesting for ship model builders has a book on the BERTHA L DOWNS.

Source Åland Post. Lloyds Registry. Four Masted Schooners of the East Coast by Paul C. Morris.
Åland Islands 2018 Local Post sg?, scott? .

ALBANIA built 1884

The growth of the Åland fleet in the early 1900s was mainly satisfied with secondhand tonnage. From 1880 to 1914,around 200 wooden vessels were procured to Åland. Large barques and frigates from Nova Scotia and Norway dominated.

BUILT IN 1884 IN ST JOHN,
Canada, full-rigged frigate ALBANIA was the largest wooden sailing vessel in Finland when imported to Åland in 1903. She had two captains during her time under Åland flag. Gustaf Erikson, later to become one of the greatest ship owners in Åland, was captain during her last three years. Already
at the time of purchase, ALBANIA was old and in need of repair and she turned out to be a
bad deal. Arriving in leaking condition, she was sold in Rio de Janeiro in 1908. On the stamp, we see her heading south in hard weather conditions in the Atlantic Ocean perhaps navigated by artist Allan Palmer’s grandfather, who was a deck officer on ALBANIA?

The ALBANIA was built in 1884 by O. Pittfield in St John N.B., Canada for Taylor Bross also in St John.
Launched as the ALBANIA.
Tonnage 1438 ton, dim. 62.39 x 12.04 x 7.37m.
Full rigged ship.

Till she was sold to Åland owners owned by Taylor Bross.
One of the voyages she made from New York to Yokohama, you can read on the URL below, at that time she had a crew of 20.
https://www.cnrs-scrn.org/northern_mari ... 23to39.pdf

Sold in 1903 to Åland, not renamed, and can’t find an owner.
1906 Gustaf Erikson became captain of the ship, but he was not the owner.

1908 Sold to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Thereafter she disappears and her fate is not known so far.

Source: Åland Post. Various internet sites.
2018 Aland Island sg?, scott?.

UNITED NATIONS TRANSPORTATION

In 1997 the United Nations issued five stamps in the series transportation, with ships on it, most probably heavily stylized designs.

From the left to the right are depict:

A sailing clipper vessel. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clipper

A paddle steamer. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paddle_steamer

A passenger liner, the funnel is that of the British Cunard Line comparing with photo’s she is partly designed after the RMS QUEEN ELIZABETH delivered in 1940. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8459

A hovercraft. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hovercraft

A hydrofoil passenger vessel. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrofoil

United Nations (New York) 1997 32c sg 729/733, scott 709/713.

A HISTORY OF OCEAN GOING VESSELS Sierra Leone 1996

This sheet issued by Sierra Leone issued in 1996 shows us the following ship types:
From left to right, top row.
The designs are taken from Churchman’s cigarettes cards

Greek war galley from 4th century BC. (trireme) see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12113&p=13049#p13049

Roman war galley 50 AD. The design is more a stylized design of a galley, with this bow and stern I can’t find any likeness with images on the net or in my books other than on this Churchman cigarette card.

Viking ship 9th century A.D. see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10360&p=10855&hilit=viking+longboat#p10855

Flemish carrack, not a specific ships type for Flanders (Belgium) only that she was owned in Flanders. see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10705&p=11298&hilit=carrack#p11298
The Flemish painter W.A.(1470).Full name unknown, made a drawing of a Flemish carrack. This type of ship was used in the whole Mediterranean and northern countries.

Merchant man 16th century. A fluyt or carrack was in the 16th century a common ships type used in the merchant service.

Tudor warship in the 16th century, King Henry VIII of England did have a fleet of warships of which two are well known the MARY ROSE and GREAT HARRY both are on many stamps.

Elizabethan galleon in the 17th century: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7411&p=7407&hilit=elizabethan+galleon#p7407

Dutch man of war 17th century, one of the most famous was the DE ZEVEN PROVINCIEN 1665-1694.
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7697&p=11294&hilit=de+zeven+provincien#p11294

Maestrale (Mistral) Maltase galley 16th century.
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7128&p=15663&hilit=maltese+galley#p15663
Mistral see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mistral_(wind)

Sierra Leone 1996 sg 2623/2631 scott 1923ª/1923i.

Continental Navy

The Continental Navy was the navy of the United States during the American Revolutionary War, and was formed in 1775. The fleet cumulatively became relatively substantial through the efforts of the Continental Navy's patron John Adams and vigorous Congressional support in the face of stiff opposition, when considering the limitations imposed upon the Patriot supply pool. The main goal of the navy was to intercept shipments of British matériel and generally disrupt British maritime commercial operations. The initial fleet consisted of converted merchantmen because of the lack of funding, manpower, and resources, with exclusively designed warships being built later in the conflict. The vessels that successfully made it to sea met with success only rarely, and the effort contributed little to the overall outcome of the war. The fleet did serve to highlight a few examples of Continental resolve, notably launching Captain John Barry into the limelight. It provided needed experience for a generation of officers who went on to command conflicts which involved the early American navy. Since the outbreak of open hostilities with the British in April, little consideration had been given to protection by sea until Congress received news that a British naval fleet was on its way. In November, the Continental Navy was formally organized, and in December Esek Hopkins was appointed the first commander-in-chief of the Continental Navy. His first fleet consisted of seven ships: two 24-gun frigates, the Alfred and the Columbus; two 14-gun brigs, the Andrea Doria and the Cabot; and three schooners, the Hornet, the Wasp, and the Fly. During the American Revolution, the Continental Navy successfully preyed on British merchant shipping and won several victories over British warships. On the stamp, the artist depicted one of these victories. There are many paintings on the American Revolution. For example, a picture depicting the cruiser of the Navy of Virginia, Captain Barron, taking the British naval brig HMS Oxford, is displayed in the Navy Art Gallery in Washington Navy Yard. After being disbanded for several years, the United States Navy was formally established with the creation of the Department of the Navy in April 1798.
Mali 2017;650f.
Source: http://www.history.com/this day in history/continental navy established; wikipedia.org/wiki/Continental_Navy
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