ALBERT SCHWEITZER + dugout

The stamp shows us ALBERT SCHWEITZER https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Schweitzer in a dugout on the Ogooue River in Lambaréné, Gabon.

A dugout canoe is a craft fashioned from a log by hollowing out the centre to make it lighter and more buoyant and to provide a place to sit or stand. The dugout is used in most parts of the world where suitable trees are available. Hew out by an adze, stone, bone or ivory sharped tool or burned out.

Source: Internet and http://www.postzegelontwerpen.nl
Netherland 1975 50c sg?, scott?

MOSKVA (121) cruiser

Built as a cruiser by 61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant (SY 445), Nikolayev for the Soviet Union Navy.
04 October 1976 laid down.
1979 Launched as the SLAVA, two sisters.
Displacement 12,490 ton full load, dim. 186.4 x 20.8 x 8.4m. (draught)
Powered by four COGOG gas turbines, 121,000 shp., twin shafts, speed 32 knots.
Range by a speed of 16 knots10,000 mile.
Armament: 1 – 2 AU AK-130 guns, 6 – 6 ZU AK-630 AA guns. 8 – 2 PU PKRK P-1000 Volcano missile launchers, 8 – 8 PU of the S-300F S “Fort”. 2 – 2 Osa-MA misile defence systems. 2 RBU-6000 antisubmarine weapons. 2 – five tube 533mm torpedo tubes.
Carried 1 KA-27 helicopter.
Crew 480.
30 January 1983 commissioned as a unit of the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol.

MOSKVA (Russian: Москва — "Moscow", formerly SLAVA (Russian: Слава — "Glory")) is the lead ship of the Project 1164 Atlant class of guided missile cruisers in the Russian Navy.
The ship is currently named for the city of Moscow.
History
SLAVA was laid down in 1976 in Shipyard 445 of the 61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant in Mykolaiv, was launched in 1979, and commissioned on 30 January 1983.
SLAVA played a role in the Malta Summit (2-3 December 1989) between Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush. She was used by the Soviet delegation, while the US delegation had their sleeping quarters aboard USS BELKNAP. The ships were anchored in a roadstead off the coast of Marsaxlokk. Stormy weather and choppy seas resulted in some meetings being cancelled or rescheduled, and gave rise to the moniker the "Seasick Summit" among international media. In the end, the meetings took place aboard MAXIM GORKY, a Soviet cruise ship anchored in the harbor at La Valletta.
SLAVA returned to Mykolaiv in December 1990 for a refit but was not returned to service until April 2000.
As MOSKVA
Recommissioned as MOSKVA (121) on 16 April 2000, she replaced the Kynda-class cruiser ADMIRAL GOLOYKO as the flagship of the Black Sea Fleet.
In early April 2003, MOSKVA, along with PYTLIKYand SMETLIYY, and a landing ship departed Sevastopol for exercises in the Indian Ocean with a Pacific Fleet task group (MARSHAL SHAPOSHNIKOV and ADMIRAL PANTELEYEV) and the Indian NavyThe force was supported by the Project 1559V tanker IVAN BUBNOV van Bubnov and the Project 712 ocean-going tug SHAKTER.
In August 2008, in response to the Georgian crisis, MOSKVA was deployed to secure the Black Sea. After Russia's recognition of Abkhazia's independence, the ship was stationed at the Abkhazian capital, Sukhum.
On 3 December 2009, MOSKVA was laid up for a month at floating dock PD-30 for a scheduled interim overhaul which comprised replacement of cooling and other machinery, reclamation work at bottom and outboard fittings, propulsion shafts and screws, clearing and painting of bottom and above-water parts of the ship's hull.
In April 2010 it was reported that the cruiser would join other navy units in the Indian Ocean to conduct exercises. In August 2013 the cruiser visited Havana, Cuba.
In late August 2013, the cruiser was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea in response to the build-up of American warships along the coast of Syria. During the 2014 Crimean Crisis, MOSKVA was responsible for blockading the Ukrainian fleet in Donuzlav Lake. Since the end of September 2015, while in eastern Mediterranean, the cruiser is charged with the air defences for the Russian aviation group based near the Syrian town of Latakia that conducts the air campaign in Syria. On 25 November 2015, after the 2015 Russian Sukhoi Su-24 shootdown, it was reported that MOSKVA, armed with the S-300F surface-to-air missile system, would be deployed near the coastal Syria-Turkey border. In 2016, she was replaced by sister ship VARYAG in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
On July 22, 2016 Guards Missile Cruiser MOSKVA was awarded order of Nakhimov.
2017 In active service.

Source: Wikipedia.
Sierra Leone 2017 Le9800 sg?, scott?

BAYEUX TAPESTERY detail shipbuilding.

This stamp shows us a detail of shipbuilding depict on the Bayeux Tapestry.

The five men working over the nearly completed pair of ships raise questions. The two shipwrights in the foreground, hammering nails, are bearded; and so in the art form utilized in the Tapestry to portray with stereotypes they could be Englishmen. If so, then William had perhaps more support in England itself than has been accepted. If he knew that the commoners were divided in their opinions about him, it would have given encouragement in the belief that his enterprise actually was practical of success.
Some of these ships are built to use oars, some are without oar tholes. It is doubtful that most of William's 700-odd ships were actually built. Normandy's forests would have been seriously denuded of trees. The bulk of them must have been commandeered by the duke from ports in his own and his vassals' lands, and borrowed from his allies of Boulogne, Brittany and Flanders. But the ships building here certainly catch the eye - while a scene of some Norman requisitioning ships would hardly appeal.
A little detail I wonder at here is the shaping axe used by the right-hand figure (straddling the plank): it is the same "tool" as that in the hands of my executioner (just before the "Aelfgyva" figure in the lower margin). Would such an instrument evolve into the headsman's axe? The length of blade would make missing a decapitating stroke less likely. But the blade would have to be deepened to reach all the way through the neck without striking the shaft. (I would have interpreted the "executioner" as a carpenter, except for his nakedness and the mask.)
Some of the ships have figureheads and others do not. But all of these finished ships have oar tholes. In fact, out of the 24 depicted vessels of the Norman fleet 13 of them are so equipped. But none are showing oars being used in any of the following scenes. The crews depend on sail power alone. As earlier noted (when Harold was making his Channel crossing to Ponthieu) the oars seem to be used mainly for maneuvering only in coastal waters.

http://www.angelfire.com/rnb/bayeux_tap ... 25_27.html
Denmark 1970 50 Ore sg 521, scott473.

SAN ANTONIO (LPD-17)

Built as an amphibious transport dock under yard no 2484 by Northrop Grumman Systems at Avondale for the USA Navy.
09 December 2000 laid down.
12 July 2003 launched as the USS SAN ANTONIO (LPD-17).
Displacement 18,000 standard, 25,000 full load, dim. 208.5 x 31.9 x 7m. (draught). Bpp. 201.4m.
Powered by four Colt-Pielstick diesel engines, 40,000 hp, twin shafts, speed 22 knots.
Armament: 2 – 30mm Bushmaster II cannons, for surface threat defence; MK46 30mm GDLS. 2 – Rolling Airframe Missile launchers for air defence. Carried aircraft or helicopters, 4 – MH-60S Seahawk (Knighthawk) helicopters or 2 – MV-22 tilt rotor aircraft may be launched or recovered simultaneously.
Carried craft, two LCAC’s (air cushion) or 1 LCI (conventional).
Accommodation for 699, maximum 800 troops and 363 crew.
14 January 2006 commissioned.

USS SAN ANTONIO (LPD-17), the lead ship of her class of amphibious transport dock or landing platform dock, is the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the city of San Antonio, Texas. The ship is designed to deliver up to 800 U.S. Marines ashore by landing craft and helicopters.
Improvements
SAN ANTONIO is the first U.S. Navy vessel to incorporate new crew comfort features, including bunks with increased headroom, in-rack fans, and pull-out laptop computer shelves. She is also the largest U.S. Navy vessel to incorporate stealth features, with close attention paid to exterior shaping.
Major antennae are mounted on platforms inside two Advanced Enclosed Mast/Sensor systems rather than on traditional mast yardarms which are exposed to the environment.
Deck edges are bounded by shaped bulwarks rather than lifeline stanchions. These bulwarks are hollow and double as storage lockers, eliminating locker clutter on decks.
Exterior equipment is recessed or flush-mounted where possible, giving the ship a clean exterior appearance. Any equipment that cannot be flush-mounted (such as ladders) incorporate shaping features of their own.
The boat-handling crane at the center of the ship folds into a clean shape when not in use.[4]
The anchor and anchor pocket are shaped to minimize radar backscatter.
Construction and commissioning
The construction contract was awarded on 17 December 1996 to Northrop Grumman Ship Systems of New Orleans, Louisiana and the keel was laid down on 9 December 2000. The ship was launched on 12 July 2003 and christened on 19 July by Texas Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison. She was originally scheduled to be commissioned 17 July 2002, but was delayed by poor performance at the Avondale shipyard, which resulted in her being towed from New Orleans to the Northrop Grumman shipyard at Pascagoula, Mississippi, in December 2004 for completion. The ship was unable to move under her own power at that time, despite having been christened more than a year earlier.
The crew took delivery and moved aboard three days before Hurricane Katrina hit in August 2005. Work was delayed further when the ship became a base for regional relief efforts, including accommodations for some shipyard workers, the National Guard, Navy diving and salvage personnel and government officials. The ship's final cost was $840 million over budget.
The ship arrived in her homeport of Norfolk, Virginia on 18 December 2005. The ship was finally commissioned 14 January 2006, at NS Ingleside, Texas under the command of Captain Jonathan M. Padfield. Guest speakers included former U.S. President George H. W. Bush. Senator Hutchison, the ship's sponsor, gave the crew the customary first command, "Man our ship, and bring her to life!"
2009 mission
In 2009, USS SAN ANTONIO served as a flagship for Combined Task Force 151, the multi-national anti-piracy naval force off Somalia. The ship acted as an Afloat Forward Staging Base (AFSB) for the following force elements:
14-member U.S. Navy visit, board, search and seizure (VBSS) team.
8-member U.S. Coast Guard Law Enforcement Detachment (LEDET) 405.
Scout Sniper Platoon, 2nd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment, 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (26 MEU) cross-decked from USS IWO JIMA.
3rd platoon of the 26 MEU 'Golf' Infantry Company, a military police detachment, and intelligence personnel
Fleet Surgical Team 8 with level-two surgical capability to deal with trauma, surgical, critical care and medical evacuation needs
Approximately 75 Marines with six AH-1W Super Cobra and two UH-1N Huey helicopters from the Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 264 (HMM-264) of the 26th MEU cross-decked from USS Iwo Jima.
Three HH-60H helicopters from Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron 3 (HS-3) cross-decked from USS THEODORE ROOSEVET.
During the ship's time off Africa, the crew boarded 20 foreign vessels. The crew discovered hidden explosives on one of the vessels. The ship returned to Norfolk on 27 March 2009
2012 award
In March 2012, the ship was awarded the Navy's Battle Effectiveness award. In winning the award, SAN ANTONIO beat out four other amphibious ships, and will have a big "E" painted on her superstructure.
August 2013 deployment
In late August 2013 Washington confirmed that SAN ANTONIO had entered into the eastern Mediterranean Sea. They stressed it was a long-planned action and not related to the arrival of destroyers which had been stationed there due to the conflict in Syria, but officials thought it prudent to keep the ship near the destroyers given the situation. In early October 2013, Al Qaeda operative Abu Anas al-Libi was seized in Libya and then transferred to SAN ANTONIO to await transport to the United States for a trial and questioning.
2016 deployment
On 12 October 2016, SAN ANTONIO and the destroyer MASON were transiting through the southern end of the Red Sea when missiles were fired against them from Houthi-controlled territory in Yemen. Neither ship was harmed. In response to the attack on MASON and SAN ANTONIO, the destroyer NITZE launched five cruise missiles against three radar sites in Yemen that U.S. officials believe targeted the U.S. ships.
On 21 October 2016, Stars and Stripes reported that SAN ANTONIO deployed to the Mediterranean Sea as part of Operation Odyssey Lightning to replace WASP which was carrying out operations against ISIS. SAN ANTONIO carried UH-1 Y Hueys and AH-1 W Cobras from the 22nd MEU’s Aviation Combat Unit, VMM-264; Marine Harrier fighters were part of the operation aboard WASP.
Ship's coat of arms
The colors of the shield and star are adapted from the Texan state flag. The star also commemorates the "Lone Star" and first ship to bear the name SAN ANTONIO. Red is the color for valor and sacrifice, blue is for loyalty and white, purity of purpose. The Alamo honors the men who were killed fighting for the independence of Texas from Mexico. The bluebonnets refer to the beauty and majesty of Texas and the olive branch highlights the ship's peacekeeping mission. The trident and cannon represent the old and new weaponry. The cannonballs and nineteenth century cannon were similar weapons used by the brave men that defended the Alamo. The trident, symbol of sea prowess, also represents the "mobility triad" that USS SAN ANTONIO is built for. The crossed Navy and Marine Corps swords represent cooperation and teamwork of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps.
Criticism
Nearly three years after commissioning, problems persisted with this first-in-class vessel. On 27 January 2006, a contract worth over $6 million was awarded to Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding, for the Post-Shakedown Availability of USS SAN ANTONIO. Work was expected to be completed by April 2007. On 22 June 2007, Secretary of the Navy Donald C....

BOTTER YARD at SPAKENBURG, Netherlands

The Netherlands issued in 2002 a sheet with stamps of the Industrial Heritage of the country, one stamp has a maritime theme.

It shows us the botter-yard of Scheepswerf Nieuwboer in Spakenburg on the stamp is given the year 1669, but already in 1583 it is given that some shipbuilding took place there. Some botters are depict on the stamp, the depicted botters are not identified. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10692&p=11282&hilit=botter#p11282

For centuries the botter-yard determines the view of Spakenburg. For a long time Spakenburg was a centre of a fishing fleet, fishing on the Zuiderzee (now Ijsselmeer) many botters were built and maintained there.
1829 The yard was bought by the Nieuwboer family which till 1992 were the owners.
But after the Zuiderzee was closed with a dike in 1932 (Afsluitdijk) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afsluitdijk First fishing in the new formed Ijsselmeer remained, also repair on the existing fleet, but slowly the fish stock decreased with less work in the fishing industry. Repairs on the vessels decreased and newbuilding came to a standstill.
In the sixties the tide turned when lovers for old wooden ships were attracted to the botter as a pleasure craft and repair work for the yard on the existing botters came forward, even newbuilding took place.
But the work was insufficient for the yard to proceed in the end.
1992 The botter-yard was transferred to the Foundation Botter Yard Spakenburg, who restored the yard to her old glory and that it is properly maintained.

The URL below has a story on the botters and shipyard
http://www.cometosea.us/albums/Publicat ... WB2012.pdf

Netherland 2002 0.39Euro sg?, scott?
Sources various websites.

BRONZE AGE vessel

Denmark issued in 1970 a stamp of 30 ore which shows us a ship of that time from a gravure from a knife of a Bronze Age.

At the beginning of the Bronze Age – around 1700 BC – a rich visual art arose in Scandinavia. The most common motif was the ship. On one of the two ceremonial swords from Rørby in western Zealand we see for the first time one of the Bronze Age ships sailing off. The ship had a tall, inward-curving prow and stern. The crew are shown as lines. The custom of depicting ships spread quickly over a wide area. Similar ships were carved into stones. Rock carvings with the ship as a motif have been found on Bornholm. In Sweden they have also been found in Scania in the south and occur as far north as Uppland, with the northernmost examples located in the Trøndelag region in Norway.

http://en.natmus.dk/historical-knowledg ... ronze-age/
Denmark 1970 30 Ore sg 520, scott 472.

BEURS VAN AMSTERDAM 1826

Built as a wooden hulled screw steamer on a yard in Amsterdam for the Amsterdamsche Stoomboot Maatschappij, Amsterdam in 1826, the name of the yard I could not find.
1825 Laid down.
04 August 1825 launched under the name (DE) BEURS VAN AMSTERDAM.
Tonnage 352 gross ton, dim. 40.30 x 5.73 x 3.43m.
Steam engine manufactured by Maudslay & Co., London 120 nhp., speed ?. (English sources give built as a paddle steamer.)
Accommodation for 70 passengers.
Nov. 1826 delivered to owners.

She was built for the fortnightly service between Amsterdam and London.
In 1827, earned on freight and passage Fl 47.869 and her expenses were F 47.540, so a little profit was made.
1828 She had made 16 round voyages between Amsterdam and London.
1830 Transferred to the Baltic for a service between Lübeck and St Petersburg, with a complement of 22 men.
1830/31 During the Belgian uprising called back to the Netherlands and used as transport vessel for the Dutch Government.
Thereafter in the service between Rotterdam and Dunkirk.
1832 Again transport vessel for the Dutch Government.

01 Sept. 1833 during a severe gale on a voyage to Dunkirk, driven on the beach near Cadzand, Netherlands, after the gale she was in a position high and dry on the beach. Cargo discharged and engines dismantled and taken out of the vessel. The local fishermen after digging a cannel to sea refloated the vessel again. Was towed to Middelburg and then to Amsterdam for repairs and replacing of the engines.
After her repair used in the service between Amsterdam to Hamburg.
Was also used in some summer cruises from Hamburg to Helgoland.
She was used until 1848/49 in this service, and her engines built in a new paddle-steamer DE STOOMVAART which was built in 1849 at Amsterdam for the Amsterdamsche Stoomboot Maatschappij.

January 1849 sold to Geo. Fr. Egidius, Amsterdam and converted in a sailing cargo vessel, rigged as a three-masted barque for the timber trade from North Europa, her conversion took most probably place at the Vredehof yard on the Kadijk in Amsterdam. Not renamed.

1867 Sold to Basberg & Co., Svelvik, Norway and renamed BEURS.

31 May 1849 on a voyage from Riga loaded with timber bound for the Netherlands is the BEURS by Svalverort near the south cape of the Osel Island (Saarema) in a position 60 mile off Riga stranded and lost.

She had a strange name when translated, it is the PURSE FROM AMSTERDAM, the stock exchange in Amsterdam is named the Beurs, maybe she got her name from there. The stamp is designed after a painting made by Cornelius and Peter Suhr, and the BEURS VAN AMSTERDAM is seen steaming off the German island Helgoland.

Source: http://www.marhisdata.nl/main.php?to_page=schip&id=8140
Paraguay 1977 1Gs sg?, scott 1764a
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