Abandoned slaves Tromelin Island

Tromelin Island, or Île de Tromelin, is a low, flat, uninhabited island that is a part of the Îles Éparses (Scattered Islands) archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean, about 280 miles (450 km) east of Madagascar. On November 17, 1760, the retired French warship Utile sailed out of the harbor at Bayonne in southwestern France and headed for Mauritius or Île De France, as it was then called. In July 1761, the Utile reached Madagascar and dropped anchor to replenish supplies. At that time, France was in the midst of fighting the Seven Years' War with Great Britain, and the governor of Île de France was expecting an attack at any moment from India. Even though the governor had banned the import of slaves at the time, fearing food shortages if there was a siege, the captain of the Utile , Commander La Fargue, brought on board at least 150 Malagasy slaves anyway.
With its illegal cargo, the Utile then departed Madagascar and set sail east for Île de France. Sometime shortly thereafter, the ship was caught in a violent storm. Blown off course by the bad weather, the ship wrecked on the submerged coral reef which breaks ground as Tromelin Island. One of the contemporary gazettes described the shipwreck: “Traversing a host of dangers, most of the crew succeeded in reaching the island. Almost all were injured, maimed, and covered in bruises; they were specters rather than men.
At the beginning of their exile, the 122 survivors, sailors and slaves, salvaged wood from the wreck as well as whatever tools and supplies they could find. They built a forge and dug two wells, the “thick, white, milky liquid from the first proving to be toxic.” (ibid). At least, food proved not to be a problem. The survivors trapped and ate sea birds and caught one of the 500-kilo sea turtles that lived on the island.
Just two months after the wreck, the survivors managed to build a raft. The shipwreck victims named the raft “Providence;” however, the raft was not big enough to accommodate all the survivors. It could carry the Frenchmen, but it could not accommodate the 60 slaves. So, the French sailors boarded hopefully, arms around each other so they could all fit, with a small amount of food. About 60 men and women, all slaves, were left on the island, with a “writ testifying to their services” and a promise from the Frenchmen that they would return and rescue them. The Governor of the Ile de France was so angry a the captain of the Utile for disobeying him that he refused to send a ship to Tromelin Island to rescue the abandoned slavesThe governor of Île de France was an official of the French East India Company and had banned slave importation, and despite the pleas from the French gentlemen and sailors of the Utile and the arguments of several local dignitaries in favor of the rescue, he refused. After waiting in vain for rescue for two years, the desperate survivors built a raft, and 18 of them sailed for home. No one knows if they ever reached land. In 1773 or 1774, when the shipwreck victims were long forgotten, a passing ship spotted signs of life on Île des Sables. Upon this news, the new governor of Île de France—who was more humane than his predecessor, having been appointed by the King of France and not the French East India Company—dispatched the vessel Sauterelle to the rescue. But it failed in its attempts to approach the little coral island, surrounded by waters 13,000 feet (4,000 meters) deep. Two sailors headed for shore in a canoe but smashed up against a reef. One sailor managed to swim back to the ship, the other was left on the island. According to the women who were later finally rescued, the sailor and the last three male survivors then built a raft. The four men, with three of the women, sailed away from the island. They were never seen again. On November 29, 1776, the Chevalier de Tromelin commanded the corvette La Dauphine to the island and found there eight survivors of the wreck of the Utile : an eight-month-old baby boy, his mother and grandmother, and five other women. La Dauphine carried the women and baby back to Île de France, where they were questioned about their ordeal by French officials. The governor insisted that the castaways were not slaves but free people, since they had been bought illegally in the first place. He even adopted the family of three and named the baby boy Jacques Moïse. Sometime after the rescue, the island name of Île des Sables was changed to honor the Chevalier de Tromelin for his brave search and rescue efforts and, since then, the island has been called Île de Tromelin, or Tromelin Island.
TAAF 2017;1,55е.


Built as an amphibious assault ship by the Huntington Ingalls Industries, Pascagoula, MS for the USA Navy.
01 June 2007 ordered.
17 July 2009 laid down.
04 June 2012 launched as the USS AMERICA (LHA-6).
20 October 2012 christened by Lynne Pace.
Displacement 45,693 ton full load. Dim. 257 x 32 x 7.9m. (draught).
Powered by two marine gas turbines, 70,000 shp (52,000 kW), twin shafts, speed +22 knots.
Armament 2 – Rolling Airframe missiles launchers, 2 – Evolved Sea Sparrow missile launchers, 2 – 20mm Phalanx CIWS mounts, 7 – 50 BMG M.G.
Aircraft carries: AV-8B Harrier II, MV-22B Osprey, F-35B Lighting II, CH-53K Super Stallion, UH-1Y Venom, AH-1Z Viper and MH-605 Knighthawk.
Crew 65 Officers, 994 enlisted. 1,687 Mariners (plus 184 surge).
10 April 2014 acquired.
11 October 2014 commissioned. Homeport San Diego, California, building cost $3.4 billion.

USS AMERICA (LHA-6), the fourth American warship to be named for the United States of AMERICA, is the first of the America -class amphibious assault ships for the U.S. Navy. She was delivered in spring of 2014, replacing PELELIU of the Tarawa class. Her mission is to act as the flagship of an expeditionary strike group or amphibious ready group, carrying part of a Marine expeditionary unit into battle and putting them ashore with helicopters and V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft, supported by F-35B Lightning II aircraft and helicopter gunships.
The ship's design is based on USS MAKIN ISLAND, but to allow more room for aviation facilities she does not have a well deck, and has smaller medical spaces. With a displacement of 45,000 tons, she is as large as the aircraft carriers of many other nations, and can fulfill similar missions when configured with 20 F-35B strike fighters.
The design is based on that of USS MAKIN ISLAND (LHD-8), itself an improved version of the Wasp-class amphibious assault ship. Approximately 45% of the Flight 0 design is based on MAKIN ISLAND, with the well deck removed to allow more room for aircraft and aviation fuel. The removal of the well deck for landing craft allows for an extended hangar deck with two significantly wider high bay areas, each fitted with an overhead crane for aircraft maintenance.
These changes were required in order to operate the F-35B and MV-22, which are considerably larger than the aircraft they replace. The typical aircraft complement is expected to be 12 MV-22B transports, six STOVL F-35B attack aircraft, four CH-53K heavy transport helicopters, seven AH-1Z/UH-1Y attack helicopters and two Navy MH-60S for air-sea rescue. The exact makeup of the ship's aircraft complement will vary according to the mission. AMERICA can carry 20 F-35B and 2 MH-60S to serve as a small aircraft carrier as demonstrated by LHD operations in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Other enhancements include a reconfigurable command and control complex, an on-board hospital, additional aviation fuel capacity (1.3 million gallons of JP-5), and numerous aviation support spaces.
AMERICA will be modified in a similar way to the modifications made on USS WASP to make her better able to withstand the great amounts of heat generated by the F-35B's engine exhaust when taking off or landing vertically. Intercostal structural members will be added underneath flight deck landing spots seven and nine to more closely perform timed cyclic flight operations without overstressing it. Other changes may involve re-adjusting some ship antennas to allow for a clear flight path. The ship will undergo a 40-week modification period where recently installed piping, lighting, and other features will be removed to weld reinforcements underneath the flight deck; the modification period would have been greater if its construction when in the shipyard had been interrupted to perform it. Such accommodations will be included in all future AMERICA-class ships from the start.
The AMERICA class has an increased aviation capacity to include an enlarged hangar deck, realignment and expansion of the aviation maintenance facilities, a significant increase in available stowage for parts and support equipment and increased aviation fuel capacity. However, the ship's design represents a major departure from past designs and has been the source of considerable controversy, as it lacks the capabilities and multi-role flexibility of traditional amphibious ships, including the ability to launch landing craft and amphibious assault vehicles, such as the AAV-7. Some have even argued that AMERICA represents a "dead end" as an amphibious ship. In fact, the Navy is building only one other ship (TRIPOLI) to the LHA-6 blueprint. At issue is the focus on aviation capabilities, at the expense of the "well deck", which is the defining feature of the amphibious fleet and allows Marine Corps amphibious operations. The Marine Corps Commandant and the Chief of Naval Operations have signed an official Memorandum of Agreement that restores the well deck to USS BOUGAINVILLE (LHA-8) and subsequent ships, while in 2015 the Commandant of the Marine Corps launched an initiative to ensure aviation platforms do not lead to an imbalance in the MAGTF.
The U.S. Navy awarded Northrop Grumman Corporation's Ingalls Shipyard Division a $2.4 billion fixed-price incentive contract for the detailed design and construction of LHA-6, primarily at the company's shipyard in Pascagoula, Mississippi. The production decision was made in January 2006 and construction of LHA-6 began in December 2008. Navy Secretary Donald C. Winter announced in June 2008 that the ship would be named AMERICA. The keel-laying ceremony was held on 17 July 2009 with delivery originally planned for August 2012. The ship was launched on 4 June 2012, and christened on 20 October. She took to the sea for the first time on 5 November 2013, for five days of builder's sea trials in the Gulf of Mexico and completed acceptance sea trials in February 2014.[
AMERICA departed in commission without ceremony from Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, on 11 July 2014 in transit to its homeport of San Diego, California. The ship earned commission status after the crew successfully completed the light-off assessment, anti-terrorism force protection certification and crew certification.
AMERICA arrived at Rio de Janeiro on 5 August, and the local press was invited to a guided visit that happened the next day. She arrived at her home port of San Diego, California on 15 September 2014.[ During transitions around South AMERICA, AMERICA's mission was to connect with regional allies, conducting joint exercises with Colombia, Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Chile, and Peru involving security and communications operations, as well as medical asset coordination and mission planning activities. The ship carried three SH-60 Seahawk helicopters of HSC-21 and four MV-22 Ospreys of VMX-22, which flew into countries and transported distinguished visitors to the ship. It is planned to embark the F-35B JSF for AMERICA's first operational deployment.
USS AMERICA was commissioned on 11 October 2014 in San Francisco as part of the activities of San Francisco Fleet Week 2014. The Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) Ray Mabus was the featured speaker.
2017 In service.

Djibouti 2016 960FD sgMS?, scott?


Built as an amphibious assault ship under yard No 7201 by the Ingalss Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, MS for the USS Navy.
10 September 1986 laid down.
For the launching I have 3 different dates: 23 February 1991, 07 January 1991 and 04 January 1991.
16 March 1991 christened by Mrs. Lynne Cheney as the USS ESSEX (LHD-2).
Displacement 27,803 light, 40,650 full load, dim. 257.3 x 32.3 x 8.5m (draught), length bpp. 240.2m.
Powered by General Electric steam turbines, 70,000 bhp., twin shafts, speed +24 knots.
Armament: RAM, NATO Sea Sparrow. MK 15 CIWS guns, 50 caliber M2HB M.G.
Carried 3 LCACs and 2 LCUs landing boats.
Aircraft: up to 36 including UH-IY Venom, AH-IZ Viper, CH-53 Super Stallion, MV-22 Osprey, MH-60 Seahawk, AV-8B Harrier.
Troop capacity 1,800.
Crew 1182.
17 October 1992 commissioned. A unit of the Pacific Fleet with home base San Diego.

USS ESSEX (LHD-2) is a United States Navy Wasp-class amphibious assault ship built at what is now Huntington Ingalls Industries in Pascagoula, Mississippi, and commissioned on 17 October 1992 while moored at North Island NAS beside USS KITY HAWK. It is the fifth ship named for ESSEX County, Massachusetts. Dick Cheney, then the Secretary of Defense in the first Bush Administration, spoke at the commissioning ceremony. ESSEX served as the command ship for Expeditionary Strike Group Seven until replaced by USS BONHOMME RICHARDS on 23 April 2012. ESSEX collided with USNS YUKON in May 2012.
ESSEX conducted a training program during the spring of 1993, and from 18 August until 23 November, was undergoing upgrades, during Post Shakedown Availability, in Long Beach harbor.
ESSEX's maiden deployment was in October 1994. With the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) embarked, ESSEX showcased her abilities on numerous occasions. The highlight of the deployment came in January 1995, when she left the Persian Gulf to prepare for the complex task of covering the withdrawal of United Nations multinational force from Somalia in Operation United Shield. Under fire from advancing Somalis, every member of the force was successfully extracted. ESSEX returned to San Diego on 25 April 1995.
After a short maintenance period, ESSEX embarked on a vigorous workup cycle, culminating in her participation in Rim of the Pacific Exercise (RIMPAC), a biennial, seven-nation naval exercise. On 10 October 1996, she embarked on her second Western Pacific deployment, with the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit (SOC) and Amphibious Squadron Five. During the deployment, ESSEX participated in multinational exercises with Qatar, Oman and Kuwait, as well as Exercise Tandem Thrust 1997, an American-Australian combined exercise with over 28,000 troops, 250 aircraft and 40 ships participating.
On her return in April 1997, ESSEX again went into a short maintenance period, followed by a shortened workup cycle. She then departed for her third Western Pacific, Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf deployment on 21 June 1998 with the 15th MEU (SOC) and Amphibious Squadron Five. ESSEX participated in Exercises Sea Soldier and Red Reef, and participated in Military SALT and Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations with the U.S. Embassy in Kuwait. Additionally, ESSEX supported Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the UN-mandated no-fly zone over southern Iraq.
On 26 July 2000, after successful completion of the largest crew swap in U.S. Navy history, ESSEX replaced USS BELLEAU WOOD and inherited the distinctive role as the Navy’s only permanently forward-deployed amphibious assault ship in United States Fleet Activities Sasebo, Japan.
In the role, ESSEX has participated in various humanitarian assistance/disaster relief operations including East Timor in October and November 2001 and Foal Eagle in Korea in 2002.
In 2004, ESSEX carried the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit (31st MEU) to Kuwait, along with USS HARPERS FERRY and USS JUNEAU. ESSEX stayed in the Persian Gulf while the 31st MEU and the combat element 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines went into Iraq for the Battle of Fallujah. During that time, ESSEX went to aid in Operation Unified Assistance in Banda Aceh, Indonesia after the St. Stephen's Day 2004 Tsunami. She then returned to the Persian Gulf to embark the 31st MEU SOC and the combat element despite being in need of maintenance. After picking up the MEU and the Combat Element, the three ships returned to Okinawa, Japan. The ship had been at sea a total of eight months.
During the 2008 Myanmar Cyclone Nargis crisis and the subsequent Operation Caring Response aid mission, USS ESSEX and her carrier group (made up of JUNEAU., HARPERS FERRY, and the destroyer USS MUSTIN ) stood by off Burma from 13 May to 5 June, waiting for the Myanmar junta government to permit US aid to its citizens. However, in early June, with permission still not forthcoming, it was decided to put the group back on its scheduled operations.
Early in 2009, ESSEX completed a successful exercise Cobra Gold, which had been cut short the previous year. ESSEX followed this with exercise Balikatan with the Republic of the Philippines. ESSEX then got underway in support of exercise Talisman Saber 2009 and conducted various welldeck and flight deck evolutions in support of this joint bi-lateral exercise between the U.S. and Australian military forces.
During 21–23 October, the ESSEX Expeditionary Strike Group provided humanitarian assistance/disaster relief to the Philippines after the Super Typhoon Juan (international name Megi) caused extensive destruction to municipalities along the eastern coast of the Province of Isabela. The crew was awarded the Humanitarian Service Medal.
On the request for assistance from the Japanese government, the Navy directed ESSEX to be deployed off the northeastern coast of Honshu after the massive 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. The ship was involved in relief activities in the Sea of Japan off Akita Prefecture. Helicopters from the ship helped deliver relief supplies to quake and tsunami survivors along the northeast coast of Tohoku.
The ship departed Sasebo in September 2011 for a patrol of the western Pacific. Accompanying the ship were the landing ships USS GERMANTOWN and USS DENVER.
In November, Petty Officer 1st Class Regan Young was fatally injured aboard ESSEX during a weapons systems test while the ship was off the coast of Bali.
ESSEX was scheduled to depart for Cobra Gold 2012, an annual exercise with Thailand. The mission was canceled, however, due to mechanical or maintenance issues. It was announced in January 2012 that ESSEX would be returning to its former home port of San Diego, California. However, the crew of ESSEX did a hull swap with BONHOMME RICHARD - i.e. the crews exchanged ships - and so their deployment to Sasebo, albeit on a different ship.
On 16 May 2012, ESSEX suffered an apparent steering failure while approaching USNS YUKON for an underway replenishment. The two ships collided causing damage to both ships. There were no injuries and no loss of fuel was reported. Both ships were able to continue to San Diego under their own power. On 19 June 2012 the Navy announced that the ship's commander, Captain Chuck Litchfield, had been relieved of command due to "loss of confidence in his ability to command."
An investigation determined that the collision was avoidable and caused by improper supervision by Litchfield over his junior bridge crew. Although ESSEX's bow had jammed, the investigation determined that better leadership by Litchfield could have prevented the collision. The investigation recommended administrative action against ESSEX's executive officer, officer-of-the-deck, conning officer and helm safety officer.
ESSEX entered...

William Kurelek painting

The Ukrainian-Canadian painter William (Wesley) Kurelek (1927-1977) was basically self-taught though he did attend art school in Toronto, Mexico, and England.
Kurelek created a six-panel master piece entitled “The Ukrainian Pioneers” in which he depicted the many hardships which faced all immigrants before and after their arrival in Canada and during the pioneer era. Four of the panels were used by Canada Post to mark the centennial of the beginning of Ukrainian mass immigration to Canada. The four 40c stamps were issued on 29 August 1991. One of the stamps (partly) shows a family aboard a ship looking at their new land. The identity of the ship is not known. Part of the deck and railing of a passenger ship is visible.
The paintings are of the collection of the National Gallery of Canada.

Source: Watercraft Philately Sept/Oct 1993 page 18.
Canada 1991 40c sg?. scott1326.


The two warships on this stamp are Russian Landing Ship Tank (LST) of Project 775 of the by NATO given Ropucha class of which there 28 have been built on Stocznia Pólnocna Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland for the Russian Navy between 1974 and 1991.
The AZOV the first ship on the stamp was built under the name BDK-54. She was one of Project 775 III of which three have been built.
Displacement 2,768 ton standard, 4,080 ton full load, dim. 112.63 x 15.01 x 4.26m.
Powered by a two 16 ZVB 40/48 diesel engines each 9,600 hp, twin shafts, speed 17.5 knots.
Range by 16 miles, 3,500 miles.
Armament 2- 30mm AK-630M guns, missiles 2 – A-215 Grad-M, total 320 NURS. 2 – Manpads Strela-3 or Igla.
Capacity 10 medium tanks and 340 troops. Cargo capacity 450 tons.
Crew 87.
12 October 1990 commissioned.

23 November 1998 renamed in AZOV (151).
2017 In service.

The MINSK was built as BDK-43 as one of Project 775 II of which 13 were built.
Same details as the AZOV only her length was 112.5m. and her armament is a 1 – 76mm AK-176m, 2 – AK-630 M guns with 550 shots.
30 May 1983 commissioned.

16 September 2000 renamed in MINSK (127)
She was one of the first ships used in the transport service between Russia and Syria (Syrian Express) to help the Syrian Government.
2017 In Service.

The Ropucha (toad), or Project 775 class landing ships are classified in the Russian Navy as "large landing craft" (Bol'shoy Desantnyy Korabl). They were built in Poland in the Stocznia Północna shipyards, in Gdańsk. They are designed for beach landings and can carry a 450-ton cargo. The ships have both bow and stern doors for loading and unloading vehicles, and the 630 m² of vehicle deck stretches the length of the hull. Up to 25 armored personnel carriers can be embarked.

While being designed for roll-on roll-off operations the ships can also be loaded using dockside cranes. For this purpose there is a long sliding hatch cover above the bow section for access to the vehicle deck. There are no facilities for helicopters.
The 28 ships of this type were commissioned from 1975 to 1991. The last three ships were of the improved variant Project 775M, also called Ropucha II. These have improved defensive armament and accommodation for an increased number of troops.
They were built for the Soviet Navy during the Cold War, but the current Russian Navy has little need for a long-range amphibious capability and most of them are kept in reserve or are retired. However, during the 2008 South Ossetia war ships of this type were used for landing troops at the Georgian port of Poti.
One ship of this class, the U402 KOSTIANTYN OLSHANSKY, is in service with the Ukrainian Navy, and another was transferred to South Yemen in 1979 and was in service with the Yemen Navy until 2002, after that she was sold as a civilian cargo named SAM OF YEMEN (IMO No 8973679) and is this in service. The later vessel is the only unit of this class in (former) service outside the former USSR.
On 3 August 2012 international media reported that three vessels of the class, the ALEKSANDR OTRAKOYSKIY, GEORGIY POBEDONOSETS and the KONDOPOGA would soon visit the Russian naval base in Tartus, Syria. The ships were part of the Northern Fleet. Earlier reports, quoting a source at the Russian general staff, said the ships would spend a few days in Tartus and would take on fresh supplies of food and water. British media added that the ships each had up to 120 marines on board. The Russian defence ministry left open the possibility that the ships might dock there at some point for logistical reasons, saying they had every right to do so. The General Staff source, who was not named, had said that after calling in at Tartus they would head for the Bosphorus and the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.
On 24 March 2014 on the KOSTIANTYN OLSHANSKY a Russian Navy flag was raised, after she was captured during the Crimea occupation from Ukraine.

Djibouti 2016 280 FD sg?, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ropucha-c ... nding_ship https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%91%D0 ... %D0%B0_775

64 gun ship Royal Navy

The stamp issued by Saint Lucia as given on the stamp as a R.N. 64 gun ship, what is known in the British Royal Navy a Third-Rate ship-of-the-line. The identity of the vessel depict is not known.
Wikipedia gives the following on the third-rate:
In the British Royal Navy, a third rate was a ship of the line which from the 1720s mounted between 64 and 80 guns, typically built with two gun decks (thus the related term two-decker). Years of experience proved that the third rate ships embodied the best compromise between sailing ability (speed, handling), firepower, and cost. So, while first rates and second rates were both larger and more powerful, the third-rate ships were in a real sense the optimal configuration.
When the rating system was first established in the 1620s, the third rate was defined as those ships having at least 200 but not more than 300 men; previous to this, the type had been classified as "middling ships". By the 1660s, the means of classification had shifted from the number of men to the number of carriage-mounted guns, and third rates at that time mounted between 48 and 60 guns. By the turn of the century, the criteria had grown and third rate carried more than 60 guns, with second rates having between 90 and 98 guns, while first rates had 100 guns or more, and fourth rates between 48 and 60 guns. By the latter half of the 18th century, they carried between 500 and 720 men.
This designation became especially common because it included the seventy-four gun ship, which eventually came to be the most popular size of large ship for navies of several different nations. It was an easier ship to handle than a first- or second-rate ship, but still possessed enough firepower to potentially destroy any single opponent other than a three-decker. It was also cheaper to operate.
By the end of the 18th century, ships of the line were usually categorized directly by their number of guns, the numbers even being used as the name of the class, as in "a squadron of three 74s", but officially the rating system continued until the end of the Age of Sail, only undergoing a modification in 1817.
Note that the use of terms like "third-rate" in literature can lead to confusion: The French Navy had a different system of five rates or rangs, but some British authors use the Royal Navy's rating of "third rate" when speaking of a French 74.

Saint Lucia 1996 25c sg1144, scott1049


Built as a littoral combat ship (LCS) by Austal USA at Mobile for the USS Navy.
01 May 2009 ordered.
17 December 2009 laid down.
14 January 2012 launched as the USS CORONADO (LCS-4). Christened by Susan Keith.
Displacement: 2,307 light, 3,104 tons full load. Dim. 127.4 x 31.6 x 4.27m. (draught)
Powered GODAG by two MTU 20V 8000 diesels each driving a Wärtsilä waterjet and delivering 9.1 megawatts of power, when additional power is needed two General Electric LM2500 gas turbines can be activated. Speed maximum 40 knots.
Range by a speed of 20 knots, 4,300 mile.
Bunker capacity 210 tons.
Armament: BAE systems MK 110 57mm gun 4 – 50-cal guns ( 2 aft, 2 forward). Evolved Sea Ram 11 cell missile launcher. Mission modules.
Carries 2 MH-60R/S Seahawks and MO-8 Fire Scout helicopters.
Crew 40 plus up to 35 mission crew.
27 September 2013 acquired.
05 April 2014 commissioned.

USS CORONADO (LCS-4) is an Independence-class littoral combat ship. She is the third ship of the United States Navy to be named after Coronado, California. The contract was awarded to General Dynamics-Bath Iron Works in May 2009 for the construction of LCS-4.
CORONADO is the second littoral combat ship (LCS) to feature a high-speed trimaran hull and will be designed to defeat littoral threats and provide access in coastal waters for missions such as mine warfare, anti-submarine warfare and surface warfare. There are two different LCS hull forms – the Independence-class aluminum trimaran, and the Freedom-class semiplaning monohull designed and built by Lockheed Martin. These seaframes will be outfitted with reconfigurable payloads, called mission packages, which can be changed out quickly. Mission packages are supported by special detachments that will deploy manned and unmanned vehicles and sensors. CORONADO was built by Austal USA in Mobile, Alabama.
Starting with LCS-4, the Independence class carries standard 7 metres (23 ft) long rigid-hulled inflatable boats, and improvements in corrosion protection and propulsion.
The ship's keel was laid on 17 December 2009.
She was launched and christened during a ceremony in Mobile Bay on 14 January 2012 by Susan Keith, the daughter of Eleanor Ring who christened USS CORONADO (AGF-11) in 1966
Fire is feared on all the ships of the Independence class, and the delivery of CORONADO was delayed by two fires during her builder's trials. USS CORONADO was delivered on 27 September 2013. On 27 January 2014 CORONADO departed the Austal USA shipyard in Mobile, Alabama, en route to her commissioning site in Coronado, California. She was commissioned on 5 April 2014
On 30 April 2014, the LCS Mission Modules (MM) program successfully completed the first Structural Test Firing (STF) of the 30 mm gun mission module aboard USS CORONADO. The test consisted of installing two 30 mm guns, mission package software, and associated test equipment, loading live ammunition, and conducting three live fire scenarios: gun operations; worst case blast loading; and sustained fire. Multiple tracking exercises using high speed maneuvering surface targets to simulate single and swarm boat attacks were also accomplished the following day. Surface warfare tracking and live fire exercises are scheduled in summer 2014, culminating in initial operational test and evaluation in 2015. CORONADO is the first Independence-class LCS to undergo firings of the 30 mm cannons of the surface warfare mission package.
In late July 2014, the Navy confirmed that CORONADO would test-launch the Norwegian Naval Strike Missile in September. Although there is no current requirement for the missile aboard Littoral Combat Ships, it is significantly larger than the AGM-114 Hellfire missile slated to be integrated onto the ship classes, and the Navy is testing its feasibility in an increased anti-surface warfare role for the ships. The test was meant to provide insight into the missile's capabilities, see if it could fit aboard the ship, and review the detect-to-engage sequence of firing a long-range weapon from an LCS. The test occurred on 24 September 2014. The missile was successfully fired from a launcher positioned on ship's flight deck at a mobile ship target.
In mid-August 2014, CORONADO demonstrated the ability to rapidly stage and deploy U.S. Marine Corps ground units. Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadrons 469 and 303 conducted day and night deck-landing qualifications in preparation for an airborne raid. The Independence LCS' features of high speed, a large flight deck, and reconfigurable mission bay can support air and small-boat employment and delivery of Marine ground and air tactical units; a small Marine ground unit can be carried even with an embarked mission module.
On 16 October 2014, the Navy announced that CORONADO conducted dynamic interface testing with the MQ-8B Fire Scout unmanned helicopter. The tests familiarized the crew with operating the unmanned aircraft, verified and expanded launch and recovery envelopes, and identified opportunities for envelope expansion to demonstrate future concepts of operations for the aircraft aboard an LCS, which will use the Fire Scout in all three mission packages. Final Contract Trials (FCT) for the ship were completed in June 2014, and CORONADO is scheduled to begin Post Shakedown Availability in October 2014.
On 19 July 2016, while participating in the Rim of the Pacific Exercise, CORONADO was used to conduct a live-fire missile test of a Block 1C Harpoon anti-ship missile. While the missile failed to destroy its target, the test validated the ability to launch high-powered missiles from the forward deck of a littoral combat ship.
On 16 October 2016, CORONADO arrived in Singapore for a scheduled rotational deployment to the Indo-Asia-Pacific region. It was the first time an Independence-class LCS had been deployed to the region, the first deployment of the MQ-8B fitted with the Telephonics AN/ZPY-4(V)1 radar, and the first deployment of an LCS platform equipped with an over-the-horizon anti-ship capability, in the form of a four-cell RGM-84D Harpoon Block 1C missile launcher.

Djibouti 2016 280FD sg?, scott?

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