Dutch naval attack on Las-Palmas

In 1999, Spain issued a stamp dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the victory over the Dutch pirates in the 1599.In February of 1599 the Castilian ports are closed to all commerce with the Dutch; In view of this situation, and in order to break the blockade, Holland creates a fleet destined to cut off communications between Spain and its overseas territories, attacking and capturing as many Spanish ships as possible.The navy, created in May 1599 by the General States of the Netherlands, consisted of 74 warships commanded by Pieter van der Does commanded by the Orangieboom ship, with a total of soldiers Ranging from 8 to 9,000 men.So important an army sailed from the port of Flushing in the Netherlands on 28 May 1599, heading south. La Coruña and Cádiz were the first targets, but given that they were on alert and prepared for the attack, the navy continued to the Canaries.Almost a month after sailing, on June 25, the navy arrived in Gran Canaria, landing in the Bay of the Islets. After bombarding the Castle of La Luz and the coast, successive attempts of landing have been initiated, which proved unsuccessful. Finally, they manage to disembark at the present height of the park of Santa Catalina, causing the retreat of the canaries towards the city walls.During the days 26 and 27 of June begins the siege to the city that is defended from the wall of Triana, the fortress of Santa Ana and the hill of San Francisco. On the 28th with support of the guns, the city falls into the hands of the Dutch corsairs.On July 8, 1599 Pieter van der Does's army leaves the Isleta with almost a thousand casualties. After the march is a destroyed city that took more than a century to continue its natural growth expanding beyond its first walls. This attack on the Las Palmas is one of the most significant events in the history of Gran Canaria.
Spain 1999;70,0. Source:dutch-naval-attack-on-las-palmas-gran-canaria-in-1599-by-theodor-de-H7Y3MA

TE MANA HMNZS F-111

Built in 1996-'99 by Tenix Defence Systems, Henderson, Australia for the New Zealand Navy.
'Anzac' class frigate, displacement:3,600 tons full load, L:117,95m. (387') B:14,93m. (49') Draft:3,96m. (13')
1 × General Electric LM2500+ gas turbine providing 30,000 hp (22.5 MW)
2 × MTU 12V1163 TB83 diesel engines providing 8,840 hp (6.5 MW)
two shafts with controllable pitch propellers in CODOG configuration, 27 kn.
Range:6,000 nm. at 18 kn.
Complement:178 Officers and ratings (25 Officers, 153 ratings)
Sonars: Thomson Sintra Spherion B Mod 5; hull-mounted; active search and attack; medium frequency. Provision for towed array.
Air search radar: Raytheon AN/SPS-49(V)8 ANZ (C/D-band)
Surface search radar: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 TIR (Ericsson Tx/Rx) (G-band)
Navigation: Atlas Elektronik 9600 ARPA (I-band)
Electronic warfare & decoys: ESM: Racal modified Sceptre A (radar intercept), Telefunken PST-1720 Telegon 10 (comms intercept)
Countermeasures: Decoys: G & D Aircraft SRBOC Mk 36 Mod 1 decoy launchers for SRBOC
Guns and missiles:1 × 5 in/54 (127 mm) Mk 45 Mod 2 gun, 1 × Phalanx CIWS,
8 × M2 .50 Cal Browning machine guns (2 are Mini Typhoon) Mk 41 Mod 5 VLS for Sea Sparrow and Evolved Sea Sparrow To be upgraded to Sea Ceptor.
AGM-65 Maverick launched from SH-2G Super Seasprite.
AGM-119 Mk 2 Mod 7 Penguin Missile launched from SH-2G Super Seasprite.(In service 2016)
Torpedoes: 2 × triple 324 mm Mk 32 Mod 5 tubes or launched from SH-2G Super Seasprite.
Fire control: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 (J-band)
Combat data systems: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 Mk 3.Link 11
Weapons control: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 optronic director with Raytheon CW Mk 73 Mod 1
Aircraft carried: 1 Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite helicopter.

(New Zealand 2015, $2.20, StG.?)
Internet.

MARIEHAMN 1866

IN THE 1880s, several Ålanders established themselves as shipowners.
They replaced the farmers who, up till then,had built ships and carried goods across the
Baltic and North Seas. One of them was Nikolaj Sittkoff (1828-1887), who became
one of the most important shipping representatives in Åland. The barque MARIEHAMN
was included in his fleet of sailing vessels in 1880. She was built in 1866 in Dundee,
Scotland, and named Lieutenant. The barque became the first Åland owned vessel with a local crew to circumnavigate the world. The long voyage set off in 1881 and, in July 1882, the vessel rounded the
Cape Horn, an event that is featured on the stamp by artist Allan Palmer. The barque
also became the first freight carrying Åland vessel to reach Australia.


MARIEHAMN: She was built in 1866 as a wooden cargo vessel by the yard of Tay Ship Co. in Dundee, Scotland for A.Low also from Dundee.
1866 Launched as the LIEUTENANT.
Tonnage 500 ton gross, dim. 157.7 x 27.9 x 17.6ft.
Barque rigged.

Of her career for Low I could not find much as what is given in Lloyds Register, Low was a jute merchant, most probably the vessel was used in the jute trade between the U,K, and India.
1867/68 L. R. gives her captain as Gorrie.
1872/73 L.R. that she was making a voyage from London to Valparaiso.
So far I could find she was still owned by Low and still carried the name LIEUTENANTwhen she in 1880 was sold to Mariehamn at that time Russian territory..
Aland Post Stamps gives that she was bought by Nikolaj Sittkoff.in 1880 and renamed MARIEHAMN.
Lloyds Register of 1883/84 gives that she was under command of Captain A. Lauren and he was also the owner.
1889 L.R. gives the owner as K.J. Karlson under command of Captain Troberg and homeport Mariehamn.
The last L.R. on line is 1899/1900 and she was still owned by Karlson.
Fate unknown.

Aland Islands 2017 local post sg?. scott?
Source: Aland Post Stamps no4 2016 and Lloyds Registry.

WILLIAM REX figurehead

The stamp set of the summer stamps 1962 of the Netherlands depict on the 12c+8c a figurehead, till so far from which ship it comes was not known, I found on the site of the Dutch Museum of Communicatie a photo after the stamp was designed. The photo shows a model most probably taken in the Rijksmusem at Amsterdam.

The figurehead comes from a ship model in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and this model shows the appearance of a Dutch warship in the late 17th century. The model was made on the Dockyard at Vlissingen (Flushing) for the Dutch Zeeland Admiralty for display in the council meeting room in Middelburg.
The model is not made after a real warship but it is a very large model with a length of at least 5 metres and a height of 4.5 metres.
The model was ordered for around 70 Flemish pounds a significant amount of money and made during the winter of 1697-1698 at the dockyard in Vlissingen.
Several shipbuilders and a sculptor for the decoration were used during the construction of the model.
The details are amazing, the carvings, the cannons and rigging are carried out with great care. On the bow is as figurehead a crowned lion, a reference to William III (1650-1702) who was from 1689 also King of England. This is not the only decoration that reefers to hem, on the stern is the St George’s Cross carried by William III surrounded four times by the monogram ‘RWR’ which stands for Reign William Rex.
The model is now best known as the WILLIAM REX, and still in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.
A google search gives many hits on that name, which shows many photos of the model.

Netherland 1962 12c + 8c sg924, scott?
Source: various internet sites.

PUKAKI HMNZS F-424

Ordered 24 July 1942 by builder Henry Robb, Leith, #324, for the Royal Navy as HMS LOCH ACHNALT (K-424) laid down 14 September 1943, launched 23 March 1944, completed 11 August 1944.
'Loch' class frigate, displacement 1435 tons, Loa:93,65m. (307.25') Lbpp:87,17m (286') B:11,73m (38.5') Draught:4,03m. (13.25') max. 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 4 cyl. vertical triple expansion reciprocating engines:5500 ihp. 2 shafts.
Range:730 tons oil fuel, 9,500 nm. at 12 kn. Complement:114.
Armament:
1 × QF 4-inch (102 mm.) Mark V gun on one single mounting HA MkIII**
4 × QF 2-pounder (40 mm.) MkVII guns on 1 quad mount MkVII
4 × 20 mm. Oerlikon A/A on 2 twin mounts MkV (or 2 × 40 mm. Bofors A/A on 2 single mounts Mk.III) up to 8 × 20 mm Oerlikon A/A on single mounts MkIII, 2 × Squid triple barreled A/S mortars, 1 rail and 2 throwers for depth charges.

Fate:loaned to Canada 1944, returned 1945. Sold to New Zealand, March 1948.

HMNZS PUKAKI was, along with HMNZS TUTIRA, one of the first Royal New Zealand Navy ships sent to Korea in July 1950. The two ships were ex-Royal Navy anti-submarine frigates. They became known to sailors as 'Puk and Tut, the heavenly twins'. Initially the frigates mainly operated on convoy escort duties with British and Commonwealth naval units. They took part in Operation Chromite, the amphibious operation that landed a large force at In'chon, the port for Seoul. The In'chon landing enabled a pincer operation which liberated Seoul and forced the North Korean army to retreat in disarray.
Decommissioned May 1965, sold for scrapping October 1965 in Hong Kong.

(New Zealand 2015, $1, StG./)
Internet.

The clipper packet “Dreadnought”of 1853

The career of the clipper “Dreadnought” is a stirring chronicle of romance and recklessness on the Atlantic. The well-known packet ship Dreadnought also came out in 1853. She was built by Currier & Townsend at Newburyport, and was 1413 tons register; length 210 feet, breadth 40 feet, depth 26 feet. This ship was owned by Governor E. D. Morgan, Francis B. Cutting, David Ogden, and others, of New York, who subscribed to build her for Captain Samuel Samuels. He superintended her construction and under his able command she made some remarkably quick voyages between New York and Liverpool, sailing in David Ogden's Red Cross Line, with the Victory, Racer, and Highflyer. Captain Samuels commanded the Dreadnought for ten years, and during that time she made from seventy to eighty passages across the Atlantic, and must have had ample opportunity to make fast voyages and day's runs. She sailed from New York, May 4, 1855, and arrived at Liverpool May 20th; passage recorded as 15 days 12 hours. Distance sailed from Sandy Hook to the Northwest Lightship, 3018 miles; passage 13 days 8 hours, mean time.It was during this passage that the Dreadnought is supposed to have made the run from Sandy Hook to Queenstown in 9 days 17 hours, but an analysis of the abstract log shows that 9 days 21 hours after discharging her pilot to the eastward of Sandy Hook she was not within 400 miles of Queenstown.How this mythical tale originated, is difficult to imagine, but it has been passed along from one scribe to another these many years, until at last it has reached the dignity of an "historical fact," having recently been embalmed in an encyclopedia. Curiously enough, Captain Samuels appears to be almost the only person who has written about the Dreadnought who does not refer to this fable. In his memoirs, he makes no mention of it.The best passage to the westward made by the Dreadnought was in 1854, when she ran from the Rock Light, Liverpool, to Sandy Hook in 19 days. While it cannot be said that the Dreadnought ever made the fastest passage of a sailing vessel between New York and Liverpool, as the records in this respect are held by the Red Jacket, Captain Asa Eldridge, from Sandy Hook to the Rock Light, in 13 days 1 hour, in 1854, and by the Andrew Jackson, Captain John Williams, from Rock Light to Sandy Hook in 15 days, in 1860, still the uniform speed of the Dreadnought's many voyages entitles her to a high place among the celebrated packet ships of the past. Twice in one year she was forced into Fayal, in the Azores, for repairs. It is small wonder that sailors called her the “Wild Boat of the Atlantic”, or the “Flying Dutchman”.
The Dreadnought was a strikingly handsome and well-designed, though by no means a sharp ship. Her masts, yards, sails, ironwork, blocks, and standing and running rigging were of the best material and were always carefully looked after. She was a ship that would stand almost any amount of driving in heavy weather, and her fast passages were in a measure due to this excellent quality, though mainly to the unceasing vigilance and splendid seamanship of her commander. She was wrecked in 1869 while under the command of Captain P. N. Mayhew; her crew were rescued after being adrift fourteen days in the boats, but the noble old packet ship went to pieces among the rugged cliffs and crags and roaring breakers of Cape Horn. . For more details about the Dreadnought see: http://www.shippingwondersoftheworld.co ... ought.html.
The design stamp is made after painting of Frank Vining Smith:Packet Ship ‘Dreadnought,’
Uganda2016;2000s. Source:https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Clipper_Ship_Era/Chapter_15.

DUTCH LIFESAVING AT SEA

For the 100th anniversary of the Dutch rescue and lifesaving society at sea the Netherlands issued two stamps in 1924.
The stranding of the Dutch sailing ship De VREDE on 14 October 1824 at Huisduinen, Netherland during a severe storm on the Dutch coast in which many ships were lost was the reason that the Zuid-Hollandsche Maatschappij tot Redding van Schipbreukelingen (ZHMRS) was founded in 1824. She operated from Scheveningen to the Belgium border. They later merged with the Noord and Zuidhollandsche Reddings Maatschappyij founded also in 1824 which operated in the North of Netherland, and formed the Royal Netherlands Sea Rescue Institution (KNRM)
To rescue the crew of De VREDE a small row-boat was launched crewed by local fishermen from Huisduinen to rescue the crew of De VREDE, One the first trip 6 crewmembers were rescued but on the second trip on the return from the wreck, the small boat was turned over in the breakers and crew and rescuers drowned.
The 2 cent stamp shows us sailing ships during a storm at sea, It is (the only?) Dutch stamp which did not have the country name Nederland on the stamp.
The 10 cent shows us a lifeboat on a cradle or slip.

Source: Various internet sites.
Netherland 1924 2/10c sg293/94 scott?
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