COLOSSUS OF RHODOS painting

This miniature sheet is design after a painting made by the Japanese painter Kunitora around 1800, and most probably after he has seen a painting from the Dutch painter Maarten van Heemskerk 1498 -1574 of the Colossus
Around 1800 the Dutch VOC had still a trading post at Dejima, Nagasaki and the only European country with a trading post in Japan. The trading post was the only contact Japan did have with the western world at that time.
The miniature sheet shows us the Colossus of Rhodes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_of_Rhodes seen through Japanese eyes and most probably a Dutch VOC ship in the margin entering the port. The VOC ships were not sailing to the Mediterranean and the ship must be an imagination of the painter of a western ship he did known.
Grenadines of St Vincent 1989 $6 sgMS?, scott ?.

Guernsey Coast

The island of Guernsey with its sandy beaches, cliff walks, seascapes and offshore islands has been a popular tourist destination since the Victorian days.
Our latest issue of self stick stamps are a nod to the heady hey days of island tourism. The images on each set features a panoramic scene, which have been treated in such a way, that they perhaps remind us of the fashionable posters of the era.
We have five GY rate stamps for letters and postcards posted in the Bailiwick and also five UK stamps for letters and postcards sent to the UK, Jersey or Isle of Man and each shows an artist's impression of Guernsey's spectacular coastline.
GY (44p) x 5
On the GY stamps we see the west coast of the island viewed from Fort Grey slipway around to Rocquaine Bay, panning right all the way back to Fort Grey itself.
UK (59p) x 5
The UK stamps show a panoramic view of the East Coast of Guernsey from the Albert Marina to the careening hard and the beginning of Glategny Esplanade located in the island's capital, St Peter Port.

Guernsey Philatelic

ROBERT PITCAIRN and HMS SWALLOW

250 years ago on July 2nd 1767, a young boy high in the crow’s nest of the HMS SWALLOW, shouted "Land Ahoy" and Pitcairn's Island was first sighted by a European. Midshipman Robert Pitcairn, aged just 15, was praised by his captain, Philip Carteret, and had the Island named after him. History poses the question that in 1606 the Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernandez de Quirós first sighted Henderson Island and possibly Pitcairn but the consensus is that this may have been a sighting of another of the Pitcairn Group. Robert Pitcairn's sighting has stood and the Island remains a British Overseas Territory.
Robert Pitcairn was born in Fife in 1752 and became a midshipman in the Royal Navy at the age of 14. His father John was a major in the Royal Marines and commanded forces in the battles of Lexington and Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War.

The young sailor first served on the HMS EMERALD and then joined the SWALLOW viewtopic.php?f=2&t=6118&p=16390&hilit=swallow#p16390 in July 1766. The ship's pay-book listed him as aged 19, but baptismal records show he was only 14. The ship, a 14-gun sloop, sailed under Carteret on a voyage of exploration in the South Pacific, accompanying HMS DOLPHIN. The two ships were parted shortly after sailing through the Strait of Magellan with Carteret taking a more southerly route through the Pacific Ocean, failing to find much new land, while DOLPHIN took a more northerly route and became the first clearly documented European vessel to land at Tahiti in June 1767.

On Thursday, 2 July 1767, Pitcairn was the first person on the SWALLOW to spot an island in the Pacific. The island was described by Carteret as "small high uninhabited island not above 4 or 5 miles round ... scarce better than a large rock in the Ocean". High volcanic cliffs prevented the voyagers landing on the island. Carteret erroneously recorded Pitcairn's location at 25°02'S 133°21'W 25.033°S 133.350°W. These incorrect co-ordinates meant that the island could not be found again by later voyages as it lies 327.4 kms (203.4 miles) further east. The 3° longitude error may be explained by Carteret sailing without the benefit of the new marine chronometer.

This error was used to good effect by Fletcher Christian and the Bounty mutineers who, realising the mistake, established residence on Pitcairn with the plan to avoid detection.

Robert Pitcairn arrived back in England on the SWALLOW in March 1769. He left the SWALLOW in May 1769, and joined the HMS AURORA, a 32-gun frigate, commanded by Captain Thomas Lee. They sailed from England in September and called at the Cape of Good Hope in December 1769. The ship made for the Comoros Islands but disappeared without trace. It may have been sunk in a tropical storm, or wrecked on the Star Bank off the south coast of Madagascar in early 1770.
Please Note:

Collectors may be interested to note that the illustration of Robert Pitcairn in formal attire is a stylised depiction by Lucas Kukler. Our research failed to find any image of the young midshipman. The designer took the age of the sailor and an image of his father and created what we consider a remarkable “possible” likeness.

Source: http://www.stamps.gov.pn/
Pitcairn Island 2017 £3.00 sgMS?, scott?

WARSHIPS OF THE ORDER OF ST JOHN.

The fifth issue from the Maritime Malta series consists of three stamps which feature vessels dating back to the Order of St John. Towards the beginning of the 18th century, the Order adopted a squadron of square-rigged warships known as 'third rate ships-of- the-line' and armed with 56 iron cannon spread on two decks. The heavier ones were placed on the quarterdeck while the lighter ones were mounted on the forecastle and on the poop deck. These vessels defended the Order from the Barbary corsairs in the Mediterranean and also supported the Order when venturing into the Atlantic Ocean.

The 0.63 stamp depicts a model of the third rate ships-of-the-line, commissioned for use by the Order's Nautical School. This large mid-18th century model is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum. Unfortunately, the builder is unknown

The 1.85 depicts the SANT ANNA carrack, which was the largest warship that was commissioned by the Navy of the Order. The SANT ANNA was built and fitted out in Nice in 1552. This enormous war machine was six decks high and its spacious hold carried enough provision to last for up to six months. The SANT ANNA was heavily armed with enough cannon to attack and destroy a fleet of fifty galleys. The built-up model, constructed by Joseph Abela, is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum. More info on the SANT ANNA is given on: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7692

The 3.59 stamp depicts another third rate model. It is referred to as 'an exploded model' since its decks are removable to illustrate the internal arrangement and fitted with the standing rigging. This period model was also commissioned for the Order's Nautical School and is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum. The model builder is unknown.

Source: Wopa.
Malta 2017 0.63,0185,3.59 Euro sg ?, scott?

75th ANNIVERSARY OPERATION PEDESTAL

75th Anniversary 'Operation Pedestal' 1942 – 2017.
(Not any vessel is depict but the MS is interesting for the collectors in naval operations).
Operational Pedestal, better known as 'il-Konvoy ta' Santa Marija', was a World War II naval operation by the Allies in 1942 aimed at relieving Malta from starvation and a shortage of essential supplies, after the Islands had already suffered two years of incessant bombing by the Axis air forces.
Considering Malta's strategic location, the Allies were determined to provide the Island with essential supplies. In fact, no less than two battleships, seven cruisers, thirty-three destroyers and four aircraft carriers accompanied the 13 freighters and the tanker SS OHIO. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9686
In spite of suffering huge losses, Operational Pedestal achieved its objectives as four freighters and one tanker reached Malta. Tanker SS OHIO arrived on the 15th August 1942 and thus the success of the convey remains synonymously celebrated with one of Malta's main feasts known as 'Santa Marija'.
The Stamp - The Siege Bell War Memorial
The 3.00 stamp depicts the Siege Bell War Memorial located near the Lower Barrakka Gardens, in Valletta. The memorial was designed by the renowned sculptor Michael Sandle and commemorates those who lost their lives throughout the siege of Malta between 1940 and 1943. The Siege Bell was erected in 1992 and attracts numerous daily visitors and strikes every day as a sign of respect towards those who fell in the defence of Malta and Gozo.
More on Operation Pedestal is given: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12455

Source: Wopa
Malta 2017 3 Euro sg MS?, scott?

FORE-AND-AFT SCHOONER

The stamp depict an unknown named three masted fore and aft schooner of the 19th century, the fore-mast set a fore-sail and a fore gaff topsail. The main mast a main sail and main gaff topsail. The mizen mast a mizen sail and a mizen-gaff-topsail.
The fore and aft schooner is still in use in the Pacific Ocean, and nowadays the rig is found on some tall ships which have all an auxiliary engine.
The largest fore-and-aft schooner was the THOMAS W LAWSON with 7 masts: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=13871&p=15496&hilit=Thomas+W+Lawson#p15496

http://www.phillyseaport.org/images/Ide ... 0Guide.pdf
Albania 1989 90q sg 2426, scott 2319.

BRIG or BRIGANTINE

Stanley Gibbons gives her as a “kogge” and Watercraft Philately as a “caravel” while the Enzyklopadie der Maritmem Philately (Navicula) gives her as a “brig”.
I think Navicula is the most correct, comparing the rigging, she is a brig or brigantine rigged vessel and has not much to do with a kogge or caravel rigging.
The brig was a common vessel during the 17th century. More info on the brig is given on
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=11973

Who has the Albanian name under which this type of ship was known?

Albania 1989 80q sg 2425, scott 2318.
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