Sousa, Pero Lopes de (1530-1532)(Brazil,Argentina)

Second son of Lopo de Sousa and D. Brites de Albuquerque, Pêro Lopes was born one or two years after his older brother, Martim Afonso de Sousa (n.1500. He died in the early 1540s, crossing the Indian Ocean, on the voyage of the Indian Career. He was the first donated captain of Itamaracá, Santo Amaro and Santa Ana; commanded several armed forces of coast guard of the kingdom and the navy of the race of India of 1539. The earliest known news about him is the famous expedition to Brazil, of which he was sota-captain, who left Lisbon on December 3, 1530 under the command of his brother Martim Afonso. It is true that Pêro Lopes of the founding expedition of 1530 was an experienced sailor who did not seem to ignore maneuvering or piloting, as evidenced by the reading of his Navigation - the main document on the voyage. Unusual knowledge for a ship captain of the time, and more so for a great gentleman. There is no doubt that Pêro Lopes became a ship well before 1530, although we can not register his learning path."Pêro Lopes de Sousa, to whom all the Portuguese must confess their advantage and give obedience to the duty and office of the sea," wrote to the king, in 1539, D. João de Castro, of a captain who unusually ran a "career" in the armadas from the Atlantic, far from the Armada of India. In fact, few captains could boast of a service sheet as replete with bonanza and victory as that of Pêro Lopes, who, in addition to his marine qualities, had particular military skills, as can be seen from the five captured French ships in Brazil, for his participation in the expedition of Tunes (1535), commanding one of the round caravels, and the intense activity against the corso developed on the Portuguese coast and the Azores between 1536 and 1538. In 1539, he was entrusted with the command of the Armada da Carreira, which, without contrast, arrived in Goa in September of the same year. He was ruthless in the preparation of the ships for the voyage, as was required (and seldom fulfilled) to all the captains of the Carreira, even sending a border of fact, merchandise and even some slaves, an attitude that deserved the hatred of Portuguese from India. Gaspar Correia called him a tyrant and went so far as to say that his death by shipwreck, despite so much zeal, had been punishment of God, even admitting the price of the life of his companions. Pêro Lopes de Sousa sailed from India in the beginning of 1540 but did not make it to Mozambique. Like so many other ships, its Esperanza Galician ship was swallowed by the sea in the Indian Ocean, and the place or date of the disaster could not be specified.
Portugal 1994;3,0;SG?

Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo 1542

Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo was an ambitious, at times ruthless Portuguese soldier who served the Spanish Empire. He participated in the conquest of Cuba in the early 1500s and later battled the Aztecs in Mexico. Cabrillo eventually made his fortune in Guatemala, mining gold and trading goods while participating in the slave trade. In hopes of more riches, he set out to explore the California coast, mapping landmarks and identifying Native villages. He died on January 3, 1543, of infection from a wound suffered after an attack on his expedition by Tongva tribesmen.
For more details about the trip see: SAN SALVADOR 1542; viewtopic.php?f=2&t=15808.
Portugal 1984;45,0;SG? USA 1992 29c sg2751, scott2704.
Source: ... llo-090115

William de Conqueror death

Jersey issued six stamps in 1987 commemorating William de Conqueror’s death.
The 15p value depicts the year 1030, when Duke Robert I (the Devil) of Normandy, father of William the Conqueror, prepared an expedition aimed at driving King Canute out of England and placing Edward the Confessor, his kinsman, on the throne. The invasion fleet was driven down the English Channel by a storm, Robert and Edward’s ship ending up in Jersey where the weather being apparently even worse, they spent some time before returning to mainland Normandy. The illegitimate William succeeded his father Robert as Duke of Normandy on the latter’s death in 1035, while in 1042, on the death of Canute’s son, Edward the Confessor was crowned King of England.

The ship depict is a Norman or Viking type vessel of around 1030.

Source: Watercraft Philately 1988 page 26. Australian Stamp Monthly, August 1987.
Jersey 1987 15p sg 432, scott?.


This stamp is by Navicula and Watercraft Philately given that a Japanese junk is depict, by searching on the net I found that this is wrong, the stamp shows a Portuguese vessel (most probably a galleon) arriving in Japan. The stamp is designed after a painting on a Japanese nanban byobu screen and are shown in Japanese museums.

I found on the net a detail of this painting, only the rigging is partly shown, but after this painting the stamp is designed.

Source: many internet sites.
Panama 1968 3c sg ?, scott 485B


This stamp is designed after a print made in 1776 of the port of Rouen, France. It shows a sailing vessel of that time.

Panama 1968 4c sg?, scott 485c.


This stamp issued by Poland in 2014 is designed after a photo made by Henryk Poddebski (1890-1945) of the port of Gdynia, the stamp depict a cargo vessel which till so far not is identified, which year the photo was taken I could not find.

Henryk Poddębski was one of the most distinguished polish photographers of the 20th century. He defined his works as "sightseeing photography". He had extraordinary talent to show beauty and spirit of the places he visited. He took high quality photos of cities, monuments and people. He got many prizes in Poland and abroad.

Source: Polish stamp encyclopaedia.
Poland 2014 4.20Zl sg?, scott?

João de Castro(1500-1548)-Portuguese exlorer

D. João de Castro (7 February 1500 – 6 June 1548) was a Portuguese nobleman and fourth viceroy of Portuguese India. He was called Castro Forte ("Stronghold" or "Strong Castle") by poet Luís de Camões
A younger son, and destined therefore for the church, he became at an early age a brilliant humanist, and studied mathematics under Pedro Nunes, in company with Louis, Duke of Beja, son of king Manuel I of Portugal, with whom he contracted a lifelong friendship. At eighteen he went to Tangier, where he was dubbed knight by Dom Duarte de Menezes the governor, and there he remained several years.
In 1535 he accompanied Dom Louis to the siege of Tunis, where he had the honor of refusing knighthood and reward at the hands of the emperor Charles V. Returning to Lisbon, he received from the king the small commandership of São Paulo de Salvaterra in 1538.
Soon after this he left for India in company with his uncle Garcia de Noronha, and on his arrival at Goa went off for the relief of Diu. In 1540 he served on an expedition to Suez under Estêvão da Gama (the son of Vasco da Gama and them viceroy of Portuguese India), by whom his son, Álvaro de Castro, a child of thirteen, was knighted, out of compliment to him. D. Estêvão da Gama, and D. João de Castro was found with him in the expedition to the Red Sea. D. Estêvão da Gama went with 12 large galleons and carracks, and 60 galleys, on 31 December 1540, being D. João de Castro captain of a galleon. This expedition to Suez was truly remarkable, and João de Castro made a detailed roadmap of it, with maps, calculations, pictures and detailed notes from the coasts of the Arabian Peninsulaas of those of the countries of today Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt, as far to Suez and to several ports in the shores of the Sinai Peninsula, all included in the Roteiro do Mar Roxo, which offered to the Prince Louis. Eight months later he returned to Goa on 21 August, having acquired by the experiences made during the expedition, the name of the philosopher. "I pay great attention to eclipses of the moon," he writes, as also to longitudes and latitudes, fishes, seaweeds, currents, winds,the colour of the Red Sea, and every detail that might concern the art of navigation, to the delight of his friends Pedro Nunes and Prince Louis, who had furnished him with special instruments and other assistance for his voyage.
Unlike other viceroys, João de Castro had much interest in Indian culture and its religion, and even project the creation, in collaboration with of the humanist André de Resende (which he wanted to invite to visit India for this purpose), of a book on Indian art. His estate of Penha Verde, in Sintra, also contains the two famous black stones of Cambay, brought by João de Castro and his son, Álvaro de Castro.
Returning to Portugal, João de Castro was named commander of a fleet, in 1543, to clear the Atlantic European seas of pirates; and in 1545 he was sent, with six sail, to India, to assist Martim Afonso de Sousa, who had been dismissed of the viceroyalty. Seconded by his sons (one of whom, Fernão, was killed before Diu) and by João Mascarenhas, João de Castro achieved such popularity by the overthrow of Mahmud, king of Gujarat, by the relief of Diu, and by the defeat of the great army of the Adil Khan, that he could contract a very large loan with the Goa merchants. These deeds were followed by the capture of Broach, by the complete subjugation of Malacca, and by the passage of António Moniz into Ceylon; and, in 1547, by the appointment as viceroy by king John III of Portugal.
After the victory of his Armada in the refief of Diu, he besought the King not to prolong his term of office beyond the ordinary three years, and to allow him to return to the Serra de Sintra, and in his will he says: "I have near Cintra a quinta, called the Quinta of the King's Fountain, which I made, and to which I am greatly devoted because I made it and because it is in a country where my father and ancestors were born". After his victory over the overwhelming odds of Mahmud and of the Adil Khan, D. João de Castro set about rebuilding Diu, and to obtain money sent an appeal to the citizens of Goa with some hairs of his beard in pawn since it was impossible to send the bones of his son, as he had first intended, his death being but recent. The citizens of Goa responded nobly to the appeal, and when the Governor returned to Goa in the spring of 1547. they received him with great rejoicing. His triumph ceremony has been often described in the chronicles and tapestry.
He did not live long to fill this charge, dying in the arms of his friend, Saint Francis Xavier, on 6 June 1548. He was buried at Goa, but his remains were afterwards exhumed and conveyed to Portugal, to be reinterred under a splendid monument in the convent of Benfica. The chronicler Diogo do Couto ends his portrait of the Viceroy thus: "And for his great charity, temperance, disinterestedness, exceeding love of God, and other qualities of a good Christian, it may be affirmed that he will be receiving in glory the prize and guerdon of all his trouble and toil." And for the author Aubrey Fitz Gerald Bell: "by his energy, vigour of thought and action, by his splendid character, humane and resolute, he closed the most brilliant half-century of Portugal's history with a key of gold."
Portugal 1994;10,0;SG?ão_de_Castro

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