MERCUUR pilot training vessel

For the 60th Anniversary of Madurodam the Netherlands has issued in 2012 a miniature sheet of which three stamps shows ships. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12956&p=14190&hilit=zanen#p14190
Tugdoc has identified the black hulled ship underway on the Netherland Nieuwe Waterweg stamp behind the two moored red hulled vessels as the Dutch pilot training vessel MERCUUR.
She was built as a buoy/lighthouse maintenance vessel under yard No 738 by E.J. Smit & Zn., Westerbroek, Netherlands for it Rijksloodwezen (State pilotage) at Vlissingen (Flushing)’
22 October 1955 laid down.
22 October 1955 launched as the FRANS NAEREBOUT named after a famous pilot in Vlissingen (1748 – 1818).
Tonnage 242 gross, 72 nrt 432 dwt, dim. 40.50 x 7.95 x 3.70m. 2.65m draught, length bpp. 38.11
Powered by one 8-cyl. Bolnes diesel engine, 400 hp., speed 10.5 knots.(if it the engine is the engine placed by building or refit I am not sure.)
29 August 1956 completed, based at Vlissingen.

1988 Sold to G, Boon Survey Charter, Den Helder, Netherland, not renamed.
1995 Sold to Kees Lont & Son and rebuilt in a game fishing vessel for the Nord Sea and a new diesel engine installed.
1996 Sold to J.P. Bakker in Den Oever, Netherland, not renamed.
2001 Sold to Sportvisserij Paraat in Den Oever, not renamed.
2003 Sold to Andre Loonstra in Hippolytushoef, Netherland, renamed MERCUUR.
So far I can find out is she used between the game voyages also as a pilot training vessel by the Dutch pilot service in the Netherlands till today.
2018 Same owner and name, IMO No 8432974.

Source Wikipedia. http://www.debinnenvaart.nl/schip_detail/8100/
Netherland 2012 first rate mail, sg?, scott?

MOLICEIRO

MOLICEIRO: Is a boat in use on the lagoon of Aveiro that works from the late July to late March collecting seaweed (moliço) to be used for fertilizer; occasionally transports merchandise and livestock.
Carvel planked of white pine with pine-root ribs. 19-24 bottom and side frames. Sharp ends; bottom flat for about three-quarters of its length, then rise in a long, low rake. No keel; strongly flared sides, considerable sheer and very low freeboard amidships; wide gunwales. Portable bulwarks raise sides as the seaweed is collected. Characterized by a sharply recurved stem joined by the sheer strake.; hinged upper portion permits lowering while passing under low bridges; sterpost curved. Large tall strongly curved rudder attached with pintles; tiller fitted athwartships on rudderhead; rope from one end carries forward, reeves through the stem and runs back to the tiller. May use a leeboard looped to the mast; 3 of different widths carried. Cuddy forward storage locker beneath seat at the stern.
Bow and stern patches generally elaborately painted, usually in traditional designs; red stemhead, hull ochre with black gunwale initially, the hull entirely black.
May be sailed rowed, poled or towed. Slender, un-stayed mast stepped through a thwart roughly amidships; occasionally a 2nd smaller mast is braces against the forecastle. Sets a lugsail; luff extended by two bowlines with bridles leading to the stemhead.
Crew of 2 – 3. Approximate size range; length 9.3m, beam 1.35m, depth 0.42m., she has a shallow draft.
Nowadays not more used only as a tourist attraction.

Source: Aak to Zumbra a dictionary of the world’s watercraft.
Portugal 1981 10e sg 1826.scott 1490.

TEJO (TAGUS) RIVER

Portugal issued in 2018 four stamps for the Tagus River of which one the 0.85 Euro has a vessel on it which is a “fragata” used for tours around the port of Lisbon and Tagus River. Mostly colourful painted with owners colours painted in bands around the mast. The “fragata” depict I believe is the BAIA DO SEIXAL belonging to the Seixal Municipal Ecomuseum in Lisbon, more on the “fragata” is given on viewtopic.php?f=2&t=15578&p=17989&hilit=fragata#p17989

The miniature sheet shows ships of the past on the river.

The Portuguese Mail gives by the stamp:

It is not easy to condense a comprehensive view of the Tagus River into a small number of images, such is its size and importance. Nonetheless, I believe that the present collection of stamps on the Tagus River, an integral part of the book with the same title, achieves an effective focus on what are surely some of the most symbolic images and the most important themes associated with this great river.
From the river’s physical geography to associated historical events; from literary portraits dedicated to the Tagus to the establishment and development of the surrounding urban communities; from its role as a waterway of fundamental importance for economic development and natural conservation to the different forms culture and traditions associated with it and its historical relevance in cross- -border relations, the Tagus is a river of enormous heritage value with enormous wealth and diversity that deserves to be known, protected and valued.
It is the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula, with a total length of around 1100 km and its watershed is the third largest of the peninsula, behind the Douro and Ebro rivers. The Tagus constitutes the central artery of an extensive region, ranging from the highlands of Serra da Estrela to the Alentejo plains.
From the border with Spain in Idanha-a-Nova to São Julião da Barra in Oeiras, the Tagus River runs through twenty-nine municipalities. Ninety-four local councils, in whole or in part, are located within that part of the river’s watershed found in the national territory, housing a resident population of about 3.5 million inhabitants, more than a third of the current Portuguese population.
The Tagus River has also made us grow accustomed to a water cycle characterised by frequent floods and long periods of drought. The flooding of fields is a potential source of danger and damage, but also a source of agricultural fertility. Economic development, the exploitation of dams and possible climate change-related scenarios must be considered when formulating an integrated and sustainable water use regime for both current and future needs.
The Tagus river valley also features castles and monasteries built by the warrior monks of the Knights Templar, who played a fundamental role in the expansion and defence of the national territory.
Over many years, the Tagus has been the subject of a huge variety of cultural and artistic expression, including in The Lusiads, in which Camões invokes the Tágides, the nymphs of the Tagus River, to help him sing the feats of the Portuguese people. Camões himself lived in Lisbon and, according to tradition, lived also on the banks of the Tagus in Constância.
The Tagus today is different to what it was in the past and probably different to what it will be in the future, for nature is ever dynamic and evolving. Nonetheless, the images selected for this collection of stamps form a timeless record of a piece of natural heritage which over time has also been marked by several human interventions and the importance of which we have the responsibility of effectively transmitting to future generations so that it remains a central element in the life of such an extensive part of the nation.

https://www.wopa-plus.com/en/stamps/product/&pgid=43291
Portugal 2018 0.85 Euro sg?, scott? Miniature sheet 2.00 Euro sgMS?, scott?

300th Anniversary of the Cadiz Contracting House

Spain issued 1 stamp for the 300th anniversary of the Cadiz Contracting House, in the background are many unknown sailing ships depict (galleons?)

The Casa de Contratación de Indias was installed in Seville in 1503 to regulate the growing commercial traffic with the New World, newly discovered. He was in charge of controlling and managing all matters related to the new commercial route. Later, he also began to deal with legal issues as a court in charge of the lawsuits that were generated in matters related to the commerce of the Indies. Already in the s. XVIII, on May 12, 1717, King Philip V established that the House of Hiring moved to Cádiz as the city had been acquiring greater importance because most of the fleet left from the port. The stamp issued by Correos, on the occasion of this anniversary, collects a beautiful image of the Castle of Santa Catalina by the sea. On the horizon, you can see an old map of the city of Cádiz, of its bay, that so many boats saw leave full of dreams, and many others saw arrive with new and wonderful products brought from a new world to discover. A few strokes of colors that come out of the Bay represent in the seal the many trips that happened for years from Spain to America. The stamp that is put into circulation with Rate B, becomes part of those stamps that represent for posterity, a period and a fact of the history of our country, which meant so much for the history of humanity. The House of Contracting of Cádiz was only 73 years in this city since in 1790 the institution disappears. The suppression of the House is due to the fact that Carlos III will implement the Royal Regulations and tariffs for free trade from Spain to the Indies in 1778, which will open 13 ports in Spain with 27 in America, which meant that centralization no longer existed in the port of Cádiz.

https://www.wopa-plus.com/en/stamps/product/&pgid=42461
Spain 2018 Tarif B sg?, scott?

THE GREAT SHIPS XVII

At the beginning of the XVI-XVII century, the peak and sunset of the rowing galleys on the Mediterranean took place, the first oceanic military sailboats appeared and the first sea battles took place, in which the cannon served as the main weapon. On ships increased the number of masts and sails, and navigators gained more experience and confidence. Mass population of America began, which generated demand for ocean vessels, new markets opened, the struggle for markets intensified, and new resources were released. It was necessary to protect the overseas markets from competitors. All this helped to improve sailing ships. On a small sheet, issued by Somalia, depicts five ships, which are bright representatives of the XVII century.
159sl.sh. "Mayflower" - see the detail-viewtopic.php? F = 2 & t = 8486
250sl.sh. "Brederode" - see more details-viewtopic.php? F = 2 & t = 9043
350sl.sh. "Sirena" ("La Sirene") - see more -viewtopic.php? F = 2 & t = 16242
450sl.sh. "Vase" - see more detail-viewtopic.php? F = 2 & t = 12271
650sl.sh. "Batavia" - see details-viewtopic.php? F = 2 & t = 14178
550sl.sh. "Hermes, Belle Pole, Gypsy" - This stamp depicts the ships of the XIX century, see more details - viewtopic.php? F = 2 & t = 16239.
Somaliland 2017, (150, 250, 350, 450,550, 650) sl.sh.Ms. Source: Brian Lavery: "5000 Years of Sea Adventures" 2007

La Sirene(1691)

A French ship of the 17th century – «La Sirene»- 60 guns (launched 14 January 1691 at Bayonne) – captured and wrecked in the Battle of Vigo Bay in October 1702. The stamp indicates the date 1791 is a mistake, since ships of this design, at the end of the XVII and the beginning of the XVIII century, were no longer built.
Somaliland 2017; 350sl.sh.
Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Vigo_Bay. Wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ships_of_the_line_of_France.

BAYARD battleship 1882

Built as a wooden hulled battleship by Brest Arsenal, Brest for the French Navy.
19 September 1876 keel laid down.
27 March 1880 launched as the BAYARD one of the Bayard class.
Displacement 6,000 ton, dim. 81 x 17.45 x 7.75m. (draught)
Powered by two compound steam engines, 4,500 shp, twin shafts, speed14.5 knots.
Armament: 4 – 240mm modéle 1875 in single mount barbettes. 6 – 140 mm deck guns, 1 – 164 mm bow gun, 6 – 65mm guns.
Three masted square rigged.
Crew 450.
November 1882 commissioned in Brest.
May 1883 in service.

The French ironclad BAYARD was an early stationary battleship of the French Navy, lead ship of her class. BAYARD had a wooden hull and a full rigging, as well as a side armour and steam machinery.
Active service
BAYARD was commissioned in May 1883 under the command of capitaine de vaisseau Parrayon as the flagship of Admiral Amédée Courbet, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Am%C3%A9d%C3%A9e_Courbet who had recently been appointed to the command of France's Trial division (division des essais), established in April 1883. On 31 May 1883, in the wake of the defeat and death of Commandant Henri Rivière in Tonkin (northern Vietnam) at the Battle of Paper Bridge, Courbet was placed in command of a newly created Tonkin Coasts naval division. In early June Courbet left for the Far East with the ironclads BAYARD and ATALANTA and the cruiser CHÂTEAURENAULT.
BAYARD arrived in Along Bay on 10 July, and for the next eleven months served as flagship of the Tonkin Coasts naval division. In August 1883, in the Battle of Thuan An, she bombarded the coastal defences of Hué, receiving minor shot damage from the Vietnamese shore batteries. From October 1883 to June 1884, during the period of growing tension that preceded the outbreak of the Sino-French War (August 1884–April 1885), she took part in a French naval blockade of the coast of Tonkin. On 30 November 1883, in response to the threat of an imminent Vietnamese attack on the French post at Quang Yen, BAYARD's landing company was hastily installed in the town's citadel, successfully deterring the threatened attack. In June 1884 BAYARD became the flagship of the Far East Squadron, an exceptional naval grouping created for the war with China by the amalgamation of the Tonkin Coasts and Far East naval divisions.
On 5 August 1884 sailors from BAYARD took part in a French landing at Keelung, but were forced to re-embark on 6 August by a heavy Chinese counterattack. BAYARD took no part in the Battle of Fuzhou (23 August 1884), the opening battle of the Sino-French War, as she drew too much water to enter the Min River. Instead, she was left to guard the telegraph station at Sharp Peak near Matsu that allowed the squadron to communicate with France.
On 1 October 1884 BAYARD and several other French warships supported the French landing at Keelung with a naval bombardment of Chinese shore positions. On 8 October BAYARD's landing company took part in the failed French landing at Tamsui, which condemned the Formosa expeditionary corps to a prolonged Keelung Campaign. From November 1884 to January 1885 BAYARD took part in the French naval blockade of Formosa. On 14 November 1884, while anchored off Keelung and exposed to the northeast monsoon, she nearly foundered when her anchor chain snapped during a gale.
In February 1885 five warships of China's Nanyang Fleet made a sortie from Shanghai in an attempt to break the French blockade of Formosa. Courbet sought them out with BAYARD and several other ships of the Far East squadron, and trapped them in Shipu Bay. At the Battle of Shipu on the night of 14 February 1885, two of BAYARD's launches, used as improvised torpedo boats, attacked the Chinese squadron at anchor and disabled the frigate YUYUAN (馭遠) and the composite sloop CHENGAGING (澄慶). In early March 1885 BAYARD took part in the French blockade of Zhenhai, the outport of Ningbo. In late March she formed part of the French flotilla for the Pescadores Campaign, and her landing company was engaged ashore on 31 March in the decisive battle with the Chinese defenders of Makung.
Admiral Amédée Courbet died on board BAYARD in the harbour of Makung, in the Pescadores Islands, on 11 June 1885. BAYARD left the Pescadores on 23 June to return Courbet's body to France for a state funeral, arriving at Toulon on 26 August 1885. She then proceeded to Brest to be disarmed and decommissioned. She was eventually used as a hulk from 1899 in Port Courbet in Along Bay, Vietnam.
1904 Broken up in Saigon (Miramar)

Source: Wikipedia and other web-sites.
Indo-China 1943 6c sg?, scott 232.
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