Builder: Mitsubishi Shipyard of Mitsubishi Goshi Kaisha (currently Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) Laid down:17 March 1912, Launched: 1 December 1913, Commissioned:19 April 1915.
Kongō-class battlecruiser, Displacement:36,600 long tons (37,187 t) Length:222 m (728’ 4”) Beam:31 m (101’ 8”) Draught:9.7 m (31’10”) 8 Kampon oil-fired boilers, steam turbines:136.000 hp. 4 shafts
30 kn. Range:10,000 nm/14 kn. Complement:1360
8 × 356 mm (14”) guns (4×2) 16 × 152 mm (6.0”) guns (8×2) 8 × 127 mm (5”) DP (8×1)
20 x 25 mm (0.98”) Type 96 AA guns, 2 or 3 floatplane aircraft.
deck: 2.3–1.5 in (58–38 mm) (later strengthened +101mm on ammo storage, +76mm on engine room)
turrets: 9 in (230 mm)
barbettes: 10 in (250 mm)
belt: 8–11 in (200–280 mm)

On 18 November 1934, Kirishima was drydocked in Sasebo Naval Arsenal in preparation for her second reconstruction, which would enable her to function alongside Japan's growing fleet of fast carriers. Her stern was lengthened by 26 feet (7.9 m), while her superstructure was rebuilt to allow for new fire-control mechanisms. Her boilers were removed and replaced with eight new oil-fired Kampon Boilers, and she received newer geared turbines. The elevation of her main and secondary battery was increased, and she was equipped with two Nakajima E8N "Dave" and Kawanishi E7K "Alf" reconnaissance floatplanes. To this end, aircraft catapults and launch-rails were also refitted. Her older 3-inch guns were removed and replaced with eight 5-inch dual-purpose guns. She was also outfitted with twenty Type 96 25 mm antiaircraft guns in twin turrets, while two of her 6 inch guns and her remaining torpedo tubes were removed.

Kirishima's armor was also extensively upgraded. Her main belt was strengthened to a uniform thickness of 8 inches (as opposed to varying thicknesses of 6–8 inches before the upgrades), while diagonal bulkheads of a depth ranging from 5 to 8 inches (127 to 203 mm) reinforced the main armored belt. The turret armor was strengthened to 10 inches (254 mm), while 4 inches (102 mm) were added to portions of the deck armor. The armor around her ammunition magazines was also strengthened over the course of the refit. The reconstruction was declared complete on 8 June 1936. Capable of speeds of up to 30.5 kn. Kirishima was reclassified as a fast battleship.

In August 1936, Kirishima departed Sasebo alongside Fuso to patrol the Chinese coast off Amoy. From March 1937 to April 1939, she was frequently deployed as a support vessel and troop transport during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In November 1938, Kirishima was designated the command vessel of the Third Battleship Division, and was under the command of Rear Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. In November 1939, she was placed in reserve and fitted with additional armor on the front faces of her turrets and barbettes.

On 11 November 1941, after a series of transfers between Japanese naval bases, Kirishima was outfitted in preparation for coming hostilities and assigned—alongside her sister ships—to the Third Battleship Division. On 26 November, Kirishima departed Hitokappu Bay, Kurile Islands in the company of Hiei and six Japanese fast carriers of the First Air Fleet Striking Force (Akagi, Kaga, Sōryū, Hiryū, Shōkaku, and Zuikaku). On 7 December 1941, aircraft from these six carriers attacked the United States Pacific Fleet at their home base of Pearl Harbor, sinking four U.S. Navy battleships and numerous other vessels. Following the attack and the declaration of war by the United States, Kirishima returned to Japan.

1942: Combat and loss.
Takao (center) and the Kirishima steaming for Guadalcanal, 14 November 1942
On 8 January 1942, Kirishima departed Japan for Truk Naval Base in the Caroline Islands alongside the Carrier Strike Force. She provided escort during the invasion of New Britain on 17 January before returning to Truk. She sortied again in response to American carrier raids in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. In March 1942, while supporting fleet operations off of Java in the Dutch East Indies, one of Kirishima's floatplanes bombed an enemy merchant vessel. South of Java, the Japanese fleet was surprised by the appearance of the destroyer USS Edsall. Hiei and Chikuma initially opened fire on the ship but failed to score any hits. After dive-bombers from three of Admiral Nagumo's carriers immobilized the destroyer, Kirishima and the other two ships resumed firing on Edsall until she sank.

In April 1942, Kirishima and the Third Battleship division joined five fleet carriers and two cruisers in an attack against British naval bases in the Indian Ocean. On 5 April—Easter Sunday—the Japanese fleet attacked the harbor at Colombo in Ceylon, while seaplanes from the Tone spotted two fleeing British cruisers, both of which were later sunk by aerial attack. A floatplane from Kirishima also strafed a withdrawing oil tanker. On 8 April, Japanese carrier aircraft attacked the Royal Navy base at Trincomalee in Ceylon, only to find that all of Admiral James Somerville's remaining warships had withdrawn the previous night. Returning from the attack, a floatplane from Kirishima's sister ship Haruna spotted the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and escorting destroyer HMAS Vampire, which was quickly sunk by a massive aerial attack. Upon returning to Japan, Kirishima was drydocked and her secondary armament configuration modified with the addition of 25 mm antiaircraft guns in twin mounts.

In June 1942, Kirishima sailed as part of the Carrier Strike Force during the Battle of Midway, providing escort for Admiral Nagumo's four fast carriers alongside Haruna. Following the disastrous battle, during which all four Japanese carriers were lost, she took on survivors from the four flattops before returning to Japan. In August 1942, she departed Japan for the Solomon Islands in the company of Hiei, three carriers, three cruisers and eleven destroyers, in response to the American invasion of Guadalcanal. She escorted Japanese carriers during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, during which the light carrier Ryūjō was sunk. Following the battle, the fleet returned to Truk Naval Base. During the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, Kirishima was part of Rear Admiral Hiroaki Abe's Vanguard Force, which provided distant cover to Nagumo's carrier groups. She was attacked by American dive-bombers on 26 October, yet remained undamaged.

On 10 November 1942, Kirishima departed Truk alongside Hiei and eleven destroyers in preparation to shell American positions on Guadalcanal in advance of a major transport convoy of Japanese troops. U.S. Navy reconnaissance aircraft spotted the Japanese fleet several days in advance, and deployed a force of two heavy cruisers, three light cruisers and eight destroyers under the command of Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan in Ironbottom Sound to meet them. At 01:24 on 13 November, the Japanese force was detected 28,000 yards (26 km) out by the light cruiser USS Helena. In the ensuing First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the American task force concentrated the majority of their firepower on the battleship Hiei. This enabled Kirishima to score multiple hits on the heavy cruiser USS San Francisco and Helena, while Hiei crippled the light cruiser USS Atlanta, killing Rear Admiral Norman Scott. Both Hiei and Kirishima then raked San Francisco with shellfire, killing Rear Admiral Callaghan. However, Hiei was in turn crippled by San Francisco and several American destroyers. With Hiei effectively out of the battle, Kirishima and the surviving destroyers withdrew to the north. On the morning of 13 November, she was ordered to tow Hiei to safety. However, the heavily damaged battleship came under air attack, and was eventually abandoned and scuttled.

Washington fires on Kirishima during the Second Naval...

TONE IJN (Japan)

Laid down:1 December 1934 by Mitsubishi, Nagasaki, Launched:21 November 1937
Commissioned:20 November 1938.
Struck: 20 November 1945.
Fate: sunk 24 July 1945 by USN aircraft at Kure, Hiroshima 34°14′N. 132°30′E.
Class and type:Tone-class heavy cruiser, Displacement:11,213 tons (standard) 15,443 maximum. Length:189.10 m (620’ 5”) Beam:19.40 m (63’ 8”) Draught:6.20 m (20’ 4”)
8 Kampon oil-fired boilers, 4 Gihon geared turbines:152,000 shp (113,000 kW) 4 shafts, 35-kn. Range: 8,000 nm/18 kn. Complement:874.
8 × 20cm/50 caliber Type 3s (4x2)
8 × 127 mm (5.0 in) guns
12 × 25 mm (0.98 in) AA guns (6x2)
12 × 610 mm (24 in) torpedo tubes (4x3)
100 mm (3.9 in) (belt)
65–30 mm (2.6–1.2 in) (deck)
Aircraft carried: 6 x Aichi E13A floatplanes.

At the end of 1941, Tone was assigned to CruDiv 8 with her sister ship, Chikuma, and was thus present during the attack on Pearl Harbor. That day, 7 December 1941, Tone and Chikuma each launched one Aichi E13A1 "Jake" floatplane for a final weather reconnaissance over Oahu. At 06.30, Tone and Chikuma each launched short-range Nakajima E8N "Dave" two-seat floatplanes to act as pickets and patrol south of the Striking Force. Tone's floatplane flew to Lahaina, but found no American fleet units present. During the subsequent attack, the battleships Arizona, Oklahoma, West Virginia and California were sunk and Nevada, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Maryland and many smaller ships were damaged.

On 16 December, CruDiv 8 was ordered to assist in the second attempted invasion of Wake Island. Tone launched two "Daves" for anti-submarine patrols. After the fall of Wake Island, CruDiv 8 returned to Kure, Hiroshima. By 14 January 1942, CruDiv 8 was based out of Truk in the Caroline Islands, and covered the landings of Japanese troops at Rabaul, New Britain as well as attacks on Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea. On 24 January, Tone's floatplanes attacked the Admiralty Islands. After 1 February air raid on Kwajalein by Vice Admiral William Halsey, Jr aboard the aircraft carrier Enterprise, Tone departed Truk with the Carrier Striking Force in an unsuccessful pursuit. Chikuma and Tone later participated in the Raid on Port Darwin, Australia on 19 February, destroying 15 aircraft and sinking 11 ships. Tone launched a floatplane to report in weather conditions prior to the attack, but the plane’s radio failed and it returned without reporting. Later, another floatplane had greater success, and shot down a PBY Catalina of the RAAF.

Battle of the Java Sea.
On 1 March 1942, Tone spotted the old American destroyer Edsall, 250 miles (400 km) SSE of Christmas Island. Four days later, floatplanes from Tone and Chikuma took part on the strike against Tjilatjap. On 6 March, Tone rescued a British seaman who had been adrift since his ship had been sunk off Java on 27 February.

Indian Ocean Raids.
On 5 April 1942, Tone was part of a major task force which launched 315 aircraft against British-held Colombo, Ceylon. The old destroyer HMS Tenedos, armed merchant cruiser HMS Hector and 27 aircraft were destroyed and over 500 killed in the harbor, while cruisers HMS Cornwall and Dorsetshire were destroyed at sea. Tone and the rest of the task force returned to Japan in mid-April 1942, when it was almost immediately assigned to the unsuccessful pursuit of Admiral Halsey's Task Force 16.2 with the aircraft carrier USS Hornet after the Doolittle Raid.

Battle of Midway.
At the crucial Battle of Midway, Tone and CruDiv 8 was part of Vice Admiral Chūichi Nagumo's Carrier Striking Force. On 4 June, Tone and Chikuma each launched two "Jakes" to search out 300 miles (480 km) for American carriers. Tone's floatplane discovered American ships, but owing to internal bureaucracy in their command structure its report was not immediately delivered to Admiral Nagumo. As a result, he had already ordered his aircraft to prepare for another attack on Midway before he received the report. Tone was attacked by enemy carrier aircraft during the battle, but sustained no damage, except the loss of a "Dave" with its crew. Chikuma and Tone were then detached to support Vice Admiral Boshiro Hosogaya's Aleutian invasion force. However, the anticipated American counter-attack failed to materialize. CruDiv 8 cruised northern waters uneventfully.

Rear Admiral Chuichi Hara assumed command of CruDiv 8 from 14 July 1942. With the US invasion of Guadalcanal, Chikuma and Tone were ordered south again on 16 August with the aircraft carriers Shōkaku, Zuikaku, Zuihō, Jun'yō, Hiyō and Ryūjō. They were joined by the battleships Hiei, Kirishima, seaplane tender Chitose, and cruisers Atago, Maya, Takao, Nagara.

Battle of the Eastern Solomons.
On 24 August 1942, CruDiv 7's Kumano and Suzuya arrived to join the reinforcement fleet for Guadalcanal. The following morning, a Consolidated PBY Catalina spotted Ryūjō, which Douglas SBD Dauntlesses and Grumman TBF Avengers from Enterprise unsuccessfully attacked. Seven floatplanes from Tone and Chikuma were launched to locate the American fleet. One of Chikuma's planes spotted the Americans, but was shot down before its report could be relayed. However, a second floatplane was more successful, and the Japanese launched an attack against Enterprise, hitting it with three bombs which set her wooden deck on fire. However, in the meantime, the Americans located the Japanese fleet, and Ryūjō was sunk by planes from the carrier Saratoga. Tone was attacked unsuccessfully by two Avengers whose Mark 13 torpedoes missed, returning to Truk safely.

Battle of Santa Cruz.
Through October, Chikuma and Tone patrolled north of the Solomon Islands, awaiting word of recapture of Henderson Field by the Japanese. On 19 October, Tone (with the destroyer Teruzuki) was detached on an independent mission to scout for American ships. Both ships operated off the Santa Cruz Islands until a Kawanishi H6K "Emily" from Jaluit Atoll sighted a carrier off the New Hebrides. On 26 October 1942, 250 miles (400 km) northeast of Guadalcanal, Rear Admiral Hiroaki Abe's task force launched seven floatplanes to scout south of Guadalcanal. They located the American fleet, and Abe followed with an attack by 13 Nakajima B5N2 "Kate" torpedo planes which sank the carrier Hornet and damaged the battleship South Dakota and cruiser San Juan. However, two of the four aircraft launched by Tone during the attack were shot down.

Tone supported Japanese reinforcement efforts at Guadalcanal through mid-November 1942, and was then assigned to patrols from its base in Truk through mid-February 1943. After returning to Maizuru for refit on 21 February, two additional twin-mount Type 96 25-mm AA guns were installed along with a Type 21 air-search radar. On 15 March 1943 Rear Admiral Kishi Fukuji assumed command of CruDiv 8, and Tone was ordered back to Truk. However, on 17 May, Chikuma and Tone were tasked to accompany battleship Musashi back to Tokyo for the state funeral of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. Tone was back in Truk by 15 July, having avoided numerous submarine attacks along the route. From July to November, Tone was engaged in making troop transport runs to Rabaul, and to patrols of the Marshall Islands in unsuccessful pursuit of the American fleet. While back at Kure on 6 November, Tone gained additional 25-mm AA guns, bringing its total to 20. CruDiv 8 was disbanded on 1 January 1944, and both Tone and Chikuma were reassigned to CruDiv 7 (with Suzuya and Kumano) under Rear Admiral Shoji Nishimura. Tone returned to Truk on 2 January. In February, Tone assisted with the evacuation of Japanese forces from Truk to Palau.
From 1 March 1944, Tone was assigned to commerce raiding in the Indian Ocean. On 9 March, Tone sank the...


Laid down, 24 March 1945, at Brown Shipbuilding Co, Houston, TX.
Launched, 21 April 1945, Commissioned USS LSMR-501, 27 May 1945.
Displacement 758 t.(light), 993 t. (attack) 1,175 t. (fully loaded)
Length:62,86m. (206' 3") Beam:10,52m. (34' 6") Draft light:1,62m. (5' 4") fully loaded:2,36m. (7' 9") 2 General Motors (non-reversing with airflex clutch) diesels. Direct drive with 1,440 BHP each @ 720rpm, twin screws, 13 kn. range:3,000 miles @ 13kn. Complement 6 officers, 137 enlisted.
Armament: 1 single 5"/38 dual purpose gun mount, 2 twin 40mm AA gun mounts
4 twin 20mm AA gun mounts, 10 twin continuous loading 5" SS rocket launchers, 4- 4".2 mortars.
Armor 10-lb. STS on conning station, pilot-house, radio room, radar plot, and rocket control, 10-lb. ASPP around 40 and 20mm gun mounts and directors

During World War II USS LSMR-501 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
LSM(R) Flotilla Eighteen, LSM(R) Group Forty-Three, LSM(R) Division One Hundred Four
Decommissioned, 1 August 1946, at Astoria, OR.
Laid up in the Pacific Reserve Fleet, Columbia River Group
Named ELK RIVER and redesigned as Miscellaneous Unclassified (IX-501), 1 October 1955
Converted to a Deep Submergence Support Ship at Avondale Shipyards, Inc., Westwego, LA., and at San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, Hunters Point.
"Special" in service, January 1969
"Active" in service, January 1973
Relegated to barracks craft, October 1986
Struck from the Naval Register,13 August 1999
Final Disposition; sunk as a target, 24 February 2001

Landing Ship Medium were amphibious assault ships of the United States Navy in the World War II.

Of comparable size to Landing Ship, Tank and the Landing Craft, Infantry, there were 558 LSM (Landing Ship, Medium) made for the USN between 1944 and 1945. The majority of vessels built on this versatile frame were regular transports however there were several dozen that were converted during construction for specialized roles. Most vessels of this type were scrapped during the Cold War, but several were sold by the United States Department of Defense to foreign nations or private shipping companies.

One LSM, USS LSM-45 survived in its original configuration until around 2010. It was in storage at Marine Station Camp Lejeune in Jacksonville, NC. It was slated to become the centerpiece of the Museum of the Marine, but due to changed plans was scrapped between 2010 and 2014.

(Somaliland 2011, 2500 a. StG.?)


The frigate, one of the F 67 design was built by Arsenal Lorient for the French Navy.
25 February 1971 laid down.
01 June 1973 launched as the DUGUAY-TROUIN (D 611) one of the Tourville class.
Displacement 4,580 ton standard, 6.100 ton full load. Dim. 152.8 x 15.3 x 5.7m. (draught)
Powered by two Rateau double reduction steam turbines, 58,000 hp, twin shafts, speed 32 knots.
Range by a speed of 18 knots, 4,500 mile.
Armament: 2 – 100mm, 2 – 20mm guns, 4 – 12.7mm MG. 1 Crotale EDIR system launcher with 8 missiles. 6 – Exocet MM 38 anti-ship missiles launchers. 2 – L5 torpedo launchers, carried 10 torpedoes.
Crew 25 officers and 278 crew.
17 September 1975 commissioned. Based at Brest.

After commissioned she was a unit of the Atlantic Squadron based in Brest.
Before she was decommissioned she made a round the world voyage with the helicopter carrier JEANNE D’ARC returning in Brest on 09 April 1999.
13 July 1999 decommissioned.
Then after she was disarmed her empty hull was used as an embankment near the French Naval Academy in Lanvéoc-Poulmic until 2014.
August 2014 she left from there bound for Brest to be prepared for dismantling.
2016 As shown on this photo: ... id=2433570 she is at the French Navel Graveyard at Landévennec waiting for scrapping.

France 1976 1f sg2122, scott? (She is the vessel on the right.)


Built in 1927-1932 by Kure Naval Arsenal, laid down 28-04-1927, launched 16-06-1930, commissioned 30-03-1932.
'Takao' class cruiser, Displacement:9,850 long tons (10,010 t) (standard) 14,616 long tons (14,851 t) (full load) Length:203.76 m (668.5’) Beam:19–20.4 m (62–67’) Draft:6.11 m (20.0’) (standard) 6.32 m (20.7) (full load) 12 × Kampon boilers, 4 × geared steam turbines
4 shafts, 133,100 shp (99,300 kW) Speed:34.2–35.5 kn.
Range:8,500 nm/14 kn. Complement: 773.
Original Layout: 10 × 20 cm/50 3rd Year Type naval guns (5x2)
4 × 12 cm/45 10th Year Type naval guns (4x1)
2 × 40 mm (1.6 in) anti-aircraft guns (2x1)
Type 90 torpedoes (4x2 + 8 reloads)
Final Layout: 10 × 20 cm/50 3rd Year Type naval guns (5x2)
8 × Type 89 12.7 cm dual purpose guns, (4x2)
60 × Type 96 25 mm (1.0 in) AA guns
4 × Type 93 13.2 mm (0.5 in) AA machine guns
Type 93 torpedoes (4x4 + 8 reloads)
depth charges
Belt: 38–127 mm (1.5–5.0 in)
Deck: 37 mm (1.5 in) (main, max); 127–25 mm (5.00–0.98 in) (upper)
Bulkheads: 76–100 mm (3.0–3.9 in)
Turrets: 1 in (2.5 cm)
Aircraft carried: 3 × floatplanes (1 × Aichi E13A1 "Jake" and 2 × Mitsubishi F1M2 "Pete"s)
Aviation facilities: 2 × catapults

Atago was laid down at Kure Naval Arsenal on 28 April 1927, launched on 16 June 1930, and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy on 30 March 1932.[3] Although Takao was the lead ship in the class, Atago was actually completed a day earlier.
All of the Takao class were assigned to the Yokosuka Naval District, forming Sentai-4 of the IJN 2nd Fleet, and trained as a unit during the 1930s. On 14 May 1932, the day before he was assassinated, Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshimade a tour of inspection of the new cruiser. From 26–28 May, Atago hosted Emperor Hirohito on a cruise from Kobeto Etajima and back on the Inland Sea, and the emperor presided over a naval review at Kobe on his returun, Atago was commanded by Captain Ibō Takahashi from December 1932 to November 1933, and by Captain Seiichi Itō from April 1936 until he was relieved from 1 December 1936 to 12 July 1937 by Captain Aritomo Gotō.
During this time, issues with their stability and seaworthiness due to the top-heavy design became evident. Takao and Atago were rebuilt, resulting in an improved design: the size of the bridge was reduced, the main mast was relocated aft, and hull bulges were added to improve stability. After rebuilding was completed, Takao and Atago patrolled off the coast of China in 1940 and early 1941 She was commanded by Captain Tomiji Koyanagi from October 1940 to July 1941.
From 11 August 1941, Atago was commanded by Captain Matsuji Ijuin, and on 29 November was made flagship of Vice Admiral Nobutake Kondō's Sentai-4, along with sister ships Maya, Chōkai, and Takao.
At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Atago had sortied from Mako Guard District in the Pescadores Islands to provide support for Japanese landings in the invasion of Malaya and in the invasion of the Philippines.
From January–March 1942, Atago was based out of Palau, and was involved in operations to seize the oil-rich Netherlands East Indies, participating in numerous combat operations, including the Battle of the Java Sea. On 2 March, south of Bali, Atago and Takao sank the old destroyer USS Pillsbury. On 4 March, Atago, Takeo and Maya, together with the destroyers Arashi and Nowaki attacked a convoy which had departed Tjilatjap for Fremantle,Australia, and sank the Royal Australian Navy sloop HMAS Yarra after a 90-minute battle, along with the British tanker Francol, depot ship Anking, and British minesweeper 51. In the same battle, Atago captured the 1030 ton Dutch freighter Duymaer van Twist and 7089 ton freighter Tjisaroea, both of which were later placed into Japanese service. After taking Vice Admiral Kondō on an inspection tour of Japan’s new possessions in the former Netherlands East Indies, Atago returned to Yokosuka Naval District on 17 April 1942, where she was assigned to the unsuccessful pursuit of Admiral William F. Halsey's Task Group 16.2 (TG 16.2) after the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo .
Atago underwent a second modernization program at Yokosuka from 22 April to 21 May 1942 in which her single 12 cm/45 10th Year Type naval guns were replaced with new dual Type 89 12.7 cm (5 in) dual purpose guns, Atago departed for the Battle of Midway, where she was used to escort the transports ferrying the invasion force. She returned from the battle unscathed.
Guadalcanal campaign.
On 11 August 1942, Atago departed Hashirajima together with Sentai-4 with the IJN 2nd Fleet for Truk, from which she was tasked with “Operation Ka”, the reinforcement of Guadalcanal from 20 August. During the Battle of the Eastern Solomons (24–25 August), aircraft from the American aircraft carrier USS Wasp shot down two of Aichi E13A1 "Jake" floatplanes from Atago that were engaged in reconnaissance missions, killing all four aircrew members in the two aircraft. Atago also played a very minor role in Battle of Santa Cruz Islands (26–27 October)
In the Second Naval Battle of Guadalcanal (15 November), during a night gun duel with the American battleships USS South Dakota and Washington, Atago and Takao hit South Dakota with seventeen 20 cm (8 in) rounds, five 15 cm (6 in) and one 12.7 cm (5.0 in). The battleship Kirishima also hit South Dakota with a single 14 in (360 mm) round that exploded on her aft No. 3 turret's barbette. South Dakota was damaged, but not sunk. Early in the battle, Atago and Takao each launched eight Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes at Washington but they all missed. Atago was damaged slightly as a result of the action, and returned to Kure for repairs on 17 December.
On 25 January 1943, Atago returned to Truk to continue Japanese efforts to hold the Solomon Islands, and eventually to support the evacuation of Guadalcanal. The force consisted of the carriers Zuikaku, Zuihō and Jun'yō, the battleships Kongō and Haruna, heavy cruisers Atago, Takao, Myōkō and Haguro, the light cruisers Nagara andAgano, and 11 destroyers. The Japanese transports were successful in evacuating 11,700 troops from the island.
Atago remained based out of Truk through July 1943, when she returned to Yokosuka Naval Arsenal for her third modernization and refit, which added two triple-mount Type 96 25 mm (0.98 in) anti-aircraft guns.
On 23 August 1943, Atago returned to Truk with Army reinforcements for Rabaul, and continued making sorties supporting Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands through November. In response to American carrier aircraft raiding in the Gilbert Islands, Atago sortied with Vice Admiral Jisaburō Ozawa's fleet to engage the American carriers. The fleet consisted of the aircraft carriers Shōkaku, Zuikaku and Zuihō, the battleships Yamato and Nagato, heavey cruisers Myōkō, Haguro, Tone, Chikuma, Mogami, Atago, Takao, Chōkai and Maya, the light cruiser Agano and fifteen destroyers. Despite extensive searches, this force failed to make contact with the American striking force and returned to Truk.
In response to the Allied landings on Bougainville on 1 November 1943, Atago and several other Japanese cruisers were sent to Rabaul to prepare to attack the Allied landing forces. On 5 November, while refueling at Rabaul, the task force was attacked by 97 planes from the carriers USS Saratoga and Princeton. Atago sustained three near-misses by 500 lb (230 kg) bombs that killed 22 crewmen, including her skipper Captain Nakaoka who was hit by a bomb splinter while on the bridge. On 15 November, Atago returned to Yokosuka for repairs, during which time a Type 22 surface-search radar set, along with additional Type 96 25 mm anti-aircraft guns were installed.
In January 1944, Atago returned to Truk. On 10 February, the...

DUGUAY-TROUIN cruiser 1926

This stamp issued by France in 1976 shows us two warships both named DUGUAN-TROUIN, the stamp was issued that the Reserve Officers Society in France did exist 50th year.
The ship on the left is commissioned in 1926, on the right in 1974.

Built as a cruiser on the Arsenal de Brest at Brest for the French Navy.
04 August 1922 laid down.
14 August 1923 launched as the DUGUAN-TROUIN.
Displacement: 7,249 ton standard, 9,350 ton full load, dim. 181.30 x 17.50 x 6.14m. (draught)
Powered by Parson geared turbines, 102,000 shp., four shafts, speed 33 knots.
Range by a speed of 15 knots, 3,000 mile.
Armament: 8 – 155 mm guns, 4 – 75mm AA guns, 12 – 550 mm torpedo tubes.
Crew 578.
Carried when built two Gourdou-Leseurre GL-812 aircraft, one catapult.
02 November 1926 commissioned.

DUGUAY-TROUIN was the lead ship of a class of French light cruisers, launched in the early 1920s. She was named after René Duguay-Trouin , Sieur du Gué, French privateer, admiral and Commander in the Order of Saint-Louis.
After completion, DUGUAY-TROUIN was assigned to the 2nd Squadron and based at Brest. In 1929, she became flagship of the 3rd Light Division in the Mediterranean and, in 1931, she undertook an extended cruise to Indo-China, then a French colony. DUGUAY-TROUIN returned to the 2nd Squadron at Brest in 1932, this time as flagship, remaining there until 1935. In 1936, she became a gunnery training ship until June 1939, when she joined the 6th Cruiser Division.
World War II
France declared war on 3 September 1939 and DUGUAY-TROUIN, with other French ships commenced Atlantic patrols to intercept German shipping. On 16 October 1939 DUGUAY-TROUIN intercepted the German merchant ship HALLE 200 miles (320 km) south-west of Dakar. HALLE was scuttled to prevent its capture.
In early May, 1940, she was transferred to the eastern Mediterranean, based at Beirut, for operations in the Adriatic and Dodecanese.
After the French surrender, she joined Admiral Rene-Emile Godfroy's Force X at Alexandria, Egypt where she was, with other French warships, disarmed by agreement and interned by the British from 22 June 1940. Axis forces occupied Vichy France in November 1942. DUGUAY-TROUIN rejoined the Allies on 30 May 1943 and was re-armed in July.
Her first Allied employment was as a troop transport in early 1944. She supported the landings in southern France in August 1944 and subsequently undertook bombardments along the Italian coast until April 1945.
In May 1945 DUGUAY-TROUIN bombarded villages in Algeria during the Sétif and Guelma massacre. The ship was later sent to Indo-China and supported army operations against the Viet Minh.
She was decommissioned on 19 March 1952, where after she was scrapped the same year.

France 1976 1f sg2122, scott? ... uay-Trouin

UNION corvette 1865

She was built as a corvette for the Confederacy by Astilleros Jollet Babier & Th. Dubigeon at Nantes France for the navy of the Confederacy States of America.
06 June 1863 ordered as the SAN FRANCISCO, her intended name was CSS GEORGIA when in service. Why she was not taken in the Confederacy Navy I could not find, but in 1864 still under construction was she sold to Peru and renamed UNION.

June 1864 laid down.
November 1864 bought by Peru.
December 1864 launched as the UNION.
Displacement 2,016 ton, dim. 74.07 x 11.12 x 5.34m. (draught)
Powered by a 3-cyl. steam engine, 2,700 hp, one shaft, speed 13 knots.
Armament when built: 12 Voruz 162mm guns and 1 Whitworth 9 pdr. gun.
Brig rigged.
Teak hull, copper sheated.
Crew 137.
January 1865 commissioned.

She sailed from France to Plymouth, England under command of Miguel Grau together with her sister the AMERICA to enlist crew, before heading to Peru.
06 – 26 May 1865 the two ships stayed in Rio de Janeiro for storm damage, after leaving the port again she were running in a other storm of the Brazilian coast were the UNION damaged her masts and rigging and she returned to Rio de Janeiro for repair towed by the AMERICA. The AMERICA continued the voyage alone.
06 July the UNION arrived in Peru, where she was incorporate in the rebellious navy during the Civil War in Peru 1856-1858, who ended when the rebel forces took on 06 November 1865 Lima.
During the Spanish-American War the UNION was send to Chile with some other ships in the fleet to form an Allied Squadron under command of Manuel Villar to fight the Spanish fleet in the Pacific.
After war was declared with Spain the Allied squadron, under which the UNION got in combat with the Spanish frigates REINA BLANCA and VILLA MADRID in the battle the UNION lost 12 men. After the battle the Allied squadron sailed to Huito.
06 June 1865 the Allied squadron joined the INDEPENDENCE and HUASCAR in Ancud where after the fleet sailed to Valparaiso five days later.
Command was taken over in Valparaiso by Juan Guillermo More Ruiz.
After a new Civil War in Peru in 1867 the UNION supported the forces of General Prado del Callao a Mellendo. After a truce was signed with Spain in 1871 the corvette UNION was ordered to sail to England to change her boilers, the voyage almost entirely made under canvas took three and half months with calls at Punta Arena and Bahia.
The repairs were carried out on a yard in Greenhithe, Kent. The UNION was back in Peru 11 July 1873. After a passage of 94 days and many calls at ports during the voyage.
After a revolt broke out on board the HUASCAR on 06 May 1877 a new squadron was formed by the Government of Peru to bring back the HUASCAR under government control. 11 May the squadron sailed from Callao and a battle took place with the HUASCAR at Punta Pichalo in which the HUASCAR escaped, at least on 31 May the HUASCAR was captured.
During the Campaign in the Pacific War the UNION became a unit of the Second Navy Squadron under command of Captain Nicolas Portal.
In the first expedition the squadron sailed from Callao on 07 April 1879 and sighted the Chilean gunboat MAGALLANES and in the Battle of Chipana on 12 April which resulted in a draw the UNION had to return to Callao for boiler repairs which took almost three months.
When returned to service she carried war supplies to Arica, where after she raided shipping on the Chilean coast. 17 July she left Arica in company of the HUASCAR with the intention to capture some Chilean transports. On 19 July the UNION sighted the frigate ADELAIDA ROJAS in Mejillones which was loading 1,700 tons of coal. After capture the frigate was send as a prize with the cargo to Callao.
Early in the morning of 20th July the brigantine SAUCY JACK was captured, she was loaded with copper, she was also send to Callao.
21 July the two ships were off Huasco were they destroyed the mobile units. 22 July she were back in Chanaral were they captured the ADRIANA LUCIA loaded with copper. The prize was sent to Callao. On 23 July she captured the steamer RIMAC, returning to Arica on 25 July.
In papers found on the RIMAC they had learned that another steamer the GLENEG was underway to Chili loaded with weapons and ammunition, the UNION was ordered on 31 July to sail south to the Strait of Magellan and intercept the ship. 13 August the UNION entered the Strait of Magellan and steamed to Punta Arenas arrived there on the 16th. . The arrival of the UNION at Punta Arenas causing huge alarm under the population of the town which was afraid that it was bombarded by the UNION. But the commander informed the town that it not was bombarded while the town did not have any guns to defend. From the people the commander of the UNION learned that the GLENEG had arrived but left on 4 August. UNION after taken on board coal and provision left and returned to Arica. Mostly sailing under canvas it took a while before she on 14 September arrived in Arica.
The UNION and HUASCAR travelled then to Callao escorting the RIMAC which carried a large load of war material and troops to Southern Peru, in Arica some material was unloaded. 30 September 1879 the convoy left ARICA reached Iquique the same day, disembarking 1,500 men under command of General Bustamante. The next day the UNION and HUASCAR sailed south while the RIMAC returned to Callao.
08 October 1879 both ships were sighted by the Chilean Navy and in the Battle of Angamos the HUASCAR was captured by the Chilean Navy while the UNION escaped north and went to Callao for maintenance.
After the repair and maintenance which took one month the UNION sailed under command of Nicolas Portal from Callao and arrived at Arica escorting the Peruvian transport CHALACO who carried war supplies.
17 November the UNION, CHALACO and PILCOMAYO sailed north, when dawn came on the 18th she were sighted by the Chilean BLANCO ENCALADO who captured the PILCOMAYO.
17 December 1879 the UNION sailed from Callao bound for Mollendo where she the 20th arrived, discharging there 1,500 rifles and uniforms for the troops who were quartered in Arequipas.
12 March 1880 under command of Captain Manuel Antonio Vilavicencio Frevre together with the TALISMAN a transport who carried a cargo of supplies to Quilca and the UNION towards Arica.
17 March at dawn the UNION very near to the shore sailed to Arica, outwitting the blockade squadron. When she was unloading her supplies she came under fire of the Chilean blockade squadron but did not much harm to the UNION.
The UNION left the port after 5 pm under full speed and not set course north as was expected by her enemies but south and escaped the blockade but in hot pursuit of the Chilean warships, but she escaped and arrived save in Callao on 20 March. She had many wounded men but only one dead.
10 April 1880 the port of Callao was blockaded by the Chilean navy and the GUACOLDA tried to torpedo the UNION but was not successful.
As a result of the blockade the UNION could not sail out again, she was also in need of repairs, in the mid-1880 her guns were removed and used to strengthen some shore positions.
16 January 1881 she was beached together with other Peruvian navy ships in the port of Callao to prevent that she were falling in Chilean hands. The UNION was beached north of the bay of Callao, burned partly its stern and her engines were destroyed.
Her mainmast was later removed and placed in the courtyard of the main entrance of the Naval School of Peru.

Peru 1979 25s sg1442, scott689.


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