HÉROS

Mauritius issued in 1970 two stamps which shows us Port Louis in 1970 and 1783, the R2.50 stamps gives that it shows the port at the arrival of the French Admiral Suffren on board the HÉROS in 1783 in Port Louis, Ile de France (now Mauritius), comparing stamp with the stern drawing of the ship she is the ship in the front, with the other ship behind the HÉROS must be the VENGEUR of 1765 which arrived with the HÉROS in Port Louis. The stamp is designed after a drawing viewtopic.php?f=2&t=15957&p=18633#!lightbox[gallery]/1/ http://earthwisecentre.org/general/why- ... mauritius/

The HÉROS was built as a third-rate wooden hulled ship-of-the-line by the Toulon Arsenal in Toulon for the French Navy. Designed by Joseph-Marie-Blaise-Coulomb
1778 Keel laid down.
30 December 1778 launched as the HÉROS
Tonnage 1,500 ton burthen, dim. 54.57m length of gundeck, beam 14,02m, depth in hold 6.82m.
Armament: lower gun deck 29 – 36pdr., upper gun deck 30 – 18pdr., quarterdeck and forecastle 16 – 8 pdr. guns.
Crew ?
Commissioned ?.

HÉROS was a 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, known mostly for being the flagship of Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez during the Anglo-French War.
Construction
She was built in 1778 at Toulon on a design by Joseph-Marie-Blaise Coulomb.
Six battles in 27 months
In 1781 she became part of Suffren's force, consisting of the 16-gun frigate FORTUNE, five ships of the line, eight troopships and a thousand soldiers, all entrusted with carrying the French war effort into the Indian Ocean. The other warships were one other 74 gun ship (the ANNIBAL) and three 64-gun ships (the VENGEUR, the SPHINX and the ARTÉSIEN). Suffren had been allowed to choose his officers and non-commissioned officers and so these were mainly from Provence, despite the fact that the force set off from Brest. There were around ten men per gun, making a total crew of 712.
On 22 March 1781 the force sailed for the south Atlantic and on 16 April it met a force under commodore George Johnstone waiting off Cape Verde to attack the Cape. Suffren sailed the HÉROS into the centre of the enemy formation to try to destroy it while it was still at anchor, in what became the battle of Porto Praya. The ship almost fought the battle alone, since the other French ships were not so well commanded or manoeuvred and so engaged the enemy little or not at all. For more than an hour the HÉROS was under continual fire from the British ships - she fired "as fast as it was possible to load and reload" noted a British report of the battle. The ANNIBAL was completely dismasted and her captain was killed, leaving the HÉROS to take her in tow after the battle.
HÉROS was stationed off the Cape from 21 June to 29 August to defend the Dutch colony from a British attack and to repair the damage done to her at Porto Praya. On 25 October she arrived at Mauritius Island to join the French ships already stationed there - these were the ships of the line ORIENT (74 guns), SÉVÉRE (64), BIZARRE (64), AJAX (64), BRILLANT (64) and FLAMAND (56), the frigates POURVOYEUSE (38), FINE (36) and BELLONE (32), the corvettes SUBTILE (24), SYLPHIDE (12) and DILIGENT (10) and the fireship PULVÉRISATEUR (6 or 4 guns). With HÉROS as Suffren's flagship, the eleven ships left the island on 7 December 1781 to attack the British force in the Indian Ocean
On 17 February 1782 the HÉROS fought at the battle of Sadras off the coast of Coromandel, attachking the centre of the British formation and seriously damaging below the waterline Edward Hughes' flagship, the 74 gun HMS SUPERB. HÉROS and the rest of the squadron then called at Pondichéry and Porto-Novo to disembark general Duchemin's troops (21 February to 23 March 1782).
On 12 April, still Suffren's flagship, she fought in the bitter battle of Providien off Sri Lanka. She attacked HMS SUPERB again at pistol-shot range, causing a fire to break out aboard the British ship. She then dismasted HMS MONMOUTH, forcing her to leave the British line. However, the HÉROS was also heavily damaged, losing the top of her foremast. This meant she was no longer maneouvrable and so forced to leave the battle, with Suffren switching his flag to the 64 gun AJAX mid-battle.[ The HÉROS then called at Batticaloa on Sri Lanka with the rest of the squadron for repairs and to rest her crew.
On 6 July HÉROS fought in the battle of Negapatam. The wind suddenly changed direction mid-battle and the broke up the two lines of battle, turning the engagement into a general mêlée. HÉROS saved the 64 gun BRILLANT which had lost her mainmast, then try to engage HMS SUPERB, but the British ship refused to engage and the two squadrons disengaged for the third time after an indecisive battle. HÉROS called at Cuddalore on 8 July and she and the squadron were based there until 1 August. There Suffren met nabab Haidar Ali, who had come with his army to ally with Suffren against the British. The force then sailed again for Sri Lanka.
She and the squadron called at Batticaloa again from 9 to 23 August 1782 to be reinforced by the 74 gun ILLUSTRE and the 60 gun SAINT-MICHEL and seventeen transports with troops and supplies. HÉROS was also placed on her side at Batticaloa to repair her hull, caulking and upperwork. Meanwhile, Suffren prepared an attempt to recapture Trincomalee, the main port on Sri Lanka. On 25 August, en route to Trincomalee, HÉROS had her stern and aftcastle lightly damaged in a collision with the ARTÉSIEN. She was still able to take part in the French landings on 26 August which ended in the surrender of the British garrison on 31 August and the port's recapture.
On 3 September 1782, in the battle of Trincomalee, HÉROS was again engaged against Hughes' squadron, which had come to the aid of Trincomalee. HÉROS, ILLUSTRE and AJAX attacked the British centre but the wind dropped on part of the French line and the rest of the squadron was unable to follow - several captains only bombarded the British ships from a distance contrary to Suffren's orders. A sketch by one of Suffren's officers shows HÉROS spending several hours at the height of the action in the crossfire of HMS SUPERB, HMS MONMOUTH (64 guns), HMS BURFORD (74 guns) and HMS EAGLE (64 guns). She lost her mainmast then her mizzenmast - the latter dragged the French flag into the water with it and for a moment the British thought that Suffren had struck his colours. Unengaged French ships of the line finally managed to tack into the battle and get the HÉROS to safety. Suffren moved to ORIENT and HÉROS was taken in tow by SPHINX, staying at Trincomalee for repairs until 1 October - she was repaired with matured timber and supplies taken from other ships of the line and transport ships.
She and the squadron sailed to Cuddalore in October to support the French garrison there, then under threat of siege. It wintered, resupplied and rested at Sumatra in November and December. On 12 November HÉROS became a floating embassy when Suffren received Alauddin Muhammad Syah, Sultan of Aceh on board her. This was the first French squadron of such size to visit the region and - fearing it was an invasion - Syah wished to find out whether or not its intent was hostile towards him. On 8 January 1783, HÉROS returned to the Indian coast and took part in a deception which captured a British frigate. She then arrived in Cuddalore on 6 February.
From February to June 1783 HÉROS cruised between the Coromandel and Trincomalee coasts, with Suffren making Trincomalee his main base. She was present on 10 March when the squadron was reinforced by a large force under Bussy (consisting of the 74 gun FENDANT and ARGONAUTE, the 66 gun HARDI and transports carrying 2,500 men). Suffren ordered this force to attack the British forces heading for Madras. HÉROS escorted the force before returning to Trincomalee and on 20 June she...

PELICAN OF LONDON training vessel

Of the training ship PELICAN OF LONDON I do not much known on her early history under Norway flag, only that she was used as a double beam trawler (http://www.fao.org/fishery/vesseltype/120/en ) in the Arctic waters and after 1968 used as a coaster along the Norway coast. More info on this part is welcome.
Built as a trawler by Chantiers et Ateliers Augustin Normand, Le Havre for Norway account.
Launched as PELICAN.
1948 Completed.
1968 Sold and refitted in a coastal cargo vessel for Norway account, renamed KADETT.
1995 Sold and refitted in a Tall Ship, renamed in PELICAN OF LONDON.
Tonnage 226 grt, 67 nrt, 260 dwt., dim. 45.0 x 7.03 x 3.95m. (draught)
Powered by one Volvo Penta TAMD 120A-CC diesel engine, 290 hp.
Rigged as a main-mast barquentine, sail area 525 m².
Accommodation for 11 crew and 28 trainees.
2007 In service as a sail training training ship.
PELICAN OF LONDON is a sail training ship based in Weymouth, Dorset in the United Kingdom. Built in 1948 as PELICAN she served as an Arctic trawler and then coastal trading vessel under Norway flag and registry named KADETT until 1995. In 2007 the ship was completed after many years of being re-built as a sail-training ship.
History
Built in 1948 in Le Havre, France, PELICAN was originally a double-beam Arctic fishing trawler, one of five identical ships built in Chantiers et Ateliers, the shipyard once owned by the shipbuilder Augustin Normand. She was sold to a Norwegian firm and spent the next 19 years fishing the Arctic.
In 1968 PELICAN was reclassified from a trawler to a coaster. Her owners renamed her KADETT . She remained KADETT for 27 years until in 1995 she again changed hands.
She was bought by ex-Naval Commander Graham Neilson who transformed her into a tall ship and renamed her PELICAN OF LONDON. He had already undertaken a similar project with the TS ASTRID. Working in Portland Harbour, Dorset, UK, Neilson and his team spent 12 years stripping back the trawler and rebuilding her as a main mast barquentine. A moderate rearrangement of the mainmast standing rigging enables the yards to be braced to half the traditional angle when on the wind, giving the ship unusual windward ability for a square rigger. A trainee on the ship won the 2010 Torbay cup.
As of 2012, PELICAN OF LONDON is operated as a sail training vessel for young people, by the charity Adventure Under Sail. Sail Training International ranks it is a Class A tall ship. In autumn of 2012, PELICAN OF LONDON was scheduled to become the first sailing ship in a century to make a trans-Atlantic voyage from the Port of Liverpool with fare-paying passengers. It's not clear if this voyage took place. PELICAN has completed a number of transatlantic voyages.
PELICAN OF LONDON was advertised for sale in 2012, valued at £2.45 million.
In June 2015 it was noted as an attendee of Tall Ships Belfast 2015.
2017 In service by Adventure Under Sail, same name and owners IMO No 5273339. Based at Weymouth, Dorset U.K.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pelican_of_London
Togo 2017 800F sg?, scott?

HAWAIIAN CHIEFTAIN training sailing vessel

The name given on the stamp as CHEF HAWAIEN is wrong, not one sailing vessel exist under that name, comparing the stamp with photos it must be the HAWAIIAN CHIEFTAIN.
Built as a steel hulled sailing vessel by Lahaina Welding Co. and launched at the Mala Wharf, Lahaina, Maui Hawaii. Her design was made by Raymond H. Richards. Built for the Central Coast Charters, Sausalito, California.
1985 Laid down.
12 June 1988 launched as the HAWAIIAN CHIEFTAIN. She was launched as a complete ship.
Displacement 84 tons, 60 grt. Dim. 31.50 x 6.70 x 1.80m (draught) length bpp. 19.80m.
Rigged as a topsail ketch, with 11 sails, sail area 418 square meter.
Auxiliary engines: Two Volvo Penta TDMI engines, 150 hp each.
Crew 8, 12 trainees and 45 guests.
She was built after a 1790’s trading vessel.

HAWAIIAN CHIEFTAIN is the name of a sailing vessel briefly known as the SPIRIT OF LARINDA. Built in 1988 in Lahaina on the island of Maui, the HAWAIIAN CHIEFTAIN is a contemporary interpretation of a traditional design. She is unique with the rig of a 19th-century trading vessel and a modern triple keel, shallow draft hull. Drawing only 5.5 feet (1.7 m), she is highly maneuverable in shallow waters.
The HAWAIIAN CHIEFTAIN was commissioned by Laurence H. Dorcy, Jr., designed by nautical architect Ray Richards, and built by Lahaina Welding Co. Ltd. on the island of Maui; Drake Thomas was the ship's builder. Lofting, initial hull framing and partial hull plating was performed by Morgan Davies (until his departure from the project in December 1986).Completion of hull welding (including bow and topside plating) was performed by ship welders Ken Bear, Bill Purvis, Lionel Clemons and Oliver Pagttie. Additional expert tradesmen were hired for the rigging (George Herbert/Ivan Hope), ship's carpentry, machinery (Alan Fleming, Carl Geringer) and electrical installation. Master Mariner Des Kearns played a key role as a Project Director from early 1987 until launch in June 1988. Under its paint, her bowsprit bears the inscription "Lahaina Welding Co." Her maiden voyage was to French Polynesia on April 1, 1990 and arriving in Papeete on April 20, 1990. She was based in Sausalito, CA for many years, sailing up and down the coast with the LADY WASHINGTON on Voyages of ReDiscovery, providing hands-on history programs teaching 4th and 5th graders about the exploration and trade along the West Coast in the 1790s.
In the winter of 2004, she was sold to a Cape Cod sailing program and renamed the SPIRIT OF LARINDA; however, due to the unexpected death of her owner, she remained inactive. In October 2005, the Grays Harbor Historical Seaport Authority, owner of LADY WASHINGTON, purchased her to add to its fleet. Returning to her original identity as the HAWAIIAN CHIEFTAIN , she joined up with the LADY WASHINGTON on February 25, 2006 and is now providing joint education and sail training up and down the west coast of the United States.
2017 In service same name and owner, not a IMO No.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaiian_Chieftain Great Sailing Ships of the World by Otmar Schauffelen.
Togo 2017 800F sg?, scott?

NORWEGIAN GETAWAY cruise vessel

Built as a passenger cruise vessel under yard No 692 by Jos L Meyer Werft, Papenburg, Germany for the Breakaway Two Ltd., Nassau, Bahamas and managed by NCL Bahamas Ltd.
20 January 2011 laid down.
02 November 2013 launched as the NORWEGIAN GETAWAY, one sister the NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY.
Tonnage 145,655 grt, 11,110 nrt, dim. 325.7 x 39.7 x 8.30m., length bpp.300.1m.
Powered by two 14-cyl. MAN and two 12-cyl MAN diesel engines which deliver power to two ABB XO Azipods (2 – 17.5MW.) Three Brunvoll bow thrusters (3 – 3 MW), Speed 21.5 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 3,963 persons and 1,646 crew.
15 November 2013 towed from Papenburg to the Eemshaven for trials.
27 November 2013 arrived at Rotterdam.
10 January 2014 completed and delivered to owners, IMO No 9606924.

NORWEGIAN GETAWAY is a cruise ship of the Norwegian Cruise Line. It was built by Meyer Werft in Papenburg, Germany, and was delivered to its owner on January 10, 2014. At the time of its christening it was the world's ninth largest cruise ship with a passenger capacity of 3,969 and a crew of 1,640.
Amenities on board the ship include restaurants by chef Geoffrey Zakarian, an entertainment venue devoted to magic called the "Illusionarium", and another entertainment venue themed in conjunction with the Grammy Awards. The ship is based out of Miami and mostly sails seven-night Eastern Caribbean cruises. It was christened in Miami on February 7, 2014, with the Miami Dolphins Cheerleaders serving as godmothers. The ship departed on its maiden voyage the next day.

Design and description
NORWEGIAN GETAWAY is the sister vessel of NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY and was built by Meyer Werft in Papenburg, Germany, for Norwegian Cruise Line. The name of the ship was selected in a competition, and was submitted by Dennis Hultman of Vienna, Virginia, United States. NCL expects the ship to be based out of Miami year-round. David Le Batard was commissioned by NCL to design the mural on the hull of the ship.
A fire broke out at the shipyard on March 5, 2013, but no one was injured and it did not delay the delivery of the vessel. Smoke from the fire did result in production areas and the visitors centre being evacuated.
Entertainment and restaurants
Entertainment on board the ship includes the "Illusionarium", an entertainment venue devoted to magic and illusion performances. It also includes a 30 feet (9.1 m) high video dome in the middle of the performance area. The water park has five slides, including a freefall drop and two twister slides located side by side in a spiral.
There is a Grammy entertainment venue which includes items taken from the Grammy Museum at L.A. Live in Los Angeles. In line with this, Norwegian Cruise Line became the "Official Cruise Line Partner of the Grammy Awards". Chef Geoffrey Zakarian has food venues on board the ship including the Ocean Blue concept that is already installed on NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY. Ocean Blue forms part of the area on the ship called "The Waterfront" which allows for outdoor dining in most of the restaurants on board. The decking for the waterfront area is provided by Bolidt, who also provided the same for BREAKAWAY. The end of each cruise will be marked by a fireworks display at sea.
Itineraries
The vessel arrived in Southampton from Rotterdam at 0800 UTC on 14 January, leaving for two crew work-up day-cruises in the English Channel on the 14 and 15 January, before departing from Southampton for New York at 17.00 UTC on Saturday 16 January.
While in New York it was temporarily rechristened the "Bud Light Hotel" to house 4,000 people during its docking at the New York Passenger Ship Terminal during the week of Super Bowl XLVIII.
It began sailing from Miami later in February 2014, with cruises to Philipsburg, Sint Maarten; Charlotte Amalie, United States Virgin Islands; and Nassau, Bahamas.
In 2015, the ship will take over the NORWEGIAN EPIC’s Western Caribbean run, stopping at Great Stirrup Cay, Bahamas; Ocho Rios, Jamaica; George Town, Grand Cayman; and Cozumel, Mexico.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_Getaway
Sierra Leone 2017 In margin of sheet.

ENGLISH TWO-DECKER 1650

This stamp issued by St Kitts Nevis Anguilla of 1970 shows an English war-ship, a two decker from 1650. The vessel is not identified but I think the design is taken from a painting.

A two-decker is a sail warship which carried her guns on two fully armed decks. Usually additional guns were carried on the upper works (forecastle and quarterdeck), but this was not a continuous battery, so were not counted.
Two-deckers ranged all the way from the small 40-gun Fifth rate up to 80- or even 90-gun ships of the line, with the third-rate of seventy-four guns, or "seventy-four", being the archetype.

Source: Wikipedia
St Kitts Nevis Anguilla 1970 1c sg 207, scott (The painting shows a English two-decker painted by Willem van der Velde junior.)

NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY cruise vessel

Built as a passenger cruise ship under yard No 678 by Jos L. Meyer Werft, Papenburg, Germany for Breakaway One Ltd., Nassau, Bahamas. Managed by NCL Bahamas Ltd.
Many segments of the ship were built at the Neptun Werft, Rostock a sister company of the Meyer Werft, after completing the segments were put on a pontoon and towed to Papenburg.
04 May 2012 laid down.
26 February 2013 pulled out of the building dock under the name NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY, one sister the NORWEGIAN GETAWAY.
Tonnage 145,655 grt, 11,000 dwt, dim. 324.0 x 39.70 x 8.30m. (draught), length bpp. 300.1m.
Powered by two MAN 14V48/60CR (2 – 16,800 kW) diesels and two MAN 12V48/60CR (2 – 14.400 kW.) Propulsion by two ABB XO Azipods (2 – 17.5 MW and three Brunvoll bow thrusters (3- 3MW.)
Speed 21.5 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 3,963 passengers and 1,657 crew.
13 March 2013 left Papenburg bound for the Eemshaven, during March she made some sea trials.
24 April delivered to owners. Homeport Nassau, Bahamas, IMO No 9606912.
25 April 2013 Sailed from Bremerhaven bound for Rotterdam.
28 April 2013 left Rotterdam via Southampton for New York.
08 May 2013 christened in New York.

NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY is a cruise ship operated by Norwegian Cruise Line. Construction of NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY began on 21 September 2011, when the first piece of steel was cut at the Meyer Werft shipyard in Papenburg, Germany. She was delivered to NCL on 25 April 2013. Following the handover, NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY left the port of Bremerhaven, heading for Rotterdam. Following several inaugural events, she started her transatlantic cruise from Southampton to New York City, where the naming ceremony took place. On 12 May 2013 she headed to Bermuda to start her seven-day cruises.
She is 146,600 GT in size, and has capacity for 3,963 passengers, double occupancy. The ship has a total of 1,024 staterooms and 238 suites, designed by Priestmangoode and Tillberg Design.
NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY is home ported at the New York Passenger Ship Terminal in Manhattan, making seven-night cruises to Bermuda (May thru Sept) and seven-night cruises to the Bahamas & Florida (October thru April). She is the largest cruise ship homeported year-round from New York City.
The ship, along with her sister NORWEGIAN GETAWAY, was named through a public contest; Kimberly Powell submitted the name NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY, which was announced on 14 September 2011. The ship's godmothers are the New York dancing troupe The Rockettes.
Onboard features include a restaurant, Ocean Blue, by Geoffrey Zakarian, and a comedy club, named Headliners, where a Second City company performs. The godmothers of the ship are The Rockettes. Peter Max designed the hull art.
At launch NORWEGIAN BREAKAWAY was the world's ninth largest cruise ship.
Incidents and accidents
On 17 September 2013, a woman fell two decks from her exterior balcony prior to arriving in Bermuda.[11] On 3 February 2014, a 4 year old fell into the pool and drowned, while a 6 year old was revived and evacuated by Marine helicopter to a hospital. On 28 July 2014, a 4-year-old boy fell off his bunk and had to be evacuated by a Marine helicopter to a hospital after sustaining a head injury. On 20 July 2016, one crewmember was killed and three were injured by an accident during a rescue boat drill.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_Breakaway
Sierra Leone 2017 le9800 sg?, scott?

TÉLÉMAQUE 1770

The Seychelles issued in 1970 four stamps for the 200th anniversary of the first settlement on Saint Anne Island of which two shows a sailing vessel.

The vessel which arrived there in 1770 with the first settlers was the French brig TÉLÉMAOUE and most probably she is depict on the stamp, of the vessel I can’t find much, her homeport was St Malo, France. Most probably not a drawing of painting of the ship exist, and the stamp shows us a vessel of that time.
The French Governor François des Roches and businessmen of Ile de France (Mauritius) became interested to found a settlement and port of call for the French ships on the Seychelles, and to grow spices, the climate on the island was good to grow nutmeg, clove and cinnamon.
When Mr. Brayer du Barré on 12 August 1770 obtained the authorization to create on the Seychelles a settlement, quickly some men were hired and slaves bought and already on the 27 August 1770 the new settlers disembarked from the TÉlÉMAQUE on Saint Anne Island 25 men and 1 black woman Mary to form the first settlement on the island.
After the vessel left I could not find anything on the TÉLÉMAQUE and her fate is unknown.

Seychelles 1970 20c and 50c sg 280/81, scott?
Source Internet.
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