500 YEARS OF PORTUGUESE DISCOVERIES

In 1989 three stamps were used by Portugal to honour 500 years of Portuguese Discoveries.
The pearls of the history of Portugal are without a shadow of doubt the discovery voyages and the achievement of the Portuguese navigators.
The stamp were designed after drawings by Carlos Alberto Santos.
The 30e stamp, I have not any idea which building is depict.

From Mr. Jean-Louis Araignon I received the following information on the stamp:

On the stamp is written in Portuguese 100 centenary of Se de Braga (the cathedral of Braga).
The picture match with the south side of cathedral, not with the front side which appear in most of pictures:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braga_Cat ... aga-02.jpg

I can not find a connection between Braga and discovery voyages, also Braga is a inland town, that the stamp has not a maritime connection.

The 55e shows us a caravel in front of the Sao Jorge da Mina fortress. On the Gold Coast (now Ghana), de fort is better known as Elmina Castle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elmina_Castle
The 60e shows three sailors with a chart and an astrolabe on board most probably a caravel. The vessel in the background is a caravel.

Portugal 1989 30/60p sg2126/28 scott ?
Source Internet. Portuguese Post

TANIN and RAHAV submarines

The Israel Navy did not have any submarines when it was founded in March 1948. The thought of acquiring and operating submarines did not ripen until a few years later. It was a bold and innovative step for the teams slated to operate these submarines as well as the technical personnel who would maintain them. Submarine personnel are selected meticulously, as they must be extremely level-headed and professional, and beyond all else must be able to work and live as a team.

S Class Submarine, 1959
The Navy's flotilla of submarines was established in 1959 and included two outdated submarines purchased from the British Navy's surplus. These submarines, with all their limitations, served as a first step for Israel's young Navy. One of them, the INS (Israeli Naval Ship) TANIN, participated in a daring operation during the Six Day War.

Only two submarine of the S Class have been sailing under the Israeli flag the TANIN and RAHAV, only the class is given, below are the details of the two submarines depict on the stamp.

TANIN: Built as a submarine under yard no 1142 by Cammell Laird & Co. Limited., Birkenhead for the Royal Navy.
08 May 1944 laid down.
14 May 1945 launched as HMS SPRINGER (P264) one of the S Class.
Displacement 814-872 ton surface, 990 tons submerged. Dim. 66 x 7.16 3.4m. (draught surface)
Powered by two 8-cyl. Admiralty diesel engine 1,550 hp., Admiralty electro motor 1,300 hp, speed surface 14.5 knots, submerged 10 knots.
Bunker capacity 44 tons.
Range by a speed of 10 knots, 6,000 mile.
Armament: 1 - 3inch gun, 1 20mm cannon and 3 – 303 calibre machine guns. 6 forward torpedo tubes 21 inch and 1 stern tube 21 inch.
Crew 48.
02 August 1945 commissioned.

HMS SPRINGER was an S class submarine of the Royal Navy, and part of the Third Group built of that class. She was built by Cammell Laird and launched on 14 May 1945. So far she has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name SPRINGER.
Built as the Second World War was drawing to a close, she did not see much action. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.

Israeli Navy service as TANIN, Six Day War
SPRINGER was sold to the Israeli Navy in 1958 and renamed TANIN S71 (Hebrew: תנין‎; Crocodile or Tannin). TANIN participated in the Six Day War, launching naval commandos to attack the port of Alexandria. She then tried to torpedo an Egyptian sloop but was severely damaged by a depth charge counter attack. Her commander was awarded the Medal of Courage for his actions at the port of Alexandria. She received spare parts from her sister ship RAHAV, formerly HMS SANGUINE, when RAHAV was retired in 1968. TANIN was listed for disposal in 1972.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_SPRINGER_(P264)

RAHAV: built as a submarine by Cammell Laird & Co. Limited at Birkenhead for the Royal Navy.
10 January 1944 laid down.
15 February 1945 launched as HMS SANGUINE P266 one of the S Class.
Details the same as the TANIN.
13 May 1945 commissioned.

HMS SANGUINE was an S class submarine of the Royal Navy, and part of the Third Group built of that class. She was built by Cammell Laird and launched on 15 February 1945. So far she has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name SANGUINE.
Built as the Second World War was drawing to a close, she did not see much action. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

Israeli Navy as RAHAV
SANGUINE was sold to the Israeli Navy in 1958 and renamed RAHAV S73 in March 1959, after the mythical sea-monster Rahab. Not operational during the Six-Day War, she was retired in 1968 and cannibalized for spare parts for TANIN, formerly HMS SPRINGER, RAHAV’s sister ship which did see combat in 1967.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_SANGUINE_(P266)

Israel 2017 2s50 sg?, scott?
Source: Info received from Mr. Dotan with thanks, and Internet.

ESPRIT DE BARACHOIS painting

In 2013 St Pierre et Miquelon issued two stamps of 0.60 Euro with paintings on it. The stamp painted by the French maritime painter François Bellec gives Esprit de barachois and shows us “doris” pulled on shore by a capstan at Langlade. More info on the doris is given on: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=11927&p=12785&hilit=doris#p12785

The photo shows the capstan they use to pull the doris on shore. On the stamp red painted.

A barachois is a term used in Atlantic Canada and Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Mauritius Island to describe a coastal lagoon separated from the ocean by a sand or shingle bar. Salt water may enter the barachois during high tide.
The bar often is formed as a result of sediment deposited in the delta region of a river or - as is the case in Miquelon - by a tombolo.
The term comes from a Basque word, “barratxoa”, meaning “little bar”. The popular derivation from the French “barre à choir” is without historical merit.
In Newfoundland English, the word has become written and pronounced as barrasway.
The term is also used to describe the coves in the lagoon of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean.
Grand Barachois is a large natural lagoon in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. It lies immediately south of Miquelon Island, and is formed largely by the 12 kilometre-long tombolo of La Dune.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barachois
St Pierre et Miquelon 2012 0.60 Euro, sg?, scott?

RAFAEL MONLEON Y TORRES shipspaintings

St Thomas and Prince Islands issued in 1989 a set of five stamps and six miniature sheets al with paintings made by the Spanish painter Rafael Monleón y Torres https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Monle%C3%B3n and in the margins of five miniature sheets drawings of ships and boat types around the world.

1)Shows a caravel on the left, and on the right a caravel redondo in the background two ships which are too small to say which type is depict. The drawing in the margin is a galleon.

2)The larger ship on the right is a galleon, do not known the type of the other two. The margin shows us drawings of Japanese sampans.

3)Shows us two caravel’s, the drawing in the margin is a Spanish galleon which is used for a few stamps:
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9867&p=10214&hilit=galleon#!lightbox[gallery]/1/

4)The inscription gives caravel’s and it looks on a road or port. In the margin some Italian boat types.

5)In the middle a caravel, on the right and left caravel Redondos, in the margin in the top boats used on the Euphrates and Tiger river and in the lower part in the river Nile.

6)The vessel on the stamp is German, I believe a yacht with leeboards and has not much to do with a caravel. The flag she is flying is also German. Maybe a German reader can give the name for the vessel.

St Thomas and Prince Island 1989 20d and 50d sg?, scott 891/895 and 897.

ANDRE PATUREL

For the 70th Anniversary of his birthday, St Pierre et Miquelon issued one stamp in 2012 to honour André Paturel (1942-1987).

He was an important economic person for the port and tourism in St Pierre.
As a fisherman, he founded a fishing company in Miquelon and invested a lot in the youth sailing sport, the reason that a sailing yacht is depict on the stamp.

Source: Internet.
St Pierre et Miquelon 2012 0.33 Euro sg?, scott?

SAILING SHIPS OF THE WORLD (Grenada)

In 2001 Grenada issued a sheet “Sailing Ships of the World” and from the left to the right are shown:
1)English Carrack: It looks that the GREAT HARRY is depict, the Paraguay stamp issued in 1980 Gs 6 looks almost the same as this stamp: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=6551&p=18369&hilit=great+harry#!lightbox[gallery]/4/

2)Mediterranean carrack: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10705&p=11298&hilit=carrack#p11298

3)Spanish galleon: I do not believe a Spanish galleon is depict, comparing images with the stamp I believe the SANTA MARIA Columbus ship is depict she was a carrack or nao When you look at stamps with Spanish galleons you see that this type has much more rigging and sails. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=11966&p=12844&hilit=Spanish+galleon#p12844

4)Elizabeth crumster: the name is wrong it must be CROMSTER, viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10428&p=10929&hilit=cromster#p10929

5)British East Indiaman: The stamp shows a square rigged vessel on 3 masts, with a lateen sail on the mizzen mast, under the bowsprit a spritsail with a square sail above it. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12612&p=16648&hilit=east+indiaman#!lightbox[gallery]/2/

6)Clipper ship: The design on the stamp looks that she have used the FLYING CLOUD. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=13935

7)British gun ship: By the Royal Navy not any sailing gun ship was in service, most probably the meaning is a Royal Navy vessel armed with so many guns (First rate etc.). By the Royal Navy a gunboat is the general name to a small naval vessel, well-armed and often of shallow draught for use in rivers and close inshore.

8)British flagship: It was a Royal Navy ship which carried an admiral or commander-in-chief, and flying his flag of command.

9)English Hoy: Small sturdy coaster that worked out of English Channel and North Sea ports and on navigable tributary rivers during the 15th-18th centuries. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10025&p=10409&hilit=hoy#p10409

Grenada 2001 $1 sg?, scott?
Source: Internet.

HERMAPHRODITE BRIG rigged

St Pierre et Miquelon issued in 1989 a miniature sheet for “Philixfrance 89” in Paris and the bicentenary of the beginning of the Revolution and the storming of the Bastille in 1789 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storming_of_the_Bastille

One stamp has a maritime theme the top right stamp shows us the Bastille and in the foreground a sailing vessel, between the Bastille and the sailing vessel is a silhouette of St Pierre visible. The sailing vessel is rigged as a hermaphrodite brig. A term used in the late 18th and early 19th century for a vessel that carried as many as 5 square sails on the foremast and a fore-and-aft mainsail with a gaff topsail. Numerous staysails between the masts and the jibs to a long bowsprit.
The type is now mostly called a brigantine.
I think the vessel depict was used in the fishing on the Grand Banks and has not much to do with the Bastille.

Source: Aak to Zumbra a Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.
St Pierre et Miquelon 1989 5.00 Fr. sgMS 615, scott?a
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