On 24th of November, 2017 the State Committee for Information Technology and Communications of the Kyrgyz Republic puts into circulation a souvenir sheet with one Kyrgyz Express Post postage stamp: “The Great Silk Road”.
For many centuries the Great Silk Road was an important means of trade ties and dialogue between the cultures of the West and the East. The longest stretch of the Silk Road passed through the territory of Central Asia, including Kyrgyzstan. Along the Silk Road, rich cities, commercial settlements and caravanserais emerged and flourished. In the territory of Kyrgyzstan, these include: Djul, Suyab, Novokent, Balasagun, Borskoon, Tash-Rabat, Osh, Uzgen.
In 2013, the People's Republic of China put forward the concept of the "New Silk Road" better known as “The Belt and Road Initiative”. This concept involves the creation, by 2030, of an extensive infrastructure network from the western borders of China through the countries of Central Asia and Iran to Europe.
The miniature sheet description.

The Great Silk Road: track routes on a map, camel caravans, Chinese vases, modern means of transportation (train, plane). On the sheet borders an ancient Chinese sailing ship, a compass, a loom, a fan, a red dragon are depicted. A QR-code is placed in the upper left corner.
The vessel on the vase is a western vessel from around 1600-1700, while the vessel in the margin is a Chinese junk.
More is given on this route by Wikipedia:

Source: Kyrgyzstan Post web-site.
Kyrgyzstan 2017 150K sgMS?, scott?

Galleons XVI

Galleon, full-rigged sailing ship that was built primarily for war, and which developed in the 15th and 16th centuries. The name derived from “galley,” which had come to be synonymous with “war vessel” and whose characteristic beaked prow the new ship retained. A high, square forecastle rose behind the bow, the three or four masts carried both square and fore-and-aft sails, and one or two tiers of guns were carried broadside. The largest galleons were built by the Spanish and the Portuguese for their profitable overseas trade; the famed “Manila galleons” of Spain made an annual trip between Acapulco, Mexico., and the Philippines, carrying silver west and raw silk east, for more than 250 years. On the sheetlet of Gabon depict galleons XVI:
600f- Elizabeth- see more details: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=16223
880f;1150f-galleon- see more details: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=11966.
1500f-Golden Hind- see more details: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9041
Gabonaise 2017;600f;880f;1150f;1500f;Ms.

Elizabeth Jonas-english galleon (1559)

The Elizabeth Jonas of 1559 was the first large English galleon, built in Woolwich Dockyard from 1557 and launched in July 1559. The vessel's keel was laid in 1557, for a ship of 800 tons burthen to replace Henry VIII's prestige warship, the Henry Grace à Dieu, which had been destroyed by fire in 1553. Originally intended to be named Edward after Edward VI of England, she was renamed when Elizabeth I came to the throne. She was a square-rigged galleon of four masts, including two lateen-rigged mizzenmasts. Elizabeth Jonas served effectively under the command of Sir Robert Southwellduring the battle of the Spanish Armada in 1588. In 1597-98 she was rebuilt as a razee galleon. In the early seventeenth century she was listed as one of the Navy's Ships Royal, denoting the largest and most prestigious vessels in the fleet. A 1618 commission of enquiry confirmed the designation, but found that years of inactivity had left her entirely unserviceable. Later that year she was broken up for scrap at Woolwich Dockyard.
Gabonaise 2017;600f.


Built in 1965-’66 by Vickers Ltd., Yard Walker, Newcastle, #183, launced 26-06-’65, completed 04-’66 for New Zealand Railways Department, Wellington, cost:$NZ 4 million.
Ro-ro passenger ship, Gt:4542, Nt:1542, Dw1110, Loa:112.20m. lbp:104.02m. B:18.62m. D:8.51m. Draft:4.78m. 6-16 cyl. English Electric diesels:10,590 bhp. (7790 kW.) driving 4 electric motors each 2250 shp. (1655kW.) 2 shafts, 17 kn. 2 thrusters forward, passengers:800, 30 railroad wagons, 70 vehicles, side door and stern door, crew:90, IMO.6517067, call sign HZJW.
Service between North and South Islands.
In ’77 rebuilt at Dunedin, passengers:950.
Laid up at Wellington in June’84 and sold 4 months later to the Najd Marine Agencies Panama, renamed ARANUI I, ’85 to Najd Trading & Construction Co. Jeddah, renamed NUI, she commenced service carrying Moslem pilgrims on the Red Sea.
In ’86 renamed NAJD III, 5 years later, following an engine failure, she laid up at Singapore, in ’92, her owners were unable to make progress payments for a repair, she arrived at Chittagong breakers H Steel on 03-11-’94.

(New Zealand 2018, $3.30, StG.?) in the background
Internet + LR88/89


There were a number of common ship types in medieval Europe. Ship designs produced by different cultures were influenced by such things as intended uses (e.g human transport, short-distance trade, long-distance freighting, combat), the depth and roughness of waters to be traversed, character of local coasts and harbourage, kinds of wood available, traditional techologies and design solutions, and a general trend towards building ships that were larger, yet better able to cope with the stresses of oceanic sailing. In broad terms a distinction has been made between ship types developed in northern Europe and those constructed by Mediterranean countries. But as merchants from all over Europe sought commercial opportunities further afield, knowledge of different design solutions spread and there was cross-fertilization between the various ship types. Тype of ship, the cog, derived from a barge-style fat-bottomed boat, developed in response to the need for merchant vessels able to transport bulkier loads. It was employed effectively by the towns of the Hanseatic League in particular, as they captured a prominent role in international trade (particularly the cloth-making industry focused in the Low Countries, whose waters were shallow). Merging the best features of southern and northern ship types continued in the fifteenth century. Northern builders had realized, towards the close of the previous century, that steering and wind propulsion were improved by an additional mast above the aftcastle, carrying a lateen sail; this second mast became a common feature of new ships during the fifteenth century, and some ships were fitted with a third mast and sail, above the forecastle. As the result of the convergence, the predominant type of ship by the late fifteenth century was the carrack. In addition to the changes indicated above, a distinctive feature was that fore and aft castles were designed as integral parts of the hull. Rigging became more elaborate; for instance, the foresail and foremast were steadied with the help of ropes attached to a bowsprit projecting from the forecastle; the bowsprit might support a yard-arm bearing a small sail. Hull modifications were also made to support heavier artillery. On the sheetlet of Gabon depict medeval sail ships:
600f –GREAT HARRY - see more details: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=6551
880f-HANSEATIC COG- see more details: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=16213
1150f- THE SHIP of RICHARD III-see more details: 16219
1500f-SAN MARTIN- see more details: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14254
Gabonaise 2017;600f;880f;1150f;1500f;Ms.

The ship of Richard III

On the stamp-ship "Thomas", I did not find such a ship, but on the construction and sail I assumed that it belongs to the time of Richard III.
The construction of the ship belongs to the period of the reign of the English King Richard III (1483-1485). On the personal seal of the king, a detailed and clear depiction of the ship remained, which allowed it to be relatively reliably reconstructed. In its appearance, the ship differs little from the Scandinavian augers. The sharply curved and highly elongated stems are cut off, the battlegrounds for the soldiers of Richard III's personal guard represented a single whole with the ship. The ship is single-masted, with a combat platform for crossbowmen, a straight sail, richly ornamented. The stern steering wheel with the tiller was attached to the stern by means of steering pins. The largest length is 23-29 m, width 5.6 - 5.8 m, sludge 1.7 m. Displacement 180-250 m. Armament - up to 1 5 small-caliber guns. The crew - 75 sailors and 25 - 30 soldiers, archers, crossbowmen and gunners.
Source: VA Dygalo: Sailboats of the World. Part 1. Gabonaise 2017;1150f.


Built by Alexander Hall & Sons Ltd. Aberdeen, #706, launched on 27-07-1945, completed 08-’45 as EMPIRE SHIRLEY for Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) London.
Tug, Gt:232, Lbp:34.35m. B:8.35m. D:3.70m. Scotch boiler, fitted for oil fuel 1-3 cyl. triple expansion engine:123 nhp. IMO.5352575.
Sold in 1947 to Union Steamship Company of New Zealand and renamed TAPUHI.
On 10 April 1968, TAPUHI rescued 170 of 733 passengers of the stricken New Zealand inter-island ferry, WAHINE (see there) when the ship was hit by a storm and sunk during a routine channel crossing from New Zealand's South Island to its North Island.
Sold to Fijian owners in 1976 and renamed TUI TAWATE for Salvage Pacific Ltd., Suva. Used in salvage operations on the ss PRESIDENT COOLIDGE (see there) Carried salvaged oil to the passenger ship ARCADIA.
Sold in 1980 to Reece Discombe, Suva, Fiji and renamed TUI TUATE. Sold in 1987 to Clement Griffiths, Wellington, New Zealand. At this time, she was laid up at Port Vila, Vanuatu.
Mr. Griffiths intended to move the TUI TAWATE back to Wellington and renovate it as a floating restaurant to memorialize WAHINE Day. However, the tug was not sufficiently sea worthy to withstand the tow and so the TUI TAWATE was left abandoned in Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. Now a Dive Site.

(New Zealand 2018, $1, StG.?) in the background.
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