Click image to view full size
The last battle of the First Anglo-Dutch War 1652- 1654 was the result of a Dutch attempt to break the blockade imposed by the English following their victory at the Gabbard on 2/3 June 1653.
On the 24 July 1654 Admiral Maarten Harpertz Tromp’s on board the BREDERODE (on a Marshall Island stamp) and a fleet of 100 ships sailed from the naval base near the River Maas for the island Texel on the North coast of the Netherlands. The naval base there was blockaded by an English Naval force of 100 ships under command of General George Monck.
The Dutch squadron at Texel under command of Admiral Witte de With consisted of 37 ships under which 10 fire ships.
When Monck was reported that Tromp has sailed out he was lured to the south in pursuit of the Dutch fleet, both fleets sighted each other on 29 July off Katwijk and about 30 ships were involved in this partial engagement.
The main purpose of the Dutch was to enable Admiral de With to sail from Texel, and when he did see the blockading fleet leave, de With sailed out immediately.
The Dutch squadrons met off Scheveningen the next day.
31 July off Scheveningen both fleets met around 06.30 a.m. and the battle commenced. At 11.00 the Dutch suffered a major setback when Admiral Tromp was struck by a stray bullet and mortally wounded.
Tromp’s dead was for many hours concealed on the Dutch fleet.
The fighting was heavy special in the morning and both fleets got heavy losses and severe damage on the ships. During the afternoon the Dutch fleet gradually retreated, and by midnight the English fleet had gone, and the Dutch fleet came to anchor on the road of Texel. Some Dutch ship sank and other burned out, but not any ship was captured by the English fleet, casualties on both side were about the same both lost 1000 men. The English ships losses were less but the fleet had to sail back to England for repair.
With the death of there most admired Admiral Tromp and a much-reduced fleet, the Dutch lost the will to fight, and on 5 April 1654 the Treaty of Westminster was signed in terms favorable for England.
The stamp is designed after a painting in the possession of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, painted by the Dutch artist Jan Abrahamz Beerstraten.
The ship in the centre of the stamp with the Dutch flag flying is the BREDERODE, Tromp’s flagship.
Gambia 2001 D7 sg?, scott
Geschiedenis van Nederland ter Zee by J.C.Mollema. An Encyclopedia of Naval History by A. Bruce and W. Cogar.