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Battle of Tenerife 1797

TENERIFE 1797. Spanish General Antonio-Gutierrez (1729-1799) defeated British invasion fleet of 8 ships under Nelson - Spain 1979. 5p. SG2584 (K R Berry)

Battle of St Vincent 1797

ST VINCENT 1797. Fought between a British fleet of fifteen ships of the line under Admiral Sir John Jarvis and a Spanish fleet of twenty-seven ships of the line under Admiral Don Jose de Cordova. The Spaniards were sailing from Cartagena to Brest to join the combined fleet of France and Holland. On the morning of 14th February 1797 they were off Cape St Vincent, due to the weather they were in considerable disorder with many ships making their way independently to Cadiz. They therefore lacked all cohesion as a fleet when they were sighted by Jarvis early on that morning, being in two loose, widely separated groups. Jarvis led his fleet in line ahead between the two groups and engaged the lee division of ships. The larger weather division were sailing in roughly parallel but opposite course to the British and would have escaped had not Commodore Nelson on his own initiative worn out of line to cut across the escaping Spaniards. Nelson sailed the CAPTAIN across the bows of the Spanish squadron followed by the EXCELLENT (Collingwood). Badly damaged the CAPTAIN succeeded in coming alongside the 80 gun Spanish SAN NICHOLAS which had fallen foul of the 112 gun SAN JOSEPH. Nelson boarded first the SAN NICHOLAS and then swept on from her deck to take the SAN JOSEPH as well. In the overall battle four Spanish ships of the line were captured and the demoralised remainder made the best way they could to safety. - Guernsey 1986 29p SG362: Upper Volta 1976 200f SG417

Battle of Samos

SAMOS. Himerios had some successes against the allied Saracen squadrons in 910, but suffered a heavy defeat at the Battle of Samos in 911. The battle took place between the island of Samos and. Chios and during it he lost the greater part of the Byzantine navy. On returning to Constantinople in 912 he found that Alexander had succeeded Leo VI on the latter's death and was consigned by Alexander to a monastery for losing the Empire its effective fleet. - Greece 1971 3d SG1172

BRIN submarine

Built as a submarine by Tosi in Taranto, Italy for the Italian Navy.
03 February 1936 laid down.
03 April 1938 launched as the BRIN, one of the two Brin class submarines.
Displacement 913 ton surface, 1,245 ton submerged. Dim. 72.5 x 6.7 x 4.5m.(draught).
Powered by two Tosi diesels, 3,200 hp, twin shafts, speed surface 17 knots, two electric motors, 1,200 hp, speed submerged 8 knots.
Range by a speed of 10 knots, 18,000 mile, surface.
Armament 1 – 100mm deck gun, 4 – 13.2mm AA. 8 – 21 inch torpedo tubes, 4 bow, 4 stern. Carried 14 torpedoes.
Crew 58.
18 April 1939 commissioned.
30 June 1938 completed.
This was the submarine after which the Brin class was named. Deriving from the Archimede class, it retained the previous class excellent characteristics and performances.

Amongst the improvements, the deck gun was installed aft of the cunning tower higher than the deck. This way, it was assumed that the use of the deck gun in high seas would be easier. In actuality, this solution ended up not being too practical thus, during the conflict, he gun was reposition forward of the cunning tower.

The Brin class were later added two new boats slightly different from the original three in both dimensions and displacement. While nearly completed, the Regia Marina transferred to the Spanish Nationalist Navy the ARCHIMEDE and TORRICELLI of the “Archimede” class. To replace them, it was decided to lay down at the Tosi Shipyard of Taranto two new submarines. At the two new boats were assigned the names of the two units transferred to Spain, thus ARCHIMEDE and TORICELLI. Despite the few differences, they were still classified as belonging to the Brin class.

In peace time, the BRIN completed training and in 1939 operated along the Red Sea and Indian Ocean. At the beginning of the conflict, Lieutenant L. Longanesi Cattaneo completed four war patrol in the Mediterranean, however fruitless, and in 1940 the boat was ordered to the Atlantic at the base in Bordeaux.

On October 28th, 1940 the BRIN left Messina to reach the French base and, on November 4th, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar. Having surfaced at 3:30 PM two miles off Cape Malabata, in Spanish territorial waters, it was attacked by two British motorboats which, although did not use firepower in Spanish waters, attempted to ram the boat, however failing, while this was entering the port of Tangiers.

The BRIN remained in Tangiers the time necessary to repairs an issue with the batteries and, the night of the 12th, left port for Bordeaux along with the BIANCHI. While approaching the Gironde, the BRIN was attacked by the British submarine HMS TUNA which launched six torpedoes to which the BRIN replied with two without any damage to either boat. Soon after midday on the 18th, the BRIN entered the harbor.

In Atlantic the BRIN completed five patrols obtaining good results. Amongst the most important successes it should be mentioned the action of June 13th, 1941 off the Azores Islands. Then, the BRIN attacked a convoy on the surface and in a very short period of time sank the British steamer DJURDJURA (3460 t.) with a torpedo and the Greek steamer EIRINI KYRIAKIDES. Probably, it damaged two other ships, all belonging to “SL76” a convoy from Sierra Leone to Great Britain.

On August 20th, 1941 the BRIN departed Le Verdon for the Mediterranean, reaching Messina on September 10th. Thereafter, it had intense activity but without scoring further successes. On September 8th, 1943 (Armistice Day) the BRIN was at sea and, as ordered, it reached Bona surrendering to the British authorities which sent the boat to Malta. In October it returned to Taranto where it underwent refitting. In May 1944, it was sent to Colombo (then India) where it assisted in training British antisubmarine units. It returned to Taranto in December 1945 and on February 1st, 1948 was removed from service and later scrapped.

In Mediterranean, the BRIN completed 17 patrols and 16 transfers between bases for a total of 26,426 nautical miles.

Translated from Italian by Cristiano D'Adamo
Micronesia 2015 $1 sg?, scott? ... d=1&cid=51

Battle of Philippines (No name)

PHILIPPINES (No name for the Battle fought off the Philippines) Anson set sail June 1740 with 5 men of war, a sloop and two supply ships to harass Spanish ports and shipping in the Pacific by the time Anson's squadron had rounded Cape Horn and rendezvoused at Juan Fernandez only the CENTURION, GLOUCESTER and the sloop TRYAL were left all were short handed due to scurvy and ship fever. After a series of raids on minor ports and an attempt to capture the Acapulco treasure galleon, Anson set sail across the Pacific to China reaching Macao. in Nov. 1742 with only the CENTURION and a ships company of 200 having been forced to abandon GLOUCESTER for lack of men to work on her. On 20 June 1743 Anson met the Acapulco galleon NUESTRA SENHORA DE COVADONGA off the Philippines and captured her with treasure worth f4000 000 but for Ansons success the year of 1743 would have proved to have been much to the advantage of the Spaniards, they had captured 262 British vessels worth £567,000. Stamp shows fight between CENTURION and Spanish ship NUESTRA SENORA DE COVADONGA in 1743 - Turks & Caicos 1983 8c SG771 (A Palmhof. T Broadley)

Battle of Montevideo 1814.

MONTEVIDEO. Won by Admiral W Brown, Argentine Navy 1814 against the Spanish - Argentine 1957 60c SG902

Calpe HMS

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Calpe HMS

Postby john sefton » Fri Sep 03, 2010 9:01 pm

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SG748MS 5.jpg
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HMS Calpe was one of thirty-two Type II Hunt Class destroyers. Built by Swan Hunter and Wigham Richardson at Tynemouth, she was launched on 28 April 1941 and commissioned on 29 November 1941.
She displaced 1,200 tons and had a speed of approx. 27 knots.
Her armament consisted of six 4" guns in twin HA/LA mountings, four 40mm pom-pom guns and two depth charges rails.
Whilst in the Mediterranean she spent most of June 1943 going between Gibraltar and Mers-El-Kebir escorting capital ships of Force H. She subsequently moved eastwards
escorting convoys in support of the invasion of Sicily in 1943.
Amongst the many actions she was involved in during her Mediterranean services she is best remembered for two encounters. On 13 December 1943, whilst on anti-submarine operations with USN Wainwright, her depth charges were successful in forcing the
Germany submarine U-593 to surface, to be subsequently sunk by gunfire. In October 1944, whilst in company with HMS Cleveland, she made offensive raids on German defences in the Aegean and also engaged and destroyed six German assault craft off the Island of Piscopi. She was awarded 8 battle honours of which 6 were for her
actions in the Mediterranean.
She left Gibraltar for the last time on 10 November 1946 flying her paying off pennant and was paid off into the Reserve Fleet on the 16 January 1946.
After the war she was reconstructed and in 1953 went on loan to the Royal Danish Navy as the 'RoIf Kraken' and was eventually scrapped in 1962.
The present holder of the name HMS Calpe is the Royal Naval
Reserve Headquarters Unit based in Gibraltar (the only RNR HQ
Unit outside the United Kingdom) which was formed in July 1965.
Gibraltar Philatelic.
Gibraltar SG638

Type II HUNT Class Escort Destroyer ordered from Swan Hunter at Wallsend in December 1939 under the 1939 War Emergency Programme. The ship was laid down as Job No 4196 on 12th June 1940. The ship was launched on 28th April 1941 as the 2nd RN warship to carry the name which was first used for a Prize (SAN JOSEF) captured in 1800. She was completed on 11th December 1941 and was adopted by Abingdon, Berkshire after a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign in February 1942.

B a t t l e H o n o u r s
H e r a l d i c D a t a
Badge : On a Field per fess wavy Red and Blue. a chess Rook Gold in front of two hunting horns in saltire White.
P o s t W a r N o t e s
HMS CALPE served with the Flotilla in the Indian Ocean until November 1946 when she took passage to UK to Pay-off and reduce to Reserve status. She was laid up at Sheerness on 17th January 1946 and transferred to Portsmouth in 1947. Later she went to Harwich and was transferred on loan to Denmark during 1952. Renamed ROLFE KRAKE this ship was sold to Denmark after 9 years on loan and deployed on the Active List until October 1966 when she was sold for breaking up locally.
Gibraltar SG748ms
john sefton
Posts: 1669
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2009 1:59 pm

Re: Calpe HMS

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Dec 30, 2011 8:01 pm

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Built as destroyer of the Hunt II type under yard No 1595 by Swan, Hunter & W. Richardson, Wallsend, for the Royal Navy.
20 December 1939 ordered.
12 June 1940 keel laid down.
28 April 1941 launched as the HMS CALPE (L71). The second ship under that name in the Royal Navy
Displacement 1,050 standard, 1,430 tons full load. Dim. 85.34 x 9.61 x 4.42m length bpp. 80.5m.
Powered by two geared stem turbines, 19,000 shp, twin shafts, speed 26 knots.
Range 2,560 miles by a speed of 20 knots.
Armament: 6 – 4 inch guns, 1 – 2 pdr. pompom, 2 – 20mm Oerlikon guns, 50 depth charges.
Crew 164.
11 December 1941 commissioned.

After commissioned joined the First Destroyer Flotilla, and serves there for over one year.
During that time she took part in the Raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942 when she embarked the naval and military force commanders, during the raid she received minor damage from an air attack.
Then joined the Torch Operation in the Mediterranean as a unit of the 59th Destroyer Division till August 1943. Mostly used for the escort of capital ships between Gibraltar and Mers-El-Kebir.
From August 1943 until September 1943 a unit of the 48th Escort Group.
September 1943 until November 1943 a unit of the 50th Escort Group.
12 December 1943 as unit of the Mediterranean Hunts together with USS NIBLACK, WAINWRIGHT and BENSON and HMS HOLCOMBE she sank U 593 off the Algerian coast.
1944 She took part in the South of France landings, and on October 1944 carried the occupying forces to the Aegean Islands.
She returned briefly to the UK before heading again to the Mediterranean. Underwent a refit at Ferryville, Tunisia from 03 January 1945, after three months she left for Malta for further repairs.
11 May 1945 she returned home to Chatham of a unit of the 18th Destroyer Flotilla.
Stayed for a short time in Chatham before leaving for the Far East to join the 14th Destroyer Flotilla Eastern Fleet at Trincomalee where she was on VJ Day.
Returned thereafter to the UK to pay off into reserve at Sheerness on 17 January 1946.
January 1947 transferred to Portsmouth and later to Harwich.
1952 Was she transferred to Sheerness for a refit in preparation for her transfer to Denmark.
28 February 1952 loaned to the Danish Navy as ROLF KRAKE (F 342).
18 October 1954 commissioned in the Danish Navy.
Armament 3 – 102mm guns, 4 – 40mm MG. 4 depth charge mortars Mk. IV and 2 depth charge launchers.
Crew 148.
1962 Decommissioned.
26 October 1966 sold to Otto Danielsen for demolition in Denmark.

Gibraltar 1995 5p sg MS748, scott684a

Source: The Hunts by John English. ... Krake(1954).htm
Posts: 4258
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

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