ENDEAVOUR J-Class yacht 1934

Built as a J-class yacht under yard No 405 by Camper and Nicholsons, Gosport, Hampshire, U.K. for Sir Thomas Sopwith.
Designed by Charles Ernest Nicholson.
Steel hull with a wooden superstructure.
April 1934 launched as the ENDEAVOUR K 4.
Displacement143 tons, dim. 39.47 x 6.71 x 4.50m. (draught), length on waterline 25.38m.
Sail area 702.44 m².

ENDEAVOUR is a 130-foot (40 m) J-class yacht built for the 1934 America's Cup by Camper and Nicholson in Gosport, Portsmouth Harbour, England. She was built for Thomas Sopwith who used his aviation design expertise to ensure the yacht was the most advanced of its day with a steel hull and mast. She was launched in 1934 and won many races in her first season including against the J's VELSHEDA and SHAMROCK V. She failed in her America's Cup challenge against the American defender RAINBOW but came closer to lifting the cup than any other until AUSTRALIA II succeeded in 1983.
ENDEAVOUR pioneered the Quadrilateral genoa, a twin clewed headsail offering great sail area and consequent power. This design is still in use in the J's today. The boat also featured a larger and improved spinnaker. However, the campaign was blighted by a strike of Sopwith's professional crew prior to departing for America. Forced to rely mainly on keen amateurs, who lacked the necessary experience, the campaign failed. This was one of the most contentious of the America's cup battles and prompted the headline: "Britannia rules the waves and America waives the rules."
History
Following the America's Cup she dominated the British sailing scene until, whilst being towed across the Atlantic to Britain in September 1937, she broke loose from her tow and was feared lost. She was eventually found and returned to England where she was laid up. For 46 years ENDEAVOUR languished through a variety of owners. In 1947, she was sold for scrap, saved only a few hours before her demolition was due. In the 1970s she sank in the River Medina, Isle of Wight. She was purchased for ten pounds and patched up enough to refloat. Until the mid-1980s she was on shore at Calshot Spit, an ex-seaplane base on the edge of the New Forest, Southern England. By this time she was in a desperate state, with only the hull remaining, lacking rudder, mast and keel.
Rebuild
In 1984 ENDEAVOUR was bought by Elizabeth Meyer, who undertook a five-year project to rebuild her. The initial work was undertaken where she lay to ensure that the hull was sufficiently seaworthy to be towed to the shipyard of Royal Huisman, in Holland, who designed and installed a new rig, engine, generator and mechanical systems and fitted the interior to a very high standard. ENDEAVOUR sailed again, on 22 June 1989, for the first time in 52 years.
She was fitted out with a one Caterpillar diesel 362 hp., and could berth 8 guest and 7 crew.
Elizabeth Meyer sold ENDEAVOUR to Dennis Kozlowski for US$15M in 2000. She was again sold in 2006 for a reputed $13.1M to Hawaii resident Cassio Antunes.
After her rebuild she cruised extensively and in 1999 joined the rebuilt VELSHEDA and SHAMROCK V to compete in the Antigua Classics Regatta.
2014 Still owned by the Antunes family and is also for charter.
Homeport George Town, Cayman Islands.

Grenada 1987 $1.10 sg1613, scott1493
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endeavour_(yacht) Various Internet sites.

U-14 submarine 1912

Built as a gasoline powered submarine under yard no 9 by Kaiserliche Werft, Danzig for the Imperial German Navy.
23 February 1909 ordered.
11 July 1911 launched as the SM U-14 one of three built of this type.
Displacement 516 ton surfaced, 644 ton submerged, dim. 57.88 x 6 x 3.44m (draught).
Powered by two Körting 6-cyl. and two Körting 8-cyl. paraffin motors, 890 hp. Two SSW electric motors 1.030 hp, speed surfaced 14.8 knots, submerged 10.7 knots.
Test depth 50 metre.
Armament 4 – 45cm torpedo tubes with 6 torpedoes. 1 – 5 cm SK l/40 gun.
Crew 4 officers and 25 men.
24 April 1912 commissioned.

When World War broke out in 1914 she was under command of Walther Schwieger.
She made only one war patrol, she sunk two ships the Danish CYRUS on 02 June 1915 and the Swedish LAPPLAND on 3 June 1915 in the North Sea, both crews were saved. The U-14 was at that time under command of Max Hammerie.
05 June 1915 came under fire of the armed trawler OCEANIC II and sunk off Peterhead in position 57 13N 00 33 E with the loss of 1 men, 27 survived.

Grenada Carriacou&Petite Martinique 2014 $3.25 sg?, scott?
Source: Wikipedia . U boat net.

UC-33 SM submarine ELSE

In early August 1914, disturbing news reached the Faroe Islands that a great war had started on the European mainland. There had been some worrying indications through the so-called July Crisis that emerged in the wake of the Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Principle's assassination of the Austro-Hungarian Crown Prince, Franz Ferdinand, on 28 June 1914.
Since the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) Austria-Hungary had been concerned about the development of the former Ottoman possessions in the Balkans, where Serbia emerged as an increasingly strong power. The Austro-Hungarian Empire had been waiting for an opportunity to supress Serbia, and the assassination of their heir, provided the opportunity they had been waiting for. Ultimatums were put on Serbia, which the country could not meet, and the consequence was that Austria-Hungary on 27 July 1914 declared war on the young nation.
The Austro-Hungarian government was well aware that this could escalate into a major war. Russia had guaranteed Serbia's security and the Austro-Hungarians had therefore secured the support of Germany. The day after the declaration of war Russia started to mobilize its army, which led to a German declaration of war against Russia on August 1st.
Concerned about the development, France also started to mobilize its army, and this caused Germany to declare war on France on 3 August. The same day Germany invaded Belgium as a mean to attack France, and this promptly triggered a British declaration of war against Germany.
The situation spiralled out of control, and soon a major war in Europe had become reality. And out here, in the North Atlantic, the Faroese could just observe, with increasing astonishment, the extreme escalation and fateful developments which in the years to come should bring so much misery.
Consequences
It did not take long before the Faroes suffered the consequences of the Great War. Sea transport to and from mainland Europe, especially Denmark, stopped more or less. The belligerents set up blockades, patrolled the seas and went after ships that might carry supplies to hostile territory.
This led to a shortage of the most basic necessities. Soon you could only buy bread and sugar on ration-cards - and things like tea and coffee became difficult and expensive to obtain. But times of need is the mother of ingenuity - and people came up with different ways to tough scarce supplies. There are, for example, stories of women who cooked roe and mixed it up in the rye flour, to make it last longer.
The early years of war caused such serious deficiencies, especially among the poorest segment of the population that we can talk about real crisis conditions. During the rough winter months it was hard to catch fish, and the coastal spring-fishery was in 1915 hampered by bad weather.
Deficiency Diseases occurred because of too little or too monotonous food and even harvested lives among the most disadvantaged, children and the elderly. The oil supplies were soon exhausted and it was not possible to bring more to the country. People started to experiment with fish oil, which turned out to be useful for lamps and even as fuel for boat engines.
The Day of Fate
On 1 February 1917 the German Navy declared the waters around the UK as a War Zone. Any ship caught in the zone risked, regardless of nationality, to be the subject of attack from German submarines. Unfortunately for the Faroe Islands, the War Zone reached all the way to the southern islands and thereby covered one of the largest Faroese fishing grounds, known as the Faroe Bank.

The War Zone was mainly directed against British interests, cargo shipping and transport convoys to England. The Faroese hoped that it did not include fishing vessels and took the calculated risk of fishing in the zone.
But in the morning of 23 May 1917, war struck the Faroese fishermen. Skipper Axel Sivertsen on cutter "Else" later told the newspaper "Norðlýsi" that in the early morning of the 23rd, the ship was hailed by a German submarine, which fired their machine gun in front of and behind the ship. The crew immediately loaded supplies into the lifeboat and left Else. They rowed towards the submarine and six of them were ordered to enter the submarine's deck. Two German submariners then went into the boat and made the rest of the crew row back to Else. They brought fuel on board Else, and shortly thereafter the crew could see their ship burning on the high seas. The German submariners were uncomfortable about the situation, but there was nothing to do about it. They acted under orders, they said.
Else's crew began to row against the Faroe Islands. Four hours later they met cutter "Orion" (which at that time was registered under the name “Beinir”) and were taken on board. When Orion/Beinir's skipper heard what had happened, he gave orders to cut all fishing lines and set sail. But they had not sailed for long before the submarine caught up with them, and Orion/Beinir suffered the same fate as “Else”. The two crews then rowed together towards the shore. On the way they saw two other cutters and a trawler, but also the infamous submarine, which was now heading for the trawler. They rowed all night and morning and did not reach land before six o'clock the following afternoon.
It turned out that 8 Faroese fishing vessels were sunk within 24 hours on 23rd and 24th of May. Miraculously no Faroese fishermen lost their lives through in the tragedy.
All the ships were sunk by the same submarine, UC 33, under the command of Captain Lieutenant Martin Schelle. During its active period, UC 33 sank 36 ships, but was itself caught up by destiny on 26 September 1917, when a British patrol boat sank it in the St. George's Channel off Ireland. Only one of the 27 crew members survived.
The Soldier
While most Faroese experienced World War I from a distance, others were not so lucky. One of these was the 26 year-old Christian Ludwig Petersen from the village Kvívík, who had emigrated to Canada before the war.
In March 1916, Christian Petersen (Pjeturson) was drafted by the newly created 108th battalion (Selkirk, Manitoba) in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), which fought on European battlefields. Already on 18 September the same year, the battalion was sent to England, where it was absorbed by 14th reserve battalion, which provided reinforcements to the fighting battalions on the mainland.
Christian Petersen was then sent to the 16th Battalion (Canadian-Scottish) in the area of Arras in France, around the time of, or immediately after the violent battles of Vimy Ridge in 1917.
Then the young Faroese travelled from battle to battle. 16th Battalion participated in the battles of Hill 70, Ypres and Passchendaele. They participated in the campaigns around Amiens, the Second Battle of Arras, Scarpe and Drocourt-Queant Line in 1918. From there to the battles on the Hindenburg Line and Canal du Nord, right to the last advance toward Mons.
Like most other army-units in the Great War, the 16th battalion suffered from heavy casualties - and the survivors suffered from the psychological stress and trauma, inflicted by the horrible war memories. Christian Petersen was no exception. Shortly after discharge, he moved back to the Faroe Islands and settled as a farmer in the village Kaldbak on Streymoy. According to his people who knew him, he never talked about the war and his role in it - the memories were simply too terrible.
Anker Eli Petersen Faroe Post web-site.

Have not any info on the cutter, the rowboat is most probably a Faroe rowboat (viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12823&p=13974&hilit=faroe+boat#p13974 ), of the U-boat I got the following.
Built as a submarine under yard No 443 by AG Vulcan-Wercke, Hamburg for the German Imperial Navy.
29 August 1915 ordered.
26 August 1916 launched as the SM UC-33...

VALKYRIE III yacht 1895

Built as a steel framed wooden hulled yacht by D&W Henderson on the River Clyde for Lord Dunraven Syndicate representing the Royal Yacht Squadron.
Designed by George Lennox Watson.
27 May 1895 launched as the VALKYRIE III.
Displacement 166.9 tons, dim. 39.31 x 7.92 x 5.97m. (draught), length on waterline 26.65m.
After a few mixed test races (for which she was later criticized for lack of previous competition) VALKYRIE III sailed to New York to prepare for the ninth America's Cup.
VALKYRIE III under skipper William Granfield was beaten bythe America yacht DEFENDER in the first race of the 1895 America's Cup. VALKYRIE III fouled the leeward DEFENDER during the prestart to the second race, breaking her starboard shrouds, but the latter did not protest and the race took place nevertheless, with VALKYRIE III finishing ahead of DEFENDER on corrected time. In turn the America's Cup committee ruled to disqualify the VALKYRIE III because of the foul and dismissed Lord Dunraven counter-proposal to re-race. VALKYRIE III was withdrawn immediately after the start of the third race and DEFENDER ran over the course unchallenged and successfully defended the America's Cup. Lord Dunraven claimed the Americans had cheated, creating a public controversy that jeopardized the future challenges for the America's Cup race until Sir Thomas Lipton issued his own SHAMROCK challenge in 1898. In 1899 VALKYRIE III ' hull was refaired and repainted to serve as a trial horse for SHAMROCK, but eventually she did not serve that purpose. She was broken up in 1901.

Grenada Grenadines 1992 25c sg1579, scott1476.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valkyrie_III_(yacht)

ENTERPRISE yacht 1930

Built as a j-class yacht by Herreshoff Manufacturing Company, Bristol, Rhode Island for the Harold Vanderbilt Syndicate representing the New York Yacht Club.
Designed by W. Starling Burgess.
1930 Launched as the ENTERPRISE
Displacement 128 ton, dim. 36.85 x 7.01 x 4.45m. (draught), length on waterline 24.38m.
Sail area 704.48 m².
Building price more as a US$ 0.5 million.

The ENTERPRISE under skipper Harold Vanderbilt was chosen as the defender of the America Cup off Newport, Rhode Island against the challenger the British yacht SHAMROCK V of Sir Thomas Lipton.
The first race on 13 September 1930 was won by the ENTERPRISE and also the other three races were won by the ENTERPRISE, and the cup stayed in the USA.
The ENTERPRISE was scrapped in September 1935 by her builder’s yard in Bristol.

Solomon Islands 1986 18c sg580a, scott572c.

Source: The storey of the America Cup 1851 – 2003 by Ranulf Rayner and internet.

NEW YORK USS (BB-34)

Built as a battleship by the Brooklyn Navy Yard for the USA Navy.
01 May 1911 ordered.
11 September 2011 laid down.
30 October 1912 launched as the USS NEW YORK (BB-34), christened by Elsie Calder.
Displacement 27,000 ton standard, 28,367 full load. Dim. 174.7 x 29.0 x 8.7m. (draught) length bpp 172.2 m.
Powered by vertical-expansion steam engines, 28,100 ihp, twin shafts, speed 21 knots.
Range by a speed of 10 knots, 7.060 mile.
Armament when built: 10 – 14 inch, 21 – 5 inch, 2 – 3 inch guns and 4 – 21 inch torpedo tubes.
Crew 1,042.
15 April 1914 commissioned.

New York, the 11th of the original 13 states, ratified the Constitution 26 July 1788.


The fifth NEW YORK (BB–34) was laid down 11 September 1911 by Brooklyn Navy Yard, New York; launched 30 October 1912; sponsored by Miss Elsie Calder; and commissioned 15 April 1914, Captain Thomas S. Rodgers in command.

Ordered south soon after commissioning, NEW YORK was flagship for Rear Admiral Frank Fletcher, commanding the fleet occupying and blockading Vera Cruz until resolution of the crisis with Mexico in July 1914. NEW YORK then headed north for fleet operations along the Atlantic coast as war broke out in Europe.

Upon the entry of the United States into the war, NEW YORK sailed as flagship with Battleship Division 9 commanded by Rear Admiral Hugh Rodman to strengthen the British Grand Fleet in the North Sea, arriving Scapa Flow 7 December 1917. Constituting a separate squadron in the Grand Fleet, the American ships joined in blockade and escort missions and by their very presence so weighted the Allies’ preponderance of naval power as to inhibit the Germans from attempting any major fleet engagements. NEW YORK twice encountered U-boats.

During her World War I service, NEW YORK was frequently visited by royal and other high-ranking representatives of the Allies, and she was present for one of the most dramatic moments of the war, the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet in the Firth of Forth 21 November 1918. As a last European mission, NEW YORK joined the ships escorting President Woodrow Wilson from an ocean rendezvous to Brest en route the Versailles Conference.

Returning to a program which alternated individual and fleet exercises with necessary maintenance, NEW YORK trained in the Caribbean in spring 1919, and that summer joined the Pacific Fleet at San Diego, her home port for the next 16 years. She trained off Hawaii and the West Coast, occasionally returning to the Atlantic and Caribbean for brief missions or overhauls. In 1937, carrying Admiral Hugh Rodman, the President’s personal representative for the coronation of King George VI of England, NEW YORK sailed to take part in the Grand Naval Review of 20 May 1937 as sole U.S. Navy representative.

For much of the following 3 years, NEW YORK trained Naval Academy midshipmen and other prospective officers with cruises to Europe, Canada, and the Caribbean, and in mid1941 she joined the Neutrality Patrol. She escorted troops to Iceland in July 1941, then served as station ship at Argentia, Newfoundland, protecting the new American base there. From America’s entry into World War II, NEW YORK guarded Atlantic convoys to Iceland and Scotland when the U-boat menace was gravest. Submarine contacts were numerous, but the convoys were brought to harbor intact.

NEW YORK brought her big guns to the invasion of North Africa, providing crucial gunfire support at Safi 8 November 1942. She then stood by at Casablanca and Fedhala before returning home for convoy duty escorting critically needed men and supplies to North Africa. She then tookup important duty training gunners for battleships and destroyer escorts in Chesapeake Bay, rendering this vital service until 10 June 1944, when she began the first of 3 training cruises for the Naval Academy, voyaging to Trinidad on each.

NEW YORK sailed 21 November for the West Coast, arriving San Pedro 6 December for gunnery training in preparation for amphibious operations. She departed San Pedro 12 January 1945, called at Pearl Harbor, and was diverted to Eniwetok to survey screw damage. Nevertheless, despite impaired speed, she joined the Iwo Jima assault force in rehearsals at Saipan. She sailed well ahead of the main body to join in preinvasion bombardment at Iwo Jima 16 February. During the next 3 days, she fired more rounds than any other ship present; and, as if to show what an old-timer could do, made a spectacular direct 14”-hit on an enemy ammunition dump.

Leaving Iwo Jima, NEW YORK at last repaired her propellers at ‘Manus, and had speed restored for the assault on Okinawa, which she reached 27 March to begin 76 consecutive days of action. She fired preinvasion and diversionary bombardments, covered landings, and gave days and nights of close support to troops advancing ashore. She did not go unscathed; a kamikaze grazed her 14 April, demolishing her spotting plane on its catapult. She left Okinawa 11 June to regun at Pearl Harbor.

NEW YORK prepared at Pearl Harbor for the planned invasion of Japan, and after war’s end, made a voyage to the West Coast returning veterans and bringing out their replacements. She sailed from Pearl Harbor again 29 September with passengers for New York, arriving 19 October. Here she prepared to serve as target ship in operation “Crossroads,” the Bikini atomic tests, sailing 4 March 1946 for the West Coast. She left San Francisco 1 May, and after calls in Pearl Harbor and Kwajalein, reached Bikini 15 June. Surviving the surface blast 1 July and the underwater explosion 2.5 July, she was taken into Kwajalein and decommissioned there 29 August 1946. Later towed to Pearl Harbor, she was studied during the next two years, and on 8 July 1948 was towed out to sea some 40 miles and there sunk after an 8-hour pounding by ships and planes carrying out full-scale battle maneuvers with new weapons.

New York received 3 battle stars for World War II service.

Grenada Carriacou a Petite Martinique 2014 $5 sg?, scott? (The other warship is the HMS MONARCH, which is also depict in the margin of the sheet. See viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12751&p=15885#!lightbox[gallery]/3/ )

http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/n4/new_york-v.htm

GRETEL II KA 3 yacht

Built as a 12-metre class wooden hulled yacht by W.H. Barnett, Sydney for Sir Frank Packer, Sydney.
Designed by Alan Payne.
12 February 1970 launched under the name GRETEL II (KA 3).
Displacement 31.5 ton, dim. 19.81 x 3.66 x 2.74m. (draught), length on waterline 14.02m.
Sail area 187 m².
Crew 11.
GRETEL II is an Australian International 12-metre class racing yacht built for the America's Cup challenge series in 1970. She was designed by Alan Payne and built by W.H. Barnett for Australian media tycoon Sir Frank Packer.
Packer had first challenged for the America's Cup in 1962 with the yacht GRETEL which was named after his wife. GRETEL was competitive but lost that challenge 4–1.
1970 America's Cup
In 1970 Packer returned to Newport, Rhode Island to challenge again for the 'Auld Mug' with his new 12-metre yacht GRETEL II representing the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron. This yacht was the last of the wooden-hulled America's Cup yachts. GRETEL II was skippered by Jim Hardy with Martin Visser as tactician and starting helmsman and Bill Fesq as navigator. The crew included future Olympic Star class gold medallists David Forbes and John Anderson and future America's Cup–winning skipper John Bertrand as port trimmer. After defeating Baron Marcel Bich’s FRANCE in the challenger selection series 4–0, the Australian yacht took on the American defender INTREPID, skippered by Bill Ficker in a best-of-seven race series.
INTREPID won the first race when GRETEL II 's David Forbes was swept overboard but managed to hang on to the sail and scramble back on board. Then in a controversial second race ,GRETEL II crossed the finish line 1 minute 7 seconds ahead, but due to a collision at the start the Australian challenger was disqualified. INTREPID won the third race but GRETEL II recorded a win in the fourth race by a margin of 1 minute 2 seconds. INTREPID then took out the fifth race to win the America's Cup 4–1.
Many observers, such as 1977 America's Cup winning skipper Ted Turner, believed that GRETEL II was a faster boat than INTREPID but that the tactical cunning of Bill Ficker and Steve Van Dyke and the performance of the American crew were the deciding factors in the Americans' victory.
1975 Bought by The Southern Cross America’s Cup Challenge Association Ltd., Yanchep, Australia.
1977 America's Cup
GRETEL II served as a trial horse for Alan Bond’s SOUTHERN CROSS in the 1974 America's Cup. In the 1977 America's Cup GRETEL II, skippered by Gordon Ingate, was one of four yachts vying to challenge for the Cup. Her wooden decking was replaced with aluminium for the new campaign. Ingate had a veteran crew which earned them the nickname 'Dad's Navy'. The yacht was eliminated by their Swedish rival SVERIGE during the challenger selection trials. The new Alan Bond yacht AUSTRALIA won the right to challenge but lost to the Americans.
1979 Bought by Gordon Ingate, Sydney.
1987 Was she bought by the Sydney Maritime Museum.
2006 Bought by Michael Maxwell in Sydney.
GRETEL II was restored by a group of yachting enthusiasts in 2009.
2014 Still owned by Mr. Maxwell.

Antigua&Barbuda 1987 60c sg1073, scott1001
Barbuda Mail 1987 60c sg937, scott?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gretel_II . http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05529.html
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Calpe HMS

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Calpe HMS

Postby john sefton » Fri Sep 03, 2010 9:01 pm

SG638.jpeg
SG638
Click image to view full size
SG748MS 5.jpg
Click image to view full size
HMS Calpe was one of thirty-two Type II Hunt Class destroyers. Built by Swan Hunter and Wigham Richardson at Tynemouth, she was launched on 28 April 1941 and commissioned on 29 November 1941.
She displaced 1,200 tons and had a speed of approx. 27 knots.
Her armament consisted of six 4" guns in twin HA/LA mountings, four 40mm pom-pom guns and two depth charges rails.
Whilst in the Mediterranean she spent most of June 1943 going between Gibraltar and Mers-El-Kebir escorting capital ships of Force H. She subsequently moved eastwards
escorting convoys in support of the invasion of Sicily in 1943.
Amongst the many actions she was involved in during her Mediterranean services she is best remembered for two encounters. On 13 December 1943, whilst on anti-submarine operations with USN Wainwright, her depth charges were successful in forcing the
Germany submarine U-593 to surface, to be subsequently sunk by gunfire. In October 1944, whilst in company with HMS Cleveland, she made offensive raids on German defences in the Aegean and also engaged and destroyed six German assault craft off the Island of Piscopi. She was awarded 8 battle honours of which 6 were for her
actions in the Mediterranean.
She left Gibraltar for the last time on 10 November 1946 flying her paying off pennant and was paid off into the Reserve Fleet on the 16 January 1946.
After the war she was reconstructed and in 1953 went on loan to the Royal Danish Navy as the 'RoIf Kraken' and was eventually scrapped in 1962.
The present holder of the name HMS Calpe is the Royal Naval
Reserve Headquarters Unit based in Gibraltar (the only RNR HQ
Unit outside the United Kingdom) which was formed in July 1965.
Gibraltar Philatelic.
Gibraltar SG638

Type II HUNT Class Escort Destroyer ordered from Swan Hunter at Wallsend in December 1939 under the 1939 War Emergency Programme. The ship was laid down as Job No 4196 on 12th June 1940. The ship was launched on 28th April 1941 as the 2nd RN warship to carry the name which was first used for a Prize (SAN JOSEF) captured in 1800. She was completed on 11th December 1941 and was adopted by Abingdon, Berkshire after a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign in February 1942.

B a t t l e H o n o u r s
GUT OF GIBRALTAR 1801 - DIEPPE 1942 - ENGLISH CHANNEL 1942 - NORTH AFRICA 1942-43 - MEDITERRANEAN 1943 - SICILY 1943 - SALERNO 1943 - AEGEAN 1943 - SOUTH FRANCE 1944
H e r a l d i c D a t a
Badge : On a Field per fess wavy Red and Blue. a chess Rook Gold in front of two hunting horns in saltire White.
P o s t W a r N o t e s
HMS CALPE served with the Flotilla in the Indian Ocean until November 1946 when she took passage to UK to Pay-off and reduce to Reserve status. She was laid up at Sheerness on 17th January 1946 and transferred to Portsmouth in 1947. Later she went to Harwich and was transferred on loan to Denmark during 1952. Renamed ROLFE KRAKE this ship was sold to Denmark after 9 years on loan and deployed on the Active List until October 1966 when she was sold for breaking up locally.

http://www.naval-history.net/
Gibraltar SG748ms
john sefton
 
Posts: 1634
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2009 1:59 pm

Re: Calpe HMS

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Dec 30, 2011 8:01 pm

Photo11deCalpe1NP.jpg
Click image to view full size
Built as destroyer of the Hunt II type under yard No 1595 by Swan, Hunter & W. Richardson, Wallsend, for the Royal Navy.
20 December 1939 ordered.
12 June 1940 keel laid down.
28 April 1941 launched as the HMS CALPE (L71). The second ship under that name in the Royal Navy
Displacement 1,050 standard, 1,430 tons full load. Dim. 85.34 x 9.61 x 4.42m length bpp. 80.5m.
Powered by two geared stem turbines, 19,000 shp, twin shafts, speed 26 knots.
Range 2,560 miles by a speed of 20 knots.
Armament: 6 – 4 inch guns, 1 – 2 pdr. pompom, 2 – 20mm Oerlikon guns, 50 depth charges.
Crew 164.
11 December 1941 commissioned.

After commissioned joined the First Destroyer Flotilla, and serves there for over one year.
During that time she took part in the Raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942 when she embarked the naval and military force commanders, during the raid she received minor damage from an air attack.
Then joined the Torch Operation in the Mediterranean as a unit of the 59th Destroyer Division till August 1943. Mostly used for the escort of capital ships between Gibraltar and Mers-El-Kebir.
From August 1943 until September 1943 a unit of the 48th Escort Group.
September 1943 until November 1943 a unit of the 50th Escort Group.
12 December 1943 as unit of the Mediterranean Hunts together with USS NIBLACK, WAINWRIGHT and BENSON and HMS HOLCOMBE she sank U 593 off the Algerian coast.
1944 She took part in the South of France landings, and on October 1944 carried the occupying forces to the Aegean Islands.
She returned briefly to the UK before heading again to the Mediterranean. Underwent a refit at Ferryville, Tunisia from 03 January 1945, after three months she left for Malta for further repairs.
11 May 1945 she returned home to Chatham of a unit of the 18th Destroyer Flotilla.
Stayed for a short time in Chatham before leaving for the Far East to join the 14th Destroyer Flotilla Eastern Fleet at Trincomalee where she was on VJ Day.
Returned thereafter to the UK to pay off into reserve at Sheerness on 17 January 1946.
January 1947 transferred to Portsmouth and later to Harwich.
1952 Was she transferred to Sheerness for a refit in preparation for her transfer to Denmark.
28 February 1952 loaned to the Danish Navy as ROLF KRAKE (F 342).
18 October 1954 commissioned in the Danish Navy.
Armament 3 – 102mm guns, 4 – 40mm MG. 4 depth charge mortars Mk. IV and 2 depth charge launchers.
Crew 148.
1962 Decommissioned.
26 October 1966 sold to Otto Danielsen for demolition in Denmark.

Gibraltar 1995 5p sg MS748, scott684a

Source: The Hunts by John English. http://www.navalhistory.dk/english/TheS ... Krake(1954).htm
aukepalmhof
 
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