B11 HMS submarine

Launched: 21-02-1906 as HMS B11
Completed: 11-07-1906
Builder: Vickers – Barrow in Furness
Length overall: 142ft 2½in
Beam: 13ft 7in
Depth: 13ft 7in
Displacement Surface 287 tons / Submerged: 316 tons
Diving Depth: 100ft
Speed Surface: 7 knots (design) 6.5 knots (service) / Submerged 13 to 13.5 knots (design) 12 knots (service)
No. of shafts: 1
Propeller: 3 blades, 5ft diameter
Armament: 2 18-inch bow torpedo tubes (4 torpedoes carried)
Endurance Surface: 1300 miles at 9 knots (design) 740 miles at full power (service) / Submerged: 22.5 miles
Complement: 15

B.11 was the last of her class to be constructed. She was completed in 1906, and like her consorts, was considerably larger than the "A" boats, displacing 280 tons on the surface and 313 tons submerged.
She was one third longer again at 135 feet and had a 12 cylinder Wolseley petrol engine developing 600 hp and giving a surface speed of around 12 knots. Her electric motors drove her at eight knots (thereabouts) submerged. Her complement was two officers and 11 men, and she was a good deal easier to control underwater than any of her predecessors.
This was because she was the first submarine to be fitted with forward hydroplanes and with their aid was able to dive under way. Previously it had been the accepted custom to stop before diving.

When the 1914-18 war began the British Mediterranean Fleet based on Malta had three B-class submarines attached. They were, singularly enough, B.9, B.10, and B.11. They were sent to the Aegean Sea, there to languish without a chance of distinguishing themselves.
In November that year the Dardanelle's came into the news for a British naval squadron had bombarded the forts and the German warships GOEBEN and BRESLAU were inside and had been in action against the Russians in the Black Sea. Could nothing be done against the naval strength of Johnny Turk located somewhere near the narrows?
The young officers commanding the three British submarines were all keen to try and force a passage. The hazards were the uncertain submerged endurance of their boats the strong current and the presence of minefields. Human courage was one thing the question of electricity supply was quite another.
HMS B.11 had newer batteries so Lieut. N D Holbrook RN was selected for the task of seeking out whatever he might find and doing the greatest possible damage when he found it. On Saturday, December 12, 1914, B.11 dived at dawn off the entrance to the Dardanelle's. The dive had been postponed to the last minute because the boat would need every ampere she had.
Through the minefields and on towards the Narrows she went. Holbrook raised his periscope and there in Sari Siglar Bay he sighted a warship at anchor. Manoeuvring carefully, Holbrook fired one torpedo and hit the Turkish battleship MESSOUDIEH which immediately opened fire on the B.11 periscope and missed. A few minutes later the battleship rolled over and sank and a means of protecting the minefield against sweeping had gone.
Having thus made history, Holbrook decided to turn for home. He found that his compass, a rudimentary contraption at the best of times, had been so damaged by shellfire as to be useless. Unfortunately the current drove B.11 ashore and every Turkish land gun which could bear opened fire. Miraculously the submarine bumped off, hit the bottom more than once, dodged the mines and somehow escaped being hit.
Her periscope became fogged for quite some time leaving Holbrook to navigate blind, yet she was outside the entrance to the Dardanelle's in the early afternoon and her commander could afford to surface.
He and his crew proved that something considered impossible could be done and they and their boat made a contribution to history. Lieut. Holbrook was awarded the Victoria Cross the first of 14 submariners to be so decorated. Lieut. S T Winn his first lieutenant, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, and everyone in the boat was awarded the DSC or the DSM.
Later the Turks salvaged most of the MESSOUDIEH’s guns but at Chanak they preserved a unique souvenir a piece of the B.11's torpedo that had done such damage.
In April 1915 after HMS E15 ran aground off Kephez point, HMS B11 was one of a number of boats to attempt to destroy the wreck. The attack failed.
On 20 May 1915 HMS B11 sighted SM UB-8 while on patrol off the Gulf of Smyrna. HMS B11 attempted to attack but was spotted and SM UB-8 then dived before escaping.
On 24 July 1916 the Prize court decided that the submarine's company was entitled to prize money for the sinking of MESÛDIYE, and an award of £3,500 was made, of which Holbrook received £601 10s 2d, Win £481 4s 2d, chief petty officers £240 12s 1d, and seamen £120 6s 1d. This represented three years' pay for a seaman. On 24 August 1915 the town of Germanton in New South Wales, Australia, was renamed "Holbrook" in his honour and a replica of B11 can be seen there. The submarine was relocated from Malta to Venice in October 1915 arriving on the 28th. On 11 December of the same year the submarine under the command of Lieutenant Samuel Gravener was engaged by an Austrian flying boat. The attack was unsuccessful and the plane suffered engine failure forcing it to land. Gravener attempted to attack the plane with a Maxim gun but it jammed and the plane was able to take off again before the submarine could ram it.
On 17 January 1916 the submarine managed to capture the crew of an Austrian flying boat after the aircraft had suffered engine failure while returning from a bombing raid. On 17 March it was narrowly missed by a torpedo but was unable to locate the attacker.
Later in the war B11 was converted to a surface patrol craft through raising the deck level and removing the electric motor. In addition the conning tower was replaced by a wheelhouse.
B.11 incidentally, survived the 1914-18 war as did B.9, but B.10 was bombed and sunk in harbour at Venice in 1918. B.11 was sold in 1919 and scrapped in Italy.

Micronesia 2014 $2.00 sg?, scott? Stamp image from internet.

Sources: http://www.rnsubs.co.uk/Boats/BoatDB2/i ... ?BoatID=29
https://www.flickr.com/photos/16118167@ ... EW-4ECXcq/

Peter Crichton

C27 HMS submarine

Builder: Vickers, Barrow in Furness
Laid down: 4 June 1908
Launched: 22 April 1909 as HMS C27
Commissioned: 14 August 1909
Class & type: C class submarine
Displacement: 290 long tons (295 t) surfaced 320 long tons (325 t) submerged
Length: 143 ft 2 in (43.64 m)
Beam: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
Propulsion: 600 hp (450 kW) Vickers petrol engine, 200 hp (150 kW) electric motor, 1 screw
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) surfaced, 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) submerged
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km) at 7 kn (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) surfaced ; 55 nmi (102 km) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
Complement: 16
Armament: 2 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes (2 torpedoes)

HMS C27 along with the trawler PRINCESS LOUSE (ex-PRINCESS MARIE JOSE) sank U-23 in the Fair Isle Channel between Orkney and Shetland on 20 July 1915 during the U-boat trap tactic.
The tactic was to use a decoy trawler to tow a submarine. When a U-boat was sighted, the tow line and communication line was slipped and the submarine would attack the U-boat. The tactic was partly successful, but was abandoned after the loss of two C class submarines. In both cases, all the crew were lost.
HMS C27 was involved in the Baltic operations from 1915 to 1918.
On 16 Oct 1917 the British INDIANOLA which had been seized by Germany in Hamburg in 1914 was torpedoed and damaged by HMS C-27 in the Gulf of Riga.

HMS C27 was scuttled on 5 April 1918 outside Helsinki (Helsingfors) south of the Harmaja Light (Gråhara) to avoid seizure by advancing German forces. HMS C27 was salvaged for breaking up in Finland in August 1953. She was scuttled along with the HMS C35 by opening tubes and hatches.

Does anybody know why HMS C 27 would have 57 on her sail ?

Micronesia 2014 $2.00 sg?, scott? Stamp image from internet.

Sources: Wikipedia. http://uboat.net/allies/merchants/1008.html

Peter Crichton

CI HMS submarine

Name: HMS C1
Builder: Vickers, Barrow in Furness
Laid down: 13 November 1905
Launched: 10 July 1906
Commissioned: 30 October 1906
Fate: Sold, 22 October 1920
Class & type: C class submarine
Displacement: 287 long tons (292 t) surfaced
316 long tons (321 t) submerged
Length: 143 ft 2 in (43.64 m)
Beam: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
Propulsion: 600 hp (450 kW) Vickers petrol engine, 200 hp (150 kW) electric motor, 1 screw
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced, 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
Range: 1,500 nmi (2,800 km) at 7 kn (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) surfaced, 50 nmi (93 km) at 4.5 kn (8.3 km/h; 5.2 mph) submerged
Complement: 16
Armament: 2 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes (2 torpedoes)

HMS C1 was a British C class submarine built by Vickers, Barrow. She was laid down on 13 November 1905, launched 10 July 1906 and was commissioned on 30 October 1906.

April 1909 - Section III, 3rd Division, Home Fleet
September 1914 - Sheerness (5th Flotilla)
September 1914 - Lt.Cdr. Clyfford H. Warren in Command
20th August 1916 - 4th Submarine Flotilla (Queenborough)
20th August 1916 - Lt Arthur L. Noakes in Command
1918 - Converted

C1 was equipped with wireless telegraphy. She was converted to a surface patrol boat and renamed S8 for Adriatic service.

On 23 April 1918 she was packed with dynamite to be blown up at Zeebrugge Mole. However, this did not happen.

C1 was sold 22 October 1920 to Stanlee, and resold 14 November 1921 to Young, Sunderland

Micronesia 2014 %1.20 sg?, scott? Stamp image from internet.

Sources: Wikipedia. http://www.dovermuseum.co.uk/Informatio ... -Yard.aspx

Peter Crichton.

K17 HMS submarine

Name: HMS K17
Builder: Vickers, Barrow-in-Furness
Laid Down: 01-06-1916
Launched: 10-04-1917
Completed: 20-09-1917
Fate: Sunk, 31 January 1918
General characteristics
Class & type: K-class submarine
Displacement: 1,980 long tons (2,010 t) surfaced
2,566 long tons (2,607 t) submerged
Length: 339 ft (103 m)
Beam: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)
Draught: 20 ft 11 in (6.38 m)
Propulsion: 2 × 10,500 shp (7.8 MW) Brown-Curtis or Parsons geared steam turbines
2 × Yarrow boilers
4 × 1,440 hp (1,070 kW) electric motors
1 × 800 hp (600 kW) Vickers diesel generator for charging batteries on the surface
2 × 3-blade 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) diameter screws
Speed: 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph) surfaced, 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) submerged
Range: Surfaced : 800 nmi (1,500 km; 920 mi) at 24 kn (44 km/h; 28 mph), 12,500 nmi (23,200 km; 14,400 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph), Submerged : 8 nmi (15 km; 9.2 mi) at 8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph), 40 nmi (46 mi; 74 km) at 4 kn (4.6 mph; 7.4 km/h)
Complement: 59 (6 officers and 53 ratings)
Armament: • 8 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes, (4 beam, 4 bow)
• 8 × spare torpedoes
• 2 × 18 in torpedo tubes fitted on deck (later removed)
• 2 × BL 4 in (100 mm) Mk.XI guns
• 1 × 3 in (76 mm) gun

HMS K17 was sunk on 31 January 1918 during the night time fleet exercises later known as the Battle of May Island (Operation E.C.1) when she was attached to the 13th Submarine Flotilla. HMS K17 was astern of HMS COURAGEOUS when the latter changed course to avoid two trawlers, which were spotted ahead. HMS K17 turned but HMS K22 and HMS K14 were involved in a collision. Meanwhile HMS FEARLESS was steaming at 21 knots towards the area oblivious of the accident. Suddenly the FEARLESS appeared over the horizon and ploughed into HMS K17, water gushed into the boat through the pierced pressure hull. The order to abandon ship was quickly given. Within 8 minutes HMS K17 had disappeared. The survivors were now in the water and the other submarines attempted to pick them up. Sadly the destroyers were unaware of the location of the accident and ploughed through the survivors. Only 9 were picked up out of a crew of 56, and one of these died later. A total of 270 were lost either that night or from their injuries later. Some internet sites are quoting that there were no survivors from the ramming.
The wreck is designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986.

Micronesia 2014 $ 1.20 sg?, scott? Stamp image from internet.

Sources: Wikipedia. http://www.rnsubs.co.uk/Boats/BoatDB2/i ... BoatID=184.
YouTube dive on HMS K17 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNd-xyQLpPA
http://www.marinequest.co.uk/british-su ... 16th-june/
https://www.goodreads.com/author_blog_p ... may-island

Peter Crichton

E5 HMS submarine

Builder: Vickers, Barrow in Furness
Cost: £106,700
Laid down: 9 June 1911
Commissioned: 28 June 1913
Fate: Sunk by mine, 7 March 1916 ?
Class & type: E-class submarine
Displacement: 665 long tons (676 t) (surfaced)
796 long tons (809 t) (submerged)
Length: 178 ft (54 m)
Beam: 15 ft 5 in (4.70 m)
Installed power: 3,500 hp (2,600 kW) (diesel engines)
1,200 hp (890 kW) (electric motors)
Propulsion: 2 × diesel engines
2 × electric motors
2 × screws
Speed: 15 kn (17 mph; 28 km/h) (surfaced)
9.5 kn (10.9 mph; 17.6 km/h) (submerged)
Range: 3,000 nmi (3,500 mi; 5,600 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
65 nmi (75 mi; 120 km) at 5 kn (5.8 mph; 9.3 km/h)
Complement: 30
Armament: 4 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes (1 bow, 2 beam, 1 stern)

HMS E5 had a very short career before and after her commissioning. She had an engine room explosion on 8 June 1913, 20 days before commissioning. 3 were killed and 9 badly burned.
The 3 were killed when there was an oil blow back into the starboard engine off St Ann's Head. Those killed where Engineer Cmdr Walter Lancelot Moore, who lost 2 legs and 1 arm and suffering 3rd degree burns, died in hospital at Pembroke Dock, returned for burial in Hampshire, believed to be in Winchester. The 1st to die at the time and scene of the explosion was CERA James Alexander Greenall son of Henry & Alice Greenall of Preston Lancs. The 3rd and last to die was Leading Stoker Lewis Alfred Clarke of Esher in Surrey, who also died in Pembroke Dock Naval Hospital. The latter 2 are buried at Llanion Cemetery, Pembroke Dock in plots R244 (Greenall) and R246 (Clarke). 10 persons were seriously injured, although all civilian staff from Barrow where safe and unharmed other ships involved where HMS ADAMANT (Submarine Escort ship) and HMS ALLIGATOR which carried the medical team out to meet HMS E5 on her way into Pembroke Dock.
HMS E 5’s crew were awarded Prize Bounty Money for the destruction of a German Armed Auxiliary, 25 Sep 1915.
HMS E 5 sailed from Harwich on 4 March 1916 to carry out a patrol between Ameland and the Ems; three other submarines were also on patrol at the same time – HMS E-29 between the Ems and Nordeney; HMS H-5 between Horns Reef and List; HMS E-23 to the west of 8 degrees. All were due to return to Harwich on 10 March, but HMS E-5 failed to return.
She was last seen on the afternoon of 6 March about 7 miles to the north of Juist Island by E29.
There are various theories as to how HMS E 5 met her fate.
At 08.10 on 7 March the SEYDLITZ and escorting torpedo boats saw a submarine and dropped depth charges, but there was no obvious result. Later that day the REGENSBURG sighted a submarine further to the east of this area.
This was possibly HMS E-5.
Besides the story of her loss whilst rescuing survivors off the RESONO, her loss is also put down to depth charge by the SEYDLITZ and her accompanying torpedo boats. She may also have strayed into a German minefield having been sighted by the REGENSBURG.
One other theory is that HMS E-5 was lost while rescuing survivors from HMT RESONO (Wikipedia and one or two other sites). However, RESONO was mined on 26 December 1915 near the Sunk light vessel (Lloyd’s War Losses of WW1) and HMS E 5 was not lost until 6/7 March 1916. I can find no trace of a RESONO being lost in 1916.

The book British Warships Losses by David Hepper gives on her loss: 7 March? The last sighting was near a defensive minefield on the Western Ems and it is presumed that she was lost on a mine soon after.

On the RESONO he gives: an Admiralty trawler employed as a patrol vessel sank 26 December 1915 after striking a submarine-laid mine, part of a field laid by UC-5 ten days earlier off the Sunk Sand lightship in the Thames estuary.

Sources: Wikipedia. http://uboat.net/forums/read.php?23,768 ... #msg-76842
https://www.submarine-museum.co.uk/what ... s?start=5; http://www.harwichanddovercourt.co.uk/submarines-ww1/ ; http://www.naval-history.net/WW1NavyBri ... eMoney.htm ;
Stamp image from internet.

Micronesia 2014 $1.20 sg?, scott?

Peter Crichton

R3 HMS submarine

Builder: Chatham Dockyard, Kent
Laid down: 4 February 1917
Launched: 8 June 1918 as HMS R3.
Commissioned: 17 March 1919
Decommissioned: September 1919
Fate: Sold, 21 February 1923
Class & type: R class submarine
Displacement: 420 long tons (427 t) surfaced
500 long tons (508 t) submerged
Length: 163 ft (50 m)
Beam: 16 ft (4.9 m)
Draught: 11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
Propulsion: 8-cylinder diesel engine, 480 hp (360 kW)
2 × electric motors, 1,200 hp (890 kW) total
Single electric motor for low speed running
One shaft
Speed: 9.5 knots (17.6 km/h) surfaced
14 knots (26 km/h) submerged
Endurance: Submerged: 1 hour at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 2 officers and 20 ratings
Sensors and processing systems: Bow hydrophone array
Armament: 6 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes (forward)
12 × Mark VIII 18 inch torpedoes (inc. reloads)

HMS R3 was an R Class, early 'Hunter-Killer' submarine built for the Royal Navy right at the end of the First World War.
HMS R3 was laid down on No 7 slip on 4th February 1917 and was launched by Mrs Silver into the Medway on 8th June 1918. She commissioned at Chatham on 17th March 1919.
On completion, she was 163 feet long and 16 feet wide across the beam. She was armed with 6 18" torpedo tubes, all in the bow. She displaced 420 tons on the surface and 500 tons dived. She was manned by a crew of 22.
On commissioning, she was sent to join 14th Submarine Flotilla at Blyth, attached to the depot ship HMS Vulcan.
She came too late to see any combat in World War I, like most of the other R class submarines. R3 was paid off in September 1919, then sold on 21 February 1923.

Micronesia 2014 $1.20 sg?, scott?

Sources:Wikipedia. http://www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk/index ... ic=13955.0
Stamp image from internet.

Peter Crichton


N P GLORY 4 given as a deck ship, with a bow ramp.
IMO: 9400239
Flag: Thailand
MMSI: 567321000
Callsign: HSB3489
NRT - 506MT
GRT - 1,687MT
DWT – 2372 MT
Length x Breadth: 78.1m × 16m x 4.8m, length bpp. 72.2m, draught 3.5m.
Powered by two 8-cyl. Caterpillar diesels, 1,429 kW, 2,028 hp., twin shafts, speed 10 knots.
Home port: Bangkok
Class society: Bureau Veritas
Build year: 2006
Completed 25 July 2006.
Builder Piasau Slipways, Miri, Malaysia, yard no 231
Owner: Np Marine - Bangkok, Thailand
Manager: Np Marine - Bangkok, Thailand

Underwent refit in Keppel Shipyard, Singapore to have a bow thruster fitted and a 40 ton crane especially for South Africa charterer Basel Read to land heavy plant and equipment at St. Helena Island for the excavation of a haul road up the mountain side and construction of an airstrip.
This ship made history on 11 July 2014 as the first ship to ever dock at the Island and in this case Rupert's Bay. There is a deep water anchorage in Jamesbay.
2014 Same name and owners.
According to Marine Traffic the N P GLORY 4 is presently berthed at St Helena. (http://www.marinetraffic.com/en/ais/det ... _P_GLORY_4 )

St Helena 2014 25p sg?, scott?

Photo by Bruce Salt © via Shipspotting.com. Stamp image from internet.
Sources: Shipspotting.com. Various web sites. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Helena_Airport.

Peter Crichton

William And John

The full index of our ship stamp archive

William And John

Postby john sefton » Tue Jan 11, 2011 2:45 pm

Click image to view full size
Click image to view full size
WILLIAM AND JOHN. Ship which carried settlers to the island in 1625.

The vessel depicted is not the WILLIAM AND JOHN but most probably a Dutch fluyt, a ships type which around that time was used by the Dutch merchant marine in large numbers. (see index for the details of the fluyt.)
The Dutch were calling already before 1625 at Barbados and via sources from the Dutch West India Company in Zeeland the Anglo-Dutch merchant William Courteen sent two ships to Barbados.
One of the ships was the WILLIAM AND JOHN or some sources given JOHN AND WILLIAM.
There is not any information on the ship, and the stamp design on the 1994 stamp depicts her “with a certain amount of Licence”.

Besides privateering by the Dutch, the search for salt was the mean drive for the Dutch, when they were sending out ships to the Caribbean to look for salt. They needed large quantities of salt for their fishing fleet to cure herring and other fish caught in the North Sea, and in the country for the preservation of meat
When the Dutch were under Spanish control salt could easily be obtained in Spain and Portugal, but when the ties were broken between the two countries on the end of the 16th century, other sources for salt were needed.
The Dutch found it at Punta del Araya on the coast of Venezuela.
The Spanish did not like this trade and many clashes took place there between the Dutch and Spanish ships
When in 1621 the Dutch West India Company (WIC) was formed, the outward cargo for these ships to the Caribbean and South America was all kind of merchandise while the homeward cargo was many times salt.
Around 1623 around 800 Dutch vessels were used in the trade from the Zeven Provincien to the Caribbean.

In 1625 the British Captain John Powel visited Barbados, and he took possession of the Island for England.

When he returned in the U.K. his employer William Courteen decided to send out British settlers to Barbados.
80 Settlers under the leadership of Henry Powel a brother of John left England on board two ships of which one was the WILLIAM AND JOHN.
20 February 1627 they arrived on the west coast of Barbados, were the settlers landed they named the place Jamestown after King James.

They brought with them 10 black slaves captured on the outward voyage from a Portuguese ship, and also all the equipment needed to begin a new colony.

Barbados 1975 4c sg538, scott?. 1994 $1.10 sg1086, scott883.

Source; Various web-sites. The Caribbean People by Lennox Honeychurch.

Auke Palmer.
john sefton
Posts: 1632
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2009 1:59 pm

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