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On 17 November 1999 New Zealand issued a set of stamps in the Millennium Leading the Way part 5, and the 40c of this issue depict a power-jet-boat. By searching for info on the stamp I found the book Wild Irishman which was written by his wife Peggy Hamilton.
Between page 160 and 161 is a photo and I am sure this photo was used for the design of the stamp.
The caption says Matthew Wills on the Tasman River, with Mount Cook in the background. The person standing in the boat must be Mr. Wills and most probably the woman near him, his wife. Mr. Wills was an in-law of William (Bill) Hamilton.
Very vague on the stamp you find a sketch for a two stage axial-flow power unit, and I believe it is the original sketch of George Davison the manager of Hamilton boating division. And this sketch marked in 1956 the beginning of the Hamilton unit as it is known today.
Bill Hamilton born in 1899 at Ashwick station (a sheep farm), New Zealand, South Island was a farmer and inventor and during a camping holiday in 1951 along the Waitaki River, he made the suggestion that it was more fun to travel and explore the river by boat. But most rivers in New Zealand are shallow and scattered with rocks and treacherous willows in and along the banks, the water boiling all around them, with the change to be sucked underneath the branches or roots. On this rivers you can go downstreams in a canoe, but upstreams was not possible due to the strong current, and a conventional propeller craft could never navigate the shallow rivers.
After the holiday, he started with several experiments, first with a tunnel boat with a catamaran hull, with a propeller mounted in a cavity along the centre, but it did not work. Then he tried a new hull with a retractable water-propeller and an airscrew mounted on the transom for use in the shallows. The experiment was improving but the noise and draught were terrible, and the change to be decapitated by the airscrew considerable. Then he turned his attention to the marine jet, the first boat was a 12 foot plywood hull, with a 100E Ford engine, and the jet a bevel gear driven centrifugal type pump. The jet did work but the steering was not good, and the bevel gears were noisy. The outlet for the jet was below water level and this was a mistake. But it was a great improvement. Her maximum speed upstreams on the Waitaka River was 11 mile, but a speed of 11 mile was not good enough and also the steering had to be improved.
The centrifugal pump was changed for an axial flow, this handled more water and gave a greater trust, and the outlet for the jet was put through the transom above the waterline. The speed increased to 17 mile and steering was perfect. By maximum speed she could turn around her own length, and the stability of the boat was good. The first jet boat in 1953 was only a private boat to get her owner and his family on the rivers they wanted to explore.
A new 14 foot boat was built the WHIO named after a blue duck living in the high-country and found in the mountain streams. She was powered by a Mark 1 Consul engine, 45 hp, but still fitted out with the centrifugal-pump. Three jet-boats of this type were built.
The jet boat was a success and others wanted one.
1955 The first production unit was installed in a fine mahogany and kauri craft, belonging to Matthews Wills (I believe the craft on the stamp of $1.20). She was a 4.8 meter long, and she was powered by a six cylinder 65hp Mark 1 Zephyr engine, maximum speed up to 45 km/h. It was the so-called Quinnat model of which only seven were built, she were notable for their noisy gearbox. Wills was for many years the owner, and the craft still exist.
Today there are hundreds of jet boats all over the world, and on shallow rivers you will find this craft. All this craft still use the type of waterjet designed by (later) Sir William Hamilton.
He himself never claimed that he it was not he who invented the waterjet, that honour he attributed to the great mind of Archimedes. He only improved the idea.
Hamilton died in 1978.

New Zealand 1999 $1.20 sg?, scott? and 2007 $2.00 sg?, scott?
Source: Wild Irisman by Peggy Hamilton. The jet boat the making of a New Zealand Legend by Les Blokham and Anne Stark.

CÔTE D'OR II yacht

The catamaran is the CÔTE D’OR II which was originally built as the catamaran PAUL RICHARD in 1979, designed by Alain de Bergh.
Tonnage 17 tons, dim. 16.50 x 17m.
03 May 1979 launched as the PAUL RICHARD in Cherbourg, France.
26 May 1979 under skipper Eric Tabarly in the Transatlantic Race from Lorient to Bermuda and return to Lorient ended in the 2nd place.
07 June 1980 under skipper Marc Pajot in the transatlantic race but was disqualified.
22 July till August 1980 made the record for the Atlantic crossing in 10 days 5h 14m 20sec.
19 October 1980 La Baule-Dakar race under skipper Patrick Tabarly ended in 3rd place.
07 – 12 November 1982 Route de Rhum race in which she abandon the race.
22 May 1983 Lorient-Bermuda-Lorient Transatlantic race under skipper Eric Tabarly she abandon the race.
June 1984 sole transatlantic OSTAR race from Plymouth to Newport where she ended in the 4th place.
When the trimaran CÔTE D’OR II was built due to lack of funds by Eric Tabarly the aluminium centre-body of the PAUL RICHARD was used at the ACX site in Brest.
The yacht was designed by Xavier Joubert, and built at the shipyard Lorient Perriére.
September 1986 launched as the CÔTE D’OR II.
Dim. 22.85 length, beam ?, draught 0.6/3m.
Sail area 309 m² upwind, 755 m² downwind.
Crew 1 – 12.
November 1986 in the Route de Rhum race she broke her port float and she has to abandon the race. She was towed to port by the yacht PEN DUICK VI.
April 1987 after repairs she returns to the water again and under skipper Patric Tabarly she won the Grand Prize of Brest.
June 1987 she gets a new mast and a set of sails where after she took part in 5th race of Europe co-skippered by the brothers Tabarly.
October 1987 in the La Baule to Dakar race on the eight day of the race the CÔTE D’OR with a 20 kn. wind met a cross sea when Eric Taberly was on the helm and under full sail, the port float dives and the boat rotates and capsized, a distress signal was given and after about 10 hours the crew was picked up from the capsized hull by a Portuguese navy vessel.
The capsized hull was found by a Portuguese fisherman and towed to Funchal, were most of the crews belongings and equipment were stolen. At the port she was returned to her owners.
Repair was too expensive and the CÔTE D’Or was put on the sale list for 2 million Francs.
At least in 2002 the owner and Patrick Tabarly sailed her to Lorient, were she was taken out of the water at La Citée de la Voile.
Bertrant Quentin was looking for a yacht for Route du Rhum 2010 and he became interested in de CÔTE D’OR, he invested 60,000 (other source 300,000) Euro and with the help of two other persons an agreement with the Portuguese owner was reached.
31 January 2010 she was put again in the water, and sailed to the starting point for the Route du Rhum Race under skipper Quentin Bertrant,
During day two of this race the skipper got a heart attack and had to be airlifted from board and the CÔTE D’OR abandon the race.
2015 Still around under Portuguese flag.

Niger 1998 MSsg?, scott?
Source: Internet.


Built in 1998 by van der Giessen de Noord, Alblasserdam (Nl.) #972, for Sealion Shipping, London.
Offshore Support Supply Vessel, Gt:6948, Nt:2085, Dw:6400, Loa:113,57m. Lbpp:107,35m. B:22m. D:9,50m. Draught:6,75m. 4-9L26 Wärtsilä diesels:14.60 hp. 13¼ kn.
2 thrusters aft, 3 at the front, 1 Crane SWL:150 tons, 1-30 tons, IMO.9171852.
(Marshall Islands 2006, 39 c. StG.?) ship alongside the DISCOVERER ENTERPRISE.

COTE D'OR (I) yacht

Niger issued in 1998 a sheet of two 2000 F stamps which shows us the French sailing legend ERIC TABARLEY with in the margin and on right stamp yachts he used.
So far I can see are it the yachts COTE d’OR I and II.
It looks that in the margin two monohull yachts (not identified) are depict and one catamaran which shows the name CÔTE D’OR II, while the stamp on the right shows the monohull CÔTE D’OR I
CÔTE D’OR I was built by Andre Cocquyt at the AMTEC shipyard in Belgium, and designed by the French naval architect Joubert Nivelt.
Displacement 32 tons, dim. 25.4 x 6 x 4.3m. (draught)
Hull made of sandwich Kevlar-carbon
Sail area 703 m².
1985 Completed as the CÔTE D’OR named after the main sponsor of the Belgium chocolate branch.
She took part in the Whitbread Round the World Race 1985-1986 under skipper Eric Taberly and Belgium flag, ended as 10th in a time of 125 days and 19 hours.
1987 Took part in the French Race from Lorient to St Pierre et Miquelon and return, ended 2nd in this race.
She was sold in 199? And renamed in YORGO, can’t find her new owners but she was skippered for a long time by Jan Blomme. Used as a charter yacht with 4 crew and up to 12 passengers.
She was for sale and was sold, needed a refit, have not any info more on her.

Niger 1998 two 2000F stamps or labels sgMS?, scott?
Source: Internet


The last stamp of a set of four depicts I believe a World War II, one funnel destroyer from the USA, you can see a life raft standing on the starboard side in front of the bridge, which was used during the war by the USA and British Navy. The base of the funnel is square tapering which is not often seen. Abreast of the funnel you have one life boat.
Any idea of our warships collectors which class is depict?

Niger 1998 525F sg?, scott?


The aircraft carrier depict on this Niger stamp, carries on the funnel the No 42 which belongs to the FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (CV 42)
Built by the New York Naval Shipyard in New York for the USA Navy.
01 December 1943 laid down.
29 April 1945 launched as the USS CORAL SEA.
Displacement 45,000 ton standard, 55,000 full load dim. 295 x 34.4 x 10.7m. (draught), length bpp 274.3m.
Powered by General Electric steam turbines 200,000 shp, four shafts, speed 33 knots.
Armament: 18 – 5”/54 caliber Mark 16 guns. 21 – 40mm Bofors/60 caliber guns.
Aircraft carried, 137.
Crew 4,104.
08 May 1945 renamed in FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
27 October 1945 commissioned.

USS FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT (CVB/CVA/CV-42) was the second of three Midway class aircraft carriers. To her crew, she was known as the "Swanky Franky," "Foo-De-Roo," or "Rosie," with the last nickname probably the most popular. Roosevelt spent most of her active deployed career operating in the Mediterranean Sea as part of the United States Sixth Fleet. The ship was decommissioned in 1977 and was scrapped shortly afterward.
Early career
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT was constructed at New York Naval Shipyard. Sponsor Mrs. John H. Towers, wife of the Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet, christened the ship CORAL SEA at the 29 April 1945 launching. On 8 May 1945, President Harry S. Truman approved the Secretary of the Navy's recommendation to rename the ship FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT in honor of the late president.
ROOSEVELT was commissioned on Navy Day, 27 October 1945, at the New York Naval Shipyard. Capt. Apollo Soucek was the ship's first commanding officer. During her shakedown cruise, ROOSEVELT called at Rio de Janeiro from 1 to 11 February 1946 to represent the United States at the inauguration of Brazilian president Eurico Gaspar Dutra, who came aboard for a short cruise. During April and May, ROOSEVELT participated in Eighth Fleet maneuvers off the East Coast, the Navy's first major postwar training exercise.
On 21 July 1946, ROOSEVELT became the first American carrier to operate an all-jet aircraft under controlled conditions. Lieutenant Commander James Davidson, flying the McDonnell XFD-1 Phantom, made a series of successful take-offs and landings as ROOSEVELT lay off Cape Henry, Virginia. Jet trials continued in November, when Lt. Col. Marion E. Carl, USMC, made two catapult launches, four unassisted take-offs, and five arrested landings in a Lockheed P-80A.
Fleet maneuvers and other training operations in the Caribbean preceded ROOSEVELT‘s first deployment to the Mediterranean, which lasted from August to October 1946. ROOSEVELT, flying the flag of Rear Admiral John H. Cassady, Commander, Carrier Division 1, led the U.S. Navy force that arrived in Piraeus on 5 September 1946. This visit showed U.S. support for the pro-Western government of Greece, which was locked in a civil war with Communist insurgents. The ship received thousands of visitors during her calls to many Mediterranean ports.
ROOSEVELT returned to American waters and operated off the East Coast until July 1947, when she entered Norfolk Naval Shipyard for an extensive overhaul. At that time, her quad 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns were replaced by 40 3 in (76 mm) Mark 22 guns in Mark 33 twin mountings.
From September 1948 to January 1949, ROOSEVELT undertook a second tour of duty with U.S. Naval Forces, Mediterranean. In 1950, ROOSEVELT became the first carrier to take nuclear weapons to sea. In September and October 1952, she participated in Operation Mainbrace, the first major NATO exercise in the North Atlantic. ROOSEVELT operated with other major fleet units, including the aircraft carriers USS, USS WASP and HMS EAGLE, as well as the battleships USS WISCONSIN and HMS VANGUARD.
ROOSEVELT was reclassified CVA-42 on 1 October 1952. On 7 January 1954, she sailed for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard to undergo extensive reconstruction. Too large to pass through the Panama Canal, ROOSEVELT rounded Cape Horn and arrived at the shipyard on 5 March. She was temporarily decommissioned there for her refit on 23 April 1954.
ROOSEVELT was the first of her class to undergo the SCB-110 reconstruction, at a cost of $48 million. She received an enclosed "hurricane bow," one C-11-2 and two C-11-1 steam catapults, strengthened arresting gear, an enlarged bridge, a mirror landing system, and a 482 ft (147 m) angled flight deck. SPS-8 height finding radar and SPS-12 air search radar were mounted on a new tubular mast. The aft elevator was relocated to the starboard deck edge, the forward elevator was enlarged, and all elevators were uprated to 75,000 lb capacity. Aviation fuel bunkerage was increased from 350,000 to 450,000 gallons (1,320,000 to 1,700,000 L). Standard displacement rose to 51,000 tons, while deep load displacement rose to 63,400 tons. As weight compensation, several of the 5 inch (127 mm) Mark 16 anti-aircraft guns were landed, leaving only 10, and the 3,200 ton armor belt was removed. Hull blisters were also added to cope with the increased weight. ROOSEVELT recommissioned on 6 April 1956.
After post-refit trials, ROOSEVELT sailed for her new homeport of Mayport, Florida. In February 1957, ROOSEVELT conducted cold weather tests of catapults, aircraft, and the Regulus guided missile, in the Gulf of Maine. In July, she sailed for the first of three consecutive Sixth Fleet deployments. Her assignments in the Mediterranean added NATO exercises to her normal schedule of major fleet operations, and found her entertaining a distinguished list of guests each year.
During a 1958 mid-year overhaul, the 22 remaining 3-inch (76 mm) guns were removed.
On 24 October 1958, ROOSEVELT supported USS KLEINSMITH (APD 134) in the evacuation of 56 American citizens and three foreign nationals from Nicara, Cuba, as the Cuban Revolution came to a climax.
In late 1960, the Control Instrument Company installed the first production Fresnel Lens Optical Landing System (FLOLS) onboard ROOSEVELT. She recorded her one hundred thousandth aircraft landing in March 1961. During a 1963 overhaul, six more 5-inch (127 mm) guns were removed.
While operating in the Eastern Mediterranean in the fall of 1964, ROOSEVELT lost a blade from one of her 20 ton propellers. She proceeded from Naples, Italy to New York with the number one shaft locked. After replacing the propeller at Bayonne, New Jersey, ROOSEVELT returned to the Mediterranean to complete her cruise.
From August 1966 to January 1967, ROOSEVELT made her only deployment to Southeast Asia, spending a total of 95 days "on the line." Her embarked airwing, Carrier Air Wing One, consisted mainly of F-4 Phantom IIs and A-4 Skyhawks. ROOSEVELT received one battle star for her service during the Vietnam War.
In January 1968, Italian actress Virna Lisi was invited by ROOSEVELT’s crew to participate in the ship's twenty-second birthday celebrations. Lisi helped prepare 5,000 T-bone steaks at a large cook-out staged on the flight deck.
Austere modernization
ROOSEVELT was initially slated to undergo an extensive reconstruction (SCB 101.68) similar to that received by MIDWAY from 1966 to 1970. This plan was derailed by massive cost overruns in MIDWAY’s reconstruction, which eventually totalled $202 million. ROOSEVELT was therefore limited to an austere $46 million refit, enabling her to operate the Grumman A-6 Intruder and LTV A-7 Corsair II.
In July 1968, ROOSEVELT entered Norfolk Naval Shipyard for her 11-month modernization program. The forward centerline elevator was relocated to the starboard deck edge forward of the island, the port waist catapult was removed, the crew spaces were refurbished, and two of the four remaining 5-inch (127 mm) anti-aircraft turrets were removed. ROOSEVELT also received a deck edge spray system...

William And John

The full index of our ship stamp archive

William And John

Postby john sefton » Tue Jan 11, 2011 2:45 pm

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Click image to view full size
WILLIAM AND JOHN. Ship which carried settlers to the island in 1625.

The vessel depicted is not the WILLIAM AND JOHN but most probably a Dutch fluyt, a ships type which around that time was used by the Dutch merchant marine in large numbers. (see index for the details of the fluyt.)
The Dutch were calling already before 1625 at Barbados and via sources from the Dutch West India Company in Zeeland the Anglo-Dutch merchant William Courteen sent two ships to Barbados.
One of the ships was the WILLIAM AND JOHN or some sources given JOHN AND WILLIAM.
There is not any information on the ship, and the stamp design on the 1994 stamp depicts her “with a certain amount of Licence”.

Besides privateering by the Dutch, the search for salt was the mean drive for the Dutch, when they were sending out ships to the Caribbean to look for salt. They needed large quantities of salt for their fishing fleet to cure herring and other fish caught in the North Sea, and in the country for the preservation of meat
When the Dutch were under Spanish control salt could easily be obtained in Spain and Portugal, but when the ties were broken between the two countries on the end of the 16th century, other sources for salt were needed.
The Dutch found it at Punta del Araya on the coast of Venezuela.
The Spanish did not like this trade and many clashes took place there between the Dutch and Spanish ships
When in 1621 the Dutch West India Company (WIC) was formed, the outward cargo for these ships to the Caribbean and South America was all kind of merchandise while the homeward cargo was many times salt.
Around 1623 around 800 Dutch vessels were used in the trade from the Zeven Provincien to the Caribbean.

In 1625 the British Captain John Powel visited Barbados, and he took possession of the Island for England.

When he returned in the U.K. his employer William Courteen decided to send out British settlers to Barbados.
80 Settlers under the leadership of Henry Powel a brother of John left England on board two ships of which one was the WILLIAM AND JOHN.
20 February 1627 they arrived on the west coast of Barbados, were the settlers landed they named the place Jamestown after King James.

They brought with them 10 black slaves captured on the outward voyage from a Portuguese ship, and also all the equipment needed to begin a new colony.

Barbados 1975 4c sg538, scott?. 1994 $1.10 sg1086, scott883.

Source; Various web-sites. The Caribbean People by Lennox Honeychurch.

Auke Palmer.
john sefton
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