SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year. Full membership of £17 (UK only) includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

035 type submarine

Built as a submarine type 035 by Wuchang at Wuhan for the Chinese Navy.
Three were launched with pennant No 231, 232 and 342, 231 got on fire before delivery and was scrapped.
Displacement 2.110 ton submerged, dim. 76 x 7.6 x 7.6m, draught 5.1m.
Powered by one type E390ZC diesel engine, 5,200 hp, speed 18 knots submerged.
Test depth 300m.
Crew 57.
Armament 6 - 533mm torpedo tubes.
1975 and 1979 completed.

2017 Both submarine of this class were stricken.

The Type 035 submarine (NATO reporting name: Ming-class) is a class of diesel-electric submarines of the People's Liberation Army Navy. The Type 035 is a heavily improved redesign of the older Type 033 Romeo-class submarine, which were built in China from 1962 to 1984.
Background
In 1963, under the 1950 Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance, the Soviet Union passed to China the necessary design details in order to produce Romeo-class submarines.[2] The Chinese variant became known as the Type 033 Romeo-class, of which China built a total of 84 between 1962 and 1984.
During 1970s, China's ambition to create an indigenous submarine industry lead to the commissioning of Wuhan Ship Development and Design Institute (701 Institute) to design and build an improved submarine based on the Type 033 hull, named the Type 035 Ming-class. Two Type 035 boats were complete by 1974.
Variants
Type 035: First unit of the Ming class submarine, with construction of 2 units begun simultaneously in October 1969 in Wuchang Shipyard. The general designer was Mr. Wei Xumin The most significant difference between Type 035 Ming class and Type 033 Wuhan class is that the former is driven by a single shaft instead of twin shafts of the latter. Trials completed in October 1974 and this first unit (original pennant number 162, but later changed to 232) built at Wuchang Shipyard entered Chinese service in the following month.
Boats of the class 035
The following are the pennant numbers of each boat, according to their type:
Type 035 Ming-class (ES5C): 232 and 342 both are stricken.

Djibouti 2016 280fd sg?, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_035_submarine http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz

CARIBE SUN fast ferry

Monserrat issued a stamp in 2016? which give, that the ferry SEA ACCESS is depict, not any vessel under that name exit and by searching around on the internet I am sure the fast ferry CARIBE SUN is depict.
She is not more in service since April 2016 between Montserrat and Antigua, and later that year replaced by the JADEN SUN.
Built as a twin hull fast ferry under yard No 320 by Lindstol Skibs og Baatbyggeri AS, Risor, Norway for Fylkesbaatane I Sogn og Fjordane, Florø, Norway.
10 September 2001 laid down.
12 April 2002 launched as the FJORDTROLL.
Tonnage 308 grt, 30 dwt, dim. 31.70 x 9.44 x 2.30m. (draught).
Powered by two MTU 12V396 TE74L diesel engines, each 1,500 kW, servogear propellers, maximum speed 36 knots.
Passengers 194.
19 July 2002 delivered to owners.

Sold in 2013 to Caribe Transport Ltd. Tortola, Virgin Islands and renamed CARIBE SUN.
Used in the service between Montserrat to Antigua till April 2016.
2017 For sale at Grenada. Imo No 9259434.

Source: http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz and internet.
Montserrat 2016?, $3.50 sg?, scott?

Vilkitsky is a polar explorer

Boris Andreyevich Vilkitsky (22 March (3 April N.S.) 1885 – 6 March 1961) was a Russian hydrographer and surveyor. He was the son of Andrey Ippolitovich Vilkitsky.
Vilkitsky graduated from the Naval Academy in Saint Petersburg in 1908. He participated in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905. In 1913—1915 he led the Arctic hydrographic expedition on the ships "Taimyr" and "Vaigach" with the purpose of further exploration of the Northern Sea Route.
In 1913, Vilkitsky's expedition discovered islands “Emperor Nicholas II Land” —later renamed 'Severnaya Zemlya', perhaps one of the most important Russian discoveries in the Arctic at the time. Other discoveries were an island that now bears his name (Vilkitsky Island), as well as the islands of Maly Taymyr and neighboring Starokadomsky. In 1914—1915, Vilkitsky's expedition made the first through voyage from Vladivostok to Arkhangelsk, discovered Novopashenniy Island (now Zhokhov Island), and described the eastern coastline of the territory he named 'Emperor Nicholas II Land'. He was awarded the prestigious Constantine Medal by the Russian Geographical Society for his endeavours. In 1918, Vilkitsky was appointed head of the first Soviet hydrographic expedition, which never took place due to its seizure by the interventionists in Arkhangelsk. In 1920, Vilkitsky emigrated to Britain. In 1923 and 1924, Vilkitsky led commercial expeditions in the Kara Sea at the invitation of the Soviet foreign trade organizations. Later in his life, Vilkitsky was employed as a hydrographer in the Belgian Congo. Boris Vilkitsky died in Brussels in 1961. Many geographical features in Russia bear Vilkitsky's name: The most well-known one is Vilkitsky Strait, the strait between Severnaya Zemlya and Taimyr Peninsula, an important landmark of the Northern Sea Route. Zaliv Vil'kitskogo, a bay in the NW shores of Novaya Zemlya. Vilkitsky Island in the Kara Sea. The Vilkitsky Islands, a division of the Nordenskjold Archipelago. The Vilkitsky Islands subgroup of the Komsomolskaya Pravda Islands in the Laptev sea off the eastern shores of the Taymyr Peninsula. Vilkitsky Island in the De Long Group in the Eastern Siberian Sea
For more details about the ships "Taimyr" and "Vaigach" see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7546
Russia2013;3x15r. Djibuti 2016;500fdj. Centrafricaine 2016;1200f.
Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Vilkitsky

Fyodor Litke and his “New Earth”

30th June, 1824 the brig "New Earth" sailed off to the shores of the Island Novaya Zemlya under the direction of Fyodor Litke. In the period 1821-1824 Litke made four scientific expeditions to the New Earth, during which he mapped and described the coast of the archipelago, studied the fairway of the White Sea. Fyodor Litke - Russian explorer, geographer and hydrographer, Arctic explorer, Admiral of the Russian Fleet. In 1817 20-year-old boy was invited to sail around the world on the sloop "Kamchatka" under the leadership of famous at that Vasily Golovin. Route can be traced on a geographic map: sloop rounded Cape Horn, crossed the Pacific, reached Kamchatka, visited Hawaii, Mariana and the Moluccas, passed the Indian Ocean, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, went to the island of St. Helena, where Napoleon was serving the sentence, returned to Kronstadt. After a two-year voyage Litke returned back as a mature lieutenant who could make decisions in difficult moments. On the recommendation of Golovnin Litke was appointed as a leader of the expedition to Novaya Zemlya. It is known that in the early XIX century this archipelago was studied sufficiently. In fact, since the time of Barents, who came here in 1594 and gathered extensive cartographic material to travel of Rozmyslova in 1768 nothing was done. Thus, without major research it was impossible to make a reliable map of Novaya Zemlya.Litke made four expeditions, during which drew a map of the coast of Novaya Zemlya, described many places on the coast of the White Sea, explored dangerous shoals and fairway depth of the sea. In 1828 Litke published a book, in which he described all four expeditions 1821-1824. This work brought Litke recognition and fame in the scientific world. Maps of Litke were used by polar sailors for more than 100 years. Work of Moses, Pakhtusova and Tsivolki only supplemented them in detail. Litke’s research has showed how few people knew about White Sea. At the request of Litke was assembled a team led by Reynard to explore the White Sea. Fyodor Litke presented geography Bonin Islands Shima, Mariana and Caroline Archipelago, the Bering Sea, Kamchatka and Novaya Zemlya. Litke held numerous hydrographic and geographic research, the exact magnetic, gravimetric and astronomical measurements and observations, cartographic works, which brought him fame.
Russia 1994;250r;SG6505. Djibouti 2016;500fdj;SG?
Source: mapstor.com/news/this-day-in-history/30-06-2014-30th-june-1824-the-brig-new-earth-sailed-off-to-the-shores-of-novaya-zemlya.

CROWN PRINCESS Cruise vessel (2006)

Built as a passenger-cruise vessel under yard No 6100 by Sestri Fincantieri Italiana, Monfalcone, Italy for Princess Cruiseline Ltd., Valencia, CA, USA.
03 May 2004 laid down.
The forepart of the vessel was built under yard no 1100 by Sestri, Genoa-Sestri and after completed towed to Monfalcone.
09 September 2005 floated out under the name CROWN PRINCESS.
Tonnage 113,365 grt, 85,676 nrt, 13,294 dwt, dim. 288.6 x 36.1 x 11.4m., draught 8,00m, length bpp. 242.4m.
Powered diesel electric by six Wärtsilä_Sulzer 16ZAV40s diesel engines, 67,200 kW, two fixed pitch propellers with Siemens Electric propulsion each 19 MW.
Accommodation for maximum 3592 passengers, crew 1201.
26 May 2006 completed. Homeport Hamilton, Bermuda. IMO No 9293399.

CROWN PRINCESS is a Grand-class cruise ship owned and operated by Princess Cruises. Her maiden voyage took place on June 14, 2006, departing Red Hook, Brooklyn (New York) for Grand Turk (Turks & Caicos), Ocho Rios (Jamaica), Grand Cayman (Cayman Islands), and Port Canaveral (Florida). As of 2015, the CROWN PRINCESS sails to Mexico for the Winter season, and Alaska for the Summer season. Like her sister ships EMERALD PRINCESS and RUBY PRINCESS her Skywalkers Night Club is built aft of the funnel rather than suspended over the stern. Her godmother is Martha Stewart.
Galveston
In December 2012, the CROWN PRINCESS made a transatlantic crossing from Venice to Galveston, TX where she stayed to run Caribbean itineraries from December 2012 to April 2013. When the ship arrived in Galveston on December 22, 2012, at least 102 passengers had contracted norovirus. The CROWN PRINCESS had previously been plagued by two separate outbreaks of norovirus in January/February 2012.
Listing incident
On July 18, 2006 at approximately 3:30 pm ET, one hour after departing her last port of call in Port Canaveral, the CROWN PRINCESS reported "listing" or making "heavy turns".The U.S. Coast Guard was contacted shortly after and crews arrived within minutes to assist the troubled vessel. The cruise ship was on its way home to New York City, and the decision was made to return to Port Canaveral due to what was initially thought to be a malfunction in the steering equipment which caused a severe tilting of the ship, and injuries. However, the NTSB found that the second officer, the senior watch officer on the bridge, disengaged the automatic steering mode of the vessel’s integrated navigation system after it put the ship into what the officer felt was an unusually hard turn to port and took manual control of the steering. The second officer turned the wheel first to port and then from port to starboard several times, eventually causing the vessel to list even more, to a maximum angle of about 24° to starboard. The severe listing tumbled passengers, crew members, pool water, and everything else not secured about the decks.[
Fourteen passengers and crew members were seriously injured, one suffering breathing difficulties after being hit in the chest by an airborne chair, and another 284 had minor injuries. Water from the four on-board pools poured into staircases and lift shafts. Most injuries were on the outdoor areas of Decks 15 and 16, where large beach chairs and tables hit and injured passengers. The other area that had many injured passengers was the balcony areas in the grand atrium. Many there were hit by falling objects and heavy marble tables. One woman who had an extended hospital stay was thrown against the glass wall on Deck 15 and covered by pool chairs and water from the pools themselves, being trapped underwater for several seconds. One passenger said "Afterward it was like a war zone with people walking around bleeding." and another added "All the windows were smashed. The top deck looked like a hurricane had hit it." No passengers or crew went overboard.
At 8:30 AM PT on July 19, Princess said that "approximately 240 passengers [were] treated onboard for various injuries such as abrasions, bruises and fractures, of which 94 were transferred to local hospitals ashore for evaluation and treatment"
The matter was referred to the National Transportation Safety Board and United States Coast Guard for investigation. After an internal review by Princess Cruises, its president Alan Buckelew publicly stated that "the incident was due to human error and the appropriate personnel changes have been made."
With approval from the Coast Guard and the Bermuda flag authorities, the vessel returned to service. A full refund was given to all passengers on the ill-fated cruise, and a 50% refund to passengers on the following cruise which was set to depart July 20 but instead departed from Brooklyn on July 22. Since then, CROWN PRINCESS has resumed her normal schedule.
Current/Future Cruises
CROWN PRINCESS until November 2012 was sailing the Mediterranean. In November 2012 the ship sailed to Galveston, Texas for the first time; marking the return of Princess to Galveston, where she sailed 7-Day western Caribbean cruises. In April 2013 she sailed to Southampton, where she sailed to northern Europe/the Mediterranean & the Canary Islands. Following that stint, CROWN PRINCESS will returned to the United States to Fort Lauderdale, Florida sailing alternating 7-Day eastern/southern Caribbean cruises to February 2014. On January 18, 2013 it was announced that CROWN PRINCESS will sail around South America. During that cruise Princess Cruises marked the first ever call in Ilhabela, Brazil. The southern Caribbean cruises from February 15, 2014 through April 26, 2014 were cancelled to allow for the South America cruise. Passengers who booked the cancelled voyages were notified and were assisted with finding alternate cruise options. After the South America cruise, she has been sailing to Mexico, Hawaii, and Pacific coastal cruises from Los Angeles, as well as Northbound and Southbound cruises from Vancouver and Whittier or Roundtrip Alaskan cruises from Seattle replacing the SAPPHIRE PRINCESS.
Starting in the 2016-17 season, she will become the largest Princess cruise ship ever to sail a full season to South America. At the end of this season, she will return to Fort Lauderdale to sail Caribbean cruises. This will mark the first time that the ship will be in the Caribbean since 2014.
2017 in Service same name and owner, Bermuda flag and registry, home port Hamilton.

Uruguay 2016 20p sg?, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_Princess_(ship)

CRYSTAL SERENITY cruise vessel

Built as a passenger cruise vessel under yard No H34 by Chantiers de L’Atlantique, St Nazaire, France for Crystal Cruises LLC, Los Angeles, USA.
13 June 2002 laid down.
10 August 2002 floated out as the CRYSTAL SERENITY.
Tonnage 68,870 grt, 34,913 nrt, 10,810 dwt, dim. 249,94 x 32.20 x 7.60m. (draught), length bpp.219,8m.
Powered: Diesel electric by six Wärtsilä 12V38B diesel engines, 52,197 kW, two Azipods, speed 22 knots.
Accommodation for 1,180 passengers. Crew 655.
30 June 2003 completed and delivered to Crystal Cruises, Nassau, Bahamas. IMO No 9243667.
03 July 2003 christened in Southampton.

CRYSTAL SERENITY is a cruise ship owned by Crystal Cruises. CRYSTAL SERENITY was built in 2003 by STX Europe in St. Nazaire. She operates together with her older fleetmate, CRYSTAL SYMPHONY, offering around the world voyages.
Concept and construction
By March 2000, Nippon Yusen Kaisha, parent company of Crystal, started negotiations with the French shipyard, Chantiers de l'Atlantique, for the construction of a third ship for Crystal Cruises. CRYSTAL SERENITY was then ordered in Chantiers de l'Atlantique (now STX France Cruise SA) on 7 November 2000, together with the signed Letter of Intent. On 12 December 2000, the official contract was then signed by NYK and Chantiers, for the construction of CRYSTAL SERENITY, with an expected delivery by June 2003, which was 6 months ahead of the original plans. By March 2001, Crystal Cruises unveiled the designs for the upcoming CRYSTAL SERENITY. The keel of CRYSTAL SERENITY was laid on 9 July 2002 in Chantiers de l'Atlantique in St. Nazaire, France. She was then christened on 3 July 2003, by Dame Julie Andrews, in Southampton, United Kingdom.
The lead designer of CRYSTAL SERENITY was Robert Tillberg of Tillberg Design. The other designers were the Italian Garroni Designers Company, Japanese Okada & Associates, American Nix Firestone Associates and II by IV design Associates, British Stephenjohn Design and was internally designed by Brennan Beer Gorman Monk (BBGM) of New York.
Ports of call
The maiden voyage of CRYSTAL SERENITY was on July 7, 2003, 4 days after her christening. It was a 14-day round-trip cruise, departing Southampton and cruising Northern Europe. During her inaugural season, CRYSTAL SERENITY held summer cruises in Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, and a transatlantic crossing. It was followed by two Caribbean/Panama Canal voyages and a combined Christmas/New Year Mexican Riviera cruise, round-trip from Los Angeles.
On January 14, 2004, she embarked on her first world cruise; a 106-day voyage departing Los Angeles, which concluded on May 5, in New York City.
CRYSTAL SERENITY was the largest cruise ship ever to navigate the Northwest Passage. Starting on 10 August 2016, the ship sailed from Vancouver to New York City with 1,700 passengers and crew, taking 28 days for the journey. In the Canadian Arctic it successfully made stops at Ulukhaktok and Cambridge Bay on Victoria Island, then passed up Franklin Strait and through the narrow Bellot Strait, adjacent to Zenith Point, the most northerly extension of North America. It explored Beechy Island where Franklin overwintered, followed by seldom visited fjords on the south side of Devon Island, plus fjords on Baffin Island and the village of Pond Inlet. On Sept. 5, 2016 it sailed for Disko Bay in Greenland. Her transit triggered comments on Canada's Arctic sovereignty.
2017 In service, same name and owner, Bahamas flag and registry.

Uruguay 2016 20p sg?, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_Serenity http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz
http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/crystal_serenity_2003.htm
$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]

Batavia (Dutch Merchant Vessel) 1628

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Batavia (Dutch Merchant Vessel) 1628

Postby Arturo » Mon Nov 17, 2014 9:07 pm

Batavia.jpg
Click image to view full size
1.jpg
Click image to view full size
2.jpg
2.jpg (6.37 KiB) Viewed 599 times
Click image to view full size
Batavia was a ship of the Dutch East India Company (VOC: Vereinigde Oost-Indische Comapagnie). It was built in Amsterdam in 1628 (The date on the stamp 1626 is wrong).
She was a vessel of 600 tons (180' x 40') and armed with 24 cast-iron cannons and a number of bronze guns. She was one of a fleet of eight V.O.C. ships which set sail from Texel on 27 October 1628. In addition to the usual complement of sailors and soldiers, she carried a few passengers and a large consingment of silver. Batavia was shipwrecked on her maiden voyage, and was made famous by the subsequent mutiny and massacre that took place among the survivors. A twentieth-century replica of the ship is also called the Batavia and can be visited in Lelystad, Netherlands.
On 27 October 1628, the newly built Batavia, commissioned by the Dutch East India Company, sailed from Texel for the Dutch East Indies, to obtain spices. It sailed under commandeur and opperkoopman (upper- or senior merchant) Francisco Pelsaert, with Ariaen Jacobsz serving as skipper. These two had previously encountered each other in Surat, India. Although some animosity had developed between them there, it is not known whether Pelsaert even remembered Jacobsz when he boarded Batavia. Also on board was the onderkoopman (under-or junior merchant) Jeronimus Cornelisz, a bankrupt pharmacist from Haarlem who was fleeing the Netherlands, in fear of arrest because of his heretical beliefs associated with the painter Johannes van der Beeck, also known as Torrentius.
During the voyage, Jacobsz and Cornelisz conceived a plan to take the ship, which would allow them to start a new life somewhere, using the huge supply of trade gold and silver then on board. After leaving Cape Town, where they had stopped for supplies, Jacobsz deliberately steered the ship off course, away from the rest of the fleet. Jacobsz and Cornelisz had already gathered a small group of men around them and arranged an incident from which the mutiny was to ensue. This involved molesting a high-ranking young female passenger, Lucretia Jans, in order to provoke Pelsaert into disciplining the crew. They hoped to paint his discipline as unfair and recruit more members out of sympathy. However, the woman was able to identify her attackers. The mutineers were then forced to wait until Pelsaert made arrests, but he never acted, as he was suffering from an unknown illness.

On 4 June 1629 the ship struck Morning Reef near Beacon Island, part of the Houtman Abrolhos off the Western Australian coast. Of the 322 aboard, most of the passengers and crew managed to get ashore, although 40 people drowned. The survivors, including all the women and children, were then transferred to nearby islands in the ship's longboat and yawl. An initial survey of the islands found no fresh water and only limited food (sea lions and birds). Pelsaert realised the dire situation and decided to search for water on the mainland.

A group comprising Captain Jacobsz, Francisco Pelsaert, senior officers, a few crewmembers, and some passengers left the wreck site in a 30-foot (9.1 m) longboat (a replica of which has also been made), in search of drinking water. After an unsuccessful search for water on the mainland, they headed north in a danger-fraught voyage to the city of Batavia, now known as Jakarta. This journey, which ranks as one of the greatest feats of navigation in open boats, took 33 days and, extraordinarily, all aboard survived.
After their arrival in Batavia, the boatswain, a man named Jan Evertsz, was arrested and executed for negligence and "outrageous behaviour" before the loss of the ship (he was suspected to have been involved). Jacobsz was also arrested for negligence, although his position in the potential mutiny was not guessed by Pelsaert.

Batavia's Governor General, Jan Coen, immediately gave Pelsaert command of the Sardam to rescue the other survivors, as well as to attempt to salvage riches from the Batavia's wreck. He arrived at the islands two months after leaving Batavia, only to discover that a bloody mutiny had taken place amongst the survivors, reducing their numbers by at least a hundred.

Jeronimus Cornelisz, who had been left in charge of the survivors, was well aware that if that party ever reached the port of Batavia, Pelsaert would report the impending mutiny, and his position in the planned mutiny might become apparent. Therefore, he made plans to hijack any rescue ship that might return and use the vessel to seek another safe haven. Cornelisz even made far-fetched plans to start a new kingdom, using the gold and silver from the wrecked Batavia. However, to carry out this plan, he first needed to eliminate possible opponents.

Cornelisz's first deliberate act was to have all weapons and food supplies commandeered and placed under his control. He then moved a group of soldiers, led by Wiebbe Hayes, to nearby West Wallabi Island, under the false pretence of searching for water. They were told to light signal fires when they found water and they would then be rescued. Convinced that they would be unsuccessful, he then left them there to die.

Cornelisz then had complete control. The remaining survivors would face two months of unrelenting butchery and savagery.

With a dedicated band of murderous young men, Cornelisz began to systematically kill anyone he believed would be a problem to his reign of terror, or a burden on their limited resources. The mutineers became intoxicated with killing, and no one could stop them. They needed only the smallest of excuses to drown, bash, strangle or stab to death any of their victims, including women and children.

Cornelisz never committed any of the murders himself, although he tried and failed to poison a baby (who was eventually strangled). Instead, he used his powers of persuasion to coerce others into doing it for him, firstly under the pretence that the victim had committed a crime such as theft. Eventually, the mutineers began to kill for pleasure, or simply because they were bored. He planned to reduce the island's population to around 45 so that their supplies would last as long as possible. In total, his followers murdered at least 110 men, women, and children.

Although Cornelisz had left the soldiers, led by Wiebbe Hayes, to die, they had in fact found good sources of water and food on their islands. Initially, they were unaware of the barbarity taking place on the other islands and sent pre-arranged smoke signals announcing their finds. However, they soon learned of the massacres from survivors fleeing Cornelisz' island. In response, the soldiers devised makeshift weapons from materials washed up from the wreck. They also set a watch so that they were ready for the mutineers, and built a small fort out of limestone and coral blocks.

Cornelisz seized on the news of water on the other island, as his own supply was dwindling and the continued survival of the soldiers threatened his own success. He went with his men to try to defeat the soldiers marooned on West Wallabi Island. However, the trained soldiers were by now much better fed than the mutineers and easily defeated them in several battles, eventually taking Cornelisz hostage. The mutineers who escaped regrouped under a man named Wouter Loos and tried again, this time employing muskets to besiege Hayes' fort and almost defeated the soldiers.

But Wiebbe Hayes' men prevailed again, just as Pelsaert arrived. A race to the rescue ship ensued between Cornelisz's men and the soldiers. Wiebbe Hayes reached the ship first and was able to present his side of the story to Pelsaert. After a short battle, the combined force captured all of the mutineers.

Pelsaert decided to conduct a trial on the islands, because the Saardam on the return voyage to Batavia would have been overcrowded with survivors and prisoners. After a brief trial, the worst offenders were taken to Seal Island and executed. Cornelisz and several of the major mutineers had both hands chopped off before being hanged. Wouter Loos and a cabin boy, considered only minor offenders, were maroonedon mainland Australia, never to be heard of again. Reports of unusually light-skinned Aborigines in the area by later British settlers have been suggested as evidence that the two men might have been adopted into a local Aboriginal clan. Some amongst the Amangu people of the mainland have a blood group specific to Leyden, in Holland. However, numerous other European shipwreck survivors, such as those from the wreck of the Zuytdorp in the same region in 1712, may also have had such contact with indigenous inhabitants.

The remaining mutineers were taken to Batavia for trial. Five were hanged, while several others were flogged. Cornelisz's second in command, Jacop Pietersz, wasbroken on the wheel, the most severe punishment available at the time.

Captain Jacobsz, despite being tortured, did not confess to his part in planning the mutiny and escaped execution due to lack of evidence. What finally became of him is unknown. It is suspected that he died in prison in Batavia.

A board of inquiry decided that Pelsaert had exercised a lack of authority and was therefore partly responsible for what had happened. His financial assets were seized, and he died a broken man within a year.

On the other hand, the common soldier Wiebbe Hayes was hailed as a hero. The Dutch East India Company promoted him to sergeant, and later to lieutenant, which increased his salary fivefold.

Of the original 341 people on board the Batavia, only 68 made it to the port of Batavia.

During Admiralty surveys of the Abrolhos Islands on the north-west coast in April 1840, Captain Stokes of HMS Beagle reported that:
On the south west point of an island the beams of a large vessel were discovered, and as the crew of the Zeewyk, lost in 1728, reported having seen a wreck of a ship on this part, there is little doubt that the remains were those of the Batavia, Commodore Pelsart, lost in 1629. We in consequence named our temporary anchorage Batavia Road, and the whole group Pelsart Group.

However, Stokes appears to have confused the wreck of the Zeewyk for that of the Batavia. In the 1950s, historian Henrietta Drake-Brockman, who had learnt of the story due to her association with the children of the Abrolhos Islands guano merchant F. C. Broadhurst, son of Charles Edward Broadhurst, argued from extensive archival research and translations by E. D. Drok, that the wreck must lie in the Wallabi Group of islands. Surveyor Bruce Melrose and diving journalist Hugh Edwards agreed with the theory. In association with Drake-Brockman, Edwards organised a number of search expeditions near Beacon Island in the early 1960s and narrowly missed locating the site. After Edwards provided his research to them, and after being led to the place by Abrolhos rock lobster-fisherman Dave Johnson (who had seen an anchor from his boat while setting lobster pots), on 4 June 1963 Max and Graham Cramer with Greg Allen became the first to dive on the site. Its location, together with those of the VOC ship Vergulde Draeck (Gilt Dragon) and the English East India CompanyTriall (Tryal), in the early 1960s, led to the formation of the Departments of Maritime Archaeology and Materials Conservation and Restoration at the Western Australian Museum.

In 1972, the Netherlands transferred all rights to Dutch shipwrecks on the Australian coasts to Australia. Some of the items, including human remains, which were excavated, are now on display in the Western Australian Museum – Shipwreck Galleries in Fremantle, Australia. Others are held by the Western Australian Museum, Geraldton. These two museums presently share the remains: a replica stone arch is held in The Western Australian Museum – Shipwreck Galleries, which was intended to serve as a stone welcome arch for the city of Batavia and the actual stone arch is held in the Western Australian Museum, Geraldton; the original timbers from the ship's hull are held at the Western Australian Museum – Shipwreck Galleries. While a great deal of materials have been recovered from the wreck-site, the majority of the cannons and anchors have been left in-situ. As a result, the wreck remains one of the premier dive sites on the West Australian coast and is part of the museum's wreck trail, or underwater "museum-without-walls" concept.

A replica of the Batavia was built at the Bataviawerf (Batavia Wharf) in Lelystad in the Netherlands. The project lasted from 1985 to 7 April 1995, and was conducted as an employment project for young people under master-shipbuilder Willem Vos. The shipyard is currently reconstructing another 17th century ship. In contrast to the merchant ship Batavia, Michiel de Ruyters' flagship, the Zeven Provinciën, See topic: De Zeven Provincien ( ship of the line).

The Batavia replica was built with traditional materials, such as oak and hemp, and using the tools and methods of the time of the original ship's construction. For the design, good use was made of the remains of the original ship in Fremantle (and of the Vasa in Stockholm), as well as historical sources, such as 17th century building descriptions (actual building plans weren't made at the time), and prints and paintings by artists (who,at the time, generally painted fairly true to nature),of similar ships.

On 25 September 1999, the new Batavia was transported to Australia by barge, and moored at the National Maritime Museum in Sydney. In 2000, Batavia was the flagship for the Dutch Olympic Team during the 2000 Olympic Games. During its stay in Australia, the ship was towed to the ocean once, where it sailed on its own. On 12 June 2001, the ship returned to the Batavia werf in Lelystad, where it remains on display to visitors. On the evening of 13 October 2008, a fire ripped through the wharf. The museum's workshops, rigging loft, block shop, offices, part of a restaurant and the entire hand-sewn suit of sails of the ship were lost to the blaze, however the replica of "De Zeven Provinciën" nearby was undamaged. The moored Batavia was never in danger.

Burkina Faso, 1999, S.G.?, Scott: 1134.
Source: Wikipedia
Arturo
 
Posts: 723
Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2012 8:11 pm

Re: Batavia (Dutch Merchant Vessel) 1628

Postby Anatol » Sun Jan 11, 2015 10:02 pm

img1411.jpg
Click image to view full size
img1493.jpg
Click image to view full size
img1511.jpg
Click image to view full size
Batavia
Niger2014;750f;SG? Djibouti2013;400f;SG? Malawi2013;SG?
Anatol
 
Posts: 429
Joined: Sun Apr 12, 2009 2:13 pm

Re: Batavia (Dutch Merchant Vessel) 1628

Postby aukepalmhof » Wed Dec 30, 2015 7:57 pm

batavia.jpg
Click image to view full size
Germany Postmark 2015. Most probably depict the replica of the BATAVIA.
aukepalmhof
 
Posts: 4946
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

Re: Batavia (Dutch Merchant Vessel) 1628

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Sat Jan 02, 2016 3:00 pm

Batavia0002.jpg
Click image to view full size
(New Earth ???)
D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen
 
Posts: 658
Joined: Fri Sep 24, 2010 7:46 pm

Re: Batavia (Dutch Merchant Vessel) 1628

Postby Anatol » Sun Feb 12, 2017 10:00 pm

img09314.jpg
Click image to view full size
Batavia 1628. Djibouti 2015;1000f.
Anatol
 
Posts: 429
Joined: Sun Apr 12, 2009 2:13 pm


Return to Ship Stamps Collection

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Google Adsense [Bot], Google [Bot], Yahoo [Bot] and 57 guests

cron