SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year.
Other benefits include the availability of a "Packet" for anyone who wants to purchase or sell ship stamps.
Full membership of £17 (UK only) includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

Battle between HMS Frolic and U.S.S.Wasp 1812

Escorted by the Cruizer class brig-sloop H.M.S. Frolic, a convoy of fourteen British merchant vessels departed the Gulf of Honduras on 12 September 1812, bound for England. Frolic was under the command of Thomas Whinyates.
On 16 October, about 300 miles north of Bermuda, the convoy was scattered by a strong gale. Frolic suffered damage to her rigging, the main yard being carried away. October 17 saw Frolic's crew making good her repairs, and as darkness fell she was re-joined by six of her merchant charges.
Meanwhile, the American sloop of war U.S.S.Wasp had departed the Delaware River on 13 October, running south-east to intercept ships sailing between Great Britain and the West Indies. Wasp had also suffered in the same gale by losing her jib boom. At 11:30 pm on 17 October, the crew of the U.S.S. Wasp alerted their Commander, Jacob Jones, to several vessels sailing downwind to the leeward. The wily Jones stayed his distance until dawn, when he identified them as merchantmen surrounding a Royal Navy brig.
By now the weather had improved, but there was still a strong wind blowing and a fretful sea. Both vessels shortened sail and prepared for action. The crew of Frolic took down the jury mainyard, lashing it tightly to the deck. Since both vessels carried a main armament of short-range carronades, there was no attempt at manoeuvering to gain advantage before the fight; instead, they closed to "within hail", opening fire at 11:30 am, with U.S.S. Wasp to starboard and H.M.S. Frolic positioned to port.
Wasp 's crew fired low into their opponent's hull, whilst Frolic 's gunners fired high into the enemy's rigging in an attempt to destabilise it. The furious action continued, the ships closed, and the American gunners struck Frolic's sides with their rammers.
After just twenty minutes, Wasp 's rigging suffered serious damage, with the main topmast, the mizzen topgallant mast and the gaff being shot away. Virtually every brace was severed, now rendering the ship unmanageable. Frolic suffered even more, with the crew sustaining heavy casualties. Both vessels were now effectively unmanageable. Suddenly, Frolic collided with Wasp, which now fired a final devastating broadside. The superiority of American gunnery was widely accepted by both sides, although the Americans applauded the courageous fight put up by the British.
At precisely 11:52 am, American sailors boarded H.M.S. Frolic to discover half the crew either dead or wounded and all British officers dead. By contrast, the Americans had suffered just ten casualties.
Just after the fighting ceased, both the Frolic 's masts collapsed. An American prize crew boarded her and attempted to repair her rigging. A few hours later H.M.S. Poictiers hove into view, a British ship of the line commanded by Captain Sir John Beresford. Frolic was still rendered unmanageable, but with its damaged rigging U.S.S. Wasp was soon overtaken and she was forced to surrender in the face of impossible odds. Captain Beresford was expected to join the fleet blockading the American coast, but he now deemed it vital to marshal Frolic 's convoy for safe conduct to Bermuda.
Master Commandant Jacob Jones and his crew were soon to be released in a prisoner exchange. He was subsequently promoted and appointed to the command of U.S.S . Macedonian, which had been captured from the Royal Navy on 25th October. Jones later served as second in command to Commodore Isaac Chauncey, commander of the naval forces on Lake Ontario. H.M.S. Frolic was sadly broken up in November 1813, her severe damage rendering her incapable of ever fighting again, whilst Wasp briefly served in the Royal Navy as H.M.S. Peacock, she in turn being wrecked in 1814.
The design stamp is made after mirror painting of Roy Cross:”British brig the “Floric”,battles the American Cruiser “Wasp” 18 October 1812”
Mali 2017;500f; ource:www.richardjoslin.com/print-view.php?The Naval Action Between U.S.S i Wasp i H.M.S. i Frolic i 18th October 1812 101.

CHINESE JUNK

Micronesia issued in 1997 a miniature sheet of the “Return of Hong Kong to China, in a continuous design, on the ms a Chinese junk is depict see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14069&p=15794#p15794

Micronesia 1997 60c sgMS/, scott 259 b,c,e,f.

HMS Shannon captures USS Chesapeake,1813

On 9 April 1813 the U.S. Frigate Chesapeake returned to Boston after a cruise against British commercial shipping. Over the next several weeks she was refitted and received a new Commanding Officer, the recently promoted Captain James Lawrence. Many of her officers were replaced and a large percentage of her crew was newly enlisted. Though the ship was a good one, with a well-seasoned Captain, time would be necessary to work her men into a capable and disciplined combat team. However, the time was not available. Blockading off Boston was HMS Shannon, commanded for the past seven years by Captain Philip Broke, whose attention to gunnery practice and other elements of combat readiness was extraordinary. Shannon and Chesapeake were of virtually identical strength, though the American ship's crew was rather larger, and a duel between the two was attractive to both captains. Broke even issued a formal challenge, though it did not reach Lawrence, whose previous experience with British warships had convinced him that they were not likely to be formidable opponents. Chesapeake left Boston Harbor in the early afternoon of 1 June 1813. The two ships sailed several miles offshore, where Shannon slowed to await her opponent, who approached flying a special flag proclaiming "Free Trade and Sailors' Rights" in recognition of America's prewar grievances against British policies. Though Lawrence had a brief opportunity to rake, he did not do so, but closed to place his port broadside against Shannon's starboard battery. Somewhat before 6 PM the ships opened fire, both hitting, but the British guns did more damage and produced crippling casualties on Chesapeake's quarterdeck. Captain Lawrence was mortally wounded by small arms fire and had to be taken below, giving his final order "Don't give up the ship!" The American ship was soon out of control. The two frigates came together. Captain Broke led his boarding party onto Chesapeake's quarterdeck, where they met fierce but disorganized resistance. Assisted by cannon and small arms fire from on board Shannon, they soon gained control above decks, though Captain Broke was badly wounded in the process. Some fifteen minutes after the battle began, Chesapeake was in British hands. Casulaties were heavy: more than sixty killed on Chesapeake; about half that many on Shannon. The latter's cannon had made more than twice as many hits, and her boarding party demonstrated decisive superiority in hand-to-hand fighting. The action, which greatly boosted British morale, provided another of the War of 1812's many convincing examples of the vital importance of superior training and discipline in combat on sea and land.
Mali 2017;840f;SG?
Source:www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/OnlineLibrary/photos/events/war1812/atsea/ches-sn.htm

PK 10/130 UMS 1000 fire fighting boat

Ukraine issued in 2017 four stamps with firefighting craft of which one shows us a fire fighting and rescue boat in use in the Ukrainian waters.

The craft depict is the PK 10/130 (UMS 1000) which is sold by the Kompaniyatital 000 at Kiev. If they are the builder of the boat I am not sure, but I believe she are the agent for the builder.
Displacement 7000 kg. Full weight 3,500 kg. dim. 10.6 x 3.2 x 3.5m.
Powered by two Volvo Penta diesel engines each 330 hp, speed 45 knots.
For oil fighting she has a foam bag of 200 kg. and one fire pump.
Crew 8

Source: various internet sites.
Ukraine 2017 5k00 sg?, scott?

TRAUNSEE and paddlesteamer GISELA

By the issues is given:

About 35 Years UNPA at the Traunsee (1982 – 2017) - (Sheetlet Mint)
On 24 August 2017, UNPA will issue a personalized special event sheet celebrating “35 years UNPA at the Traunsee”. The sheet is composed of ten different € 0.68 denominated stamps. The stamps and the background image feature views of the Lake Traunsee, the City of Gmunden, the Castle “Schloss Ort” as well as the Villa Toscana. United Nations cancellations from the year 1982 are depicted on the tabs.
https://www.wopa-plus.com/en/stamps/product/&pid=38870#

The sheetlet has three maritime theme stamps, Two stamps shows us a paddlesteamer on the lake and a sail-yacht of the latter I do not have any information. The paddlesteamer must be the GISELA, the only old paddlesteamer on the lake, comparing the stamps with photos of the GISELA she is the vessel.
Her details and history are given on: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12854&p=15702&hilit=gisela#p15702

United Nations 2017 0.68Euro sgMS?, scott?

Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil.1808

In 1807, at the outset of the Peninsular War, Napoleonic forces invaded Portugal due to the Portuguese alliance with the United Kingdom. The prince regent of Portugal at the time, John VI, had formally governed the country on behalf of Maria I of Portugal since 1799. Anticipating the invasion of Napoleon's army, John VI ordered the transfer of the Portuguese royal court to Brazil before he could be deposed. Setting sail for Brazil on November 29, the royal party navigated under the protection of the British Royal Navy, and eight ships of the line, five frigates, and four smaller vessels of the Portuguese Navy, under the command of Admiral Sir Sidney Smith. On December 5, almost halfway between Lisbon and Madeira, Sidney Smith, along with Britain's envoy to Lisbon, Lord Strangford, returned to Europe with part of the British flotilla. Graham Moore, a British sailor and career officer in the Royal Navy, continued escorting the Portuguese royal family to Brazil with the ships Marlborough, London, Bedford, and Monarch. On January 22, 1808, John and his court arrived in Salvador, Brazil. There, Prince John signed a law opening commerce between Brazil and "friendly nations" such as the United Kingdom. This new law, however, broke the colonial pact that had permitted Brazil to maintain direct commercial relations with Portugal only. Secret negotiations at London in 1807 by Portuguese ambassador Domingos António de Sousa Coutinho guaranteed British military protection in exchange for British access to Brazil's ports and to Madeira as a naval base. Coutinho's secret negotiations paved the way for Prince John's law to come to fruition in 1808. On March 7, 1808, the court arrived in Rio de Janeiro. On December 16, 1815, John created the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (Reino Unido de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves), elevating Brazil to the same rank as Portugal and increasing the administrative independence of Brazil. Brazilian representatives were elected to the Portuguese Constitutional Courts (Cortes Constitucionais Portuguesas). In 1815, in the aftermath of Napoleon's defeat and the meeting of the Congress of Vienna convened to restore European political arrangements, the Portuguese monarch declared Brazil a co-equal to Portugal to increase Portugal's bargaining power. In 1816, with the death of Queen Maria, Prince John became king of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. After several delays, the ceremony of his acclamation took place in Rio de Janeiro in 1818. Owing to the absence of the king and the economic independence of Brazil, Portugal entered a severe political crisis that obliged John VI and the royal family to return to Portugal in 1821, otherwise he risked loss of his Portuguese throne. The heir of John VI, Pedro I, remained in Brazil. The Portuguese Cortes demanded that Brazil return to its former status as a colony and the return of the heir to Portugal. Prince Pedro, influenced by the Rio de Janeiro Municipal Senate (Senado da Câmara), refused to return to Portugal during the Dia do Fico (January 9, 1822). Brazil declared its independence on September 7, 1822, forming the Empire of Brazil, ending 322 years of colonial dominance of Portugal over Brazil. Pedro was crowned the first emperor in Rio de Janeiro on October 12, 1822, taking the name Dom Pedro I.
Mali 2017;600f;SG?
Source:wikipedia.org/wiki/Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil
$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]$post_attachment_names[$j]

Halifax Explosion

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Halifax Explosion

Postby john sefton » Mon Nov 06, 2017 4:01 pm

Canada-Post-Unveils-Halifax-Explosion-Stamp-678x381.jpg
Click image to view full size
Halifax was devastated on 6 December 1917 when two ships collided in the city's harbour, one of them a munitions ship loaded with explosives bound for the battlefields of the First World War. The result was the largest human-made explosion prior to the detonation of the first atomic bombs in 1945. The north end of Halifax was wiped out by the blast and subsequent tsunami. Nearly 2,000 people died, another 9,000 were maimed or blinded, and more than 25,000 were left without adequate shelter.

Wartime Harbour
Halifax was a busy, wartime port city in 1917, its harbour crowded with merchant vessels and warships from Canada and Britain. The city’s population of nearly 50,000 was swollen by the constant coming and going of naval officials, sailors, and troops bound for service in Europe. With one of the finest ice-free harbours in North America, Halifax was an important staging area for trans-Atlantic convoys, which collected in the protected inner expanse of Bedford Basin before ferrying supplies and soldiers to the war effort.
Two of those merchant ships were the Norwegian vessel Imo, en route to New York to pick up relief supplies for the beleaguered population of war-torn Belgium, and the French munitions ship Mont-Blanc — filled with tons of benzol, picric acid, TNT and gun cotton — arriving to join a convoy across the Atlantic.

Collision
The Imo was departing the harbour on the morning of 6 December 1917. It was travelling south through the Narrows, the harbour's tightest navigation section, moving faster than it should and passing to the left (port side) of oncoming ships, rather than to the right (starboard), which was customary. The Mont-Blanc was entering the harbour bound for Bedford Basin when it encountered the Imo in the Narrows sailing toward it. Not only did incoming ships (in this case Mont-Blanc) have right-of-way over outgoing vessels, but the Imo was also sailing too far to the left, in what should have been Mont-Blanc's path.
After a series of whistles and miscommunications between the officers and pilots on the two ships, the Imo struck the starboard bow of the Mont-Blanc, generating sparks that ignited benzol stored on Mont-Blanc's deck; the burning liquid then seeped into the holds.
For nearly 20 minutes the Mont-Blanc burned, sending a huge plume of black smoke into the sky, attracting the attention of people on shore, including children on their way to school. The spectacle drew many residents to their windows and others towards the ship itself, including teams of firefighters and sailors from other ships wanting to put out the fire on the Mont-Blanc.
Few understood the danger, except for a handful of harbour and naval officials, and the French-speaking crew and the local harbour pilot of the Mont-Blanc, who fled the ship after the fire broke out, rowing desperately in lifeboats for the Dartmouth side of the harbour. As they did so, the crippled and burning Mont-Blanc drifted towards Pier 6 on the Halifax shore, a busy area containing residential homes, businesses, moored ships and a large sugar refinery.

Vincent Coleman
One man on shore who did know an explosion was imminent was Vincent Coleman, a railway dispatcher who worked in the nearby rail yards. He was warned by a navy man during the fire about the Mont-Blanc'sdeadly cargo.
Coleman controlled the busy freight and passenger rail traffic coming and going from the Halifax peninsula. As the Mont-Blanc burned and the minutes ticked by, Coleman stayed at his post, tapping out a message on his telegraph key, warning officials at stations up the line to stop any trains — including the 8:55 a.m. train from Saint John, New Brunswick, with hundreds of passengers on board — from entering Halifax. It's not clear whether Coleman was actually responsible for holding up the Saint John train, but his message, in the final minutes of his life, was clear:
"Hold up the train. Ammunition ship afire in harbour making for Pier 6 and will explode. Guess this will be my last message. Goodbye boys."
Explosion and Tsunami
The Mont-Blanc exploded just before 9:05 a.m. More than 2.5 km2 of the north end of Halifax, then known as Richmond, was totally levelled, either by the blast, the subsequent tsunami that washed over the neighbourhood, or the raging fire caused when structures collapsed inward on lanterns, stoves and furnaces. Homes, offices, churches, factories, vessels, the railway station and freight yards — and people in the immediate area — were obliterated. Farther from the epicentre, Citadel Hill deflected shock waves away from south and west Halifax, where shattered windows and doors were the predominant damage. Across the harbour, Dartmouth suffered devastation to a lesser degree, since its north section was sparsely developed. However, the Mi’kmaq settlement at Tuft’s Cove was completely destroyed.
The blast shattered windows in Truro, 100 km away, and was heard in in Prince Edward Island. The crew of the fishing boat Wave, working off the coast of Massachusetts, even claimed to have heard the boom rumbling across the ocean.
Author Laura MacDonald describes the ferocity of the explosion in her book, Curse of the Narrows:
"The air blast blew through the narrow streets, toppling buildings and crashing through windows, doors, walls, and chimneys until it slowed to 756 miles an hour, five miles below the speed of sound. The blast crushed internal organs, exploding lungs and eardrums of those standing closest to the ship, most of whom died instantly. It picked up others, only to thrash them against trees, walls, and lampposts with enough force to kill them. Roofs and ceilings collapsed on top of their owners. Floors dropped into the basement and trapped families under timber, beams and furniture. This was particularly dangerous for those close to the harbour because a fireball, which was invisible in the daylight, shot out over a 1–4 mile area surrounding the Mont-Blanc. Richmond houses caught fire like so much kindling. In houses able to withstand the blast, windows stretched inward until the glass shattered around its weakest point, sending out a shower of arrow-shaped slivers that cut their way through curtains, wallpaper and walls. The glass spared no one. Some people were beheaded where they stood; others were saved by a falling bed or bookshelf. . . . Many others who had watched the fire seconds before awoke to find themselves unable to see."
The blast shot vapourized sections of the ship and cargo upwards in a great fireball. The ship's anchor was sent flying across the city and over the Northwest Arm, nearly 4 km away (where it remains to this day). Meanwhile, burning metal fragments of the ship showered down on Halifax, along with a black rain of carbon particles.
People were also blown through the sky. Charles Mayers, third officer of the vessel Middleham Castle, was picked up and dropped nearly 1 km from his ship, landing atop Fort Needham Hill. "I was wet when I came down," Mayers said. "I had no clothes on when I came to, except my boots. There was a little girl near me and I asked her where we were. She was crying and said she did not know where we were. Some men gave me a pair of trousers and a rubber coat."

Death and Destruction
Across Halifax there were miraculous stories of survival. And equally, stories of tragedy. Many children were killed on their walk to school that morning, or blinded by flying glass. Those that survived the blast stumbled home, only to find their houses shattered, or their parents dead or wounded among the wreckage.
Nearly 2,000 people either died instantly, or succumbed to their injuries in the days that followed. Morgue records from 1918 show 1,611 known dead or missing — about a third of them under the age of 15. By 2004, the number of dead had been revised at 1,952. Nine thousand more were wounded, including 300 blinded or partially blinded by flying glass.
More than 1,500 buildings were destroyed and 12,000 damaged. Six thousand people were made homeless among more than 25,000 overall that lacked proper shelter after the explosion — a problem made worse by the winter blizzard that struck Halifax the next day. Total property damage amounted to an estimated $35 million.

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia
john sefton
 
Posts: 1762
Joined: Sun Mar 22, 2009 1:59 pm

Re: Halifax Explosion

Postby aukepalmhof » Mon Nov 06, 2017 7:20 pm

The black hulled vessel in the foreground is the IMO and the other vessel is the MOUNT BLANC see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9767#!lightbox[gallery]/0/
aukepalmhof
 
Posts: 5358
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am


Return to Ship Stamps Collection

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Google Adsense [Bot], Google [Bot], Yahoo [Bot] and 110 guests