SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year. Full membership includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

ZANDVLIET LOCK

This stamp issue by Belgium in 1968 shows us the Zandvliet lock, with some ships the front one is a bulker given as the MINERAL GENT viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12128&p=13068#p13068 assisted by harbour tugs, the second one also a bulker is given as the MINERAL SERAING viewtopic.php?f=2&t=5867&p=13067&hilit=mineral+seraing#p13067 with her superstructure and bridge in the middle of the ship she is also assisted by a harbour tug, while on the river outside the lock there is a coaster. The coaster and harbour tugs are not identified..

Of the Zandvliet lock is given by Wikipedia:
Zandvliet Lock is a lock in the far north of the port of Antwerp . The lock is named after the village Zandvliet . She is 500 meters long and 57 meters wide and has a Second General Leveling (TAW) depth of 13.58 meters. The locks in the port of Antwerp protecting the closed infrastructure against tidal action of the river. Behind the locks, the water level is constant.
The Zandvlietsluis was in 1967 commissioned. The construction of this lock hit a wedge between the Groot Buitenschoor and Galgeschoor , two rare saltmarsh areas , of which there are now only 320 hectares of remaining in Belgium. Associated buildings were not completed in 1967. The opening of the new sea lock was from an economic point of view urgent, because at the Kruisschans, where the Boudewijn lock and Van Cauwelaert lock are situated could not cope more with the growing shipping traffic. Even with the Zandvlietsluis there was the problem of the ever increasing waiting time for ships to pass the locks, was not resolved.
Two bridges span the lock: the Frederik Hendrik Bridge over the lock gates on the River Scheldt side and Zandvliet Bridge over the lock gates on the harbor side.
The Zandvlietsluis was the largest sea lock in the world until 1989 till the Berendrecht lock , which is 11 meters wide, was opened.

Belgium 1968 6f sg2090
https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zandvlietsluis

RONQUIERES SHIPLIFT

Belgium issued in 1968 a set of stamps of which the 10f shows inland canal barges and the shiplift in Ronouiéres. The inland canal barges are not identified.

The Ronquières Inclined Plane is a Belgian canal inclined plane on the Brussels-Charleroi Canal in the province of Hainaut in Wallonia that opened in April 1968[after a six-year construction period. It is located in the municipality of Braine-le-Comte, and takes its name from the nearby village of Ronquières.
The purpose of the construction was to reduce the delays imposed by the 14 locks (already reduced from 16 in the 19th century) which had hitherto been needed for the canal to follow the local topography.
Description
The Ronquières Inclined Plane has a length of 1,432 metres (4,698 ft) and lifts boats through 67.73 metres (222.2 ft) vertically. It consists of two large caissons mounted on rails. Each caisson measures 91 metres (299 ft) long by 12 metres (39 ft) wide and has a water depth between 3 and 3.70 metres (9.8 and 12.1 ft). It can carry one boat of 1,350 tonnes or many smaller boats within the same limits.
Each caisson has a 5,200-tonne counterweight running in the trough below the rails, which permits the caisson to be moved independently of the other. Each caisson is pulled by 8 cables wound by winches located at the top end of the inclined plane. Each cable is 1,480 metres (4,860 ft) long.
Each caisson can be moved between the two canal levels at a speed of 1.2 metres per second (3.9 ft/s), taking about 22 minutes.
It takes 50 minutes in total to pass through the 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) of the entire structure, including the raised canal bridge at the top end.

Belgium 1968 10f sg2091, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronqui%C3 ... ined_plane

WORLD ROWING CHAMPIONSHIP 2016

Monaco issued in 2016 1 stamp for the World Rowing Coastal Championship which will take place in October in Monaco. The stamp shows us quad rowing boat with four rowers and 1 coxswain. The boat have a length of maximum 10.70m, with a weight of 150 kg.

A coxed four is a rowing boat used in the sport of competitive rowing. It is designed for four persons who propel the boat with sweep oars and is steered by a coxswain.
The crew consists of four rowers, each having one oar, and a cox. There are two rowers on the stroke side (rower's right hand side) and two on the bow side (rower's left-hand side). The cox steers the boat using a rudder and may be seated at the stern of the boat where there is a view of the crew or in the bow (known as a bowloader). With a bowloader, amplification is needed to communicate with the crew which is sitting behind, but the cox has a better view of the course and the weight distribution may help the boat go faster. When there is no cox, the boat is referred to as a "coxless four".
Racing boats (often called "shells") are long, narrow, and broadly semi-circular in cross-section in order to reduce drag to a minimum. Originally made from wood, shells are now almost always made from a composite material (usually carbon-fibre reinforced plastic) for strength and weight advantages. Fours have a fin towards the rear, to help prevent roll and yaw and to help the rudder. The riggers are staggered alternately along the boat so that the forces apply asymmetrically to each side of the boat. If the boat is sculled by rowers each with two oars the combination is referred to as a quad scull. In a quad scull the riggers apply forces symmetrically. A sweep oared boat has to be stiffer to handle the unmatched forces, and so requires more bracing, which means it has to be heavier than an equivalent sculling boat. However most rowing clubs cannot afford to have a dedicated large hull with four seats which might be rarely used and instead generally opt for versatility in their fleet by using stronger shells which can be rigged for either as fours or quads.
"Coxed four" is one of the classes recognized by the International Rowing Federation. It was one of the original events in the Olympics but was dropped in 1992

Mónaco 2016 2.00 Euro sg?, scott?
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweep_(rowing)

REAL SAN CARLOS 1787

Built as wooden hulled ship-of-the-line at Royal Navy Yard at Havana for the Spanish Royal Navy.
04 November 1787 launched as the REAL CARLOS one of the seven Santa Anna Class warships.
Tonnage 2,112 ton, dim. 56.14 x 15.5 x 7.37m. (draught)
Full rigged.
Armament: 30 – 36 pdr., 32 – 24 pdr, 32 = 12pdr. And 18 – 8pdr, guns.
Crew 801-890.

REAL CARLOS was a 112-gun three-decker ship of the line built at Havanna for the Spanish Navy in 1787 to plans by Romero Landa. One of the eight very large ships of the line of the Santa Ana class, also known as los Meregildos, REAL CARLOS served in the Spanish Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars and was destroyed with heavy loss of life during the Second Battle of Algeciras.
Construction
The Santa Ana class was built for the Spanish fleet in the 1780s and 1790s as heavy ships of the line, the equivalent of Royal Navy first rate ships. The other ships of the class were the SANTA ANA, MEXICANO, SALVADOR DEL MUNDO, CONDE DE REGLA, SAN HERMENEGILDO, REINA MARIA LUISA and PRINCIPE DE ASTURIAS. Three of the class were captured or destroyed during the French Revolutionary Wars.
History
In 1793 the REAL CARLOS was under the command of Baltasar Sesma y Zaylorda as the flagship of Admiral Francisco de Borja. Borja led an expedition to Sardinia, capturing the islands of San Pietro Island for Spain and Sant'Antioco for France.
On 8 April 1799, REAL CARLOS was flagship of the Ferrol squadron under Francisco Melgarejo, alongside ARGONAUTA, MONARCA, SAN AGUSTIN, CASTILLA and three smaller ships. This squadron sailed in an effort to unite with the French Atlantic Fleet operating in the Croisière de Bruix, but missed the rendezvous and spent much of the rest of the year at anchor in Rochefort, returning on 11 September. The following year REAL CARLOS participated in repelling the British Ferrol Expedition.
By July 1801, REAL CARLOS was at Cádiz. When a French squadron defeated a British force at the First Battle of Algeciras on 6 July, REAL CARLOS joined the squadron sent to escort the French from Algeciras back to Cádiz. During the night of 12 July the combined force was returning through the Straits of Gibraltar when a British squadron attacked them at the Second Battle of Algeciras. During the confused night action which followed, HMS SUPERB cut through the rearguard and between REAL CARLOS and SAN HERMENEGILDO. The Spanish ships opened fire, striking one another, as a fire spread across REAL CARLOS's decks. In the darkness the two huge Spanish ships collided, fire spreading out of control until both exploded in a fireball that could be seen from shore. More than 1,700 men were killed in the blast, one of the greatest losses of life at sea to that time.

Paraguay 1987 5g sg?, scott2231d.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_s ... rlos_(1787)

REVENGE USS 1777

The USS REVENGE a cutter was bought in spring or early summer 1777 by William Hodge an agent of the Continental Navy in Dunkirk, France, where built is not known.
Tonnage and dimensions not known.
Armament: 14 – 6 pdr, 22 swivel guns.
Crew 106.

The second USS REVENGE was a cutter in the Continental Navy and later a privateer.
Career
William Hodge, an agent of the American commissioners to France, Benjamin Franklin, and Silas Deane purchased REVENGE at Dunkirk, France, for Continental service in the spring or summer of 1777.
The British Ambassador to Paris complained that the ship had been fitted in a French (and supposedly neutral) port; but Hodge circumvented the diplomatic objection by a feigned sale of the cutter to an English subject, Richard Allen. REVENGE departed Dunkirk, on 17 July 1777, ostensibly for Bergen, Norway; but, as soon as she was at sea, Captain Gustavus Conyngham, the "Dunkirk Pirate" who had recently preyed upon British shipping in SURPRISE, took command; hoisted Continental colors; and headed for the North Sea. Four days later REVENGE captured a large schooner, the HAPPY RETURN; and, on the 23rd, made a prize of the brig MARIA. Since British warships were nearby and threatening during both captures, Conyngham burned the prizes. Brig PATTY was brought to on the 25th and ransomed. These Continental successes, so close to the shores of England, sent London insurance rates skyrocketing and inhibited British trade.
On the 26th, REVENGE stopped NORTHAMPTON; but that brig was recaptured before she could reach port for condemnation proceedings.
For two months REVENGE remained at sea cruising off north-western Europe and the British Isles before she put in at Kinehead on the northwestern coast of Ireland to repair her bowsprit and to replenish her casks of fresh water.
Conyngham, who had been sending his prizes to ports in Spain, now himself headed for the Bay of Biscay, putting in at Ferrol. In the coming months, REVENGE made several cruises from Spanish ports and captured many prizes. On one of the cruises, Conyngham transited the Straits of Gibraltar and operated in the Mediterranean Sea; and, on another, he sailed to the Azores and the Canary Islands.
But, word of the cutter's great success reached British ears and the Admiralty ordered English warships to find and destroy her. Moreover, as REVENGE's fame spread, British diplomatic pressure was brought to bear on the Spanish court to bar her from Spanish ports. Conyngham quietly refitted the ship in a small Spanish port and sailed for the West Indies on 1 September 1778. Before reaching Martinique, REVENGE had captured 60 British vessels, destroying 33 and sending 27 to port as prizes.
A cruise in the Caribbean added several other ships, including two British privateers, to her score before REVENGE arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 21 February 1779, laden with arms and munitions for the Continental Army in South Carolina. The cutter was sold at public auction by an act of Congress of 12 March 1779.
Soon after the sale to a firm of Philadelphia merchants for service as a privateer, REVENGE operated briefly under charter protecting shipping on the Delaware River.
Fate
REVENGE sailed from the Delaware Capes in April, in a quest for prizes. Conyngham was again the REVENGE's commander and, now, her part-owner. However, her luck had changed. HMS GALATEA captured REVENGE on 27 April 1779 as REVENGE chased two privateers off the New York coast.
Her fate is not known.

Grenada Grenadines 1976 $# sgMS183, scot181.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_REVENGE_(1777)

KIRISHIMA IJN (Japan)

Builder: Mitsubishi Shipyard of Mitsubishi Goshi Kaisha (currently Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) Laid down:17 March 1912, Launched: 1 December 1913, Commissioned:19 April 1915.
Kongō-class battlecruiser, Displacement:36,600 long tons (37,187 t) Length:222 m (728’ 4”) Beam:31 m (101’ 8”) Draught:9.7 m (31’10”) 8 Kampon oil-fired boilers, steam turbines:136.000 hp. 4 shafts
30 kn. Range:10,000 nm/14 kn. Complement:1360
Armament:
8 × 356 mm (14”) guns (4×2) 16 × 152 mm (6.0”) guns (8×2) 8 × 127 mm (5”) DP (8×1)
20 x 25 mm (0.98”) Type 96 AA guns, 2 or 3 floatplane aircraft.
Armor:
deck: 2.3–1.5 in (58–38 mm) (later strengthened +101mm on ammo storage, +76mm on engine room)
turrets: 9 in (230 mm)
barbettes: 10 in (250 mm)
belt: 8–11 in (200–280 mm)

On 18 November 1934, Kirishima was drydocked in Sasebo Naval Arsenal in preparation for her second reconstruction, which would enable her to function alongside Japan's growing fleet of fast carriers. Her stern was lengthened by 26 feet (7.9 m), while her superstructure was rebuilt to allow for new fire-control mechanisms. Her boilers were removed and replaced with eight new oil-fired Kampon Boilers, and she received newer geared turbines. The elevation of her main and secondary battery was increased, and she was equipped with two Nakajima E8N "Dave" and Kawanishi E7K "Alf" reconnaissance floatplanes. To this end, aircraft catapults and launch-rails were also refitted. Her older 3-inch guns were removed and replaced with eight 5-inch dual-purpose guns. She was also outfitted with twenty Type 96 25 mm antiaircraft guns in twin turrets, while two of her 6 inch guns and her remaining torpedo tubes were removed.

Kirishima's armor was also extensively upgraded. Her main belt was strengthened to a uniform thickness of 8 inches (as opposed to varying thicknesses of 6–8 inches before the upgrades), while diagonal bulkheads of a depth ranging from 5 to 8 inches (127 to 203 mm) reinforced the main armored belt. The turret armor was strengthened to 10 inches (254 mm), while 4 inches (102 mm) were added to portions of the deck armor. The armor around her ammunition magazines was also strengthened over the course of the refit. The reconstruction was declared complete on 8 June 1936. Capable of speeds of up to 30.5 kn. Kirishima was reclassified as a fast battleship.

In August 1936, Kirishima departed Sasebo alongside Fuso to patrol the Chinese coast off Amoy. From March 1937 to April 1939, she was frequently deployed as a support vessel and troop transport during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In November 1938, Kirishima was designated the command vessel of the Third Battleship Division, and was under the command of Rear Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. In November 1939, she was placed in reserve and fitted with additional armor on the front faces of her turrets and barbettes.

On 11 November 1941, after a series of transfers between Japanese naval bases, Kirishima was outfitted in preparation for coming hostilities and assigned—alongside her sister ships—to the Third Battleship Division. On 26 November, Kirishima departed Hitokappu Bay, Kurile Islands in the company of Hiei and six Japanese fast carriers of the First Air Fleet Striking Force (Akagi, Kaga, Sōryū, Hiryū, Shōkaku, and Zuikaku). On 7 December 1941, aircraft from these six carriers attacked the United States Pacific Fleet at their home base of Pearl Harbor, sinking four U.S. Navy battleships and numerous other vessels. Following the attack and the declaration of war by the United States, Kirishima returned to Japan.

1942: Combat and loss.
Takao (center) and the Kirishima steaming for Guadalcanal, 14 November 1942
On 8 January 1942, Kirishima departed Japan for Truk Naval Base in the Caroline Islands alongside the Carrier Strike Force. She provided escort during the invasion of New Britain on 17 January before returning to Truk. She sortied again in response to American carrier raids in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. In March 1942, while supporting fleet operations off of Java in the Dutch East Indies, one of Kirishima's floatplanes bombed an enemy merchant vessel. South of Java, the Japanese fleet was surprised by the appearance of the destroyer USS Edsall. Hiei and Chikuma initially opened fire on the ship but failed to score any hits. After dive-bombers from three of Admiral Nagumo's carriers immobilized the destroyer, Kirishima and the other two ships resumed firing on Edsall until she sank.

In April 1942, Kirishima and the Third Battleship division joined five fleet carriers and two cruisers in an attack against British naval bases in the Indian Ocean. On 5 April—Easter Sunday—the Japanese fleet attacked the harbor at Colombo in Ceylon, while seaplanes from the Tone spotted two fleeing British cruisers, both of which were later sunk by aerial attack. A floatplane from Kirishima also strafed a withdrawing oil tanker. On 8 April, Japanese carrier aircraft attacked the Royal Navy base at Trincomalee in Ceylon, only to find that all of Admiral James Somerville's remaining warships had withdrawn the previous night. Returning from the attack, a floatplane from Kirishima's sister ship Haruna spotted the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and escorting destroyer HMAS Vampire, which was quickly sunk by a massive aerial attack. Upon returning to Japan, Kirishima was drydocked and her secondary armament configuration modified with the addition of 25 mm antiaircraft guns in twin mounts.

In June 1942, Kirishima sailed as part of the Carrier Strike Force during the Battle of Midway, providing escort for Admiral Nagumo's four fast carriers alongside Haruna. Following the disastrous battle, during which all four Japanese carriers were lost, she took on survivors from the four flattops before returning to Japan. In August 1942, she departed Japan for the Solomon Islands in the company of Hiei, three carriers, three cruisers and eleven destroyers, in response to the American invasion of Guadalcanal. She escorted Japanese carriers during the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, during which the light carrier Ryūjō was sunk. Following the battle, the fleet returned to Truk Naval Base. During the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, Kirishima was part of Rear Admiral Hiroaki Abe's Vanguard Force, which provided distant cover to Nagumo's carrier groups. She was attacked by American dive-bombers on 26 October, yet remained undamaged.

On 10 November 1942, Kirishima departed Truk alongside Hiei and eleven destroyers in preparation to shell American positions on Guadalcanal in advance of a major transport convoy of Japanese troops. U.S. Navy reconnaissance aircraft spotted the Japanese fleet several days in advance, and deployed a force of two heavy cruisers, three light cruisers and eight destroyers under the command of Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan in Ironbottom Sound to meet them. At 01:24 on 13 November, the Japanese force was detected 28,000 yards (26 km) out by the light cruiser USS Helena. In the ensuing First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, the American task force concentrated the majority of their firepower on the battleship Hiei. This enabled Kirishima to score multiple hits on the heavy cruiser USS San Francisco and Helena, while Hiei crippled the light cruiser USS Atlanta, killing Rear Admiral Norman Scott. Both Hiei and Kirishima then raked San Francisco with shellfire, killing Rear Admiral Callaghan. However, Hiei was in turn crippled by San Francisco and several American destroyers. With Hiei effectively out of the battle, Kirishima and the surviving destroyers withdrew to the north. On the morning of 13 November, she was ordered to tow Hiei to safety. However, the heavily damaged battleship came under air attack, and was eventually abandoned and scuttled.

Washington fires on Kirishima during the Second Naval...
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MUREX tanker 1892

The full index of our ship stamp archive

MUREX tanker 1892

Postby shipstamps » Tue Feb 17, 2009 4:33 pm


Click image to view full size
Built as a tanker under yard No. 442 by W.Gray & Co., Ltd. of West Hartlepool for Marcus .Samuel & Co., London.
28 May 1892 launched under the name MUREX, named after the Latin name of a shell.
Tonnage 3.564 gross, 2.329 net. dim. 338.0 x 43.0 x 26.4ft.
One triple expansion steam engine aft, ?hp
Five oil tanks. To make her as safe as possible during a collision the tanks were placed in the amidships section of the hull. Under the oil tanks there was a double bottom and on the forward of the tanks and between the tanks and boiler- engine room a cofferdam was placed.
July 1892 completed.


She was designed by Fortescue Flannery, and would be used for the transport of oil from the Black Sea mostly to Far Eastern ports.
26 July 1892 the MUREX was completed and set sail under command of Capt. John R. Coudon in ballast for Batum in the Black Sea.
After loading there a cargo of kerosene she headed for the Far East.
24 August 1892 she passed the Suez Canal, she was the first tanker, which sailed through the canal, and arrived 16 September 1892 at Singapore with 4.720 tons of kerosene, the first tanker who arrived at this port.

1898 The company was renamed in Shell Transport & Trading Co. Ltd. (M. Samuel & Co.) London, and the MUREX were transferred to the new company together with the other 13 vessels of the company.
01 January1907 the company amalgamated with the Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., and became the Royal Dutch Shell Group.
1907 The MUREX was transferred to the Anglo-Saxon Petroleum Co. Ltd. at London.

21 December 1916 torpedoed by the German submarine U-73, 94 miles NW off Port Said, and sunk, with the loss of one men.

Singapore 1980 $2 sg 374.

Some websites. Register of Merchant ships completed in 1892.
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