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Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 467 by Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp. at Pascagoula, Mississippi for the Moore-McCormack Lines Inc., New York.
06 July 1956 laid down.
16December 1957 launched as the BRASIL, christened by Mrs. Emmet J. McCormack, spouse of the Chairman of the Board. One sister the ARGENTINA.
Tonnage 14,984 grt, 6,026 nrt, 5,696 dwt, dim. 188.2 x 26.9 x 8.00m. (draught), length bpp. 173.7m
Powered by two sts General Electric steam turbines, 35,000 hp, twin shafts, speed 23 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 557 passengers.
05 September 1958 delivered to owners. Building cost US$24,444,181.

12 September 1958 she sailed from New York for her maiden voyage to South America east-coast.
1963 Fitted out for cruising by Bethlehem Steel Comp. at Fort McHenry, accommodation increased for 720 passengers. Her first cruise was in June 1963.
31 July 1969 the BRASIL was laid up at Baltimore, she was uneconomical.
August 1972 sold to NV Volendam (Holland America Lijn), Willemstad, Netherlands Antilles and renamed in VOLENDAM named after a small town in the Dutch province North Holland.
She sailed to Bremerhaven for a refurbishment at the Lloyds Werft.
16 April 1973 she sailed from Rotterdam to New York.
1974 Underwent structural modifications in Hampton Roads, Virginia and was laid up there.
1975 First chartered to Monarch Cruise Line and renamed MONARCH SUN, in the cruise service between Miami, Florida to the Bahamas Islands, then sold in 1976 to Monarch Cruise Line Inc., Panama.
1978 Monarch Cruise Line Inc. was bought by the Holland America Line, the MONARCH SUN was renamed again in VOLENDAM as owner given then NV Volendam, Panama.
1982 The VOLENDAM was registered in Willemstad, Netherlands Antilles. Owner given as Holland America Cruises Inc., Willemstad.
1984 Sold to Banstead Shipping Ltd., Panama and renamed as ISLAND SUN. Used as a hotel ship in Quebec, Canada.
1985 Renamed by the company in LIBERTE. Sailing for the American Hawaii Cruises in Honolulu after refurbished in Sasebo, Japan for a cost of US$25 million.
December 1985 commenced cruises from Papeete, French Polynesia in the waters around the group, the cruises were not economical and the vessel was put on the sale list.
1987 Sold to Orley Shipping Co. Inc. (Bermuda Star Line), Panama and renamed CANADA STAR.
1988 Renamed by owners in QUEEN OF BERMUDA.
11 June 1988 the first cruise from Philadelphia.
1989 Sold to Brasil Caribbean Shipping Co. Inc. Panama after the Bermuda Star Lines consolidated with Commodore Cruise Lines not renamed.
November 1990 refurbished in Avondale. Louisiana and renamed ENCHANTED SEAS.
15 July 1995 she was bought by the Azure Investments. Inc. Panama, not renamed.
After she underwent modification she was chartered by Shipboard Education and renamed UNIVERSE EXPLORER.
27 July 1996 on a cruise from Juneau to Glacier Bay, Alaska with on board 732 passengers and 274 crew she got on fire in the main laundry room in which 5 crewmembers died from smoke inhalation and another 55 crewmembers and 1 passenger sustained injuries. Damage was estimated US$ 1.5 million.
02 August 1996 the ship arrived at Vancouver Dry-dock for repair.
14 August 1996 again in service.
2002 Sold to World Explorer Cruises, Panama, not renamed.
2004 Laid up and registered in Hong Kong, bought by Rikan Shipping Inc., Monrovia. Liberia and renamed UNIVERSE.
19 November 2004 she sailed from Hong Kong for the scrapyard in Alang, India under North Korean flag and registry, homeport Wonsan.
05 December 2004 beached at Alang for demolition.

Ajman 1967 5dh sg139 and 10r sg148, scott? Liberia 1974 3c sg1188, scott664

Source: ... meline.htm and various other web-sites.


Only one stamp on this MS shows a watercraft, she is the MAS 13 a torpedo armed motorboat, as given on this web-site: ... rld-war-i/
The Italian post gives by this stamps:

It show characters and scenes from the First World War. Specifically, from left to right in a clockwise direction: Francesco Baracca, Italian aviation ace, next to his plane a mountain artillery position of the Alpini Corps of the Italian Army a trench with a machine gun position of the Italian Army during the battle of Gorizia a MAS torpedo armed motorboat of the Italian Navy. The words “PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE” First World War appear on all the stamps, which are completed, respectively, by the words “IN CIELO” in the sky, “IN MONTAGNA” in the mountains, “IN TRINCEA” in the trenches and “IN MARE” at sea, “ITALIA” and the denomination“ € 0,80”.
The stamps, arranged into two rows, are contained in a perforated box on the right side of the sheetlet. Outside of the box, on the left, is the façade of the national monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, better known as the Vittoriano or Altare della Patria, located in Rome, on the Capitoline Hill, with, on the left, the logo of the Centennial of the First World War, adopted by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. On the top edge of the sheetlet are the words “PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE” First World War on the right, written vertically, are the dates “19141918”.
Luca Vangelli
Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato S.p.A., rotogravure.

Of the MAS 13 I found: A wooden hulled craft, built after plans of the watertaxi’s in Venice. Displacement 20 tons, fitted out with a gasoline engine, range about 200 miles. Crew 8-10. Armament two torpedoes, a MG or light canon. Fate unknown.

In March 1915, the Italian navy placed an order with the Societa Veneziana Automobili Navali (SVAN) for two 15-meter boats powered by gasoline engines and capable of 30 knots. Armament consisted of two 18-inch torpedoes launched over the stern. They were named Motorbarca Armata SVAN and numbered MAS.1 and MAS.2. The two boats were not great successes, however, and in November 1915, they were rearmed with guns and confined to submarine chasing.
Twenty more boats were ordered from SVAN, MAS.3 through MAS.22. Built with additional weight to compensate for the fragile hull, their speed dropped to 21 knots, and the method of firing torpedoes over the stern was found to be clumsy. Nevertheless, the Italian navy pushed ahead with plans to use them as an offensive weapon in the Adriatic Sea. Each MAS boat had a crew of eight, and MAS.5 and MAS.7 were the first of the group to be fitted with 14-inch torpedoes and dropping gear.
The MAS boats scored the first major success for torpedo boats on the night of December 9, 1917. The two old Austro-Hungarian battleships WIEN and BUDAPEST had been bombarding Italian shore positions when MAS.9 and MAS.13, under the command of Commander Luigi Rizzo, crept into the Trieste roadstead where the two capital ships were anchored. This time everything went perfectly. Both MAS boats got within 200 meters of the Austrian ships without being detected, after using hydraulic shears to cut through three protective hawsers (cables). Maneuvering into position, MAS.9 fired two torpedoes. Both hit WIEN amidships, and in a few minutes the old battleship rolled over and sank. Although MAS.13‘s torpedoes missed their target, both Italian boats were able to escape unseen.
By then, the MAS crews had perfected their operations. Two or three boats would be towed by larger boats and destroyers to the starting point, thereby saving fuel and avoiding premature engine breakdowns. The destroyers could also provide covering fire and smoke to aid in the getaway.

Italy 2015 0.80 Euro sg?, scott? and MS ... rld-war-i/


NUESTRA SENORA DE LA CONCEPCION (Spanish: "Our Lady of the (Immaculate) Conception") was a 120-ton Spanish galleon that sailed the Peru - Panama trading route during the 16th century. This ship has earned a place in maritime history not only by virtue of being Sir Francis Drake's most famous prize, but also because of her colourful nickname, Cagafuego ("fireshitter").
Capture by Sir Francis Drake
At the helm of his ship the GOLDEN HIND, Sir Francis Drake had slipped into the Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Magellan in 1578 without the knowledge of the Spanish authorities in South America. Privateers and pirates were common during the 16th century throughout the Spanish Main but were unheard of in the Pacific. Accordingly, the South American settlements were not prepared for the attack of "el Draque" (Spanish pronunciation of Sir Francis' last name), as Drake was to be known to his Spanish victims. During this trip, Drake pillaged El Callao (Peru's main port) and was able to gather information regarding the treasure ship CAGAFUEGO, which was sailing toward Panama laden with silver and jewels.
GOLDEN HIND caught up with CAGAFUEGO on March 1, 1579, in the vicinity of Esmeraldas, Ecuador. Since it was the middle of the day and Drake did not want to arouse suspicions by reducing sails, he trailed some wine caskets behind the GOLDEN HIND to slow her progress and allow enough time for night to fall. In the early evening, after disguising the GOLDEN HIND as a merchantman, Drake finally came alongside his target and, when the Spanish captain San Juan de Antón refused to surrender, opened fire.
The GOLDEN HIND’s first broadside took off the CAGAFUEGO’s mizzenmast. When the English sailors opened fire with muskets and crossbows, the GOLDEN HIND came alongside with a boarding party. Since they were not expecting English ships to be in the Pacific, CAGAFUEGO’s crew was taken completely by surprise and surrendered quickly and without much resistance. Once in control of the galleon, Drake brought both ships to a secluded stretch of coastline and over the course of the next six days unloaded the treasure.
Drake was naturally pleased at his good luck in capturing the galleon, and he showed it by dining with CAGAFUEGO’s officers and gentleman passengers. He offloaded his captives a short time later, and gave each one gifts appropriate to their rank, as well as a letter of safe conduct. Laden with the treasure from CAGAFUEGO, GOLDEN HIND continued its voyage westward, completing the second circumnavigation of the earth by returning to Plymouth, England, on September 26, 1580.
Cacafuego v. Cagafuego

Despite her very proper name, the galleon NUESTRA SENORA DE LA CONCEPCION, was called by her sailors CAGAFUEGO, which would translate into English as "fireshitter". Contemporary accounts presented the ship's name inaccurately as CACAFUEGO, which is the one that eventually endured. As it is almost all references in English regarding this vessel list her name erroneously.
In Spanish caca is a noun meaning "shit", while caga is the third person (or the second person formal) of the verb cagar, which means "to shit". Therefore, the proper nickname for this galleon was "Cagafuego", which could be translated as "shitfire" or more accurately as "fireshitter".

British Virgin Islands 1997 40c sg982, scott876g. ... pci%C3%B3n

l'HERMIONE replica

Built as a wooden replica of the original ship, built by Asselin at Le Chantier de Arsenal at Rochefort France for Association Hermione-La Fayette, France.
1995 Ordered
06 July 2012 launched as the HERMIONE a replica of the 1779 built Concordia class frigate HERMIONE.
Displacement 1,166 tons, dim. 65 x 11.24 x 5.78m. (draught)
Sail auxiliary three masted full rigged, oak hulled wooden warship, sail area 2,200 m².
May 2013 she made her first sailing trial on the Charente River.
Armament: total of 32- (non-functional replica) guns, 26 -12 pdr, and 6 – 6 pdr. guns
Crew 80.
2015 Completed.
The HERMIONE is a Concorde class frigate, completed in Rochefort by the Asselin organisation in 2014. She is a reproduction of the 1779 HERMIONE, which achieved fame by ferrying General Lafayette to the United States in 1780 to allow him to re-join the American side in the American Revolutionary War.
This project was conceived by members of the Centre International de la Mer in 1992, and construction began in 1997, envisaging a launch in April 2015 (as compared to the original, which took less than a year to build).
The shipyard was in one of the two dry docks beside the Corderie Royale at Rochefort.
As far as possible, traditional construction methods were used although modern power tools were substituted for the period tools on some jobs. The site is open to the public, and admission fees help fund the project.
English plans of a sister ship, CONCORDE, were used. The cost was estimated to be $22 million. The original plans had been modified in several ways for reasons of strength and safety: planks had been bolted rather than pegged to avoid movement during the long period of construction. Similarly, the mast sections were fastened with glue rather than metal hoops to avoid water penetration. The cannons are lightweight and non-functional to save weight, and for safety reasons. Hemp rigging was used, and the sails made of linen.
An engine will be used for safety, and electric generators for lighting and basic amenities.
2015 voyage
In preparation for a transatlantic voyage in 2015, the frigate departed from Rochefort and started her sea-worthiness trials on 7 September 2014.
In April 2015, HERMIONE started her return voyage to the United States. HERMIONE’s itinerary is meant to reaffirm the relationship between the United States and France.

St Pierre et Miquelon 2015 1.38 Euro sgMS?, scott? ... ione_(2014)


A nice set of Portugal with local craft used for fishing, I am wondering by this craft where the crew is, the crafts are under full sail and have a nice bow-wave so she are underway without a crew.
Located on the south-western edge of Europe, Portugal was classified as a border country by geographer Orlando Ribeiro. Boats travelling from the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, which had been visiting the country since ancient times, strongly influenced Shipbuilding, leading Portuguese shipwrights to adopt two distinct techniques: Nordic clinker planking (overlapping planks and an end structure) and Mediterranean smooth planking (a front structure and juxtaposed planks).
The Douro River represents the cultural frontier that separated the two aforementioned styles, with Nordic-style boats prevailing in north-western rivers. To the south, and along the coast, Mediterranean-style boats dominated.
In addition to this cultural duality, barges and other boats boasting markedly Mediterranean features were commonly found in the Algarve, particularly in the coastal areas closest to neighbouring Andalusia, of which the most representative examples are the Calão and the Xávega. The latter has not been included in this stamp issue, as it is already featured in the “Portucale 77- Barcos da Costa Portuguesa” (Portucale 77 – Portuguese Coastal Boats) issue, launched in 1977. Both these boats bear traces from ancient Phoenician and Greek vessels, mostly evident in their bow decorations. Both boats feature a raised piece on the bow, horn- shaped in the Calão and in the shape of an elongated, stylised swan neck in the Xávega. Both boats feature barge-like hulls, without transoms. The Calão was propelled by oars or sails, whereas the Xávega was only propelled by oars. Although both were trawlers, the Calão also assisted larger ships engaged in deep sea fishing, namely tuna fishing, and transported fish to the shore.
The Canoa do Alto or Caçadeira, the Canoa da Picada and the Caíque were seagoing boats. The optimal performance afforded by their hulls inspired the building of recreational boats, widely used in regattas from the 19th century onwards, particularly by the Portuguese Royal House.
The Canoa da Picada carried salted sardines to the port of Lisbon; its leisure version, rigged differently, was known as coquette.
The Caíque, a fishing boat also used in port-to-port shipping, sailed on Moroccan waters and the Western Mediterranean. The “Bom Sucesso” (Good Fortune), a boat from Olhão, crossed the South Atlantic to take the news of the expulsion of Napoleon’s armies from Portugal to the Royal Family, exiled in Brazil.
The Galleon was introduced to the Algarve from Andalusia, to sail the high seas. This boat was soon replaced with a steam version and since then reconverted, to be used in the transport of salt. Its excellent performance on the high seas led a few sailing enthusiasts, namely from the Netherlands, to buy these boats and turn them into sports and pleasure craft.
The five boats depicted in this stamp issue portray Mediterranean traditions, not only regarding shipbuilding techniques but also in what concerns their origins.
Portugal Post web-site.

“galeão”: One of a team of boats working out of the Tagus Estuary, employing the large ring net. The rest of the team includes the motorized mother ship also called galeão, several buques and 1 – 2 small boats to serve the mother ship. The sailing galeão transport the net and aids in setting and hauling it.
Carvel-planked; sharp ends; curved stem with shredded wool on the stemhead to reduce chaffing of the sail; curved sternpost; keel.
Decked, 5 hatches. Outboard rudder with tiller. Mainly rowed; 7 rowing benches along each side; 2 men on each of the 6 oars forward of the mast, and 2 on the 8 oars abaft the mast. Oars held to tholepins by strops.
Quadrilateral lateen type sail with a short luff used when going to and from the fishing grounds. Forward raking mast secured by single shrouds.
Crew of 40 man and 4 boys.
Length 15.7m, beam 4m, depth 1.0m, 13.65 rt.

Portugal 2015 MS 1.80 Euro sg?, scott? (in margin of sheet on right side of stamp.)
Source: Aak to Zumbra, a dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.


“canoa do alto”: Engaged in offshore fishing in the area from the Tagus River to the south coast.
Straight stem, curved forefoot; shredded wool on stemhead reduces sail chafing; wide raked wine-glass transom. Drag to the straight keel; bilge keels; high sides, strong sheer; 2 wales. Some full decked; more often only a foredeck; enclosed bench aft. Outboard rudder with tiller. Set a lateen sail or quadrilateral lateen-type sail with a short luff. Forward raking mast stepped on keelson. Some also employed a sprit-rigged, aft raking mizzenmast sheeted to an outrigger (as seen on stamp)
Rowed in calms and when shooting the net. Crew 11-13 plus 1-2 boys.
Reported lengths 6.58 – 8.5m; e.g. length 7.7m, beam 3m, depth 1.0m.

Portugal 2015 0.45 Euro sg?, scott? MS 1.80 Euro sg?, scott? (in margin of sheet.)
Source: Aak to Zumbra, a dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.

Ilala II

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Ilala II

Postby shipstamps » Tue Jan 06, 2009 7:14 pm

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The motorship Ilala II built for service on Lake Nyasa, is featured a Nyasaland stamp of the Is. 3d. denomination and shown off Monkey Bay on the lake-1,400 miles from the coast and almost 1,600 ft. above sea level..The ship had of course to be built and dismantled before being shipped in pieces and erected on the edge of the lake.
In 1949 the Nyasaland Railways gave the contract for this specialised construction to Yarrow and Co. Ltd., Scotstoun, Glasgow who have been builders of shallow-draft craft for re-erection almost since the firm's foundation in 1866 on the Thames. In point of fact the Ilala II is herself an interesting link with the earlier history of the company for the first Ilala was built at Poplar in 1875 at a cost of £6,000. She was built to fulfil an oft-expressed wish of David Livingstone in connection with the suppression of slavery on Lake Nyasa. The old Ilala was named after the area in which Chitambo's village is situated where Livingstone died in 1873 and where his heart is interred.
In all, the Ilala II cost £120,000 and was brought in pieces by rail from Beira to Chipoka on the lake shore. Of the 780 cases in which the parts were transported the heaviest weighed 18 tons and the lightest 78 lbs. The construction of the vessel was carried out under the supervision of Sir J. H. Biles and Company and Livesey and Henderson, consulting engineers to Nyasaland Railways.
Every care has been taken to ensure that she will be able to stand up to the severe gales encountered on Lake Nyasa. The hull of the ship is sub-divided into eight watertight compartments by seven transverse bulkheads—almost double the number required for an orthodox vessel of her size. The design provides for an adequate reserve of stability and was drawn up after extensive tests had been carried out at the National Physical Laboratory. The hull embodies all the recommendations of this institution. The Ilala II is 172 ft. long (overall) and can carry a total of 365 passengers. She has a gross tonnage of 620, a moulded breadth of 301/2 ft., and a loaded draft of 7 ft. 4 in. Deadweight cargo capacity is
100 tons and a crew of 38 carried. There is accommodation on the promenade deck for the master, two officers and 12 first-class passengers in 10 well-appointed cabins. Also on the promenade deck are a large dining saloon, well-equipped toilets, bathrooms and a galley for first class passengers.
Six second-class passengers are carried and have two large cabins on the main deck forward with an adjacent dining saloon. The after end of the main deck comprises the third-class section with provisions for 350 passengers and a saloon in the hold amidships. Propelling machinery comprises two sets of Crossley 5-cylinder oil engines, rated at 425 b.h.p. for 400 r.p.m., giving a service speed of 12 knots. Early in 1951 the vessel was named and launched on the lake in the presence of the Bishop of Nyasaland and a large crowd of Africans, Europeans and Indians by Lady Colby, wife of the Governor of Nyasaland, Sir Geoffrey Colby.
Monkey Bay is near Cape Maclear where the first Scottish Mission in Central Africa was founded in 1875 by Doctor Laws who brought out the first Ilala to the lake in that year. It is interesting to recall that this pioneer craft was shipped out in pieces to Cape Town in the holds of the Walmer Castle, thence up the East coast to the mouth of the Zambesi in the schooner Hara where she was assembled to sail up the Zambesi and Shire rivers to Murchison Cataracts.
Here she was dismantled and carried overland by 800 Africans to the Upper Shire River at Matope where she was re-assembled so that she could sail into Lake Nyasa-380 miles long—seven months after leaving the United Kingdom. The Ilala was in service on the lake for 28 years in which she carried out excellent work in suppressing the slave trade then carried on by Arab dhows. Eventually the Ilala was dismantled and taken from the lake, ending her career towing barges at Chinde where she was broken up.
SG26. Sea Breezes 1/60
Malawi SG487, 549, 731, 931.
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