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Built as a steam trawler under yard no 645 by Cochrane & Sons, Selby for Pioneer Steam Fishing Co. Ltd., Grimsby.
14 August 1915 launched as the NIGHT HAWK.
Tonnage 307 gross, 150 net, dim. 40.23 x 7.31 x 3.90m.
Powered by one 3-cyl. triple expansion steam engine manufactured by C. D. Holmes & Co. Ltd. Hull, 89 nhp, speed ?
January 1916 completed.

14.8.1915: Launched by Cochrane & Sons Ltd, Selby (Yd.No.645) for The Pioneer Steam Fishing Co Ltd, Grimsby as NIGHT HAWK.
1.1.1916: Registered at Grimsby (GY822).
3.1.1916: Completed (Alick (Alec) Black, manager).
2.1916: Sold to The Grimsby Steam Fishing Co Ltd, Grimsby (George E. J. Moody, manager).
3.1916: Requisitioned for war service as a minesweeper (1-6pdr HA) (Ad.No.1936). Employed on escort duties. Based Devonport.
By 12.3.1919: Returned to owner at Grimsby.
1926: Sir George E. J. Moody appointed manager.
7.2.1934: On an Icelandic trip off Isafjord sustained damage after striking an ice flow.
1.1939: Sold to Earl Steam Fishing Co Ltd, Grimsby (Sir Alec Black, manager).
1.6.1940: Requisitioned for war service as an auxiliary patrol vessel (P.No.FY.1858) (Hire rate £86.19.8d/month).
10.1940: Fitted out as a minesweeper. Based Plymouth with M/S Group 76.
8.1941: Sold to North Star Steam Fishing Co Ltd, Aberdeen.
22.9.1941: Grimsby registry closed.
25.9.1941: Registered at Aberdeen (A517).
1944: Employed on auxiliary patrol duties.
1944: Sold to Parkholme Trawlers Ltd, Fleetwood (Harvey Wilfred Wilson, Grimsby, manager). Aberdeen registry closed. Registered at Grimsby (GY15).
1945: Sold to Milford Fisheries Ltd, Milford Haven (Owen W. Limbrick, manager).
8.1946: Returned to owner.
24.8.1948: Landed at Fleetwood (Skipper Arthur Harvey) after nine day trip on herring, 1,350 boxes grossed £2,250.
6.1954: Laid up at Milford due to NCB further increase in price of bunker coal.
29.6.1956: Alongside in Milford. Two men scalded by steam when boiler door joint blew.
2.1959: Sold to Jacques Bakker en Zonen, Bruges for breaking up.
25.2.1959: Last landing at Milford.
28.2.1959: Sailed Milford for Zeebruges.
2.3.1959: Delivered Bruges, and broken up by J. Bakker & Zonen at Zelzate, Belgium, at that time she carried still the name NIGHT HAWK.

Liberia 2015 $30 sg?, scott? ... hawk-gy15/ ... t_hawk.htm


Padi is used for transportation of red clay for pottery in the Barisal area. Heavy block ends, both tall and truncat¬ed on top. Very low freeboard amidships. Covered area over most of the hull. Quarter rudder. Mast stepped in forward third. Crew of 2. Length ca. 13m.

Bangladesh2013;100,0; Ms.SG? Source: A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra.

Panshi Bangladesh/India

Water-taxi, fishing boat, ferryboat, and produce carrier of the Ganges River and Delta. Carvel planking fastened with staples; sides teak, bottom ironwood; rounded hull without keel. Long, overhanging spoon bow and stern formed from heavy, squared stem and sternpost; bow low, stern higher and broader. Generally undecked except at the ends. Those carrying jute and rice have a large, built-up house; cargo area lined with tin sheets; sides and roof of bamboo. Passenger panshis have a cabin with sides of wood or tin; a large type may be called a kuthir-pansi. Steered with either an oar or tall, balanced rudder; steering platform built above the cabin. Rowed by 6 oarsmen seated forward,poled,or sailed, setting 1-2 square sails. Average 5-6 in crew: Reported lengths 6-20m; West Bengal fishing panshi length 8.2m, beam 2.28m, depth 0.9m; shallow draft. The Pabna panshi is a long, narrow boat used in local: boat races.

Bangladesh2013;100,0; Ms.SG? Source: A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra.


Built as a cargo vessel under yard no 605 by Sir James Laing & Sons at Deptford, Sunderland for their own account.
18 August 1904 launched as the WONGA FELL.
Tonnage 3,998 gross, 2,583 net, dim. 109.0 x 14.78 x 5.60m.
Powered by one 3-cyl triple expansion steam engine manufactured by G Clark Ld. Sunderland, 361 nhp., speed 10 knots.
October 1904 completed.

After completing chartered by W.S. Fell Co. Ltd., Sydney, NSW, Australia.
28 November1904 she sailed on her maiden voyage from London to Freemantle, Australia, where she arrived in January 1905.
1906 Was she bought by W.S. Fell & Co. Ltd, Sydney not renamed.
1909 Sold to W. Crosby & Co, Melbourne who renamed her in 1910 in WONGANELLA.
During World War I from 18 November 1915 was she requisitioned by the British Admiralty as a decoy or Q- ship
Her armament is not given.
During that time her patrols or voyages were in the Mediterranean she made one round voyage from the UK to Halifax before she was decommissiond.
11 March 1917 on a passage from Malta to Gibraltar at 36 38N 0 13E came under attack of an enemy submarine with torpedoes and gunfire. The following extract from E. Kebble Chatterton’s Q-Ships and Their Story records the action:
On March 11, 1917, the WONGANELLA (Lieut.-Commander B.J.D. Guy, RN) was on her way from Malta to England via Gibraltar, she was shelled by a submarine, and while the ‘panic’ party were getting out the boats, a shell wounded the officer and several of the crew in the starboard lifeboat. Another shell went through the bulwarks of the ship, wounding some men and bursting the steam-pipe of the winch, thus rendering unworkable the derrick used for hoisting out the third boat, and the port lifeboat was also damaged
Shells burst in the well deck and holed the big boat, so in this case, as all his boats were ‘done in’, the captain had to give up the idea of ‘abandoning’ ship. There was nothing for it but to open fire, though it was not easy for orders to be heard in that indescribable din when shells were bursting, steam pouring out form the burst winch-pipe, wounded men in great pain, and WONGANELLA’s own boiler-steam blowing off with an annoying roar
As soon as fire was opened, the submarine dived and then fired a torpedo, which was avoided by WONGANELLA going astern with her engines, the torpedo just missing the ship’s fore-foot by 10 feet. No more was seen of the enemy, and at dusk the armed steam yacht IOLANDA was met, from whom a doctor was obtained, thus saving the lives of several of the wounded
In this engagement, whilst the White Ensign was being hoisted, the signal halyards were shot away, so the ensign had to be carried up the rigging and secured thereto. WONGANELLA was holed on the water-line and hit elsewhere, but she put into Gibraltar on March 13.
After Gibraltar she sailed to Portsmouth where she arrived on 02 April. She made then a round voyage to Halifax, Canada on her return voyage she rescued 30 survivors from the British cargo vessel ELELE which was torpedoed by the U-24 on 18 June 1917 on a voyage from Boston, USA to Liverpool loaded with wheat & munitions.
23 June 1917 arrived at Plymouth. August 1917 decommissioned as a naval crewed vessel and again merchant manned. 1922 registered in Capetown. 1930 Sold to Afrikanska Angfartygs A/B, Gothenburg, Sweden and renamed MAGDA. 31 March 1933 on a voyage from Callao, Peru to Buenos Aires loaded with timber and general cargo she stranded on the Stragglers at the entrance of Smyth Channel, Magallanes. She was wrecked and lost, the crew were rescued by the Chilean cargo vessel DON RICARDO.

Liberia 2015 $30 sg?, scott?
Source: Lloyds Register 1930.


Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 279 by Workman Clark & Co. Ltd., Belfast for the Orient Steam Navigation Company Ltd. London.
06 July 1909 launched as the ORVIETO, named after a small town in Northern Italy.
Tonnage 12,130 gross, 7,421 net, 7,400 dwt, dim. 163.1 x 19.50 x 11.76m., draught 8.34m.
Powered by two 4-cyl. quadruple expansion steam engines manufactured by the shipbuilder, 14,000 ihp, twin shafts, speed 18 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 235 first, 186 second and 696 third class passengers.
Cargo capacity: 2,690 cubic meters refrigerated.
04 November 1909 completed. Building cost £335,713.

She was built for liner service between London to Brisbane, Australia.
26 November 1909 sailed from London for her maiden voyage to Brisbane.
1913 Was she the first ship of the Orient Line which used the New Farm Warf in Brisbane.
1914 Chartered by the Commonwealth of Australia until 29 December 1914
After two months in Sydney dock being fitted out as a troop transport, she sailed for Egypt on 15 November 1914 with 91 officers and 1,347 men of the AIF (Australian Imperial Force), as part of a convoy of 36 ships escorted by Royal Navy and Japanese cruisers, including HMAS MELBOURNE and HMAS SYDNEY. On board the ORVIETO were Major General W T Bridges and his staff of the 1st Division. This included his chief of staff, Lieutenant Colonel (later General) C B B White, Major (later Major General) J. Gellibrand, Lieutenant (later Lord) R G Casey and official correspondent C E W Bean. The ship also carried the 5th Infantry Battalion and 2nd Field Company. ORVIETO was the first ship of the convoy to leave Sydney and the first to set sail from Western Australia for Europe and led the transports all the way to Egypt
21 October 1914 embarked 5th Infantry Battalion (Victoria) 2nd Infantry Brigade & 2nd Field Company Engineers (Victoria) First Division at Melbourne.
1st November 1914 assembled with the first convoy at King George's Sound, Albany Western Australia in transporting the First Detachment of the Australian and New Zealand Imperial Expeditionary Forces to Egypt.
While calling at Colombo on November 15th, the ORVIETO took on board a number of prisoners from the German cruiser EMDEN which had been disabled and grounded by HMAS SYDNEY after 70 days marauding in the Indian Ocean. The prisoners included the ship's captain (von Müller) and torpedo officer (Prince Franz Josef von Hohenzollern). The Australian troops and German POWs were disembarked on arrival at Suez and the ORVIETO proceeded to London, arriving in January 1915.
January 1915 chartered by the British Admiralty for use as a minelayer, fitted out at Blackwall and armed with 4 – 4.7 inch guns and 1 – 3pdr AA gun. Could carry 300 mines.
06 January 1915 commissioned as HMS ORVIETO.
During 6 voyages she laid 3,000 mines from June 1915 till May 1916 in the waters of the East coast of Great Britain.
25 May 1916 Decommissioned at London, 27 May 1916 recommissioned as an AMC armament increased to 8 – 6 inch and 2 – 6pdr guns.
After she left London she was a unit of the Tenth Cruiser Squadron on the Northern Patrol, she intercepted over 30 foreign merchant ships and sent them in British port to be searched the first six months when in service as a AMC.
23 March 1918 sailed from Liverpool after a refit to commence Atlantic convoy escort duty.
19 October 1919 paid off and returned to owners.
11 December 1918 the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company acquires a controlling interest in Orient Steam Navigation Company Ltd.
01 November 1919 after a refit again in the liner service from the UK to Brisbane managed by Anderson Green & Co. Ltd.
August 1930 made her last voyage to Australia and after return laid up at Southampton.
03 April 1931 arrived at Bo’ness and was broken up by P & W MacLellan

Liberia 2015 $30 sg?, scott?
Source: P&O fact sheet. Armed Merchant Cruisers 1878-1945 by Osborne, Spong & Grover.


Built as a monitor under yard No 433 by Vickers at Barrow for the Brazilian Government, taken over by the British Government in 1914.
24 August 1912 laid down.
17 June 1913 launched as the JAVARY.
Displacement 1,280 ton, dim. 81.31 x 15 x 1.7m.
Powered by two triple expansion steam engines, 1.450 ihp, twin shafts, speed 12 knots.
Armament2 – 6 inch guns, 2 – 4.7 inch howitzers, 4 – 3pdr guns and 1 – 3 inch AA gun.
08 August 1914 bought by the British Government and renamed HMS HUMBER.
September 1914 completed.

HMS HUMBER was a Humber-class monitor of the Royal Navy. Originally built by Vickers for Brazil as JAVARY (Revolt).
Brazilian monitor JAVARY (1913), the British-built lead ship of the Javary class of monitors; refused by the Brazilian Navy because of financial setbacks in the Brazilian economy; she was purchased by the Royal Navy in 1914 on the outbreak of the First World War along with her sister ships SEVERN and MERSEY.
Service history
HUMBER took part in operations along the Belgian coast October to November 1914. In March 1915, she was towed to Malta, and arrived off Gallipoli in June. She remained in Egyptian waters until August 1917, when the vessel became a guardship at Akaba, before being sent to Mudros in October 1918 and on to Ismid, Turkey, arriving there on 12 November.
HUMBER returned to England in March 1919, and was refitted prior to being towed to Murmansk in May 1919, for service with the British forces in the Russian Civil War. She left Archangel in September 1919 and was towed back to England for paying off.
HUMBER was sold on 17 September 1920 to F. Rijsdijk in the Netherlands and converted to a crane lighter. She was still afloat in 1938 and was probably broken up post 1945.
(A Dutch web-site gives that she was sold in 1938 to France she still carried the name HUMBER when sold.) gives that she was under French flag, her fate not given.

Liberia 2015 $30 sg?, scott?


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Postby shipstamps » Mon Dec 22, 2008 4:11 pm

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Built under yard No 207 as a corvette, steel hulled clad with two layers of teak wood by John Elder & Co. Govan, Scotland for the Royal Navy.
17 August 1876 keel laid down.
01 July 1878 launched under the name HMS CHAMPION one of the Comus class of which nine were built. She was the third vessel under this name in the Royal Navy.
Displacement: 2.380 tons, dim. 225.0 (bpp) x 44.6 x 19.3ft.
Powered by a 3-cyl. horizontal compound steam engine 2310 ihp., speed 13 knots, single shaft.
Bunker capacity 470 tons coal, range by 10 knots 3.840 miles.
Armament: 2 x 7 inc MLR, 12 x 64 pdr. guns.
Ship rigged, and fitted out with a hoisting screw.
Underwater hull was copper sheathed.
Crew 265.
07 December 1880 completed, based at Sheerness.

The intention was to use the class as scout vessel for the fleet but due to the slow speed, the class was mainly used for protection across the globe.
The class was designed by Nathaniel Barnaby.
Around 1885 rearmed with 4 – 6 inch BL MK III, 8 – 5 inch BL MK III, 4 – 3pdr. BL QF and two light guns., 6 – MG. and two TCs.
April 1886 she visited Amoy, China.
1890 Based in the Pacific.
August 1891 under command of Capt. Frederick St Clair, co-operated with some French, American and German warships by landing men at Valparaiso, Chile to protect the western consulates during a Chilean revolution.
1893 She visited Pitcairn Island under command of Capt. Rookes. He prepared a criminal code and reorganized the Governments system on the island.
26 June 1897 present at the Naval Review at Spithead in celebration of the Diamond Jubilee.
1904 Placed in harbour duty, and became a stokers training ship in Chatham,
1915 Renamed CHAMPION (old) when a new CHAMPION was built.
23 June 1919 sold to Hughes Bolckow, Blyth for scrapping.

Pitcairn Island 1988 $5 sg 326 and 1999 $3 sg 552.

Source: Conways All the World’s Fighting Ships 1860 – 1905. The Sail & Steam Navy List by Lyon & Winfield.
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