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Antão Gonçalves and Dinis Dias

Antão Gonçalves(on stamp to the left) was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer and slave trader who was the first European to buy Africans as slaves from black slave traders. In 1441, Gonçalves was sent by Henry the Navigator to explore the West African coast in an expedition under the command of Nuno Tristão . As Gonçalves was considerably younger than Tristão, his duty was less exploration than it was hunting the Mediterranean monk seals that inhabit West Africa. After he had filled his small vessel with seal skins, Gonçalves, on his own initiative, decided to buy some Africans to return to Portugal. With nine of his crewmen, Gonçalves bought an Azenegue Berber and a black tribesman who had worked as a slave for the Berbers. By this time, Tristão had arrived at the same place, and the two crews joined together for another purchasing trip, on which they bought 10 slaves, one of them an Azenegue chief. After this, Tristão continued exploration southwards while Gonçalves returned to Portugal. He embarked on another expedition in 1442, taking the Azenegue chief he had bought the year before. Gonçalves hoped to barter the chief for a number of the Azenegues' black slaves. He received 10 slaves, some gold dust and, curiously, a large number of ostrich eggs. However, this expedition contributed nothing to the cause of exploration; Gonçalves had not even sailed past the Río de Oro . He was granted a new Coat of Arms for his name. Not to be mistaken with another Antão Gonçalves, who coasted the Island of Madagascar at the beginnings of the 16th century.
DINIS DIAS 1445(Сape Verde):
Dinis Dias (on stamp to the right) was a Portuguese explorer of the 15th century. In 1445, Diaz, belonging to the well-known seaside family started to drive vehicles in his old age, and decided to do research because "he does not want to live in peace prosperity soft" and "wants to see and hear more than others" .He went out of Portugal and sailed along the West African coast, sailed past the mouth r.Senegal, set a new record, reaching a point about 800 km south of Cap Blanc. It is the westernmost part of the African continent, cape issued far out to sea and was overgrown with trees, he called Cap-Vert (Diaz called it Cape Verde, "Verde" by Portuguese "green", a reference to the lush vegetation in the area). Note that Diaz did not find the Cape Verde Islands, and in fact the Cape. He landed on both hills crowning the cape, set wooden crosses. The success of this expedition was possible because Diaz focused on exploration, rather than slaves, who were many Portuguese sailors in Africa, while in the spotlight. One expedition returns to Portugal with dozens of slaves, Diaz also only took four prisoners. Later that year, Dias sailed with the explorer Lançarote de Freitas in a large scale slaving expedition to Arguim . Medal - Portuguese navigator Dinis Dias- Vasco Berardo -1973-74.

Cabo Verde 1952;3,0e;SG352.

João Fernandes and Afonso Baldaia

JOAO FERNANDES (explorer)1445:
João Fernandes(on stamp to the right) was a Portuguese explorer of the 15th century. He was perhaps the earliest of modern explorers in the upland of West Africa , and a pioneer of the European slave - and gold -trade of Guinea .
We first hear of him (before 1445) as a captive of the Barbary Moors in the western Mediterranean ; while among these he acquired a knowledge of Arabic , and probably conceived the design of exploration in the interior of the continent whose coasts the Portuguese were now unveiling.
In 1445 he volunteered to stay in Western Africa and gather what information he could for Prince Henry the Navigator ; with this object he accompanied Antão Gonçalves to the "River of Gold" (Rio d'Ouro, Río de Oro ), in Western Sahara , where he landed and went inland with some native shepherds. As a volunteer he met Prince Chappell and his father Evan Chappell.
He stayed seven months in the country and was then taken off again by Gonçalves at a point farther South the coast, near the "Cape of Ransom" (Cape Mirik or Timiris, current Mauritania ); and his account of his experiences proved of great interest and value, not only as to the natural features, climate, fauna and flora of the south-western Sahara , but also as to the racial affinities, language, script, religion, nomad habits, and trade of its inhabitants. These people maintained a certain trade in slaves, gold, etc., with the Barbary coast (especially with Tunis ), and classed as "Arabs," "Berbers," and "Tawny Moors" did not then write or speak Arabic.
In 1446 and 1447 Fernandes accompanied other expeditions to the Rio d'Ouro and other parts of West Africa in the service of Prince Henry. He was personally known to Gomes Eannes de Azurara , the historian of this early period of Portuguese expansion; and from Azurara's language it is clear that Fernandes' revelation of unknown lands and races was fully appreciated at home.
AFONSO GONSALVES BALDAIA(Navigator) 1435: Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia(on stamp to the left) was the 15th century Portuguese sailors and explorers, who was born in Porto. In 1435 he was captain of one of the two ships that crossed the Tropic of Cancer, it was written that it was done for the first time the Europeans, after the Phoenicians in 813 BC. In 1435g together with Gil Eanis hem was sent with caravel, butler Prince Afonso Baldaya.50lig after Cape Bohador they reached the bay, called Angra de los Ruyvos.Here they saw traces of people and camels.At once could find their place of residence. In 1436g Baldаiа crossed the Tropic of Cancer and moved to the south, suggesting find the river, through which Arab merchants carried the Golden articles.When he reached to narrow bay he called his mistake "Rio de Oro" – “River of Gold”.Now here Sisnoros village Villa. Balde was carrying with him horses, on which made its first foray into the village natives to capture slaves. (More to see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14304&sid=e6…).
Cabo Verde 1952;5,0e;SG353. Source:ão_Fernandes. W.Kramer: Neue Horizonte.Leipzig. 1997.

Nuno Tristão 1441(Cape Blanko;River Senegal)

Nuno Tristão was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer and slave trader, active in the early 1440s, traditionally thought to be the first European to reach the region of Guinea (legendarily, as far as Guinea-Bissau , but more recent historians believe he did not go beyond the Gambia River ).
Nuno Tristão was a knight of the household of Henry the Navigator . In 1441, Tristão was dispatched by Henry in one of the first prototypes of the lateen -rigged caravel to explore the West African coast beyond Cape Barbas , the furthest point reached by Henry's last captain five years earlier ( Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia , in 1436). Around Rio de Oro , Tristão met up with the ship of Antão Gonçalves , who had been sent on a separate mission by Henry that same year to hunt monk seals that basked on those shores. But Gonçalves happened to capture a solitary young camel-driver, the first native encountered by the Portuguese since the expeditions began in the 1420s. Nuno Tristão, who carried on board one of Henry's Moorish servants to act as an interpreter , interrogated Gonçalves's captive camel-driver. Tristão and Gonçalves were led by his information to a small Sanhaja Berber fishing camp nearby. The Portuguese attacked the fishermen, taking some ten captives, the first African slaves taken by the Portuguese back to Europe. Gonçalves returned to Portugal immediately after the slave raid, but Nuno Tristão continued south, reaching as far as Cape Blanc ( Cabo Branco ), before turning back.
In 1443, Nuno Tristão was sent out by Henry again, and pressed beyond Cape Blanc to reach the Bay of Arguin . On Arguin island , Tristão encountered a Sanhaja Berber village, the first permanent settlement seen by Henry's captains on the West African coast. Tristão immediately attacked it, taking some fourteen villagers captive and returned to Portugal with his captives. Tristão's report of easy and profitable slave-raiding grounds in the Arguin banks prompted numerous Portuguese merchants and adventurers to apply to Henry for a slave-trading license. Between 1444 and 1446 several dozen Portuguese ships set out for slave raids around Arguin Bay.
As fishing settlements around the Arguin banks were quickly devastated by the Portuguese slave raiders, in 1445 (or possibly 1444), Nuno Tristão was sent by Henry to press further south and look for new slave-raiding grounds. Tristão reached as far south as borderlands of Senegal , where the Sahara desert ends and forest begins, and the coastal population changed from 'tawny' Sanhaja Berbers to 'black' Wolofs . Tristão is believed to have reached as far as the Ponta da Berberia ( Langue de Barbarie ), just short of the entrance to the Senegal River . Bad weather prevented his entering the river or landing there, so he set sail back. On the way home, Tristão stopped by the Arguin banks and took another 21 Berbers captive.
Nuno Tristão arrived in Portugal declaring he had finally discovered sub-Saharan Africa , or in the nomenclature of the time, the "Land of the Blacks" ( Terra dos Guineus , or simply Guinea ). Portuguese slave raiders immediately descended on the Senegalese coast, but finding alert and better-armed natives on that coast, the slave raids were not nearly as easy nor as profitable as they had hoped.

In 1446 (or perhaps 1445 or 1447, date uncertain), Nuno Tristão set out on his fourth (and final) trip down the West African coast. Somewhere south of Cap Vert , Tristão came across the mouth of a large river. Tristão took 22 sailors with him on a launch upriver, to search for a settlement to raid. But the launch was ambushed by thirteen native canoes with some 80 armed men. Quickly surrounded, Nuno Tristão, along with most of his crew, was killed on the spot by poisioned arrows (two might have escaped). [ 2 ] Tristão's caravel, reduced to a crew composed of clerk Aires Tinoco and four grumetes (' ship boys '), immediately set sail back to Portugal.
Nuno Tristão was traditionally credited as the 'discoverer' of Portuguese Guinea (modern Guinea-Bissau), and even said to have been the first European to set foot on the landmass of what is now the modern city of Bissau . If true, then Nuno Tristão's last journey was an enormous leap beyond the previous Portuguese milestone ( Cabo dos Mastos , Cape Naze , Senegal).
However, modern historians, drawing from larger evidence (including the accounts of Diogo Gomes and Cadamosto ), have generally dismissed this claim and now generally agree that Nuno Tristão only reached as far as the Sine-Saloum delta, still in Senegal, just a few miles south of Cape of Masts (Cape Naze) or, at their most generous, the Gambia River . The death of Nuno Tristão, Henry's favorite captain, was the beginning of the end of this wave of Henry's expeditions. Another set of ships would be still go out the next year, but would also take significant casualties, and as a result, Portuguese expeditions were temporarily suspended. Henry the Navigator did not dispatch another expedition to the West African coast again until a decade later ( Cadamosto in 1455).
1987 Portuguese escudo coin depicting Nuno Tristão's journey to the Gambia River ( sic ) in 1446.
Portugal 1991;60,0;SG?


Built in Servola near Trieste, Austria, now Italy for Armelia Obilovich and Captain Seculovich at Trieste, Austria. Around 20 years ago I was in Trieste for provision and we moored on a quay which still was owned by the Austrian Government.
Launched in 1857 as the PIERINO.
Tonnage 392 tonnes, draught 15 ft. Single deck and beams, copper and iron fastenings, two cannons.
Crew 10.
She was launched in 1857, and the year after, she was listed as being copper-sheated.
Her tonnage in 1863 was listed as 389 tonnes.
In 1865, her owners were Nicolo Armelin of Ibraila (who owned eight parts) and Antonio Sarao of Trieste, who owned 16 parts. Her captain at that time was Diodato Dabinovich. In 1868, Armelin was listed as her sole owner and her Captain was Alessandro Dabinovich. Her captain in 1870 was Spridone Doglianizza.
In 1870 was it again Armelin and Sarao, and she was listed as last surveyed in November 1867, at Marseille. Her Captain then was Giovanni Danilovich. In 1880, her tonnage is listed as 224 with a later correction to 324 ton, and the following year tonnage at 296 and her Captain given as Vladimiro Ivellich.
In Annuario Maritime from 1882, under section Ships sold, disarmed, wrecked etc. in 1881, part (p.CXXX), she is listed as wrecked 4 August 1881 at Colorado cliff, Island of Havana.
The stamp is designed after a painting “Brig PIERINO 4 VIII 1881 in storm near Cuba, and a note on the back of the painting, says the owner Nikol Armelin from Budva Captain Vlado Ivelic from Risna, Austria-Hungarian flag on main gaff. Blue-white checkered flag + ‘1’ (or “”) code flag (?) on main mast: Many sails set but all torn. Spanker gaff lowered to let wind out.

Yugoslavia 1998 2.00D sg?, scott2422.
Lloyds Register. Annuario Marittimo 1865-86. 12 Centuries of Boka Marina.

NOA USS (DD-841)

Built as a destroyer under yard No 261 by Bath Iron Works, Bath for the USA Navy.
26 March 1945 keel laid down.
30 July 1945 launched as the USS NOA (DD-841), she was the second ship in the USA Navy under that name, christened by Mrs. James Cary Jones, Jr., wife of Rear Admiral James Cary Jones, Jr., named after Midshipman Loveman Noa (1878-1901)
Displacement 2,425 standard, 3,460 ton full load, dim. 119.02 x 12.45 x 4.37m. (draught)
Powered by General Electric geared turbines, 60,000 shp. Twin shafts, speed 35 knots.
Range by a speed of 20 knots, 4,500 mile.
Armament 6 – 5 inch guns, 12 – 40mm AA and 11 – 20mm AA guns, 10 – 21 inch torpedo tubes. 6 – depth charge projectors and 2 – depth charge tracks.
Crew 336.
02 November 1945 commissioned, under command of R.L. Nolan Jr.
After shakedown at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba NOA departed her homeport of Norfolk, Va. for her first Mediterranean deployment. She called at Gibraltar, Nice, Naples, Malta, Venice, Piraeus and Lisbon. After participating in fleet maneuvers in the South Atlantic in early 1947 NOA returned to the United States. For the next two years she exercised in type training, underwent overhaul and acted as school training ship for the Fleet Sonar School, Key West, Fla.
NOA served as rescue destroyer for Mindoro (CVE-120) during June and July 1949. From September 1949 through January 1951 she engaged in extended anti-submarine training and a permanent Hunter-Killer Group as a unit of Destroyer Squadron Eight. She also made a second Mediterranean deployment during this period. In early 1951 she participated in Convex II, a large scale convoy escort exercise, after which she called at Baltimore, Md. The next two years were devoted to upkeep and operational type training along the East coast.
In August 1953 NOA departed Norfolk on a 42,000 mile around-the-world cruise. She arrived Sasebo, Japan 3 October and spent four months operating in the Sea of Japan with Task Force 77. Here she participated in operational readiness exercises while maintaining truce patrol off the Korean coast.
In November 1953 NOA operated in Japanese waters as part of a Hunter-Killer Group. She patrolled the Korean coast together with USS Cone (DD-866) in late November and early December. From then until her return to the United States in April 1954, NOA engaged in underway training. Upon her return to Norfolk she was reassigned to hunter-killer duty in the Atlantic.
During overhaul in the summer of 1955 NOA was outfitted with experimental sonar equipment that she tested in the Key West area. She departed Norfolk Naval Shipyard in February 1956 for her third Mediterranean deployment. Upon return to homeport the following summer she trained in the eastern Atlantic. In the spring 1957 she steamed to the Caribbean for operation Springboard 1-57 and Desairdex 1-57.
After completion of a three month overhaul at Norfolk Naval Shipyard in August 1957 she steamed for five weeks of refresher training at Guantanamo and for shore bombardment exercises at Culebra Island, Puerto Rico. In winter of 1957-8, NOA served as test ship for experimental radio equipment and in spring 1958 she was again taking part in Springboard exercises in the Caribbean.
March 1957 saw NNOA as a participant in Lantphibex 1-58, an exercise designed to test the latest amphibious warfare concepts. During the summer 1958 NOA participated in Sixth Fleet operations during the Lebanon crisis. After a short tour in the Persian Gulf she returned to Norfolk and joined the Second Fleet for Lantphibex 2-58.
In February 1959 NOA again deployed to the Mediterranean. She participated in Sixth Fleet exercises through April 1 when she steamed for the Middle East via the Suez Canal. She called at Massawa, Ethiopia, Bombay, India; Bahrein, Saudi Arabia; Bandar Shapir, Iran; and Aden. Late June NOA re-joined the Sixth Fleet after having gone eighty-three days without replenishment. She returned to Norfolk 1 September, and transferred from Destroyer Squadron Six to Squadron Fourteen, with a new homeport at Mayport, Fla. Through spring 1960 she operated off the Atlantic Coast and in the Caribbean, She entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 25 May for a FRAM I, and received the latest in ASW weapons.
NOA completed her Fram I overhaul 2 May 1961 and rejoined the Atlantic Fleet. After a four week Ready-for-Sea period and ASROC qualification trials she reported to Fleet Training Command, Guantanamo for six weeks refresher training. NOA returned to Mayport 23 July for a two week tender period alongside Yellowstone (AD-27).
Type training followed and NOA steamed for the United Kingdom, for combined exercises in the Eastern Atlantic with the British Navy. She arrived Portsmouth, England 6 November, and also called at Belfast and Dublin before standing in to homeport 20 December. After leave and upkeep NOA resumed ASW training 29 January 1962 in the western Atlantic.
NOA returned to Mayport 6 February for modifications to her boat davits and briefings in preparation for the recovery of America's first astronaut and his space capsule. Preparations completed, she steamed 11 February for the Project Mercury Recovery area in the Southwestern Atlantic, she reported on station 14 February as part of the 24 ship recovery task force.
After two reschedulings of the space flight, NOA put in at San Juan for two days. She was underway 19 February for the recovery station, located 200 miles WNW of San Juan. At precisely 1440, five hours and 53 minutes after blast-off, Friendship Seven re-entered the atmosphere with a loud sonic boom that was clearly audible 20 February in NOA She first sighted and recovered Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr., USMC, Project Mercury Astronaut, after he had completed his historic three orbits of the earth and splashed down a mere three miles from the destroyer. Col. Glenn remained in NOA for three hours before a helicopter transferred him to RANDOLPH (CVS-15), prime recovery ship.
Upon completion of recovery operations, NOA returned to Mayport for ASW operations with Task Group Alfa until 31 May. NOA has since conducted type training and midshipmen cruises out of her homeport between Mediterranean operational deployments and upkeep. She steamed for the Mediterranean 3 August 1962 for a seven month tour with the Sixth Fleet and 8 February 1964 saw her stand out of Mayport for another six month Mediterranean deployment.
Her regularly scheduled overhaul took place at Charlestown from September 1964 through January 1965, followed by a Mediterranean deployment from mid-May through 1 September. Early October 1965 NOA steamed from Mayport for the Gemini VI recovery off the west coast of Africa. The flight was cancelled after the Agena-B rocket designed to launch a docking vehicle failed to achieve an orbital insertion.
NOA then participated in type training and Atlantic Fleet exercises' including High Time, an amphibious exercises in the Caribbean from late January through early March 1966. She also served as a unit of the Gemini 8 recovery forces 14 17 March 1966. Her April-October deployment to the Mediterranean was followed by leave, upkeep and Lantflex (28 November-15 December).
In January 1967 NOA received two QH-50 Drone Antisubmarine Helicopters (DASH). She then served as school ship for the Fleet Sonar School at Key West (28 January-11 February). Operation Springboard took her to the Caribbean 3-11 March and she steamed in Mediterranean waters June through November.
NOA stood out of Mayport 5 January 1968 to conduct a solemn mission burial at sea of George H. Flynt, YN1 (Ret.). Flynt's last wish was that his remains be consigned to the deep. In honoring his request, made by a man who served his country for 20 years, NOA's sailors gained insight into a unique ceremony for men of the sea.
NOA underwent regular availability and overhaul at Charleston...

Shinkai 2000 (Submersible) 1981

Shinkai 2000 is a manned research submersible that can dive to depths of 2,000 meters. Shinkai 2000 was constructed in 1981 as Japan's first full-fledged manned submersible for deep-sea research, and since then, it had been on the front line of marine surveys for years.

Lenght; 9.3m, beam; 3.0m, height; 2.9m, weight in air; approx. 24 tons, max. Operation depth; 2000m, accommodation; 3 (2 pilots and 1 researcher), Pressure hull diameter; Φ2.2 m, Normal dive duration; 7 hours, Payload; 100 kg (in air), Maximum speed; 3.0 knots, Instruments installed; 1 CCD color video camera, 1 super harp color video camera, 1 stereo still camera, 1 manipulator (6 joints), Current meter, CTD that measures conductivity, temperature and depth, and DO that measures dissolved oxygen, Navigation devices and others.

Shinkai 2000 dived in various oceans (mainly the sea around Japan) and contributed significantly to the progress of deep-sea research in Japan, including the discovery of chemosynthetic Calyptogena colonies off Hatsushima Island in the Sagami Bay, and the discovery of hydrothermal venting phenomena in the Okinawa Trough. The accumulated technologies and experiences in development and construction of Shinkai 2000 have been applied to development of Shinkai 6500, Kaiko, and other marine survey equipment.

See topic: “Shinkai 6500 (Submersible) 1989”.

After playing a huge role in the rapid progress of deep-sea research in Japan for more than two decades, Shinkai 2000 finished its last and 1,411th dive on November 11, 2002, and retired afterward.

Mikronesia 1998, S.G.?, Scott: 295e.

Source: ... i2000.html


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Postby shipstamps » Wed Dec 17, 2008 2:23 pm

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The steamer Harambee was built in 1953 at Lubeck by Lubecker Flender Werke for Rudolph A. Oetker of Hamburg, as the Belgrano; in 1967 she became the Santa Barbara and was renamed Harambee when acquired by her present owners, the Southern Line Ltd., of Mombasa, She is a cargo vessel of 6,169 gross tonnage, net 3,776, and deadweight 10,178. Dimensions are: length (o.a.) 482 ft., beam 59ft. 9 ins., draft 25 ft. 2 ins, She has a 6-cylinder M.A.N. oil engine developing 4,000 b.h.p., and giving a speed of 13 knots. Cargo space is 596 cub. grain, 533,181 cub. ft., bale. She has bunkers for 678 tons of oil.
SG257 Sea Breezes 4/69
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Posts: 19
Joined: Fri Mar 13, 2009 8:12 pm

Re: Harambee

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue Feb 01, 2011 8:30 pm

Built as a cargo vessel under yard No 435 by the Lübecker Flenderwerke A.G. at Lübeck, Germany for the Rohstoff Einfuhr Gesellschaft intended name REG IV, but already bought on the stocks by Rudolf A. Oetker (Hamburg Sud) at Hamburg.
27 August 1953 launched under the name BELGRANO (IV)
Tonnage 6,112 gross, 3,591 net, 10,240 dwt. Dim. 146.9 x 18.27 x 7.68m. (draught)
Powered by one 6-cyl 2S.C. SA engine, manufactured by Masch Augsburg-Nurnberg (M.A.N.) at Augsburg, 3,680 shp, speed 13 knots.
Accommodation for 8 passengers, crew 33.
21 October 1952 delivered.

After delivery mostly used in the service of the Hamburg Sud between Hamburg and South America ports in the Columbus Line, but she was also used for tramping.
September 1965 renamed in SANTA BARBARA.
08 December 1966 Sold to the Eastern Africa National Shipping Line Ltd. (Southern Line Ltd. managers), Mombasa, renamed HARAMBEE, and put under English flag.
August 1979 sold to Silverstar Corporation, Panama and renamed ARAMBEE.
Made only one voyage for this company from Gdynia to Fushiki, then she sailed to Kaohsiung, Taiwan, where she arrived on 03 February 1980.
20 February 1980 demolition commenced by Yih Shen Steel Enterprise Co. Ltd.

Inscription on the stamp SS is wrong she was a diesel vessel (MV)

Source: The Hamburg South America Line by James Cooper, Arnold Kludas and Joachim Pein.
Posts: 3960
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

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