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Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 467 by Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp. at Pascagoula, Mississippi for the Moore-McCormack Lines Inc., New York.
06 July 1956 laid down.
16December 1957 launched as the BRASIL, christened by Mrs. Emmet J. McCormack, spouse of the Chairman of the Board. One sister the ARGENTINA.
Tonnage 14,984 grt, 6,026 nrt, 5,696 dwt, dim. 188.2 x 26.9 x 8.00m. (draught), length bpp. 173.7m
Powered by two sts General Electric steam turbines, 35,000 hp, twin shafts, speed 23 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 557 passengers.
05 September 1958 delivered to owners. Building cost US$24,444,181.

12 September 1958 she sailed from New York for her maiden voyage to South America east-coast.
1963 Fitted out for cruising by Bethlehem Steel Comp. at Fort McHenry, accommodation increased for 720 passengers. Her first cruise was in June 1963.
31 July 1969 the BRASIL was laid up at Baltimore, she was uneconomical.
August 1972 sold to NV Volendam (Holland America Lijn), Willemstad, Netherlands Antilles and renamed in VOLENDAM named after a small town in the Dutch province North Holland.
She sailed to Bremerhaven for a refurbishment at the Lloyds Werft.
16 April 1973 she sailed from Rotterdam to New York.
1974 Underwent structural modifications in Hampton Roads, Virginia and was laid up there.
1975 First chartered to Monarch Cruise Line and renamed MONARCH SUN, in the cruise service between Miami, Florida to the Bahamas Islands, then sold in 1976 to Monarch Cruise Line Inc., Panama.
1978 Monarch Cruise Line Inc. was bought by the Holland America Line, the MONARCH SUN was renamed again in VOLENDAM as owner given then NV Volendam, Panama.
1982 The VOLENDAM was registered in Willemstad, Netherlands Antilles. Owner given as Holland America Cruises Inc., Willemstad.
1984 Sold to Banstead Shipping Ltd., Panama and renamed as ISLAND SUN. Used as a hotel ship in Quebec, Canada.
1985 Renamed by the company in LIBERTE. Sailing for the American Hawaii Cruises in Honolulu after refurbished in Sasebo, Japan for a cost of US$25 million.
December 1985 commenced cruises from Papeete, French Polynesia in the waters around the group, the cruises were not economical and the vessel was put on the sale list.
1987 Sold to Orley Shipping Co. Inc. (Bermuda Star Line), Panama and renamed CANADA STAR.
1988 Renamed by owners in QUEEN OF BERMUDA.
11 June 1988 the first cruise from Philadelphia.
1989 Sold to Brasil Caribbean Shipping Co. Inc. Panama after the Bermuda Star Lines consolidated with Commodore Cruise Lines not renamed.
November 1990 refurbished in Avondale. Louisiana and renamed ENCHANTED SEAS.
15 July 1995 she was bought by the Azure Investments. Inc. Panama, not renamed.
After she underwent modification she was chartered by Shipboard Education and renamed UNIVERSE EXPLORER.
27 July 1996 on a cruise from Juneau to Glacier Bay, Alaska with on board 732 passengers and 274 crew she got on fire in the main laundry room in which 5 crewmembers died from smoke inhalation and another 55 crewmembers and 1 passenger sustained injuries. Damage was estimated US$ 1.5 million.
02 August 1996 the ship arrived at Vancouver Dry-dock for repair.
14 August 1996 again in service.
2002 Sold to World Explorer Cruises, Panama, not renamed.
2004 Laid up and registered in Hong Kong, bought by Rikan Shipping Inc., Monrovia. Liberia and renamed UNIVERSE.
19 November 2004 she sailed from Hong Kong for the scrapyard in Alang, India under North Korean flag and registry, homeport Wonsan.
05 December 2004 beached at Alang for demolition.

Ajman 1967 5dh sg139 and 10r sg148, scott? Liberia 1974 3c sg1188, scott664

Source: ... meline.htm and various other web-sites.


Only one stamp on this MS shows a watercraft, she is the MAS 13 a torpedo armed motorboat, as given on this web-site: ... rld-war-i/
The Italian post gives by this stamps:

It show characters and scenes from the First World War. Specifically, from left to right in a clockwise direction: Francesco Baracca, Italian aviation ace, next to his plane a mountain artillery position of the Alpini Corps of the Italian Army a trench with a machine gun position of the Italian Army during the battle of Gorizia a MAS torpedo armed motorboat of the Italian Navy. The words “PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE” First World War appear on all the stamps, which are completed, respectively, by the words “IN CIELO” in the sky, “IN MONTAGNA” in the mountains, “IN TRINCEA” in the trenches and “IN MARE” at sea, “ITALIA” and the denomination“ € 0,80”.
The stamps, arranged into two rows, are contained in a perforated box on the right side of the sheetlet. Outside of the box, on the left, is the façade of the national monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, better known as the Vittoriano or Altare della Patria, located in Rome, on the Capitoline Hill, with, on the left, the logo of the Centennial of the First World War, adopted by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. On the top edge of the sheetlet are the words “PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE” First World War on the right, written vertically, are the dates “19141918”.
Luca Vangelli
Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato S.p.A., rotogravure.

Of the MAS 13 I found: A wooden hulled craft, built after plans of the watertaxi’s in Venice. Displacement 20 tons, fitted out with a gasoline engine, range about 200 miles. Crew 8-10. Armament two torpedoes, a MG or light canon. Fate unknown.

In March 1915, the Italian navy placed an order with the Societa Veneziana Automobili Navali (SVAN) for two 15-meter boats powered by gasoline engines and capable of 30 knots. Armament consisted of two 18-inch torpedoes launched over the stern. They were named Motorbarca Armata SVAN and numbered MAS.1 and MAS.2. The two boats were not great successes, however, and in November 1915, they were rearmed with guns and confined to submarine chasing.
Twenty more boats were ordered from SVAN, MAS.3 through MAS.22. Built with additional weight to compensate for the fragile hull, their speed dropped to 21 knots, and the method of firing torpedoes over the stern was found to be clumsy. Nevertheless, the Italian navy pushed ahead with plans to use them as an offensive weapon in the Adriatic Sea. Each MAS boat had a crew of eight, and MAS.5 and MAS.7 were the first of the group to be fitted with 14-inch torpedoes and dropping gear.
The MAS boats scored the first major success for torpedo boats on the night of December 9, 1917. The two old Austro-Hungarian battleships WIEN and BUDAPEST had been bombarding Italian shore positions when MAS.9 and MAS.13, under the command of Commander Luigi Rizzo, crept into the Trieste roadstead where the two capital ships were anchored. This time everything went perfectly. Both MAS boats got within 200 meters of the Austrian ships without being detected, after using hydraulic shears to cut through three protective hawsers (cables). Maneuvering into position, MAS.9 fired two torpedoes. Both hit WIEN amidships, and in a few minutes the old battleship rolled over and sank. Although MAS.13‘s torpedoes missed their target, both Italian boats were able to escape unseen.
By then, the MAS crews had perfected their operations. Two or three boats would be towed by larger boats and destroyers to the starting point, thereby saving fuel and avoiding premature engine breakdowns. The destroyers could also provide covering fire and smoke to aid in the getaway.

Italy 2015 0.80 Euro sg?, scott? and MS ... rld-war-i/


NUESTRA SENORA DE LA CONCEPCION (Spanish: "Our Lady of the (Immaculate) Conception") was a 120-ton Spanish galleon that sailed the Peru - Panama trading route during the 16th century. This ship has earned a place in maritime history not only by virtue of being Sir Francis Drake's most famous prize, but also because of her colourful nickname, Cagafuego ("fireshitter").
Capture by Sir Francis Drake
At the helm of his ship the GOLDEN HIND, Sir Francis Drake had slipped into the Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Magellan in 1578 without the knowledge of the Spanish authorities in South America. Privateers and pirates were common during the 16th century throughout the Spanish Main but were unheard of in the Pacific. Accordingly, the South American settlements were not prepared for the attack of "el Draque" (Spanish pronunciation of Sir Francis' last name), as Drake was to be known to his Spanish victims. During this trip, Drake pillaged El Callao (Peru's main port) and was able to gather information regarding the treasure ship CAGAFUEGO, which was sailing toward Panama laden with silver and jewels.
GOLDEN HIND caught up with CAGAFUEGO on March 1, 1579, in the vicinity of Esmeraldas, Ecuador. Since it was the middle of the day and Drake did not want to arouse suspicions by reducing sails, he trailed some wine caskets behind the GOLDEN HIND to slow her progress and allow enough time for night to fall. In the early evening, after disguising the GOLDEN HIND as a merchantman, Drake finally came alongside his target and, when the Spanish captain San Juan de Antón refused to surrender, opened fire.
The GOLDEN HIND’s first broadside took off the CAGAFUEGO’s mizzenmast. When the English sailors opened fire with muskets and crossbows, the GOLDEN HIND came alongside with a boarding party. Since they were not expecting English ships to be in the Pacific, CAGAFUEGO’s crew was taken completely by surprise and surrendered quickly and without much resistance. Once in control of the galleon, Drake brought both ships to a secluded stretch of coastline and over the course of the next six days unloaded the treasure.
Drake was naturally pleased at his good luck in capturing the galleon, and he showed it by dining with CAGAFUEGO’s officers and gentleman passengers. He offloaded his captives a short time later, and gave each one gifts appropriate to their rank, as well as a letter of safe conduct. Laden with the treasure from CAGAFUEGO, GOLDEN HIND continued its voyage westward, completing the second circumnavigation of the earth by returning to Plymouth, England, on September 26, 1580.
Cacafuego v. Cagafuego

Despite her very proper name, the galleon NUESTRA SENORA DE LA CONCEPCION, was called by her sailors CAGAFUEGO, which would translate into English as "fireshitter". Contemporary accounts presented the ship's name inaccurately as CACAFUEGO, which is the one that eventually endured. As it is almost all references in English regarding this vessel list her name erroneously.
In Spanish caca is a noun meaning "shit", while caga is the third person (or the second person formal) of the verb cagar, which means "to shit". Therefore, the proper nickname for this galleon was "Cagafuego", which could be translated as "shitfire" or more accurately as "fireshitter".

British Virgin Islands 1997 40c sg982, scott876g. ... pci%C3%B3n

l'HERMIONE replica

Built as a wooden replica of the original ship, built by Asselin at Le Chantier de Arsenal at Rochefort France for Association Hermione-La Fayette, France.
1995 Ordered
06 July 2012 launched as the HERMIONE a replica of the 1779 built Concordia class frigate HERMIONE.
Displacement 1,166 tons, dim. 65 x 11.24 x 5.78m. (draught)
Sail auxiliary three masted full rigged, oak hulled wooden warship, sail area 2,200 m².
May 2013 she made her first sailing trial on the Charente River.
Armament: total of 32- (non-functional replica) guns, 26 -12 pdr, and 6 – 6 pdr. guns
Crew 80.
2015 Completed.
The HERMIONE is a Concorde class frigate, completed in Rochefort by the Asselin organisation in 2014. She is a reproduction of the 1779 HERMIONE, which achieved fame by ferrying General Lafayette to the United States in 1780 to allow him to re-join the American side in the American Revolutionary War.
This project was conceived by members of the Centre International de la Mer in 1992, and construction began in 1997, envisaging a launch in April 2015 (as compared to the original, which took less than a year to build).
The shipyard was in one of the two dry docks beside the Corderie Royale at Rochefort.
As far as possible, traditional construction methods were used although modern power tools were substituted for the period tools on some jobs. The site is open to the public, and admission fees help fund the project.
English plans of a sister ship, CONCORDE, were used. The cost was estimated to be $22 million. The original plans had been modified in several ways for reasons of strength and safety: planks had been bolted rather than pegged to avoid movement during the long period of construction. Similarly, the mast sections were fastened with glue rather than metal hoops to avoid water penetration. The cannons are lightweight and non-functional to save weight, and for safety reasons. Hemp rigging was used, and the sails made of linen.
An engine will be used for safety, and electric generators for lighting and basic amenities.
2015 voyage
In preparation for a transatlantic voyage in 2015, the frigate departed from Rochefort and started her sea-worthiness trials on 7 September 2014.
In April 2015, HERMIONE started her return voyage to the United States. HERMIONE’s itinerary is meant to reaffirm the relationship between the United States and France.

St Pierre et Miquelon 2015 1.38 Euro sgMS?, scott? ... ione_(2014)


A nice set of Portugal with local craft used for fishing, I am wondering by this craft where the crew is, the crafts are under full sail and have a nice bow-wave so she are underway without a crew.
Located on the south-western edge of Europe, Portugal was classified as a border country by geographer Orlando Ribeiro. Boats travelling from the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, which had been visiting the country since ancient times, strongly influenced Shipbuilding, leading Portuguese shipwrights to adopt two distinct techniques: Nordic clinker planking (overlapping planks and an end structure) and Mediterranean smooth planking (a front structure and juxtaposed planks).
The Douro River represents the cultural frontier that separated the two aforementioned styles, with Nordic-style boats prevailing in north-western rivers. To the south, and along the coast, Mediterranean-style boats dominated.
In addition to this cultural duality, barges and other boats boasting markedly Mediterranean features were commonly found in the Algarve, particularly in the coastal areas closest to neighbouring Andalusia, of which the most representative examples are the Calão and the Xávega. The latter has not been included in this stamp issue, as it is already featured in the “Portucale 77- Barcos da Costa Portuguesa” (Portucale 77 – Portuguese Coastal Boats) issue, launched in 1977. Both these boats bear traces from ancient Phoenician and Greek vessels, mostly evident in their bow decorations. Both boats feature a raised piece on the bow, horn- shaped in the Calão and in the shape of an elongated, stylised swan neck in the Xávega. Both boats feature barge-like hulls, without transoms. The Calão was propelled by oars or sails, whereas the Xávega was only propelled by oars. Although both were trawlers, the Calão also assisted larger ships engaged in deep sea fishing, namely tuna fishing, and transported fish to the shore.
The Canoa do Alto or Caçadeira, the Canoa da Picada and the Caíque were seagoing boats. The optimal performance afforded by their hulls inspired the building of recreational boats, widely used in regattas from the 19th century onwards, particularly by the Portuguese Royal House.
The Canoa da Picada carried salted sardines to the port of Lisbon; its leisure version, rigged differently, was known as coquette.
The Caíque, a fishing boat also used in port-to-port shipping, sailed on Moroccan waters and the Western Mediterranean. The “Bom Sucesso” (Good Fortune), a boat from Olhão, crossed the South Atlantic to take the news of the expulsion of Napoleon’s armies from Portugal to the Royal Family, exiled in Brazil.
The Galleon was introduced to the Algarve from Andalusia, to sail the high seas. This boat was soon replaced with a steam version and since then reconverted, to be used in the transport of salt. Its excellent performance on the high seas led a few sailing enthusiasts, namely from the Netherlands, to buy these boats and turn them into sports and pleasure craft.
The five boats depicted in this stamp issue portray Mediterranean traditions, not only regarding shipbuilding techniques but also in what concerns their origins.
Portugal Post web-site.

“galeão”: One of a team of boats working out of the Tagus Estuary, employing the large ring net. The rest of the team includes the motorized mother ship also called galeão, several buques and 1 – 2 small boats to serve the mother ship. The sailing galeão transport the net and aids in setting and hauling it.
Carvel-planked; sharp ends; curved stem with shredded wool on the stemhead to reduce chaffing of the sail; curved sternpost; keel.
Decked, 5 hatches. Outboard rudder with tiller. Mainly rowed; 7 rowing benches along each side; 2 men on each of the 6 oars forward of the mast, and 2 on the 8 oars abaft the mast. Oars held to tholepins by strops.
Quadrilateral lateen type sail with a short luff used when going to and from the fishing grounds. Forward raking mast secured by single shrouds.
Crew of 40 man and 4 boys.
Length 15.7m, beam 4m, depth 1.0m, 13.65 rt.

Portugal 2015 MS 1.80 Euro sg?, scott? (in margin of sheet on right side of stamp.)
Source: Aak to Zumbra, a dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.


“canoa do alto”: Engaged in offshore fishing in the area from the Tagus River to the south coast.
Straight stem, curved forefoot; shredded wool on stemhead reduces sail chafing; wide raked wine-glass transom. Drag to the straight keel; bilge keels; high sides, strong sheer; 2 wales. Some full decked; more often only a foredeck; enclosed bench aft. Outboard rudder with tiller. Set a lateen sail or quadrilateral lateen-type sail with a short luff. Forward raking mast stepped on keelson. Some also employed a sprit-rigged, aft raking mizzenmast sheeted to an outrigger (as seen on stamp)
Rowed in calms and when shooting the net. Crew 11-13 plus 1-2 boys.
Reported lengths 6.58 – 8.5m; e.g. length 7.7m, beam 3m, depth 1.0m.

Portugal 2015 0.45 Euro sg?, scott? MS 1.80 Euro sg?, scott? (in margin of sheet.)
Source: Aak to Zumbra, a dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.


The full index of our ship stamp archive


Postby shipstamps » Fri Nov 21, 2008 3:59 pm

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Built as a wooden hulled seal catcher by the yard of Erik Linstøls Båtbyggeri at Risor, Norway for Andr. Ingebrigtsen, Høvik near Oslo.
Launched under the name FOCA I (fishery No. K-13-K)
Tonnage 204 ton gross, 126 net, dim. 111.4 x 24.9 x 14ft. (draught)
Powered by 2-cyl. steam engines of 17nhp.

March 1921 sold to Sir Ernest Shackleton after he made a short visit to Norway, she was renamed QUEST.
Shackleton would use the vessel for his expedition to the Antarctic, but she was not so suitable for the voyage, small and straight stemmed, with an awkward square rig on her mainmast. He engines were too weak, and her boilers found at sea cracked. In all ports of call she needed repairs.
17 September 1921 she sailed from the St Katharine’s Dock in London under command of Capt. Worsley.
The QUEST made calls at Lisbon, Madeira, Cape Verde and Rio de Janeiro, at Rio de Janeiro Shackleton did have a heart attack, but when the ships doctor Macklin want to make an examination, he refused, but the doctor could see that he had a heart problem.
After sailing from Rio de Janeiro bound for South Georgia, Shackleton mentally changed he seemed unnaturally listless, always the leader and full of ideas, now he had not any plans and it seemed that he had turned to the past.
04 January 1922 she arrived off South Georgia and anchored off the whaling station of Grytviken.
Early in the morning of 5 January Dr. Macklin was called to Shackleton bunk and he found him with an other heart attack, not much he could do and a few minutes later Shackleton died.

(On this expedition Shackleton was appointed an Agent of the Post Master General for this expedition, and provided with one hundred pounds worth of British postage stamps, a circular date stamp and a trio of rectangular hand-stamps of a size to fit over a pair of stamps, for three of the countries they were expected to visit; namely Tristan da Cunha, Cough Island and Enderby Land.) as given in Log Book 1983 Vol 13 page 311.

After Shackleton death, his body was send back to England for burial, but when his wife Emily got the message of his death, she decided that her husband should be buried on South Georgia.
After arrival of Shackleton’s body at Montevideo, it was send back to South Georgia. And there his body was laid to rest on 05 March 1922 in the Norwegian cemetery.

After Shackleton died, the QUEST carried on, under Wild’s command, but he was not a leader and without Shackleton he was lost, he started drinking heavily; he had never done before on sea.
Before the QUEST sailed home in June, Wild took her to Elephant Island.
16 September 1922 she arrived in Portsmouth.

1923 Sold to to W.G Oliffe, Cowes.
March 1924 sold to Schjelderups Sælfangstrederi A/S ( Capt. Thomas Schjelderup), Skånland Bø (fishery No N-94-BN). In use as a seal catcher in the Arctic, and probably as fishing vessel in between catching seasons.

1929 Took part in the search for Amundsen and Major Gilbaud who disappeared in a hydroplane in the Arctic, while searching for General Nobile and the aircrew of the airship ITALIA.
1930/31 Deployed by H.G. Watkins in the British Air Route Expedition, the QUEST surveyed some coastal waters of Greenland
1935 Chosen to transport the Anglo-Danish expedition of Lawrence Wager and Augustine Courtauld, to Greenland, a summer expedition based at Kangerlussuag, Greenland. The QUEST returned from Kangerlussuaq on 29 August 1935, she left 7 expedition members behind who were to continue work.

1936/37 Count Gaston Micard chartered the QUEST, under command of Capt. Ludolf Schelderup, for an expedition to East Greenland; the expedition overwintered at the mouth of Loch Fyne (74N).
During the overwintering the crew of the QUEST caught 162 fox.
End July 1937 the QUEST returned to Europe making calls at Scoresbysund and Ammassalik.

January 1939 sold to Skips-A/S Quest (Ivar Austad, Tromsø) (fishery No T-24-T.
A 4-cyl 2tv Wichmann diesel engine was installed, 350 bhp.
Still used as a seal catcher, and probably in regular fishing in between seasons.

When war broke out in Norway in April 1940 she was catching seals near New Foundland, and she came under Notraship control.
Upon hearing of the German invasion in Norway she proceeded to St John’s.
November 1940 hired by the Royal Navy, as a minesweeper in the West Indies/Caribbean.
July 1941 handed back to Notraship.

March 1942 she was scheduled for convoy SC 76 from Halifax, but she did not sail.
April 1942 requisitioned by Den Konglige Norske Marine (Royal Norwegian Navy). Intended for use in Operation “Fritham 2” at Spitsbergen, Svalbard in May that year, but this was cancelled.
Then she shows up in convoy SC 83 which sails from Halifax in May 1942.

September 1942 returned to Nortraship.
21 June 1943 hired by the Royal Navy as water carrier, till 1945.

10 October 1945 laid up.
19 July 1946 returned to owner.

05 May 1962 while catching seal off the north coast of Labrador, she sprang a leak and sank due to ice.
The crew was rescued by the Norwegian seal catchers NORVARG, POLARFART, POLARSIRKEL and KVITFJELL.

Ascension 1972 4 and 4½p sg 160/1, scott 161/2
South Georgia 1972 20p sg 35, scott 34
Tristan da Cunha 1971 1½p sg 149, scott 153.

Source: Mostly copied from Shackleton by Roland Huntford. Ships of the Royal Navy Vol. II by Colledge. Log Book. Some other web-sites.
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Postby hindle » Sun Jun 06, 2010 1:49 pm

The Quest was suffering from a bent and misaligned propshaft, which caused a lot of engine problems, hence the many stops en route.

When Shackleton died, Len Hussey injected ether into his heart in a vain attempt to revive him.

Richard A. Hindle.


Postby aukepalmhof » Tue Apr 02, 2013 7:38 pm

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Shackleton-Rowett Expedition (1921-22) was the last to be led by Sir Ernest Shackleton. It was sponsored by Mr. John Quiller Rowett and ultimately was led by Captain [Commander] Frank Wild. The three were photographed in 1921 looking out from the bridge of the QUEST when they paid a visit to Southampton to supervise the fitting out of the ship prior to the expedition. The 45p stamps are based on this photograph in an unusual Triptych format.
The expedition proposed an ambitious two year programme of Antarctic exploration but before any work had begun Shackleton tragically died aboard ship on 5th January. The QUEST had only just arrived at South Georgia and on 4th January anchored off Grytviken, where Shackleton went ashore to visit the old whaling establishment once again. Returning to QUEST he retired to his cabin to write what was to be the final entry in his diary. “It is a strange and curious place” he wrote. “A wonderful evening. In the darkening twilight I saw a lone star hover: gem like above the bay”.
The expedition had numerous objectives including a circumnavigation of the Antarctic continent and the mapping of 2,000 miles of uncharted coastline, a search for wrongly charted sub-Antarctic islands and investigations into the possible mineral resources in these lands and an ambitious scientific research programme. It was unrealistic for so few men to achieve all of these objectives within two years. There was no single main goal other than perhaps Shackleton’s wish to return south once more.
Shackleton himself referred to the expedition as pioneering. There was an aircraft (that ultimately was not used) and all manner of new gadgets including a heated crow’s nest and overalls for the lookouts, a wireless set, an odograph that could trace and chart the ship’s route automatically, a deep-sea sounding machine and a great deal of photographic equipment.
Such gadgets were made possible by the sponsorship of the businessman John Quiller Rowett. Having made a fortune in the spirits industry Rowett had a desire to do more than simply make money. Following the First World War he was a notable contributor to several charitable causes. He was also a school-friend of Shackleton’s at Dulwich College and he undertook to cover the entire costs of the expedition. According to Wild, without Rowett’s generosity the expedition would have been impossible: “His generous attitude is the more remarkable in that he knew there was no prospect of financial return, and what he did was in the interest of scientific research and from friendship with Shackleton.” His only recognition was the attachment of his name to the title of the expedition. Sadly in 1924, aged 50, Rowett took his own life believing his business fortunes to be in decline.
After the death of Shackleton, Frank Wild took over as expedition leader and chose to proceed in accordance with Shackleton’s plans. The QUEST, shown on the 50p stamps leaving London, at Ascension and in Ice, was the smallest ship to ever attempt to penetrate the Antarctic ice and despite several attempts the most southerly latitude attained was 69°17′s. The ship returned to South Georgia at the onset of winter. QUEST remained in South Georgia for a month, during which time Shackleton’s old comrades erected a memorial cairn to their former leader, on a headland overlooking the entrance to Grytviken harbour.
QUEST finally sailed for South Africa on 8th May where the crew enjoyed the hospitality of the Prime Minister, Jan Smuts, and many local organizations. They also met Rowett’s agent with a message that they should return to England rather than continuing for a second year. Their final visits were to St Helena, Ascension Island and St Vincent.
In the end the expedition achieved little of real significance. The lack of a clearly defined objective combined with the failure to call at Cape Town on the way south to collect important equipment (including parts for the aeroplane) added to the serious blow of Shackleton’s death, which ultimately overshadowed the expedition’s achievements.
The expedition has been referred to as the final expedition of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration. Those that followed were of a different nature and belonged to the mechanical age.
Ascension Island 2012 45p/50p sg?, scott?

£1.50p – Dr Alexander Macklin and “Quest
Alexander Macklin was born in India in 1889, the son of a Doctor and he was of course to follow in his father’s footsteps.
Soon after qualifying he applied to join Shackleton’s Imperial Transantarctic Expedition and was accepted as one of two doctors. As well as his surgeon’s duties he was put in charge of the ship’s dogs and was also assigned a team of sledge dogs to drive.
The skills of the two surgeons were put to the test with a range of ailments including Gangrene, Heart Problems and at least one Nervous Breakdown as well as the more mundane problems that would affect all of those living in difficult circumstances in freezing weather on Elephant Island for so long.
On return to England, Macklin joined the army as an officer in the Medical Corps serving in France and Russia during the First World War. He won the Military Cross (M.C.) for bravery in tending the wounded under fire and later joined Shackleton in Russia in the fight against the Bolsheviks.
Shackleton invited Macklin to join him again for the Quest expedition in 1922 as the ship’s surgeon together with a number of fellow crewmen from the earlier expedition. On Shackleton’s death at South Georgia, it fell to Macklin to prepare the body for transport to South America and then for burial on South Georgia.
Although some members of the crew left the Quest following the death of Shackleton, the bulk of the crew took the vessel back to the UK and on the morning of 19th May 1922, the Quest was spotted off the coast of Tristan da Cunha.
Many of the crew visited Edinburgh of the Seven Seas and Dr Macklin stayed in the cottage of Bob Glass although he was later to record that he had a problem with a “small army of marauders” which kept him awake. Macklin, who was in charge of stores arranged to leave a large amount of stores behind prior to the departure of the Quest six days later.
In 1926 Macklin established a medical practice in Dundee, Scotland where he would work for the next 21 years. During World War II, he served in the Medical Corps in East Africa as a Lieutenant Colonel and died on 21 March1967.
Tristan da Cunha 2014 £1.50 sg?, scott?
Source: Tristan da Cunha post web-site
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