Built as a J-class yacht under yard No 405 by Camper and Nicholsons, Gosport, Hampshire, U.K. for Sir Thomas Sopwith.
Designed by Charles Ernest Nicholson.
Steel hull with a wooden superstructure.
April 1934 launched as the ENDEAVOUR K 4.
Displacement143 tons, dim. 39.47 x 6.71 x 4.50m. (draught), length on waterline 25.38m.
Sail area 702.44 m².
ENDEAVOUR is a 130-foot (40 m) J-class yacht built for the 1934 America's Cup by Camper and Nicholson in Gosport, Portsmouth Harbour, England. She was built for Thomas Sopwith who used his aviation design expertise to ensure the yacht was the most advanced of its day with a steel hull and mast. She was launched in 1934 and won many races in her first season including against the J's VELSHEDA and SHAMROCK V. She failed in her America's Cup challenge against the American defender RAINBOW but came closer to lifting the cup than any other until AUSTRALIA II succeeded in 1983.
ENDEAVOUR pioneered the Quadrilateral genoa, a twin clewed headsail offering great sail area and consequent power. This design is still in use in the J's today. The boat also featured a larger and improved spinnaker. However, the campaign was blighted by a strike of Sopwith's professional crew prior to departing for America. Forced to rely mainly on keen amateurs, who lacked the necessary experience, the campaign failed. This was one of the most contentious of the America's cup battles and prompted the headline: "Britannia rules the waves and America waives the rules."
Following the America's Cup she dominated the British sailing scene until, whilst being towed across the Atlantic to Britain in September 1937, she broke loose from her tow and was feared lost. She was eventually found and returned to England where she was laid up. For 46 years ENDEAVOUR languished through a variety of owners. In 1947, she was sold for scrap, saved only a few hours before her demolition was due. In the 1970s she sank in the River Medina, Isle of Wight. She was purchased for ten pounds and patched up enough to refloat. Until the mid-1980s she was on shore at Calshot Spit, an ex-seaplane base on the edge of the New Forest, Southern England. By this time she was in a desperate state, with only the hull remaining, lacking rudder, mast and keel.
In 1984 ENDEAVOUR was bought by Elizabeth Meyer, who undertook a five-year project to rebuild her. The initial work was undertaken where she lay to ensure that the hull was sufficiently seaworthy to be towed to the shipyard of Royal Huisman, in Holland, who designed and installed a new rig, engine, generator and mechanical systems and fitted the interior to a very high standard. ENDEAVOUR sailed again, on 22 June 1989, for the first time in 52 years.
She was fitted out with a one Caterpillar diesel 362 hp., and could berth 8 guest and 7 crew.
Elizabeth Meyer sold ENDEAVOUR to Dennis Kozlowski for US$15M in 2000. She was again sold in 2006 for a reputed $13.1M to Hawaii resident Cassio Antunes.
After her rebuild she cruised extensively and in 1999 joined the rebuilt VELSHEDA and SHAMROCK V to compete in the Antigua Classics Regatta.
2014 Still owned by the Antunes family and is also for charter.
Homeport George Town, Cayman Islands.
Grenada 1987 $1.10 sg1613, scott1493 ( wrongly given on stamp as ENDEAVOR.)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endeavour_(yacht) Various Internet sites.
Launched under the name FANNY FISHER.
Tonnage 238 ton, dim. 92.2 x 22.9 x 11.1ft.
Barque rigged. One deck, square stern.
Completed 1847, registered in Sydney.
She was not always used as a whaler, in Shipping Arrivals and departures of South Australia 1627-1850, I found the vessel two times.
She arrived 24 January 1849 from Sydney, with a cargo of beef, pork and sherry and some passengers, cleared 6/7 February for the Swan River, where she arrived the 2 March, then to Mauritius with wheat and leather and some passengers.
Arrived 18 July 1850 from Newcastle, NSW with a cargo of coal and some passengers. Cleared 02 August for Launceston, Tasmania, 5 passengers and 13 crew.
April 1858 was she sold to Henry Clarke & James Merriman.
June 1858, Merriman got 32 shares, Clarke 22 and Wm. Sullivan 10 shares.
September 1860 was she owned by Merriman and Sullivan.
April 1861 was she owned only by Merriman.
1861 Owned by Merriman & William Andrews.
1866 Was Merriman again the only owner.
November 1868 Merriman 22 shares, H. Fairclough 21 and R Randall 21 shares.
1875 Owned by John Broomfield.
January 1877 owned by A. Campbell.
1892 Owned by C.A. Campell & W R Gainford. Gainford was later the only owner.
1903 Owned by Daniel Sheehy who broke vessel up.
Register closed in 1907, vessel broken up.
All her life was she registered in Sydney, and used as freighter or whaler, as whaler she visited the Norfolk Island and was whaling off the island.
Norfolk Island 1985 5c sg 356
Source: Ships of Australia and New Zealand before 1850 by Ronald Parsons