SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

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SAWA PZ-35 yacht

The yacht depict on this Polish stamp issued in 1965 is according the sail number PZ-35, which belong to the type Conrad II which was designed by R Langera and K Michalskiego in 1958.
The Conrad II type was built on a yard in Szczecin. Altogether 14 of this type were built and the PZ-35 was the last of this type built.
It was a wooden sea-going cabin-cruiser yacht.
Weight 7,000 kg., dim. 10.10 x 2.68 x 1.98m. (draught)
Sail area 50.40m³. Sloop rigged.
Accommodation for 7 crew.
Delivered in 1961 under the name SAWA sail No PZ 35. Not an engine installed.

She was managed by the League of Friends of the Soldiers in Warsaw, later taken over by the Warsaw OZZ and managed by the Nautical Club PTTK Breeze.
10 September 1978 she grounded off the coast of Estonia, but was refloated
27 March 1990 renamed in BUSHI with sail number PZ-135.
2017 Still sailing under same name and number.
The type is often confused with type Vega which succeeded her, and was fitted out with an auxiliary diesel.

Poland 1965 60g sg1569, scott?
Source: https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_II ... -.3E_Bushi

WODNIK

Navicula gives that the WODNIK is depict on this stamp;

She was a 3 masted galleon built around 1623 in Gdansk.
Tonnage around 100 last, (200 ton). Dim. approx. length of deck 25m. beam 6.8m.
Armament 1- 7pdr., 2 – 6pdr.bronze guns, 7 – 6pdr. iron guns, 3 – 5pdr, 2 – 3pdr, iron guns, 2 falconets and 3 bronze stone thrower guns.
Crew 45-49 and 80 soldiers (Marines).

WODNIK (Aquarius) - Polish ship of war - a small galleon , probably built in 1623. In Gdansk . The ship is in the sources listed under the German name "Meerman" Polonised as "Aquarius". Today, this name carries a training ship ORP AQUARIUS.
History
During the war with Sweden , WODNIK under the command of (most likely) Captain Herman Witte , along with ships, KRÓL DAWID (King David) and ARKA NOEGO (Noah's Ark) , participated in the first battle with a fleet of Swedish warships, encountering on 17 May 1627. In the vicinity of Hel the Swedish more numerous ships, were bound for Piława. After an exchange of gunfire, the two squadrons parted, Polish sailed west. The next day, May 18 there was a skirmish at the height of Białogóry near Leba with a convoy of 24 Swedish vessels. After an artillery duel, with few casualties, Polish ships managed to break away from the enemy and sailed to Kolobrzeg. After several days at sea the Polish ships returned to Wisloujscie , breaking through the lines of the Swedish blockade of the Gulf of Gdansk .
WODNIK distinguished himself during the victorious battle with the Swedish squadron of Oliwa on November 28 1627. His Captain Herman Witte was before the battle appointed Vice-Admiral and commander of the Polish fleet, so that the WODNIK served as the flag-ship. Its skipper was Piotr Wedeman. During the battle, WODNIK attacked and entered wherafter his crew boarded the larger Swedish galleon SOLEN. After a fierce battle, the Polish soldiers gained the upper hand, The captain of the Solen blew his ship up rather than allowing it to be captured. The four surviving Swedish ships quickly headed towards the open sea and managed to escape pursuit. Both admirals were killed in the battle, also 23 members of the crew of WODNIK were killed (a further 10 were killed in the course of previous clashes).
May 2 1628: The new captain of the ship, replacing Witte, who died in November 1627, was Hans Schröder. During the attack of Swedish troops supported by artillery on Polish ships at the mouth of the Vistula River near Fortress Wisłoujście after midnight of July 6 1628 , WODNIK was sailing upstream to help the PHOENIX which was stuck on a sandbank when trying to retreat up the river after she was damaged by artillery fire of the Swedish troops.She managed, however, under the protection of WODNIK and TIGER to refloat, where after she was escorted to the second group of Polish ships in the area of Polish Haku.
In January 1629 year, WODNIK together with other Polish ships was commissioned by King Sigismund III Vasa to the service of the Habsburg Catholic League in the ongoing Thirty Years War , arriving Wismar on February 8. Polish ships stationed in Wismar fought against a fleet of Danish and Swedish ships in occasional minor skirmishes. January 22 1632 after the surrender of Wismar, Polish ships were captured by the Swedes and incorporated into their fleet; WODNIK served as MEERMAN in the Swedish fleet. The further fate of the ship is not known.

Poland 1964 2Z sg1462, scott?
https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wodnik_(1623)

Disembarkation «Braves of Mindelo»1832.

Disembarkation of Mindelo is the name given to the landing of the Liberal troops north of Porto on July 8, 1832, during the Liberal Wars, name by which the Portuguese Civil War (1828-1834) was known. The squadron organized by D. Pedro IV, counted on 60 ships, about 8,300 men , under the command of the British Admiral George Rose Sartorius. About 7,500 men who came to be known by the name of "Bravos do Mindelo" came ashore. [2] Among them were many mercenaries and auxiliaries, English, French, Belgians, Poles, Italians, Germans and Spaniards, exceeding 6,600 foreigners, who represented more than 80% of the total troops. At dusk on July 7, 1832, there was panic between the military forces and the absolutist authorities of Porto: the Liberal fleet was in sight, much to the surprise of the miguelistas who had never foreseen an invasion by this point of the country. However, D. Pedro advanced with his fleet towards Vila do Conde, where he planned the landing. On the morning of July 8, Major Bernardo de Sá Nogueira, the future Marquis of Sá da Bandeira, was sent ashore to parley with the military forces stationed there. The negotiations were, however, completely barren, with that emissary being received with threats of firing. Frustrated, then, that it was these attempts at peaceful landing, it was decided to do so in a war-time. The choice of this site, which historiographically perpetuated this military operation as "Disembarkation of Mindelo", was due to the fact that it could be carried out with ease and safety, since the sea presented "quite deep almost to the sand" . This indication was given, according to tradition, by one of the 7,500 "bravos", of its name Francisco José da Silva, native of Paiço, parish of the Lavra. The landing was fast and did not encounter any resistance, being, immediately, taken the strategic points of the region. The battalions of Hunters # 2 and # 3 occupied the crests of the elevations that extend until the right margin of the river Leça. The landing allowed the liberal forces to take the city of Oporto on July 9, 1832, catching by surprise the miguelista army that would submit them to the prolonged Siege of Porto. D. Miguel ended up capitulating in 1834, with the Évora Monte Concession, opening the way to the definitive implantation of Liberalism.
Azores.Portugal1982;33e50;SG445.
Source:https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desembarque_do_Mindelo

PYROSCAPHE (France)

Pyroscaphe was an early experimental steamship built by Marquis de Jouffroy d'Abbans in 1783. The first demonstration took place on 15 July 1783 on the river Saône in France. After the first demonstration, it was said that the hull had opened up and the boiler was letting out steam, faults common in early steamboats. In this case, it seems to have been easily repaired as the boat was said to have made several trips up and down the river. A month later, on 19 August, the boat carried several passengers who signed a witness protocol for a successful journey.

Built of wood at Ecully, near Lyons, Length: 13 m. Beam: 4,5 m. Displacement: 163ton, Complement: 3.
The Pyroscaphe was propelled by a horizontal double-acting steam machine, diameter 25.6” (0.65m.) by 77” (1.956m.) stroke, constructed by Messrs. Frérejean & Cie., Lyons, it was enclosed in the boiler and its piston rod was connected to a double ratchet device to produce the continuous rotating motion of the side paddle-wheels, diameter 13.1’(3.99m.) and had 8 radial paddles or floats each.

(France 2016, €1.25, StG.?)
Internet + book From Paddle-steamer to Nuclear Ship by W.A. Baker.

Eivind Astrup explorer of North(1890-1895)

Eivind Astrup (1871-1895) could easily have become one of the pillars of Norwegian polar history - if not to say the polar history of the world. At nineteen years-old, he joined (with very poor English skills) Robert Peary's two expeditions to North Greenland, and it was primarily his meticulous observations and documentation that finally established Greenland as an island and not part of an Arctic continent as many had believed. In his lifetime, Astrup became as popular, if not more popular than Fritjof Nansen himself. For Roald Amundsen, Astrup was the great ideal of a successful polar explorer.
Astrup crafted sleds for the Peary expedition - copied from the nearby Inuit families - and taught Peary and the other explorers how to ski. His only book, With Peary Near the Pole , reveals a deep respect and understanding of the local Inuit culture. He was the first to combine dog sleds with skis - and thus laid the ground for the future success of both Nansen and Amundsen.
Once returned to Norway, Astrup planned great expeditions, combining native equipment such as sleds and reindeer clothing with modern tools like hot air balloons to conquer the poles. However, he was infected with typhoid fever, almost certainly obtained by eating rotten pemmican during the second Peary expedition, and became very ill. During Christmas weekend of 1895, he went for a ski trip in the mountains and never returned.
Although some newspapers soon speculated suicide, Astrup's death was covered up for many years. It was said that he fell and slipped on some ice and cracked his head on a rock. However, rumors of a gunshot soon grew in a nearby village, and that a fired gun had been taken from the death scene. Today Astrup's suicide is a fact, though the reasons are not fully understood. It is more likely that he could not cope with the fact that he was ill and never would be well enough to achieve his goals as a polar explorer.

Guinea 2011;5000gf;SG?
Source: http://thefanhitch.org/V15N1/V15,N1Astrup.html

EXPEDITION cruise vessel

Built as a ro-ro ferry under yard No 398 by Helsingör Værft, Elsinore, Denmark for Jydsk Færgefart A/S, Hundested, Denmark.
Tonnage 3,960 grt, 1,441 nrt, 925 dwt. Dim. 104.04 x 18.93 x 4.37m.
Powered by two HSM-B&W 10U45HU diesels, 8,096 kW. Twin shafts, speed 17 knots.
Accommodation for 1,200 passengers. 34 berth.
14 July 1972 delivered to owners.

15 July 1972 in service between Grená and Hundested.
30 December 1977 last voyage in this service.
02 March 1978 sold to Midland Montague Leasing (U.K.) Ltd, London for P&O Normandy Ferries Ltd., London
06 March 1978 arrived Vlissingen Oost (Flushing East), Netherlands and laid up.
14 April 1978 arrived by Caillard S.A., Le Havre for a refit.
09 June 1978 renamed in nf TIGER, in service between Dover and Boulogne.
04 January 1985 registered for Townsend Car Ferries Ltd., Dover, renamed TIGER, in service between Dover and Boulogne.
18 July 1986 last voyage in this service, thereafter laid up at Chatham. U.K.
November 1986 sold to Finlandshamnen Ab, Norrtälje, Sweden (subsidiary of SF Line, Mariehamn, Finland.
11 December 1986 arrived at the Tyne for a refit.
22 December 1986 arrived by the Öresundsvarvet for further redevelopment, renamed in ALANDSFÄRJAN.
29 April 1987 arrived Mariehamn.
18 May 1987 in the service of the Viking Line between Kapellskär and Mariehamn, from 1993 also Mariehamn to Nådendal with cargo, the ship did not have more any berths.
1995 Transferred to the Ab Viking Line, Norrtälje.
03 January 2002 till 03 February 2002 rebuild and fitted out with stern sponsons at the Baltic Shiprepairs, Tallinn, Estonia. Tonnage 6.336 grt, 1,900 dwt.Dim. 105.20 x 18.93 x 4.71m
15 February 2002 in the service between Kapellskär and Mariehamn.
Thereafter every year in the winter months laid up.
05 July 2005 on arrival Mariehamn port at 18.30 the port propeller got out of control full ahead and the ship hit a pile mooring, a car on the car-deck turned over and hit a woman who was hospitalized. Four cars were damaged. The ferry sailed for Kappellskär for repair.
After a few days repair she was back in service.
23 October 2007 she hit Marbådan off Mariehamn, she proceeded to Mariehamn were severe damage was found during a survey. Taken out of traffic for repair.
October 2007 sailed to Tallinn for hull damage port side repair.
23 November 2007 again in service.
27 May 2008 sold to G.A. P. Shipping Ltd., Hamilton, Barbados for takeover in June.
29 May 2008 last sailing in the ferry service.
26 June 2006 sailed from Mariehamn to Rauma, Finland
27 June 2008 handed over to new owners and renamed in EXPEDITION. Liberian flag and registry, homeport Monrovia.
The same day her rebuilding in a cruise ship commenced by the Aker yard in Rauma.
2008 Her owners given as Expedition Shipping Co. Ltd, Monrovia, tonnage 6,334 grt, 1,900 nrt, 965 dwt.
Accommodation for 137 passengers.
April 2009 in service as a cruise vessel.
November 2009 arrived in Las Palmas with engine problems.
January 2010 again in service.
2017 In service same name and owners IMO No 7211074, managed by G. Adventures, Toronto.

British Antarctic Territory 2016 £1.22 sg?, scott?
Source: http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/kattegat_1972.htm http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz
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GENERAL GODDARD

The full index of our ship stamp archive

GENERAL GODDARD

Postby shipstamps » Sun Nov 02, 2008 4:28 pm


Click image to view full size
St Helena did issue a 6p stamp on 17 December 1973, which shows use the British East Indiaman GENERAL GODDARD, which captured seven Dutch East Indiamen off St Helena.
In June 1795 news reached St Helena that the Dutch Revolutionary Party had joined France in the war against England.
Captain William Taylor Money was at St Helena at that time with the GENERAL GODDARD during his fifth voyage from India.
In haste he fitted his ship out for battle, to intercept a Dutch merchant fleet known to be nearing the island.
The GENERAL GODDARD got help from the HMS SCEPTRE a 3rd Rate 64 gun ship, and the packet SWALLOW.

18 May 1795 a Dutch fleet of 16 VOC ships sailed from the Cape, escorted by two warships the SCIPIO and KOMEET bound for the Netherlands. Due to bad weather and adverse winds, eight ships returned to the Table Bay where she arrived on 20 May. One day later the eight ships sailed out again, but had lost the contact with the convoy.
14 June 1795 were these 8 ships captured by the British ships off St Helena. (Not much is given in the Dutch books I have on the VOC about this loss)

The HMS SCEPTER under command of Captain Essington arrived at St Helena in May with a convoy of homebound ships, and she brought the news that armies of France had overran the Netherlands.
Then the packet SWALLOW arrived on 2 June from the Cape with the news that an important Dutch convoy was underway from the Cape to the Netherlands.
Capt Essington made a request to the Governor of St Helena that some of the East Indiamen of the company could be put under his orders, to assist them in the search and capturing of the Dutch convoy.
The MANSHIP, GENERAL GODDARD and the SWALLOW were put under his command, and some troops from the island embarked on this vessels.
03 June this small squadron sailed out and the search for the Dutch convoy began. Five other East Indiamen were prepared to join the squadron, the ASIA, LORD HAWKESBURY, ESSEX, AIRLY CASTLE and BUSBRIDGE. All available space on the island was loaded with the goods unladed from the ships, even the church was used.

The LORD HAWKESBURY, after sailing and in an attempt to weather the island, split her sails, and returned to St Helena. The ESSEX got also in problems when her fore-top-mast sprung. The BUSBRIDGE was the only ship what made contact with the squadron.

10 June one of the ships of the Dutch fleet the HOUGLY was seized and send to the roads of St Helena accompanied by the SWALLOW, after she delivered her at the roads the SWALLOW returned to the squadron with a number of additional seamen to reinforce the squadron.
The weather was not so good; a lot of gales and the MANSHIP and BUSBRIDGE lost the contact with the squadron.
On the afternoon of 14 June, seven sails were sighted on the weather bow, steering down before the wind.
GENERAL GODDARD sailed through the Dutch convoy on about 01.00 a.m. and was fired at, without returning fire.
The next morning at day-break, the Dutch fleet was still on the starboard bow of the HMS SCEPTRE and SWALLOW, and at 07.00 a.m. she displayed Dutch colours, whilst their commodore fired a gun to leeward. This was repeated by the SCEPTRE, and Capt. Essington supposed it would be followed by
‘heaving to’ of the Dutch ships, but the Dutch ships sailed on, three shots fired by the SCEPTRE ahead of the Dutch convoy did not give the result the British hoped for.
A signal was given to the GENERAL GODDARD to chase the Dutchmen to the SCEPTRE, when the GENERAL GODDARD instantaneously appeared under a cloud of canvas and was laid alongside the Dutch commodore ship ALBLASSERDAM who from her imposing appearance thought that she was a warship, and the ALBLASSERDAM followed Money’s directions to bear down.
The Dutch crews of the other ships fired several shots to the SCEPTRE and at the boats that were sent out with boarding parties. After the SCEPTRE did give a few broadsides the Dutch surrendered. At the same time the ASIA and BUSBRIDGE arrived and all seven Dutch vessels were boarded and taken as a prize, without the loss of any person.
All the ships came to anchor in the night of 17 June on the road of St Helena.
01 July the SCEPTRE with her prizes and British convoy sailed for England, the prizes arrived at Shannon, Ireland, where she were sold. The ZEELELIE (not visible on stamp) which had attempted to escape was wrecked off the Scilly Islands that year.

A painting, which depicts this battle, was made by the British artist Thomas Luny (1759 – 1837) for Captain Money of the GENERAL GODDARD (other source gives the painting was made for Robert Wigram the owner); the painting is now in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
After this painting the stamp is designed. Not the complete painting is shown but only the central portion of the painting.
The ZEELELIE and HMS SCEPTRE and the packet SWALLOW are not shown on the stamp.
The GENERAL GODDARD, in foreground of stamp, with the six remaining Dutch ships, which can be seen in the background of the stamp.

The VOC ships taken were used regular between Holland and the Far East after she were built, the URL gives a search engine for the VOC ships http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten/DAS/search for more information on the voyages.
The SURCHEANCE is not given, so most probably she was never used from Holland, or a hired vessel.

ALBLASSERDAM: Named after a town in the Netherlands. Built in 1782 on the yard of the VOC at Zeeland for the Chamber of the VOC at Amsterdam.
1150 ton.
She sailed from Ceylon in 1795, with a cargo on board with a total value of 457.491 Dutch Guilder, under command of Capt. Klaas Keuken, with on board 165 persons, one died during the voyage and 11 disembark at the Cape.

MENTOR: Built on the VOC yard of Zeeland in 1789 for the Chamber of the VOC in Zeeland.
Tonnage 560 ton.
Sailed from Batavia on 22 November 1794, with a cargo on board with a total value of 61.361 Dutch Guilder. She was under command of Capt. Ulke Barendsz with on board 50 persons.

(I believe this MENTOR is also depict on the British Indian Ocean Territory stamp issued in 1999 60p sg 229, not any MENTOR is mentioned in Rowan Hackman book on the “Ships of the East India Company”. The year on the stamp is the same as when the MENTOR was built)

MEERMIN: (Mermaid). Built in 1782 at the VOC yard at Amsterdam for the Chamber of the VOC at Amsterdam.
Tonnage 500 ton.
Sailed in 1795 from Batavia under command of Capt. Gerard Ewoud Overbeek with on board 40 persons.

DORDWIJK: Built in 1787 in Rotterdam for the Chamber of the VOC of Delft/Rotterdam.
Tonnage 800 ton
22 November 1794 she sailed from Batavia under command of Capt. Hendrik Willem Ketjen with on board 40 persons.

GENERAL GODDARD:
Built in 1782 by Randall, Rotherhite for William Money.
30 January 1782 launched under the name GENERAL GODDARD.
She made her first voyage under command of Captain Thomas Foxall for the British East India Company to Bombay, she made three voyages more to India, before she was sold in 1790 to Robert Wigram.
Her next voyage to Bengal was under command of Capt. Thomas Wakefield, thereafter she made a voyage under command of Captain W.T.Money, and during this voyage she assisted HMS SCEPTRE in the capture of seven Dutch East Indiamen off St Helena.
Thereafter she made one more voyage under command of Captain Thomas Graham from 1796 till 1798 to the Coromandel Coast and Bengal.
1798 After her arrival back in England, sold as a West Indiamen for the trade to the West Indies.
January 1800 taken by a Spanish 1st Rate, 80 gun and a frigate, 32 guns off Cuba, while on a passage from London to Jamaica and taken to Havana.
Then she disappears in history.
Tonnage 799 tons, dim. 116.7 x 35.11 x 14.9ft.

VROUWE AGATHA: (Lady Agatha). Built ?, she was hired by the Chamber of the VOC of Amsterdam.
Tonnage 900 ton.
22 November 1794 she sailed from Batavia under command of Capt. Herman Pieter Murk, crew ?
On board was a cargo with a total value of 115.960 Dutch Guilders.

SURCHEANCE: Bought in 1786.
Tonnage 768 ton.
Sailed 22 November 1794 from Batavia under command of Capt. Christiaan Zummack, crew ?
Cargo on board with a total value of 81.527 Dutch Guilder.
1795 The SURCHEANCE was lost on her voyage between St Helena and the U.K.

Source: Van Compagnie naar Koopvaardij by Dr. E S van Eyck van Heslinga. Log Book Volume 14 page 234. http://www.bweaver.nom.sh/brooke/brooke_ch8.html Ships of the East India Company by Rowan Hackman.
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