AMERICA II (US 46) yacht

The AMERICA II (US 46) was nominated as official team challenger and the only yacht which took part in the America’s Cup Louis Vuitton Challenge’s Race in Freemantle, Australia.
AMERICA II (US 46) was one of the three 12-metres yacht all named AMERICA II only the sail number was different, the others carried the No. US 42 and 44. Which yacht is depict on the stamp is difficult to say, not a sail number is visible, all were in Freemantle but the US 46 was the only yacht used in the Challenge Race, the other two yachts were used for training.
All three yachts were built as a 12-metre yacht by the Williams & Manchester Shipyard in Newport, Rhode Island for the America II Syndicate USMMA Foundation, representing the New York Yacht Club.
The US 46 was designed by Sparkman & Stephens, M.W. Langan.
Built in 1986.
Displacement 27.3 ton, dim. 19.72 x 3.35 x 2.62m, (draught), length on waterline 13.68m.
Sail area 140.64 m².
After completing she was shipped to Australia, the last of the AMERICA II yachts to arrive.
She sailed under skipper John Kolius in the Louis Vuitton Races, she did not reach the semi-finals.
After the America Cup the AMERICA II (US 46) was shipped back to the United States.
1989 Sold to Lennard A. Gulson at San Diego CA, USA. She was used in the movie “Wind” under the name FIDDLER.
1993 Sold to US 46 LLC (Alfred B. Van Liew), Newport, R.I. still named FIDDLER.
2005 Sold to Scott MacLeod in CT, USA, renamed again in AMERICA II.
2006 Sold to Manhattan Sailing Club, Manhattan, NY, USA not renamed. She was bought by members of that club to celebrate the club’s 20th anniversary, she was donated by the members in 2012 to the New York Harbor Sailing Foundation.
2014 Still owned by the Foundation and used for sailing with paying passengers in New York harbour.
Solomon Island 1987 $1 sg570a, scott570g.
Belize 1987 25c sg985, scott?
Source: http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05347.html Internet

CRUSADER / WHITE CRUSADER

The 12m yacht CRUSADER was built by Cougar Marine for the British America’s Cup Challenges PLC, representing the Royal Thames Yacht Club.
The yacht was designed by Ian Howlett.
February 1986 launched at Hamble, U.K as the CRUSADER (I), the yacht was christened by HRH Princess Diana.
Displacement 26 ton, dim. 1981 x 3.81 x 2.71m. (draught), length on waterline 13.77m.
Sail area 164.55m²
She was built for the contest of the 1987 America Cup in Fremantle, Australia.
1986 Renamed in WHITE CRUSADER after the sponsor of the yacht bought the whisky brand “White Horse”.
Under skipper Harald Cudmore the yacht made it to the sixth place.
1988 Was she chartered to V. Bandolowski in Lulea, Sweden and renamed HOLGER DANSKE.
1993 Sold to Richard Matthews in Ipswich, U.K. and renamed again CRUSADER.
Some time she was fitted out with an engine and had some accommodation.
2001 The engine and accommodation were removed and went back to full 12-Metre racing.
2014 Still owned by the Matthews and used for racing.
Solomon Islands 1986 $1 sg570a, scott574.
Belize 1987 $4 sg988, scott
Sources: Various internet sites.

IMPROVEMENT SUEZ CANAL

A new stamp was issued by the Egypt Post in 2014 for the improvement of the Suez Canal, but the design shows a lock in the Panama Canal.
The stamp was withdrawn after the mistake was detected, how many there have been issued is unknown.
The vessels depict on the stamp, the warship looks she is one of the Type 42 of the Royal Navy but which ship of the class is unknown. The other ships till so far not identified.

COURAGEOUS yacht

Built as a 12 meter yacht by Minneford’s Yacht Yards, City Island, New York for the Courageous Syndicate, New York.
June 1974 launched as COURAGEOUS.
Displacement 25,4 ton, dim. 20.10 x 3.73 x 2.73m. (draught, length on waterline 13.60m.
Sail area 151 m²
Crew 11.

COURAGEOUS is a 12-metre class yacht. She was the third boat to win the America's Cup twice, in 1974 and 1977, after COLUMBIA in 1899 and 1901, and INTRPID in 1967 and 1970. All three of these boats won for the New York Yacht Club and thus the United States. COURAGEOUS was the first all-aluminium-hulled 12-metre class yacht.
COURAGEOUS successfully defended the America's Cup for the USA in 1974 with Ted Hood at the helm. After the 1974 cup, Hood built a new boat which he thought was faster than COURAGOUS and sold COURAGOUS to Ted Turner. Turner won the 1977 America's Cup defender trials in COURAGEOUS beating Hood in the process, and then went on to successfully defend the America's Cup later that year.
When preparing COURAGEOUS for the 1977 America's Cup, she was re-measured for compliance with the 12-metre class rule. It was discovered that she was lighter than the weight declared in her original racing certificate for the 1974 America's Cup. Less weight typically means a faster performance in lighter winds and a slower performance in stronger winds. If COURAGEOUS had been found to be underweight before the competition in 1974 then the designers would have had to make adjustments to sail area, the waterline length, or other attributes to make the design comply with the 12-metre rule. If COURAGEOUS was found to be underweight during the event she would have been disqualified. It is only conjecture what effect this oversight had on the result of the 1974 event.
1979 Renamed in COURAGEOUS II.
1984 Owned again by Courageous Syndicate Inc., Short Beach CT, USA., renamed COURAGES III.
1986 Renamed in COURAGEOUS IV.
1993 Renamed again in COURAGOUS and owned by Courageous Sailing Center in Charlestown MA, USA.
1996 Owned by US 26 Corporation, Wilmington, DE, USA not renamed.
Both COURAGEOUS and INTREPID are still sailing and racing today in Newport, Rhode Island. INTREPID is available for charter and COURAGEOUS is privately owned.
1997 Was she donated by Leonard Greene to the Museum of Yachting, Newport, Rhode Island.
2002 Restoration took place by Hinckley Yacht Services in Portsmouth, USA. Then owned by The Courageous Foundation Ltd., Newport, R.I.
2005 Designated by the State of Rhode Island as a State Yacht.
2014 Still owned by Courageous Foundation and regular used for races.

Solomon Islands 1986 18c sg570a, scott573h. $1 sg570a scott
Dominica 1987 $5 sgMS1056, scott1018.
Gambia 1987 1b sg701, scott673.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courageous_(yacht) http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05436.html Internet.

MARK TWAIN + steamboat

Acclaimed author and humorist Mark Twain is being honored by the U.S. Postal Service with the issuance of a commemorative Forever postage stamp in 2011.
Our literary tribute this year rightfully honors Mark Twain, author of one of the greatest novels in American literature and the man whom William Faulkner called ‘the first truly American writer,’ said Postal Service Board of Governors member James H. Bilbray. “Mark Twain was a rarity, as he was one of the first writers to exploit the vernacular voice in his books, using the speech of common Americans,” Bilbray said.
Joining Bilbray at the dedication ceremony will be Henry Sweets, curator for the Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum; Rachel Bringer, Circuit Judge, 10th Judicial Circuit, Hannibal MO; and David Martin, district manager, Gateway District, USPS.
Mark Twain (1835—1910), is the author of beloved works such as The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. His Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is widely considered one of the greatest novels in American literature. In this tale of an abused boy and a runaway slave who become friends while riding a raft down the Mississippi River, Twain addressed issues of race and racism in America with a frankness that is still startling more than a100 years later. Born Samuel Clemens, Mark Twain took his name from his time working as a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi.
The postage stamp portrait shows Twain as an older man; the steamboat in the background evokes a way of life along the Mississippi River that played a huge role in many of Twain’s works, as well as in his own life. Art director and stamp designer Phil Jordan collaborated with stamp artist Gregory Manchess, who based his portrait of Twain on a photograph taken around 1907.

USA 2011 Forever stamp sg?, scott? (the steamboat is not identified.)

http://about.usps.com/news/national-rel ... 11_076.htm

IMPOSSIBLE DREAM yacht

Three of the stamps feature young sailors who have already been successful in international events and are currently training for the Special Olympics in Athens this summer, which is the largest sporting event on Earth during 2011. 7,500 athletes from 185 nations will attend.
Sailability BVI is now a well-established program the object of which is to provide opportunities for young disabled persons to try their hand at sailing. It is affiliated to the Royal Yacht Association (RYA) in the UK and it was RYA Patron, HRH The Princess Royal, who opened the Watersports Centre in 2005.
The other three stamps feature Geoff Holt MBE, a quadriplegic, who was granted honorary “belonger” status in the BVI after he sailed across the Atlantic without assistance in 2010.
In presenting the stamps, Postmaster General Kevin Smith called Mr. Holt a symbol of tenacity and perseverance, and said he hopes the stamps would help inspire the people of the Virgin Islands to “make the seemingly impossible a reality”. In response, Geoff said he was pleased and humbled to be on a stamp, and joked that he thought it was an honour only granted to dead people. On two of the stamps, Mr. Holt is shown on his boat, IMPOSSIBLE DREAM. His trans-Atlantic journey ended in Cane Garden Bay, which was also where, in 1984, the injury that left him paralyzed from the chest down took place.
IMPOSIBLE DREAM a catamaran type sail yacht special built for the disabled which is wheelchair accessible.
Built by Multimarine Composites at Millbrook, U.K. for Mike Brown in 2003, the yacht was designed by Nic Bailey. Owned by the trust of the Charity Sporting Activities for the Disabled.
Launched as the IMPOSIBLE DREAM.
Displacement 29.7 ton, dim. 18.3 x 8.25 x 1.14m (draught).
Auxiliary powered by two 70hp Volvo diesels.
IMPOSSIBLE DREAM is unlike any other boat ever made. Built in the United Kingdom and designed by British architect Nic Bailey (co-architect of the famous London Eye), the cat was commissioned by Mike Browne, the founder of an outdoor clothing company who became a paraplegic after a skiing accident in 1998. It was later used as an adventure platform for British yachtsman Geoff Holt, who was paralyzed in a diving accident in 1984. Holt went on to circumnavigate the United Kingdom on the boat, and in 2010, he became the first disabled sailor to cross the Atlantic. Holt has moved on to bigger things and thanks to generous philanthropist Deborah Mellen, IMPOSSIBLE DREAM is now in Miami, where Horgan and his crew at “Shake-A-Leg” at Miami will use it for their own adventure: making impossible dreams possible.
2014 Same name and owners and still based in Miami.

British Virgin Islands 2011 50c and $1.00 sg?, scott? (the 5c,20c, 23c and 40c shows also yachts but are not identified.)

http://www.practical-sailor.com/blog/-11348-1.html Info from the BVI post website. Internet.

VOILE (SAIL)

For the sailing sport (I believe) this stamp was issued in 2011 by St Pierre et Miquelon, the two yachts are not identified. More info on the stamp issue is welcome.

St Pierre et Miquelon 2011 1.05 Euro sg?, scott?
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GENERAL GODDARD

The full index of our ship stamp archive

GENERAL GODDARD

Postby shipstamps » Sun Nov 02, 2008 4:28 pm


Click image to view full size
St Helena did issue a 6p stamp on 17 December 1973, which shows use the British East Indiaman GENERAL GODDARD, which captured seven Dutch East Indiamen off St Helena.
In June 1795 news reached St Helena that the Dutch Revolutionary Party had joined France in the war against England.
Captain William Taylor Money was at St Helena at that time with the GENERAL GODDARD during his fifth voyage from India.
In haste he fitted his ship out for battle, to intercept a Dutch merchant fleet known to be nearing the island.
The GENERAL GODDARD got help from the HMS SCEPTRE a 3rd Rate 64 gun ship, and the packet SWALLOW.

18 May 1795 a Dutch fleet of 16 VOC ships sailed from the Cape, escorted by two warships the SCIPIO and KOMEET bound for the Netherlands. Due to bad weather and adverse winds, eight ships returned to the Table Bay where she arrived on 20 May. One day later the eight ships sailed out again, but had lost the contact with the convoy.
14 June 1795 were these 8 ships captured by the British ships off St Helena. (Not much is given in the Dutch books I have on the VOC about this loss)

The HMS SCEPTER under command of Captain Essington arrived at St Helena in May with a convoy of homebound ships, and she brought the news that armies of France had overran the Netherlands.
Then the packet SWALLOW arrived on 2 June from the Cape with the news that an important Dutch convoy was underway from the Cape to the Netherlands.
Capt Essington made a request to the Governor of St Helena that some of the East Indiamen of the company could be put under his orders, to assist them in the search and capturing of the Dutch convoy.
The MANSHIP, GENERAL GODDARD and the SWALLOW were put under his command, and some troops from the island embarked on this vessels.
03 June this small squadron sailed out and the search for the Dutch convoy began. Five other East Indiamen were prepared to join the squadron, the ASIA, LORD HAWKESBURY, ESSEX, AIRLY CASTLE and BUSBRIDGE. All available space on the island was loaded with the goods unladed from the ships, even the church was used.

The LORD HAWKESBURY, after sailing and in an attempt to weather the island, split her sails, and returned to St Helena. The ESSEX got also in problems when her fore-top-mast sprung. The BUSBRIDGE was the only ship what made contact with the squadron.

10 June one of the ships of the Dutch fleet the HOUGLY was seized and send to the roads of St Helena accompanied by the SWALLOW, after she delivered her at the roads the SWALLOW returned to the squadron with a number of additional seamen to reinforce the squadron.
The weather was not so good; a lot of gales and the MANSHIP and BUSBRIDGE lost the contact with the squadron.
On the afternoon of 14 June, seven sails were sighted on the weather bow, steering down before the wind.
GENERAL GODDARD sailed through the Dutch convoy on about 01.00 a.m. and was fired at, without returning fire.
The next morning at day-break, the Dutch fleet was still on the starboard bow of the HMS SCEPTRE and SWALLOW, and at 07.00 a.m. she displayed Dutch colours, whilst their commodore fired a gun to leeward. This was repeated by the SCEPTRE, and Capt. Essington supposed it would be followed by
‘heaving to’ of the Dutch ships, but the Dutch ships sailed on, three shots fired by the SCEPTRE ahead of the Dutch convoy did not give the result the British hoped for.
A signal was given to the GENERAL GODDARD to chase the Dutchmen to the SCEPTRE, when the GENERAL GODDARD instantaneously appeared under a cloud of canvas and was laid alongside the Dutch commodore ship ALBLASSERDAM who from her imposing appearance thought that she was a warship, and the ALBLASSERDAM followed Money’s directions to bear down.
The Dutch crews of the other ships fired several shots to the SCEPTRE and at the boats that were sent out with boarding parties. After the SCEPTRE did give a few broadsides the Dutch surrendered. At the same time the ASIA and BUSBRIDGE arrived and all seven Dutch vessels were boarded and taken as a prize, without the loss of any person.
All the ships came to anchor in the night of 17 June on the road of St Helena.
01 July the SCEPTRE with her prizes and British convoy sailed for England, the prizes arrived at Shannon, Ireland, where she were sold. The ZEELELIE (not visible on stamp) which had attempted to escape was wrecked off the Scilly Islands that year.

A painting, which depicts this battle, was made by the British artist Thomas Luny (1759 – 1837) for Captain Money of the GENERAL GODDARD (other source gives the painting was made for Robert Wigram the owner); the painting is now in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
After this painting the stamp is designed. Not the complete painting is shown but only the central portion of the painting.
The ZEELELIE and HMS SCEPTRE and the packet SWALLOW are not shown on the stamp.
The GENERAL GODDARD, in foreground of stamp, with the six remaining Dutch ships, which can be seen in the background of the stamp.

The VOC ships taken were used regular between Holland and the Far East after she were built, the URL gives a search engine for the VOC ships http://www.inghist.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten/DAS/search for more information on the voyages.
The SURCHEANCE is not given, so most probably she was never used from Holland, or a hired vessel.

ALBLASSERDAM: Named after a town in the Netherlands. Built in 1782 on the yard of the VOC at Zeeland for the Chamber of the VOC at Amsterdam.
1150 ton.
She sailed from Ceylon in 1795, with a cargo on board with a total value of 457.491 Dutch Guilder, under command of Capt. Klaas Keuken, with on board 165 persons, one died during the voyage and 11 disembark at the Cape.

MENTOR: Built on the VOC yard of Zeeland in 1789 for the Chamber of the VOC in Zeeland.
Tonnage 560 ton.
Sailed from Batavia on 22 November 1794, with a cargo on board with a total value of 61.361 Dutch Guilder. She was under command of Capt. Ulke Barendsz with on board 50 persons.

(I believe this MENTOR is also depict on the British Indian Ocean Territory stamp issued in 1999 60p sg 229, not any MENTOR is mentioned in Rowan Hackman book on the “Ships of the East India Company”. The year on the stamp is the same as when the MENTOR was built)

MEERMIN: (Mermaid). Built in 1782 at the VOC yard at Amsterdam for the Chamber of the VOC at Amsterdam.
Tonnage 500 ton.
Sailed in 1795 from Batavia under command of Capt. Gerard Ewoud Overbeek with on board 40 persons.

DORDWIJK: Built in 1787 in Rotterdam for the Chamber of the VOC of Delft/Rotterdam.
Tonnage 800 ton
22 November 1794 she sailed from Batavia under command of Capt. Hendrik Willem Ketjen with on board 40 persons.

GENERAL GODDARD:
Built in 1782 by Randall, Rotherhite for William Money.
30 January 1782 launched under the name GENERAL GODDARD.
She made her first voyage under command of Captain Thomas Foxall for the British East India Company to Bombay, she made three voyages more to India, before she was sold in 1790 to Robert Wigram.
Her next voyage to Bengal was under command of Capt. Thomas Wakefield, thereafter she made a voyage under command of Captain W.T.Money, and during this voyage she assisted HMS SCEPTRE in the capture of seven Dutch East Indiamen off St Helena.
Thereafter she made one more voyage under command of Captain Thomas Graham from 1796 till 1798 to the Coromandel Coast and Bengal.
1798 After her arrival back in England, sold as a West Indiamen for the trade to the West Indies.
January 1800 taken by a Spanish 1st Rate, 80 gun and a frigate, 32 guns off Cuba, while on a passage from London to Jamaica and taken to Havana.
Then she disappears in history.
Tonnage 799 tons, dim. 116.7 x 35.11 x 14.9ft.

VROUWE AGATHA: (Lady Agatha). Built ?, she was hired by the Chamber of the VOC of Amsterdam.
Tonnage 900 ton.
22 November 1794 she sailed from Batavia under command of Capt. Herman Pieter Murk, crew ?
On board was a cargo with a total value of 115.960 Dutch Guilders.

SURCHEANCE: Bought in 1786.
Tonnage 768 ton.
Sailed 22 November 1794 from Batavia under command of Capt. Christiaan Zummack, crew ?
Cargo on board with a total value of 81.527 Dutch Guilder.
1795 The SURCHEANCE was lost on her voyage between St Helena and the U.K.

Source: Van Compagnie naar Koopvaardij by Dr. E S van Eyck van Heslinga. Log Book Volume 14 page 234. http://www.bweaver.nom.sh/brooke/brooke_ch8.html Ships of the East India Company by Rowan Hackman.
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