Built as a J-class yacht under yard No 405 by Camper and Nicholsons, Gosport, Hampshire, U.K. for Sir Thomas Sopwith.
Designed by Charles Ernest Nicholson.
Steel hull with a wooden superstructure.
April 1934 launched as the ENDEAVOUR K 4.
Displacement143 tons, dim. 39.47 x 6.71 x 4.50m. (draught), length on waterline 25.38m.
Sail area 702.44 m².
ENDEAVOUR is a 130-foot (40 m) J-class yacht built for the 1934 America's Cup by Camper and Nicholson in Gosport, Portsmouth Harbour, England. She was built for Thomas Sopwith who used his aviation design expertise to ensure the yacht was the most advanced of its day with a steel hull and mast. She was launched in 1934 and won many races in her first season including against the J's VELSHEDA and SHAMROCK V. She failed in her America's Cup challenge against the American defender RAINBOW but came closer to lifting the cup than any other until AUSTRALIA II succeeded in 1983.
ENDEAVOUR pioneered the Quadrilateral genoa, a twin clewed headsail offering great sail area and consequent power. This design is still in use in the J's today. The boat also featured a larger and improved spinnaker. However, the campaign was blighted by a strike of Sopwith's professional crew prior to departing for America. Forced to rely mainly on keen amateurs, who lacked the necessary experience, the campaign failed. This was one of the most contentious of the America's cup battles and prompted the headline: "Britannia rules the waves and America waives the rules."
Following the America's Cup she dominated the British sailing scene until, whilst being towed across the Atlantic to Britain in September 1937, she broke loose from her tow and was feared lost. She was eventually found and returned to England where she was laid up. For 46 years ENDEAVOUR languished through a variety of owners. In 1947, she was sold for scrap, saved only a few hours before her demolition was due. In the 1970s she sank in the River Medina, Isle of Wight. She was purchased for ten pounds and patched up enough to refloat. Until the mid-1980s she was on shore at Calshot Spit, an ex-seaplane base on the edge of the New Forest, Southern England. By this time she was in a desperate state, with only the hull remaining, lacking rudder, mast and keel.
In 1984 ENDEAVOUR was bought by Elizabeth Meyer, who undertook a five-year project to rebuild her. The initial work was undertaken where she lay to ensure that the hull was sufficiently seaworthy to be towed to the shipyard of Royal Huisman, in Holland, who designed and installed a new rig, engine, generator and mechanical systems and fitted the interior to a very high standard. ENDEAVOUR sailed again, on 22 June 1989, for the first time in 52 years.
She was fitted out with a one Caterpillar diesel 362 hp., and could berth 8 guest and 7 crew.
Elizabeth Meyer sold ENDEAVOUR to Dennis Kozlowski for US$15M in 2000. She was again sold in 2006 for a reputed $13.1M to Hawaii resident Cassio Antunes.
After her rebuild she cruised extensively and in 1999 joined the rebuilt VELSHEDA and SHAMROCK V to compete in the Antigua Classics Regatta.
2014 Still owned by the Antunes family and is also for charter.
Homeport George Town, Cayman Islands.
Grenada 1987 $1.10 sg1613, scott1493
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endeavour_(yacht) Various Internet sites.
18 May 1942 launched under the name AGIR.
Tonnage 676 gross, 199 net. Dim. 186.0 x 29.1ft.
Powered by a 9-cyl. Sulzer diesel engine, ?hp, speed ?.
After the war taken by the United Kingdom and brought to England.
Rebuilt in a salvage tug, renamed HERCULES in 1949.
1950 Based at Gibraltar.
1954 Sold to Denizicilik Bankasi T.A.O., Kurturlu A.S., Istanbul, renamed in HORA.
From 1954 till 1958 as salvage tug at Büyükedere, Turkey.
From 1958 till 1968 as salvage tug at Izmir, Turkey.
1968 Taken over by the Port Authorities of Izmir and used as stationary pilot boat by Izmir port.
1970 Sold to Maden Tetkik Arama, and rebuild in an oceanographic survey vessel, the company is controlled by the Turkish Government.
Renamed in MTA SISMIK-I.
Tonnage 750 gross, 275 net, 353 dwt. Dim. 56.75 x 8.87 x 3.96m. (draught)
Powered by one Nohab-Polar diesel, 1.050 hp., one propeller, speed 13 knots.(most probably her engine then also replaced)
Bunker capacity 100 tons.
Number of berths total for 42 persons.
1972 She came in the news when there was a conflict between Greece and Turkey over coastal waters around Greek islands near the Turkish coast. The MTA SISMIK-I sailed then to these waters under escort of Turkish destroyers to carry out some survey work.
2006 given by http://www.equasis.org IMO No. 5154806, owned and managed by MTA Enstitusu at Istanbul.
Call sign TCVR.
Source: Lloyds Register 1955/56. Navicula. Some web-sites.