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PHARAOH NECHO ships 600 B.C.

Somewhere between the years 610 and 594 B.C. some Phœnician ships, acting under instructions from Pharaoh Necho, who reigned from 612-596 BC, are said to have circumnavigated Africa, having proceeded from the Indian to the Southern Ocean, and thence round by the Atlantic and through the Pillars of Hercules home. The voyage occupied more than two years, a circumstance which was due to the fact that they always landed in the autumn and sowed a tract of country with corn, and waited on shore till it was fit to cut. In the time of Solomon the joint fleets of the Israelites and Phœnicians made voyages from the head of the Red Sea down the coasts of Arabia and Eastern Africa, and even to Persia and Beluchistan, and probably also to India. The Phœnicians were not only great traders themselves, but they manned the fleets of other nations, and built ships for other peoples, notably for the Egyptians and Persians. It is unfortunate that we have so few representations of the Phœnician ships, but we are justified in concluding that they were of the same general type as those which were used by the Greeks, the Carthaginians, and eventually by the Romans. The representations of their vessels known to be in existence were found by the late Sir Austin Layard in the palace built by King Sennacherib at Kouyunjik, near Nineveh, about 700 B.C. Though they were obviously rather symbols of ships than faithful representations, we can, nevertheless, gather from them that the warship was a galley provided with a ram, and fitted with a mast carrying a single square sail; there were also two banks of oars on each side. The steering was accomplished by two large oars at the stern, and the fighting troops were carried on a deck or platform raised on pillars above the heads of the rowers.

The vessel depict on the stamp is an Egyptian vessel from around 1600 BC and not one from around 600 BC see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14305&p=16144&hilit=ancient+Egyptian+ship#p16144
Source: ... tm#Page_27
Uganda 1989 150s sg 765, scott722

Hermes, Gypsey Schooner and Belle Poule.

HMS HERMES was a 20-gun class sixth-rate post ship built in Milford Dockyard in 1811. On 11 February 1812 Hermes captured the American brig Flora. Then on 26 April Hermes captured the American brig Tigress. Four days later, HERMES and BELLE POULE captured the American privateer schooner GIPSY (or Gipsey). She was on her way from New York City to Bordeaux with a cargo worth ₤50,000 when the British vessels captured her in the mid-Atlantic after a three-day chase. Gipsey surrendered twice to Hermes and twice got away again before Belle Poule caught her. Gipsey was of 300 tons (bm) and was armed with twelve 18-pounder carronades and an 18-pounder gun on a pivot mount.In September 1814, master Percy led her in an unsuccessful attack on Fort Bowyer. The Louisiana State Museum has a map of the battle. The attack took place on 15 September at about 4:30pm. Two of the four British vessels could not get close enough to fire. The fort was more strongly armed than expected, the British fire was ineffective, and a parallel ground attack failed. Furthermore, as she tried to withdraw, Hermes grounded under the guns of the fort. Percy evacuated her crew on boats from Sophie and then set fire to Hermes, which blew up after the fire reached her magazine at around 10pm. In all, Hermes had lost 17 killed in action, 5 mortally wounded and 19 wounded. (The medical journal of the Hermes has survived. ) She was destroyed in 1814 to prevent her falling into American hands after grounding during her unsuccessful attack on Fort Bowyer on Mobile Pointoutside Mobile, Alabama. On 18 January 1815, Percy faced a court martial on board Cydnus, off Cat Island (Mississippi). The court acquitted him of all blame, finding that the circumstances justified the attack and that all involved had behaved with great gallantry. HMS BELLE POULE was a Royal Navy fifth rate frigate, formerly Belle Poule, a Virginie-class frigate of the French Navy, which was built by the Crucy family's shipyard at Basse-Indre to a design by Jacques-Noël Sané. She was launched on 17 April 1802, and saw active service in the East, but in 1806 a British squadron under Sir John Borlase Warren captured her off La Palma in the Canary Islands. The Admiralty commissioned her into the Royal Navy as HMS Belle Poule. At the time of her capture Belle Poule was armed with forty 18-pounder guns, had a crew of 320 men, and was under the command of Captain Brouillac. Marengo and Belle Poule had lost 65 men killed and 80 wounded. The British on London and Amazon had 13 officers and men killed and 26 officers and men wounded. Belle Poule returned to Portsmouth on 17 May 1815. A week later she sailed for Cork. She was converted to a prison hulk in 1815. She was sold on 11 June 1816 for ₤2,700. The design stamp is made after painting of John Bentham Dinsdale: “Hermes, Gypsey Schooner and Belle Poule”.
Somali 2017;


The sixth issue from Maritime Malta series consists of 3 stamps featuring vessels dating back to the Order of Saint John.

For many years, warships, such as the galley, were used by the Mediterranean naval powers. In fact this type of ship served for many years as the backbone of the Navy of the Order of Saint John. The Galley was characterised by its long, slender and shallow hull. These vessels were usually painted red with a white waterline and while most vessels at the time had sails, however the primary method of propulsion was the human strength of prisoners.

The 26c stamp depicts a model of the common galley, also known as Sensile. This was armed with five bronze cannon on the bow and propelled by 26 oars on each side. Three to five people were needed for each oar and this vessel was also rigged with two lateen sails. This model is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum.

The 42c Stamp depicts a model known as the Demi Galley or the Half Galley. This was introduced in 1742 and was a smaller version of the common galley. The development of this galley came at the time when availability of prisoners as oarsmen was scarce hence the smaller number of rowers needed. This galley was equipped with one large calibre bronze cannon on the bow. This model is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum and it is considered as the only surviving Demi Galley model known.

The 1 stamp shows a model of a brigantine. This was the ceremonial barge of the Portuguese Grand Master Antonio Manoel de Vilhena and was painted green with a white waterline. It was fitted with nine oars on each side and was not designed for long voyages, with storage space kept at a minimum. It is documented that Grand Master de Vilhena travelled to Gozo in this vessel. This model underwent extensive restoration in 1964 and it is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum.

Source: Joseph Abela (Heritage Malta) ... sues%2fphi
Malta 2018 0.26/1.00 Euro sg?, scott? (The 1.00 Euro has the year 2019 printed on it)


Antigua & Barbuda issued in 1988 a set of stamps and a miniature sheet for the “Sailing week yacht regatta 1988”. All stamps and sheet shows sailing yachts of which I have not any information. Of the regatta Wikipedia has the following:

Antigua and Barbuda Sailing Week is a yacht regatta held at Nelson's Dockyard, St. Johns, Antigua. It is one of Antigua's most notable events. Founded in 1967, it is cited as one of the top regattas in the world and attracts an average 150-200 yachts, 1500 participants and 5000 spectators on average annually. In 2012 the regatta was held between 29 April and 4 May. In 2005, 24 countries were represented at the regatta. There are five main races held, including the English Harbour race, and at the end of the week the event finishes with the Lord Nelson's Ball.
Antigua & Barbuda 1988 30c/$5 sg 1190/93 and sgMS 1194, Scott 1112/16


Norfolk Island has not a deep water harbour, ships are required to anchor about a kilometre or so off shore. The cargo is then transferred from the hold of the ship to lighters. The 30 feet lighters, which are a local adaption of wooden whaling boats, are then towed by launch to the jetty.
Of the whalers used on Norfolk Island after which the lighters were built see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=13176&p=14506&hilit=blessing+of+the+whalers#p14506

Loading jetties are located at Kingston and Cascade, but ships cannot get close to either of them. When a supply ship arrives, it is emptied by whaleboats towed by launches, five tonnes at a time. Which jetty is used depends on the prevailing weather on the day. The jetty on the leeward side of the island is often used. If the wind changes significantly during unloading/loading, the ship will move around to the other side. Visitors often gather to watch the activity when a supply ship arrives.

Much more is given on the following URL: ... nic-fleet/ ... olk_Island
Norfolk Island 1988 39 and 55c sg452/53, scott?. 1990 5c and10c sg483/84, scott?. 1993 45c sg 541, scott? 1996 $3.70 sg627, scott?, and 45c sg 629, scott? 2000 sgMS 731, scott? 2001 45c/$1.50 sg?, scott?


The Isle of Man issued two stamps in 1974 for the 1000th centenary of King Magnus Haraldson.

Under which name he was known has in the years many times spelled differently in the documents, but most probably it was King Magnus Haraldson, when born is also not known.
He was King of the Isle of Man and on the 8p stamp his fleet is seen. Twice in the year he sailed with this fleet of between 3600-4800 sails around the British Islands as admiral of the fleet to clear the waters around the islands from pirates especially the Danes and Normans. Also his coat of arms is depict on the stamp. Why are she rowing she are under sail, and why carry the shields outboard, so far I know the shields were only used during battle in this way, and clearly not a battle took place on this stamp.
The 4p stamp shows Magnus Haraldson in a stately barge with King Edgar of England on the River Dee in Wales. The skyline of the town in the background is of the town of Chester, a mistake has been made. The skyline of the town is from a drawing of the 14th century. Of the barge I have not any info, looks she is rowed by kings, all wearing a crown, King Edgar standing in the stern.
King Magnus Haraldson died in 977, but also other years have been given.

Source: Various internet sites.
Isle of Man 1974 4½p and 8p sg51/52, scott?

Atrato I

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Atrato I

Postby shipstamps » Thu Sep 25, 2008 5:08 pm

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First and most important of five ships launched for the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company during 1853-4, the Atrato was also the first iron ship built for the company and was remarkable for the fact that her size was determined by a set of engines built for another ship, the Demerera of 1851. They were never installed, but left in the workshops of Caird and Company, of Greenock. The Atrato was given the same breadth as the Demerera so that she could take the engines intended for that ship.
Unfortunately for the Royal Mail Company, the boilers intended for the Demerera, also lying unused, had become out of date, so the Atrato was given a new boiler installation of considerably higher steam pressure. The iron ship was also considerably larger than any of her wooden contemporaries, measuring 350 ft. overall and vastly superior to them in every way.
The Atrato had four decks, her spar deck being flush from stem to stern in accordance with her owners' usual practice. Nine pieces of iron formed the keel, and the stem and stern posts were cast in one piece, a revolutionary process in those days and a real masterpiece of engineering. The hull was divided into seven watertight compartments by strong iron bulkheads. She had a gross tonnage of 3,467, her speed was 14 knots and accommodation was provided for 224 first-class passengers.
Launched by Lady Octavia Shaw on April 26, 1853 from Caird's yard at Greenock, the Atrato was the finest ship in the Royal Mail fleet for some years. Commanded by Capt. F. Woolley, she sailed from Southampton on her maiden voyage to the West Indies on March 17, 1854. She was one of four Royal Mail ships to take part in the Naval Review held at Spithead on St. George's Day, April 23, 1856 as part of the peace celebrations after the Crimean War.
In 1866, after the formation of the Panama, New Zealand and Australian Royal Mail Company to carry mail and passengers from England to the Antipodes, via Panama, with transit across the isthmus by rail, the Atrato took the first sailing from Southampton, with through transit to New Zealand, via Australia, on June 2, 1866. The company proved unsuccessful and suspended operations in 1869 before going into voluntary liquidation,
Another incident in the career of the Atrato occurred on January 24, 1857. While homeward bound from St. Thomas, she fell in with an abandoned full-rigged ship. Her sails were in shreds, masts and rigging lay over her sides, her decks were awash and boats gone. After a boat had been lowered from the Atrato with her chief officer in charge, it was found that the derelict was the Rovers Pride, of St. John, N.B., a vessel of about 1,000 tons. She was left to her fate.
Later the same year the Atrato played a part in another sea drama. As she bore down on a sailing vessel, the Sarah and Dorothy, distress signals were hoisted from this ship. The sailing ship was
running short of rations, having three days earlier taken off the master, two mates, crew and passengers of the American ship Harkaway, which had caught fire and was destroyed after leaving Charleston on August 17, 1857.
This vessel had blazed for two days before being sighted by the Sarah and Dorothy and her whole complement saved. The rescue ship was severely overcrowded and was running short of provisions when the Atrato appeared and gladly relieved her of her burden.
Throughout her career of 17 years under the Royal Mail house-flag the Atrato proved to be a popular and successful ship. However with the advent of screw propulsion, few of the paddlers ran their full time of service and the Atrato was broken up in 1870. Her name was revived in 1888 with the appearance of a steel screw steamer built by R. Napier at Glasgow, which remained in service until 1912.
The stamp, by the way, shows her funnels as red, although at that particular period in the history of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company the funnels of its ships were black.
In the August issue of Sea Breezes I stated that the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company's paddle steamer Atrato was broken up in 1870, my authority for the statement being the official centenary history of the company. It would seem however that this is not correct. Possibly the author assumed that she was broken up because there were no further records of her in the company's archives or perhaps he intended to say that she was sold out of the company's service in 1870.
A search through the successive editions of Lloyd's Register from the year the paddle steamer was built until she ended her service with the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company reveals no mention of the Arrato. She first appears in the Register in 1872, under the ownership of J. Morrison, of London, and it would seem that she was not classified until then. Morrison sold her in 1879-80 to H. T. Horn, who in turn sold her to Adamson and Ronaldson a year later, when her name was changed to Rochester. According to the 1872 Register her dimensions were 335 ft. 9 ins, by 42 ft. 4 ins, by 31 ft. 9 ins., and her tonnages were: gross 3,184, net 2,051 and underdeck 2,324 tons. She had four decks.
A comparison with the information given by Mr. Bushell in his book shows that he described the Atrato as having four decks and her overall length was increased to 350 ft. This tallies with the dimensions given in 1872, which give registered length as distinct from overall length. The Atrato mentioned in Lloyd's from 1872 onwards was built at Caird and Company's yard, Greenock, in 1853, and it seems obvious that there were not two vessels of the same name built at the same time in the same shipyard.
At some time in her career she was converted from paddle to screw propulsion and Lloyd's show the machinery as built by J. Watt and Company, London. The fact that her engines were changed would account for the difference in gross tonnage, 3,467 as a paddler to 3,184 as a screw steamer.
SG203 Sea Breezes 8/66 and 10/66
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Re: Atrato I

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Thu Feb 22, 2018 7:39 pm

atrato f.jpg
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On June 25th, 1884, the British passenger/cargo ship ROCHESTER, built in 1853 by J. Caird & Co. and owned by Adamson & Ronaldson, was wrecked on Stag Rock, Spring Bay, Patagonia (?).
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