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Battle between HMS Frolic and U.S.S.Wasp 1812

Escorted by the Cruizer class brig-sloop H.M.S. Frolic, a convoy of fourteen British merchant vessels departed the Gulf of Honduras on 12 September 1812, bound for England. Frolic was under the command of Thomas Whinyates.
On 16 October, about 300 miles north of Bermuda, the convoy was scattered by a strong gale. Frolic suffered damage to her rigging, the main yard being carried away. October 17 saw Frolic's crew making good her repairs, and as darkness fell she was re-joined by six of her merchant charges.
Meanwhile, the American sloop of war U.S.S.Wasp had departed the Delaware River on 13 October, running south-east to intercept ships sailing between Great Britain and the West Indies. Wasp had also suffered in the same gale by losing her jib boom. At 11:30 pm on 17 October, the crew of the U.S.S. Wasp alerted their Commander, Jacob Jones, to several vessels sailing downwind to the leeward. The wily Jones stayed his distance until dawn, when he identified them as merchantmen surrounding a Royal Navy brig.
By now the weather had improved, but there was still a strong wind blowing and a fretful sea. Both vessels shortened sail and prepared for action. The crew of Frolic took down the jury mainyard, lashing it tightly to the deck. Since both vessels carried a main armament of short-range carronades, there was no attempt at manoeuvering to gain advantage before the fight; instead, they closed to "within hail", opening fire at 11:30 am, with U.S.S. Wasp to starboard and H.M.S. Frolic positioned to port.
Wasp 's crew fired low into their opponent's hull, whilst Frolic 's gunners fired high into the enemy's rigging in an attempt to destabilise it. The furious action continued, the ships closed, and the American gunners struck Frolic's sides with their rammers.
After just twenty minutes, Wasp 's rigging suffered serious damage, with the main topmast, the mizzen topgallant mast and the gaff being shot away. Virtually every brace was severed, now rendering the ship unmanageable. Frolic suffered even more, with the crew sustaining heavy casualties. Both vessels were now effectively unmanageable. Suddenly, Frolic collided with Wasp, which now fired a final devastating broadside. The superiority of American gunnery was widely accepted by both sides, although the Americans applauded the courageous fight put up by the British.
At precisely 11:52 am, American sailors boarded H.M.S. Frolic to discover half the crew either dead or wounded and all British officers dead. By contrast, the Americans had suffered just ten casualties.
Just after the fighting ceased, both the Frolic 's masts collapsed. An American prize crew boarded her and attempted to repair her rigging. A few hours later H.M.S. Poictiers hove into view, a British ship of the line commanded by Captain Sir John Beresford. Frolic was still rendered unmanageable, but with its damaged rigging U.S.S. Wasp was soon overtaken and she was forced to surrender in the face of impossible odds. Captain Beresford was expected to join the fleet blockading the American coast, but he now deemed it vital to marshal Frolic 's convoy for safe conduct to Bermuda.
Master Commandant Jacob Jones and his crew were soon to be released in a prisoner exchange. He was subsequently promoted and appointed to the command of U.S.S . Macedonian, which had been captured from the Royal Navy on 25th October. Jones later served as second in command to Commodore Isaac Chauncey, commander of the naval forces on Lake Ontario. H.M.S. Frolic was sadly broken up in November 1813, her severe damage rendering her incapable of ever fighting again, whilst Wasp briefly served in the Royal Navy as H.M.S. Peacock, she in turn being wrecked in 1814.
The design stamp is made after mirror painting of Roy Cross:”British brig the “Floric”,battles the American Cruiser “Wasp” 18 October 1812”
Mali 2017;500f; Naval Action Between U.S.S i Wasp i H.M.S. i Frolic i 18th October 1812 101.


Micronesia issued in 1997 a miniature sheet of the “Return of Hong Kong to China, in a continuous design, on the ms a Chinese junk is depict see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14069&p=15794#p15794

Micronesia 1997 60c sgMS/, scott 259 b,c,e,f.

HMS Shannon captures USS Chesapeake,1813

On 9 April 1813 the U.S. Frigate Chesapeake returned to Boston after a cruise against British commercial shipping. Over the next several weeks she was refitted and received a new Commanding Officer, the recently promoted Captain James Lawrence. Many of her officers were replaced and a large percentage of her crew was newly enlisted. Though the ship was a good one, with a well-seasoned Captain, time would be necessary to work her men into a capable and disciplined combat team. However, the time was not available. Blockading off Boston was HMS Shannon, commanded for the past seven years by Captain Philip Broke, whose attention to gunnery practice and other elements of combat readiness was extraordinary. Shannon and Chesapeake were of virtually identical strength, though the American ship's crew was rather larger, and a duel between the two was attractive to both captains. Broke even issued a formal challenge, though it did not reach Lawrence, whose previous experience with British warships had convinced him that they were not likely to be formidable opponents. Chesapeake left Boston Harbor in the early afternoon of 1 June 1813. The two ships sailed several miles offshore, where Shannon slowed to await her opponent, who approached flying a special flag proclaiming "Free Trade and Sailors' Rights" in recognition of America's prewar grievances against British policies. Though Lawrence had a brief opportunity to rake, he did not do so, but closed to place his port broadside against Shannon's starboard battery. Somewhat before 6 PM the ships opened fire, both hitting, but the British guns did more damage and produced crippling casualties on Chesapeake's quarterdeck. Captain Lawrence was mortally wounded by small arms fire and had to be taken below, giving his final order "Don't give up the ship!" The American ship was soon out of control. The two frigates came together. Captain Broke led his boarding party onto Chesapeake's quarterdeck, where they met fierce but disorganized resistance. Assisted by cannon and small arms fire from on board Shannon, they soon gained control above decks, though Captain Broke was badly wounded in the process. Some fifteen minutes after the battle began, Chesapeake was in British hands. Casulaties were heavy: more than sixty killed on Chesapeake; about half that many on Shannon. The latter's cannon had made more than twice as many hits, and her boarding party demonstrated decisive superiority in hand-to-hand fighting. The action, which greatly boosted British morale, provided another of the War of 1812's many convincing examples of the vital importance of superior training and discipline in combat on sea and land.
Mali 2017;840f;SG?

PK 10/130 UMS 1000 fire fighting boat

Ukraine issued in 2017 four stamps with firefighting craft of which one shows us a fire fighting and rescue boat in use in the Ukrainian waters.

The craft depict is the PK 10/130 (UMS 1000) which is sold by the Kompaniyatital 000 at Kiev. If they are the builder of the boat I am not sure, but I believe she are the agent for the builder.
Displacement 7000 kg. Full weight 3,500 kg. dim. 10.6 x 3.2 x 3.5m.
Powered by two Volvo Penta diesel engines each 330 hp, speed 45 knots.
For oil fighting she has a foam bag of 200 kg. and one fire pump.
Crew 8

Source: various internet sites.
Ukraine 2017 5k00 sg?, scott?

TRAUNSEE and paddlesteamer GISELA

By the issues is given:

About 35 Years UNPA at the Traunsee (1982 – 2017) - (Sheetlet Mint)
On 24 August 2017, UNPA will issue a personalized special event sheet celebrating “35 years UNPA at the Traunsee”. The sheet is composed of ten different € 0.68 denominated stamps. The stamps and the background image feature views of the Lake Traunsee, the City of Gmunden, the Castle “Schloss Ort” as well as the Villa Toscana. United Nations cancellations from the year 1982 are depicted on the tabs.

The sheetlet has three maritime theme stamps, Two stamps shows us a paddlesteamer on the lake and a sail-yacht of the latter I do not have any information. The paddlesteamer must be the GISELA, the only old paddlesteamer on the lake, comparing the stamps with photos of the GISELA she is the vessel.
Her details and history are given on: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12854&p=15702&hilit=gisela#p15702

United Nations 2017 0.68Euro sgMS?, scott?

Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil.1808

In 1807, at the outset of the Peninsular War, Napoleonic forces invaded Portugal due to the Portuguese alliance with the United Kingdom. The prince regent of Portugal at the time, John VI, had formally governed the country on behalf of Maria I of Portugal since 1799. Anticipating the invasion of Napoleon's army, John VI ordered the transfer of the Portuguese royal court to Brazil before he could be deposed. Setting sail for Brazil on November 29, the royal party navigated under the protection of the British Royal Navy, and eight ships of the line, five frigates, and four smaller vessels of the Portuguese Navy, under the command of Admiral Sir Sidney Smith. On December 5, almost halfway between Lisbon and Madeira, Sidney Smith, along with Britain's envoy to Lisbon, Lord Strangford, returned to Europe with part of the British flotilla. Graham Moore, a British sailor and career officer in the Royal Navy, continued escorting the Portuguese royal family to Brazil with the ships Marlborough, London, Bedford, and Monarch. On January 22, 1808, John and his court arrived in Salvador, Brazil. There, Prince John signed a law opening commerce between Brazil and "friendly nations" such as the United Kingdom. This new law, however, broke the colonial pact that had permitted Brazil to maintain direct commercial relations with Portugal only. Secret negotiations at London in 1807 by Portuguese ambassador Domingos António de Sousa Coutinho guaranteed British military protection in exchange for British access to Brazil's ports and to Madeira as a naval base. Coutinho's secret negotiations paved the way for Prince John's law to come to fruition in 1808. On March 7, 1808, the court arrived in Rio de Janeiro. On December 16, 1815, John created the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (Reino Unido de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves), elevating Brazil to the same rank as Portugal and increasing the administrative independence of Brazil. Brazilian representatives were elected to the Portuguese Constitutional Courts (Cortes Constitucionais Portuguesas). In 1815, in the aftermath of Napoleon's defeat and the meeting of the Congress of Vienna convened to restore European political arrangements, the Portuguese monarch declared Brazil a co-equal to Portugal to increase Portugal's bargaining power. In 1816, with the death of Queen Maria, Prince John became king of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. After several delays, the ceremony of his acclamation took place in Rio de Janeiro in 1818. Owing to the absence of the king and the economic independence of Brazil, Portugal entered a severe political crisis that obliged John VI and the royal family to return to Portugal in 1821, otherwise he risked loss of his Portuguese throne. The heir of John VI, Pedro I, remained in Brazil. The Portuguese Cortes demanded that Brazil return to its former status as a colony and the return of the heir to Portugal. Prince Pedro, influenced by the Rio de Janeiro Municipal Senate (Senado da Câmara), refused to return to Portugal during the Dia do Fico (January 9, 1822). Brazil declared its independence on September 7, 1822, forming the Empire of Brazil, ending 322 years of colonial dominance of Portugal over Brazil. Pedro was crowned the first emperor in Rio de Janeiro on October 12, 1822, taking the name Dom Pedro I.
Mali 2017;600f;SG? of the Portuguese Court to Brazil

Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

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Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby shipstamps » Tue Sep 09, 2008 3:36 pm

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On 26 August 1768 Lieutenant James Cook headed His Majesty's barque Endeavour, a converted Whitby collier crammed with 94 sailors and scientists, out of Portsmouth harbour. The purpose of Cook's voyage to the South Seas was to observe the transit of Venus from the vantage point of Tahiti and then to search the uncharted seas of the south Pacific for the undiscovered, and mythical, 'great south land'. Cook had many advantages that his predecessors had lacked. The British had discovered how to ward off scurvy, which had caused the painful deaths of so many long distance sailors. He was also equipped with a newly developed and highly accurate chronometer which allowed him to know with precision the longitudinal position of his ship.
After spending three and a half months in Tahiti, Cook sailed in search of the great south land. Despite venturing as far as 40 degrees south, where the seas tested the temper of the sailors and the sturdiness of the Endeavour, Cook failed to find it and turned towards the coast of New Zealand where he spent six months charting the coastline. He then headed for the replenishment port of Batavia in the Dutch East Indies by way of the east coast of New Holland. After sighting the south-east corner of New Holland, Cook sailed north along the coast searching for a suitable place to land to collect fresh water and wood. After two days he chanced upon a "Bay which appear'd to be tolerably well shelter'd from all winds". Cook's experience on the shores of' this bay, which he named Botany Bay because of its "great quantity of New Plants", provided such a stark contrast to the experience of Dampier that it convinced a later English government to establish a settlement there.

Further information:
ENDEAVOUR (50c) Captain James Cook's first voyage to New Zealand was made in the ENDEAVOUR. He sailed from England in August 1768 and his first landfall in 1769 was Poverty Bay on the east coast of the North Island.
The ship was a typical East Coast Collier, square rigged on all three masts with a spanker sail. It was bought by the British Navy specifically for the Cook voyage, accomodation was installed for the scientific party.
She was not a fast ship - her fastest speed was 8 knots running with the wind - but she had the advantage of being careened and beached easily for repairs; a most necessary feature for ships making such long voyages.
After the historic Cook voyage to New Zealand she was refitted and made four voyages to the Falkland Islands before being sold by the British Navy in 1775.
Log Book April 1990
New Zealand SG1542

Australia SG1511, 459-63,464 St Helena SG769, Tuvalu SG833, South Africa SG1114
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764

Postby john sefton » Wed Jun 03, 2009 6:09 pm

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Built 1764 by Fishburn, Whitby.
Six guns.
Dim 97'8"x81'x11'4".
Men 85. Guns 6x6pdr also 8 (later 4) x1/2pdr swivels.
Purchased 29.3.1768 (from Thos Milner for £2,212.15.6 for hull, + £56.17.10 for masts and spars). Reg 5.4.1768. Fitted at Deptford (for£5,394.15.4)1.4-20.7.1768.
Commissioned May 1768 under Lieut. James cook (-1771; sailed on his first voyage 26.7.1768; returned 12.6.1771 and paid off Aug 1771. Refitted at Deptford (for £2,615.0.8)7-10.1771.
Recommissioned Aug1771 under James Gordon (-1774); sailed for Falklands Is 8.11.1771. Refitted at Deptford (for £1,248.10.2)9-11.1772; sailed for North America 3.12.1772. Paid off Sept 1773.
Fitted as Store Ship (under AO22.11.1773) at Deptford (for £1,495.6.11)11-12.1773; recommissioned Nov 1773 (still under Gordon); sailed for North America 29.1.1774; paid off Oct 1774. Soldat Woolwich (for £645) 7.3.1775.
British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714-1792 by Rif Winfield
john sefton
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby Arturo » Sat Nov 22, 2014 8:43 pm

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HMS Endeavour

Samoa I Sisifo 1970, S.G.?, Scott: 332.
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Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2012 8:11 pm

Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby Arturo » Tue Apr 21, 2015 8:11 pm

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Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Gilbert Islands 1979, S.G.?, Scott: 321.
Posts: 723
Joined: Mon Feb 13, 2012 8:11 pm

Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue May 24, 2016 1:44 am

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Republic Democratic du Congo ? 25FC sg?, scott? (Fake or stamp??)
Australia 2001 $1.50 sg?, scott?
Sweden 2001 8kr sg?, scott?
French Polynesia 1968 60f sg?, scott?
Last edited by aukepalmhof on Wed Nov 15, 2017 11:45 pm, edited 3 times in total.
Posts: 5358
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby Anatol » Tue Mar 14, 2017 7:27 pm

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Endeavour HMS 1764
Djibouti 2015;1200f.
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Re: Endeavour HMS 1764 (Cook)

Postby aukepalmhof » Fri Nov 24, 2017 6:57 pm

endeavour botany bay.jpg
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1984 Captain Cook Botany Bay.jpg
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The stamp shows us Captain Cook in Australia with in the background HMS ENDEAVOUR during the flag hoisting, when Cook claims the country for Great Britain.

This is an engraving by Samuel Calvert of an oil painting which was exhibited at the 1866─1867 Melbourne Intercolonial Exhibition. The original painting, made by John Alexander Gilfillan once in the collection of the Royal Society of Victoria, is now lost. The Union Flag depicted in the illustration is an anachronism. It is a flag used after the union with Ireland in 1801, not the flag of 1770. Also, the ceremony being recorded actually took place on Possession Island; the artist seems to have erroneously depicted the scene at Botany Bay

Wikipedia give for this landing:
During his first voyage of discovery, British explorer, then Lieutenant James Cook sailed northwards along the east coast of Australia, landing at Botany Bay. Reaching the tip of Queensland, he named and landed on Possession Island, just before sunset on 22 August 1770, and declared the coast British territory in the name of King George III. Cook wrote in his journal: "I now once more hoisted English Coulers and in the Name of His Majesty King George the Third took possession of the whole Eastern the name New South Wales, together with all the Bays, Harbours Rivers and Islands situate upon the said coast."

Wikipedia gives for Botany Bay:
Lieutenant James Cook first landed at Kurnell, on the southern banks of Botany Bay, on Sunday 29 April 1770, when navigating his way up the east coast of Australia on his ship, HMS ENDEAVOUR. Cook's landing marked the beginning of Britain's interest in Australia and in the eventual colonisation of this new ‘southern continent’. Initially the name Sting Ray Harbour was used by Cook and other journal keepers on his expedition, for the stingrays they caught. That name was also recorded on an Admiralty chart. Cook's log for 6 May 1770 records "The great quantity of these sort of fish found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Stingrays Harbour". However, in the journal prepared later from his log, Cook wrote instead: (sic) "The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Botanist Botany Bay"

Source Internet.
Jersey 1984 31p sg349, scott?
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Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

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