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The double hulled tanker showed on this stamp is the MIKHAIL ULYANOV built under yard No 02750 by the Admiralty Shipyard in St Petersburg, Russia for Arctic-01 Shipping Ltd, Valletta, Malta. She was designed after plans made by Aker Arctic Technology Inc., Finland.
08 June 2007 laid down.
31 October 2008 launched by Mrs Yuliya Borisova a famous Russian actress, the ship was named MIKHAIL ULYANOV, named after a Russian theatre and cinema actor. One sister the KIRILL LAVROV. By launching her registry port was St Petersburg as seen on her launching photo’s
Tonnage 49,866 grt, 21,303 nrt, 69,830 dwt, dim. 258.75 x 34 x 21m., length bpp. 235,74m, draught 13.6m.
Cargo capacity 86,700 cubic metre.
Powered; diesel electric by 4 Wartsilä 6L 46C diesel engines, each 6,300 kW, two Azipod thrusters, speed 16 knots.
Ice strengthened
26 February 2010 delivered with homeport Limassol, Turkish Cyprus.

She is a double action vessel, when sailing in ice free waters she moves bow forward but when sailing in ice she is moving forward by her stern, and her stern can break through 1.2m. thick ice.
She is special built as a shuttle tanker for the Prirazlomnoye platform to transport her crude oil to Murmansk.
When MIKHAIL ULYANOV entered the port of Rotterdam in May 2014 with the first Russian Arctic oil for the port of Rotterdam, the police arrested 44 Greenpeace activists who were waiting for the arrival of the tanker, the tanker moored without problems in Rotterdam where her oil was discharged.
2015 In service, same name and owner, managed by Unicom Management Services (Saint Petersburg) Imo No. 9333670. Homeport now given as Bolshoy port of St Petersburg, with Russian registry.

Russia 2015 19R sg?, scott?
Source: http://www.equasis Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. ... l_ulyanov/

PRIRAZIOMNAYA oil-platform

Prirazlomnoe is the first and only field on the Russian Arctic shelf where oil production is carried out. This is the only project in the world, where production in the Arctic is performed with a stationary platform.

MIKHAUL ULYANOV Arctic Shuttle Tanker uses a double-action principle in its operation –its bow and stern are of an icebreaking form, which enables the ship to move through the ice. In winter, the ship can operate without being accompanied by an icebreaker while moving through ice up to 1.2 m thick.

Stamps depict the PRIRAZLOMNAYA platform in the ice and the MIKHAIL ULYANOV tanker.
Russian Post web-site.

The PRIRAZLOMNOE platform a watercraft but without tugs she can’t move. She was built on the HUTTON TLP tension leg platform which was built in the early 1980s at the Highland Fabricator’s Nigg yard at Tain, Scotland. More info is given by Wikipedia
2002 The tension leg platform was bought by the Russian Rosneft and towed to Murmansk where she was dismantled, the topsides were then towed to the FSUE Sevmash military shipyard in Severodvinsk for an upgrade. In the meantime the caisson was constructed by Sevmash as a number of caisson superblocks. The yard was also responsible for the offloading complex, platform towing and the accommodation module.
Many parts of the platform were built on other Russian yards.
All was installed in 2004.
Dimension 126 by 126 metre. She has a oil storage of 136,000 cubic metre, her daily production is 19,000 cubic metre.
Accommodation for 200 persons.
August 2011 towed by one icebreaker and three supply/tugs from the Zvezdochka Shiprepairing Centre, Murmansk to the Pechora Sea were she was positioned.
On 18 September 2013, Greenpeace's ship ARCTIC SUNRISE circled the Prirazlomnaya oil rig while three crew attempted to board the platform. In response, the Russian Coast Guard seized control of the ship and detained the activists. The ship was subsequently towed by a coastguard vessel to the Russian Arctic port of Murmansk. The crew consisted of thirty members from sixteen different nationalities. The Russian government has intended to charge the Greenpeace activists with piracy, which carries a maximum penalty of fifteen years of imprisonment. It was the stiffest response that Greenpeace has encountered from a government since the bombing of the RAINBOW WARRIOR in 1985, said Phil Radford, executive director of Greenpeace USA. The Netherlands launched legal action to free 30 Greenpeace activists charged in Russia with piracy. ARCTIC SUNRISE is a Dutch-flagged ship. Foreign Minister Frans Timmermans said the Netherlands had applied to the UN's Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, which resolves maritime disputes between states. The Netherlands view the ship's detention as unlawful. The ship and crew were some time later released by the Russian Government without a conviction.

December 1913 production on the platform commenced.

2015 In service, same name and working at the Prirazlomnaya oil-field.

Russia 2014 16p and MS sg?, scott? (In the margin of the MS is the same platform and tanker depict.)
Source: Wikipedia. ... azlomnove/ and various other web-sites,


The subject for this stamp has been chosen by the Uruguay Post by Dr. Juan Villegas (historian) through a stamp contest.
On December 15th, 1767 the packet ship LA PRINCESA departed from the port La Coruna, Galicia. Spain bound for Montevideo. She had on board the official and private mail from Spain to South America, it was the first voyage in this new service of mail too that countries.
The first step for the founding of this mail links between Spain and her colonies in South America was taken by Charlos III King of Spain, which on 27 October 1763 put the Marquis of Grimaldi in charge of the organisation of a postal service between Spain and the American colonies.
The first service was established between Havana, Cuba and La Coruna. Every month, a packet ship sailed from Havana to La Coruna and another packet made the voyage from La Coruna to Havana.
In Havana the postal authorities received the mail from the packet ships which were coming from Spain and forwarded it to the final destinations.
The mail from the northern Spanish colonies was collected at Havana and send from there by a packet to Spain.
On the base of this successful experiment, the Marquis of Grimaldi organized a similar service which covered the River Plata Region and other southern South America countries.
At Montevideo, the postal authorities remained in charge of the mail, with destination Banda Oriental (the land east of the Uruguay River at present Uruguay), and forwarded the rest to Buenos Aires from where it was sent to its final destinations; the River Plata Provinces (at present Argentina), Paraguay, Alto Peru (at present Bolivia), Chile and even to the Viceroyalty of Peru.
All the mail from this countries to Spain in return was send to Montevideo, to the Postal Authorities there, then loaded on board of a packet to Spain. The first postmaster in charge of this mail at Montevideo was Melchor de Viana.
La Coruna, Havana and Montevideo became the main exchange points in this new postal system. Through this regular mail service the port of Montevideo expanded, not only in mail service but also in cargo handling, while also a few passengers arrived which needed new facilities to support the service. Montevideo provided the conditions required and supplied the service, given full support to the mail service and as a postal mail centre the city became even more important.
In this mail service, which sailing and arrivals took place as scheduled, six vessels were used, the DIANA, DILGENCA, NUEVA CANTABRIA, PALAGON, TUCUMAN and La PRINCESA.
The Packet La PRINCESA the vessel depict on the stamp sailed for the first time from La Coruna in this mail service on 17 December 1767, sailed again from Montevideo on 18 June 1768 and arrived La Coruna on 24 September 1768. I believe the ships were special built for this service, but could not find any detail on this packets. The Captain of the La PRINCESA was Cayetano Antúnez.
The stamp design also includes the logo of ESPAMER 98 Exhibition that was hosted at the Palacio de Correos in Buenos Aires, Argentina from 20-29 November 1998.
The cover was issued in 2014 for the Centro Gallego de Montevideo 135 Aniversario.

Uruguay 1998 $12 sg?, scott?
Source: Uruguay Postal web-site and internet.


The MS sheet of Jersey issued in 2001 shows us the yacht JERSEY CLIPPER as given on the stamp, the correct name is JERSEY under that name she took part in the Clipper Round the World Race in 2001/2.
The Clipper Round the World Race was conceived in 1995 by Sir Robert Knox-Johnston, more info on the race is given on ... Yacht_Race
A fleet of sail yachts was built by Colvic Craft in the Blackwater Estuary, Sussex for the race of 1996, who were designed by David Pedrik. One of this yachts was the JERSEY.
16 October 1996 the first race started with 8 yachts from Plymouth.
It are monohull yachts, with a displacement of 24,000 kg and dimensions of 18.26 x 4.75 x 2.21m. (draught), length on waterline 15.93m.
Auxiliary engine one Perkins M165 diesel engine of 130 hp.
Sail area?
The JERSEY was delivered under the name MERMERUS, and under that name she took part in the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race in 1996 and 1998, before she in the races of 2000 and 2002 sailed under the name JERSEY.
After the 2002 race she was sold when a new class of yachts entered the race, sold to a private owner and converted in an ocean cruise yacht.
December 2014 she was sold to Blue Box Sailing, Southampton, who will use the yacht I believe again under the name MERMERUS from June 2015 after a rebuild and restoration for sailing education on the Solent and match racing.

Jersey 2001 £1.50 sg?, scott?
Source: Wikipedia and internet.


Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 467 by Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp. at Pascagoula, Mississippi for the Moore-McCormack Lines Inc., New York.
06 July 1956 laid down.
16December 1957 launched as the BRASIL, christened by Mrs. Emmet J. McCormack, spouse of the Chairman of the Board. One sister the ARGENTINA.
Tonnage 14,984 grt, 6,026 nrt, 5,696 dwt, dim. 188.2 x 26.9 x 8.00m. (draught), length bpp. 173.7m
Powered by two sts General Electric steam turbines, 35,000 hp, twin shafts, speed 23 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 557 passengers.
05 September 1958 delivered to owners. Building cost US$24,444,181.

12 September 1958 she sailed from New York for her maiden voyage to South America east-coast.
1963 Fitted out for cruising by Bethlehem Steel Comp. at Fort McHenry, accommodation increased for 720 passengers. Her first cruise was in June 1963.
31 July 1969 the BRASIL was laid up at Baltimore, she was uneconomical.
August 1972 sold to NV Volendam (Holland America Lijn), Willemstad, Netherlands Antilles and renamed in VOLENDAM named after a small town in the Dutch province North Holland.
She sailed to Bremerhaven for a refurbishment at the Lloyds Werft.
16 April 1973 she sailed from Rotterdam to New York.
1974 Underwent structural modifications in Hampton Roads, Virginia and was laid up there.
1975 First chartered to Monarch Cruise Line and renamed MONARCH SUN, in the cruise service between Miami, Florida to the Bahamas Islands, then sold in 1976 to Monarch Cruise Line Inc., Panama.
1978 Monarch Cruise Line Inc. was bought by the Holland America Line, the MONARCH SUN was renamed again in VOLENDAM as owner given then NV Volendam, Panama.
1982 The VOLENDAM was registered in Willemstad, Netherlands Antilles. Owner given as Holland America Cruises Inc., Willemstad.
1984 Sold to Banstead Shipping Ltd., Panama and renamed as ISLAND SUN. Used as a hotel ship in Quebec, Canada.
1985 Renamed by the company in LIBERTE. Sailing for the American Hawaii Cruises in Honolulu after refurbished in Sasebo, Japan for a cost of US$25 million.
December 1985 commenced cruises from Papeete, French Polynesia in the waters around the group, the cruises were not economical and the vessel was put on the sale list.
1987 Sold to Orley Shipping Co. Inc. (Bermuda Star Line), Panama and renamed CANADA STAR.
1988 Renamed by owners in QUEEN OF BERMUDA.
11 June 1988 the first cruise from Philadelphia.
1989 Sold to Brasil Caribbean Shipping Co. Inc. Panama after the Bermuda Star Lines consolidated with Commodore Cruise Lines not renamed.
November 1990 refurbished in Avondale. Louisiana and renamed ENCHANTED SEAS.
15 July 1995 she was bought by the Azure Investments. Inc. Panama, not renamed.
After she underwent modification she was chartered by Shipboard Education and renamed UNIVERSE EXPLORER.
27 July 1996 on a cruise from Juneau to Glacier Bay, Alaska with on board 732 passengers and 274 crew she got on fire in the main laundry room in which 5 crewmembers died from smoke inhalation and another 55 crewmembers and 1 passenger sustained injuries. Damage was estimated US$ 1.5 million.
02 August 1996 the ship arrived at Vancouver Dry-dock for repair.
14 August 1996 again in service.
2002 Sold to World Explorer Cruises, Panama, not renamed.
2004 Laid up and registered in Hong Kong, bought by Rikan Shipping Inc., Monrovia. Liberia and renamed UNIVERSE.
19 November 2004 she sailed from Hong Kong for the scrapyard in Alang, India under North Korean flag and registry, homeport Wonsan.
05 December 2004 beached at Alang for demolition.

Ajman 1967 5dh sg139 and 10r sg148, scott? Liberia 1974 3c sg1188, scott664

Source: ... meline.htm and various other web-sites.


Only one stamp on this MS shows a watercraft, she is the MAS 13 a torpedo armed motorboat, as given on this web-site: ... rld-war-i/
The Italian post gives by this stamps:

It show characters and scenes from the First World War. Specifically, from left to right in a clockwise direction: Francesco Baracca, Italian aviation ace, next to his plane a mountain artillery position of the Alpini Corps of the Italian Army a trench with a machine gun position of the Italian Army during the battle of Gorizia a MAS torpedo armed motorboat of the Italian Navy. The words “PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE” First World War appear on all the stamps, which are completed, respectively, by the words “IN CIELO” in the sky, “IN MONTAGNA” in the mountains, “IN TRINCEA” in the trenches and “IN MARE” at sea, “ITALIA” and the denomination“ € 0,80”.
The stamps, arranged into two rows, are contained in a perforated box on the right side of the sheetlet. Outside of the box, on the left, is the façade of the national monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, better known as the Vittoriano or Altare della Patria, located in Rome, on the Capitoline Hill, with, on the left, the logo of the Centennial of the First World War, adopted by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. On the top edge of the sheetlet are the words “PRIMA GUERRA MONDIALE” First World War on the right, written vertically, are the dates “19141918”.
Luca Vangelli
Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato S.p.A., rotogravure.

Of the MAS 13 I found: A wooden hulled craft, built after plans of the watertaxi’s in Venice. Displacement 20 tons, fitted out with a gasoline engine, range about 200 miles. Crew 8-10. Armament two torpedoes, a MG or light canon. Fate unknown.

In March 1915, the Italian navy placed an order with the Societa Veneziana Automobili Navali (SVAN) for two 15-meter boats powered by gasoline engines and capable of 30 knots. Armament consisted of two 18-inch torpedoes launched over the stern. They were named Motorbarca Armata SVAN and numbered MAS.1 and MAS.2. The two boats were not great successes, however, and in November 1915, they were rearmed with guns and confined to submarine chasing.
Twenty more boats were ordered from SVAN, MAS.3 through MAS.22. Built with additional weight to compensate for the fragile hull, their speed dropped to 21 knots, and the method of firing torpedoes over the stern was found to be clumsy. Nevertheless, the Italian navy pushed ahead with plans to use them as an offensive weapon in the Adriatic Sea. Each MAS boat had a crew of eight, and MAS.5 and MAS.7 were the first of the group to be fitted with 14-inch torpedoes and dropping gear.
The MAS boats scored the first major success for torpedo boats on the night of December 9, 1917. The two old Austro-Hungarian battleships WIEN and BUDAPEST had been bombarding Italian shore positions when MAS.9 and MAS.13, under the command of Commander Luigi Rizzo, crept into the Trieste roadstead where the two capital ships were anchored. This time everything went perfectly. Both MAS boats got within 200 meters of the Austrian ships without being detected, after using hydraulic shears to cut through three protective hawsers (cables). Maneuvering into position, MAS.9 fired two torpedoes. Both hit WIEN amidships, and in a few minutes the old battleship rolled over and sank. Although MAS.13‘s torpedoes missed their target, both Italian boats were able to escape unseen.
By then, the MAS crews had perfected their operations. Two or three boats would be towed by larger boats and destroyers to the starting point, thereby saving fuel and avoiding premature engine breakdowns. The destroyers could also provide covering fire and smoke to aid in the getaway.

Italy 2015 0.80 Euro sg?, scott? and MS ... rld-war-i/

Endurance (Shackleton)

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Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby shipstamps » Wed Aug 20, 2008 4:26 pm

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SG G34
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The Endurance, of the British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914-16, was built in 1912 by Framnes Mek. Verks, at Sandefjord, and engined by Akers of Christiania. Her gross tonnage was 348 on dimensions 140ft. x 26.4ft. x 14.1ft., and she was the typical Norwegian whaler type of vessel, barquentine-rigged and launched 1912, as Polaris, a 3-masted barquentine with auxiliary steam for polar tourism and polar bear hunting!
Purchased by Shackleton and renamed Endurance. She was ready to sail under the direction of Sir Ernest Shackleton, C.V.O., on August 1, 1914. When the Naval mobilisation order was published on August 3, Shackleton, with the consent of the crew, offered the services of the ship and her crew to the Government. However, the Admiralty did not think the war would last longer than six months and Sir Ernest was told to go ahead with his Antarctic plans.
The Endurance carried a crew of 27 men in addition to the scientific staff. She sailed after Shackleton had been received by the King and assured of his Majesty's approval of the expedition. On this expedition a new coastline was discovered which Sir Ernest named Caird Coast in honour of Sir James Caird, who had subscribed £24,000 towards the cost of the expedition. Like the Deutschland, the Endurance was caught in pack ice, but the conditions were more severe than those experienced by the German ship. The British vessel was trapped on January 19, 1915, and crushed on October 27, 1915, finally sinking beneath the ice 25 days later.
The crew took to the ice, which drifted across the Weddell Sea. When it was obvious the pack ice was breaking up, they took to the ship's boats which had been saved when the Endurance went down and on April 16, reached Elephant Island.
What followed is an epic of the Antarctic—how Sir Ernest Shackleton left 22 men on Elephant Island, while he chose five men to accompany him in an open boat (the James Caird) to cross 800 miles of Antarctic seas to bring food and relief to the shipwrecked crew. Having successfully accomplished the almost impossible in a voyage of a fortnight, a mountain range of three ridges had to be crossed, one 5,000ft. high and covered in ice with dangerous precipices, before civilisation could be reached. It took them 36hrs. to overcome this obstacle. Eventually, Sir Ernest was able to effect the rescue of the Endurance's crew on Elephant Island, but it was not until several attempts had been made by the whaler, Southern Sky, the Uruguayan Government trawler Institute de Pesca, the British schooner Emma, and the Chilean Navy tender Yelcho, all led by Shackleton, that a way through the ice was found and the crew were picked up 41/2 months after their leader had left them. During the whole of that time Shackleton had thought of nothing but their relief.

Detail from BAT philatelic
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton 1874-1922

Expeditions: British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04 in Discovery. British Antarctic Expedition 1907-09 in Nimrod. Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17 in Endurance. Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition 1921-22 in Quest. Discoveries: Beardmore Glacier, South Magnetic Pole, Caird Coast.
Voyage: British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17.

Aus Ant SG45, Brit Ant SG75,249 Chile 1375 Fal Is Dep SG G34 Ross Dep SG36 South Georgia SG32.
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Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Mar 01, 2015 3:56 am

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Built under yard 87 by Framnæs Mek. Verks., Sandefjord, Norway for a company formed by Lars Christensen from Norway and Adrien de Gerlach from Belgian.
17 December 1912 launched as the POLARIS.
Tonnage 348 gross, dim. 42.67 x 8.04 x 4.28m.
One auxiliary coal fired triple expansion steam engine, 350 hp, one shaft, speed 10.2 knots.
Rigged as a three-masted barkentine.
24 August 1913 completed.

She was designed for the new formed company as a polar safari ship with paying guests, but when delivered the new formed company could not made the last payment, and the POLARIS was laid up waiting for a new buyer.
When Shackleton also short by cash was looking for a polar expedition vessel, and he did not have to pay for the POLARIS straight away but after some time, bought her for 225.000NKroner.
She was renamed in ENDURANCE.
The ENDURANCE was the three-masted barquentine in which Sir Ernest Shackleton sailed for the Antarctic on the 1914 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. She was launched in 1912 from Sandefjord in Norway and was crushed by ice, causing her to sink, three years later in the Weddell Sea off Antarctica.
Designed by Ole Aanderud Larsen, the ENDURANCE was built at the Framnæs shipyard in Sandefjord, Norway and fully completed 24 August 1913. She was built under the supervision of master wood shipbuilder Christian Jacobsen, who was renowned for insisting that all men employed under him not just be skilled shipwrights, but also be experienced in seafaring aboard whaling or sealing ships. Every detail of her construction had been scrupulously planned to ensure maximum durability, for example every joint and every fitting cross-braced each other for maximum strength
She was launched on December 17, 1912 and was initially christened the POLARIS (eponymous with Polaris, the North Star). She was 144 feet (44 m) long, with a 25 feet (7.6 m) beam and weighed 350 short tons (320 t). Though her black hull looked from the outside like that of any other vessel of a comparable size, it was not. She was designed for polar conditions with a very sturdy construction. Her keel members were four pieces of solid oak, one above the other, adding up to a thickness of 85 inches (2,200 mm), while her sides were between 30 inches (760 mm) and 18 inches (460 mm) thick, with twice as many frames as normal and the frames being of double thickness. She was built of planks of oak and Norwegian fir up to 30 inches (760 mm) thick, sheathed in greenheart, a notably strong and heavy wood. Her bow, where she would meet the ice head-on, had been given special attention. Each timber had been made from a single oak tree chosen for its shape so that is natural shape followed the curve of her design. When put together, these pieces had a thickness of 52 inches (1,300 mm).
Of her three masts, the forward one was square-rigged while the after two carried fore and aft sails, like a schooner. As well as sails, ENDURANCE had a 350 horsepower (260 kW) coal-fired steam engine capable of driving her at speeds up to 10.2 knots (18.9 km/h; 11.7 mph).
By the time she was launched on December 17, 1912, POLARIS was perhaps the strongest wooden ship ever built, with the possible exception of the FRAM, the vessel used by Fridtjof Nansen and later by Roald Amundsen. However, there was one major difference between the ships. The FRAM was bowl-bottomed, which meant that if the ice closed in against her she would be squeezed up and out and not be subject to the pressure of the ice compressing around her. But since the POLARIS was designed to operate in relatively loose pack ice she was not constructed so as to rise out of pressure to any great extent.
She was built for Adrien de Gerlache and Lars Christensen. They intended to use her for polar cruises for tourists to hunt polar bears. Financial problems leading to de Gerlache pulling out of their partnership meant that Christensen was happy to sell the boat to Ernest Shackleton for GB£11,600 (approx US$67,000), less than cost. He is reported to have said he was happy to take the loss in order to further the plans of an explorer of Shackleton's stature 'After Shackleton's purchasing her, she was rechristened ENDURANCE after the Shackleton family motto "Fortitudine vincimus" (By endurance we conquer).
Shackleton sailed with ENDURANCE from Plymouth, England on August 6, 1914 and set course for Buenos Aires, Argentina. This was ENDURANCE's first major cruising since her completion and amounted to a shakedown cruise. The trip across the Atlantic took more than two months. Built for the ice, her hull was considered by many of its crew too rounded for the open ocean.
On October 26, 1914 ENDURANCE sailed from Buenos Aires to her last port of call, the Grytviken whaling station on the island of South Georgia off the southern tip of South America, where she arrived on November 5. She departed from Grytviken for her final voyage on December 5, 1914 towards the southern regions of the Weddell Sea.
Two days after leaving from South Georgia, ENDURANCE encountered polar pack ice and progress slowed down. For weeks Endurance twisted and squirmed her way through the pack. She kept moving but averaged less than 30 miles (48 km) per day. By January 15, Endurance was within 200 miles (320 km) of its destination, Vahsel Bay. However by the following day heavy pack ice was sighted in the morning and in the afternoon a blowing gale developed. Under these conditions it was soon evident progress could not be made, and ENDURANCE took shelter under the lee of a large grounded berg. During the next two days ENDURANCE dogged back and forth under the sheltering protection of the berg.
On January 18 the gale began to moderate and thus ENDURANCE, one day short of her destination, set the topsail with the engine at slow. The pack had blown away. Progress was made slowly until hours later ENDURANCE encountered the pack once more. It was decided to move forward and work through the pack, and at 5pm ENDURANCE entered it. However it was noticed that this ice was different from what had been encountered before. The ship was soon engulfed by thick but soft ice floes. The ship floated in a soupy sea of mushy brash ice. The ship was beset. The gale now increased its intensity and kept blowing for another six days from a northerly direction towards land. By January 24, the wind had completely compressed the ice in the whole Weddell Sea against the land. The ice had packed snugly around ENDURANCE. All that could be done was to wait for a southerly gale that would start pushing, decompressing and opening the ice in the other direction. Instead the days passed and the pack remained unchanged.
ENDURANCE drifted for months while remaining beset in the ice in the Weddell Sea and drifted with it. The ice kept compressing it until ENDURANCE could not endure the pressure and was crushed on October 27, 1915. On the morning of November 21, 1915, the ENDURANCE bow began to sink under the ice. Like RMS TITANIC, the Endurance went vertical, her stern rising into the air, then disappearing beneath the ice. The ENDURANCE is considered the last ship of her kind.
It is said that Shackleton placed advertisements in London newspapers that read:
"MEN WANTED: For hazardous journey. Small wages, bitter cold, long months of complete darkness, constant danger, safe return doubtful. Honour and recognition in case of success. Sir Ernest Shackleton."
The crew of the Endurance in its final voyage was made up of the 28 men Blackborrow was originally refused a post aboard the vessel due to his young age and inexperience and decided to stow away, helped to sneak aboard by William Blakewell, a friend of his, and Walter How. By the time he was found, the expedition was far enough out that Shackleton had no choice but to make him a steward. Blackborrow eventually proved his worth, earning the Bronze Polar Medal, and the honour of becoming the first human being ever to set foot on Elephant Island. His name is also the matter of some debate—it is sometimes spelled Percy, or Blackboro, or in other ways.
Alfred Lansing wrote a book titled Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage about the ordeal that Shackleton and his men endured aboard the ship. It became a bestseller when first published in 1959. Subsequent reprints have made it a recurrent bestseller; the last time being in the late 1990s.
Two Antarctic patrol ships of the British Royal Navy have been named ENDURANCE in honour of Shackleton's ship. The first HMS ENDURANCE (originally named ANITA DAN) was launched in May 1956 and awarded Pennant number A171 sometime later. She acted as an ice patrol and hydrographic survey ship until 1986. Today's modern HMS ENDURANCE, nicknamed The Red Plum, is a class 1A1 ice-breaker bought from Norway in 1992 where she had been known as MV POLAR CIRCLE. She is based at Portsmouth but makes annual forays to Antarctica where she can penetrate through 0.9 metres (2 ft 11 in) of ice at a speed of 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph). She has a complement of 126 marine personnel and carries two Westland Lynx helicopters.
In 1998 wreckage found at Stinker Point on the south western side of Elephant Island was incorrectly identified as flotsam from the ship. It in fact belonged to the 1877 wreck of the Connecticut sealing ship CHARLES SHEARER In 2001 wreck hunter David Mearns unsuccessfully planned an expedition to find the wreck of the Endurance By 2003 two rival groups were making plans for an expedition to find the wreck, however no expedition was actually mounted. In 2010 Mearns announced a new plan to search for the wreck. The plan is sponsored by the National Geographic Society but is subject to finding sponsorship for the balance of the U.S. $10 million estimated cost.

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The 10p stamp features Ernest Shackleton and his Imperial Transantarctic Expedition ship ENDURANCE. The Weddell Sea party of the expedition visited South Georgia in November 1914 to take on coal and other stores and refit the ship before sailing for Antarctica. While in Buenos Aires, Shackleton was warned that it might be a bad year for ice in the Weddell Sea so he delayed his departure from South Georgia for a month. This gave time for scientific work to be carried out. Unfortunately most of the records and specimens were lost when ENDURANCE was crushed by the ice and sank. Shackleton is buried in the cemetery at Grytviken.

Source: South Georgia Post.

South Georgia & Sandwich Islands 2015 10p sg?, scott?
Maldives 2015 20M and 60M sg?, scott?
Solomon Islands 2015 $40 sgMS?, scott?
Sierra Leone 2015 6000L sgMS?, scott? sgMS?, scott?
Guina 2015 10.000f sgMS?, scott?
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