SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year. Full membership includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

PINERO

Built as a passenger ship by Neafie & Levy, Philadelphia for the Wilmington Steamboat Co., Wilmington, USA.
Launched as the CITY OF TRENTON.
Tonnage 458 tons, dim. 51 x (47.4 bpp) x 9.8 x 2.25m.(draught)
Powered by a steam engine,?hp, speed?
1901 Completed.
She was not long in the service of the Wilmington Steamboat Co., in August 1901 her boiler exploded, killing at least nine and scores of passengers were seriously injured, some passengers were missing. When the explosion happened she was underway with her daily trip from Philadelphia to Trenton.
After the explosion the CITY OF TRENTON got on fire and grounded in the marshes opposite Torresdale, with her hold filled with water.
She was anyhow salvaged and repaired her next owner in 1902 was the Long Island Railroad Co., New York and she was renamed SAGAMORE.
Her engine was replaced by two 6-cyl 4SA oil engines, manufactured by New London S & E.B. Co., New London, Conn.
1916 Sold to Barclay Johnson, Philadelphia and renamed PRINCETON.
1927 Sold to the Isle of Pines SS Co, Nueva Gerona, Cuba for 150,000 Pesos and renamed PINERO. At that time she had 25 passengers’ cabins with double berths.
Used in the service between Batabanó and Nueva Gerona, Isle of Pines, at that time a new prison was built there, and most of the material and men for building the prison was transported by the PINERO.
She was the first ship in use in Cuba fitted out with an oil engine.
When the prison was ready she transported criminals and political prisoners to and from the prison.
On 15 May 1955 after Castro landed with the GRANMA at 09.00 a.m. she sailed from Nueva Gerona with on board the political prisoners who got amnesty from the Castro Government to Havana, where the comrades were met by Fidel Castro.
The prison was then used by Fidel Castro Government for his political prisoners and criminals, and the PINERO transported again this prisoners to the Presidio Modelo prison.
When she was taken out of service I don’t known, but she is no in a dry berth at Nueva Gerona as a national monument.
1987 Lloyds Registry deleted her in 1987.

Cuba 2015 75p sg?, scott?
Source: Internet. Lloyds Registry http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz Los Angeles Herald 29 August 1901.

MARIGOLD and CHRISTOPHER

MARIGOLD or MARYGOLD a wooden barque rigged vessel built in Aldeburgh, Suffolk and transferred to Plymouth in 1576.
Tonnage 30 tons burthen, armed with 16 guns.
Crew ca. 29 men.
She took part in Francis Drake expedition of five ships, which left 13 December 1577 Plymouth, at that time the MARIGOLD was under command of Captain John Thomas.
It was given that the fleet of five ships were heading for the River Nile on a trading voyage, when reaching the Morocco port Mogador it was revealed that the ships were heading for the Pacific via the Strait of Magellan.
The fleet sailed via the Cabo Verde Islands to southern Brazil were a landfall was made on 05 April 1578. During the crossing some Spanish ships were taken under which the SANTA MARIA, which was renamed in MARY, she had a Portuguese pilot Nuño da Silva on board who knew the waters of the Pacific. Then the fleet headed south along the South American coast to Puerto San Julián, Patagonia where the fleet arrived on 15 June 1578, Drake decide to overwinter there.
Three small ships the SWAN, CHRISTOPHER and MARY were abandoned there and the crew divided over the other three ships.
17 August sails were set and the three vessels headed south for the Strait of Magellan, which she entered three days later. 6 September she had passed the Strait of Magellan. Then the small fleet ran out of luck when she were running in a heavy storm which the ships scattered, the MARIGOLD was lost in the storm with all hands.
(An old story gives that Captain Thomas of the MARIGOLD used the storm to get rid of Drake and deserted the fleet, if this is true is unknown but of the MARIGOLD noting was heard again.)

CHRISTOPHER a wooden pinnace of 15 tons burthen, with 1 gun under command of Captain Tom Moone was abandoned in Puerto San Juliá.

British Virgin Island 1997 40c sg979, scott876d.
Source: Various internet sites. The complete Encyclopedia of sailing ships by Batchelor & Chant.

VIIC type U-BOAT

Type VIIC
Displacement 769 ton surfaced, 871 ton submerged, dim. 67.10 x 6.20 x 4.74m (draught) length bpp 50.50m, height 9.60m.
Speed 17.7 knots surface, 7.06 knots submerged. Range 8,500 mile by a speed of 10 knots on surface and 80 mile by a speed of 4 knots, submerged.
Armament 1 – 88/45 deck-gun with 220 rounds. 4 bow and 1 stern torpedo tubes, 14 torpedoes.
Crew 44 – 52 men.
Maximum depth circa 220 meter.
The Type VIIC was the workhorse of the German U-boat force, with 568 commissioned from 1940 to 1945. The first VIIC boat commissioned was the U-69 in 1940. The Type VIIC was an effective fighting machine and was seen almost everywhere U-boats operated, although its range of only 6,500 nautical miles was not as great as that of the larger Type IX (11,000 nautical miles), severely limiting the time it could spend in the far reaches of the western and southern Atlantic without refueling from a tender or U-boat tanker. The VIIC came into service toward the end of the "First Happy Time" near the beginning of the war and was still the most numerous type in service when Allied anti-submarine efforts finally defeated the U-boat campaign in late 1943 and 1944.
Type VIIC differed from the VIIB only in the addition of an active sonar and a few minor mechanical improvements, making it 2 feet longer and 8 tons heavier. Speed and range were essentially the same. Many of these boats were fitted with snorkels in 1944 and 1945.
They had the same torpedo tube arrangement as their predecessors, except for U-72, U-78, U-80, U-554, and U-555, which had only two bow tubes, and for U-203, U-331, U-351, U-401, U-431, and U-651, which had no stern tube.
On the surface the boats (except for U-88, U-90 and U-132 to U-136 which used MAN M6V40/46s) were propelled by two supercharged Germaniawerft, 6 cylinder, 4-stroke M6V 40/46 diesels totaling 2,800 to 3,200 PS (2,800 to 3,200 shp; 2,100 to 2,400 kW) at 470 to 490 rpm.
For submerged propulsion, several different electric motors were used. Early models used the VIIB configuration of two AEG GU 460/8-276 electric motors, totaling 750 PS (740 shp; 550 kW) with a max rpm of 296, while newer boats used two BBC GG UB 720/8, two GL (Garbe, Lahmeyer & Co.) RP 137/c electric motors or two Siemens-Schuckert-Werke (SSW) GU 343/38-8 electric motors with the same power output as the AEG motors.
Perhaps the most famous VIIC boat was U-96, featured in the movie Das Boot.

Maldives 2015 22Rf sg?, scott? (The stamp is designed after the Revell model kit RV5093.)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Ty ... #Type_VIIC U-boat net.

GLOBAL CHALLENGE ISLE OF MAN

In 2000 the Isle of Man issued 6 stamps with a value of 22p to 65p for the BT Global Challenge 2000/1, in which the yacht ISLE OF MAN took part, the yacht is visible on the FDC, but on the stamps only the sails with logo is visible.
The 22p stamp shows also a cruise vessel which is identified as the VISTAFJORD viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8616&p=17043&hilit=vistafjord#p17043
I am wondering what has happened with the ISLE OF MAN after the race, I can’t find a trace of here.
BT Global Challenge 2000/1
On 10 September, a new fleet of 72 ft (22 m) steel cutters made their debut in this race. The winner, Conrad Humphreys and crew on LG FLATRON, won four of the six legs.
QUADSTONE collided heavily in a port and starboard incident with SAVE THE CHILDREN in Wellington, NZ, and QUADSTONE retired from this leg. Skipper Alex Philips later resigned. Both boats had to be extensively repaired in New Zealand.
For the first time the race was scored on points, with equal points for each leg, though combined elapsed times are shown here for comparison.
Overall place Yacht name Skipper Points Combined
elapsed time
1 LG Flatron Conrad Humphreys 95 171d 13h 33m 49s
2 Compaq Will Oxley 86 173d 14h 59m 43s
3 BP Mark Denton 78 175d 09h 54m 33s
4 Logica Jeremy Troughton 71 175d 20h 46m 04s
5 TeamSpirit Andy Dare, John Read 68 176d 22h 34m 43s
6= Spirit of Hong Kong Stephen Wilkins 62 178d 21h 34m 43s
6= Quadstone Alex Phillips, Richard Chenery 64* 179d 11h 58m 14s
8 Norwich Union Neil Murray 60 180d 07h 58m 14s
9= Isle of Man Lin Parker 56 180d 21h 41m 18s
9= Save the Children Nick Fenton 56* 176d
10 Olympic Manley Hopkinson 37* 183d
* These teams did not finish all legs, a requirement for a position in the overall standings, but their positions are shown without displacing any other team
Kate Middleton, who married HRH Prince William to become the Duchess of Cambridge, worked as corporate crew during the buildup of the 2000/1 race.
Challenge 72 Specifications
Hull type Monohull
Builder Ten of the twelve yachts were built by Devonport, UK, the other two by Kim's Yacht Company in China.
Displacement (half load) 40 tonnes
Draught full load 10 ft (3.05m)
Ballast 12.5 tonnes
Designer Rob Humphreys
Length overall 72 ft (22 m)
Length waterline 61 ft (19 m)
Air draught 95 ft (29 m)
Hull 50A mild steel
Deck Stainless steel
Sail area (windward) 2,825 sq ft (262.5 m2)
Sail area (downwind) 4,020 sq ft (373 m2)
Water capacity 390 gal (1,775 lt)
Fuel capacity 475 gal (2,150 lt)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Ch ... e_2000.2F1

ANOREP 1 submersible

On this two MS of Niger issued in 2015 you can find COUSTEAU ship CALYPSO and the submersible ANOREP 1 built in 1966 and which now stands outside the Oceanographic Museum in Monte Carlo, Monaco. Have not any details on her.

Centenary of the creation of the Peruvian submarine fleet

See corrections as given by Mr Peter Crichton below.

Peru issued two stamps in 2011 for the 100th anniversary of the submarine forces of Peru.
The two stamps depicting 7 submarines (at that time Peru had only 6 submarines in service, (one has to be a decommissioned submarine.), So far I know the submarines have not be named. I will give the details of the six Peru submarines at that time in service.
All were built by the Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft AG, Kiel, Germany.
Two types were built the ISLAY and ARICA of type 209/1100 and ANGAMOS, ANTOFAGASTA, PISAGUA and CHIPANA of type 209/1200.
ISLAY: built under yard No 53 as a coastal patrol submarine. Type 209/1100.
15 March 1971 laid down.
11 October 1973 launched as the ISLAY (SS-35).
Displacement 1,105 ton surfaced, 1,230 ton submerged, dim. 54.4 x 6.2 x 5.9m. (draught)
Powered by 4 MTU type 12v493 AZ80 GA3H dieselengines, 1 Siemenselectric motor, 4,600 hp, one shaft, speed 11 knots surfaced, 21 knots submerged.
Mission endurance 50 days.
Range by a speed of 4 knots, 11,300 mil surfaced. Submerged range by a speed of 20 knots, 20 mile
Armament 8 – 21 inch torpedo tubes, 14 SST-4 torpedoes.
Maximum depth 500 metre.
Crew 36.
29 August 1974 commissioned. All submarines have as homeport San Lorenzo, Peru.

ARICA: built under yard No 54. Type 209/1100
01 October 1973 laid down
05 April 1974 launched as the ARICA (SS-36)
Same details of the ISLAY.
21January 1975 commissioned.

ANGAMOS: built under yard No 131 type 209/1200
12 August 1976 ordered.
15 July 1977 laid down.
31 August 1979 launched as the ANGAMOS (SS-31).
Displacement surface 1,180 ton, submerged 1,290 ton, dim. 55.9 x 6.2 x 5.5m. (draught)
Powered diesel electric by 4 MTU type 12V493 AZ80 GA31l diesel engines, 4,600 hp, one Siemens electric motor, one shaft, speed 11 knots surfaced, 21 knots submerged.
Range by a speed of 4 knots, 11,300 mile.
Armament 8 – 21 inch torpedo tubes, 14 SST-4 torpedoes.
Crew 33.
19 December 1980 commissioned.

ANTOFAGASTA built under yard No 132 as a type 209/1200.
03 October 1977 laid down.
19 December 1979 launched as the ANTOFAGASTA (SS-32)
20 February 1981 commissioned.
Details the same as ANGAMOS.

PISAGUA built under yard No 133 as a type 209/1200.
15 August 1978 laid down.
19 October 1980 launched as the PISAGUA (SS-33).
12 July 1983 commissioned.
Same details as ANGAMOS.

CHIPANA built under yard No 134 as a type 209/1200.
01 November 1978 laid down.
19 May 1981 launched as the CHIPANA (SS-34).
20 September 1982 commissioned.
Same details as ANGAMOS.

Peru 2011 7$20c sg?, scott?
Wikipedia. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ ... -specs.htm

From Mr. Peter Crichton I received the following update on the stamps.
He gives two pennant numbers are easily readable on the left hand stamp.
Pennant No 42 (the boat at sea in foreground) is the ABATO, see her history and career.
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7845&p=7841&hilit=abtao#p7841
Outermost of the moored boats with pennant No 43 is ANGAMOS completed in 1957 as ATUN.
Built as a patrol submarine under yard No 145 by Electric Boat Co., Groton, Connecticut, USA for the Peruvian Navy. The design is based on that of the US Mackerel class. All this boats belong to the Abtao class.
27 October 1956 laid down.
05 February 1957 launched as the ATUN.
Displacement 825 ton surfaced, 1,400 ton submerged, dim. 74.1 x 6.7 x 4.3m. (draught)
Powered by two General Motors Corporation 278A diesels, 2,400 shp., and electric motors delivering power to two shafts, speed 16 knots surfaced, 15 knots submerged.
Armament 6 – 21 inch torpedo tubes.
Crew 85.
01 July 1957 commissioned
1960 renamed in ANGAMOS (S-43).
Stricken 1990.

The innermost boat is either DOS DE MAYO (S-41) or IQUIQUE (S-44).
DOS DE MAYO built under yard No 140 by Electric Boat Co., Groton.
12 May 1952 laid down.
06 February 1954 launched as the LOBO.
Same details as the ATUN. Except that she had also a 1 – 5 inch deck-gun aft the conning tower..
14 June 1954 commissioned.
1957 Renamed in DOS DE MAYO (S-41).
Stricken 1999.

IQUIQUE built under yard No 146 by Electric Boat Co., Groton.
27 October 1955 laid down.
05 February 1957 launched as the MERLIN.
Same details as the ATUN.
01 October 1957 commissioned.
1960 renamed in IQUIQUE (S-44).
Stricken 1993.
The other three boats are a mixture of photos of the 209 class.

Source: http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. The World’s Navies edited by Chris Chant.
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Endurance (Shackleton)

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby shipstamps » Wed Aug 20, 2008 4:26 pm

Endurance.jpg
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SG45
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SG75
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SG G34
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SG36
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SG32
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SG1375
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The Endurance, of the British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914-16, was built in 1912 by Framnes Mek. Verks, at Sandefjord, and engined by Akers of Christiania. Her gross tonnage was 348 on dimensions 140ft. x 26.4ft. x 14.1ft., and she was the typical Norwegian whaler type of vessel, barquentine-rigged and launched 1912, as Polaris, a 3-masted barquentine with auxiliary steam for polar tourism and polar bear hunting!
Purchased by Shackleton and renamed Endurance. She was ready to sail under the direction of Sir Ernest Shackleton, C.V.O., on August 1, 1914. When the Naval mobilisation order was published on August 3, Shackleton, with the consent of the crew, offered the services of the ship and her crew to the Government. However, the Admiralty did not think the war would last longer than six months and Sir Ernest was told to go ahead with his Antarctic plans.
The Endurance carried a crew of 27 men in addition to the scientific staff. She sailed after Shackleton had been received by the King and assured of his Majesty's approval of the expedition. On this expedition a new coastline was discovered which Sir Ernest named Caird Coast in honour of Sir James Caird, who had subscribed £24,000 towards the cost of the expedition. Like the Deutschland, the Endurance was caught in pack ice, but the conditions were more severe than those experienced by the German ship. The British vessel was trapped on January 19, 1915, and crushed on October 27, 1915, finally sinking beneath the ice 25 days later.
The crew took to the ice, which drifted across the Weddell Sea. When it was obvious the pack ice was breaking up, they took to the ship's boats which had been saved when the Endurance went down and on April 16, reached Elephant Island.
What followed is an epic of the Antarctic—how Sir Ernest Shackleton left 22 men on Elephant Island, while he chose five men to accompany him in an open boat (the James Caird) to cross 800 miles of Antarctic seas to bring food and relief to the shipwrecked crew. Having successfully accomplished the almost impossible in a voyage of a fortnight, a mountain range of three ridges had to be crossed, one 5,000ft. high and covered in ice with dangerous precipices, before civilisation could be reached. It took them 36hrs. to overcome this obstacle. Eventually, Sir Ernest was able to effect the rescue of the Endurance's crew on Elephant Island, but it was not until several attempts had been made by the whaler, Southern Sky, the Uruguayan Government trawler Institute de Pesca, the British schooner Emma, and the Chilean Navy tender Yelcho, all led by Shackleton, that a way through the ice was found and the crew were picked up 41/2 months after their leader had left them. During the whole of that time Shackleton had thought of nothing but their relief.

Detail from BAT philatelic
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton 1874-1922

Expeditions: British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04 in Discovery. British Antarctic Expedition 1907-09 in Nimrod. Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17 in Endurance. Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition 1921-22 in Quest. Discoveries: Beardmore Glacier, South Magnetic Pole, Caird Coast.
Voyage: British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17.

Aus Ant SG45, Brit Ant SG75,249 Chile 1375 Fal Is Dep SG G34 Ross Dep SG36 South Georgia SG32.
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Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Mar 01, 2015 3:56 am

2015 South Georgia.JPG
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Built under yard 87 by Framnæs Mek. Verks., Sandefjord, Norway for a company formed by Lars Christensen from Norway and Adrien de Gerlach from Belgian.
17 December 1912 launched as the POLARIS.
Tonnage 348 gross, dim. 42.67 x 8.04 x 4.28m.
One auxiliary coal fired triple expansion steam engine, 350 hp, one shaft, speed 10.2 knots.
Rigged as a three-masted barkentine.
24 August 1913 completed.

She was designed for the new formed company as a polar safari ship with paying guests, but when delivered the new formed company could not made the last payment, and the POLARIS was laid up waiting for a new buyer.
When Shackleton also short by cash was looking for a polar expedition vessel, and he did not have to pay for the POLARIS straight away but after some time, bought her for 225.000NKroner.
She was renamed in ENDURANCE.
The ENDURANCE was the three-masted barquentine in which Sir Ernest Shackleton sailed for the Antarctic on the 1914 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. She was launched in 1912 from Sandefjord in Norway and was crushed by ice, causing her to sink, three years later in the Weddell Sea off Antarctica.
Designed by Ole Aanderud Larsen, the ENDURANCE was built at the Framnæs shipyard in Sandefjord, Norway and fully completed 24 August 1913. She was built under the supervision of master wood shipbuilder Christian Jacobsen, who was renowned for insisting that all men employed under him not just be skilled shipwrights, but also be experienced in seafaring aboard whaling or sealing ships. Every detail of her construction had been scrupulously planned to ensure maximum durability, for example every joint and every fitting cross-braced each other for maximum strength
She was launched on December 17, 1912 and was initially christened the POLARIS (eponymous with Polaris, the North Star). She was 144 feet (44 m) long, with a 25 feet (7.6 m) beam and weighed 350 short tons (320 t). Though her black hull looked from the outside like that of any other vessel of a comparable size, it was not. She was designed for polar conditions with a very sturdy construction. Her keel members were four pieces of solid oak, one above the other, adding up to a thickness of 85 inches (2,200 mm), while her sides were between 30 inches (760 mm) and 18 inches (460 mm) thick, with twice as many frames as normal and the frames being of double thickness. She was built of planks of oak and Norwegian fir up to 30 inches (760 mm) thick, sheathed in greenheart, a notably strong and heavy wood. Her bow, where she would meet the ice head-on, had been given special attention. Each timber had been made from a single oak tree chosen for its shape so that is natural shape followed the curve of her design. When put together, these pieces had a thickness of 52 inches (1,300 mm).
Of her three masts, the forward one was square-rigged while the after two carried fore and aft sails, like a schooner. As well as sails, ENDURANCE had a 350 horsepower (260 kW) coal-fired steam engine capable of driving her at speeds up to 10.2 knots (18.9 km/h; 11.7 mph).
By the time she was launched on December 17, 1912, POLARIS was perhaps the strongest wooden ship ever built, with the possible exception of the FRAM, the vessel used by Fridtjof Nansen and later by Roald Amundsen. However, there was one major difference between the ships. The FRAM was bowl-bottomed, which meant that if the ice closed in against her she would be squeezed up and out and not be subject to the pressure of the ice compressing around her. But since the POLARIS was designed to operate in relatively loose pack ice she was not constructed so as to rise out of pressure to any great extent.
She was built for Adrien de Gerlache and Lars Christensen. They intended to use her for polar cruises for tourists to hunt polar bears. Financial problems leading to de Gerlache pulling out of their partnership meant that Christensen was happy to sell the boat to Ernest Shackleton for GB£11,600 (approx US$67,000), less than cost. He is reported to have said he was happy to take the loss in order to further the plans of an explorer of Shackleton's stature 'After Shackleton's purchasing her, she was rechristened ENDURANCE after the Shackleton family motto "Fortitudine vincimus" (By endurance we conquer).
Shackleton sailed with ENDURANCE from Plymouth, England on August 6, 1914 and set course for Buenos Aires, Argentina. This was ENDURANCE's first major cruising since her completion and amounted to a shakedown cruise. The trip across the Atlantic took more than two months. Built for the ice, her hull was considered by many of its crew too rounded for the open ocean.
On October 26, 1914 ENDURANCE sailed from Buenos Aires to her last port of call, the Grytviken whaling station on the island of South Georgia off the southern tip of South America, where she arrived on November 5. She departed from Grytviken for her final voyage on December 5, 1914 towards the southern regions of the Weddell Sea.
Two days after leaving from South Georgia, ENDURANCE encountered polar pack ice and progress slowed down. For weeks Endurance twisted and squirmed her way through the pack. She kept moving but averaged less than 30 miles (48 km) per day. By January 15, Endurance was within 200 miles (320 km) of its destination, Vahsel Bay. However by the following day heavy pack ice was sighted in the morning and in the afternoon a blowing gale developed. Under these conditions it was soon evident progress could not be made, and ENDURANCE took shelter under the lee of a large grounded berg. During the next two days ENDURANCE dogged back and forth under the sheltering protection of the berg.
On January 18 the gale began to moderate and thus ENDURANCE, one day short of her destination, set the topsail with the engine at slow. The pack had blown away. Progress was made slowly until hours later ENDURANCE encountered the pack once more. It was decided to move forward and work through the pack, and at 5pm ENDURANCE entered it. However it was noticed that this ice was different from what had been encountered before. The ship was soon engulfed by thick but soft ice floes. The ship floated in a soupy sea of mushy brash ice. The ship was beset. The gale now increased its intensity and kept blowing for another six days from a northerly direction towards land. By January 24, the wind had completely compressed the ice in the whole Weddell Sea against the land. The ice had packed snugly around ENDURANCE. All that could be done was to wait for a southerly gale that would start pushing, decompressing and opening the ice in the other direction. Instead the days passed and the pack remained unchanged.
ENDURANCE drifted for months while remaining beset in the ice in the Weddell Sea and drifted with it. The ice kept compressing it until ENDURANCE could not endure the pressure and was crushed on October 27, 1915. On the morning of November 21, 1915, the ENDURANCE bow began to sink under the ice. Like RMS TITANIC, the Endurance went vertical, her stern rising into the air, then disappearing beneath the ice. The ENDURANCE is considered the last ship of her kind.
It is said that Shackleton placed advertisements in London newspapers that read:
"MEN WANTED: For hazardous journey. Small wages, bitter cold, long months of complete darkness, constant danger, safe return doubtful. Honour and recognition in case of success. Sir Ernest Shackleton."
The crew of the Endurance in its final voyage was made up of the 28 men Blackborrow was originally refused a post aboard the vessel due to his young age and inexperience and decided to stow away, helped to sneak aboard by William Blakewell, a friend of his, and Walter How. By the time he was found, the expedition was far enough out that Shackleton had no choice but to make him a steward. Blackborrow eventually proved his worth, earning the Bronze Polar Medal, and the honour of becoming the first human being ever to set foot on Elephant Island. His name is also the matter of some debate—it is sometimes spelled Percy, or Blackboro, or in other ways.
Alfred Lansing wrote a book titled Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage about the ordeal that Shackleton and his men endured aboard the ship. It became a bestseller when first published in 1959. Subsequent reprints have made it a recurrent bestseller; the last time being in the late 1990s.
Two Antarctic patrol ships of the British Royal Navy have been named ENDURANCE in honour of Shackleton's ship. The first HMS ENDURANCE (originally named ANITA DAN) was launched in May 1956 and awarded Pennant number A171 sometime later. She acted as an ice patrol and hydrographic survey ship until 1986. Today's modern HMS ENDURANCE, nicknamed The Red Plum, is a class 1A1 ice-breaker bought from Norway in 1992 where she had been known as MV POLAR CIRCLE. She is based at Portsmouth but makes annual forays to Antarctica where she can penetrate through 0.9 metres (2 ft 11 in) of ice at a speed of 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph). She has a complement of 126 marine personnel and carries two Westland Lynx helicopters.
In 1998 wreckage found at Stinker Point on the south western side of Elephant Island was incorrectly identified as flotsam from the ship. It in fact belonged to the 1877 wreck of the Connecticut sealing ship CHARLES SHEARER In 2001 wreck hunter David Mearns unsuccessfully planned an expedition to find the wreck of the Endurance By 2003 two rival groups were making plans for an expedition to find the wreck, however no expedition was actually mounted. In 2010 Mearns announced a new plan to search for the wreck. The plan is sponsored by the National Geographic Society but is subject to finding sponsorship for the balance of the U.S. $10 million estimated cost.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endurance_(1912_ship)"

The 10p stamp features Ernest Shackleton and his Imperial Transantarctic Expedition ship ENDURANCE. The Weddell Sea party of the expedition visited South Georgia in November 1914 to take on coal and other stores and refit the ship before sailing for Antarctica. While in Buenos Aires, Shackleton was warned that it might be a bad year for ice in the Weddell Sea so he delayed his departure from South Georgia for a month. This gave time for scientific work to be carried out. Unfortunately most of the records and specimens were lost when ENDURANCE was crushed by the ice and sank. Shackleton is buried in the cemetery at Grytviken.

Source: South Georgia Post.

South Georgia & Sandwich Islands 2015 10p sg?, scott?
Maldives 2015 20M and 60M sg?, scott?
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