SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

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A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

LUPO 1938 (Italy)

Built in 1936-'38 by C.N.Q., Fiume, for the Italian Navy.
Torpedo boat, 'Spica' class, (32 units) 'Alcione' group, displacement:808/1040 tons, Loa:83,50m (273' 11") B:8,10m. (26' 7") Draft:2,55m. (8' 4") 2 Yarrow boilers, 2 Tosi geared steam turbines:19.000 hp. 2 shafts, 34 kn. complement:116, armament:3 × 100 mm (3.9") 100/47 dual-purpose guns, 9–11 × 20 mm (0.79") Breda 20/65 mod. 35 AA guns, 2 × 13.2 mm (0.52") anti-aircraft machine guns, 4 × 450 mm (18") torpedo tubes (2 × triple mounts) up to 20 mines.
Along with Libra, torpedoed the British tanker Desmoulea(8120 tons) in the Kasos straits on 31 January 1941 at the position 35°33′32″N 25°34′14″E, disabling her for the rest of the war. The tanker was part of the convoy AN.14, and had departed Alexandria for Piraeus. Captained by Francesco Mimbelli during the reconquest of Kastelorizo and the Battle of Crete, where she survived a battle against three cruisers and five destroyers, saving half of a small ships convoy.
Sunk 2 December 1942 by destroyers HMS Jervis,HMS Javelin, HMS Janus and HMS Kelvin while picking up survivors from the Italian cargo ship Veloce en route to Tripoli. Two other steamers, part of the same convoy, eventually reached home.

(Somaliland 2011, 1500 a. StG.?)
Internet.

JOHN QUILLIAM

Captain John Quilliam RN (born Marown, Isle of Man 29 September 1771 - died Michael, Isle of Man 10 October 1829) was a Royal Navy officer and the First Lieutenant on HMS VICTORY at the Battle of Trafalgar. He was a farmer’s son from the Isle of Man who was impressed in the Royal Navy in 1794.
Career
The eldest son of John Quilliam and Christian Clucas of Ballakelly, he was apprenticed to a stonemason, and then worked as a labourer until he was impressed into the Royal Navy in 1794.
Unlike most impressed sailors, Quilliam rose rapidly in the Royal Navy. He is first recorded in 1797 at the Battle of Camperdown when he was made a Lieutenant by Admiral Duncan. He was a Third Lieutenant on HMS ETHALION. On 7 October 1799 Quilliam's share of prize money for the capture of the 36 gun Spanish treasure ship THETIS was over £5000. He was First Lieutenant aboard HMS AMAZON at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, his gallantry and calmness under fire following the death of Captain Edward Riou and all the senior officers on his ship was rewarded with being made First Lieutenant on HMS VICTORY by Horatio Nelson.
Quilliam soon repaid the faith Nelson had placed in him as the following extract from James's Naval History of Great Britain shows, he assisted in steering her into action at Trafalgar: - "Just as she (the VICTORY) had got about 500 yards of the larboard beam of the BUCENTAURE the VICTORY's mizzen-topmast was shot away, about two-thirds up. A shot also struck and knocked to pieces the wheel; and the ship was obliged to be steered from the gun room, the first lieutenant (John Quilliam) and master (Thomas Atkinson) relieving each other at the duty.
After Trafalgar he was promoted to Captain and placed in command of HMS ILDEFONSO. He returned to the Isle of Man and in 1807, he was elected a member of the House of Keys.
In 1808, he was captain of Admiral Stopford's flagship, HMS SPENCER. In 1812, he was captain of HMS CRESENT and served as such until the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. During this time he captured a 14 gun American privateer, the ELBRIDGE GERRY during the War of 1812.
He then returned to the Isle of Man and resided at the White House in Kirk Michael. He was re-elected a member of House of Keys in 1817.
Qulliam died in 1829 and was buried in the graveyard at Kirk Arbory.
Memorial
There is the following inscription on his tombstone;
"Sacred to the memory of John Quilliam, Esq., Captain in the Royal Navy. In his early service he was appointed by Adml. Lord Duncan to act as lieutenant at the Battle of Camperdown; after the victory was achieved, this appointment was confirmed. His gallantry and professional skill at the Battle of Copenhagen attracted the notice of Lord Nelson, who subsequently sought for his services on board his own ship, and as his lordship's first lieut. he steered the VICTORY into action at the Battle of Trafalgar. By the example of Duncan and Nelson he learned to conquer. By his own merit he rose to command: above all this he was an honest man, the noblest work of God. After many years of honourable and distinguished professional service, he retired to this land of his affectionate solicitude and birth, where in his public station as a member of the House of Keys, and in private life, he was in arduous times the uncompromising defender of the rights and privileges of his countrymen, and the zealous and able supporter of every measure tending to promote the welfare and the best interests of his country. He departed this life on 10 October 1829 in the 59th year of his age. This monument is erected by Margaret C. Quilliam to the memory of her beloved husband."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Quilliam

The stamp shows us:
6p When John Quilliam was pressed in service of the Royal Navy. Stanley Gibbons give that the HMS LION is depict in the background of the stamp. Quilliam first ship was HMS LION.
8p Shows the steering system of the VICTORY in the gunroom by jury ropes.
13p HMS SPENCER and Captain John Quilliam. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14330&p=16339&hilit=john+quilliam#!lightbox[gallery]/0/
15p Shows John Quilliam in front of the Rushen Castle where at that time the meeting of the members of the House of Key’s took place, and fishing vessel in the port of Castletown.
Isle of Man 1979 6p/15p sg 189/162, scott?

BRITANNIA cruise vessel 2015

Built as a cruise vessel under yard No 6231 by Fincantieri Italiana at Monfalcone, Italy for Carnival PLC, Southampton.
2011 Ordered.
15 May 2013 laid down, (Miramar gives laid down 20 December 2010.)
14 February 2014 floated out of her building dock as the BRITANNIA.
Tonnage 143,730 grt, 11,793 dwt, dim. 330 x 38.38 x 8.30m. (draught), length bpp. 306.07m.
Powered diesel electric two Wärtsilä 12V46F and two Wärtsilä diesel engines, 36,000 kW, two VEM Sachsenwerk GMBH electric motors driven twin shafts, speed 21 knots.
Accommodation for 4,324 passengers and 1,398 crew.
27 February 2015 delivered to owners, building cost £473 million.

The same day sailed from Monfalcone via Gibraltar to Southampton.
10 March 2015 christened by Queen Elizabeth II in Southampton.
14 March 2015 sailed for his maiden cruise from Southampton.
MV BRITANNIA is a cruise ship of the P&O Cruises fleet. She was built by Fincantieri at its shipyard in Monfalcone, Italy.
At 143,000 GT, BRITANNIA is the largest of eight ships currently in service with P&O Cruises and she is also the flagship of the fleet, taking the honour from ORIANA. She officially entered service on 14 March 2015. and was named by Queen Elizabeth II. Her first captain was Paul Brown.
BRITANNIA features a 94 metres (308 ft) Union Flag on her bow, the largest of its kind in the world.
Naming & construction
BRITANNIA was ordered in 2011 and was laid down on 15 May 2013. The ship was built at the Fincantieri yard at Monfalcone in Italy.
The name BRITANNIA was announced on 24 September 2013 and has historical importance for P&O, as there have been two previous ships named BRITANNIA connected with the company. The first entered service in 1835 for the General Steam Navigation Company, which went on to become the Peninsular Steam Navigation Company. The second, which entered service in 1887, was one of four ships ordered by the company to mark the golden jubilee of both Queen Victoria and P&O itself.
The ceremonial float out of the third BRITANNIA took place on the afternoon of 14 February 2014, with the traditional champagne bottle smashed against the vessel's hull.
BRITANNIA departed the Fincantieri ship yard on 27 February 2015 for Southampton via Gibraltar. BRITANNIA was officially named on 10 March 2015 by Queen Elizabeth II at the Ocean Terminal.
Facilities
On board, BRITANNIA features 13 bars as well as 13 restaurants and cafés.
It has been announced that TV chef James Martin will develop The Cookery Club on board BRITANNIA and will feature celebrity chefs/cooks such as Mary Berry, James Tanner, Antonio Carluccio, Paul Rankin and Pierre Koffman. Eric Lanlard will have his own patisserie in the ship's atrium called Market Café and is also creating an upgraded afternoon tea service at the Epicurean restaurant, Atul Kocchar will feature his own restaurant Sindhu (as also seen on fleetmates VENTURA and AZURA and Marco Pierre White will also have a restaurant aboard. The ship features a 936-seat theatre.
BRITANNIA has a total of 1,837 cabins on board with 27 of those being single cabins (inside and balcony), in addition to conventional inside and balcony cabins as well as 64 suites. For the first time on a P&O Cruises ship, all outside cabins have balconies.
BRITANNIA will have four pools with a dedicated pool for teenagers and the Oasis Spa.
Maiden voyage & itineraries
BRITANNIA's maiden voyage took place 14–28 March 2015, and included visits to Spain, Italy and France.
During her summer season, BRITANNIA will sail to the Mediterranean, Norwegian fjords, the Baltic, Canary Islands and Atlantic Islands. In winter, the ship will sail 14-night Caribbean itineraries.
Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway was recorded and shown live on board as the final show of the 13th series, on 2 April 2016.
Similar ships
In 2013 Princess Cruises began operating the lead vessel in its Royal Class, ROYAL PRINCESS. BRITANNIA is built to the same template, but is very different in its character and exterior appearance. The second ship of the Royal Class, REGAL PRINCESS was delivered 11 May 2014 to Princess Cruises. The latest Royal Class ship, MAJESTIC PRINCESS, will launch in the Summer 2017.
2016 BRITANNIA in service, IMO No 9614036.

Sierra Leone 2016 Le 6000 sg?, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MV_BRITANNIA_(2015)

JORGE DE MENEZES and Portuguese galleon

The two stamps shows us a Portuguese galleon in which Jorge de Menezes arrived in Papua New Guinea, not a name for the ship is given, and I believe there is not a painting or drawing which shows the ship or Jorge de Menezes. Most probably a ship of that time frame is shown.

Jorge de Menezes (c. 1498 – 1537) was a Portuguese explorer, who in 1526–1527 landed on the islands of Biak (Cenderawasih Bay), whilst he awaited the passing of the monsoon season, and on the northern coasts of the Bird's Head Peninsula, calling the region Ilhas dos Papuas. He is thus credited with the European discovery of New Guinea.
Jorge de Menezes was the Portuguese Governor of the Moluccas from 1527 until 1530, residing on Ternate. While in office, he plundered a Spanish fort on Tidore, poisoned the sultan of Ternate and committed atrocities against the local population. Subsequently he was arrested and sent to India. After his return to Portugal he was banished to Brazil, where he died in combat against Indians in 1537.

Papua New Guinea 1987 60t sg553, scott? and sgMS861, scott673
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_de_Menezes

LE FANTASQUE 10 (France)

Built in 1931-'36 by Arsenal Lorient, laid down 15-11-1931, launched 15-03-'34, commissioned 01-05-'36.
Le Fantasque class destroyer, displacement:2570 tons, Loa:132,40m. (434.4') B:11,98m. (39.3') Draft:4,30m. (14.1') 4 Penhöet boilers, 2 Rateau-Bretagne turbines:81.000 hp. 2 shafts, 45 kn. complement:220, armament:5 × 138 mm (5.4") guns (2 forward, 3 aft)
4 × 37 mm AA guns (original) 4 × 13 mm AA machine guns (original)
8 × 40 mm Bofors AA guns (after refit)
10 × 20 mm Oerlikon AA guns (after refit)
9 × 550 mm torpedo tubes in three triple mounts, 40 mines.

Le Fantasque was the first destroyer of its class, out of a total of six units built by order of the French naval program in 1930. These ships were designed to outclass the large escorts built by the Italian navy. The design strongly stressed firepower and speed over armour protection, and indeed, Le Fantasque is still to this day the fastest type of destroyer ever built.
In the beginning of the Second World War, Le Fantasque patrolled the Atlantic with the Force de Raid, sinking the German cargo ship Halle on 16 October 1939 and capturing its crew. She also took part in the hunt for the German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee. On 25 November, along with her sister ship Le Terrible and the heavy cruiser Dupleix, she captured the German merchantman Santa Fé.

After the Fall of France, Le Fantasque was assigned to the Vichy French 10th DCT (Division de Contre-Torpilleurs, "destroyer division"), with her sister ships Le Malin and L'Audacieux, based at Dakar. On 23 September 1940, the Allies attacked Dakar. Le Fantasque sailed through the harbour, setting smoke screens and protecting the stronger French units. She took fire from the British ships and aircraft, but was not damaged.

Shortly after Operation Torch, French West Africa and its fleet, including Le Fantasque and her sister Le Terrible, returned to the Allies. In March 1943, she underwent refitting in Boston, repairing damage, adding radars and ASDIC, and reinforcing her anti-aircraft armament. After the refit, she was reclassified as a light cruiser.

On 9 September 1943 she took part in the Salerno landings (Operation Avalanche), providing fire support for the landing force.

On the night of 13–14 September, she landed 250 commandos at Ajaccio, along with ammunition and weapons for the maquis.

On 24 December 1943, she intercepted the German merchant ship Nicoline Maersk, forcing the freighter to run aground near Tortosa, Spain.

In 1944, the 10th DCT, along with her sister-ships Le Terrible and Le Malin, was reconstituted to raid deep in the Adriatic, with the aim of isolating Italy from Yugoslavia. Together they defeated a German convoy just off Ist island in February 1944. On the night of 18–19 March, along with Le Terrible, she encountered a German convoy composed of the large ferry F124, the tugboat Titanic, and three Siebel ferries (SF270, SF273 and SF274); all enemy ships were sunk except for Titanic, which managed to escape to Kyparissia.
On 17 June, along with Le Terrible, she sank the tanker Giuliana and damaged the R5 and R14.
On 15 August, the 10th DCT took part in Operation Dragoon, the Allied landing in Provence.
Between 1945 and 1946, she served in Indochina. In 1950, she was placed in the reserve, reclassified as a "swift escort" and received the pennant number D610. In 1953, she was towed by tug to Toulon, where she was used as a floating barracks. On 2 May 1957, she was struck from the Navy list, renamed Q98, and sold for scrap.

(Somaliland 2011, 1500 a. StG.?)
Internet.

HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY fregate

Built as a frigate as one of Project 1135.1under yard no 208 by Zalvy Shipbuilding, Kerch for the Russian Border Control.
09 July 1991 keel laid down.
29 March 1992 launched as the KIROV.
Displacement 3,150 ton standard, 3,566 ton full load. Dim. 123.5 x 14.3 x 4.7m. (draught).
Powered COGAG by two gasturbines-32, 40,000 shp (30,000 kW) and 2 cruise gas turbines M-62, 14,950 shp (11,150 kW), twin shafts, speed 32 knots, cruising 14 knots.
Range by a speed of 30 knots, 900 mile.
Armament: 1 – twin 9K 33 OSA SAM missile launcher, 33 missiles. 1 – single 100 mm AK 630 CIWS. 2 – sextuple 30mm AK-630 CIWS. 2 – quad 533mm torpedo tubes, 2 – RBI-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers.
Carried maximum 2 Ka-27 helicopters
Crew 180.
June 1992 taken over by Ukraine.
02 April 1993 commissioned.
18 June 1993 renamed in HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY.
05 July 1993 completed.

HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY (Ukrainian: Гетьман Сагайдачний) is a frigate of the Ukrainian Navy that was originally built as a patrol ship of Nerei / Menzhinskiy-class. Homeported at Odessa (since March 2014), she is the flagship of the Ukrainian Navy.
Built at the Zalyv Shipbuilding yard, the ship was intended to be used by the Soviet Border Troops as KIROV However, on 4 July 1993, the newly named (after Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny) HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY raised the flag of the Ukrainian Navy. She was given the identification number of U130.
In 1994, HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY set sail for France to take part in the 50th anniversary commemorations of the Allied invasion of Normandy.
In 1995, HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY visited Abu Dhabi during the "Idex-95" exhibitions. With KOSTIANTYN OLSHANSKY, the frigate visited Norfolk, Virginia in the United States.
The vessel has also visited ports in Algeria, Bulgaria, Egypt, Georgia, Gibraltar, Israel, Portugal, Russia and Turkey.
Between November 2006 and November 2007, she underwent major repairs in Mykolaiv at a cost of 15 million hryvnia.
In 2008, HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY took part in "Operation Active Endeavour" in the Mediterranean Sea.
In February 2013, it was announced that she would be taking part in NATO's "Operation Ocean Shield", an anti-piracy campaign off the Horn of Africa.
HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY joined the Naval Force of the European Union (EUNAVFOR) in early January 2014 for anti-piracy operations. As she refueled in Greece, while Russian forces seized control of Crimea, Russian Senator Igor Morozov claimed on 1 March 2014 that the ship's crew had defected to Russia and raised the Russian flag. Shortly afterwards, independent news organizations reported that the ship was still flying the Ukrainian flag in port in Crete. The commander of the ship confirmed that the crew had never defected to the Russians. It arrived in Odessa under the Ukrainian flag on March 5. On 14 March, the ship encountered a Russian naval group in Ukrainian territorial waters. As HETMAN SAHAYDACHNIY approached the group, they withdrew into international waters. In September, the frigate entered Odessa to undergo repairs.
2016 In service.

Ukraine 2016 5.40K sg?, scott? See also: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10571
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukrainian ... hniy_(U130)
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Endurance (Shackleton)

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby shipstamps » Wed Aug 20, 2008 4:26 pm

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SG45
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SG75
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SG G34
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SG36
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SG32
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SG1375
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The Endurance, of the British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914-16, was built in 1912 by Framnes Mek. Verks, at Sandefjord, and engined by Akers of Christiania. Her gross tonnage was 348 on dimensions 140ft. x 26.4ft. x 14.1ft., and she was the typical Norwegian whaler type of vessel, barquentine-rigged and launched 1912, as Polaris, a 3-masted barquentine with auxiliary steam for polar tourism and polar bear hunting!
Purchased by Shackleton and renamed Endurance. She was ready to sail under the direction of Sir Ernest Shackleton, C.V.O., on August 1, 1914. When the Naval mobilisation order was published on August 3, Shackleton, with the consent of the crew, offered the services of the ship and her crew to the Government. However, the Admiralty did not think the war would last longer than six months and Sir Ernest was told to go ahead with his Antarctic plans.
The Endurance carried a crew of 27 men in addition to the scientific staff. She sailed after Shackleton had been received by the King and assured of his Majesty's approval of the expedition. On this expedition a new coastline was discovered which Sir Ernest named Caird Coast in honour of Sir James Caird, who had subscribed £24,000 towards the cost of the expedition. Like the Deutschland, the Endurance was caught in pack ice, but the conditions were more severe than those experienced by the German ship. The British vessel was trapped on January 19, 1915, and crushed on October 27, 1915, finally sinking beneath the ice 25 days later.
The crew took to the ice, which drifted across the Weddell Sea. When it was obvious the pack ice was breaking up, they took to the ship's boats which had been saved when the Endurance went down and on April 16, reached Elephant Island.
What followed is an epic of the Antarctic—how Sir Ernest Shackleton left 22 men on Elephant Island, while he chose five men to accompany him in an open boat (the James Caird) to cross 800 miles of Antarctic seas to bring food and relief to the shipwrecked crew. Having successfully accomplished the almost impossible in a voyage of a fortnight, a mountain range of three ridges had to be crossed, one 5,000ft. high and covered in ice with dangerous precipices, before civilisation could be reached. It took them 36hrs. to overcome this obstacle. Eventually, Sir Ernest was able to effect the rescue of the Endurance's crew on Elephant Island, but it was not until several attempts had been made by the whaler, Southern Sky, the Uruguayan Government trawler Institute de Pesca, the British schooner Emma, and the Chilean Navy tender Yelcho, all led by Shackleton, that a way through the ice was found and the crew were picked up 41/2 months after their leader had left them. During the whole of that time Shackleton had thought of nothing but their relief.

Detail from BAT philatelic
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton 1874-1922

Expeditions: British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04 in Discovery. British Antarctic Expedition 1907-09 in Nimrod. Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17 in Endurance. Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition 1921-22 in Quest. Discoveries: Beardmore Glacier, South Magnetic Pole, Caird Coast.
Voyage: British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17.

Aus Ant SG45, Brit Ant SG75,249 Chile 1375 Fal Is Dep SG G34 Ross Dep SG36 South Georgia SG32.
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Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Mar 01, 2015 3:56 am

2015 South Georgia.JPG
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Built under yard 87 by Framnæs Mek. Verks., Sandefjord, Norway for a company formed by Lars Christensen from Norway and Adrien de Gerlach from Belgian.
17 December 1912 launched as the POLARIS.
Tonnage 348 gross, dim. 42.67 x 8.04 x 4.28m.
One auxiliary coal fired triple expansion steam engine, 350 hp, one shaft, speed 10.2 knots.
Rigged as a three-masted barkentine.
24 August 1913 completed.

She was designed for the new formed company as a polar safari ship with paying guests, but when delivered the new formed company could not made the last payment, and the POLARIS was laid up waiting for a new buyer.
When Shackleton also short by cash was looking for a polar expedition vessel, and he did not have to pay for the POLARIS straight away but after some time, bought her for 225.000NKroner.
She was renamed in ENDURANCE.
The ENDURANCE was the three-masted barquentine in which Sir Ernest Shackleton sailed for the Antarctic on the 1914 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. She was launched in 1912 from Sandefjord in Norway and was crushed by ice, causing her to sink, three years later in the Weddell Sea off Antarctica.
Designed by Ole Aanderud Larsen, the ENDURANCE was built at the Framnæs shipyard in Sandefjord, Norway and fully completed 24 August 1913. She was built under the supervision of master wood shipbuilder Christian Jacobsen, who was renowned for insisting that all men employed under him not just be skilled shipwrights, but also be experienced in seafaring aboard whaling or sealing ships. Every detail of her construction had been scrupulously planned to ensure maximum durability, for example every joint and every fitting cross-braced each other for maximum strength
She was launched on December 17, 1912 and was initially christened the POLARIS (eponymous with Polaris, the North Star). She was 144 feet (44 m) long, with a 25 feet (7.6 m) beam and weighed 350 short tons (320 t). Though her black hull looked from the outside like that of any other vessel of a comparable size, it was not. She was designed for polar conditions with a very sturdy construction. Her keel members were four pieces of solid oak, one above the other, adding up to a thickness of 85 inches (2,200 mm), while her sides were between 30 inches (760 mm) and 18 inches (460 mm) thick, with twice as many frames as normal and the frames being of double thickness. She was built of planks of oak and Norwegian fir up to 30 inches (760 mm) thick, sheathed in greenheart, a notably strong and heavy wood. Her bow, where she would meet the ice head-on, had been given special attention. Each timber had been made from a single oak tree chosen for its shape so that is natural shape followed the curve of her design. When put together, these pieces had a thickness of 52 inches (1,300 mm).
Of her three masts, the forward one was square-rigged while the after two carried fore and aft sails, like a schooner. As well as sails, ENDURANCE had a 350 horsepower (260 kW) coal-fired steam engine capable of driving her at speeds up to 10.2 knots (18.9 km/h; 11.7 mph).
By the time she was launched on December 17, 1912, POLARIS was perhaps the strongest wooden ship ever built, with the possible exception of the FRAM, the vessel used by Fridtjof Nansen and later by Roald Amundsen. However, there was one major difference between the ships. The FRAM was bowl-bottomed, which meant that if the ice closed in against her she would be squeezed up and out and not be subject to the pressure of the ice compressing around her. But since the POLARIS was designed to operate in relatively loose pack ice she was not constructed so as to rise out of pressure to any great extent.
She was built for Adrien de Gerlache and Lars Christensen. They intended to use her for polar cruises for tourists to hunt polar bears. Financial problems leading to de Gerlache pulling out of their partnership meant that Christensen was happy to sell the boat to Ernest Shackleton for GB£11,600 (approx US$67,000), less than cost. He is reported to have said he was happy to take the loss in order to further the plans of an explorer of Shackleton's stature 'After Shackleton's purchasing her, she was rechristened ENDURANCE after the Shackleton family motto "Fortitudine vincimus" (By endurance we conquer).
Shackleton sailed with ENDURANCE from Plymouth, England on August 6, 1914 and set course for Buenos Aires, Argentina. This was ENDURANCE's first major cruising since her completion and amounted to a shakedown cruise. The trip across the Atlantic took more than two months. Built for the ice, her hull was considered by many of its crew too rounded for the open ocean.
On October 26, 1914 ENDURANCE sailed from Buenos Aires to her last port of call, the Grytviken whaling station on the island of South Georgia off the southern tip of South America, where she arrived on November 5. She departed from Grytviken for her final voyage on December 5, 1914 towards the southern regions of the Weddell Sea.
Two days after leaving from South Georgia, ENDURANCE encountered polar pack ice and progress slowed down. For weeks Endurance twisted and squirmed her way through the pack. She kept moving but averaged less than 30 miles (48 km) per day. By January 15, Endurance was within 200 miles (320 km) of its destination, Vahsel Bay. However by the following day heavy pack ice was sighted in the morning and in the afternoon a blowing gale developed. Under these conditions it was soon evident progress could not be made, and ENDURANCE took shelter under the lee of a large grounded berg. During the next two days ENDURANCE dogged back and forth under the sheltering protection of the berg.
On January 18 the gale began to moderate and thus ENDURANCE, one day short of her destination, set the topsail with the engine at slow. The pack had blown away. Progress was made slowly until hours later ENDURANCE encountered the pack once more. It was decided to move forward and work through the pack, and at 5pm ENDURANCE entered it. However it was noticed that this ice was different from what had been encountered before. The ship was soon engulfed by thick but soft ice floes. The ship floated in a soupy sea of mushy brash ice. The ship was beset. The gale now increased its intensity and kept blowing for another six days from a northerly direction towards land. By January 24, the wind had completely compressed the ice in the whole Weddell Sea against the land. The ice had packed snugly around ENDURANCE. All that could be done was to wait for a southerly gale that would start pushing, decompressing and opening the ice in the other direction. Instead the days passed and the pack remained unchanged.
ENDURANCE drifted for months while remaining beset in the ice in the Weddell Sea and drifted with it. The ice kept compressing it until ENDURANCE could not endure the pressure and was crushed on October 27, 1915. On the morning of November 21, 1915, the ENDURANCE bow began to sink under the ice. Like RMS TITANIC, the Endurance went vertical, her stern rising into the air, then disappearing beneath the ice. The ENDURANCE is considered the last ship of her kind.
It is said that Shackleton placed advertisements in London newspapers that read:
"MEN WANTED: For hazardous journey. Small wages, bitter cold, long months of complete darkness, constant danger, safe return doubtful. Honour and recognition in case of success. Sir Ernest Shackleton."
The crew of the Endurance in its final voyage was made up of the 28 men Blackborrow was originally refused a post aboard the vessel due to his young age and inexperience and decided to stow away, helped to sneak aboard by William Blakewell, a friend of his, and Walter How. By the time he was found, the expedition was far enough out that Shackleton had no choice but to make him a steward. Blackborrow eventually proved his worth, earning the Bronze Polar Medal, and the honour of becoming the first human being ever to set foot on Elephant Island. His name is also the matter of some debate—it is sometimes spelled Percy, or Blackboro, or in other ways.
Alfred Lansing wrote a book titled Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage about the ordeal that Shackleton and his men endured aboard the ship. It became a bestseller when first published in 1959. Subsequent reprints have made it a recurrent bestseller; the last time being in the late 1990s.
Two Antarctic patrol ships of the British Royal Navy have been named ENDURANCE in honour of Shackleton's ship. The first HMS ENDURANCE (originally named ANITA DAN) was launched in May 1956 and awarded Pennant number A171 sometime later. She acted as an ice patrol and hydrographic survey ship until 1986. Today's modern HMS ENDURANCE, nicknamed The Red Plum, is a class 1A1 ice-breaker bought from Norway in 1992 where she had been known as MV POLAR CIRCLE. She is based at Portsmouth but makes annual forays to Antarctica where she can penetrate through 0.9 metres (2 ft 11 in) of ice at a speed of 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph). She has a complement of 126 marine personnel and carries two Westland Lynx helicopters.
In 1998 wreckage found at Stinker Point on the south western side of Elephant Island was incorrectly identified as flotsam from the ship. It in fact belonged to the 1877 wreck of the Connecticut sealing ship CHARLES SHEARER In 2001 wreck hunter David Mearns unsuccessfully planned an expedition to find the wreck of the Endurance By 2003 two rival groups were making plans for an expedition to find the wreck, however no expedition was actually mounted. In 2010 Mearns announced a new plan to search for the wreck. The plan is sponsored by the National Geographic Society but is subject to finding sponsorship for the balance of the U.S. $10 million estimated cost.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endurance_(1912_ship)"

The 10p stamp features Ernest Shackleton and his Imperial Transantarctic Expedition ship ENDURANCE. The Weddell Sea party of the expedition visited South Georgia in November 1914 to take on coal and other stores and refit the ship before sailing for Antarctica. While in Buenos Aires, Shackleton was warned that it might be a bad year for ice in the Weddell Sea so he delayed his departure from South Georgia for a month. This gave time for scientific work to be carried out. Unfortunately most of the records and specimens were lost when ENDURANCE was crushed by the ice and sank. Shackleton is buried in the cemetery at Grytviken.

Source: South Georgia Post.

South Georgia & Sandwich Islands 2015 10p sg?, scott?
Maldives 2015 20M and 60M sg?, scott?
Solomon Islands 2015 $40 sgMS?, scott?
Sierra Leone 2015 6000L sgMS?, scott? sgMS?, scott?
Guina 2015 10.000f sgMS?, scott?
aukepalmhof
 
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Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby ptvisnes » Sat Feb 06, 2016 8:11 pm

More issues with "Endurance" (1912)

British Antarctic Territory
1994. 76p+4p. Mi 234. SG 249. Sc B4
2000. 35p. Mi 298. SG 312. Sc 285
2000. 40p. Mi 299. SG 313. Sc XXX
2005. 42p. Mi 397. SG 400. Sc 350
2005. 55p. Mi 410. SG 409. Sc 363
2005. £1. Mi 411. SG 410. Sc 364
2008. 4v. Mi Bl 15. SG MS 473. Sc 399d
2013. 6v. Mi (640-45) Bl 25. SG xxx. Sc 470 a-f
2013. 75p. Mi 645. SG xxx. Sc 470f
2014. 65p. Mi xxx. SG xxx. Sc 471
2014. 65p. Mi xxx. SG xxx. Sc 472
Falkland Islands
2000. 17p. Mi 776. SG 867. Sc 758
2000. 45p. Mi 777. SG 868. Sc 759
Ireland
2004. 48c/48c. Mi 1569/70. SG 1637/38. Sc xxx
2004. 65c/65c. Mi 1573/74 Bl 15. In margin
Great Britain
2003. 42p. Mi 2107. SG 2363. Sc 2121
South Georgia & SSI
2009. 55p. Mi 473. SG 472. Sc 385
2011. £1.15. Mi 549. SG 549. Sc 442b
2014. 12v.
Ross Dependency
2015. 80c. Mi xxx. SG xxx. Sc xxx
ptvisnes
 
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Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Sun May 22, 2016 6:54 pm

endurance 1.jpg
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endurance in ijs.jpg
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endurance ierland.png
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British Antarctic Territory 2014, 2x 65 p. StG.?
Ireland 2004, 2x 48 c. StG.1637/38
D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen
 
Posts: 586
Joined: Fri Sep 24, 2010 7:46 pm


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