SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year. Full membership includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

Anjou P.F.- Arctic explorer Admiral.

Peter F. Anjou (1796-1869) was from a family of French immigrants. Educated in the Marine Corps, released in 1815. Five years later he was appointed head of Ust-Yana polar expedition, which operated as part of a large expedition to study north-eastern coast of Siberia, under the leadership of Wrangell. Group of Anjou investigated Siberian Islands, studied the state of the ice in the Laptevs Sea. Composed primarily a relatively accurate map of the New Siberian Islands. The central island group of the Novosibirsk archipelago, cape and peninsula in the Sea of Japan., The cape in the sea Laptevs. It was named in his honor. In 1825-26 he participated in the description of the North and eastern coasts of the Caspian Sea and the west coast of the Aral Sea. The results of the expedition set out in "Notes of the Hydrographic Department" After returning from the Arctic served in the Navy, he participated in the liberation of Greece, in 1827 distinguished himself in the Battle of Navarino. Later he served on various ships of the Baltic Fleet. From 1844 - Rear Admiral, commander of the port of Kronstadt. In 1849 he appointed a member of the scientific committee of the sea. In 1855, promoted to vice-admiral and appointed director of the Department of Forests ship.
Russia 1996;750;FDC;SG?
Source: http://irkipedia.ru/content/anzhu_petr_fedorovich. http://www.navy.su/persons/01/anzhu.htm

CHESAPEAKE USS 1800

Built as a wooden frigate by Joshia Fox at the Gosport Naval Yard for the USS Navy.
27 March 1794 ordered.
December 1795 keel laid down.
02 December 1799 launched as the USS CHESAPEAKE, the first under that name in the USS Navy.
Tonnage 1,244 ton, dim. 46.5 (lpp) x 12.6 x 6.1m.
Armament; 29 – 18 pdr long guns, 18 – 32 pdr. carronades, 2 – 12pdr. long guns, 1 – 12pdr. carronade.
Crew 340.
22 May 1800 commissioned under command of Captain J Barron.

CHESAPEAKE sailed from Norfolk 6 June 1800 to join the squadron patrolling off the southern coast of the United States and in the West Indies during the Quasi-War with France. During this cruise, she took as prize the French privateer La JEUNE CREOLE on 1 January 1801. One of the handful of ships retained in the Navy at the close of the war, CHESAPEAKE was in ordinary at Norfolk during most of 1801, then was readied for her departure from Hampton Roads on 27 April 1802, bound for the Mediterranean as flagship for Commodore Richard V. Morris. Here she led in the blockade of Tripoli and convoyed American merchantmen until 6 April 1803, when she departed Gibraltar for America. Arriving at Washington Navy Yard 1 June, CHESAPEAKE was placed in ordinary.
As tension mounted over violations of American neutrality and the practice of impressment of American seamen by the British, CHESAPEAKE was prepared for patrol and convoy duty, and late in June 1807 stood out of Hampton Roads, passing a British squadron operating in the area to intercept French ships then at Annapolis. One of the squadron, HMS LEOPARD followed CHESAPEAKE to sea, and on 22 June, when CHESAPEAKE 's captain properly refused to allow search for British deserters, LEOPARD fired on the unready CHESAPEAKE , killing three men, wounding 18, including the captain, damaging the ship severely, and carried off four men. The frigate returned to Norfolk for repairs, and then with Captain Stephen Decatur in command, cruised off the New England coast enforcing the embargo laws.
With the outbreak of the War of 1812, for which CHESAPEAKE’s encounter with LEOPARD was one of a number of emotional preparations, CHESAPEAKE was outfitted at Boston for a lengthy Atlantic cruise. Between 13 December 1812 and 9 April 1813, she ranged from the West Indies to Africa, taking as prizes five British merchantmen, and through skilful seamanship, evading the pursuit of a British 74 gun warship.
At Boston, Captain J. Lawrence took command of CHESAPEAKE 20 May 1813, and on 1 June, put to sea to meet HMS SHANNON (38), the crack frigate whose written challenge had just missed CHESAPEAKE’s sailing. With a new untrained crew, Lawrence courageously but unwisely engaged SHANNON, and suffered the misfortune of having CHESAPEAKE’s rigging cut away in the early exchange of broadsides in such a manner that she lost maneuverability. Lawrence, himself, was mortally wounded, and was carried below. The valiant crew struggled to carry out their captain's last order, "Don't give up the ship!", but were overwhelmed. CHESAPEAKE was taken to Halifax for repairs, and later was taken into the Royal Navy. She was sold at Plymouth, England, in 1820, and broken up.
Wikipedia has more on her: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_CHESAPEAKE_(1799)
1.
Source: Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
Antigua & Barbuda 2012 $2.75 sg?, scott? The HMS SHANNON is the ship in the foreground while the CHESAPEAKE is behind her.

JUNK fishing vessel

When recorded in 1924 Chinese junk “da tuo” (“Big Pull”) “Hong Kong Trawler” was the generic name given to large local fishing sailing junks in the waters around Hong Kong, Macau and Southern China with LOA (length overall) 72 – 86 feet (22 – 26.3 m) and beam upto 20 feet (6.4 m). This class includes junks ”xia jiu tuo” (in Cantonese “ha kau tuo”), ”qi bang tuo” (in Cantonese “chat pong tuo”), “zan zeng” or “heng zeng” (in Cantonese “cham chang” or “vang chang”).

Da Tuo is normally a gill-net trawler working fishing grounds where the seabed is smooth, flat sandy and rock free.

Traditionally fishermen are “tan ka” who lived onboard with their families. From October through May, the typhoon off-season, the larger junks would spend 7-10 days at sea at upto 100 nautical miles offshore working in pairs trawling a 250 foot (76 m) net..

http://www.greatmodelboat.com/hong-kong-junk-boats.htm
Hong Kong 1986 $5.00 sg524

SHANNON HMS 1806

Built as a wooden 5th Rate frigate by Josiah & Thomas Brindley, Frindsbury for the Royal Navy.
24 October 1803 ordered.
August 1804 laid down.
05 May 1806 launched as the HMS SHANNON one of the Leda Class.
Tonnage 1,065 ton burthen. Dim. 45.77 length of gundeck, 38.26 length of keel, beam 12.17, depth 3.94m.
Armament, upper deck 28 x 18pdrs, quarter deck 8 x 9pdrs; and 6 – 3pdrs.carronades, fo’c’sle 2 x 9 pdrs; and 2 x 32pdr. carronades.
Crew 284 when commissioned later increased to 300.
May 1806 commissioned under command of Captain Philip Broke.
03 August 1806 completed at Chatham.

HMS SHANNON was a 38-gun Leda-class frigate of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1806 and served in the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812. She won a noteworthy naval victory on 1 June 1813, during the latter conflict, when she captured the American Navy's USS CHESAPEAKE in a singularly bloody battle.
Career
Josiah and Thomas Brindley built SHANNON at Frindsbury in Kent and launched her on 5 May 1806. She spent her first seven years under the command of Captain Philip Broke, who was transferred from DRUID and took command of SHANNON in June that year.
Home waters
SHANNON was quickly put into service. She formed part of a squadron under Commodore Owen that was patrolling off the French port of Boulogne. On 8 October she took part in the bombardment of the town using Congreve rockets.
Her next task was sailing in 1807 with MELEAGER to protect the whale fishery off Greenland. Despite encountering ice on 7 May 1807, they were able to push through, reaching the southern part of Spitsbergen on 17 June. There the two ships surveyed the Bay of Magdalena, at a latitude of 80°N. They eventually reached a latitude of 80° 6' N before the ice stopped them. They then turned westwards and reached the coast of Greenland on 23 July. The island of Shannon is named after the ship. SHANNON spent the early autumn cruising from Shetland. She then left, returning to Yarmouth by the end of September, where she cruised off the Downs. She put into Spithead on 28 September to refit.
By the end of 1807, France had invaded Portugal, and SHANNON joined Sir Samuel Hood's expedition against Madeira. The British took the island without firing a shot. Captain Broke then escorted the transports that had accompanied the fleet back to England, where they arrived on 7 February 1808. SHANNON put into Plymouth before returning to patrolling in the Channel.
On 20 July SHANNON was in company with SURINAM and ÉCLAIR when they captured COMET. Then on 21 August, SHANNON was in company with SURINAM and MARTIAL when they captured ESPOIR.
In November 1808, SHANNON took the French frigate THÉTIS in tow. AMETHYST had shortly before captured THÉTIS, which later entered service as HMS BRUNE.
SHANNON spent 1809 with the Channel Fleet and on 27 January captured the French 14-gun privateer cutter POMMEREUIL Broke sent the prize into Plymouth.
On 1 June 1811, SHANNON returned to Plymouth and was put into the dock where her hull was re-coppered. After this was completed, she sailed for Portsmouth to complete her refitting and resupplying in preparation for being assigned to foreign service.
The American coast
Broke and SHANNON were ordered to sail for North America as tensions between Britain and the United States escalated in the run-up to what would become the War of 1812. SHANNON sailed from Portsmouth and arrived in Halifax on 24 September 1811 after a journey of 45 days.
On 5 July 1812 Broke took command of a squadron consisting of SHANNON, AFRICA, BELVIDERA, AEOLUS and later GUERRIERE. Vice-Admiral Herbert Sawyer then ordered him to carry out a blockade of American ports.
Broke's first success came on 16 July when he captured the 16-gun American brig NAUTILUS s off Sandy Hook. NAUTILUS had been on a cruise from New York.
Later in the evening, the squadron spotted and gave chase to USS CONSTITUTION as she sailed from Chesapeake Bay to New York. The chase lasted some 65 hours, during which both pursued and pursuers had to tow and warp. BELVIDERA eventually managed to come within gunshot of CONSTITUTION on the afternoon of 17 July, but a lucky breeze blew up, and CONSTITUTION's clean bottom allowed her to make good her escape.
SHANNON's next duty was to meet a convoy homebound from Jamaica. An American squadron under Commodore John Rodgers had sailed to intercept it. SHANNON ensured the convoy safely passed the Great Banks, before she returned to the American coast. She put into Halifax on 20 September to take on provisions. Sir John Warren arrived while she was in port, and took up the post of Commander in Chief of the North America and West Indies Station. He then despatched SHANNON with the schooner BREAM to rescue the crew and offload the money being carried by the frigate HMS BARBADOES, which had been wrecked on Sable Island.[4] While carrying out this mission, SHANNON encountered and subsequently captured an enemy privateer schooner, Wily REYNARD on 11 October, that she took back to Halifax with her.
On 31 October, while SHANNON was cruising with TENEDOS, NYMPHE and CURLEW, Broke captured the American privateer brig THORN. THORN was armed with eighteen long 9-pounder guns and had a crew of 140 men. She was three weeks out of Marblehead on her first cruise. Sent to Halifax with a prize crew, THORN was subsequently purchased and renamed as the Nova Scotia privateer brig SIR JOHN SHERBROOKE.
Sir John Warren was at Bermuda during the winter of 1812, and left Broke in command of the Royal Navy squadrons operating on the coasts of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and New England. In December Broke took the SHANNON and escorted a homebound convoy half way across the Atlantic, returning to North America by sailing round the Azores. In 1813, Captain Oliver arrived on the station aboard the 74-gun third rate VALIANT, and took command from Captain Broke. Broke continued to deploy with his squadron until SHANNON and TENEDOS became separated from them in a gale. They decided to steer for Boston, reaching the port on 2 April. Having observed the activity in the port, they returned to their squadron and reported the presence of the American frigates CONGRESS, PRESIDENT and CONSTITUTION. In their absence, CHESAPEAKE had entered the harbour through the eastern channel.
Captain Capel aboard HOGUE ordered SHANNON and TENEDOS to watch the port from close inshore, while the rest of the squadron cruised in the offing. On 16 May SHANNON and TENEDOS chased a large armed ship under American colours, and forced her to run aground near Cape Ann Town. SHANNON anchored close to the grounded ship and fired a few shots to disperse a number of militiamen who were assembling. Lieutenant George Watt of SHANNON then managed to bring the ship off the shore without loss. She was the French corvette-built privateer INVINCIBLE, of 16 guns, originally named INVINCIBLE NAPOLEON. HMS MUTINE had captured INVINCIBLE NAPOLEON in the Bay of Biscay but the American privateer ALEXANDER had retaken her. A prize crew from SHANNON sailed INVINCIBLE for Halifax but the American privateer TEAZER captured her again and sent her into Portland, Maine.
On 25 March SHANNON took on stores of water and provisions from TENEDOS, which was then detached, with orders to rejoin the SHANNON on 14 June.
Fighting the CHESAPEAKE
Issuing a challenge
During his long period in command of SHANNON, Broke had drilled his crew to an extremely high standard of naval gunnery.
"The weekly routine at sea was for the watch on deck to be exercised at the great guns on Monday and Tuesday forenoons, and in the afternoons the first division of the watch was exercised at small arms. Wednesday and Thursday forenoons saw the watch on deck at the carronades, and in the afternoons the second division of the watch at small...

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

The Marine Protected Area of South Georgia & Sandwich Islands was instituted on February 23, 2012, covering a total of 20,431 square kilometres of the Southern Ocean, including all the shelf seas (<200m deep). All bottom fishing, apart from the certain types of long-line toothfish fishery (75p stamp) is banned throughout the Protected Area

65p ~ 'Surveillance'. Fisheries Protection Vessel Pharos SG, and king penguins, Aptenodytes patagonicus. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9161&p=9326&hilit=pharos#p9326 65p ~ 'Tourism'. Visiting cruise ship and elephant seals, not any information or details on the cruise ship.
75p ~ 'Fisheries'. Fishing boats long-line fishing for Patagonian toothfish (permitted only between 700m and 2000m) viewtopic.php?f=2&t=15589
75p ~ 'Scientific Monitoring'. Grey-headed albatross chick on a scale
£1 ~ 'Pelagic Abundance'. Antarctic krill, lantern fish, and squid
£1.20 ~ 'Benthic Diversity'. Array of benthic fauna, including kelp, sea stars, sea anemone

South Georgia & Sandwich Islands 2012. Sg?
Source: South Georgia & Sandwich Islands 2012

handline fishing sampan

This stamp shows us a sampan used as a handline fishing vessel, details of a sampan you can find in the index, otherwise I have not any detail on this vessel.

Handline fishing, or handlining, is a fishing technique where a single fishing line is held in the hands. It is not be confused with handfishing. One or more fishing lures or baited hooks are attached to the line. A hook, fishing lure, or a fishing jig and many times a weight and/or a fishing float can be attached to the line. Handlining is among the oldest forms of fishing and is commonly practiced throughout the world today.
The fishing bait can be still fished, trolled or jigged up and down in a series of short movements. Often handling is done close to the bottom of the body of water but can also be done near or on the surface.

Salt Water Handlining
Ocean handlining is often used to catch groundfish and squid but other species are sometimes caught, including pelagic fish. Sea handlining a good way to catch larger oceanic fish.

Freshwater Handlining
Handlining is also used for catching fresh water fish. Panfish, walleyes, and other freshwater game fish can be caught using handlining fishing techniques. Handlining can be practiced from the shore or from a fishing boat. Walleye anglers practice handlining over moderately deep water in a drifting boat. Handlining is also practiced by ice fishing anglers.

Handlining Techniques
A jigging motion can be used to attract fish which are normally caught while trying to strike the lure but they can also be snagged by the hooks as they investigate the jigged lure. The lure can also be fished motionless and the angler feels for the bait to be picked up by a fish and then sets the hook after waiting for the fish to fully take the bait. After a strike occurs the hook is set and then the fish is hauled in and the caught fish is removed.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handline_fishing
Hong Kong 1986 50c sg521, scott?
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Endurance (Shackleton)

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby shipstamps » Wed Aug 20, 2008 4:26 pm

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The Endurance, of the British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914-16, was built in 1912 by Framnes Mek. Verks, at Sandefjord, and engined by Akers of Christiania. Her gross tonnage was 348 on dimensions 140ft. x 26.4ft. x 14.1ft., and she was the typical Norwegian whaler type of vessel, barquentine-rigged and launched 1912, as Polaris, a 3-masted barquentine with auxiliary steam for polar tourism and polar bear hunting!
Purchased by Shackleton and renamed Endurance. She was ready to sail under the direction of Sir Ernest Shackleton, C.V.O., on August 1, 1914. When the Naval mobilisation order was published on August 3, Shackleton, with the consent of the crew, offered the services of the ship and her crew to the Government. However, the Admiralty did not think the war would last longer than six months and Sir Ernest was told to go ahead with his Antarctic plans.
The Endurance carried a crew of 27 men in addition to the scientific staff. She sailed after Shackleton had been received by the King and assured of his Majesty's approval of the expedition. On this expedition a new coastline was discovered which Sir Ernest named Caird Coast in honour of Sir James Caird, who had subscribed £24,000 towards the cost of the expedition. Like the Deutschland, the Endurance was caught in pack ice, but the conditions were more severe than those experienced by the German ship. The British vessel was trapped on January 19, 1915, and crushed on October 27, 1915, finally sinking beneath the ice 25 days later.
The crew took to the ice, which drifted across the Weddell Sea. When it was obvious the pack ice was breaking up, they took to the ship's boats which had been saved when the Endurance went down and on April 16, reached Elephant Island.
What followed is an epic of the Antarctic—how Sir Ernest Shackleton left 22 men on Elephant Island, while he chose five men to accompany him in an open boat (the James Caird) to cross 800 miles of Antarctic seas to bring food and relief to the shipwrecked crew. Having successfully accomplished the almost impossible in a voyage of a fortnight, a mountain range of three ridges had to be crossed, one 5,000ft. high and covered in ice with dangerous precipices, before civilisation could be reached. It took them 36hrs. to overcome this obstacle. Eventually, Sir Ernest was able to effect the rescue of the Endurance's crew on Elephant Island, but it was not until several attempts had been made by the whaler, Southern Sky, the Uruguayan Government trawler Institute de Pesca, the British schooner Emma, and the Chilean Navy tender Yelcho, all led by Shackleton, that a way through the ice was found and the crew were picked up 41/2 months after their leader had left them. During the whole of that time Shackleton had thought of nothing but their relief.

Detail from BAT philatelic
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton 1874-1922

Expeditions: British National Antarctic Expedition 1901-04 in Discovery. British Antarctic Expedition 1907-09 in Nimrod. Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17 in Endurance. Shackleton-Rowett Antarctic Expedition 1921-22 in Quest. Discoveries: Beardmore Glacier, South Magnetic Pole, Caird Coast.
Voyage: British Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1914-17.

Aus Ant SG45, Brit Ant SG75,249 Chile 1375 Fal Is Dep SG G34 Ross Dep SG36 South Georgia SG32.
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Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Mar 01, 2015 3:56 am

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Built under yard 87 by Framnæs Mek. Verks., Sandefjord, Norway for a company formed by Lars Christensen from Norway and Adrien de Gerlach from Belgian.
17 December 1912 launched as the POLARIS.
Tonnage 348 gross, dim. 42.67 x 8.04 x 4.28m.
One auxiliary coal fired triple expansion steam engine, 350 hp, one shaft, speed 10.2 knots.
Rigged as a three-masted barkentine.
24 August 1913 completed.

She was designed for the new formed company as a polar safari ship with paying guests, but when delivered the new formed company could not made the last payment, and the POLARIS was laid up waiting for a new buyer.
When Shackleton also short by cash was looking for a polar expedition vessel, and he did not have to pay for the POLARIS straight away but after some time, bought her for 225.000NKroner.
She was renamed in ENDURANCE.
The ENDURANCE was the three-masted barquentine in which Sir Ernest Shackleton sailed for the Antarctic on the 1914 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. She was launched in 1912 from Sandefjord in Norway and was crushed by ice, causing her to sink, three years later in the Weddell Sea off Antarctica.
Designed by Ole Aanderud Larsen, the ENDURANCE was built at the Framnæs shipyard in Sandefjord, Norway and fully completed 24 August 1913. She was built under the supervision of master wood shipbuilder Christian Jacobsen, who was renowned for insisting that all men employed under him not just be skilled shipwrights, but also be experienced in seafaring aboard whaling or sealing ships. Every detail of her construction had been scrupulously planned to ensure maximum durability, for example every joint and every fitting cross-braced each other for maximum strength
She was launched on December 17, 1912 and was initially christened the POLARIS (eponymous with Polaris, the North Star). She was 144 feet (44 m) long, with a 25 feet (7.6 m) beam and weighed 350 short tons (320 t). Though her black hull looked from the outside like that of any other vessel of a comparable size, it was not. She was designed for polar conditions with a very sturdy construction. Her keel members were four pieces of solid oak, one above the other, adding up to a thickness of 85 inches (2,200 mm), while her sides were between 30 inches (760 mm) and 18 inches (460 mm) thick, with twice as many frames as normal and the frames being of double thickness. She was built of planks of oak and Norwegian fir up to 30 inches (760 mm) thick, sheathed in greenheart, a notably strong and heavy wood. Her bow, where she would meet the ice head-on, had been given special attention. Each timber had been made from a single oak tree chosen for its shape so that is natural shape followed the curve of her design. When put together, these pieces had a thickness of 52 inches (1,300 mm).
Of her three masts, the forward one was square-rigged while the after two carried fore and aft sails, like a schooner. As well as sails, ENDURANCE had a 350 horsepower (260 kW) coal-fired steam engine capable of driving her at speeds up to 10.2 knots (18.9 km/h; 11.7 mph).
By the time she was launched on December 17, 1912, POLARIS was perhaps the strongest wooden ship ever built, with the possible exception of the FRAM, the vessel used by Fridtjof Nansen and later by Roald Amundsen. However, there was one major difference between the ships. The FRAM was bowl-bottomed, which meant that if the ice closed in against her she would be squeezed up and out and not be subject to the pressure of the ice compressing around her. But since the POLARIS was designed to operate in relatively loose pack ice she was not constructed so as to rise out of pressure to any great extent.
She was built for Adrien de Gerlache and Lars Christensen. They intended to use her for polar cruises for tourists to hunt polar bears. Financial problems leading to de Gerlache pulling out of their partnership meant that Christensen was happy to sell the boat to Ernest Shackleton for GB£11,600 (approx US$67,000), less than cost. He is reported to have said he was happy to take the loss in order to further the plans of an explorer of Shackleton's stature 'After Shackleton's purchasing her, she was rechristened ENDURANCE after the Shackleton family motto "Fortitudine vincimus" (By endurance we conquer).
Shackleton sailed with ENDURANCE from Plymouth, England on August 6, 1914 and set course for Buenos Aires, Argentina. This was ENDURANCE's first major cruising since her completion and amounted to a shakedown cruise. The trip across the Atlantic took more than two months. Built for the ice, her hull was considered by many of its crew too rounded for the open ocean.
On October 26, 1914 ENDURANCE sailed from Buenos Aires to her last port of call, the Grytviken whaling station on the island of South Georgia off the southern tip of South America, where she arrived on November 5. She departed from Grytviken for her final voyage on December 5, 1914 towards the southern regions of the Weddell Sea.
Two days after leaving from South Georgia, ENDURANCE encountered polar pack ice and progress slowed down. For weeks Endurance twisted and squirmed her way through the pack. She kept moving but averaged less than 30 miles (48 km) per day. By January 15, Endurance was within 200 miles (320 km) of its destination, Vahsel Bay. However by the following day heavy pack ice was sighted in the morning and in the afternoon a blowing gale developed. Under these conditions it was soon evident progress could not be made, and ENDURANCE took shelter under the lee of a large grounded berg. During the next two days ENDURANCE dogged back and forth under the sheltering protection of the berg.
On January 18 the gale began to moderate and thus ENDURANCE, one day short of her destination, set the topsail with the engine at slow. The pack had blown away. Progress was made slowly until hours later ENDURANCE encountered the pack once more. It was decided to move forward and work through the pack, and at 5pm ENDURANCE entered it. However it was noticed that this ice was different from what had been encountered before. The ship was soon engulfed by thick but soft ice floes. The ship floated in a soupy sea of mushy brash ice. The ship was beset. The gale now increased its intensity and kept blowing for another six days from a northerly direction towards land. By January 24, the wind had completely compressed the ice in the whole Weddell Sea against the land. The ice had packed snugly around ENDURANCE. All that could be done was to wait for a southerly gale that would start pushing, decompressing and opening the ice in the other direction. Instead the days passed and the pack remained unchanged.
ENDURANCE drifted for months while remaining beset in the ice in the Weddell Sea and drifted with it. The ice kept compressing it until ENDURANCE could not endure the pressure and was crushed on October 27, 1915. On the morning of November 21, 1915, the ENDURANCE bow began to sink under the ice. Like RMS TITANIC, the Endurance went vertical, her stern rising into the air, then disappearing beneath the ice. The ENDURANCE is considered the last ship of her kind.
It is said that Shackleton placed advertisements in London newspapers that read:
"MEN WANTED: For hazardous journey. Small wages, bitter cold, long months of complete darkness, constant danger, safe return doubtful. Honour and recognition in case of success. Sir Ernest Shackleton."
The crew of the Endurance in its final voyage was made up of the 28 men Blackborrow was originally refused a post aboard the vessel due to his young age and inexperience and decided to stow away, helped to sneak aboard by William Blakewell, a friend of his, and Walter How. By the time he was found, the expedition was far enough out that Shackleton had no choice but to make him a steward. Blackborrow eventually proved his worth, earning the Bronze Polar Medal, and the honour of becoming the first human being ever to set foot on Elephant Island. His name is also the matter of some debate—it is sometimes spelled Percy, or Blackboro, or in other ways.
Alfred Lansing wrote a book titled Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage about the ordeal that Shackleton and his men endured aboard the ship. It became a bestseller when first published in 1959. Subsequent reprints have made it a recurrent bestseller; the last time being in the late 1990s.
Two Antarctic patrol ships of the British Royal Navy have been named ENDURANCE in honour of Shackleton's ship. The first HMS ENDURANCE (originally named ANITA DAN) was launched in May 1956 and awarded Pennant number A171 sometime later. She acted as an ice patrol and hydrographic survey ship until 1986. Today's modern HMS ENDURANCE, nicknamed The Red Plum, is a class 1A1 ice-breaker bought from Norway in 1992 where she had been known as MV POLAR CIRCLE. She is based at Portsmouth but makes annual forays to Antarctica where she can penetrate through 0.9 metres (2 ft 11 in) of ice at a speed of 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph). She has a complement of 126 marine personnel and carries two Westland Lynx helicopters.
In 1998 wreckage found at Stinker Point on the south western side of Elephant Island was incorrectly identified as flotsam from the ship. It in fact belonged to the 1877 wreck of the Connecticut sealing ship CHARLES SHEARER In 2001 wreck hunter David Mearns unsuccessfully planned an expedition to find the wreck of the Endurance By 2003 two rival groups were making plans for an expedition to find the wreck, however no expedition was actually mounted. In 2010 Mearns announced a new plan to search for the wreck. The plan is sponsored by the National Geographic Society but is subject to finding sponsorship for the balance of the U.S. $10 million estimated cost.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endurance_(1912_ship)"

The 10p stamp features Ernest Shackleton and his Imperial Transantarctic Expedition ship ENDURANCE. The Weddell Sea party of the expedition visited South Georgia in November 1914 to take on coal and other stores and refit the ship before sailing for Antarctica. While in Buenos Aires, Shackleton was warned that it might be a bad year for ice in the Weddell Sea so he delayed his departure from South Georgia for a month. This gave time for scientific work to be carried out. Unfortunately most of the records and specimens were lost when ENDURANCE was crushed by the ice and sank. Shackleton is buried in the cemetery at Grytviken.

Source: South Georgia Post.

South Georgia & Sandwich Islands 2015 10p sg?, scott?
Maldives 2015 20M and 60M sg?, scott?
Solomon Islands 2015 $40 sgMS?, scott?
Sierra Leone 2015 6000L sgMS?, scott? sgMS?, scott?
Guina 2015 10.000f sgMS?, scott?
aukepalmhof
 
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Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby ptvisnes » Sat Feb 06, 2016 8:11 pm

More issues with "Endurance" (1912)

British Antarctic Territory
1994. 76p+4p. Mi 234. SG 249. Sc B4
2000. 35p. Mi 298. SG 312. Sc 285
2000. 40p. Mi 299. SG 313. Sc XXX
2005. 42p. Mi 397. SG 400. Sc 350
2005. 55p. Mi 410. SG 409. Sc 363
2005. £1. Mi 411. SG 410. Sc 364
2008. 4v. Mi Bl 15. SG MS 473. Sc 399d
2013. 6v. Mi (640-45) Bl 25. SG xxx. Sc 470 a-f
2013. 75p. Mi 645. SG xxx. Sc 470f
2014. 65p. Mi xxx. SG xxx. Sc 471
2014. 65p. Mi xxx. SG xxx. Sc 472
Falkland Islands
2000. 17p. Mi 776. SG 867. Sc 758
2000. 45p. Mi 777. SG 868. Sc 759
Ireland
2004. 48c/48c. Mi 1569/70. SG 1637/38. Sc xxx
2004. 65c/65c. Mi 1573/74 Bl 15. In margin
Great Britain
2003. 42p. Mi 2107. SG 2363. Sc 2121
South Georgia & SSI
2009. 55p. Mi 473. SG 472. Sc 385
2011. £1.15. Mi 549. SG 549. Sc 442b
2014. 12v.
Ross Dependency
2015. 80c. Mi xxx. SG xxx. Sc xxx
ptvisnes
 
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Re: Endurance (Shackleton)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Sun May 22, 2016 6:54 pm

endurance 1.jpg
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endurance in ijs.jpg
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endurance ierland.png
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British Antarctic Territory 2014, 2x 65 p. StG.?
Ireland 2004, 2x 48 c. StG.1637/38
D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen
 
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Joined: Fri Sep 24, 2010 7:46 pm


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