SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year. Full membership includes receiving Log Book by post, but there is an online membership costing just £12pa.
Full details can be found on our web site at http://www.shipstampsociety.com where you can also join and pay your chosen subscription through Paypal or by cheque.
A free sample of Log Book is available on request.

MINNE-HA-HA stern-wheeler

Depict on this stamp is a miniature of an old-fashioned Mississippi stern-paddle steamer and it looks that the design of the steamer has been taken from a photo on page 62 of Steamboats Today, 1986 by Tom Rhodes and Harley Scott according Mr. Jack Standen in Watercraft Philately 1988 page 76.
02 October 1968 laid down on the shipyard of the Lake George Steamboat Company at Baldwin, NY for the account of the company.
06 December 1968 launched.
Displacement 200 tons, dim. 103 x 30 x 3.5ft. (draught).
Powered by 200 hp steam engine manufactured by Semple Engine Co. of St louis which drive a 12’ x 12’ sternwheel, the stern-wheel has fourteen paddles and turns at 13 rpm for a speed of 8 mile.
One diesel driven bow-thruster.
30 July 1969 christened as the MINNE-HA-HA.

The MINNE-HA-HA is a sternwheel steamboat on Lake George, New York. It is owned and operated by the Lake George Steamboat Company.
History
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Lake George Steamboat Company owned and operated two ships on Lake George. They were the TICONDEROGA (II), a retired navy ship from World War 2, and the MOHICAN (II), a dieselized steamer who was built by the Steamboat Company in 1907-1908. During the 1960s, these two ships would make daily trips on the lake. The TICONDEROGA would make trips up and down the lake, while the MOHICAN would make two trips into Paradise Bay. In 1968, with the increasing volume of tourists to Lake George Village, the primary docking point of the Lake George Steamboats, requests for hour-long cruises became more frequent. It became evident that a third boat was needed to satisfy the people who did not have time for the longer cruises provided by the "Mo" and "Ti". Wilbur Dow, the company's owner at the time, wanted to make the boat itself an attraction and that it should be powered by steam. A sidewheeler was originally considered to keep with the tradition of the older steamboats on the lake, but the ship, at an estimated 100-foot design, would have appeared to be too wide and short. It was then decided to construct a sternwheel steamboat.
Creation of the ship
The ship was designed by H.M. Tiedemann Company of New York City. The construction started on October 2, 1968 at the Steamboat Company's shipyard in Baldwin, which is located near Ticonderoga, NY, on the other side of Lake George. The hull of the new ship was launched on December 6, 1968, and it was towed by the MOHICAN to the Steel Pier, her future dock, in Lake George Village. The building of the boat was then picked up there, and completed over the winter at a cost of $270,000. The new boat was 103 feet long, had a 30-foot beam, and a draft of 3.5 feet. She had a displacement of 200 tons and could go up to 7 miles per hour. Wilbur Dow's wife, Ruth, struck the champagne bottle against the boat on July 30, 1969, and the ship was christened "MINNE-HA-HA", meaning "laughing waters". She is the second boat by the Lake George Steamboat Company to have this name, sharing it with a sidewheeler that served from 1857-1878.
20th Century
Starting from August 1, 1969, the "Minne" has made six daily hourly trips during the running months, and over its years a seventh hour cruise has been added, as well as a moonlight cruise on Saturday nights. She also sported a calliope that played soothing tunes after each cruise. The fact that it was not only a true steamboat, but also provided short, slow paced cruises showered the new ship with immediate popularity.
Renovation
The ship became so popular over the years that the current owner of the Steamboat Company, Bill Dow, Wilbur Dow's son, decided to modify the "Minne". Since she did not fit the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, meaning she was not handicapped accessible, and she also had to be navigated quite carefully because of her low speed, the only option was to lengthen the vessel. On September 14, 1998, she sailed up to the drydock at Baldwin and her hull was redesigned and replaced with a well-designed and shaped hull. She was then cut into two pieces, and 34 feet of hull was added to connect these two sections. On December 9 of that year, she was put back into the lake and was towed by her sister ship, the MOHICAN, who towed the "Minne" back in 1968, to the steel pier. Here, her superstructure was completed, and in late May 1999, her renovation was complete. Aside from her being lengthened and her hull being redone, she was also given a handicap access elevator to connect her first and second floors. A propeller powered by a caterpillar diesel engine was added to assist the much larger "Minne" in its difficult docking process. Her signature twin split-stacks were removed and replaced by a 30 foot tall sleek single stack, but they are still viewable from their spot on the steel pier. She retains her steam calliope and still plays it after every cruise. A 12x20 foot skylight was also put on her top deck. She is now 137 feet long, with a beam of 30 and a draft of 3 feet and 9 inches. With her propeller, she can now go at a max speed of 8.5 miles per hour.
21st Century
The "Minne" has continued in Lake George. In 2001, her paddle wheel was rebuilt. After the 2007 season, her skylight was removed and replaced with an elevated seating area, which provides more seats with an escalated view. In 2008, she played "Happy Birthday" on her calliope to honor the 100th birthday of her sister ship, the MOHICAN.
In 2013, the Steamboat Company revived an old tradition of the steamers plying their calliopes as they enter Lake George Village, as the "Minne" would do just that, in addition to when she would play it after each cruise. As of 2015, the Steam Ship MINNE-HA-HA II has been in service for 46 years, and serves with her two sister ships, the M/V MOHICAN II and the M/V LAC DU SAINT SACREMENT.

Anguilla 1986 $4 sg704, scott672. (The photo shows her after lengthening with one funnel.)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MINNE-HA-HA_II

LUPO 1938 (Italy)

Built in 1936-'38 by C.N.Q., Fiume, for the Italian Navy.
Torpedo boat, 'Spica' class, (32 units) 'Alcione' group, displacement:808/1040 tons, Loa:83,50m (273' 11") B:8,10m. (26' 7") Draft:2,55m. (8' 4") 2 Yarrow boilers, 2 Tosi geared steam turbines:19.000 hp. 2 shafts, 34 kn. complement:116, armament:3 × 100 mm (3.9") 100/47 dual-purpose guns, 9–11 × 20 mm (0.79") Breda 20/65 mod. 35 AA guns, 2 × 13.2 mm (0.52") anti-aircraft machine guns, 4 × 450 mm (18") torpedo tubes (2 × triple mounts) up to 20 mines.
Along with Libra, torpedoed the British tanker Desmoulea(8120 tons) in the Kasos straits on 31 January 1941 at the position 35°33′32″N 25°34′14″E, disabling her for the rest of the war. The tanker was part of the convoy AN.14, and had departed Alexandria for Piraeus. Captained by Francesco Mimbelli during the reconquest of Kastelorizo and the Battle of Crete, where she survived a battle against three cruisers and five destroyers, saving half of a small ships convoy.
Sunk 2 December 1942 by destroyers HMS Jervis,HMS Javelin, HMS Janus and HMS Kelvin while picking up survivors from the Italian cargo ship Veloce en route to Tripoli. Two other steamers, part of the same convoy, eventually reached home.

(Somaliland 2011, 1500 a. StG.?)
Internet.

JOHN QUILLIAM

Captain John Quilliam RN (born Marown, Isle of Man 29 September 1771 - died Michael, Isle of Man 10 October 1829) was a Royal Navy officer and the First Lieutenant on HMS VICTORY at the Battle of Trafalgar. He was a farmer’s son from the Isle of Man who was impressed in the Royal Navy in 1794.
Career
The eldest son of John Quilliam and Christian Clucas of Ballakelly, he was apprenticed to a stonemason, and then worked as a labourer until he was impressed into the Royal Navy in 1794.
Unlike most impressed sailors, Quilliam rose rapidly in the Royal Navy. He is first recorded in 1797 at the Battle of Camperdown when he was made a Lieutenant by Admiral Duncan. He was a Third Lieutenant on HMS ETHALION. On 7 October 1799 Quilliam's share of prize money for the capture of the 36 gun Spanish treasure ship THETIS was over £5000. He was First Lieutenant aboard HMS AMAZON at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, his gallantry and calmness under fire following the death of Captain Edward Riou and all the senior officers on his ship was rewarded with being made First Lieutenant on HMS VICTORY by Horatio Nelson.
Quilliam soon repaid the faith Nelson had placed in him as the following extract from James's Naval History of Great Britain shows, he assisted in steering her into action at Trafalgar: - "Just as she (the VICTORY) had got about 500 yards of the larboard beam of the BUCENTAURE the VICTORY's mizzen-topmast was shot away, about two-thirds up. A shot also struck and knocked to pieces the wheel; and the ship was obliged to be steered from the gun room, the first lieutenant (John Quilliam) and master (Thomas Atkinson) relieving each other at the duty.
After Trafalgar he was promoted to Captain and placed in command of HMS ILDEFONSO. He returned to the Isle of Man and in 1807, he was elected a member of the House of Keys.
In 1808, he was captain of Admiral Stopford's flagship, HMS SPENCER. In 1812, he was captain of HMS CRESENT and served as such until the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. During this time he captured a 14 gun American privateer, the ELBRIDGE GERRY during the War of 1812.
He then returned to the Isle of Man and resided at the White House in Kirk Michael. He was re-elected a member of House of Keys in 1817.
Qulliam died in 1829 and was buried in the graveyard at Kirk Arbory.
Memorial
There is the following inscription on his tombstone;
"Sacred to the memory of John Quilliam, Esq., Captain in the Royal Navy. In his early service he was appointed by Adml. Lord Duncan to act as lieutenant at the Battle of Camperdown; after the victory was achieved, this appointment was confirmed. His gallantry and professional skill at the Battle of Copenhagen attracted the notice of Lord Nelson, who subsequently sought for his services on board his own ship, and as his lordship's first lieut. he steered the VICTORY into action at the Battle of Trafalgar. By the example of Duncan and Nelson he learned to conquer. By his own merit he rose to command: above all this he was an honest man, the noblest work of God. After many years of honourable and distinguished professional service, he retired to this land of his affectionate solicitude and birth, where in his public station as a member of the House of Keys, and in private life, he was in arduous times the uncompromising defender of the rights and privileges of his countrymen, and the zealous and able supporter of every measure tending to promote the welfare and the best interests of his country. He departed this life on 10 October 1829 in the 59th year of his age. This monument is erected by Margaret C. Quilliam to the memory of her beloved husband."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Quilliam

The stamp shows us:
6p When John Quilliam was pressed in service of the Royal Navy. Stanley Gibbons give that the HMS LION is depict in the background of the stamp. Quilliam first ship was HMS LION.
8p Shows the steering system of the VICTORY in the gunroom by jury ropes.
13p HMS SPENCER and Captain John Quilliam. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14330&p=16339&hilit=john+quilliam#!lightbox[gallery]/0/
15p Shows John Quilliam in front of the Rushen Castle where at that time the meeting of the members of the House of Key’s took place, and fishing vessel in the port of Castletown.
Isle of Man 1979 6p/15p sg 189/162, scott?

BRITANNIA cruise vessel 2015

Built as a cruise vessel under yard No 6231 by Fincantieri Italiana at Monfalcone, Italy for Carnival PLC, Southampton.
2011 Ordered.
15 May 2013 laid down, (Miramar gives laid down 20 December 2010.)
14 February 2014 floated out of her building dock as the BRITANNIA.
Tonnage 143,730 grt, 11,793 dwt, dim. 330 x 38.38 x 8.30m. (draught), length bpp. 306.07m.
Powered diesel electric two Wärtsilä 12V46F and two Wärtsilä diesel engines, 36,000 kW, two VEM Sachsenwerk GMBH electric motors driven twin shafts, speed 21 knots.
Accommodation for 4,324 passengers and 1,398 crew.
27 February 2015 delivered to owners, building cost £473 million.

The same day sailed from Monfalcone via Gibraltar to Southampton.
10 March 2015 christened by Queen Elizabeth II in Southampton.
14 March 2015 sailed for his maiden cruise from Southampton.
MV BRITANNIA is a cruise ship of the P&O Cruises fleet. She was built by Fincantieri at its shipyard in Monfalcone, Italy.
At 143,000 GT, BRITANNIA is the largest of eight ships currently in service with P&O Cruises and she is also the flagship of the fleet, taking the honour from ORIANA. She officially entered service on 14 March 2015. and was named by Queen Elizabeth II. Her first captain was Paul Brown.
BRITANNIA features a 94 metres (308 ft) Union Flag on her bow, the largest of its kind in the world.
Naming & construction
BRITANNIA was ordered in 2011 and was laid down on 15 May 2013. The ship was built at the Fincantieri yard at Monfalcone in Italy.
The name BRITANNIA was announced on 24 September 2013 and has historical importance for P&O, as there have been two previous ships named BRITANNIA connected with the company. The first entered service in 1835 for the General Steam Navigation Company, which went on to become the Peninsular Steam Navigation Company. The second, which entered service in 1887, was one of four ships ordered by the company to mark the golden jubilee of both Queen Victoria and P&O itself.
The ceremonial float out of the third BRITANNIA took place on the afternoon of 14 February 2014, with the traditional champagne bottle smashed against the vessel's hull.
BRITANNIA departed the Fincantieri ship yard on 27 February 2015 for Southampton via Gibraltar. BRITANNIA was officially named on 10 March 2015 by Queen Elizabeth II at the Ocean Terminal.
Facilities
On board, BRITANNIA features 13 bars as well as 13 restaurants and cafés.
It has been announced that TV chef James Martin will develop The Cookery Club on board BRITANNIA and will feature celebrity chefs/cooks such as Mary Berry, James Tanner, Antonio Carluccio, Paul Rankin and Pierre Koffman. Eric Lanlard will have his own patisserie in the ship's atrium called Market Café and is also creating an upgraded afternoon tea service at the Epicurean restaurant, Atul Kocchar will feature his own restaurant Sindhu (as also seen on fleetmates VENTURA and AZURA and Marco Pierre White will also have a restaurant aboard. The ship features a 936-seat theatre.
BRITANNIA has a total of 1,837 cabins on board with 27 of those being single cabins (inside and balcony), in addition to conventional inside and balcony cabins as well as 64 suites. For the first time on a P&O Cruises ship, all outside cabins have balconies.
BRITANNIA will have four pools with a dedicated pool for teenagers and the Oasis Spa.
Maiden voyage & itineraries
BRITANNIA's maiden voyage took place 14–28 March 2015, and included visits to Spain, Italy and France.
During her summer season, BRITANNIA will sail to the Mediterranean, Norwegian fjords, the Baltic, Canary Islands and Atlantic Islands. In winter, the ship will sail 14-night Caribbean itineraries.
Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway was recorded and shown live on board as the final show of the 13th series, on 2 April 2016.
Similar ships
In 2013 Princess Cruises began operating the lead vessel in its Royal Class, ROYAL PRINCESS. BRITANNIA is built to the same template, but is very different in its character and exterior appearance. The second ship of the Royal Class, REGAL PRINCESS was delivered 11 May 2014 to Princess Cruises. The latest Royal Class ship, MAJESTIC PRINCESS, will launch in the Summer 2017.
2016 BRITANNIA in service, IMO No 9614036.

Sierra Leone 2016 Le 6000 sg?, scott?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MV_BRITANNIA_(2015)

JORGE DE MENEZES and Portuguese galleon

The two stamps shows us a Portuguese galleon in which Jorge de Menezes arrived in Papua New Guinea, not a name for the ship is given, and I believe there is not a painting or drawing which shows the ship or Jorge de Menezes. Most probably a ship of that time frame is shown.

Jorge de Menezes (c. 1498 – 1537) was a Portuguese explorer, who in 1526–1527 landed on the islands of Biak (Cenderawasih Bay), whilst he awaited the passing of the monsoon season, and on the northern coasts of the Bird's Head Peninsula, calling the region Ilhas dos Papuas. He is thus credited with the European discovery of New Guinea.
Jorge de Menezes was the Portuguese Governor of the Moluccas from 1527 until 1530, residing on Ternate. While in office, he plundered a Spanish fort on Tidore, poisoned the sultan of Ternate and committed atrocities against the local population. Subsequently he was arrested and sent to India. After his return to Portugal he was banished to Brazil, where he died in combat against Indians in 1537.

Papua New Guinea 1987 60t sg553, scott? and sgMS861, scott673
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_de_Menezes

LE FANTASQUE 10 (France)

Built in 1931-'36 by Arsenal Lorient, laid down 15-11-1931, launched 15-03-'34, commissioned 01-05-'36.
Le Fantasque class destroyer, displacement:2570 tons, Loa:132,40m. (434.4') B:11,98m. (39.3') Draft:4,30m. (14.1') 4 Penhöet boilers, 2 Rateau-Bretagne turbines:81.000 hp. 2 shafts, 45 kn. complement:220, armament:5 × 138 mm (5.4") guns (2 forward, 3 aft)
4 × 37 mm AA guns (original) 4 × 13 mm AA machine guns (original)
8 × 40 mm Bofors AA guns (after refit)
10 × 20 mm Oerlikon AA guns (after refit)
9 × 550 mm torpedo tubes in three triple mounts, 40 mines.

Le Fantasque was the first destroyer of its class, out of a total of six units built by order of the French naval program in 1930. These ships were designed to outclass the large escorts built by the Italian navy. The design strongly stressed firepower and speed over armour protection, and indeed, Le Fantasque is still to this day the fastest type of destroyer ever built.
In the beginning of the Second World War, Le Fantasque patrolled the Atlantic with the Force de Raid, sinking the German cargo ship Halle on 16 October 1939 and capturing its crew. She also took part in the hunt for the German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee. On 25 November, along with her sister ship Le Terrible and the heavy cruiser Dupleix, she captured the German merchantman Santa Fé.

After the Fall of France, Le Fantasque was assigned to the Vichy French 10th DCT (Division de Contre-Torpilleurs, "destroyer division"), with her sister ships Le Malin and L'Audacieux, based at Dakar. On 23 September 1940, the Allies attacked Dakar. Le Fantasque sailed through the harbour, setting smoke screens and protecting the stronger French units. She took fire from the British ships and aircraft, but was not damaged.

Shortly after Operation Torch, French West Africa and its fleet, including Le Fantasque and her sister Le Terrible, returned to the Allies. In March 1943, she underwent refitting in Boston, repairing damage, adding radars and ASDIC, and reinforcing her anti-aircraft armament. After the refit, she was reclassified as a light cruiser.

On 9 September 1943 she took part in the Salerno landings (Operation Avalanche), providing fire support for the landing force.

On the night of 13–14 September, she landed 250 commandos at Ajaccio, along with ammunition and weapons for the maquis.

On 24 December 1943, she intercepted the German merchant ship Nicoline Maersk, forcing the freighter to run aground near Tortosa, Spain.

In 1944, the 10th DCT, along with her sister-ships Le Terrible and Le Malin, was reconstituted to raid deep in the Adriatic, with the aim of isolating Italy from Yugoslavia. Together they defeated a German convoy just off Ist island in February 1944. On the night of 18–19 March, along with Le Terrible, she encountered a German convoy composed of the large ferry F124, the tugboat Titanic, and three Siebel ferries (SF270, SF273 and SF274); all enemy ships were sunk except for Titanic, which managed to escape to Kyparissia.
On 17 June, along with Le Terrible, she sank the tanker Giuliana and damaged the R5 and R14.
On 15 August, the 10th DCT took part in Operation Dragoon, the Allied landing in Provence.
Between 1945 and 1946, she served in Indochina. In 1950, she was placed in the reserve, reclassified as a "swift escort" and received the pennant number D610. In 1953, she was towed by tug to Toulon, where she was used as a floating barracks. On 2 May 1957, she was struck from the Navy list, renamed Q98, and sold for scrap.

(Somaliland 2011, 1500 a. StG.?)
Internet.
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Inanda (T&J Harrison)

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Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby shipstamps » Mon Jun 23, 2008 5:57 pm


Click image to view full size

Click image to view full size
Launched 24th February 1925 by Swan Hunter and sailed on her maiden voyage from London to West Indies.
13th August 1936 the two Osborne brothers, who had earlier absconded from Britain with the fishing vessel GIRL PAT, were placed in custody by the master of Inanda and transferred to the authorities in London.
21st June 1940 she sailed on the final voyage of Harrison passenger service to West Indies.
27th Aug 1940. On return requisitioned by Admiralty as an Ocean Boarding Vessel. In September she was struck by bombs from German aircraft whilst fitting out in Royal Albert Dock, London.
She was refloated and taken over by UK government and rebuilt as a cargo vessel.
11th Feb 1942 registered under the ownership of the Ministry of War Transport and renamed EMPIRE EXPLORER.
8yh July 1942 torpedoed by German submarine U575 on passage from Demerara to Barbados. Hit by a second torpedo and then the Uboat shelled her until she sank.
Only 3 of the 71 crew were reported missing.
shipstamps
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Re: Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Fri Feb 28, 2014 8:46 pm

inanda.jpg
Click image to view full size
Built in 1925 by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle upon Tyne for Charente Steamship Co Ltd. (operated by T & J Harrison Ltd.)
Cargo/passenger ship, Gt:5985, Nt:3746, Dw:6900, L:124,05m. (407’) B:15,90m. (52’2”) D:8,66m. (28’5”) draught:7,80m. (25’7¼”) Wallsend Slipway Co. Ltd. quadruple expansion steam engine:606 nhp. 13 kn. passengers:100, crew:130.

Inanda was launched on 24 February 1925 and was completed in May. She was built for the Charente Steamship Co Ltd and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was Liverpool. She was allocated the United Kingdom Official Number 137410 and Code Letters KSNF. On 3 February 1932, Inanda was on a voyage from London to the West Indies when she suffered a broken propellor. She put into Swansea, Glamorgan for repairs.Following the changes to Code Letters in 1934, Inanda was allocated GLMB.
Inanda was a member of Covnoy OA 7, which departed from Southend, Essex on 19 September 1939 and dispersed at sea on 22 September. She was bound for Antigua, where she arrived on 3 October. She departed that day and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving later that day. On 4 October, Inanda sailed for Grenada arriving on 6 October and departing that day for Trinidad, where she arrived the next day. On 9 October, she sailed for Demarara, British Guiana, arriving the next day and departing on 14 October for Trinidad, where she arrived on 15 October. Departing on 20 October, Saint Vincent and Grenada were visited before Inanda arrived at Saint Lucia, from where she sailed on 25 October for Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. She arrived on 2 November, sailing on 8 November as a member of Convoy HXF 8, which arrived at Dover, Kent, United Kingdom on 21 November. Inanda was carrying general cargo, rum and sugar. She then sailed to Southend to join Convoy FN 46, which departed on 1 December and arrived at Methil, Fife the next day. She left the convoy at Middlesbrough, Yorkshire on 2 December.
Inanda sailed from Middlesbrough on 11 December to join Convoy FS 53, which had sailed from Methil that day and arrived at Southend on 12 December. She then joined Convoy OA 53, which sailed on 14 December and dispersed at sea on 16 December. She was carrying a cargo of sulphite as well as a number of passengers and her captain was the convoy's Vice Commodore. Inanda was bound for Demerara, which was reached on 9 January 1940 via Barbados and Trinidad. She departed on 13 January for Montserrat, from where she sailed on 15 January for Trinidad. She departed on 16 January for Galveston, Texas, United States, arriving on 22 January and sailing on 3 February for Halifax, where she arrived on 13 February. Inanda was a member of Convoy HX 20, which departed on 16 February and arrived at Liverpool on 4 March. She was carrying general cargo.
Inanda departed from Liverpool on 29 March as a member of Convoy OB 119, which dispersed at sea on 1 April. She was performing the rôle of a convoy rescue ship and sailed to London after the convoy had dispersed. She then sailed to Southend, from where she departed on 8 April as a member of Convoy OA 125G, which formed Convoy OG 25 on 10 April. Inanda was carrying general cargo bound for Antigua, arriving on 24 April and sailing that day for Saint Kitts, where she arrived on 24 April. She sailed the next day for Saint Lucia, from where she departed on 26 April for Grenada, arriving on 29 April. She spent the next few weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at Bermuda on 20 May. Carrying general cargo, Inanda was a member of Convoy BHX 64, which departed on 7 August and joined with convoy HX 64 on 12 August. Convoy HX 64 departed from Halifax on 8 August and arrived at Liverpool on 23 August. Inanda was bound for London, which was reached by leaving the convoy and sailing to the Methil Roads, where she arrived on 24 August. She then joined Convoy FS 262, which departed on 25 August and arrived at Southend on 27 August.
Inanda was then hired by the Royal Navy for use as an ocean boarding vessel. On 7 September, she was berthed at London Docks when she was sunk in an air raid.
She was salvaged and rebuilt as a cargo ship, Inanda was renamed Empire Explorer, she was passed to the MoWT and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was changed to London although she retained the Code Letters GLMB.
Empire Explorer was a member of Convoy FN 632, which departed from Southend on 15 February 1942 and arrived at Methil two days later. She left the convoy at the Tyne on 16 February, to load general cargo. She sailed four days later to join Convoy FN 636, which had departed from Southend on 19 February and arrived at Methil on 21 February. She then joined Convoy EN 50, which departed the next day and arrived at Oban, Argyllshire on 23 February. She left the convoy at Loch Ewe and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving on 17 March. Empire Explorer spent the next five weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at the Cape Verde Islands on 20 April and sailing two days later for Halifax, where she arrived on 30 April. She joined Convoy HX 188, which departed on 3 May and arrived at Liverpool on 15 May. She was carrying general cargo, sugar and 38 bags of mail. She left the convoy at the Clyde, arriving on 15 May.
Empire Explorer sailed on 1 June to join Convoy OS 30, which departed from Liverpool that day and arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone on 19 June. She was in ballast and armed with a 4-inch or 4.7-inch gun, eight machine guns and a number of kites. She was stated to be bound for George, South Africa. She arrived at Demerara on 21 June, sailing nine days later for Trinidad, where she arrived on 1 July. Empire Explorer sailed from Trinidad on 8 July, carrying 200 bags of mail, 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of pitch and 4,000 long tons (4,100 t) of sugar and bound for Barbados. At 02:47 German time on 9 July, Empire Explorer was torpedoed, shelled and sunk at
11°40′N 60°55’W. by the U-575, which was in the command of Günther Heydemann. Of her 70 crew and 8 DEMS gunners, three crew were killed. The survivors were rescued by HMS MTB 337 and landed at Tobago.
(Barbados 1994, 70 c. StG.1033; St. Kitts 1990, 40 c. StG.316)
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D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen
 
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