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There are few tragedies that have had such a devastating effect on any world community than the 1885 Tristan Lifeboat Disaster. It was the most terrible disaster ever recorded in the island’s history and to this day remains a mystery.
With the loss of regular shipping and trading opportunities, almost all of Tristan’s able bodied men, 15 in total, decided to attempt to trade with the iron barque WEST RIDING when it sailed off the island on 27 November, despite rough seas. The WEST RIDING was on route from Bristol to Sydney and decided to call at Tristan to collect water.
The islanders put out to sea in a new ship’s lifeboat donated by the British Government to Tristan for helping shipwrecked people. They had some livestock and potatoes in the boat which they hoped to barter for flour and groceries. They rowed out of sight eastwards, beyond Big Point and were never seen again.
Mr Peter Green, aged 77, watched from shore and wrote his account of the tragedy the next day. “On this day a ship came to Tristan. She could not fetch up to the settlement. When she got in shore she was about three miles from us to the eastward. Our lifeboat went off to her with sheep, potatoes, geese etc. When the boat got near the ship she hove back; the boat was alongside the ship some time, then the ship stood out from the land. We could see our lifeboat towing astern of the ship. She stood out about four miles. When she came in again she got so far to the eastward that she was lost to our view. We were watching for the boat all that night, but no boat made her appearance.”
“Next morning two parties went round the island by land. They could see nothing of the boat. She had all our best boatmen in her. If the boat and crew is lost it will make Tristan an island of widows, for it would make 13 widows. I had three sons, Jacob, Jeremiah & William, three grandsons, three brothers-in-law and one son-in-law in the lifeboat”.
However Captain William Thomas, of the WEST RIDING, gave a Sydney newspaper, in January 1886, a different version of the incident. “On November 27th, at 4am, saw the island of Tristan da Cunha, S.E. by S. true, there being at the time strong squalls with a heavy sea, though the weather was clear. A sailing boat was sighted steering for the vessel, being then distant about six miles from the settlement. Captain Thomas immediately took in sail and had his ship brought to the wind on the port tack. At 7.40am, when the boat was on the barque’s port quarter, distant one and a half miles, its sailing mast suddenly disappeared. The boat was afterwards seen apparently making towards the vessel with paddles. Thinking some accident had happened, Captain Thomas made sail, and stood towards the supposed spot where the boat was first seen; but although the ship cruised in the vicinity for two hours she failed to discover any vestige of it or its occupants. The vessel was rolling dreadfully, broadside on to the sea and it was found impossible to communicate with the island, Captain Thomas not deeming it prudent to launch a boat. At 10am, believing that nothing could be done to assist anyone, Captain Thomas kept the vessel away on her course.”
From the stories we have heard on the island no-one survived, no bodies were recovered and nothing was found of the lifeboat. Some islanders believed that the 15 men were taken on-board the WEST RIDING and sold as slaves in Australia. Others say that they drowned but no one knows what really happened.
A memorial plaque placed in St Mary’s Church on Tristan list the names of those 15 men lost:
Joe Beetham
Thomas & Cornelius Cotton
Thomas Glass
John, William & Alfred Green
Jacob, William & Jeremiah Green
Albert, James & William Hagan
Samuel & Thomas Swain

Tristan da Cunha 2015 35p/£1.20 sg?, scott? (Details of the WEST RIDING are given on: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=11957&p=12828#!lightbox[gallery]/4/
Source: ... aster.html


Libya issued in 2015 for Euromed one stamp which shows us a small cargo ship or most probably a fishing vessels in a port. Probably the boat was used by migrant smugglers from Africa to Europe and there is a great chance that she has foundered or now is laying abandoned on the rocks of the Italian island Lampedusa.
Have not any details on the ship.

Libya 2015 750dh sg?, scott


William Dampier (1651 – 1715) was the first Englishman to explore parts of Australia and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times. He has also been described as Australia's first natural historian.
Born the son of a Somerset farmer he sailed to Newfoundland and the East Indies while still a boy. He returned to England penniless but with his journals and in 1697 published A New Voyage Round the World, an account of his adventures, extensive travels and pursuit of knowledge whilst joining with privateers and pirates between 1679 and 1691. A further publication, A Discourse of Trade-winds, Breezes, Storms Seasons of the Year, Tides and Currents of the Torrid Zone throughout the World in 1699 was of long lasting benefit to mariners. However it was the New Voyage that proved to be a literary sensation.
These publications were both an inspiration to explorers, mariners and naturalists such as James Cook, Lord Nelson and Charles Darwin as well as a great influence on the literature of the time, for example Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels and Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. They established Dampier as an authority on the South Seas and enabled him to influence the Admiralty to support him leading a voyage to explore the east coast of New Holland (what is now Australia). As a civilian and former privateer, Dampier’s appointment to command a naval vessel was remarkable, but such was his fame and influence; notably derived from his literary, rather than leadership, talents.
Dampier was provided with HMS ROEBUCK, an armed three-masted vessel, 96 feet long, with a beam of 25 feet and a crew of 50 men. The expedition set out on 14 January 1699, making landfall on the Australian continent in August at the place he subsequently named Sharks Bay on the mid-west coast.
There he collected many plants, shells and other specimens and began producing the first known detailed record of Australian flora and fauna, producing detailed descriptions of all he encountered.
As the voyage continued the condition of the ROEBUCK deteriorated and Dampier was forced to abandon his plans. Having supplied the carpenter with the necessary stores to repair the vessel he records that the ship “prov’d more leaky after he had caulk’d her then she was before”.
In danger of sinking, he attempted to make the return voyage to England, but the ship foundered at Ascension Island on 21 February 1701. While anchored offshore and despite constant pumping the ship began to take on more water. The leak was found but nothing could be done with the worm-eaten planking. The vessel was run aground so that the crews could carry their possessions and bedding ashore on rafts. Finally on 24th February Dampier and the other officers went ashore, having ordered the sails to be cut from the yards for tents.
To their great relief a spring of fresh water (Dampier’s Drip) was found a few days later (26th). This and the ready supply of turtle meat assured their survival.
Dampier's crew was marooned on Ascension for five weeks before being returned home aboard an East Indiaman. Although many papers were lost with the ROEBUCK, Dampier was able to save some new charts of coastlines, and his record of trade winds and currents in the seas around Australia and New Guinea. He also preserved a few of his specimens although he wrote that many strange and beautiful shells were lost. His account of the expedition was published as A Voyage to New Holland in 1703.
Despite the detailed accounts of its loss and many searches over the years the ROEBUCK was never found until the Western Australian Maritime Museum's Expedition of 2001 located the wreck in Clarence Bay, Ascension Island. Among the finds was a giant clam shell, of the type to be found in the Pacific or Indian oceans but quite alien to Atlantic waters. Also found were the ship’s bell (only the ROEBUCK is known to have to have carried and lost a bell with a broad arrow in the vicinity of Clarence Bay), a grapnel located near the shore, various ironworks and other debris including ceramics.
Upon his return to England Dampier was court martialled for cruelty and dismissed from the Royal Navy. It seems the verdict did Dampier little harm with the War of the Spanish Succession seeing Dampier appointed commander of a new ship.
Dampier’s final voyage aboard the DUKE amassed quite a fortune (perhaps the equivalent of £20 million today) yet Dampier died in unknown circumstances, before receiving his share of the spoils and in debt.

Ascension 2015 25p/£1.60 sg?, scott? (Details of ROEBUCK: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=6757 )
Source: ... mpier.html


Built as a cruise vessel under yard No 1346 by Kvaerner Masa Yard, Abo, Finland for Adventure of the Seas Inc. (management Royal Caribbean Cruise Ltd., Miami.
27 March 2000 first section laid down.
05 January 2001 floated out as the ADVENTURE OF THE SEAS, four sisters.
Tonnage 137,276 grt, 104,403 nrt, 11,032 dwt., dim. 311.12 x 38.60 x 8.60m. (draught)
Powered by six Wärtsilä 12V46c diesel engines, 42,000 kW, speed 22 knots.
Accommodation for maximum 3,844 passengers.
26 October 2001 deliver to owners under Bahamas flag and registry. Sailed across the North Atlantic to New York.
10 November 2001 christened ADVENTURE OF THE SEAS in New York by Rudy Giuliani.

12 November 2001 made a two day cruise with invited guests and press.
18 November 2001 made her maiden voyage from San Juan, Porto Rico to the Caribbean.
MS ADVENTURE OF THE SEAS is the third first-generation Voyager-class cruise ship operated by Royal Caribbean International.
She was built at Kværner Masa-Yards Turku New Shipyard, Finland and completed in 2001. From 2001, she mostly sailed in the Southern Caribbean and departed weekly from the port of San Juan, Puerto Rico. As of 2012, she is based in the Atlantic in the Summer and offers seven-day cruises from Malaga and in the winter she departs from San Juan, Puerto Rico. In 2013, her summer cruises will be based out of Southampton, England and offer Baltic, Mediterranean, and Northern Europe itineraries.
In April 2014, ADVENTURE OF THE SEAS received "Royal Advantage" upgrades, including an outdoor movie screen, digital signage, ship-wide Wifi, new Concierge and Diamond lounges, and the changeover of the Portofino restaurant to the Giovanni's Table concept first introduced on the Oasis class cruise ships.
Cruise destinations
ADVENTURE OF THE SEAS routinely cruises the Caribbean. During the first quarter of 2012, she cruised to St. Kitts with over 280,000 passengers in total, the most of any Royal Caribbean vessel.
In 2013, ADVENTURE OF THE SEAS was moved to a new base in Southampton, Hampshire for her European season. Royal Caribbean has confirmed that the ship will continue to be based in the UK for the 2013 season.
2016 First part of that year cruising in the Caribbean.
2015 In service same name and owner IMO No 9167227

Aruba 2015 250c sg?, scott? (she is the cruise vessel behind the CARNIVAL BREEZE) She also: viewtopic.php?f=12&t=15052

TEMERAIRE (S-617) submarine

Built as a nuclear submarine by Arsenal Cherbourg at Cherbourg for the French Navy.
18 December 1993 laid down.
08 August 1997 launched as the TÉMÉRAIRE (S-617), one of the Triomphant class.
Displacement surface 12,640 tons, submerged 14,335 tons, dim. 138 x 12.5 x 10.6m. (draught)
Powered by pressurised water K 15 nuclear reactor (150 MW), 200,000 hp., speed + 25 knots.
Test depth + 400 metre.
Armament 16 – M45 SLBM missiles with TN 75 warheads. Anti-submarine: 4 – 533mm torpedo tubes for F17 torpedoes. Anti-surface Exocet SM39 missiles.
Crew 111
23 December 1999 commissioned, based at Brest. Building cost 4,282 billion Euro.

2015 In service.
Solomon Islands 2014 $7 sg?, scott1507d.
Source Internet.

CARNIVAL BREEZE cruise vessel 2012

Built as a cruise vessel under yard No 6201 by Fincantieri Italiana, Monfalcone, Italy for the Carnival Corporation, Doral, Florida.
20 November 2008 keel laying ceremony.
16 September 2011 floating out as the CARNIVAL BREEZE
Tonnage 128,052 grt, 10,250 dwt., dim. 305.60 x 37.00 x 6.20m. (draught).
Powered by six Wärtsilä 12V46 diesel engines, 75,600 kW, speed 22.5 knots.
Accommodation for maximum 3,652 passengers and 1,386 crew.
29 May 2012 delivered to owners, under Panama flag with homeport Panama, IMO No 9555723.
03 June 2012 completed.

03 June 2012 in service from Barcelona, Spain for cruises in the Mediterranean, during the northern winters based in Miami.
09 December 2012 christened in Miami by Mrs. Tracy Wilson Mourning.
CARNIVAL BREEZE is a Dream-class cruise ship of Carnival Cruise Line which entered service on June 3, 2012. From June to November 2012 she sailed out of Barcelona and Venice on Mediterranean cruises, and afterwards from Miami to the Caribbean and Bahamas. In May 2016, she will be moving to Galveston to replace the CARNIVAL MAGIC
CARNIVAL BREEZE is the third and last Dream-class ship, with sisters ships CARNIVAL DREAM and CARNIVAL MAGIC. Costa Crociere recently took delivery of its first Dream Class ship, COSTA DIADEMA. Fincantieri Monfalcone in Italy is the builder, and the Dream class vessels are the largest passenger ships ever built by Fincantieri.
CARNIVAL BREEZE has the same design as her sisters, with a half-mile exterior promenade, cantilevered whirlpools, and a 23,750 sq ft (2,206 m2) wellness facility. Other features are the WaterWorks aqua park with a 300-foot (91 m)-long corkscrew water slide called Twister and another called The Drainpipe, an indoor/outdoor café with live entertainment venue called Ocean Plaza, and a range of staterooms including deluxe ocean views with two bathrooms, some of which have five berths.
CARNIVAL BREEZE and her sisters have the widest variety of activity, dining and entertainment options of the entire fleet. She features a 5D Cinema called Thrill Theater, outdoor water park, Cloud 9 Spa, jogging track, fitness center, Seaside Theater, Red Frog Pub, Winner's Luck casino and bar, the Liquid Nightclub disco, Punchliner Comedy Club, Sport-square and Hasbro: The Game Show. Other features on CARNIVAL BREEZE include the Fahrenheit 555 Steakhouse (reservations and fee required), Guy's Burger Joint, which offers burgers custom-created by Food Network chef Guy Fieri, a Comedy Brunch on sea days, the Cucina del Capitano, a family-style Italian eatery with an extensive night time menu (reservations and fee required) and a free lunch time pasta bar, the BlueIguana Cantina, a burrito and taco made to order eatery for both breakfast and lunch and on sea days an outside Fat Jimmy's C-Side BBQ.
Ports of call
CARNIVAL BREEZE is currently home ported in Miami, Florida, sailing on six-and-eight-day Caribbean voyages.

Aruba 2015 250c sg?, scott? (For the identification of the two cruise vessels on the stamp see viewtopic.php?f=12&t=15052

Source: http://www.faktaomfartyg-se/carnival_breeze_2012.htm Internet.

Inanda (T&J Harrison)

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Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby shipstamps » Mon Jun 23, 2008 5:57 pm

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Launched 24th February 1925 by Swan Hunter and sailed on her maiden voyage from London to West Indies.
13th August 1936 the two Osborne brothers, who had earlier absconded from Britain with the fishing vessel GIRL PAT, were placed in custody by the master of Inanda and transferred to the authorities in London.
21st June 1940 she sailed on the final voyage of Harrison passenger service to West Indies.
27th Aug 1940. On return requisitioned by Admiralty as an Ocean Boarding Vessel. In September she was struck by bombs from German aircraft whilst fitting out in Royal Albert Dock, London.
She was refloated and taken over by UK government and rebuilt as a cargo vessel.
11th Feb 1942 registered under the ownership of the Ministry of War Transport and renamed EMPIRE EXPLORER.
8yh July 1942 torpedoed by German submarine U575 on passage from Demerara to Barbados. Hit by a second torpedo and then the Uboat shelled her until she sank.
Only 3 of the 71 crew were reported missing.
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Re: Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Fri Feb 28, 2014 8:46 pm

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Built in 1925 by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle upon Tyne for Charente Steamship Co Ltd. (operated by T & J Harrison Ltd.)
Cargo/passenger ship, Gt:5985, Nt:3746, Dw:6900, L:124,05m. (407’) B:15,90m. (52’2”) D:8,66m. (28’5”) draught:7,80m. (25’7¼”) Wallsend Slipway Co. Ltd. quadruple expansion steam engine:606 nhp. 13 kn. passengers:100, crew:130.

Inanda was launched on 24 February 1925 and was completed in May. She was built for the Charente Steamship Co Ltd and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was Liverpool. She was allocated the United Kingdom Official Number 137410 and Code Letters KSNF. On 3 February 1932, Inanda was on a voyage from London to the West Indies when she suffered a broken propellor. She put into Swansea, Glamorgan for repairs.Following the changes to Code Letters in 1934, Inanda was allocated GLMB.
Inanda was a member of Covnoy OA 7, which departed from Southend, Essex on 19 September 1939 and dispersed at sea on 22 September. She was bound for Antigua, where she arrived on 3 October. She departed that day and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving later that day. On 4 October, Inanda sailed for Grenada arriving on 6 October and departing that day for Trinidad, where she arrived the next day. On 9 October, she sailed for Demarara, British Guiana, arriving the next day and departing on 14 October for Trinidad, where she arrived on 15 October. Departing on 20 October, Saint Vincent and Grenada were visited before Inanda arrived at Saint Lucia, from where she sailed on 25 October for Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. She arrived on 2 November, sailing on 8 November as a member of Convoy HXF 8, which arrived at Dover, Kent, United Kingdom on 21 November. Inanda was carrying general cargo, rum and sugar. She then sailed to Southend to join Convoy FN 46, which departed on 1 December and arrived at Methil, Fife the next day. She left the convoy at Middlesbrough, Yorkshire on 2 December.
Inanda sailed from Middlesbrough on 11 December to join Convoy FS 53, which had sailed from Methil that day and arrived at Southend on 12 December. She then joined Convoy OA 53, which sailed on 14 December and dispersed at sea on 16 December. She was carrying a cargo of sulphite as well as a number of passengers and her captain was the convoy's Vice Commodore. Inanda was bound for Demerara, which was reached on 9 January 1940 via Barbados and Trinidad. She departed on 13 January for Montserrat, from where she sailed on 15 January for Trinidad. She departed on 16 January for Galveston, Texas, United States, arriving on 22 January and sailing on 3 February for Halifax, where she arrived on 13 February. Inanda was a member of Convoy HX 20, which departed on 16 February and arrived at Liverpool on 4 March. She was carrying general cargo.
Inanda departed from Liverpool on 29 March as a member of Convoy OB 119, which dispersed at sea on 1 April. She was performing the rôle of a convoy rescue ship and sailed to London after the convoy had dispersed. She then sailed to Southend, from where she departed on 8 April as a member of Convoy OA 125G, which formed Convoy OG 25 on 10 April. Inanda was carrying general cargo bound for Antigua, arriving on 24 April and sailing that day for Saint Kitts, where she arrived on 24 April. She sailed the next day for Saint Lucia, from where she departed on 26 April for Grenada, arriving on 29 April. She spent the next few weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at Bermuda on 20 May. Carrying general cargo, Inanda was a member of Convoy BHX 64, which departed on 7 August and joined with convoy HX 64 on 12 August. Convoy HX 64 departed from Halifax on 8 August and arrived at Liverpool on 23 August. Inanda was bound for London, which was reached by leaving the convoy and sailing to the Methil Roads, where she arrived on 24 August. She then joined Convoy FS 262, which departed on 25 August and arrived at Southend on 27 August.
Inanda was then hired by the Royal Navy for use as an ocean boarding vessel. On 7 September, she was berthed at London Docks when she was sunk in an air raid.
She was salvaged and rebuilt as a cargo ship, Inanda was renamed Empire Explorer, she was passed to the MoWT and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was changed to London although she retained the Code Letters GLMB.
Empire Explorer was a member of Convoy FN 632, which departed from Southend on 15 February 1942 and arrived at Methil two days later. She left the convoy at the Tyne on 16 February, to load general cargo. She sailed four days later to join Convoy FN 636, which had departed from Southend on 19 February and arrived at Methil on 21 February. She then joined Convoy EN 50, which departed the next day and arrived at Oban, Argyllshire on 23 February. She left the convoy at Loch Ewe and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving on 17 March. Empire Explorer spent the next five weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at the Cape Verde Islands on 20 April and sailing two days later for Halifax, where she arrived on 30 April. She joined Convoy HX 188, which departed on 3 May and arrived at Liverpool on 15 May. She was carrying general cargo, sugar and 38 bags of mail. She left the convoy at the Clyde, arriving on 15 May.
Empire Explorer sailed on 1 June to join Convoy OS 30, which departed from Liverpool that day and arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone on 19 June. She was in ballast and armed with a 4-inch or 4.7-inch gun, eight machine guns and a number of kites. She was stated to be bound for George, South Africa. She arrived at Demerara on 21 June, sailing nine days later for Trinidad, where she arrived on 1 July. Empire Explorer sailed from Trinidad on 8 July, carrying 200 bags of mail, 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of pitch and 4,000 long tons (4,100 t) of sugar and bound for Barbados. At 02:47 German time on 9 July, Empire Explorer was torpedoed, shelled and sunk at
11°40′N 60°55’W. by the U-575, which was in the command of Günther Heydemann. Of her 70 crew and 8 DEMS gunners, three crew were killed. The survivors were rescued by HMS MTB 337 and landed at Tobago.
(Barbados 1994, 70 c. StG.1033; St. Kitts 1990, 40 c. StG.316)
D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen
Posts: 510
Joined: Fri Sep 24, 2010 7:46 pm

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