COALING AT CASTRIES

The stamp shows a steamship coal bunkering in Castries, St Lucia, the coal was loaded by mostly women who carried a basket full of coal on her head from the shore to tip it in the bunkers of the moored steamer. The steamer shown on the stamp is not identified.
In the second half of the 19th century Castries became an important bunkering port for coal, due to her deep and sheltered harbour, they could accommodate even the largest Royal Navy ships for bunkering.
Welsh coal was shipped to Castries, which was then supplied to ships which needed coal bunkers.
By the turn of the century Castries was the 14th most important coal bunkering port in the world.
During the 1930s oil got more important and the bunkering of coal declined around the world.
Saint Lucia 2002 65c sg?, scott?
Source: Internet various sites.

PINNACE

PINNACE was a fast maneuverable, relatively narrow square vessel of the late 17th century through the 18th century. Mostly used in the north of Europe and Portugal.
Used as a merchantman and whaler but also as a warship when needed. She resembled a jacht (yacht) and was often confused with it. The 17th century vessels had two decks, a forecastle and a half deck at the stern. Soft V shape bottom; angular bilges, tumble home to sides above the waterline. Ornamented beakhead and stern.
Armed with 18 guns.
Square rigged on fore- and mainmast, lateen and mizzen topsail on the mizzen mast. Larger ships had a spritsail and a sprit topsail (as seen on stamp) below the bowsprit.
Crew 60-70.
Dimensions: 35 – 45.7m long, 7.6 – 11.6 m wide. Tonnage from 150 to 800 ton.

Guinea 2002 4000F sgMS?, scott2071.

Source: Aak to Zumbra, a Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.

AMERICA II (US 46) yacht

The AMERICA II (US 46) was nominated as official team challenger and the only yacht which took part in the America’s Cup Louis Vuitton Challenge’s Race in Freemantle, Australia.
AMERICA II (US 46) was one of the three 12-metres yacht all named AMERICA II only the sail number was different, the others carried the No. US 42 and 44. Which yacht is depict on the stamp is difficult to say, not a sail number is visible, all were in Freemantle but the US 46 was the only yacht used in the Challenge Race, the other two yachts were used for training.
All three yachts were built as a 12-metre yacht by the Williams & Manchester Shipyard in Newport, Rhode Island for the America II Syndicate USMMA Foundation, representing the New York Yacht Club.
The US 46 was designed by Sparkman & Stephens, M.W. Langan.
Built in 1986.
Displacement 27.3 ton, dim. 19.72 x 3.35 x 2.62m, (draught), length on waterline 13.68m.
Sail area 140.64 m².
After completing she was shipped to Australia, the last of the AMERICA II yachts to arrive.
She sailed under skipper John Kolius in the Louis Vuitton Races, she did not reach the semi-finals.
After the America Cup the AMERICA II (US 46) was shipped back to the United States.
1989 Sold to Lennard A. Gulson at San Diego CA, USA. She was used in the movie “Wind” under the name FIDDLER.
1993 Sold to US 46 LLC (Alfred B. Van Liew), Newport, R.I. still named FIDDLER.
2005 Sold to Scott MacLeod in CT, USA, renamed again in AMERICA II.
2006 Sold to Manhattan Sailing Club, Manhattan, NY, USA not renamed. She was bought by members of that club to celebrate the club’s 20th anniversary, she was donated by the members in 2012 to the New York Harbor Sailing Foundation.
2014 Still owned by the Foundation and used for sailing with paying passengers in New York harbour.
Solomon Island 1987 $1 sg570a, scott570g.
Belize 1987 25c sg985, scott?
Source: http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05347.html Internet

CRUSADER / WHITE CRUSADER

The 12m yacht CRUSADER was built by Cougar Marine for the British America’s Cup Challenges PLC, representing the Royal Thames Yacht Club.
The yacht was designed by Ian Howlett.
February 1986 launched at Hamble, U.K as the CRUSADER (I), the yacht was christened by HRH Princess Diana.
Displacement 26 ton, dim. 1981 x 3.81 x 2.71m. (draught), length on waterline 13.77m.
Sail area 164.55m²
She was built for the contest of the 1987 America Cup in Fremantle, Australia.
1986 Renamed in WHITE CRUSADER after the sponsor of the yacht bought the whisky brand “White Horse”.
Under skipper Harald Cudmore the yacht made it to the sixth place.
1988 Was she chartered to V. Bandolowski in Lulea, Sweden and renamed HOLGER DANSKE.
1993 Sold to Richard Matthews in Ipswich, U.K. and renamed again CRUSADER.
Some time she was fitted out with an engine and had some accommodation.
2001 The engine and accommodation were removed and went back to full 12-Metre racing.
2014 Still owned by the Matthews and used for racing.
Solomon Islands 1986 $1 sg570a, scott574.
Belize 1987 $4 sg988, scott
Sources: Various internet sites.

IMPROVEMENT SUEZ CANAL

A new stamp was issued by the Egypt Post in 2014 for the improvement of the Suez Canal, but the design shows a lock in the Panama Canal.
The stamp was withdrawn after the mistake was detected, how many there have been issued is unknown.
The vessels depict on the stamp, the warship looks she is one of the Type 42 of the Royal Navy but which ship of the class is unknown. The other ships till so far not identified.

COURAGEOUS yacht

Built as a 12 meter yacht by Minneford’s Yacht Yards, City Island, New York for the Courageous Syndicate, New York.
June 1974 launched as COURAGEOUS.
Displacement 25,4 ton, dim. 20.10 x 3.73 x 2.73m. (draught, length on waterline 13.60m.
Sail area 151 m²
Crew 11.

COURAGEOUS is a 12-metre class yacht. She was the third boat to win the America's Cup twice, in 1974 and 1977, after COLUMBIA in 1899 and 1901, and INTRPID in 1967 and 1970. All three of these boats won for the New York Yacht Club and thus the United States. COURAGEOUS was the first all-aluminium-hulled 12-metre class yacht.
COURAGEOUS successfully defended the America's Cup for the USA in 1974 with Ted Hood at the helm. After the 1974 cup, Hood built a new boat which he thought was faster than COURAGOUS and sold COURAGOUS to Ted Turner. Turner won the 1977 America's Cup defender trials in COURAGEOUS beating Hood in the process, and then went on to successfully defend the America's Cup later that year.
When preparing COURAGEOUS for the 1977 America's Cup, she was re-measured for compliance with the 12-metre class rule. It was discovered that she was lighter than the weight declared in her original racing certificate for the 1974 America's Cup. Less weight typically means a faster performance in lighter winds and a slower performance in stronger winds. If COURAGEOUS had been found to be underweight before the competition in 1974 then the designers would have had to make adjustments to sail area, the waterline length, or other attributes to make the design comply with the 12-metre rule. If COURAGEOUS was found to be underweight during the event she would have been disqualified. It is only conjecture what effect this oversight had on the result of the 1974 event.
1979 Renamed in COURAGEOUS II.
1984 Owned again by Courageous Syndicate Inc., Short Beach CT, USA., renamed COURAGES III.
1986 Renamed in COURAGEOUS IV.
1993 Renamed again in COURAGOUS and owned by Courageous Sailing Center in Charlestown MA, USA.
1996 Owned by US 26 Corporation, Wilmington, DE, USA not renamed.
Both COURAGEOUS and INTREPID are still sailing and racing today in Newport, Rhode Island. INTREPID is available for charter and COURAGEOUS is privately owned.
1997 Was she donated by Leonard Greene to the Museum of Yachting, Newport, Rhode Island.
2002 Restoration took place by Hinckley Yacht Services in Portsmouth, USA. Then owned by The Courageous Foundation Ltd., Newport, R.I.
2005 Designated by the State of Rhode Island as a State Yacht.
2014 Still owned by Courageous Foundation and regular used for races.

Solomon Islands 1986 18c sg570a, scott573h. $1 sg570a scott
Dominica 1987 $5 sgMS1056, scott1018.
Gambia 1987 1b sg701, scott673.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courageous_(yacht) http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05436.html Internet.

MARK TWAIN + steamboat

Acclaimed author and humorist Mark Twain is being honored by the U.S. Postal Service with the issuance of a commemorative Forever postage stamp in 2011.
Our literary tribute this year rightfully honors Mark Twain, author of one of the greatest novels in American literature and the man whom William Faulkner called ‘the first truly American writer,’ said Postal Service Board of Governors member James H. Bilbray. “Mark Twain was a rarity, as he was one of the first writers to exploit the vernacular voice in his books, using the speech of common Americans,” Bilbray said.
Joining Bilbray at the dedication ceremony will be Henry Sweets, curator for the Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum; Rachel Bringer, Circuit Judge, 10th Judicial Circuit, Hannibal MO; and David Martin, district manager, Gateway District, USPS.
Mark Twain (1835—1910), is the author of beloved works such as The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. His Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is widely considered one of the greatest novels in American literature. In this tale of an abused boy and a runaway slave who become friends while riding a raft down the Mississippi River, Twain addressed issues of race and racism in America with a frankness that is still startling more than a100 years later. Born Samuel Clemens, Mark Twain took his name from his time working as a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi.
The postage stamp portrait shows Twain as an older man; the steamboat in the background evokes a way of life along the Mississippi River that played a huge role in many of Twain’s works, as well as in his own life. Art director and stamp designer Phil Jordan collaborated with stamp artist Gregory Manchess, who based his portrait of Twain on a photograph taken around 1907.

USA 2011 Forever stamp sg?, scott? (the steamboat is not identified.)

http://about.usps.com/news/national-rel ... 11_076.htm
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Inanda (T&J Harrison)

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Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby shipstamps » Mon Jun 23, 2008 5:57 pm


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Launched 24th February 1925 by Swan Hunter and sailed on her maiden voyage from London to West Indies.
13th August 1936 the two Osborne brothers, who had earlier absconded from Britain with the fishing vessel GIRL PAT, were placed in custody by the master of Inanda and transferred to the authorities in London.
21st June 1940 she sailed on the final voyage of Harrison passenger service to West Indies.
27th Aug 1940. On return requisitioned by Admiralty as an Ocean Boarding Vessel. In September she was struck by bombs from German aircraft whilst fitting out in Royal Albert Dock, London.
She was refloated and taken over by UK government and rebuilt as a cargo vessel.
11th Feb 1942 registered under the ownership of the Ministry of War Transport and renamed EMPIRE EXPLORER.
8yh July 1942 torpedoed by German submarine U575 on passage from Demerara to Barbados. Hit by a second torpedo and then the Uboat shelled her until she sank.
Only 3 of the 71 crew were reported missing.
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Re: Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Fri Feb 28, 2014 8:46 pm

inanda.jpg
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Built in 1925 by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle upon Tyne for Charente Steamship Co Ltd. (operated by T & J Harrison Ltd.)
Cargo/passenger ship, Gt:5985, Nt:3746, Dw:6900, L:124,05m. (407’) B:15,90m. (52’2”) D:8,66m. (28’5”) draught:7,80m. (25’7¼”) Wallsend Slipway Co. Ltd. quadruple expansion steam engine:606 nhp. 13 kn. passengers:100, crew:130.

Inanda was launched on 24 February 1925 and was completed in May. She was built for the Charente Steamship Co Ltd and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was Liverpool. She was allocated the United Kingdom Official Number 137410 and Code Letters KSNF. On 3 February 1932, Inanda was on a voyage from London to the West Indies when she suffered a broken propellor. She put into Swansea, Glamorgan for repairs.Following the changes to Code Letters in 1934, Inanda was allocated GLMB.
Inanda was a member of Covnoy OA 7, which departed from Southend, Essex on 19 September 1939 and dispersed at sea on 22 September. She was bound for Antigua, where she arrived on 3 October. She departed that day and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving later that day. On 4 October, Inanda sailed for Grenada arriving on 6 October and departing that day for Trinidad, where she arrived the next day. On 9 October, she sailed for Demarara, British Guiana, arriving the next day and departing on 14 October for Trinidad, where she arrived on 15 October. Departing on 20 October, Saint Vincent and Grenada were visited before Inanda arrived at Saint Lucia, from where she sailed on 25 October for Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. She arrived on 2 November, sailing on 8 November as a member of Convoy HXF 8, which arrived at Dover, Kent, United Kingdom on 21 November. Inanda was carrying general cargo, rum and sugar. She then sailed to Southend to join Convoy FN 46, which departed on 1 December and arrived at Methil, Fife the next day. She left the convoy at Middlesbrough, Yorkshire on 2 December.
Inanda sailed from Middlesbrough on 11 December to join Convoy FS 53, which had sailed from Methil that day and arrived at Southend on 12 December. She then joined Convoy OA 53, which sailed on 14 December and dispersed at sea on 16 December. She was carrying a cargo of sulphite as well as a number of passengers and her captain was the convoy's Vice Commodore. Inanda was bound for Demerara, which was reached on 9 January 1940 via Barbados and Trinidad. She departed on 13 January for Montserrat, from where she sailed on 15 January for Trinidad. She departed on 16 January for Galveston, Texas, United States, arriving on 22 January and sailing on 3 February for Halifax, where she arrived on 13 February. Inanda was a member of Convoy HX 20, which departed on 16 February and arrived at Liverpool on 4 March. She was carrying general cargo.
Inanda departed from Liverpool on 29 March as a member of Convoy OB 119, which dispersed at sea on 1 April. She was performing the rôle of a convoy rescue ship and sailed to London after the convoy had dispersed. She then sailed to Southend, from where she departed on 8 April as a member of Convoy OA 125G, which formed Convoy OG 25 on 10 April. Inanda was carrying general cargo bound for Antigua, arriving on 24 April and sailing that day for Saint Kitts, where she arrived on 24 April. She sailed the next day for Saint Lucia, from where she departed on 26 April for Grenada, arriving on 29 April. She spent the next few weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at Bermuda on 20 May. Carrying general cargo, Inanda was a member of Convoy BHX 64, which departed on 7 August and joined with convoy HX 64 on 12 August. Convoy HX 64 departed from Halifax on 8 August and arrived at Liverpool on 23 August. Inanda was bound for London, which was reached by leaving the convoy and sailing to the Methil Roads, where she arrived on 24 August. She then joined Convoy FS 262, which departed on 25 August and arrived at Southend on 27 August.
Inanda was then hired by the Royal Navy for use as an ocean boarding vessel. On 7 September, she was berthed at London Docks when she was sunk in an air raid.
She was salvaged and rebuilt as a cargo ship, Inanda was renamed Empire Explorer, she was passed to the MoWT and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was changed to London although she retained the Code Letters GLMB.
Empire Explorer was a member of Convoy FN 632, which departed from Southend on 15 February 1942 and arrived at Methil two days later. She left the convoy at the Tyne on 16 February, to load general cargo. She sailed four days later to join Convoy FN 636, which had departed from Southend on 19 February and arrived at Methil on 21 February. She then joined Convoy EN 50, which departed the next day and arrived at Oban, Argyllshire on 23 February. She left the convoy at Loch Ewe and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving on 17 March. Empire Explorer spent the next five weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at the Cape Verde Islands on 20 April and sailing two days later for Halifax, where she arrived on 30 April. She joined Convoy HX 188, which departed on 3 May and arrived at Liverpool on 15 May. She was carrying general cargo, sugar and 38 bags of mail. She left the convoy at the Clyde, arriving on 15 May.
Empire Explorer sailed on 1 June to join Convoy OS 30, which departed from Liverpool that day and arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone on 19 June. She was in ballast and armed with a 4-inch or 4.7-inch gun, eight machine guns and a number of kites. She was stated to be bound for George, South Africa. She arrived at Demerara on 21 June, sailing nine days later for Trinidad, where she arrived on 1 July. Empire Explorer sailed from Trinidad on 8 July, carrying 200 bags of mail, 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of pitch and 4,000 long tons (4,100 t) of sugar and bound for Barbados. At 02:47 German time on 9 July, Empire Explorer was torpedoed, shelled and sunk at
11°40′N 60°55’W. by the U-575, which was in the command of Günther Heydemann. Of her 70 crew and 8 DEMS gunners, three crew were killed. The survivors were rescued by HMS MTB 337 and landed at Tobago.
(Barbados 1994, 70 c. StG.1033; St. Kitts 1990, 40 c. StG.316)
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