KOLEK CANOE

By this stamp is given in Australian Stamp Monthly April 1990 that a KOLEK canoe is depict, a unique little outrigger canoe originated in Ambon from which the early labour force came. Built in the form of a dugout it has retained its popularity with the Malay community and has been featured on the island for many years. Hand carved from the trunk of the locally obtained tree “Gyrocarpus”, koleks are extremely seaworthy.
From Aak to Zumbra Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft gives on the Kolek:
In use on Christmas Island; double-outrigger canoe of fairly recent origin, used mainly for fishing off the steep beaches of this Australian-administered island south of Java,
The solid sharp ends curve up above gunwale level. Two booms, 2.4 – 3.1m long, cross the hull and attach to the slender floats (2.2-2.9m long) with ring-shaped connectives. Designed for use by 1-3 people. Reported lengths 4 – 6m., width 0.5m., depths 0.31-0.36m.

Christmas Island 1990 50c sg296, scott263.

Brillant HMS (Sixth Rate, Full Rigger Frigate) 1779

HMS Brilliant was a 28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate of the British Navy.She was first commissioned in July 1779 under the command of Captain John Ford.

She was ordered in 1776. Built in Henry Adams, Bucklers Hard Shipyard. Laid down in February 1777. Launched in 15 July 1779. Completed in 4 September 1779. Commisioned in 1779.

Length: 120 ft 6 1⁄4 in (36.735 m) (overall) 99 ft 6 in (30.33 m) (keel). Beam: 33 ft 8 in (10.3 m). Depth of hold: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m). Sail plan: Full-rigged ship. Complement: 200 officers and men. Armament: Upperdeck: 24 × 9-pounder guns, Quarterdeck: 4 x 6-pounder guns + 4 x 18-pounder carronades Forecastle: 2 x 18-pounder carronades 12 x swivel guns.

Between July 1796 and October 1798 Her captain was Henry Blackwood. On 27 July, at Tenerife, She observed the frigates Vertu and Régénérée preparing to sail for Rochefort. At 6, the French frigates sailed and started firing on Brilliant; Régénérée was closing in on her opponent when Vertu, which had sailed large, touched the wind; .Régénérée imitated her manoeuver, but lost her mizzen and bowsprit, allowing Brilliant to flee.Vertu gave chase, but could not overhaul her opponent and returned to Tenerife. There, Régénérée replaced her rigging, and both frigates eventually arrived in Rochefort on 5 September.

On 8 September 1800 Brilliant sent the prize Dragon into Plymouth. She was a packet of 14 guns, bound for L'Orient from Guadeloupe and carrying a cargo of cocoa, coffee, indigo and cotton.

On 8 October 1807 Brilliant and Boreas captured the Danish ships St Hans and Montreal.

She was broken up at Portsmouth in November 1811

Burkina Faso, S.G.?, Scott; 1132c.

Source: Wikipedia

Kedah or Kedmah (Passenger Cargo Ship) 1927

Built by Vickers Ltd., at Barrow-in-Furness, for the Straits Steamship Co., Ltd., of Singapore, this ship was completedin October 1927. Her tonnages were 3,504 gross, 1,389 net, dimensions; 330' x 50'6" x 15'1,5" draught. She had twin screws driven by single-reduction geared turbines supplied with steam at 230 lbs./sq.in. pressure by four water-tube boilers, and had a speed of 19 knots. She had cabin accomodations amidships for eighty 1st class passengers and carried about 960 deck passengers.

She was built for the Singapore-Penang passenger and cargo service, also made a weekend run to Belawan. On the outbrake of WW-II she was requisitioned and armed with two 4" guns, one 12 pdr., and two pom-poms. As HMS Kedah she was in the last convoy to leave singapore when the japanese occupied it and was one of the first to return at the liberation in 1945, when she was flying the flag of Rear Admiral morse.

In January 1946 she arrived at Barrow for a much-needed reconditioning and while there was sold to Israeli interests who decided to have the work completed in antwerp. She was almost lost on the passage when the tow-rope broke and she was in danger of drifting on to St.Agnes Head, but the tug Salvonia picked her up and completed the voyage. In 1947 she was transferred to the Kedem Palestine Line and renamed Kedmah for trade in the Mediterranean under Zim Line management. In 1951 she was badly damaged by a collision with a wreck in Haifa Bay, but repaired returned to service.

In 1952 she was bought by Harris & Dixon, who renamed her Golden Isles and put her on their Sterling Line service from Marseilles to Malta, Cyprus, and Lebanon. Her final two years were spent on the Marseilles-Haifa run on Zim Line charter, and late in 1956 she was sold to John Cashmore, Ltd., and towed to Newport, Mon., by the tug Turmoil for scrapping.

Kedmah depicted on the buttom right corner of Israeli stamp.

Singapore, 1980, S.G.?, Scott; 345

Israel, 1995, S.G.?, Scott; 1241

Source: Merchant Ships 1910-1929 by Laurence Dunn.

Lady Mary Wood (Paddle Steamer) 1842

Built in 1842 by Thomas Wilson & Co., Liverpool. Gt; 533, Diamensions; 160'8 x 25'5 x 16'6. A two cylender, 250 ihp (60 1/4" diam. X 66" stroke) steam engine, built by Fawcet Preston & Co., Liverpool, and paddle wheels gave her a speed of 12 knots. She had a wooden hull, carried 200 tons of cargo, 60 first class and 50 third class passengers.

She was launched 16 September 1841 and delivered 19 January 1842, she entered the Mediterranean service. In 1845 she was placed in the Ceylon-Singapore-Hong Kong service. When a rebellion broke out in Ceylon in 1848, Lady Mary Wood brought troops from Madras to put down the revolt, thus becoming the first steam-propelled troopship. In 1850 she attempted a Hong Kong-Shanghai service, but high customs duties at Shanghai, rigged by local merchants, forced discontinuance. She was sold in 1859 to the Indo-Netherlands Company for service between the East Indies and China.

Singapore, 1980, S.G.?, Scott, 348.

Source:Watercraft Philately

JEANIE JOHNSTON (Ireland)

Built 1998-2002 by The Jeanie Johnston (Ireland) Company Ltd., Blennerville, Tralee, for Dublin Docklands, Development Authority (operator Aiseanna Mara Teoranta)
Cost: €13.7m. port of registry Tralee, County Kerry.
Maiden voyage: March 2003, IMO number: 8633671, Call sign: EIJL, MMSI number: 250271000
Status: Museum ship
Three-masted barque, Gt:301, Displacement:518 t. (510 long tons) Length:47 m.(154' 2") o/a, 37.5 m.(123') on deck, Beam:8 m.(26' 3") Draft:4.6m.(15'1") Air draft:28m.(91'10")

Propulsion:2 × 290 hp. (216 kW.) Caterpillar 3306 diesel engines
1 × 50 kW. (67 hp.) bow thruster.
Sail plan:18 Duradon sails, 645 m2. (6,940 sq ft) sail area
Endurance:Under sail: 70 days, On 1 engine:17 days
Crew:40 (11 permanent and 29 voyage crew)

In 2003 the replica Jeanie Johnston sailed from Tralee to Canada and the United States visiting 32 US and Canadian cities and attracting over 100,000 visitors.
She took part in the Tall Ships Race from Waterford to Cherbourg in 2005 and finished 60th out of 65 ships.
Other notable Irish tall ships or sail training ships are the Asgard II (lost in the Bay of Biscay in 2008), the Dunbrody, the Lord Rank (N.I.)
and the Creidne (I.N.S.).
The replica is currently owned by the Dublin Docklands Development Authority who bought it in 2005 for a reported 2.7 million Euro,
which were used to clear outstanding loans on the vessel guaranteed by Tralee Town Council and Kerry County Council.
From 2006 to 2008 she was operated on their behalf by Rivercruise Ireland. During that time she carried approximately 980 sail trainees and over 2,500 passengers,
making regular visits to ports around Britain and Ireland, and also undertaking several trips to Spain each summer,
often carrying voyage crew who intended to join the Camino de Santiago. In between these voyages she would offer day-sails in Dublin Bay.
In early 2009 the Dublin Docklands Development Authority and Rivercruise Ireland could not reach agreement.
DDDA then offered the Department of Defence use of the ship as a training vessel for free (as a replacement for the sunken Asgard II),
but the offer was turned down.
The Department of Defence declared the Jeanie Johnston unsuitable because of her lack of speed, her required crew size of 11 and her inability to participate
in tall ships races. No alternative operator was found until mid-2010, when Galway-based company Aiseanna Mara Teoranta was appointed to operate the ship as a museum.
As of 2010, the ship is not in seagoing condition.
(Ireland 2000, 30 p. StG.?) Internet

PRODROMOS

From Mr. Sitnikov I got an image of the German tanker PRODROMOS on an artistic stamped envelope from Russia issued on 10 April 2014, and some photo’s
Built as a hopper barge under yard no 614 by Lobnitz & Co. Ltd., Renfrew, Scotland for the Cie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez, Port Said, Egypt.
23 May 1906 launched as the PRIMUS.
Tonnage 601 gross, dim. 57.6 x 11.0 x 2.7m (draught), length bpp 54.9m.
Powered by a steam engine(s) ?
June 1906 completed.
1910 Renamed in PORTEUR No, 36 by owners.
14 March 1938 Sold to Vayannis Cairactides, Piraeus, Greece for £1,900 and renamed PRODROMOS, She was rebuilt in a tanker by the new owners. Two 3-cyl. Diesel engines, manufactured by Bolinder-Munktell, Sweden, 236 hp, each, twin shafts, speed 9 knots.
Tonnage 877 grt, 424 nrt.
08 November 1940 requisition by Greek Government
April 1941 abandoned by her crew in Selinia, Salamis Island, Greek.
After Athens was occupied by German Forces in 27 April 1941 the PRODROMOS was taken as a prize and transferred to the German Navy, not renamed. In service by the navy as a tanker.
1942 Was the German Mediterranean company Hamburg the owner of the PRODROMOS.
After 14 April 1944 the Russian submarine M-111 on patrol off Cape Tarkhankut, Crimea sighted on 17th April the PRODROMOS escorted by the HELGA a transport. M-111 fired torpedoes which missed their target.
PRODROMOS took part in the evacuation of the German troops and her allies from the Crimea to Constanta in April/May 1944
09 May 1944 sunk by the German Navy at Sevastopol according German sources, the Russian sources give, taken by Soviet shore artillery in Sevastopol, by looking at the photo’s it looks that the German forces put her on fire, but she did not sink and was later taken by the Soviets. Anyhow she looks a complete wreck and she was not used again, most probably scrapped at situ.
Russia stamped envelope 2014.
Sources: Mr. Sitnikov. http://historisches-marinearchiv.de/pro ... _value=475
http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz
http://www.worldwar2.ro/arr/?article=776

Seute Deern (Three Masted Bark) 1919

Built in Gulfport Shipbuilding Company, Gulfport, Bremerhaven, Germany in 1919; Gt. 721,38, nt. 630,26; 178.58’ x 36.17’ x 14.76’ (draught) [54.43m (61.45m oa) x 11.30m x 4.6m]; wood hull, barque rig with steel spars, 1.107sq.m. sail area; crew: 10.

Built as Elizabeth Bandi for the Marine Company, Mobile, Alabama, U.S., she was originally a four-masted coastal schooner, but later rebuilt as an auxiliary barque. At the time of her construction, there was an enormous need of trading vessels, hence, hundreds of ships were built. But there was a lack of good dry wood for their construction, so many of the ships were built from fresh wood (Pitchpine). This caused some problems, particularly on Elizabeth Bandi’s first voyage. Loaded with wood, the fresh wood that had been used in her construction, started to twist. As well, it was attacked by worms eating the outer planks, causing her to become leaky. The crew constantly manned the pumps to prevent her from sinking, and when they finally made their destination, she needed extensive repairs before she was able to continue.

Until 1931, the Elizabeth Bandi had sailed under the American flag, but was then sold to a Finnish owner
(William Uskanen) and renamed Bandi. As Bandi, she was primarily involved in the wood export to England. The change from the salty American waters, to the north Baltic Sea, was well suited for her hull. The Baltic Sea water did not contain beetles or wood worms. In 1935, she was sold to W. Uskanen, whose company coincidentally, was called Laiva Bandi. The brokerage firm of Yrjaenen & Kumpp of Bereederung, was in charge of her cargoes. But, they soon had problems finding enough cargo for the ship.

She was sold on Nov. 7, 1938 for 26,500 realm Marks to Germany. The new owner, J. T. Essberger of Hamburg, had the four-masted sailing ship overhauled completely to a three-mast bark. The change began Dec. 16, 1938 with Blohm & Voss (Hamburg) and on June 15, 1939, the nearly new sail-school ship, Seute Deeern, was activated. Up to the end of the Second World War the Seute Deern serviced within the Baltic Sea as a freight and training ship. At the end of war, the bark wound up in Luebeck. The shipping company Essberger brought Seute Deern in June 1946, with the help of a tractor, between Travemuende to Schlichting. There, she was converted into a hotel ship. One year later, the Seute Deern was moved to Hamburg and continued to be used as a hotel and restaurant ship, at the famous “couch place” of the old Ferry VII dock.

The Emder Gastwirtin Erna Hardisty bought her and transferred her to Emden, where she was fastened in December 1964.

On June 22, 1966, she was dragged from Emden to Bremerhaven and its new couch place was in Bremerhaven.

In 1972, she was taken over by the German navigation museum and thoroughly restored. In April 1983, she was renovated into a restaurant ship once again and operated by the Hotel Naber.


Germany, 2003, 2.60 €, S.G.?, Scott; ?.

Source: ; http://www.janmaat.de/seuted.
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Inanda (T&J Harrison)

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Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby shipstamps » Mon Jun 23, 2008 5:57 pm


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Launched 24th February 1925 by Swan Hunter and sailed on her maiden voyage from London to West Indies.
13th August 1936 the two Osborne brothers, who had earlier absconded from Britain with the fishing vessel GIRL PAT, were placed in custody by the master of Inanda and transferred to the authorities in London.
21st June 1940 she sailed on the final voyage of Harrison passenger service to West Indies.
27th Aug 1940. On return requisitioned by Admiralty as an Ocean Boarding Vessel. In September she was struck by bombs from German aircraft whilst fitting out in Royal Albert Dock, London.
She was refloated and taken over by UK government and rebuilt as a cargo vessel.
11th Feb 1942 registered under the ownership of the Ministry of War Transport and renamed EMPIRE EXPLORER.
8yh July 1942 torpedoed by German submarine U575 on passage from Demerara to Barbados. Hit by a second torpedo and then the Uboat shelled her until she sank.
Only 3 of the 71 crew were reported missing.
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Re: Inanda (T&J Harrison)

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Fri Feb 28, 2014 8:46 pm

inanda.jpg
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Built in 1925 by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle upon Tyne for Charente Steamship Co Ltd. (operated by T & J Harrison Ltd.)
Cargo/passenger ship, Gt:5985, Nt:3746, Dw:6900, L:124,05m. (407’) B:15,90m. (52’2”) D:8,66m. (28’5”) draught:7,80m. (25’7¼”) Wallsend Slipway Co. Ltd. quadruple expansion steam engine:606 nhp. 13 kn. passengers:100, crew:130.

Inanda was launched on 24 February 1925 and was completed in May. She was built for the Charente Steamship Co Ltd and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was Liverpool. She was allocated the United Kingdom Official Number 137410 and Code Letters KSNF. On 3 February 1932, Inanda was on a voyage from London to the West Indies when she suffered a broken propellor. She put into Swansea, Glamorgan for repairs.Following the changes to Code Letters in 1934, Inanda was allocated GLMB.
Inanda was a member of Covnoy OA 7, which departed from Southend, Essex on 19 September 1939 and dispersed at sea on 22 September. She was bound for Antigua, where she arrived on 3 October. She departed that day and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving later that day. On 4 October, Inanda sailed for Grenada arriving on 6 October and departing that day for Trinidad, where she arrived the next day. On 9 October, she sailed for Demarara, British Guiana, arriving the next day and departing on 14 October for Trinidad, where she arrived on 15 October. Departing on 20 October, Saint Vincent and Grenada were visited before Inanda arrived at Saint Lucia, from where she sailed on 25 October for Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. She arrived on 2 November, sailing on 8 November as a member of Convoy HXF 8, which arrived at Dover, Kent, United Kingdom on 21 November. Inanda was carrying general cargo, rum and sugar. She then sailed to Southend to join Convoy FN 46, which departed on 1 December and arrived at Methil, Fife the next day. She left the convoy at Middlesbrough, Yorkshire on 2 December.
Inanda sailed from Middlesbrough on 11 December to join Convoy FS 53, which had sailed from Methil that day and arrived at Southend on 12 December. She then joined Convoy OA 53, which sailed on 14 December and dispersed at sea on 16 December. She was carrying a cargo of sulphite as well as a number of passengers and her captain was the convoy's Vice Commodore. Inanda was bound for Demerara, which was reached on 9 January 1940 via Barbados and Trinidad. She departed on 13 January for Montserrat, from where she sailed on 15 January for Trinidad. She departed on 16 January for Galveston, Texas, United States, arriving on 22 January and sailing on 3 February for Halifax, where she arrived on 13 February. Inanda was a member of Convoy HX 20, which departed on 16 February and arrived at Liverpool on 4 March. She was carrying general cargo.
Inanda departed from Liverpool on 29 March as a member of Convoy OB 119, which dispersed at sea on 1 April. She was performing the rôle of a convoy rescue ship and sailed to London after the convoy had dispersed. She then sailed to Southend, from where she departed on 8 April as a member of Convoy OA 125G, which formed Convoy OG 25 on 10 April. Inanda was carrying general cargo bound for Antigua, arriving on 24 April and sailing that day for Saint Kitts, where she arrived on 24 April. She sailed the next day for Saint Lucia, from where she departed on 26 April for Grenada, arriving on 29 April. She spent the next few weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at Bermuda on 20 May. Carrying general cargo, Inanda was a member of Convoy BHX 64, which departed on 7 August and joined with convoy HX 64 on 12 August. Convoy HX 64 departed from Halifax on 8 August and arrived at Liverpool on 23 August. Inanda was bound for London, which was reached by leaving the convoy and sailing to the Methil Roads, where she arrived on 24 August. She then joined Convoy FS 262, which departed on 25 August and arrived at Southend on 27 August.
Inanda was then hired by the Royal Navy for use as an ocean boarding vessel. On 7 September, she was berthed at London Docks when she was sunk in an air raid.
She was salvaged and rebuilt as a cargo ship, Inanda was renamed Empire Explorer, she was passed to the MoWT and placed under the management of T & J Harrison Ltd. Her port of registry was changed to London although she retained the Code Letters GLMB.
Empire Explorer was a member of Convoy FN 632, which departed from Southend on 15 February 1942 and arrived at Methil two days later. She left the convoy at the Tyne on 16 February, to load general cargo. She sailed four days later to join Convoy FN 636, which had departed from Southend on 19 February and arrived at Methil on 21 February. She then joined Convoy EN 50, which departed the next day and arrived at Oban, Argyllshire on 23 February. She left the convoy at Loch Ewe and sailed to Saint Kitts, arriving on 17 March. Empire Explorer spent the next five weeks sailing around the West Indies, arriving at the Cape Verde Islands on 20 April and sailing two days later for Halifax, where she arrived on 30 April. She joined Convoy HX 188, which departed on 3 May and arrived at Liverpool on 15 May. She was carrying general cargo, sugar and 38 bags of mail. She left the convoy at the Clyde, arriving on 15 May.
Empire Explorer sailed on 1 June to join Convoy OS 30, which departed from Liverpool that day and arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone on 19 June. She was in ballast and armed with a 4-inch or 4.7-inch gun, eight machine guns and a number of kites. She was stated to be bound for George, South Africa. She arrived at Demerara on 21 June, sailing nine days later for Trinidad, where she arrived on 1 July. Empire Explorer sailed from Trinidad on 8 July, carrying 200 bags of mail, 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of pitch and 4,000 long tons (4,100 t) of sugar and bound for Barbados. At 02:47 German time on 9 July, Empire Explorer was torpedoed, shelled and sunk at
11°40′N 60°55’W. by the U-575, which was in the command of Günther Heydemann. Of her 70 crew and 8 DEMS gunners, three crew were killed. The survivors were rescued by HMS MTB 337 and landed at Tobago.
(Barbados 1994, 70 c. StG.1033; St. Kitts 1990, 40 c. StG.316)
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