AZZURRA (I-4) yacht 1981

The Grenada Grenadines stamp shows the yacht AZZURRA with the year 1981, not a sail no visible, four yachts with the name AZZURRA have been built in Italy between 1982 and 1986 the first was completed in 1982 as the AZZURRA (I 4). She took part in America Cup Races in 1983, likely she is depict.
AZZURRA (I 4) was built as a 12-metre class yacht by Off. Meccaniche Ing. Mario Cobau at Pesaro, Italy for the Consorzio Sfida Italiana America’s Cup 1983 (Gianni Agnelli &Karim Aga Khan.) Representing Yacht Club Costa Smeralda, Porto Cervo, Italy.
Designed by Studio Andrea Valicelli.
19 July 1982 launched as the AZZURRA (I 4)
Displacement 25.650 tons, dim. 19.98 x 3.81 x 2.72m. (draught), length on waterline 13.87m.
Sail area 166.65 m².
The AZZURRA (I 4) competed in the 1983 Louis Vuitton Cup races in Newport RI, she reached the semi-finals, finished third in the semi-finals.
Used then as trial horse for the Italian yachts for the America Cup Races in 1986/87
In 1987 was she not more sailing.
2014 On display at the Centro Sportivo of the Yacht Club Costa Smeralda, Porto Cervo.
More info is given on: http://www.sy-pacificwave.com/Pages/Pac ... igree.aspx

Grenada Grenadines 1987 70c sg861, scott864.
Source: Internet and http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05384.html

AUSTRALIA KA 5 yacht 1977

AUSTRALIA KA 5 was built Steve E.Ward Co., Cove Harbor, Western Australia for the America Cup Challenge ’77 Ltd. (Alan Bond), Yanchep Western Australia.
Designed by Ben Lexcen & Johan Valentijn.
February 1977 launched as the AUSTRALIA KA 5.
Displacement 29 tons, dim. 19.81 x 3.71 x 2.74m. (draught), length on waterline 13.71 m.
Sail area: 160 m².

AUSTRALIA (KA-5) is an Australian 12-metre-class America's Cup racing yacht that twice challenged unsuccessfully for the America's Cup in 1977 and 1980. Designed by Ben Lexcen in association with the Dutch designer Johan Valentijn for Alan Bond, Australia failed to win a single race against the 1977 defender, COURAGEOUS (US-26), but managed to win one race against the 1980 defender, FREEDOM (US-30). Australia resides in Sydney, Australia, and is currently located at the Sydney Amateur Sailing Club (SASC) in Mosman Bay, Sydney Harbour.
Design and Construction
AUSTRALIA was designed during 1976 by Ben Lexcen in association with the Dutch designer Johan Valentijn. Both men spent seven months experimenting with 1/9th scale models in the University of Delft test tank in the Netherlands.
AUSTRALIA is a conventional design and has been described as a "Courageous-style boat".It has v-shaped mid-ship sections, a low freeboard, large bustle and a low aft run finishing in a wide U-shaped transom. Its fore overhang is very narrow and round shaped in its lowest part. The cockpits are shallow, keel is thin and the ballast is placed very low. The elliptical mast is made in extruded aluminum. AUSTRALIA was approximately 1,500 kilograms (3,300 lb) lighter than COURAGEOUS and it was hoped that by lowering the freeboard and taking a penalty on length, AUSTRALIA would prove faster than the US boat.
AUSTRALIA was built by Steve Ward in Perth and launched in February 1977. AUSTRALIA then sailed in sea trials against Alan Bond's 1974 challenger, SOUTHERN CROSS (KA-4), off Yanchep in Western Australia. The older boat remained a trial horse for AUSTRALIA during the 1977 America's Cup series
1977 America's Cup challenge
For the 1977 America's Cup, AUSTRALIA went to Newport and raced against the 1970 Australian challenger, GRETEL II (KA-3), the Swedish entrant, SVERIGE (S-3), and the French challenger, FRANCE (F-1), led by Baron Bich. Eventually, AUSTRALIA won the right to challenge for the Cup by defeating SVERGE 4–0.
However AUSTRALIA lost to the US defender, CCOURAGEOUS, 4–0. Ben Lexcen, who initially stayed in Australia during the challenge, went to Newport an was disappointed to find that AUSTRALIA had a poor-quality mast from SOUTHERN CROSS and that AUSTRALIA's sails were flat, heavy and of poor quality. AUSTRALIA was never really competitive and COURAGEOUS won the series easily.
1980 America's Cup challenge
Initially, Alan Bond suggested dropping AUSTRALIA and designing a new boat for the 1980 series. Ben Lexcen, however, was convinced that AUSTRALIA's hull – with a few modifications – was a good design and that its performance would improve with a new rig and sails. The hull had its keel made sharper at the bottom, and the bustle was lowered slightly and made larger to help improve the steering.
AUSTRALIA’s competitors for challenging the Americans were: SVERIGE, back for a second time; FRANCE III (F-3), a new yacht for Baron Bich, and the British challenger LIONHEART (K-18). LIONHEART was a fast boat, partly because it was fitted with a ‘bendy' mast which hooked aft several feet at its tip giving it 10 per cent extra unmeasured sail area on its main sail. In light winds, that gave the British boat a strong advantage.
Seeing the British boat's speed, the AUSTRALIA camp decided to copy the mast. The ‘bendy' rig added to AUSTRALIA’s speed and it became a very competitive boat defeating the US defender FREEDOM (US-30) in the second race of the series. However, the late adoption of the ‘bendy' mast meant that AUSTRALIA’s crew were experimenting with the newly cut sails and lacked the necessary confidence in them to win. In any case, the ‘bendy' mast was only effective in light winds. In the final two races, the wind blew hard enough to cancel out whatever advantage it gave AUSTRALIA and FREEDOM won the series convincingly 4–1.
After 1980
Following the 1980 challenge, AUSTRALIA was sold to the British "Victory" syndicate headed by Peter de Savary. Renamed ‘'TEMERAIRE, the boat became a trial-horse for VICTORY 82 (K-21) and VICTORY 83 (K-22) for the 1983 America's Cup that was ultimately won by AUSTRALIA II (KA-6)
In 1985, Australia returned to Sydney after being bought by Syd Fisher in 1985 to be the trail horse for Fisher's "East Australia America's Cup Defence" syndicate defender, STEAK AND KIDNEY (KA-14). Australia was eventually refitted as a charter boat in 2004 and was acquired by the Australia 12m Historic Trust in 2011
Today, Australia is located at the Sydney Amateur Sailing Club (SASC) in Mosman Bay, Sydney Harbour.

Dominica 1987 $3 sg1055, scott1017. (The yacht in the background carries a sail No but hard to read can she be the SVERIGE (S3)?)

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia_(yacht) http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05360.html

COLUMBIA US 16 yacht 1958

COLUMBIA a 12-metre class yacht built by Nevins, City Island for New York Yacht Club (Sears-Cunningham Syndicate), New York.
She was built for the America’s Cup 1958 races and designed by Olin Stephens.
1958 Launched as the COLUMBIA US 16.
Displacement 29 tons, dim. 20.19 x 3.61 x 2.80m. (draught), length on waterline 14.30m.
Sail area 169.55 m².

In the defender series the COLUMBIA competed against three other USA yachts during the summer of 1958 and she was the winner.
The COLUMBIA under skipper Briggs Cunningham she was the defender of the cup against the British yacht SCEPTRE.
The 1958 America Cup Race was sailed off Newport, Rhode Island from 20 September till 26 September. The COLUMBUS won all 4 races, and the America Cup stayed in the USA.
She took also part in the defender trials for the 1962, 1964 and 1967 America’s Cup competitions.
1960 Sold to Paul Shields, New York.
1964 Sold to Thomas Douglas, Newport Beach Ca.
1975 Sold to Swedish Syndicate for the America Cup, Goteborg, Sweden, she kept her name COLUMBIA.
First half of 1976 sold to Handelsbolaget Modern Boating, Goteborg.
Second half of 1976 sold to Pelle Petterson, Lars Wiglund, Stellan Westerdahl, Goteborg.
1978 Sold to Xaver Rouget-Luchaire (Societe des Regates Rochelaises, La Rochelle, France, not renamed.
1985 Sold to Bernard Pollet, Cannes, France.
1997 Sold to Paul Gardener and Bill Collins, Newport, RI, USA.
2000 Sold to Alain Hanover & Daniel Hanover, Newport RI.
2014 Restored to her old glory she is now for charter and races at Newport RI, same name and owners.

Grenada 1987 10c sg1611, scott1479.
Grenadines of Grenada 1992 $1 sg1582, scott1479
Solomon Island 1986 30c sg570a, scott?

Source: Wikipedia. http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05327.html

Krill trawler transhipping to a reefer

The new 'Fisheries' stamp issue was released on 01 May 2008. The issue is the first in a series entitled “The Waters of South Georgia” and comprises four stamps and a First Day Cover.

The waters around South Georgia teem with marine life, thanks to the rich mixing of cold and warm currents at the polar front. Krill, the basic building block of the Southern Ocean’s biology, gathers in large swarms and is fed upon by larger fish, penguins and marine mammals. The deep waters around the Island are home to strange species, which only in the last few decades have become a target for fishermen.

Conserving the rich diversity and abundant fish stocks is the first objective of the Government of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Protecting the seas is expensive, with Patrol Vessel costs running over £2m per annum, and research costs nearing £1m. To fund this work, the Government allows carefully controlled and responsible fishing vessels to operate annually under licence. The fees from the sale of these licences provide the majority of the territory’s revenue.

Quotas for fishing are set annually by the international body the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources and take into account the size of the stock and also any other species of wildlife which depend on the fish for food to make sure that the ecosystem is not unbalanced by commercial fishing.
Source: South Georgia & and South Sandwich Islands post

The four ships have been identified as.
50p ARGOS FROYANES.
60p ROBERT M LEE.
85p The krill trawler and reefer both not identified at anchor in Cumberland Bay, South Georgia.
£1.05 Research vessel PHAROS SG

RANGER J5 yacht 1937

Built as a steel hulled J-class yacht by the Bath Iron Works, Bath for Harold S. Vanderbilt, built as a defender of the 1937 America Cup.
Designed by William Starling Burgess & Olin J. Stephens.
11 May 1937 launched as the RANGER J5. Christened by Mrs. Vanderbilt.
Displacement 166 tons, dim. 41.20 x 6.40 x 4.57m. (draught), length on waterline 26.52m.
Sail area 701.05m².

In the Preliminary Tests she won almost every race against other USA yachts and she was chosen to defend the America Cup Races at Rhode Island in 1937.
She won under skipper Harold S. Vanderbilt all four races from 31 July till 5 August against the British yacht ENDEAVOUR II and the America Cup stayed in the USA.
The rest of the summer of 1937 was she used for races and was very successful.
21 May 1941 the RANGER was sold for scrap for US$ 12,000 to the L & Z Corporation of Fall River, Mass.

Grenadines of Grenada 1992 75c sg1581, scott1478.
Solomon Islands 18c sg570a, scott
http://america-scoop.com/index.php?opti ... 18&lang=en

ENDEAVOUR (II) yacht 1936

Built as a steel hulled J-class yacht by Camper & Nicholson, Gosport, Hampshire for Thomas Octave Murdoch Sopwith a member of the Royal Yacht Squadron, as a challenger for the 1937 America Cup.
Designer: Charles E. Nicholson.
February 1936 laid down.
08 June 1936 launched as the ENDEAVOUR (II) K6.
Displacement 162.6 ton, dim. 41.39 x 6.55 x 4.08m. (draught aft), length on waterline 26.36m.
Sail area 700.77m².

In 1937 she crossed the North Atlantic and arrived in Newport, Rhode Island in the end of May.
She was in 1937 the challenger of the America Cup against the USA yacht RANGER off Newport, Rhode Island.
31 July 1937 the first race the ENDEAVOUR (II) under skipper T.O.M.Sopwith is beaten by the RANGER, and also the second, third and fourth race.
After the America Cup she sailed back to the U.K. under captain George Williams who died during the passage on an ulcer.
In 1938 was she laid up at the builder’s yard in Gosport.
1947 Sold to Charles Kerridge Ltd. for scrap.
1968 At least her hulk was scrapped in Southampton, U.K.

Grenada & Grenadines 1992 75c sg 1581, scott1478. (She is the black hulled yacht in the background of the stamp.)
http://america-scoop.com/index.php?opti ... 14&lang=en

ATALANTA yacht 1881

ATALANTA built as a wooden hulled centreboard sloop at the Flint & Holton lumber yard, Belleville, Ontario, Canada by and for Captain Alexander Cuthbert, as a challenger for the America Cup. Cuthbert was a member of the Bay of Quinte Yacht Club, Canada,
Designed also by Captain Cuthbert.
Early spring 1881 keel laid down.
17 September 1881 launched as the ATALANTA, named after a daughter of a mythical Greek King, she had promised to marry any man who could sprint faster than herself but to put to dead all those who tried and failed.
Gross register tons 46.65, displacement 44.7 tons, dim. 21.34 x 5.79 x 5.03m. (draught), length on waterline 19.50m.
Sail area 289.67m².

She was late in the season almost completed and to be at time in New York she was forced to pass via the inland route to New York, entering the Erie Canal at Oswego.
30 October 1881 arrived at New York harbour.
The first race under skipper Alexander Cuthbert against the defender the MISCHIEF on 08 November was cancelled due to light winds and fog.
09 November the first race over a distance of 32.6 mile off New York was won by the MISCHIEF and also the second race on 10 November was won by the MISCHIEF and the cup stayed in the hands of the New York Yacht Club.
1882 The ATALANTA sailed on Lake Ontario.
1883 Took part in the Fisher Cup at Chicago, she was leading but broke her spinnaker boom and lost against the yacht CORA, at that time the ATALANTA was owned by the Gifford Syndicate of Cobury, Canada.
After repairs were made she raced again in a private match on the same course, and in this race she beat the CORA by 16 minutes.
The ATALANTA kept the Fisher Cup until 1886.
1896 She got on fire and was partly burned. Sold and taken to Chicago for repairs, she was rebuilt with higher topsides and flush deck.
1900 Was she seen in New Orleans, where after she disappears, fate unknown.
More info is given on:
http://america-scoop.com/index.php?opti ... 57&lang=en

Grenadines of Grenada 1992 15c sg1578, scott1475. (she is the yacht in the background of the stamp.)

Source The Story of the America Cup 1851-2003 by Ranulf Rayner. http://navalmarinearchive.com/research/atalanta.html
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GENERAL SHERMAN

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GENERAL SHERMAN

Postby shipstamps » Fri Mar 27, 2009 3:55 pm


Click image to view full size
Built as an iron passenger-cargo vessel under yard 111 by the yard of Tod & McGregor, Glasgow for M. Langlands & Son, Glasgow and managed by the Glasgow & Liverpool Steam Packet.
20 June 1861 launched under the name PRINCESS ROYAL.
Tonnage 494 gross, 828 ton burden, dim. 196.9 x 27.3 x 16ft.
Powered by a 2-cyl steam engine, two boilers, one screw, speed 11 knots.
Schooner rigged
1860 Delivered to owners.

Ostensibly she was built for the Glasgow & Liverpool Steam Packet, but her appearance was more like a blockade-runner for the Confederacy than an Irish Channel steamer.
1862 Taken over by Fraser, Trendholm & Company, Charleston S.C. and she crossed the North Atlantic loaded with two badly needed marine engines and boilers for some ram-ships, under construction in Charleston. Other cargo on board was 600 barrels of gunpowder, 6 - 70-pound Whitworth cannons, 930 steel-headed Whitworth shells, 35 tons of projectile steel, a machine for molding and some provision, the total value of the cargo was £78.808.


Sailed from London and via Newfoundland, arrived mid January 1863 at Bermuda, she was heavily loaded with a draught of 11 feet, with this draught was she slow, and not very suitable to be used as a blockade runner.
Early in the morning of 29 January 1863 she approached the entrance of Charleston, where she was sighted by the schooner G.W. BLUNT that opened fire and warned the other vessels of squadron.
The steamer USS UNADILLA forced the PRINCESS ROYAL aground, but when boarding parties reached the vessel, most of the crew and passengers had left the ship. Only some British sailors stayed behind on board.

After Union warships towed her free, she was brought north, still with the British sailors on board who were hired by the federal commander, he was short of sailors.
The prize court at Philadelphia sold her and her cargo for $342.000.

18 March 1863 sold to the U.S. Navy Department for $112.000, and she was armed with 2 – 30 pound Parrot rifles, 1 - 11 inch Dahlgren gun and four 24-pound howitzers.
29 May 1863 commissioned under command of Melancthon B. Woolsey as USS PRINCESS ROYAL.
Crew 150.

Assigned to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron.
28 June 1863 had a sharp engagement with some Confederate forces at Donaldsonville, LA, in which USS KINEO and WINONA also participated, driving the enemy forces off.
10 August 1863 she captured the British schooner FLYING SCUD loaded with cotton near Matamoros off the Rio Oranda, Tex.
The rest of 1863 and 1864 used in the blockading service, and she captured several small brigs and schooners.
07 December 1864 together with USS CHOCURA she captured the schooner ALABAMA, which was underway from Havana.
07 February 1865 off Galveston Tex. She and the USS BIENVILLE took several small schooners.

In the summer of 1865 she was ordered to head north and she arrived at 21 July at Philadelphia, where she was decommissioned.

17 August 1865 during a public auction sold to Samuel C.Cook for $54.175, and he renamed her in GENERAL SHERMAN.
Thereafter he sent the vessel to China, which at that time was in chaos because of the Taiping upraising.
The Chinese Government hired some foreign mercenaries of which some defected to the Taiping rebels.
A group of these defectors under command of the American Henry A. Burgevine boarded the GENERAL SHERMAN and on board of her he sailed to Formosa (Taiwan), but the Royal Navy captured her during the voyage. In the encounter Burgevine was killed.

Then her ownership became murky, most probably she was bought by the British firm Meadows & Co in Tientsin (Tianjin), and was she bought or chartered by a American merchant W.B. Preston, who sent the ship to Korea.
She was loaded with merchandise and on 09 August 1866 she sailed from Tientsin, under command of Capt. Page with a crew of 28 and the missionary/interpreter, Robert Thomas, the owner Preston was also on board, after a call at Chefoo (Yantai) for fresh water she sailed to Korea, arriving off the mouth of the Daedong River on 18 August.

05 September 1866 was she attacked near Pyongyang, and the complete crew was killed, the vessel was set on fire. For the attack and killing of the crew see http://www.kimsoft.com/2000Sherman.htm
The GENERAL SHERMAN did not sink she was grounded, but she was not lost, as some sources give; when the river levels rose she was refloated and moved to Seoul.
She was repaired and for some time was she the first engine powered warship of the Korean Navy. Under pressure of China she was handed back to her former American owner Samuel C. Cook in 1867.
Early 1868 bought by William F.Weld Co. Boston, Mass., who was building up his Merchants of Boston SS Co.
After a recondition and alternation she was put in the service from Boston to New Orleans service with accommodation for some passengers.
Her last voyage was, when she left on 04 January 1874 New York with on board a crew of 42 men and 4 passengers and general cargo consigned to New Orleans.
During the voyage the weather worsened and on 07 January at 02.00am. she sprung a leak, and the pumps could not manage the water level pouring in.

Her crew were rescued by the schooner SPRAY and FLORENCE and salvaged some cargo and the baggage of the passengers who disembarked at Wilmington N.C.
10 January the steam tug BRANDT steamed out from Wilmington and found the GENERAL SHERMAN still afloat, she managed to put a hawser on the ship and started towing.
Near Tub’s Inlet, twenty-seven miles from Cape Fear the GENERAL SHERMAN sank.

Korea North 2006 140ch sg?, scott?

Source: Clyde built ships. Lifeline of the Confederacy by Stephen R. Wise. http://www.kimsoft.com/2000/shermanr.htm Some other web-sites, a Google search give plenty on the ship.
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Re: GENERAL SHERMAN

Postby markhuggins » Sun Jan 23, 2011 10:28 pm

Had no idea of the history of this ship. I did several scuba dives on it in the late 1980's.
Picked up several lead shot, a rifle slug, several buttons and a belt buckle.
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