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GANGE 1905

Continuing a series begun in 2015 with a triptych commemorating the New Caledonians who fought in the First World War, the OPT is proud to present a 110 XPF stamp issue showing a Kanak Skirmisher about to leave for France aboard the GANGE.
Military draughtsman Roberto Lunardo drew his inspiration from the wooden statue which stands in front of the Customary Senate, a work created by sculptor Armand Gorboredjo.
As natives of the colony of New Caledonia, the Kanaks were not eligible for mobilisation in 1914 because under the Indigenous Regime, in force since 1887, they were not entitled to the rights and liberties of citizenship. However, although France generally represented land-grabbing practices and restrictions, it also contributed the missionaries who often stood up for the Kanaks. A number of tribes opted to acknowledge the French Republic.
As from December 1915, under the policy of equality of treatment for all natives of the French colonies, the voluntary enlistment of one man out of ten paying the capitation tax was required of the Kanaks of New Caledonia. More than a thousand Kanaks from every tribe flocked to enlist between January 1916 and July 1918. Some were picked by their chiefs, others enlisted to see the war and many were driven by their faith in Christian values. However, as the recruitment campaigns continued, eagerness to enlist faded as a result, inter alia, of failures to pay allowances due to families and the heavy drain on the male population. Grouped according to their geographical origin and strictly supervised by the catechists, the Kanaks were assigned to the Bataillon des Tirailleurs des îles du Pacifique (Pacific Islands Rifle Battalion), founded in Noumea in January 1916.
Most of them were sent to France. Three major contingents left Noumea, on 4 June 1916 on board the GANGE, on 3 December 1916 on the same ship and 10 November 1917 on the EL KANTARA. They landed at Marseille and were posted to the camps at Fréjus.
The Bataillon Canaque or Bataillon de la Roussette was a “bataillon d’étapes”, attached to the Marseille Ports Commission and responsible for logistics work on the French Riviera. Although the Kanaks worked as dock labourers and roadmenders, they were given military training and quickly acquired skills in grenade throwing and weapons handling. In April 1917, numbers were swelled with the addition of an artillery company and the battalion became the Bataillon mixte du Pacifique (BMP). In July 1917, to the rear of Chemin des Dames, the Kanaks were assigned to maintaining trenches, installing and repairing telegraph and telephone lines, and working as stretcher bearers and trench cleaners. From August to October 1917, the BMP became an infantry battalion within the 72nd Infantry Division on the Champagne front and fought in the battles of the Matz and the Serre. However, like all soldiers from the colonies, in late October 1917 the Kanak fighters were sent back to spend the winter on the Riviera, where they again worked as labourers and dockhands.
From June 1918 onwards, the BMP was involved in the Battle of the Matz in the Oise, where small units fought alongside the 164th and the 365th Infantry Regiments. In August, the BMP was attached to the 418th Infantry Regiment and fought as an assault troop in the attack on Pasly plateau near Soissons, and in offensives along the line of the Ailette, to the rear of Chemin des Dames. In October, five companies of the BMP were reunited for the first time and saw front line action with the 164th Infantry Regiment at the Battle of the Serre to recapture the Hunding line. On 24 and 25 October, the BMP took part in the capture of the village of Vesles-et-Caumont and Petit Caumont farm, near Laon (Aisne). On 10 December 1918, a meritorious unit citation (10th Army Division) was awarded to the BMP. Following the armistice, the battalion returned to the French Riviera to await a ship back to Noumea. The BMP was dissolved on 9 May 1919. The next day, 908 Oceanian soldiers, including 92 Kanaks, returned home aboard the EL KANTARA. The remaining troops, including 601 Kanaks, were attached to the 73th Senegalese Rifle Batallion. They were shipped home on the KIA ORA in November 1919, and sometimes later.
In all, 383 Kanak soldiers gave their lives for France in the Great War (35.4% of those who enlisted); they formed the largest group of indigenous French subjects who died for France.
Sylvette Boubin-Boyer, PhD in History ... -1916-2016

As given by the New Caledonia Post the GANGE is depict on this stamp.

Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 121 by Messageries Maritimes, La Ciotat for Cie Des Messageries Maritimes, Marseille.
06 August 1905 launched as GANGE, two sisters the EUPHRATE and EL KANTARA.
Tonnage 6,876 gross, 8,170 dwt., dim. 141.35 x 16.06, length bpp. 136.3m.
Powered by 2 triple expansion steam engines, boilers coal fired, 3,800 hp, twin shafts, speed 13 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 40 first, 54 second and 1,200 tweendeck passengers.
December 1905 completed.

She and her sisters were built for the service from Marseille to Saigon and Haiphong.
1914 Requisitioned for the mail service.
April-May 1915 used in the Dardanelles Campaign where she came under fire of the enemy batteries.
April 1916 sailed from Marseille for a voyage in the South Pacific to transport a mix of European and Kanak troops to France.
04 June 1916 the GANGE sailed from Noumea and she arrived the 11 August in Marseille.
September 1916 she made another voyage to the South Pacific in which she brings almost 800 mobilized troops from Noumea to Marseille, she left Noumea 3 December 1916 and arrived Marseille on 12 February 1917.
14 April 1917 on a voyage from Marseille via Bizerte, Tunisia to the South Pacific she was sunk at 21.20 by a mine laid by the German submarine UC-37 under command of Otto Launburg in a position 4 mile north of Cape Blanc at the entrance canal to Bizerte. The GANGE sank with the loss of 1 sailor, 288 people were rescued.

New Caledonia 2016 110F sg?, scott?
Source: and internet.

RAINIER I and battle fleet

The stamp of 6 Frank issued by Monaco was issued for the EXPO Exposition in Genova in 1992 and shows us a portrait of Rainier I Lord of Cagnes 1267-1314 who was the first ruler what is now Monaco. According Navicula our German sister society the battle in the background of the stamp is designed after a fresco from the Spinola Palace in Genoa, which shows us Rainier’s I fleet but I can’t find this fresco on the internet.

Rainier I of Monaco, although not much remembered today, was quite the legend in his own lifetime, known for his daring exploits on land and sea as well as becoming the first Grimaldi sovereign of modern-day Monaco. The Grimaldi family had long been famous for their seafaring adventures. A Grimaldi had led the fleet that brought the kings of Jerusalem and Hungary to Egypt in the Fifth Crusade. Rainier was to earn much of his own swashbuckling reputation afloat as well. Rainier was born in 1267, the eldest of three sons of Lanfranco Grimaldi, French Vicar of Provence and the son of the Consul of Genoa Grimaldo Grimaldi, and Aurelia del Carretto who later married her nephew by that last marriage Francois Grimaldi. As he grew older he became a skilled naval leader in the service of King Charles II of Anjou in 1296 and the success of his galleys was so skillful that he gained a reputation throughout the Mediterranean for his dash and daring.

The following year, in 1297, Rainier went along with his stepfather and a group of armed men in taking the castle on the Rock of Monaco. This was the famous founding of Grimaldi rule over the area of modern Monaco. The men, led by Francois Grimaldi, disguised themselves as monks, concealing their sword under their long, brown robes. Requesting shelter from the Ghibellines who held the castle they were admitted and quickly sprung upon the guards, killing them and opening the way for the rest of their forces which quickly stormed in and took the castle. This was part of a long standing feud amongst the states of Italy between the Guelph and Ghibelline factions. It started out of a conflict between the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor over who had final authority, over religious matters in particular. The Ghibellines supported the Emperor whereas the Guelphs (such as the Grimaldis) supported the Pope. The Guelph Grimaldis had been driven from Genoa by a Ghibelline victory but in 1297, in Monaco at least, they had gained the upper hand and Rainier became Lord Rainier I of Monaco.

In those days King Philippe IV of France embarked on a grand and ambitious campaign against the old enemy of England. Some might think that the Continental Blockade was the invention of Napoleon, but in fact it was a revival of the policy of Philippe IV who endeavored to forge alliances across the continent from the Baltic to Sicily to shut out English goods, turn back English merchants and hopefully leave an economically isolated England to wither on the vine. To a large extent the policy worked but the English monarch, the fierce King Edward I, was no man to trifle with and he found the weak point in the French plan which was Flanders. The policy of isolating England had effected them as well and Edward made an alliance with Count Guy of Flanders to monopolize trade between England and the continent. This quickly made other ports, especially French ports like Calais, see their profits dry up.

Another result was that the increasingly wealthy merchants were rapidly becoming power rivals for the old nobility, especially in Flanders. Philippe IV backed the lords while Edward I tended to sympathize with the merchant democrats. When the situation came to blows in 1302 the aristocrats suffered a bloody defeat and Philippe IV was obliged to go looking for help. Remembering the service he had given to Charles of Anjou and Sicily, Philippe turned to Rainier Grimaldi. An arrangement was made and soon Rainier was off the French coast with 16 armed galleys to which the King added 20 of his own though they were less well built and not as expertly manned as Rainier’s veteran craft. Rainier began training the French sailors and preparing them for battle with the English who did not have quite the same reputation for naval excellence that they would gain later. Their Dutch and Flemish allies, however, had a superb naval reputation.

The confrontation came in August of 1304 at the battle of Zierikzee, Netherlands. Despite being outmatched by the enemy fleet the superior training and seamanship of Rainier and his forces won the day and he earned a great victory for France even capturing the Flemish admiral Guy de Dampierre. In gratitude King Philippe IV appointed Rainier to the rank of Admiral-General of France and granted him the title to Villeneuve in Normandy. A period of peace ensued broken only by the occasional skirmish while in the Mediterranean the feud between the Guelph and Ghibelline factions went on with first one side gaining the upper hand and then the other. In 1309 Rainier established a fortified base today known as Chateau Grimaldi. This was in the town of Cagnes and thereafter Rainier was titled Lord of Cagnes. Rainier had been married twice. His first marriage was to Salvatica, the daughter of the Margrave of Final Giacomo del Carretto. By her he had four children; Charles I, Vinci Guerra (who later married Constancia Ruffa), Salvaggia (who later married Gabriel Vento) and Luca, Lord of Villefranche. Rainier’s second marriage was to Andriola Grillo but they had no children. When Admiral Rainier died in 1314 the leadership of the Grimaldi clan passed to his son, Lord Charles I.

Monaco 1992 6.00F sg2088, scott1819
Downloaded from ... onaco.html

KETCH rigged cargo vessel

The 200 SH SO stamp of the Somali Republic depict a modern top-sail ketch rigged cargo vessel.
She is a two masted trader and identified by the size and position of the mizzenmast which is shorter than the mainmast. Stepped mostly just behind the main boom of the mainmast as seen on the stamp.
The mizzen sail area is roughly one half that of the mainsail.
Both the ketch and the yawl have two masts, with the main mast foremost; the distinction being that a ketch has the mizzen mast forward of the rudder post, whereas on a yawl, it is aft of the rudder post. Compared to a ketch, a similar size yawl's mizzen sail is much smaller than the main, because of the limitations of the mizzen sheet. So on a ketch, the principal purpose of the mizzen sail is to help propel the vessel, while on a yawl, the smaller mizzen mainly serves the purposes of trim and balance. Yawls tend to have mainsails almost as large as those of comparable sloops.
A ketch may be distinguished from a cutter or a sloop by virtue of having two masts rather than one, though a ketch with two foresails is sometimes called a "cutter-rigged ketch".
Both the ketch and the yawl differ from the two-masted schooner, whose aft mainmast is taller than the foremast. (It follows that a schooner does not have a mizzen mast.) If a vessel has two masts of approximately the same height, the rig with the larger sail forward is called a ketch, while the rig with the larger sail aft is a schooner. The American two-masted schooner is rare in Europe, where the ketch rig is preferred.

Somalia Republic 1998 200SH sg?, scott?
Source: Wikipedia and internet sites.


The stamp gives the ARMADALE there was an Australian passenger ship built in 1909 with this name but she had only one funnel, while the stamp shows a two funnel vessel. Comparing stamp with photos the Union Castle liner ARMADALE CASTLE is depict.

Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 423 by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd, Govan near Glasgow for the Union-Castle Mail Steamship Co. Ltd. London.
11 August 1903 launched as the ARMADALE CASTLE one sister the WALMER CASTLE.
Tonnage 12,973 gross, 7,263 net, dim. 173.76 x 19.65 x 11.88m., length bpp. 173.7m.
Powered by two 4-cyl. quadruple expansion steam engines manufactured by shipbuilder, 2.212 nhp.,(12,500 ihp.), twin shafts, speed 17 knots.
Passenger accommodation for 350 first, 200 second and 270 third class passengers.
Some of her holds were fitted out to carry reefer cargo.
November 1903 completed.

She replaced the SCOTT in the mail service between the U.K. and South Africa.
05 December 1903 maiden voyage from Southampton to Cape Town where she arrived on 22 December.
26 June 1904 she was the first mail ship to cross the bar at Durban.
1908 She carried the first shipment of citrus fruit from the Cape to the U.K.
02 August 1914 chartered as an Armed Merchant Cruiser (AMC) armed with 8 – 6 inch guns and commissioned as HMS ARMADALE CASTLE and stationed in the Cape.
September 1914 took part in the South West Africa campaign. ... a_campaign
1915 On patrol off German East Africa.
1916 Carried gold and specie worth £7 million from Simon’s Town to Halifax. N.S., Canada.
April 1917 after a refit her armament given as 8 – 6 inch and 2 – 6pdr. guns. And she joined the 10th Cruiser Squadron for blockade patrols between the Shetland Islands and Norway.
1918 Escort duties on South, North American and West African routes.
11 September 1919 decommissioned and returned to owners, after a reconditioning on the Clyde and her passenger accommodation altered to 261 first, 271 second and 274 third class.
10 April 1936 her last sailing from Cape Town for the U.K.
June 1936 sold to Hughes Bolckow Shipbreaking Co. Ltd., Blyth where she arrived on 12 June 1936 for scrapping.

Liberia 2015 $30 sg?, scott?
Source: Union Castle Line a fleet history by Peter Newall. Armed Merchant Cruisers 1878-1945 by Osborne, Spong & Grover.

CHARLES GLEYRE and painting "Lost Illusions"

Lost Illusions is a painting by Charles Gleyre and his student Leon Dussart, commissioned by William Thompson Walters in 1865.
Charles Gleyre was known as an artist of classic methods but romantic tastes who often modified heroism into idyllic scenes. However, in execution he was not considered romantic, due to his use of pale colors, his delicate drawing style, and uncertain light.[1] At the 1843 Salon (in Paris), Gleyre received praise for The Evening. In 1865, William T. Walters would commission a replica of the painting which was completed by Gleyre and Dussart and is now also known as Lost Illusions.
Lost Illusions depicts a vision Gleyre experienced one evening while on the banks of the Nile. It represents a despondent scene and uses softened tones. In the scene, an aging poet watches as a mysterious "bark" drifts away with his youthful illusions. The illusions are represented by maidens playing instruments and a cupid scattering flowers.
Off the Wall
Currently, Lost Illusions is being featured in Off the Wall, an open-air exhibition on the streets of Baltimore, Maryland. A reproduction of the painting, the original is part of The Walters Art Museum collection, was on display through January 2014 in O'Donnell Square. The National Gallery in London began the concept of bringing art out of doors in 2007 and the Detroit Institute of Art introduced the concept in the U.S.. The Off the Wall reproductions of the Walters' paintings are done on weather-resistant vinyl and include a description of the painting and a QR code for smart phones.

France 2016 1.60 Euro sg?, scott?


The ancient Olympic Games were held over a period of 1500 years. The Games were reestablished in the late 19th century by Baron Pierre de Coubertin and the first modern Olympics took place in Athens in 1896.
Since then, the Olympic Games have been held regularly every four years, except during WWI and WWII.
The Summer Olympics constitute the largest event of any kind in the world.
The 31st modern Olympiad will commence in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on August 5, 2016. This marks the first time that the Olympics have been hosted in South America.
Israel participated in the Olympic Games for the first time in Helsinki 1952. The infamous 1972 Munich games will eternally be mourned for the 11 members of the Israeli delegation who were murdered there - athletes, trainers and referees.
Israel won its first Olympic medal in Barcelona in 1992 and its first gold medal in Athens 2004.

Sailing - RS:X Windsurfing
Sailing is one of Israel's most prominent sports. The most prominent achievement in this field is the Olympic gold medal for windsurfing.
The RS:X windsurfer replaced the Mistral model in 2005. The RS:X was first used at the 2006 Israeli Championships and marked the transition to the younger generation of windsurfers: Gal Friedman, Olympic gold medalist from the Athens 2004 games (Mistral model) came in fourth, while Shahar Zubari won the competition. In the women's competition, Maayan Davidovich beat former World Champion Lee Korzits. Israel was represented at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing by Zubari and Davidovich, both of whom qualified for the medal sailings and Zubari even won a bronze medal.
Lee Korzits won four consecutive world championship titles and was ranked sixth in the London 2012 games. She is Israel’s most decorated athlete.
Israel will be represented at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games by Israeli windsurfers Maayan Davidovich and Shahar Zubari.
Smadar Pintov CEO, Israel Sailing Association.
Downloaded from: ... t&id=28849

RS:X sailboard was made after a design by One Design, Neil Pryde, the designers are Jean Bouldoires & Robert Stroj and the board is made of GRP & Carbon.
Dim. 2.86 x 0.93m.
Hull weight 15.5 kg.
The mast height different between a male and female sailer, male 5.2m., female 4.9m. and also the sail area, male 9.5m², female 4.9m².
RS:X is a windsurfing discipline selected by the ISAFto replace the Mistral One Design Class class for the 2008 Summer Olympics. The discipline has similarities to formula windsurfing - mainly in that the equipment used was designed to allow windsurfing in low and moderate wind conditions with good performance.
RS:X equipment includes a board with a daggerboard, and a sail of a specified size. The board measures 286 cm in length and 93 cm in width. Unlike formula boards, it is quite heavy - 15.5 kg, which is almost twice that of regular competition formula boards, but is very similar to the weight of Raceboards such as the previous Olympic board, Mistral One Design Class. Although the Mistral board has a weight of 17 kg ready to sail, the RS:X board weighs more than 19 kg.
The RS:X seems to be a compromise between traditional Raceboards which work well in 5-35 knots, and Formula boards which go fast in 12-30 knots, and has shown itself to be competitive with past Raceboards in the medium wind range.
The shape and design of the RS:X sail is based on that of the Neil Pryde formula windsurfing sail RS4.

Israel 2016 4s10 sg?, scott?


The full index of our ship stamp archive


Postby shipstamps » Fri Mar 27, 2009 3:55 pm

Click image to view full size
Built as an iron passenger-cargo vessel under yard 111 by the yard of Tod & McGregor, Glasgow for M. Langlands & Son, Glasgow and managed by the Glasgow & Liverpool Steam Packet.
20 June 1861 launched under the name PRINCESS ROYAL.
Tonnage 494 gross, 828 ton burden, dim. 196.9 x 27.3 x 16ft.
Powered by a 2-cyl steam engine, two boilers, one screw, speed 11 knots.
Schooner rigged
1860 Delivered to owners.

Ostensibly she was built for the Glasgow & Liverpool Steam Packet, but her appearance was more like a blockade-runner for the Confederacy than an Irish Channel steamer.
1862 Taken over by Fraser, Trendholm & Company, Charleston S.C. and she crossed the North Atlantic loaded with two badly needed marine engines and boilers for some ram-ships, under construction in Charleston. Other cargo on board was 600 barrels of gunpowder, 6 - 70-pound Whitworth cannons, 930 steel-headed Whitworth shells, 35 tons of projectile steel, a machine for molding and some provision, the total value of the cargo was £78.808.

Sailed from London and via Newfoundland, arrived mid January 1863 at Bermuda, she was heavily loaded with a draught of 11 feet, with this draught was she slow, and not very suitable to be used as a blockade runner.
Early in the morning of 29 January 1863 she approached the entrance of Charleston, where she was sighted by the schooner G.W. BLUNT that opened fire and warned the other vessels of squadron.
The steamer USS UNADILLA forced the PRINCESS ROYAL aground, but when boarding parties reached the vessel, most of the crew and passengers had left the ship. Only some British sailors stayed behind on board.

After Union warships towed her free, she was brought north, still with the British sailors on board who were hired by the federal commander, he was short of sailors.
The prize court at Philadelphia sold her and her cargo for $342.000.

18 March 1863 sold to the U.S. Navy Department for $112.000, and she was armed with 2 – 30 pound Parrot rifles, 1 - 11 inch Dahlgren gun and four 24-pound howitzers.
29 May 1863 commissioned under command of Melancthon B. Woolsey as USS PRINCESS ROYAL.
Crew 150.

Assigned to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron.
28 June 1863 had a sharp engagement with some Confederate forces at Donaldsonville, LA, in which USS KINEO and WINONA also participated, driving the enemy forces off.
10 August 1863 she captured the British schooner FLYING SCUD loaded with cotton near Matamoros off the Rio Oranda, Tex.
The rest of 1863 and 1864 used in the blockading service, and she captured several small brigs and schooners.
07 December 1864 together with USS CHOCURA she captured the schooner ALABAMA, which was underway from Havana.
07 February 1865 off Galveston Tex. She and the USS BIENVILLE took several small schooners.

In the summer of 1865 she was ordered to head north and she arrived at 21 July at Philadelphia, where she was decommissioned.

17 August 1865 during a public auction sold to Samuel C.Cook for $54.175, and he renamed her in GENERAL SHERMAN.
Thereafter he sent the vessel to China, which at that time was in chaos because of the Taiping upraising.
The Chinese Government hired some foreign mercenaries of which some defected to the Taiping rebels.
A group of these defectors under command of the American Henry A. Burgevine boarded the GENERAL SHERMAN and on board of her he sailed to Formosa (Taiwan), but the Royal Navy captured her during the voyage. In the encounter Burgevine was killed.

Then her ownership became murky, most probably she was bought by the British firm Meadows & Co in Tientsin (Tianjin), and was she bought or chartered by a American merchant W.B. Preston, who sent the ship to Korea.
She was loaded with merchandise and on 09 August 1866 she sailed from Tientsin, under command of Capt. Page with a crew of 28 and the missionary/interpreter, Robert Thomas, the owner Preston was also on board, after a call at Chefoo (Yantai) for fresh water she sailed to Korea, arriving off the mouth of the Daedong River on 18 August.

05 September 1866 was she attacked near Pyongyang, and the complete crew was killed, the vessel was set on fire. For the attack and killing of the crew see
The GENERAL SHERMAN did not sink she was grounded, but she was not lost, as some sources give; when the river levels rose she was refloated and moved to Seoul.
She was repaired and for some time was she the first engine powered warship of the Korean Navy. Under pressure of China she was handed back to her former American owner Samuel C. Cook in 1867.
Early 1868 bought by William F.Weld Co. Boston, Mass., who was building up his Merchants of Boston SS Co.
After a recondition and alternation she was put in the service from Boston to New Orleans service with accommodation for some passengers.
Her last voyage was, when she left on 04 January 1874 New York with on board a crew of 42 men and 4 passengers and general cargo consigned to New Orleans.
During the voyage the weather worsened and on 07 January at 02.00am. she sprung a leak, and the pumps could not manage the water level pouring in.

Her crew were rescued by the schooner SPRAY and FLORENCE and salvaged some cargo and the baggage of the passengers who disembarked at Wilmington N.C.
10 January the steam tug BRANDT steamed out from Wilmington and found the GENERAL SHERMAN still afloat, she managed to put a hawser on the ship and started towing.
Near Tub’s Inlet, twenty-seven miles from Cape Fear the GENERAL SHERMAN sank.

Korea North 2006 140ch sg?, scott?

Source: Clyde built ships. Lifeline of the Confederacy by Stephen R. Wise. Some other web-sites, a Google search give plenty on the ship.
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Postby markhuggins » Sun Jan 23, 2011 10:28 pm

Had no idea of the history of this ship. I did several scuba dives on it in the late 1980's.
Picked up several lead shot, a rifle slug, several buttons and a belt buckle.
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Joined: Sun Jan 23, 2011 10:01 pm

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