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Built as a ship of the line at the Galvnoye Admiralteystvo (Russian Main Naval Shipyard) at St Petersburg by the shipbuilder Ulf, for the Russian Imperial Navy.
Launched under the name YEVSTAFY.
Dimensions: 47.5 x 14.5 x 5.8m.
Armament 66 guns of caliber 36 and 18 pounds.
When a Russian squadron sailed from Kronstadt for the Mediterranean on 26 July 1769, it was under command of Admiral G.A. Spiridov on board the YEVSTAFY.
The squadron of 7 ships of the line and 8 smaller warships sailed via Copenhagen and Portsmouth to the Mediterranean.
In November 1769 for the first time in history, Russian warships entered the waters of the Mediterranean.
The Greeks fighting against the Turkish conquerors, got the help from the Russian Tsarina Catherine the Great, and the Russian squadron later strengthened by an other Russian squadron under command of the Englishman the Rear Admiral John Elphinston of 3 ships of the line and 5 smaller warships, tried to support a revolt by the Greek people against the Turkish occupation.
After landing in the Greek province Moreiro, they first captured the fortress of Koron and on 10 April 1770 they took Navarino capturing 45 guns.
Still the Turkish forces were three times superior in number, but the constant assaults of the Russian forced them to retreat to the Aegean Sea.
The two squadrons were coming under overall command of Count Orlov, and he combined the two squadrons, and began a search for the enemy’s warships.
23 June 1770 the Turkish fleet was sighted at the Chios Strait, where they were anchored. The Turkish fleet of 73 vessels under which sixteen ships of the line and six frigates formed in two lines. The Russian fleet of only nine ships of the line and three frigates.
In the afternoon of 24 June the Russian fleet began firing upon the Turkish center and vanguard. The Turkish fleet opened fire on the YEVSTAFY; she returned fire on the Russian Admiral ship REAL-MUSTAFA and extensively damaged the 80-gun vessel. The Russian boarded the REAL-MUSTAFA but at that moment a burning mast of the REAL-MUSTAFA fell on the YEVSTAFY.
Fire broke out on board the YEVSTAFY and the fire ignited its powder supply, and with a terrific roar both ships exploded and sank with heavy loss of live.
Admiral Spiridov escaped the explosion, and transferred his flag to the TREKH SVYATITELYA.
Russia 1996 750r sg6612, scott6339.
Source: http://www.navy.ru/history/hrn3-e.htm http://www.1rss.com/pages_eng/yevstafiy.htm