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Hermes, Gypsey Schooner and Belle Poule.

HMS HERMES was a 20-gun class sixth-rate post ship built in Milford Dockyard in 1811. On 11 February 1812 Hermes captured the American brig Flora. Then on 26 April Hermes captured the American brig Tigress. Four days later, HERMES and BELLE POULE captured the American privateer schooner GIPSY (or Gipsey). She was on her way from New York City to Bordeaux with a cargo worth ₤50,000 when the British vessels captured her in the mid-Atlantic after a three-day chase. Gipsey surrendered twice to Hermes and twice got away again before Belle Poule caught her. Gipsey was of 300 tons (bm) and was armed with twelve 18-pounder carronades and an 18-pounder gun on a pivot mount.In September 1814, master Percy led her in an unsuccessful attack on Fort Bowyer. The Louisiana State Museum has a map of the battle. The attack took place on 15 September at about 4:30pm. Two of the four British vessels could not get close enough to fire. The fort was more strongly armed than expected, the British fire was ineffective, and a parallel ground attack failed. Furthermore, as she tried to withdraw, Hermes grounded under the guns of the fort. Percy evacuated her crew on boats from Sophie and then set fire to Hermes, which blew up after the fire reached her magazine at around 10pm. In all, Hermes had lost 17 killed in action, 5 mortally wounded and 19 wounded. (The medical journal of the Hermes has survived. ) She was destroyed in 1814 to prevent her falling into American hands after grounding during her unsuccessful attack on Fort Bowyer on Mobile Pointoutside Mobile, Alabama. On 18 January 1815, Percy faced a court martial on board Cydnus, off Cat Island (Mississippi). The court acquitted him of all blame, finding that the circumstances justified the attack and that all involved had behaved with great gallantry. HMS BELLE POULE was a Royal Navy fifth rate frigate, formerly Belle Poule, a Virginie-class frigate of the French Navy, which was built by the Crucy family's shipyard at Basse-Indre to a design by Jacques-Noël Sané. She was launched on 17 April 1802, and saw active service in the East, but in 1806 a British squadron under Sir John Borlase Warren captured her off La Palma in the Canary Islands. The Admiralty commissioned her into the Royal Navy as HMS Belle Poule. At the time of her capture Belle Poule was armed with forty 18-pounder guns, had a crew of 320 men, and was under the command of Captain Brouillac. Marengo and Belle Poule had lost 65 men killed and 80 wounded. The British on London and Amazon had 13 officers and men killed and 26 officers and men wounded. Belle Poule returned to Portsmouth on 17 May 1815. A week later she sailed for Cork. She was converted to a prison hulk in 1815. She was sold on 11 June 1816 for ₤2,700. The design stamp is made after painting of John Bentham Dinsdale: “Hermes, Gypsey Schooner and Belle Poule”.
Somali 2017;


The sixth issue from Maritime Malta series consists of 3 stamps featuring vessels dating back to the Order of Saint John.

For many years, warships, such as the galley, were used by the Mediterranean naval powers. In fact this type of ship served for many years as the backbone of the Navy of the Order of Saint John. The Galley was characterised by its long, slender and shallow hull. These vessels were usually painted red with a white waterline and while most vessels at the time had sails, however the primary method of propulsion was the human strength of prisoners.

The 26c stamp depicts a model of the common galley, also known as Sensile. This was armed with five bronze cannon on the bow and propelled by 26 oars on each side. Three to five people were needed for each oar and this vessel was also rigged with two lateen sails. This model is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum.

The 42c Stamp depicts a model known as the Demi Galley or the Half Galley. This was introduced in 1742 and was a smaller version of the common galley. The development of this galley came at the time when availability of prisoners as oarsmen was scarce hence the smaller number of rowers needed. This galley was equipped with one large calibre bronze cannon on the bow. This model is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum and it is considered as the only surviving Demi Galley model known.

The 1 stamp shows a model of a brigantine. This was the ceremonial barge of the Portuguese Grand Master Antonio Manoel de Vilhena and was painted green with a white waterline. It was fitted with nine oars on each side and was not designed for long voyages, with storage space kept at a minimum. It is documented that Grand Master de Vilhena travelled to Gozo in this vessel. This model underwent extensive restoration in 1964 and it is on display at the Malta Maritime Museum.

Source: Joseph Abela (Heritage Malta) ... sues%2fphi
Malta 2018 0.26/1.00 Euro sg?, scott? (The 1.00 Euro has the year 2019 printed on it)


Antigua & Barbuda issued in 1988 a set of stamps and a miniature sheet for the “Sailing week yacht regatta 1988”. All stamps and sheet shows sailing yachts of which I have not any information. Of the regatta Wikipedia has the following:

Antigua and Barbuda Sailing Week is a yacht regatta held at Nelson's Dockyard, St. Johns, Antigua. It is one of Antigua's most notable events. Founded in 1967, it is cited as one of the top regattas in the world and attracts an average 150-200 yachts, 1500 participants and 5000 spectators on average annually. In 2012 the regatta was held between 29 April and 4 May. In 2005, 24 countries were represented at the regatta. There are five main races held, including the English Harbour race, and at the end of the week the event finishes with the Lord Nelson's Ball.
Antigua & Barbuda 1988 30c/$5 sg 1190/93 and sgMS 1194, Scott 1112/16


Norfolk Island has not a deep water harbour, ships are required to anchor about a kilometre or so off shore. The cargo is then transferred from the hold of the ship to lighters. The 30 feet lighters, which are a local adaption of wooden whaling boats, are then towed by launch to the jetty.
Of the whalers used on Norfolk Island after which the lighters were built see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=13176&p=14506&hilit=blessing+of+the+whalers#p14506

Loading jetties are located at Kingston and Cascade, but ships cannot get close to either of them. When a supply ship arrives, it is emptied by whaleboats towed by launches, five tonnes at a time. Which jetty is used depends on the prevailing weather on the day. The jetty on the leeward side of the island is often used. If the wind changes significantly during unloading/loading, the ship will move around to the other side. Visitors often gather to watch the activity when a supply ship arrives.

Much more is given on the following URL: ... nic-fleet/ ... olk_Island
Norfolk Island 1988 39 and 55c sg452/53, scott?. 1990 5c and10c sg483/84, scott?. 1993 45c sg 541, scott? 1996 $3.70 sg627, scott?, and 45c sg 629, scott? 2000 sgMS 731, scott? 2001 45c/$1.50 sg?, scott?


The Isle of Man issued two stamps in 1974 for the 1000th centenary of King Magnus Haraldson.

Under which name he was known has in the years many times spelled differently in the documents, but most probably it was King Magnus Haraldson, when born is also not known.
He was King of the Isle of Man and on the 8p stamp his fleet is seen. Twice in the year he sailed with this fleet of between 3600-4800 sails around the British Islands as admiral of the fleet to clear the waters around the islands from pirates especially the Danes and Normans. Also his coat of arms is depict on the stamp. Why are she rowing she are under sail, and why carry the shields outboard, so far I know the shields were only used during battle in this way, and clearly not a battle took place on this stamp.
The 4p stamp shows Magnus Haraldson in a stately barge with King Edgar of England on the River Dee in Wales. The skyline of the town in the background is of the town of Chester, a mistake has been made. The skyline of the town is from a drawing of the 14th century. Of the barge I have not any info, looks she is rowed by kings, all wearing a crown, King Edgar standing in the stern.
King Magnus Haraldson died in 977, but also other years have been given.

Source: Various internet sites.
Isle of Man 1974 4½p and 8p sg51/52, scott?


Felucca served as a cargo carrier, passenger vessel, man-of-war, corsair, and guardian of ports. Terra has been applied to a number of differ¬ent types of vessels during a long history that ended in the 19th century. Small types generally both rowed and sailed; large vessels only sailed, stepping 1-3 masts. Generally set lateen sails, although a sprit rig was common on some small open feluccas in the 17th century. Some As many as 20 banks of oars used and, on older types, outboard gangways supported standing rowers. Sharp ends, flat floors, shallow keel, flared sides. Most had a low beak. The later Spanish craft had a very tall stem extension. Most had an overhang¬ing poop deck, some had a cabin aft, and larger vessels were fully decked. On some, the helm could be placed at either end as needed. The corsair carried ca. 20 men. Reported lengths 9-19m, widths 1.8-3.7m, depths 0.7-1.12m.
Feluccas are the traditional sailboats of Egypts Nile . Egyptians and foreigners alike enjoy a relaxing felucca ride, as they are perfect for catching the breeze on a hot summer night, The felucca has remained, over the centuries, the primary transportation of the Nile . Its ancient form still graces the river as it has been done since the time of the Pharaohs. The felucca relies entirely on the breeze which builds during the day, and the Nile River's current. Egypt is blessed with a predominant southerly wind that pushes sailboats upriver, while allowing them to return on its current downstream.
Egipt 2014;le4. Dominica 1998; 90c; SG2459. Monaco 1979;1f50; SG1396. Uganda 1998;3000s;SG Ms1973b. (In margin of sheet).
Source: A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra. ... rev=search

DISCOVERY HMS 1791 (Vancouver)

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DISCOVERY HMS 1791 (Vancouver)

Postby aukepalmhof » Thu Oct 22, 2009 8:48 pm

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Discovery 1791 (Small).jpg
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SG1303 (Small).jpg
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To celebrate the 250th anniversary of Captain Vancouver’s birth and honour his accomplishments on 22 June 2007, Canada Post issued a single international rate stamp. The stamp depict Captain George Vancouver standing by the railing of the DISCOVERY looking to the coast.

The Canada Post has the following info by the stamp. ... etail=2027

The first hint of Captain Vancouver’s desire to make history probably came when he was an ambitious 16 year-old seaman serving on Captain James Cook’s ship the RESOLUTION, during Cook’s second great voyage. Cook sailed with the intention of determining whether an Antarctic continent really existed by exploring the Antarctic region and the South Pacific. Just before RESOLUTION turned north after having sailed as far south as was possible, Vancouver climbed the bowsprit leaning out over the Antarctic sea toward the polar ice, and established his claim of having been “nearer the south pole than any other man”.
By his mid-twenties, he had narrowly escaped death on the island of Hawaii (the day before Captain James Cook was killed on the same island) sailed the world twice and gained his first commission.

As captain of the DISCOVERY, Vancouver is credited with undertaking the last of the great voyages of exploration embarked upon by 18th century European sailors.
During this expedition, he oversaw the return of British territory and property from the Spanish at Nootka and created the first accurate map of the northwest Pacific coast, exploring from the tip of Vancouver Island to the southern end of the Alaska panhandle. He bestowed almost 400 place names that are still used today, including the largest island on the west coast of North America and Canada’s largest west-coast city, which both carry the name Vancouver.

“The importance of Vancouver’s achievements, which went largely unnoticed until after his death, have significant bearing in today’s world,” explains stamp designer Niko Potton of Fleming Design in Vancouver.
“Despite being a long way from home and being treated poorly by the (British) Admiralty upon his return, Vancouver selflessly served his King and country by fulfilling his duty. It’s that self-sacrifice that to me is the mark of a great man with a great character. I wanted to create a design that focused on the man himself and captured the solitary and isolation position in which he found himself, geographically and personally.

The detail-oriented stamp features a solitary image of Vancouver standing onboard ship, gazing out toward the horizon. The stamp also features a stunning reproduction of Vancouver’s authenticate signature running vertical down the right-hand side of the stamp. Permission to use the signature comes courtesy of the British Columbia Archives.

Built in 1789 as a wooden merchant vessel by Randall & Co. Rotherhithe.
November 1789 bought by the British Admiralty.
Launched under the name HMS DISCOVERY.
Tonnage 330 ton (bm), dim. 99.2 x 28.3 x 12.4ft. (30.2 x 8.6 x 3.77m.)
Armament: 10 – 4pdrs. short, 10 - ½pdr. swivels.
Crew 100.
February 1791 commissioned under command of Cmdr. George Vancouver.

When trouble was brewing between Spain and Great Britain over control of lands in the Pacific Northwest in 1789, and after a favourable resolution for Great Britain was made of the Nootka Sound controversy in 1790, the English fitted out two ships the DISCOVERY and the tender CHATHAM to survey all the waters and inlets, and to look for a Northwest passage between Cape Mendocine (30ºN) and Cook Inlet (60ºN).

01 April 1791 the two ships sailed from Falmouth, and after making calls at Tenerife and Cape Town, she headed east making landfall at Cape Chatham, Australia on 28 September, made a surveys of the west coast of Australia, then Dusky Bay, New Zealand where she arrived on 02 November 1791.

Then the two ships headed for Tahiti, during bad visibility the two ships lost contact, and the CHATHAM discovered a group of islands east of New Zealand which she named after the ship Chatham Islands.

The Chatham joined the DISCOVERY again at Tahiti, and after a three week stay there together the two ships sailed to Hawaii, where she arrived early March, sailing mid-March bound for the west coast on North America. A month later the Oregon coast was sighted, where after the two ships headed north along the coast.
End April she were off the Juan de Fuca, and the two ships sailed to Discovery Bay for repairs.
From this base she explored Puget Sound and the San Juan Islands, and there they met the Spanish vessels SUTIL and MEXICANA also on a survey voyage, the relations between the British and Spanish vessels were friendly.
06 August 1792 at 4 a.m. the Discovery grounded on rocks in the Queen Charlotte’s Sound, after throwing overboard ballast, wood and water at least she got free again, without much damage.

October 1792 the DISCOVERY sailed south leaving behind the CHATHAM.
14 November 1792 she arrived at Yerba Buena now San Francisco, she was the first non-Spanish ship to sail into San Francisco Bay.
15 January 1793 she sailed from Mendocino bound for Hawaii where she arrived on 12 February, she made a survey of the islands before she headed back to the North West coast of America.
20 May she arrived at Puget Sound, the two ships surveyed the Queen Charlotte Sound including Elcho Harbour on Dean Channel, by the end of the second season, Vancouver’s expedition had charted so far 1700 miles of coast from29 56N to about 56 N.
Then she headed back to Hawaii to finish the surveys of these islands.
Then the two ships sailed back to the North American coast, shortly after departing Hawaii the two ships separated, coming together again on 06 May.
DISCOVERY in the meantime sighted Chirikof Island and proceeded to the Cook’s Inlet on 12 April, after finding out that it was not a river the DISCOVERY sailed around the Kenai Peninsula and made a survey of the Prince William Sound.
In the end of the summer season she completed surveys and charted the northern end of the Alexander Archipelago, after a call at Cape Decision on the southern end of Chichagof Island in 1793, the two ships
Sailed for California.
02 December 1794 the two ships sailed from Monterey and after calling at Maria Magdalena, Cocos Island, the Galapagos and Valparaiso before passing Cape Horn and sailing in the Atlantic, arriving 03 July 1795 at St Helena.
At St Helena they were informed that Great Britain was in War with the Netherlands and thereafter she seized the Dutch East Indiaman MACASSAR who was underway from Cape Town to the Netherlands.
The CHATHAM was dispatched to Brazil as an escort.
15 July DISCOVERY sailed from St Helena, and she arrived at Shannon on 13 September 1795.
The DICOVERY and CHATHAM arrived Deptford in October 1795.
Of her original crew only 5 men died during the five year voyage.
Thereafter laid up.
1798 Fitted out as a bomb vessel.
July 1795 re-commissioned under command of Cmdr John Dick, October 1800 relieved by Cmdr. John Conn.
October 1801 decommissioned.
June 1803 re-commissioned under Cmdr. John Joyce, relieved on June 1804 by Cmdr. Charles Pickford.
1808 Fitted out as convict ship in Sheerness.
1818 At Woolwich as convict ship.
1834 Broken up.

More on Vancouver is given on: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=16035#!lightbox[gallery]/0/

Australia 1991 $1.05 sg1303, scott1226.
Canada 2007 $1.55, sg?, scott?

Source: Some web-sites. Voyages of Delusions by Glyn Williams. Ships of the World by Lincoln P.Paine.
British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793-1817.
Posts: 5427
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

Re: DISCOVERY HMS 1791 (Vancouver)

Postby aukepalmhof » Mon Nov 27, 2017 6:38 pm

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1988 discovery.jpg
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In the 18th century, new scientific equipment allowed explorers to survey land and sea with greater accuracy than ever before. Some of George Vancouver's maps, in fact, are still in use today. Trained as map-maker under Captain James Cook, Vancouver undertook a round-the-world voyage from 1791 to 1795, covering 105,000 kilometres. He surveyed the west coast from 30o to 60o N., and was so intent on mapping the coastline that he missed the Columbia River. Nevertheless, he would eventually dispel the myth that a Northwest Passage existed at these latitudes. Artist Frederick Hagan of Newmarket, Ontario painted these four images, third in the series of Exploration stamps. Using a palette of vivid colours, he depicts the lands carted by four 18th century explorers. His imaginative backgrounds detail charts, map-making tools and the DISCOVERY, the ship Vancouver sailed on his voyage around the world.

Source: Canada Post Corporation. [Postage Stamp Press Release], 1988.
Canada 1988 37c sg 1286, scott?
Posts: 5427
Joined: Thu Apr 02, 2009 1:28 am

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