VULTURE

By the stamp is given by Jersey post: Captain Peter Duval was a wanted man in the port of Bayonne, France. Around the year 1800, he commanded a small lugger named the VULTURE and engaged in harassing a large French brig of 180 tons with hidden firepower of 16 guns. As the Captain drew up alongside the French opened fire but missed the smaller vessel which successfully scored cannon hits direct on to the brig’s hull.
Downloaded from the internet:
VULTURE was one of the most successful privateers in the Napoleonic Wars, which started badly for Jersey. Commanded by Capt Peter Duval, she brought in 16 prizes from the Bay of Biscay between 1795 and 1798.
Capt Duval was wanted man in the port of Bayonne, whose merchants had sufferred badly from his success. They set a trap, disguising a brig of 180 tons with hidden firepower of 16 guns. Duval could not resist so seemingly easy a target and pulled alongside demanding their surrender. The French opened fire and missed.
What they had not taken account was the difference in height between the two ships. The VULTURE was a small lugger of 100 tons, four guns and 27 men, the brig's guns fired over her head but the VULTURE’s cannon all scored direct hits on the French ship's hull. They were forced to withdraw, having only managed to inflict slight damage on the VULTURE’s rigging.
Snipe
VULTURE was still successful in 1812 when, commanded by Captain Francis Le Feuvre and accompanied by another privateer, EARL ST VINCENT, she captured an American vessel, the SNIPE, which was attempting to run a blockade off the French coast at Bordeaux.
The SNIPE’s cargo was sold at public auction at L'Hotel de Deal in St Helier on 7 October. It consisted of:
• 212 cases of white sugar from Havanna
• 51 sacks of spices
• 10 barrels of Rocou
• 28 bales of cotton
• 151 sacks of cocoa
• 709 bales of coffee
• 248 half bales of Bourbon coffee
• 838 sacks of Java coffee
• 389 sacks of coffee
• 10 barrels of coffee
• 205 sacks of pepper
• 24 sacks of indigo
• 146 bear skins
After the sale the 216-tonne ship itself was auctioned. The new owners renamed it the MARS and it also became a privateer. Under Captain Noe Le Sueur she captured the SPEEDWELL, whose American crew were disgusted to discover they had been taken by a ship that not long before had been one of their own.

Jersey 2014 46p sg?, scott?
http://www.theislandwiki.org/index.php/The_''Vulture''

JERSEY PRIVATEERS and PIRATES

In the days when the easiest method of transportation goods in bulk was by water, unscrupulous members of seafaring communities saw its disruption as an ideal way of making money. Piracy was frowned on by authorities unless the ship happened to belong to an enemy power in which case a blind eye may have been turned. Despite this, piracy was a criminal offence unless it was sanctioned by the state and termed ‘privateering’.
In 1689, the practice of issuing ‘Letters of Marques’ became common, effectively a licence to thieve on the high seas and commissions were issued to vessels authorising their owners to attack and plunder the King’s enemies during war time. Any prize was sold and the profit was divided amongst the State, the ship owners and the crew.
Previously, the English Civil war period saw a blossoming of privateering activity in Jersey under Sir George Carteret who started with just one galley, built up his fleet of privateers to about a dozen by arming his prizes. Of course it was not only Jersey which issued Letters of Marques and by 1652, the Channel had been infested by freelance privateers, flying the flags of all nations and bringing the islands to a stranglehold.
Once legalised, Jersey ship owners were quick to take advantage of the situation with the numbers of vessels and captured prizes rising steadily during the French wars. The heyday of the Jersey privateering, however was the 18th century. In the first two years of the French War 1793-1802, 42 local boats and 900 Jerseymen were captured by the French, representing two thirds of the island’s shipping and 4% of the population. With the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, peace came to Europe and privateering fell into disuse until it was finally abolished in 1856 bringing with it the end of an era which had brought prosperity to the island.
Jersey 2014 46p/£1.20 and Souvenir Sheetlet £2.91 sg?. Scott?
Source: Jersey Stamp Bulletin Autumn 2014.

46p Shows the lugger VULTURE on the right and a French ship.
69p Shows CUMBERLAND in the background of the stamp.
56p Shows the CHARMING BETTY capturing the French bark ST CHARLES.
£1.20 Shows the CHARMING NANCY capturing the French Le HERON.

MERCATOR. Gerardus 1512-1594

Gerardus Mercator  is best known for his work in cartography, in particular theworld map of 1569 based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing as straight lines. He was the first to use the term " atlas " for a collection of maps.Before Mercator's time, world maps were basically useless to navigators plotting voyages of discovery and trade. The maps may have shown landmasses correctly, but generally they did not show proportional distance and direction so navigators could not plot a compass course. In his map, Mercator drew straight, equidistant longitude lines, perpendicular to latitude lines, forming a grid which could be used to accurately determine sea routes. Mercator created and published numerous other maps, many of which were posthumously published by his son as Atlas' or Cosmographic Meditations on the Structure of the World . This marked the first use of the world atlas in connection with a book of maps. Mercator also introduced the use of italics to the text of maps.                                                                                                                                                                      Mercator was born Gerhard Kremer on March 5, 1512, in Rupelmonde, Flanders, and changed his name when he became a student at the University of Louvain in1530. Though Mercator studied philosophy and theology, he also developed an interest in astronomy, mathematics, geography, art and engraving. He studied the first two subjects under Gemmy Phrysius, a cartographer and mathematician.While Mercator lived in Louvain, from 1530 until 1552, Mercator made scientific instruments and worked as a surveyor, while makings his first maps and globes. His earliest globe was finished about 1536, and he published his first map in 1537. Its subject was Palestine. In 1844, Mercator was imprisoned for several months in Louvain for heresy, though he was set free due to lack of evidence. In 1552, Mercator moved to Duisberg in what is now Germany, where he was employed by the Duke of Cleves. Mercator did his most significant work under Cleves's patronage in Duisberg.  In 1569, Mercator designed his Great World Map to facilitate sea travel, inspired by his contact with sea captains and navigators. His grid based of equidistant meridians (longitude lines) and parallels (latitude lines) drawn perpendicularly is known as a graticule. Mercator's graticule allowed constant compass bearing to be plotted as a straight line. While Mercator's map was useful for navigators because it preserved constant compass directions, it had drawbacks. Landmasses were not depicted in their true area and proportions, except at the equator. The further from the equator the landmass is, the bigger it looks on Mercator's map. Hence, Greenland looks much larger than the continent of South America, though it is really half its size. The North and South Poles cannot be projected at all. But the relationships between these landmasses are correctly depicted. Mercator's innovation did not become widespread until 1599, when Edward Wright published corrective tables for navigator's use.                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mercator also designed, engraved, and published many maps of Europe and its different parts. In 1554, for example, he published an accurate, detailed map of Europe. Eventually, 107 of these maps appeared in the atlas published by his son in 1595. Mercator also built globes on commission, including a one made of crystal and wood for the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. Mercator died in Duisberg on December 2, 1594.

Guinea 2012; 40000fg,5000fg,15000fg,20000fg;SG?
Belgium 2012;3f;SG?
Source:

http://www.madehow.com/inventorbios/54/ ... cator.html

By Anatoly

T-91 (Patrol Boat) 1970

This coastal patrol craft is one of three patrol boats built by Royal Thai Naval Dockyard, Bangkok. Commissioned in 1971.

Displacement; 87,5 tons standart, 104,3' x 17,5'. Draft; 5,5', 2 diesels, 1600 bhp, two screws, speed; 25 knots, Armament; 1 x 40 mm and 1 x 20 mm guns. Range; 700 miles at 21 knots, complement; 21.

Thailand 1979, S.G.?, Scott; 898.

Source: Janes Figthing Ships

Pioneer (Tugboat) 1859

She belongs to Colonial Government in Natal. She was built in 1859 in Marshall Bros., Shields shipyard. Gt. 95, nt. 51; diamentions; 89'4" x 18'5" x 9'3"; steam engine of 40Hp.


She was Port Natal's first tugboat. In 1877, she was sold to Port Shepstone Shipping Co. and used as a coaster. She was wrecked at Port St. Johns on 11 Jun 1902.

On the stamp, she is shown around 1870.

The stamp set was designed by Sheila Nowers and printed by the Government Printer, Pretoria.

South Africa 1994 1.35 R, S.G.? Scott: 890.

Source: D. Rodlie; Lloyd's Lists 1863-64.

NORVEGIA (Nw.)

Built in 1919 by Jac. M. Iversen at Son (Nw.) for Skibs A/S Freda (Winge & Co.) Kristiana (now Oslo) as VESLE PER.
Sealer, Gt:285, Nt:126, L:34,84m. B:8,14m. D:4,24m. 2 cyl steam engine:350 hp. wooden hull.
in 1927 sold to Bryde & Dahls Hvalfangerselskab A/S (Lars Christiansen) Sandefjord, renamed in NORVEGIA, '27 -'31 trips to Antarctica.
1931 sold to A/S Kvitøy, Aalesund, renamed in KVITØY, 19-03-1933 sunk in the White Sea.
(AAT 1979/80 50 c. StG.50)

Nimanoa (Ketch) 1929

She was the Government vessel of Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony, and carried administrative and treasury officers about the group of Islands, consisting of about forty, and covering an east to west distance of about 2000 miles.

She also carried mails, sometimes rations and also occasionally lepers to the Makogai Leper Asylum in Fiji.

She was, to quote a late Treasurer of the Colony, “a ketch-rigged auxiliary engined abortion” built in 1929 and just over 100 feet long, with a tonnage of 100.

She looks attractive enough on the stamp. The ketch was lying at Tarawa when the Japanese invaded the Island. Her chief officer, who was senior officer aboard at the time, decided to run her on the reef and so prevent her falling into Japanese hands. This he successfully accomplished in the face of enemy machine-gun fire. The Japanese, on their temporary departure from the island left the ship’s company on Tarawa, thinking escape impossible. All, however, managed to get to Fiji. The remains of the Nimanoa can still be seen at low tide.

Gilbert & Ellice Islands 1939 S.G? Scott:49.

Source: Watercraft Philately
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Pheasant HMS (sloop) c 1819

The full index of our ship stamp archive

Pheasant HMS (sloop) c 1819

Postby john sefton » Fri Nov 13, 2009 10:05 pm

SG414.jpg
SG414
Click image to view full size
HMS PHEASANT. 1819. A sloop of 18 guns.
Built by Edwards at Shoreham 14.4.1798.
Was present at capture of Montevideo on 3.2.1807.
Sold 11.7.1827 to be broken up.
N.B. This was 3rd ship of name, between 1761 and 1963. Eight ships bore the name.

Log Book November 1986.
Ascension SG414
john sefton
 
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Re: Pheasant HMS (sloop) c 1819

Postby aukepalmhof » Sat Nov 14, 2009 8:35 pm

Built as gun-sloop by the yard of Edwards, Shoreham for the Royal Navy.
24 January 1795 ordered.
June 1795 keel laid down.
25 March 1796 launched under the name HMS PHEASANT one of the Merlin class, she was the third ship in the Royal Navy with this name.
Tonnage 373 ton (bm), dim 106.1 x 28.3 x 13.9ft., draught 10.3ft.
Armament 16 – 6 pdrs. upperdeck, 4 – 12 pdrs. guns quarter deck, fore-castle 2 – 12 pdrs. carronades
Crew 121.
28 April 1796 completed at yard, then moved to Portsmouth for fitting out.
June 1798 commissioned under command of Commander William Skipsey.
08 August 1798 completed. Building cost £8.087.


The class was later rearmed with: Upperdeck 14 – 32pdr. carronades, quarter deck 4 – 12 pdr. and fore-castle 2 – 12 pdr. carronades.

August 1798 sailed for Halifax.
From 1800 till 1804 under command of Commander Henry Carew.
22 August 1803 returned to the U.K.
1804 Under command of Commander Robert Paul, 01 September 1804 sailed for Jamaica. Commander Paul died at Barbados early 1805.
1805 Under command of Commander Robert Henderson in the Leeward Islands, Caribbean.
16 December 1805 he retook the English ship CLIO laden with merchandise.
January 1806 under command of Commander John Palmer, he was her commander untill 1814.
August 1806 the PHEASANT was in the U.K.
28 September 1806 sailed for South America.
1807 She bombarded Montevideo with other British warships, and on 03 February took part in the storming of the town, which was taken on 04 February 1807.
June 1807 took part in the siege on Buenos Aires.
1808 In service in the Channel Fleet and she took the French privateers Le TROPARD (5 guns) on 08 May 1808, and Le COMTE DE HUNEBOURG (14 guns) from St Malo on 03 February 1810, and the Le HÉROS (6 guns) on 17 June 1811.

From July till September 1812 repair and refit in Plymouth, repair bill £11.587.
05 January 1813 arrived from Oporto in Plymouth.
12 March 1813 took together with the HMS WARSPITE the American privateer WILLIAM BAYNARD (4 gun).
06 May 1813 brought in the American brig FOX 98 guns) which carried a letter of marquee; she was captured by HMS PHEASANT, WHITING and SCYLLA after a chase of over 100 miles. The FOX was underway from Bordeaux to Philadelphia.
05 June 1813 sailed from Torbay with an outward bound convoy for Newfoundland.
28 December 1813 sailed from Newfoundland with a convoy to the U.K.

October 1814 command was taken over by Commander Edmund Waller, used in the Channel Fleet.
November 1815 paid off into ordinary at Plymouth.
Refitted at Plymouth from September till December 1818 and re-commissioned on September 1818, under command of Commander Benedictus Kelly.
After her refit sailed for the Africa Station.
30 July 1819 she captured the slave vessel NOVA FELICIDAD, the same year she lost her Captain Kelly, surgeon, gunner and quartermaster on most probably malaria, not given of one of the lower ranks lost there live, but most probably yes.
September 1821 under command of Commander Douglas Clavering, at the Africa Station.
November 1822 she sailed via Havana and New York back to England.
De-commissioned and fitted out as a receiving ship at Woolwich, in service as so from August 1823 till November 1824.

11 July 1827 sold at Deptford for £1.250 to John Small Sedger, Rotherhithe, for breaking up.

Source: Log Book. British Warships in the age of sails 1793- 1817. www.cronab.demon.co.uk
Some other web-sites.
aukepalmhof
 
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