PINNACE

PINNACE was a fast maneuverable, relatively narrow square vessel of the late 17th century through the 18th century. Mostly used in the north of Europe and Portugal.
Used as a merchantman and whaler but also as a warship when needed. She resembled a jacht (yacht) and was often confused with it. The 17th century vessels had two decks, a forecastle and a half deck at the stern. Soft V shape bottom; angular bilges, tumble home to sides above the waterline. Ornamented beakhead and stern.
Armed with 18 guns.
Square rigged on fore- and mainmast, lateen and mizzen topsail on the mizzen mast. Larger ships had a spritsail and a sprit topsail (as seen on stamp) below the bowsprit.
Crew 60-70.
Dimensions: 35 – 45.7m long, 7.6 – 11.6 m wide. Tonnage from 150 to 800 ton.

Guinea 2002 4000F sgMS?, scott2071.

Source: Aak to Zumbra, a Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft.

AMERICA II (US 46) yacht

The AMERICA II (US 46) was nominated as official team challenger and the only yacht which took part in the America’s Cup Louis Vuitton Challenge’s Race in Freemantle, Australia.
AMERICA II (US 46) was one of the three 12-metres yacht all named AMERICA II only the sail number was different, the others carried the No. US 42 and 44. Which yacht is depict on the stamp is difficult to say, not a sail number is visible, all were in Freemantle but the US 46 was the only yacht used in the Challenge Race, the other two yachts were used for training.
All three yachts were built as a 12-metre yacht by the Williams & Manchester Shipyard in Newport, Rhode Island for the America II Syndicate USMMA Foundation, representing the New York Yacht Club.
The US 46 was designed by Sparkman & Stephens, M.W. Langan.
Built in 1986.
Displacement 27.3 ton, dim. 19.72 x 3.35 x 2.62m, (draught), length on waterline 13.68m.
Sail area 140.64 m².
After completing she was shipped to Australia, the last of the AMERICA II yachts to arrive.
She sailed under skipper John Kolius in the Louis Vuitton Races, she did not reach the semi-finals.
After the America Cup the AMERICA II (US 46) was shipped back to the United States.
1989 Sold to Lennard A. Gulson at San Diego CA, USA. She was used in the movie “Wind” under the name FIDDLER.
1993 Sold to US 46 LLC (Alfred B. Van Liew), Newport, R.I. still named FIDDLER.
2005 Sold to Scott MacLeod in CT, USA, renamed again in AMERICA II.
2006 Sold to Manhattan Sailing Club, Manhattan, NY, USA not renamed. She was bought by members of that club to celebrate the club’s 20th anniversary, she was donated by the members in 2012 to the New York Harbor Sailing Foundation.
2014 Still owned by the Foundation and used for sailing with paying passengers in New York harbour.
Solomon Island 1987 $1 sg570a, scott570g.
Belize 1987 25c sg985, scott?
Source: http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05347.html Internet

CRUSADER / WHITE CRUSADER

The 12m yacht CRUSADER was built by Cougar Marine for the British America’s Cup Challenges PLC, representing the Royal Thames Yacht Club.
The yacht was designed by Ian Howlett.
February 1986 launched at Hamble, U.K as the CRUSADER (I), the yacht was christened by HRH Princess Diana.
Displacement 26 ton, dim. 1981 x 3.81 x 2.71m. (draught), length on waterline 13.77m.
Sail area 164.55m²
She was built for the contest of the 1987 America Cup in Fremantle, Australia.
1986 Renamed in WHITE CRUSADER after the sponsor of the yacht bought the whisky brand “White Horse”.
Under skipper Harald Cudmore the yacht made it to the sixth place.
1988 Was she chartered to V. Bandolowski in Lulea, Sweden and renamed HOLGER DANSKE.
1993 Sold to Richard Matthews in Ipswich, U.K. and renamed again CRUSADER.
Some time she was fitted out with an engine and had some accommodation.
2001 The engine and accommodation were removed and went back to full 12-Metre racing.
2014 Still owned by the Matthews and used for racing.
Solomon Islands 1986 $1 sg570a, scott574.
Belize 1987 $4 sg988, scott
Sources: Various internet sites.

IMPROVEMENT SUEZ CANAL

A new stamp was issued by the Egypt Post in 2014 for the improvement of the Suez Canal, but the design shows a lock in the Panama Canal.
The stamp was withdrawn after the mistake was detected, how many there have been issued is unknown.
The vessels depict on the stamp, the warship looks she is one of the Type 42 of the Royal Navy but which ship of the class is unknown. The other ships till so far not identified.

COURAGEOUS yacht

Built as a 12 meter yacht by Minneford’s Yacht Yards, City Island, New York for the Courageous Syndicate, New York.
June 1974 launched as COURAGEOUS.
Displacement 25,4 ton, dim. 20.10 x 3.73 x 2.73m. (draught, length on waterline 13.60m.
Sail area 151 m²
Crew 11.

COURAGEOUS is a 12-metre class yacht. She was the third boat to win the America's Cup twice, in 1974 and 1977, after COLUMBIA in 1899 and 1901, and INTRPID in 1967 and 1970. All three of these boats won for the New York Yacht Club and thus the United States. COURAGEOUS was the first all-aluminium-hulled 12-metre class yacht.
COURAGEOUS successfully defended the America's Cup for the USA in 1974 with Ted Hood at the helm. After the 1974 cup, Hood built a new boat which he thought was faster than COURAGOUS and sold COURAGOUS to Ted Turner. Turner won the 1977 America's Cup defender trials in COURAGEOUS beating Hood in the process, and then went on to successfully defend the America's Cup later that year.
When preparing COURAGEOUS for the 1977 America's Cup, she was re-measured for compliance with the 12-metre class rule. It was discovered that she was lighter than the weight declared in her original racing certificate for the 1974 America's Cup. Less weight typically means a faster performance in lighter winds and a slower performance in stronger winds. If COURAGEOUS had been found to be underweight before the competition in 1974 then the designers would have had to make adjustments to sail area, the waterline length, or other attributes to make the design comply with the 12-metre rule. If COURAGEOUS was found to be underweight during the event she would have been disqualified. It is only conjecture what effect this oversight had on the result of the 1974 event.
1979 Renamed in COURAGEOUS II.
1984 Owned again by Courageous Syndicate Inc., Short Beach CT, USA., renamed COURAGES III.
1986 Renamed in COURAGEOUS IV.
1993 Renamed again in COURAGOUS and owned by Courageous Sailing Center in Charlestown MA, USA.
1996 Owned by US 26 Corporation, Wilmington, DE, USA not renamed.
Both COURAGEOUS and INTREPID are still sailing and racing today in Newport, Rhode Island. INTREPID is available for charter and COURAGEOUS is privately owned.
1997 Was she donated by Leonard Greene to the Museum of Yachting, Newport, Rhode Island.
2002 Restoration took place by Hinckley Yacht Services in Portsmouth, USA. Then owned by The Courageous Foundation Ltd., Newport, R.I.
2005 Designated by the State of Rhode Island as a State Yacht.
2014 Still owned by Courageous Foundation and regular used for races.

Solomon Islands 1986 18c sg570a, scott573h. $1 sg570a scott
Dominica 1987 $5 sgMS1056, scott1018.
Gambia 1987 1b sg701, scott673.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courageous_(yacht) http://www.12mrclass.com/yacht-search/d ... 05436.html Internet.

MARK TWAIN + steamboat

Acclaimed author and humorist Mark Twain is being honored by the U.S. Postal Service with the issuance of a commemorative Forever postage stamp in 2011.
Our literary tribute this year rightfully honors Mark Twain, author of one of the greatest novels in American literature and the man whom William Faulkner called ‘the first truly American writer,’ said Postal Service Board of Governors member James H. Bilbray. “Mark Twain was a rarity, as he was one of the first writers to exploit the vernacular voice in his books, using the speech of common Americans,” Bilbray said.
Joining Bilbray at the dedication ceremony will be Henry Sweets, curator for the Mark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum; Rachel Bringer, Circuit Judge, 10th Judicial Circuit, Hannibal MO; and David Martin, district manager, Gateway District, USPS.
Mark Twain (1835—1910), is the author of beloved works such as The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. His Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is widely considered one of the greatest novels in American literature. In this tale of an abused boy and a runaway slave who become friends while riding a raft down the Mississippi River, Twain addressed issues of race and racism in America with a frankness that is still startling more than a100 years later. Born Samuel Clemens, Mark Twain took his name from his time working as a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi.
The postage stamp portrait shows Twain as an older man; the steamboat in the background evokes a way of life along the Mississippi River that played a huge role in many of Twain’s works, as well as in his own life. Art director and stamp designer Phil Jordan collaborated with stamp artist Gregory Manchess, who based his portrait of Twain on a photograph taken around 1907.

USA 2011 Forever stamp sg?, scott? (the steamboat is not identified.)

http://about.usps.com/news/national-rel ... 11_076.htm

IMPOSSIBLE DREAM yacht

Three of the stamps feature young sailors who have already been successful in international events and are currently training for the Special Olympics in Athens this summer, which is the largest sporting event on Earth during 2011. 7,500 athletes from 185 nations will attend.
Sailability BVI is now a well-established program the object of which is to provide opportunities for young disabled persons to try their hand at sailing. It is affiliated to the Royal Yacht Association (RYA) in the UK and it was RYA Patron, HRH The Princess Royal, who opened the Watersports Centre in 2005.
The other three stamps feature Geoff Holt MBE, a quadriplegic, who was granted honorary “belonger” status in the BVI after he sailed across the Atlantic without assistance in 2010.
In presenting the stamps, Postmaster General Kevin Smith called Mr. Holt a symbol of tenacity and perseverance, and said he hopes the stamps would help inspire the people of the Virgin Islands to “make the seemingly impossible a reality”. In response, Geoff said he was pleased and humbled to be on a stamp, and joked that he thought it was an honour only granted to dead people. On two of the stamps, Mr. Holt is shown on his boat, IMPOSSIBLE DREAM. His trans-Atlantic journey ended in Cane Garden Bay, which was also where, in 1984, the injury that left him paralyzed from the chest down took place.
IMPOSIBLE DREAM a catamaran type sail yacht special built for the disabled which is wheelchair accessible.
Built by Multimarine Composites at Millbrook, U.K. for Mike Brown in 2003, the yacht was designed by Nic Bailey. Owned by the trust of the Charity Sporting Activities for the Disabled.
Launched as the IMPOSIBLE DREAM.
Displacement 29.7 ton, dim. 18.3 x 8.25 x 1.14m (draught).
Auxiliary powered by two 70hp Volvo diesels.
IMPOSSIBLE DREAM is unlike any other boat ever made. Built in the United Kingdom and designed by British architect Nic Bailey (co-architect of the famous London Eye), the cat was commissioned by Mike Browne, the founder of an outdoor clothing company who became a paraplegic after a skiing accident in 1998. It was later used as an adventure platform for British yachtsman Geoff Holt, who was paralyzed in a diving accident in 1984. Holt went on to circumnavigate the United Kingdom on the boat, and in 2010, he became the first disabled sailor to cross the Atlantic. Holt has moved on to bigger things and thanks to generous philanthropist Deborah Mellen, IMPOSSIBLE DREAM is now in Miami, where Horgan and his crew at “Shake-A-Leg” at Miami will use it for their own adventure: making impossible dreams possible.
2014 Same name and owners and still based in Miami.

British Virgin Islands 2011 50c and $1.00 sg?, scott? (the 5c,20c, 23c and 40c shows also yachts but are not identified.)

http://www.practical-sailor.com/blog/-11348-1.html Info from the BVI post website. Internet.
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EXXON VALDEZ tanker

The full index of our ship stamp archive

EXXON VALDEZ tanker

Postby aukepalmhof » Tue Dec 22, 2009 8:16 pm

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Built under yard no 438 as a crude tanker (VLCC) by National Steel & Shipbuilding Co (NASSCO), San Diego for the Exxon Shipping Co., Philadelphia.
29 July 1985 keel laid down.
June 1986 launched under the name EXXON VALDEZ.
Tonnage 110,831 gross, 71,330 net, 214,861 dwt., dim. 300.8 x 50.6 x 38.2m., draught 26.8m.
One Sulzer Oil 2SA, 8-cyl engine, 31,650 bhp, speed 16.25 knots, crew 21.
10 December 1986 completed.

Built for the transport of crude oil from Valdez to Panama for subsequent transportation to Gulf and east Coast ports in the USA, as well as crude to West Coast USA ports.

On 23 March 1989, the supertanker EXXON VALDEZ pulled out of Valdez, Alaska, loaded with more than 56 million gallons of crude oil.
Captain Joseph Hazelwood, the master of the vessel had spent the day drinking with crew members.
Bartenders testified that he had consumed at least eight vodka doubles, and Coast Guard tests showed his blood alcohol level stood at 241- more than six times the permissible level under Coast Guard regulations.
Third mate Gregory Cousins was on duty beyond the limits specified by federal fatigue laws.
Hazelwood, Cousins and the rest of the crew faced a night voyage through ice in the Prince William Sound.

Hazelwood intoxication was evident from the alcohol on his breath, his speech (captured on audiotape) and, most of all, his actions as his ship navigated the Sound. While passing through fishing grounds, Hazelwood took the EXXON VALDEZ outside established shipping lanes to avoid ice. He put the vessel on automatic pilot accelerating directly at Bligh Reef.
Hazelwood then left the bridge in violation of federal pilotage regulations. As he went below, he gave vague instructions to the inexperienced and fatigued Cousins.
At four minutes past midnight on 24 March 1989 the supertanker struck Bligh Reef, (about 25 mile from Valdez) spilling 11 million gallons of oil, “the largest oil spill and greatest environmental disaster in American history,” claimed news report.
The grounding punctured eight of the eleven cargo tanks, and within four hours 5.8 million gallons had been lost.
By the time the tanker was refloated on 5 April 260.000 barrels had been lost and 2.600 square miles of the country’s greatest fishing grounds and the surrounding virgin shoreline were sheated in oil.

After the spill and the removal of the oil from the tanker the EXXON VALDEZ sailed to San Diego, under command of a new captain, for repairs by NASSCO.

Captain Hazelwood, who had a record of drunk driving arrests, was charged with criminal mischief, driving a watercraft while intoxicated, reckless endangerment, and negligent discharge of oil.
He was found guilty of the last count and fined $ 51.000 and sentenced to 1.000 hours of community service in lieu of six months in prison.

In 1990 the American Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, which barred the EXXON VALDEZ and 17 other vessels from Alaskan waters. A provision banning entry by any ship that had spilled more than 1 million gallons after 22 March 1989 was tacked onto the Act.
As a result, Exxon sent the renamed vessel EXXON MEDITERRANEAN, after repair, to carry oil from the Middle East to Europe and the Far East ports.

In 1990, Exxon Shipping Co., President Gus Elmer said “Due to declining Alaskan crude oil, the vessel will enter foreign service, most likely loading crude oil in the Mediterranean or the Middle East. It is consistent with our policy that the vessel be named according to their location.

Exxon officials declined to retrofit the ship with a double hull because it was not feasible from an engineering standpoint, an Exxon spokeswoman said in March 1990.
However a National Steel spokesman said, “It’s feasible to put a double hull. The question is the cost and the time.”

In the mid 1990’s Sea River Maritime (Exxon’s shipping subsidiary) filed a lawsuits to allow the former EXXON VALDEZ to return to Alaskan waters. They stated that the vessel was not financially viable trading in foreign waters.
In 1998, a judge upheld the ban. In a recent Appeal Court case in October 2002 the ban was again upheld.
It has been reported that in 1993 she was renamed in S/R MEDITERRANEAN and that she was mothballed (laid up) and anchored off a foreign port that the owners will not name.
From being repaired in 1990 until its lay-up, the vessel made 190 voyages around the world.
April 2005 renamed in MEDITERRANEAN, owned by Seariver International Inc., Marshall Islands flag and registry.
February 2008 sold to Hong Kong Bloom Shipping Ltd., renamed DONG FANG OCEAN, she was refitted in a ore carrier, managed by Cosco Shanghai Ship Management, Shanghai.
2008 Registered at Panama.
April 2012 sold to Best Oasis Ltd. Mumbai, India, renamed ORIENTAL NICETY, under Sierra Leone flag. She was sold for scrapping.
The same month renamed by owners in ORIENTAL N., Sierra Leone registry. (source http://www.equasis.org )

Exxon Valdez denied the right to die in India

09 May 2012 Lloyds List
BULK carrier Oriental Nicety is refusing to bow out of shipping quietly, after the Indian authorities denied it entry to Alang for recycling following a row that only adds to the vessel’s notoriety.
The bulker that was formerly the very large crude carrier Exxon Valdez caused one the worst oil spills in history in Alaska in 1989. Renamed Oriental Nicety, it was scheduled to arrive in Alang today, according to broker reports.
However, vessel-tracking data from Lloyd’s List Intelligence shows that the vessel is at anchor near Malaysia.
According to international media reports, the authorities denied the ship entry until India’s Supreme Court rules on a petition by the Research Foundation for Science urging the authorities to turn the vessel away, alleging that it contains toxic waste.
The court is expected to hear the case on August 13.
Converted into an ore carrier in 2007, the 1986-built vessel, now operated by Coshipman, was reported sold on an as-is basis in Singapore for $460 per ldt, or $15.8m, at the end of March.
If the vessel cannot make it to India, it is likely to turn to China or to end its days on the beaches of Bangladesh.


IMO No. 8414520

Marshall Islands 1998 60c sg?, scott?
Sao Thome et Principe 2010 15000 DBMS sg?, scott?, (the other ship is the ATLANTIC EMPRESS on 35000 Db.)

Source: Watercraft Philately Vol. 49/50 P.Crichton. Ships of the World by Lincoln P.Paine. Marine News.
Some web-sites.
aukepalmhof
 
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